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REItUM RRTTANNICARUM MEDTT ^VI 
SCRIPTORES, 



<>i: 



CHRONICLES AND MEMORIALS OF GREAT BRITAIN 

AND IRELAND 



DURING 



THE MIDDLE AGES. 



THE CHRONICLES AND MEMORIALS 

OF 

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND 

DURING THE MIDDLE AGES. 

HK.n BT THE AUTHORITY 01 HER MAJ1 
DIRECTION OF THE 1 



On the 26th of January 185/, the Master of the Rolls 
submitted to the Treasury a proposal for the publication 
of materials for the History of this Country from the 
Invasion of the Romans to the Reign of Henry VIII. 

The Master of the Rolls suggested that these materials 
should be selected for publication under competent editors 
without reference to periodical or chronological arrange- 
ment, without mutilation or abridgment, preference being- 
given, in the first instance, to such materials as were most 
scarce and valuable. 

He proposed that each chronicle or historical document 
to be edited should be treated in the same way as if the 
editor were engaged on an Editio Princeps ; and for this 
purpose the most correct text should be formed from an 
accurate collation of the best MSS. 

To render the work more generally useful, the Master 
of the Rolls suggested that the editor should give an 
account of the MSS. employed by him, of their age and 
their peculiarities ; that he should add to the work a brief 
account of the life and times of the author, and any 
remarks necessary to explain the chronology; but no other 
note or comment was to be allowed, except what might be 
necessary to establish the correctness of the text. 

a 2 



The works to be published in octavo, separately, as 
they were finished ; the whole responsibility of the task 
resting upon the editors, who were to be chosen by the 
Master of the Rolls with the sanction of the Treasury. 

The Lords of Her Majesty's Treasury, after a careful 
consideration of the subject, expressed their opinion in a 
Treasury Minute, dated February 9, 1857, that the plan 
recommended by the Master of the Rolls " was well 
calculated for the accomplishment of this important 
national object, in an effectual and satisfactory manner, 
within a reasonable time, and provided proper attention be 
paid to economy, in making the detailed arrangements, 
without unnecessary expense." 

They expressed their approbation of the proposal that 
each chronicle and historical document should be edited 
in such a manner as to represent with all possible correct- 
ness the text of each writer, derived from a collation of the 
best MSS., and that no notes should be added, except 
such as were illustrative of the various readings. They 
suggested, however, that the preface to each work should 
contain, in addition to the particulars proposed by the 
Master of the Rolls, a biographical account of the author, 
so far as authentic materials existed for that purpose, and 
an estimate of his historical credibility and value. 

J foils J louse, 

December 18.37. 



BRUT Y TYWYSOGION ; 



OK 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES OF 
WALES. 



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BRUT Y TYWYSOGION; 






THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 



E I) I T E D 



THE REV. JOHN WILLIAMS A is [THEL, M.A.. 

KECTOE OF UAMUOH'CBUT, MEBIOXZTUSIII&K. 



^i^ 



rUBLISHr.o BY THE AUTHORITY OF Til; IMMISSIOKERS Of HSU ILAJi 

TKBASUBY, CNDKU THE DIBECTlOM Oi THE MASTEK OF TI1K KOLLS. 

. 



111S5 

LONDON: 
LONGMAN, GBEEN, LONGMAN, AND ROBERTS. 






-LM 



n !_ 

C; ; 



Printed by 

Eras and SroTTiswoor.K. Her Majesty's Printers. 

For Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 



C K T E IN T s. 



Page. 

I'i.i.i am - vii 

I'.ii i v TrwTsocHQN ; or, The Cjlrokicle oi nu. 

PfilNCES ------ 2-3 

GrLOSJ LR1 - - 377 

Index - - - - - - 121 



PREFACE. 



Tin; voice of Tradition would not lead us to suppose The primi 
that the ancient Britons paid any very particular at^yjjgf?" 
tcntiun to the study of chronology previous to the chrono- 
era of Prydain, 1 son of Aedd the Great, which bJjJJJJjJk 
variously dated front the year 1780 to 480 before the 
nativity of Christ. Prior to that time the recollection 
of events depended upon the popularity of rude aud 
inartificial songs, which were composed by the Gwydd- 
ouiaid, or Sages, and issued by them individually in 
their capacity of priests and local instructors. Whilst 
Prydain was engaged in the work of reforming the 
laws of the land, " he ordered diligent search to be 
■' made throughout the island for any persons who 
" might possibly have retained in memory the pri- 
" mitive knowledge of the Oymry, so as to secure 
'' the traditional preservation of it." 2 Three such were 



1 Prydain is a character much 
referred to in ancient British docu- 
ments, especially in the Triads, 
wherein he is represented as having 
introduced among the several states 
social reforms of such importance 
as to cause his own name to be given 
to the island, which ever after has 
been called "Ynys Prydain," the 
Isle of Prydain. There is reason to 
believe that the Trojan fable hns 



been founded upon this name, the 
similarity which it bears to that of 
Brutus having led to the mistake. 

a "The voice conventional of the 
•• Bards of the Island of Britain," 
extracted from Meurug of Glamor- 
gan's Book, at Bhaglan Castle, by 
Llywclyn John of Llangewvdd. in 
Glamorgan, who flourished about 
A.l>. 1880. 



V1U 



PREFACE. 



Fitness of 
the system 
for the 

times. 



Under the 

manage - 
infill and 
superinten- 
dence of 

the Bards. 



found, whose names were Plcnuydd, Alawn, and 
Gwron, and who belonged to the patriarchal order oi" 
the Gwyddoniaid. These having communicated what 
they knew, the whole, after due and proper notice.. 
WB - recited publicly at the national sessions of the 
I .aids, which were now for the first time established ; 
and the recitation was enjoined to be continued pe- 
riodically on the occurrence of the bardic festivals, 
with the view of impressing the information on the 
public memory. And as time drew on, other events, 
according to the order in which they happened, were 
added to the series of memorials — being embodied 
either in vocal song or in triads. 

It cannot be denied that this system Mas admirably 
calculated, under the circumstances of the times, for 
effecting the desired object. Hence the '•' voice con- 
■' ventional " was called the chief of the three modes 
of perpetuating memorials — the other two being "vocal 
• song," and "letters," as they existed of course in 
their primitive and isolated forms. ' 

All this was entrusted to the Bards, who at this 
time were, for the sake of greater convenience, di- 
vided into three distinct classes — Bards, Druids, and 



' •• The three memorials of the 
•• Bards of the race of the Cymry ; ; 
•' the memorial of the voice of | 
•• gorsedd, the memorial of vocal 
■ song, and the memorial of books ; 
•' and the strongest of the three is 
" the memorial of the voice of 
•• gorsedd, because it is preserved 
'• in the memory and hearing of 
'* country and nation, so that he ! 
'• who sees cause may doubt it." 
(From the Book of Gutto the I 
scholar, of Llanhari.) It may be 
proper to observe that most of the ; 
documents which relate to the j 
Bardo-Druidic system hitherto exist j 



only in manuscript At the Grand 
Eisteddfod] which was held at 
Llangollen, last year, a prize of a 
Gold Bardic Tiara and thirty 
pounds in money, was offered for 
•• the fullest illustration, from ori- 
" ginal sources, of the Theology, 
" Discipline, and Usages of the 
•' Bardo-Druidic system of the 
Isle of Britain." The prize was 
won by the editor of the present 
volume. The information thus 
brought together is such as will, 
when published, inevitably attract 
the attention of both British and 
Continental scholars. 



PREPACK. 



Ovates, each having its own peculiar duties ami privi 
leges. It is to bo remarked that Cmsar bears witness 
to the care with which the Druids in \m day culti 
v;H(m| the art of memory j nor did it escape his obser- 
vation that letters were but sparingly used for the 
•purpose, which he concludes was the case partly lest 
the pupils, by trusting too much to letters, should be- 
come less attentive to the faculty of memory, 1 a 
conclusion which seems to concur with the Bardic 
statement, that the use of letters was of Inferior im- 
portance to the voice conventional. 

The first event ascertained by Plcnnydd, Alawn, 
and Gwron, was the arrival of the Cymry in the island 
of Britain, which, according to the " Rhol Cov a Chyv- 
" riv," 2 or the roll of memorial and computation, 
took place eight hundred and forty-nine years before 
the time of Prydain, son of Aedd the Great. In other 
authorities the interval is somewhat differently and 
variously described: thus "Amseroedd Cov a Chyvriv. ; 
or the periods of memorial and computation, gives it 
;i! eight hundred and sixty-three years; " Cyvar- 
" wyddyd,"' 1 or historical guide, nine hundred ;, 
" Gov Cyvriv — Cov Gwlad,""' or the memorial of 
computation — the memorial of country, seven hundred 
years; and another manuscript, six hundred and fifty 



Arrival of 
the Cyrarj 
in Britain, 



1 ■• Magnum ibi numerum peruuom 
ediscere dicuntar; itaque annus 
uonnulli vicenos in disciplinu per- 
manent. Nequc fas esse existimant, 
ea Uteris mandare, quum in reliquis 
fere rebus, publicis privatisque ra- 
tionibus, Grtecis utantur Uteris. 
Id milii duabus de causis instituisse 
videntur ; quod neque in valgum 
disciplinam efferri velint, neque eos, 
qui discant, Uteris eonlisos, minus 
memorise studere 5 quod fcrepleris- 



que aecidit, (it prasidio literarum 
diligentiam in perdiaeendo ac me- 
morial!] remittant." De BeJJ. Gall. 
Lib. vi. c. 14. 

a Iolo MSS. p. -18. Copied by 
Meurug Davydd 1560-1600 from 
an old MS. in the Library of Ithag- 
lan Castle. 

1 Tolo MSS. p. 30. 

' Called also " 0« Lwr,"or Age 
Hook. MS. 

8 MS. 



PREFACE. 



En of 
Prydain, 
or tin.- time 
of lin-mo- 
rial. 



Documents 

referring (o 

the sii 1 



Conjecture 

and me- 
mory of 
countir, 



Memorial 
of compu- 
tation, 



Memorial 

and com- 
putation. 



But without laying much stress upon the statements 

of these authorities as to pre -historic memorials, or 
trying to reconcile apparent discrepancies, it is an 
undoubti-d fact that the Cymry in later ages were 
strongly impressed with the idea that the era of 
Prydain was the national era of chronology, which 
they termed " Ainser Gov a Chyvriv," or " Oedran 
" Gov a Chyvriv/' that is, the time of memorial and 
computation, or the age of memorial and computation. 
Several fragments remain in manuscript which refer 
to this matter ; and as they are in themselves highly 
curious, and also full of interest in respect of the 
subject of our inquiry, we will make no apology for 
making a few translated extracts : — 

" This is the mode in which the primitive teachers 
• made a record of times : — From the arrival of the 
" nation of the Cymry to this island it was the con- 
" jecture and memory of country and nation, for there 
" was no privilege attached to the guidance of the 
11 memorial of computation prior to the time of Pryd- 
' ;wu. the son of Aedd." 

'•' Before the time of Christ the Bards counted their 
'• time from the era in which Prydain, the son of Aedd 
" the Great, existed, that is, seven hundred years before 
" Christ ; and they would speak of the year of the 
" memorial of computation, as if they said, Christ 
" was born in the year of the memorial of computation 
*' 710, for it is true that that was the year. And 
" there was no memorial of computation before the 
" time of Prydain, the son of Aedd the Great, when 
" order and privilege were conferred upon Bards and 
1 what the Bards knew. And when the faith in 
'* Christ came, memorials were kept according to the 
a year of Christ." 

'• The age of memorial and computation was counted 
" from the time of Prydain, the son of Aedd the 
'•' Great, namely, four hundred and eighty years before 



PREFACE, xi 

'• the time when Christ came in the flesh. And when 
" Bran the Blessed, son of Llyr, introduced the faith 

" in Christ to the nation of the Cymry, time began 
" to be calculated according- to the years of Christ, 
" Some maintain that the periods of every proclama- 
'' tion of country and congress ought to he dated from 
" the time of Prydain, according to the usage of the 
'■ primitive Cymry ; others will have that and the 
" year of Christ together ; others will have none but 
" the year of Christ." ' 

It ought to be remarked that the latter portion 
of the preceding extract refers to practices or opinions 
as late as the middle of the last century. 

"Before the time of Christ's advent in the flesh Memorial 
" the Bards celebrated times according to the years of pulnt i"'" 
,: memorial and computation, that is to say, from the 
'• time of Prydain, the son of Aedd the Great, who 
i: was famous five hundred and sixty-six years before 
" the birth of Christ in the flesh. From that period 
" it is usual for the Bards to celebrate the time of 
" memorial and computation in conjunction with the 
" year of Christ. Prydain, the son of Aedd the Great, 
" as far as it is remembered and known, existed the 
" above mentioned time before, the birth of Christ, 
" and, according to the conjecture of the sages and well 
" informed herald Bards, six hundred and fifty years 
" after the first arrival of the nation of the Cymry 
' ; in the isle of Britain, that is to say, one thousand 
" two hundred and sixteen years before the birth of 
" Christ, the nation of the Cymry first came into the 
" isle of Britain, and this is called Brut's time, for 
" the years of memorial and computation in old 
" times were reckoned conjccturally from the time of 
" Brut, which was about a thousand years after the 

demolition of the tower of Nimrod the Giant, and 



1 MS. of John Bradford, who flourished about 1700. 






Xll 



PRETA' I 



Edict of 
Arthur. 



• : about two thousand right hundred years after the 
expulsion of Adam and Eve from Paradise, namely, 
"' five (al. nine) hundred years after God had created 
" this world." 

The following is from a record of Henry the 
Seven tli's time : — ' 
a record " This Howel [i.e. Howel the Good] gave wise and 
vii "slime. " j uf4 ^ * aWH to ^ ne nation of the Cymry, and ordained 
<; that chronological records should be dated from the 
'■ year of Christ, the Son of God, and His coming in 
' : the flesh, as it is at this day." 

We may add, on the authority of a scrupulously 
faithful antiquary, and one that was deeply versed 
in the traditions of his order — the late Iolo Mor- 
gan wg, that king Arthur in his institutes of the 
Round Table introduced the age of the world for 
events which occurred before Christ, and the year of 
( 'luist's nativity for all subsequent events. 
Summary The summary of the preceding authorities, then, 
ot the pre- as gy, as fc Q y } x . ar U p 0J , the question we are in- 

Qiuhorities. vestigating, is this; — that previous to the time of 
Prydain there was no uniform and regular method 
of recording occurrences — that subsequently periods of 
time were computed from his era — that this mode 
was continued until after the introduction of Christi- 
anity into the island, when, to some extent, the year 
of Christ was adopted — that the Bards for the most 
part adhered to the old rule of Cov a Chyvriv until 
the time of Arthur, when events that occurred before 
the Christian era were enjoined to be dated aecord- 



1 Iolo MBS. p. 89. The date of 
this record may be ascertained from 
the fallowing passage in it : — 
•• From the time of Howel the Good 
•■ to this present near of the coro- 
•• tuition uf King Henry the VII, 



" the son of Edmund, the son of 
" Owain Tudur (all of them being 
" genuine Britons of the primitive 
M royal lineage) five hundred and 
•• forty-five years." 



PBEFACK. 2011 

ing to the age of the world, ami subsequent events 
from the Nativity— that Howel the Good ordained 
chronological records to be dated from the year of 
Christ *s coming in the flesh 1 — and that until a com- 
paratively late period the Bards were in the habit 
of dating the holding of their congresses sometimes 
simply from the era of Prydain — sometimes from 
that and the year of Christ conjointly, though it 
would seem that other events were chronicled by them 
invariably after the Christian mode. 

Though the language of these extracts would lead How their 
us to suppose that the Christian computation was t0 ^^L 
more or less adopted by the Britons immediately upon derstood. 
their conversion to the faith, we can hardly conclude 
that such was really the case, for it was not even 
established in Italy before the sixth century. Perhaps 
we ought to consider the authorities in question as 
referring in general to the time subsequently to the 
introduction of Christianity, without intending to 
ascribe the change of chronological usage to that par- 
ticular period — a view which receives support in some 
degree from what is said of Arthur, and his edict. 

But have we any early records by which we could The His* 
test the correctness of the above assertions ? There is T r jad„., 
every reason to- believe that a few of the Historical 
Triads are genuine memorials of Druidic times ; for 
though they might not have been committed to writ- 
ing until, perhaps, the twelfth century, yet it is very 
probable that they were respectively compiled, when 
the last event of each was still fresh in the memory. 
Internal evidence points to the remotest antiquity.* 



1 It is not quite clear -whether 
" dyfodiad ynghnawd," here lite- 
rally translated coming in Ike flesh, 
was meant by the chroniclers to ex- 
press the Annunciation, or simply 
the Nativity. 



8 " The Historical Triads have 
been obviously put together at 
very different times. Some allude 
to circumstances about the first 
population and early history of 
the island, of which every other 

b 



XIV 



PREFACE. 



Being thus framed, they would be publicly recited at 
the periodic festivals of the Bards, and the repeated 
I. citation would be the sure means of preventing all 
interpolation and corruption. Indeed written literal 
might be more easily tampered with in those days 
than oral traditions, thus, as it were, nationally stereo- 
typed. The only circumstance that would affect their 
transmission would be the impracticability of meeting 
in a national convention, as, no doubt, was the e 
during parts of the Roman domination. Whenever 
that difficulty offered itself, the duty of preserving 
such records devolved upon individual members of the 
Bardic Institute, meeting in groups of twos or fchr 
and interchanging communications, couched in the 
iiage of secrecy. 
The Triads The Triads furnish only the order in which occur - 
dates. ivnccs took place ; they afford us no clue as to the 

exact date when they severally happened, nor as to 
the length of the interval that elapse'd between each 
event. We may be allowed to suppose, however, that 
these particulars were in early times well known to 
the Britons from a reference to the Gorseddau, or 
Bardic congresses, which were held (efficiently) every 
three years, and that in this respect something like 
the (ircek Olympiad was in vogue ; but of this we 
have no intimation. 






li memorial has perished. The 
" Triads were noticed by Camden 
" with respect. Mr. Vaughan, the 
" antiquary of Hengwrt, refers them 
" to the seventh century. Some 
• may be the records of more recent 
" date. I think them the most 
" curious, on the whole, of all the 
'• Welsh remains." — A Vindication 
a f the Ancient British Poems, by 
Sharon Turner, Esq., F.A.S., 1803, 
p. 181. 



" The Triades of the Isle of 
" Britain, as they are called, are 
" some of the most curious and 
" valuable fragments preserved in 
" the Welsh language. They re- 
" late of persons and events from 
" the earliest times to the begin- 
" ning of the seventh century." — 
The Heroic Elegies, Sec, of Llyivarch 
Hen, by William Owen, p. viii. 



PREFACE. XV 

Great events alone were embodied in the triad ie Great 
records. Particulars of minor importance were most J^S^fjJ 
probably recollected from their relative connection the Triads, 
with the greater ones, but were entrusted to the h 
certain medium of song, or even to the unaided me- 
mory, and were consequently more liable to Buffer 
perversion from the lapse of time. 

From the Triads we turn to the Poems of the sixth Poems of 
centuiy, which are pronounced by all competent judges J^J* 
to be authentic productions of the times to which 
they are usually assigned. 1 Here again we fail to 
tii id anything like acknowledged chronology, though 
there are several allusions to the Triads, which prove 
that the triadic mode of perpetuating the memory of 
events was as old at least as the sixth century. 

Gildas, who, though he wrote in Latin, was ofGildas. 
Cymric extraction, being the son of Caw, lord of 
Cwm Cowlwyd in the North, leaves us in his Treatise 
" De Excidio Britannia? " hardly any trace of a chro- 
nological computation. The only event to which he 
assigns a date is that of the composition of his work, 
which he particularizes as being the 4-Ath year from 
the siege of Mount Badon, 2 thus confirming our theory 
as to minor events, that they were remembered from 
their association with national epochs. 

The Book, bearing the name of Nennius, contains Nenniu?. 
several chronological modes : — it calculates from the 
Creation — from the Incarnation and Passion — and in 
reference to some prominent or well-known event. 
There are allusions made in it to the number of 
years by which one event preceded and another 
followed the nativity of Christ. All this variety 



See especially Sharon Turner's 
" Vindication of the Ancient British 
" Poems." 



2 Cap. xxvi. According to An- 
nates Cambria: the battle of Mount 
Badon took place A.D. 510. 
b 2 



XVI 



PREFACE. 



Second 
edition. 



plainly shows that the mode of registering occurrences 
was still in a very unsettled state. 
First I 1 ' 16 earliest edition of Nennius, of which we have 

edition of an y account, was issued A.D. 674, as is inferred 
from the manner in which the Editor describes the 
then current year as the 647th from the Passion of 
Christ. 1 In this edition both the Nativity and the 
Passion arc taken as points from which computations 
are made. 

The date of the second edition is said to concur 
with the fourth year of Mervyn, king of Britain; 2 
that is about A.D. 823. In the Harleian Manuscript 
3859, as well as others, we have a specimen of the 
chronology of this period, in the following passages : — 
" Ab Adam vero usque ad Passionem Christi anni sunt 
" quinque millia ducenti viginti octo ; a Passione autem 
" Christi peracti sunt anni 796, ab Incarnatione autem 
" ejus anni sunt 832/' intended probably for 823. 
Again: — " A primo anno quo Saxones venerunt in 
" Britanniam usque ad annum quartum Mervini regis 
" supputantur anni ccccxxrx." 

The date of the third edition is A.D. 858, which 
in Chapter xr. is marked as the cuiTent year in this 
way ; — from our Lord's Incarnation to the Advent 
of St. Patrick into Ireland there are twenty-three 
cycles of nineteen years, and these make up 437 years ; 
from the Advent of St. Patrick to the cycle in which 



Third 
edition. 



1 Thus the " Historia " in the Va- 
iean reads : " Quando Gratianus 
' iEquantius Consul fuit in lioma, 
' quia tunc a consulibus Eomanoruin 
' totus orbis regebatur, Saxones a 
1 Guorthegirno, anno post Domini 
' Passionem trecentesimo quadri- 
' gesimo septimo suscepti sunt : ad 
' liunc quern (quo) nunc scribimus 
1 annum sexcentesimum quadrage- 
' simum septimum nunieramus." 



3 According to the best known 
authorities, Mervyn Vrych, or the 
Freckled, son of Kest, daughter of 
Cadell of Vale Hoyal, prince of 
Powys, is said to have succeeded to 
the principality of Gwynedd in 
right of his wife Essyllt, daughter 
of Cynan Tindaethwy, about A.D. 
SIS or 819. 






PREFACE. 



XVll 



we now are there are twenty-two cycles and three 
years in Ogdoad of another cycle, which make up 
421 years; in all 858. 

In fixing the date of the fourth edition, the Editor 
makes the following computation : " A Passionc 
" autem Christi pcracti sunt anni DCOCLXXX. 1 Ah 
" Incamatione auti-m ejus anni .sunt ncrrrvil ' usque 
" ad tricesimum annum Amirauhfc 3 regis Monies, i-l 
" est, Mon, qui regit modo regnuin Wcuedotias re- 
" gionis, id est Guernet ; faint igitur ab exordio 
" mundi usque in annum pnesentem 6108 ; " which 
makes the current year to be A.D. 907. 

The current year of the fifth edition is thus indi- 
cated: — " Ita simul fiunt ab Adam usque ad Prasdi- 
" cationem Christi et 15 annum imperii Imperatoris 
" Tiberii 5228. A Passionc Christi peracti sunt anni 
" .946. Ab Incarnatione autem ejus sunt anni 1)77." 

In the documents, to which' we have thus adverted, 
we do not discover any direct indication of a Prydain 
chronology ; at the same time they contain nothing 
which tends to contradict it. The usage might have 
been observed more especially by the Bardic frater- 
nity. Indeed we are in possession of chronological 
notices which profess to be in reality portions of the 
Register called " Cov a Chyvriv;" one in particular 
is printed in the collection known as the Iolo MSS. ; 
and though, in its present form, not older than A.D. 
1485, it purports to have been compiled on the ancient 
model. Thus runs the heading : — " Here follow the 
periods of memorial and computation, according to 



Fourth 

edition. 



Fifth 

edition. 



No traces 
of a Pryd- 
ain chro- 
nology in 
any of the 
editions of 
Nenuius. 



Memorial 
and com- 
putation. 



1 The numerals vary in most 
manuscripts. Those here supplied 
are concurrent with the year of the 
world 6108, according to the Euse- 
bian calculation. 



■ Anarawd was the eldest son of 
Hhodri the Great, and grandson of 
Mervyn the Freckled. He is said 
to have succeeded to the principality 
of (iwynedd, or North Wales, about 
A.D. 877. 



xviii PKEFACE. 

" the old system of the Bards of the Isle of Britain, 
" ;ts they were recorded and computed before the 
'•' nation of the Cymry obtained the faith in Chris! . 
i£ and after that were introduced memorial and com- 
" putation in respect of the time of Christ's coming 
" in the flesh, ;is is the case ill every country in 
" Christendom." And at its close is this sentence ; — 
" And thus is the information relating to the periods 
" of memorial and computation of years, and the 
" events of those years, as verified by scrutinizing 
" investigation in respect of well-known and parti-. 
< - 1 1 1 .- 1 1 • yi-.-irs and times, which were warranted by 
• memorials and records drawn up according to the 
'' direction, memorials, and sciences of ancient wise 
" men, literary persons, and the sciences of letters." 1 
Chrono- In this clironicle the number of years which 
d^n,^, 1 elapsed between remarkable epochs only is record' d ; 
so that the date of a distant event is not computed 
directly from Prydain, but is ascertainable in re- 
ference to him by the process of adding up the 
numerical lengths of the several stages, which make 
up the intermediate series. Thus, if we wished to 
know how many years after Prydain Beli the Great 
flourished, we should have to add up the following : 
— twenty-nine years, which happened between Pryd- 
ain and Dyvnvarth; a hundred and twenty -eight 
between Dyvnvarth and Gwrgan Varvdrwch; two 
hundred and four between Gwrgan and Morydd ; 
forty-seven between Morydd and the period of Owen 
and Peredur ; a hundred and eighteen between the 
death of Peredur and Blegywryd ; and seventy-nine 
years between Blegywryd and Beli the Great; and 
accordingly we should arrive at the year 005. In this 
respect, indeed, it countenances the supposition that 



1 See Iolo MSS. p. 36. 



PREFACE. n 1 1 

the mode of computing from remarkable eras, adopted 
in Gildas and Nennius, was in reality founded upon 
the Prydain ohronology. 
It is remarkable that the Beveral editions of Nen- Mutual 

..... .in lii Bunuwitv 

nius, occupying a little more than three hunared ,,,,],,. 

exhibit o great similarity one to the other in ■*!^* 1 ,. 

the manner of chronicling events. Perhaps, this may NennJiwin 

"•counted for on the supposition that the editors I"" 1 " ™ 

1 ' _ enrono- 

lessively did not consider themselves at liberty to iogy. 
deviate to any considerable extent from the rule 
adopted by their respective predecessors, — that they 
were impressed with the opinion that the mode of 
chronology, as well as the language of the narrative 
should bo disturbed as little as possible. We per- 
ceive, however, a general tendency in (hem all to 
make the Christian era the grand point of chro- 
nology, especially for events which happened subse- 
quently to the Nativit}', though without discarding 
the year of the world. Both being thus in BOme 
degree coupled together would seem to substantiate 
the tradition about Arthur and his royal edict. Even 
Aflser, ' who generally dates from the Incarnation, 
might have derived the usage principally from his 
native land. 

\W do not mean to insinuate that the Britons The Welsli 
were in no respect influenced by foreign authorities Suencedly 
in the matters of arranging their chronological sys- foreign 
tem ; on the contrary, as Wales was in the sixth : " ,,1,l,,i,i(S - 
century studded with schools and colleges, in which 
the most eminent of our native saints and philo- 
sophers received their education, we think it very 
likely that these would avail them elv< of all means 
of knowledge within their reach, whether derived from 
the works of Eusebius, St. Jerome, Prosper of Aqui- 



•rdiog to the Welsh pedigrees, Asser wa* thi Bon of Tudwal, the 
bod ofRhodri the Great 



XX 



PREFACE. 



taine, or from Irish books. Such a course would 
have been quite in unison with the object of the 
Bardic Institute, of which St. David, St. Teilo, and 
St. Padarn, were members. ' There was nothing that 
they could borrow from the Anglo-Saxons before the 
time of Bede, who, however, was not born when the 
work usually assigned to Nennius was first issued. 

In the tenth century we find that they did bor- 
row from an Irish chronicle, at least in the matter 



Borrowed 

from an 

Irish 

chronicle, of events and transactions. 

Annales 
Cambria. 



The " Annales Cambria? " is the first approach to a 
regular register of Welsh occurrences that meets our 
notice, and is apparently the basis of all subsequent 
chronicles relative to the principality of Wales. The 
chronology of this document is designated by the 
repetition of the word " annus " for each successive 
year, whether blank or otherwise, whilst every tenth 
year is marked X. xx, &c. From a comparison of dates 
assigned to many of the events noticed in it by other 
writers, it would appear that the era on which its 
chronology rests would concur with the year 444 of 
the Incarnation. There is no reason given for this 
particular date; but if it refers to some incident in 
the apostleship of St. Patrick, it may be taken as an 
argument in favour of the Irish origin of the chro- 
nicle. The mission of St. Patrick was adopted as a 
chronological stage or epoch even in Nennius. 
When The " Annales Cambrias " is supposed to have been 

compiled. or iginally compiled in the year 954, at which date 

the chronicle ends in the oldest manuscript. 
By -whom. The writer was evidently a partisan of Owain, son 
of Howel the Good, as he affixes the pedigree of that 
Prince to his chronicle. 2 



1 " The three blessed Bards of 
" Baptism of the Isle of Britain ; 
•• Dewi, Teilo and Padaru." Triads 
of the Bards (unpublished). 



- The oldest copy of this chronicle 
is a manuscript in the llarlcian col- 
lection, No. 385'J. 



PREFACE. 



XXI 



After this there is a lapse of about two hundred 

years, during which little or no attention seems to 
have been paid to the History or Literature of Wales, 
the troublous state of the times being evidently un- 
favourable to the cultivation of the same. 

Towards the middle of the twelfth century Walter 
de Mapes, archdeacon of Oxford, a diligent enquirer 
after the antiquities of his nation, while journeying 
in Armorica, met with a History of Britain, written 
in Welsh. 1 Of this he published a Latin translation, 
which, coming under the notice of his contemporary 
Geoffrey of Monmouth, was by him much enlarged 
and embellished. 2 

The popularity of this version, which professes to 
treat of national affairs from the era of Brutus down 
to the abdication of king Cadwalader, seems to have 
added a fresh impulse to the study of British History. 
Geoffrey himself took an active part in promoting the 
movement, as he was well able to do from his posi- 
tion and great learning. At the end of one of his 



An inter- 
val of two 

hundred 

)<u'.N com 
paratirelv 
barren of 

Welsh 

literature. 

Walter de 

Mapcs's 

Chronicle, 



Geoffrey 
of Mon- 
mouth 
commis- 
sions ( 'ara- 
dogof 

Llancarvaa 

lo write a 
History of 
Wales. 



1 In Breton, according to a MS. 
History of the Kings of the 12th 
century, in the Library of Corpus 
Christi College, Cambridge. 

a At the end of the chronicle 
called " Brut Tysilio," printed in 
the Myvyrian Archaiology, vol. ii., 
occurs the following statement : — 
" I, Walter, Archdeacon of ( Ixford, 
" translated this Book from Welsh 
" into Latin, and in my old age I 
" translated it a second time from 
" Latin into Welsh." Such a pro- 
ceeding may, perhaps, be explained 
in this way : — that the archdeacon 
translated the -work in the first 
instance from the Armorican or 
Br< t"ii dialect into Latin, and finally 
translated this Latin version into 



Welsh. Tin's view is confirmed by 
the difference of language used at the 
end of a copy of Geoffrey of Mon- 
mouth in the Red Book, and in the 
statements appended to two other 
copies in the Myvyrian Archaiology . 
In the former it is said, "they have 
" not the Breton Book, which Wal- 
" tcr, Archdeacon of Oxford, trans- 
" lated from Breton into Latin," 
but in the two latter " they have 
" not that Welsh Book." Seeing 
that Breton and Cymraeg are 
kindred dialects, bearing very strong 
resemblance to each other, it is 
very possible that an enthusiastic 
Welsh writer should have considered 
the former as his own language. 






XX11 PREFACE. 

chronicles of the kings, a copy of which is inserted in 
tin; Red Book of Hergest, his purpose in this respect 
is announced as follows: — "The kings that were from 
" that time forward in Wales, 1 shall commit to 
• ( 'aradog of Llancarvan, my fellow student, to write 
" about ; and the kings of the English to William 
• Malrnesbury and Henry Huntington. I shall d 
" them to be silent about the kings of the Britons, 
" since they do not possess this Breton Book, which 
" Walter, archdeacon of Oxford, translated from Breton 
' into Welsh, which is truly a collection of their his- 
" tories, in honour of the said princes." 
The <om- Two copies, which are printed in the Myvyrian 
l'! 1 ^"" 1 Archaeology, vol. ii., have their endings somewhat dif- 
worded in ferently worded from the above. Here the commission 
™?\ given to Caradog is spoken of in the past tense, in 
the one copy thus: — "The princes who were after- 
" wards successively over Wales, I committed to 
" Caradog of Llancarvan ; he was my contemporary, 
" and to him I left materials for writing that book. 
" From henceforward the kings of the English and 
" their successors I committed to William of Malmes- 
" bury and Henry of Huntington, to write about; 
" but they were to leave the "Welsh alone; for they 
" do not possess that Welsh book, which Walter, 
" archdeacon of Oxford, translated from Latin into 
" Welsh ; and he narrated truly and fully from the 
" history of the aforesaid Welshmen." The close of 
the second copy is much to the same effect, though 
there is evidently an unintentional omission in respect 
of William of Malrnesbury, and Henry of Huntington. 
Caradog It would appear from a comparison of these state- 

im' 1 .' °been° inents nofc 01li y t ' iat Ceoffrey had actually entrusted 

dead before Caradog with the task of compiling the Chronicle of 

'"' the Princes, before he himself had finished the copies, 

which are printed in the Myvyriam Avchaiology, but 



PBBFAOB. 



xxiii 



that Caradog was now dead. " He wcw my contain* 

" porary," is the expression used. In that i 

Caradog must have ended his life before 1152, whirl. 

is the year in which Geoffrey is said to have died.' 

The particulars of Oaradog's life are very few, drawn u&af 

from fragmentary sources of various degrees of eredi ( "'•" 1 "r'- 

bility. He was the son of Llevoed, 9 who was the 

domestic bard of Clrufl'udd, son of Morgan, son of 

Iestyn, prince of Glamorgan; his native place being 

the present county of Brecon, where lie was born 

about the middle of the eleventh century. The first 

time, however, that he attracts our particular atten- Sida with 

tion is as a partisan of Iestyn, in whose services he ,l '-'}"- 

lost his lands ; but whether this was before the return 

of Rhys, son of Tewdwr, from Armorica, in 1077. 

when that prince made war upon Iestyn, or at some 

other time, is not clear. Aeeording to one account In favour 

Caradog was high in favour with Rhys, until, owing ouLrato 

to some differences that arose between them, he took with him 

otfence, and retired into a monastery. Another and a J 1 /, 1 ,',, 'J '',!„* 

more probable account says, that, because of the losses uastcry. 

which he suffered under Iestyn, he transferred his alle- ^''''.W!' 1 

J ' Gruffudd, 

glance to Gruffudd, the son of Rhys, son of Tewdwr, son of 

but that a misunderstanding ensuing between Rhys, ys " 



1 Gwentian Chronicle apud Myv. 
Arch. v. ii. 

- Llevoed Wynebglawr, or with 
the Flat Face. One of his composi- 
tions, being ;> moral piece, entitled 
" Gosymdeith," or the Journey 
of Life, is printed in the first volume 
of the Myoyrian Archaiology. h 
w 'iild appear almost incredible that 
Llevoed should have been attached 
to the household of a grandson of 
Iestyn, and yet that his son should 
have served under Iestyn himsclf.did 



■we not consider the great age of the 
prince of Glamorgan, when he died. 
He is said to have married Lis lir.-l 
wife A. 1). 994, and to hare died at 
the age of 111 (according to others 
129) " leaving behind him nine 
" sons and daughters, sixty six 
- grandchildren, one hundred and 
•' forty-one great grandchildren, 
•' two hundred and nine great 
" great, grandchildren, and fifteen 
" great, great, great grandchildren." 






XXIV 



PREFACE. 



Possesses a 
bad temper. 



Death of 
Ieslyn. 

G ruffudd, 
son of 
Khys. 



Khys, son 
of (i ruf- 
fudd. 



Date of 

Caradog's 

death. 



the son of Gruffudd, and himself, lie forsook him also, 
and became a monk. If we may judge from these 
angry outbursts, he does not seem to have been endowed 
with the best of tempers ; on the contrary they indi- 
cate a vindictive and selfish spirit ; though, if the 
latter account be the true one, he did not abandon the 
cause of Iestyn, until it had become absolutely hope- 
less. For the veteran, on being dispossessed of his 
territory by the Normans, in 1089, retired from public 
view, and died at Keynsham, at the patriarchal age 
of a hundred and twenty-nine yeare. 1 

Gruffudd, who had been brought up in Ireland, 
crossed over into Wales in 1113. His arms were di- 
rected chiefly against the English, Normans, and 
Flemings, whom he defeated in numerous battles. 
Having at length succeeded in recovering his domi- 
nions, he celebrated the event by a splendid feast 
at his palace of Ystrad Towy, to which he invited all 
who could come in peace from every part of Wales. 
The remainder of his reign he spent in reforming and 
enforcing the laws of his kingdom. His death took 
place in 1136, when he was succeeded by his son Rhys, 
with whom Caradog quarrelled, but for what reason, 
we are not told. It had the effect, however, of driv- 
ing him to seek the monk's cowl in the church of 
St. Teilo at Llandav ; from thence he retired to the 
desolate church of St. Kened, thence to St. David's, 
where he was made priest. He finally ended his life 
as abbot of St. Ishinael's, in the present county of 
Pembroke. 

The date of his death is usually placed in the year 
115G. A chronicle in the Red Book of Hergest places 
it about three years later : but according to the tenor 



1 According to one authority, published iu the Iolo MSS. p. 22, his age, 
when he died, was 111. 



PREFACE. 



XXV 



of some of Geoffrey of Monmouth's announcements, 
Appended to his Chronicle of the Kings, lie must, as 
before observed, have died prior to the year 1152, 
unless we suppose that this is incorrectly assigned as 
the year of Geoffrey's death. 1 

Giraldus Cambrensis informs us that Coradog was His burial 
buried in the north transept of St. David's Cathedral, £2iS? 

I (. .1 III HI I /..I * 

near the altar of St. Stephen. 2 He was canonized bytlon. 

Innocent III., at the instance of Giraldus/ 1 and miracles 

are said to have been wrought at his tomb. 

Oaradog inherited the poetical genius of his father, His poeti- 
,..,., -, i eal compo- 

and is said to have composed many good songs, : . ilill|IS> 

according to the art which prevailed in his time. There 
is a poem, of which he is reputed the author, printed 
in the My curia it Archa.iology, vol. iii. p. 144; it is 
addressed to his friend and contemporary Gwgan the 
Bearded, the bard of Iestyn, and is followed by 
Gwgan 's answer, likewise in verse. " Englynion yr 
,; Asswynau" and "Englynion y Gorugau " are also 
attributed to him; but according to some authors the 
latter were the production of his father Llevoed, 
whilst in the Iolo MSS., where they are printed, 
they are said to have been composed by Geraint the 
Blue Bard. Be that as it may, Oaradog is better 
known, and more particularly distinguished among men 
of letters, as the compiler of " Brut y Tywysogion," 
or the Chronicle of the Princes. 

Geoffrey's acquaintance with Oaradog might have Geoffrey's 
originated from his connection with Walter, archdeacon J^^Sa 



1 The learned editors of the His- 
larii and Antiquities oj' Saint Daviii'.s, 
referring to Nova Legenda Anglia, 
fol. iv., ns their authority, place the 
death of Caradog in 1 1 24. 

- " Kt sic Mcneviam corpus al- 
" latum crebra miracula tain pro- 
" scj;tium quain scquentium quoqoe 



" coruscatione, in ecclesiam Sancti 
" Andre.'c Sanetiijue David ala si- 
" nistra juxta altare Saneti proto- 
" martyris Stephani, dehita est 
" celebritate tuuiulatum." — Ciral- 
dua Itin. ( 'ambrice I. c. ii. 
3 Anglia Sacra, II, p. 547. 



XXVI 



PREFACE. 



Caradog 
accounted 

for. 



Considers 
liim quali- 
fied to 
write a 
History 
of the 
Princes. 



of Oxford, who became a resident at Llancarvan, 
according to a Welsh account, in the following 
manner. Walter de Mapes, chaplain to Henry the 
First, was the second son of Blondel de Mapes, who 
accompa niad InUhumon, and acquired the lands of 
Gweirydd, son of S. isyllt, lord of Llancarvan, but had 
tin- generosity to marry Flur, the only child of Gweir- 
ydd that was living, by whom he had two sons, 
Hubert and Walter. Hubert dying without heirs, 
Walter inherited after his In-other, and built the village 
of Trev Walter, now Walterston, and a mansion for 
himself. He restored most of the lands which he be- 
came possessed of to the original proprietors, and built 
the present church of Llancarvan. 1 

Being thus introduced to him, and finding Caradog 
of a similar turn of mind to himself, and engaged in 
tin- same literary pursuits, for, as Pitsius observes, 
" uterque fuit natione Britannus, uterque etiam simi- 
" libus studiis deditus, uterque elegans Poeta, eloquens 
" Rhetor, Historicus non contemnendus ; "• it is but 



1 Walter de Mapes, in addition to 
other benefits which be conferred 
upon bis adopted country, wrote a 
\. t_\ sensible treatise on agriculture 
in Welsb, which is extant in several 
manuscripts. 

2 Jo. Pitsius, de Illustribus An- 
gliffi Seriptoribus, p. 215. ed. Paris. 
16 10. Tbe author further enume- 
rates the books which Caradog 
■wrote; — '"Nam scripsit de regibus 
Wallise, qui regnare ultra monies 
cceperuDt, postquam e rcliqua Britan- 
nia per Auglos et Saxones expulsi 
fuerunt ; incipiensque ab Idwalla 
primo post Cadwalladrum Venedo- 
tariini rcgulo, scripsit res gestas 
Britannorum per annos quadringen- 
tos circiter et sexaginta usque ad 



suam BBtaiem. Juxta disticon, His- 
toriam Brilonum doctus scripsit His- 

toriam Brilonum, librum latum. MS. 
Cantahrigiaj in Collcgio S. Bcnedicti. 
JJe situ orbis, librum nnum. Com- 
mentaries in prophetias Merlini, 
librum vnum. Xondum autem ad 
hunc locum. Vitani Oildee Albaiiii, 
liorum nnum. Navus fit rex Picto- 
rum nobil. Quem librum hoc 
sequente distico conclusive perhi- 
betur : 
' Histories veteris Giltlce luculentus 

a r a tor 
Hat: rvtulit, patVO carmine plura 

itotans.' 
Claruit Caradocus anno gratia 1 150, 
sub perturbato in Anglia Steghan 
regno." 



PREFACE. 



\\\ 11 



natural that Geoffrey should have considered the 

Welsh stud, ill of Llancarvan as eminently qualified to 
compile the work he bad in view, and for which he 
in a groat degree supplied him with materials. 
There are several copies of the Chronicles of the General 

PriiK.vs preserved in MS., all of which, whilst they J' 1 ,^.""" 1 
differ more or less in style, generally agree in matter, chronicles 
with the exception of one, which differs so completely toCaradog. 

from the others, both in style and narrative of facts, 
as to lead to the belief of their being the works of 
different writers. 

We are informed by Cutfcyn Owain, a bard and Testimony 
herald, who flourished in Che fifteenth century, 1 that , ( 'JJ. , 1 |' 1 ' I '- V " 
Oaradog terminated his labours in the year 1156, and 
that the successions and nets of the princes of Wales 
were subsequently registered in the monastic establish- 
ments of Strata Florida and Conway. The event, 
thus recorded yearly were conferred together ordinarily 
every third year, when the bards attached to those 
two abbeys went from the one to the other in the 
time of their clera, or triennial visitation/ 

These particulars, in addition to such other facts as Guides 

may be supplied from an examination of the different '! ,w ;. mls 

... • , ■ ,. t nndingoul 

compositions, must guide us in our efforts to discover the nuthor- 

the real authorship. We will now, therefore, cursorily f,[' v "' ','"' 

review the principal characteristics of the various of the 

forms which have reached our times. rftices. 

The manuscript which differs so considerably from TheGwen- 

the others, was found in Glamorganshire, and has ":"' ( '"'"" 

been published in the Myvyrian Archaiology, vol. ii. 



1 Guttyn Owain was historian 
and herald bard to tbe abbeys of 
Uusingwerk and Strata Florida, and 
resided alternately in those two 
monasteries, lie was the second 
person named by Henry VJJ. in 



the commission to enquire into the 
pedigree of his grandfather, Owain 
Tudor. lie died about 1480. 

-All the details of the Bardic 
visitation Mere regulated by statute. 



xxvm 



PREFACE. 



Jt professes to relate " how wars and paramount 
" occurrences, revenges, and remarkable incidents, 
" took place ; extracted from the old preserved records, 
" and regularly dated by Caradog of Llancarvan." ' 
From this heading we might expect satisfactory and 
i mi i elusive grounds for pronouncing the work, or 
rather the former part of it, to be the genuine com- 
pilation of the historian of Llancarvan. The chronicle 
terminates in 1196 ; but here comes the difficulty, that 
no perceptible discrepancy enables us to trace the 
language of more than one writer. If, therefore, part 
is to be attributed to Caradog, for it is not reasonable 
to suppose that he was the compiler of the whole, a 
subsequent author has added an indefinite portion, not 
distinguishable from the prior part. The language, 
indeed, though modernised in its orthography, may 
well be considered as that of the twelfth century, 
which was, perhaps, the most resplendent period of 
Welsh literature. It may also be that of the sixteenth 
century, as in its orthographical form it undoubtedly is. 
It is veiy much the same as that of the Historical 
Triads, which are said to have been " taken from the 
" book of Caradog of Nantcarvan, and the book of 
" Ieuan Brechva/' 2 
Want of But though the language is uniform throughout, 

ta the man- tn, ' re is a difference perceptible in the manner of 
nerofre- recording events from about the year 1150 to the 

cording 
events. 



1 To this heading is added in the 
Myvyrian Archaiohgy the follow- 
ing statement relative to the source 
whence the copy in question Mas 
obtained : — " The above history 
was copied from the Book of George 
Williams of Aberpcrgwni, Esquire, 
by me Thomas Richards, curate of 
I.Iangrallo, in the year 17G4. And 
I Iorwerth, son of Iorwerth G wil ym. 



copied it out of the Rook of the 
Rev. Mr. Richards in the year 1790; 
and rccopied it for Owain Myvyr, 
in the autumn of the year 1800." 

'"These Triads were extracted 
from the Book of Caradog of Nant- 
garvan, and from the Book of Ieuan 
Brechva, by me, Thomas Jones of 
Tregaron; and this is all I could 
find of the three hundred — 1601." 



PREFACE. xxix 

end, The narrative in this interval is much more 
meagre and cursory than that which occupies the 

former part of the wale, and we fain would trace in 
it the finger of a di lie. rent writer. 

The year ll.*)() coincides so nearly with the date at Thedateat 
which, according to Guttyn Owain, Caradog finished 3«tniicle 
his chronicle, that we hesitate not to accept it as the <•' 'Caradog 
true date, especially as we have another chronicle, pur- 11 
porting to have been "taken from the books of Caradog 
" of Llancarvan, and other old books of information," 
which absolutely terminates at that very period. 

It is not improbable; indeed, that some of his earlier Different 

copies ended in 1150, and that transcripts were made posed to 

by him a little before his death, to which the inter- llin 'V t c,,,k " 1 
J at different 

mediate events were added. times. 

We cannot from any internal evidence inter thai TheGwen- 
this was a copy of the register, which was deposited ^of^g 
either at Strata Florida or Conway, and yearly monastic 
augmented by the inmates, there being no allusion ( "'°" H ' I( ' S - 
whatsoever to either of those two establishments. 

It seems then that the only conclusion which we inferred to 

are warranted in arriving at is, that the chronicle in tearevised 

, . , .-, , edition <>f 

question is the real production ot Caradog, but re-the-workof 

vised more or less, and thoroughly recast, as to the ' ; ' r '" J ""' 

style of language, by a person living subsequently to quenily to 

a.d. 1196, who, moreover, added the entries of the 1190, 

last 46 years. 

Another chronicle, already alluded to, bears theTheChro- 

title of " the Chronicle of Ieuan Brechva. A record of gjjj^ 

" princes, battles, remarkable events, revenges, and Brechva. 

" other notable occurrences ; taken from the books of 

" Caradog of Llancarvan and other old books of in- 

" formation." ' It differs in some instances from the 



1 " Out of the Book of Rhys 
Thomas, printer." My v. Arch, 
vol. H. p. 470. Ieuan Brechva was 



an eminent poet, historian, and 
herald of Cacrmartbcnshire, who 
died about 1500. 



XXX FACE. 

other chronicles, but in general agrees with the pre- 
ling one. The notices are very meagre, and the 
whole work is evidently an abridgment, 

i i in Brechva, the author, flourished in the 
ii,,„. ' teentli century. He concludes the epitome under 

consideration with the year 1150, a fact which, in 
conjunction with the difference to he perceived in the 
copy just examined, leads to the supposition that this 
also was founded upon the same basis. 

Indeed, if this chronicle had professed to have been 

racted from the works of Caradog alone, there 

work of could have been but little difficulty in the matter ; 

'"'"""' but, the mention of "other old books of information" 

would indicate a certain amount of tampering Avith 

the original text of Caradog. 

TbeChro- A chronicle, of which numerous copies of consider- 

™™*®jf heP able antiquity are in existence, the most extensively 

Floridaor diffused over Wales, and which must certainly have 

conway" originated either from Strata Florida or Conway, 

demands attentive consideration. It has no proern, 

similar to the above, hut immediately enters upon the 

subject, and the narrative is carried on in an uniform 

style to the year 1120. At this period a remarkable 

alteration is strikingly perceptible ; the narrative of the 

events of the twenty years included between 1100 and 

1 1 20 occupies a space double to that devoted to the 

history of the period which elapsed between 1120 and 

I 161, the date of the foundation of the monastery of 

Strata Florida. The prior portion is written by a 

person favourable to the Normans, or fearful of giving 

offence to them. He remarks that " William defended 

" the kingdom of England in a great battle, with an 

■ invincible hand, and his most noble army" (p. 47), 

and died " after a sufficiency of the glory and fame 

" of this transient world, and after glorious victories 

and the honour acquired by riches" (p. 53). "A.D 

11 1091, Rhys, son of Tewdwr, king of South Wales, 



PIIEF.M I ■'. XXXI 

" was killed by the French, who inhabited Breeheiniog. 
'• and then fell the kingdom of the Britons' 1 (p. 55). 
About 1113, Gruffudd, son of Rhys, aspired to his 
father's possessions in South Wales, and at the eom- 
menceinent of his career dcstroj'ed some of the Norman 
castles. This success, according to the historian. 
incited "many foolish young men from every part to 
" join him, being deceived by the desire of spoils, or 
" seeking to repair and restore the British kingdom. 
" But the will of man does not avail anything unless 
" God assists him." (p. 12.").) This lias evident allu- 
sion to the transference of the " British kingdom 
to the English sovereigns on the death of Rhys, the 
father of Gruffudd, intimated before. He then narrates 
a successful expedition by Gruffudd against the garrison 
of the castle of Caermarthen and the castle of William 
de Londres in Gower ; he observes, " that as Solomon 
" says, the spirit becomes elevated against the fall 
" of man," Gruffudd "prepared, being swollen with 
" pride, and with the presumption of the unruly 
" rabble and the silly inhabitants, to arrange foolish 
" expeditions from Dyved into Ceredigion, and to take 
" the part opposed to equity, being invited by Cedi- 
" vor, son of Goronwy, and Howel, son of Idnerth, 
" and Trahaiarn, son of Ithel, who were near in 
" proximity of kindred and acquaintance, and who 
" agreed that he should have dominion." And above 
all, "fearing to offend King Henry, the man who 
" had subdued all the sovereigns of the isle of Bri- 
" tain by his power and authority, and who had 
'•' subjugated many countries beyond sea under hi 
" rule, some by force and arms, others by innume- 
" rable gifts of gold and silver j the man Avith whom 
" no one could strive but God alone, from Whom 
" he obtained the power." (pp. 128, 129.) He then 
describes the progress of Gruffudd in Ceredigion, and 
states "that the men of the country, instigated by 

c 2 



XXX11 PREFACE. 

" tlic devil, flocked to him suddenly, and as it 
" were of one accord," and spoiled and killed the 
Saxons there (\>. LSI). They then "without setting up 
" standards, a villain host, like a company of people 
" without counsel and without a commander, took 
'•' their course towards the castle of Aberystwyth," 
where they were defeated (p. 133). King Henry then 
sent for Owain, son of Cadwgan, and addressed him : — 
" My most lxlovi'l Owain, art thou acquainted with 
" that thief Grufludd, son of Rhys, who is like a 
" fugitive before my commanders ; for and because I 
11 believe thee to be a most loyal man to me, I 
" will that thou be commander of an army with 
" my son, to expel Gruffudd, son of Rhys, and I 
" will make Llywareh, son of Trahaiarn, thy com- 
" panion, because I place confidence in you two ; and 
" when thou returnest back I will properly reward 
" thee " (p. 135). This arrangement is, however, ren- 
dered inoperative by Owain falling in with an army of 
Flemings, headed by Gerald, who kill him (p. 139). 
Omissions. Although the narrative is very diffusive, and the 
occurrences of each year detailed at great length, we 
find not the slightest allusion to the conquest of Gla- 
morgan by Fitzharaon, 1 or to the reverses which his 
successor Robert, earl of Gloucester, experienced when 
he attacked his uncle Gruffudd, or to this earl's capture 
by Ivor Petit, and constrained departure from Cardiff, 
occasioned by the indignant resistance of the native 
population to the tyranny of their oppressors. These 
incidents, the latter of which a Welshman, truly 
attached to his country, would have exulted in re- 
lating, we are left to gather from other sources; the 
author of this work has omitted them. 



' The conquest of Glamorgan is detailed at considerable length in the 
(1 w.Titian Chronicle. 



PREFACE. xxxiii 

Still, perhaps, we ought to regard the spirit mani- Uis appa 
feated in respect of the Normans as arising more from t Till! i V V'^i- 
a feeling of consciousness in his breast of their being the Nor- 
neerss;iry and irresistible, instruments in the hands oounted" 
of Divine providence to punish the national iniquity for - 
of the Welsh, than from any spontaneous sympathy 
with them in their work of aggression. At times, 
indeed, sparks of patriotism do clearly burst out, as 
when the writer, observing the treacherous propensities 
of the Normans, indignantly indites, " as is the 
" manner of the French to deceive people by promises " 
(p. 121). 

About 1120 another writer, or else the same writer Difference 
under the influence of another spirit, for a bias is mente. " 
manifestly observable in favour of the Welsh, takes 
up the subject. Under 1124 we read that the same 
Gruffudd, previously so vituperated, was deprived of the 
land which the king had given him, " after he had 
" been innocently and undeservedly accused by the 
" French" (p. 153). Some encomiastic expressions are 
generally applied to the Welsh princes at this period. 
Under 1129 we have a notice of the death of Mared- 
udd, " the ornament and safety and defence of all 
" Powys, after undergoing salvatory penance of his 
" body and sanctity of repentance in his spirit, and 
" the communion of the body of Christ, and extreme 
" unction" (p. 1.57). These religious solemnities, men- 
tion of which is now for the first time introduced into 
the text, are henceforth repeatedly expressed to have 
taken place upon the demise of the princes of the 
three districts of the principality. In 1135, Owain 
and Cadwalader, the sons of Gruffudd, prince of 
North Wales, are said to be "the ornament of all 
" the Britons, their safety, their liberty, and their 
" strength ; men who were two noble and two generous 
u kings, two dauntless ones ; two brave lions ; two 
" blessed ones ; two eloquent ones ; two wise ones ; 



XXXIV l'KKFACE. 

protectors of the churches, and their champions ; 
" the defenders of tlie poor ; the slayers of the foes; 
" tli' pacifiers of the quarrelsome; the tamers of 
" antagonists; the safest refuge to all who should flee 
" to them ; the men who were pre-eminent in energies 
" of souls and bodies ; and jointly upholding in unity 
" tin- whole kingdom of the Britons." (p. 159.) A 
battle which took place at Aberdovey in the same 
year is described, in which, it is said, " the Flemings 
" and the Normans took to flight, according to their 
" usual custom," (p. 161). In 1136, the writer notices 
l!: death of GruffiK 1< I and styles him "the light and 
" strength and gentleness of the men of South Wnl< 
(p. 161). 
Not bacon- Having called attention to these facts, the question 
theideaof -'"''^s, arc they inconsistent with the view which 
< iaradog attributes to Caradog the authorship of this Chronicle ? 
author. We think not : on the contrary the change of bias 
from one political body to another, which characterizes 
the text, is in perfect harmony with what we learn of 
i Iaradog in the scanty memorials that have como down 
to us, though it would be difficult, no doubt, to recon- 
cile the order in which variations of this kind occur 
with that of his life. 1 
Difference Jfoj- besides such variations as are indicated by a 
style of change of sentiments, there is a difference here and 
composi- there perceptible in the style of composition. The 
chronicle commences A.D. 080. It does not give the 
events under each year, but under each decade as 690, 
700, 710, &c., and registers a series of occurrences 
without comment until BIX or seven years prior to 
lldO. At that period it commences the use of the 
phrase "Y vlwydyn rao wyneb," (the ensuing year,) 



1 Thus, one would have naturally 
expected, from whal is stated in hie 
||fe thai the in preaching of Graf 



fudd, son of Rhys, would have fol- 
lowed, rather than, as in the Chro- 
nicle, preceded his eulogy. 



PREFACE. xxxv 

before each year, under which events are recorded, 

until the next decade, successively, and the narrative 
is carried on in an uniform style to the year 1120. At 
this period again a remarkable alteration 18 very per- 
ceptible. As before observed, the narrative of the events 
of the twenty years included between 1100 and 1120 
occupies a space double to that devoted to the history 
of the period which elapsed between 1120 and 1164. 
There is nothing whatever to indicate a change of 
writers about the period which is usually assigned as 
the termination of Caradog's labours. 

The first part— the portion taken up in ro-istcring Scone <>f 
events to about the year 1100, may be considered i 
the History of the Principality, current in the different 
divisions of Wales. From that date it enters into b 
detailed account or occurrences in Gwynedd or North 
Wales, and Dyved or West Wales, particularly of ev< 
in Cardiganshire, and but very cursorily notices those 
of Gwent. 

If Caradog is to be considered as the author of the Difference 
chronicle down to about 1150 the variation in the" 1 ? ty ,' 

' t mid mil 

style must be regarded as a reflection of the original fbrnrit) of 
draught or copy, which formed the basis of his com- JJSnStSa 
pilation. And if no other writer could use a similar for. 
language in continuing the narrative, we are driven to 
suppose that the whole was a translation from the Latin. 

In the absence of any Latin transcript of this form, it The CUro- 
is difficult to decide whether the chronicle was indeed j^sed'tobe 
originally a Welsh compilation, or a translation. The Ian- :i ,l:ills 
guage of the Welsh text, at least at the commencement, the Latin. 

betrays a Latin origin; this is re Btrikingly ap] 

rent in the manuscript marked 0., in which the render- 
ing is frequently erroneous. Tims under 780, it has "gyd 
" ac OfTa," for cum or apud Ojfa, which are the expres- 
sions used in the oldest copy of the Annates Cambrics.* 



'Another version has <il> Ofl'a. The- proper Welsh would have been 
• gan Offa ' 



XX XVI 



PREFACE. 



Under 827, "vwa Deganwy " is evidently a mistaken 

ti;uisl;i(ion of arx Degaitliv'i , l found in a later ver- 

iou of the AwneUes. Under 863, Duta seems to Lave 

been tendered "bono;" and under 1096, Magnus is 

translated " Mawrus." 2 

The Book Wo have already intimated that this chronicle must 

nii.oiiMjy ] mvc corae fo, ua from either Conway or Strata Florida, 

In "British Antiquities Revived," by Mr. Robert 

Vaughan, we meet with quotations from a chronicle, 

styled by the illustrious author the Book of Conway ; 8 

these; excerpts are found in that which we are now 

considering. A great similarity in the productions of 

both establishments may be inferred from what Guttyn 

Owain says, namely, that the annalists of those two 

monasteries ordinarily compared their entries, one with 

the other, every three years. No copies which have 

ended to us, profess to be derived from either of 

those places, but the preponderance of internal evidence 

is in favour of a Strata Florida emanation. 

Reasons for The reasons which have led us to consider it as 

om-'chr'S having been derived from Strata Florida, have been the 

nicle io be following. — The prominent manner in which the foun- 

g^£ dation of the abbey is introduced to the reader; — "In 

Florida- " that year (1164), by the permission of God and 



' " Bwa " (of -which vwa is a 
mutate), is a bow or inch ; in Latin 
arena. 

2 From "niawr," great. L. mag- 

11118. 

:1 " The rest lie reserved to him- 
selfe, saving Dywalwern, a little 
piece of Cyveiliog, which he gave 
the Lord Bees, hecause (according 
to the Book of Conway) the report 
wenl that it stood within tiie confines 
of the said Kecs his dominions." 
Br. Antiq. Revived, Ed. 1S-34, p. 14. 
Compare this with what is said ill 
the Chronicle under 1166. Again, 



" And in the year of our Lord 1164 
(just 20 yeares before the date of the 
former Charter) as witnesseth the 
Book of Conway, it [i.e. Strata 
Florida] was first covented." Br. 
Antiq. Bev. p. 37. See under that 
year in the Chronicle. Further, 
li V.'knesse the office of being Jus- 
tice of South Wales, winch the king 
had given him three years before 
that peace at Gloucester, as the 
Book of Conway mentioneth." Br 
Antiq. Kev. p. 44. See Chronicle, 
p. ^U'.i. 



PREFACES, xwvii 

" the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, came a con- 
■ vent of monks first to Strata Florida:" (p. 203), 
and the brief way in which we arc informed that 
the establishment of Conway emanated from Strata 
Florida; — "In the same year (1186), about the 
" month of July, the convent of Strata Florida,'' 
or a society from Strata Florida, "went to lvhed- 
ynog Velen in Gwynedd/' (p. 233). In the margin of 
the manuscript marked E., this place is stated to be 
" Maenan," to which the monks of Abercomvay were 
removed by Edward I. — The number of local events 
narrated, interesting to the inmates; among which 
we may class the burials of twenty-two distinguished 
personages, including four abbots of the place ; whereas 
the number of similar occurrences, stated to have taken 
place at Conway, amounts to only five. — The mention 
of six abbots by name, one of whom, Gruffudd, made 
his peace with king Henry, and compounded for his 
dues (p. 335). We find no mention of an abbot of Con- 
way but once, that is to say, when the body of prince 
Gruffudd was delivered up to the abbots of Strata 
Florida and Conway, in London, and conveyed by them 
to Aberconway for burial (p. 335). We read, "1201, 
" on the eve of Whitsunday, the monks of Strata 
" Florida came to the new church ; which had been 
rt erected of splendid workmanship," (p. 257). Under 
1238, mention is made of the fealty sworn by the 
chieftains of Wales to David, son of Llywelyn, at 
Strata ^ Florida," (p. 327). Under 1254, we have the 
price of the great bell at Strata Florida ; and ] 280, 
the burning of the monastery. Many other entries 
might be adduced, to exemplify the great interest 
taken in registering incidents which occurred at Strata 
Florida, instances of which are rare in regard to Con- 
way. The above have been selected as the most pro- 
minent, and elucidatory of the source of the work in 
its present form. 



XXXV III 



l'KEFACi;. 



van tin.' 



Source of 
i laradog - 
materials. 



The Chro- As there seems then no doubt that the record we 
nicleoi have been discussing is the veritable chronicle of S( 
Llancar- Florida, we are Obliged, in the absence of any ( \ il > 
to the contrary, or which has not yet occurred to u 

•pt the statement of Guttyn Owain, that the basis 
or groundwork is none other than that which was laid 
down by Caradog of Llancarvan, at the instance of 
Geoffrey of Monmouth. In other words, that he com- 
piled the prior part, though we cannot tell exactly at 
what period his labours ended, or what amount of 
transformation, if any, it underwent at the hands of 
the monks, or bards attached to the establishment, who 
undoubtedly continued and completed the register. 

But whence did Caradog obtain his materials ? We 
are informed in the announcement appended to the 
Chronicle of the Kings that they were, at least some of 
them, supplied to him by Geoffrey, and that these were 
mainly contained in " the Breton Book, which Walter, 
" archdeacon of Oxford, translated from Breton into 
■' Welsh, which is truly a collection of their histories, 
" in honour of the said princes." In addition to this 
book, Caradog might have availed himself of the An- 
nates Cambrlcv;* indeed, there is every reason to 
believe that he did so ; also of, " other old books of in- 
" formation," which no doubt had been preserved in 
different parts of the country, whether in monasteries 
or among the Bards. The events that occurred between 
about 1077 and 1150 would come, more or less, under 
bis own immediate notice. From 1104 to the end the 
entries were continued regularly by the annalists of 
Strata Florida, who, in all probability also supplied 
the registers of the interval between the death of 



1 This -work is now being pre- 
pared for the press, and is intended 
to form one of the series of works 
published by the anthority of flu 



Lords Commissioners of Her Ma- 
jesty's Treasury, under the direction 
of i he Master of the Holls. 



PREFACE. 



XXXIX 



Caradog and the foundation of their own .society, from 
autlientic sour 

The chronology of the Strata Florida Chronicle is Chi 
regulated bj' decades. Down to nearly the close of^^ t ° '"' 
the eleventh century, thore is nothing whatever to Florida 
distinguish the intermediate years. From that period 
forth they are discriminated respectively by the simple 
phrase "the ensuing year." This chronological arras 
ment seems to have been copied from the Annates 
Cambriai ; an attempt having been made by the com- 
piler to adapt the decennary notation observed in 
that work to the era of the Incarnation. It has, how- 
ever, been so carelessly executed that, the intervals 
which, according to the Annates, should exhibit the 
events of ten years, at one time contain those of 
three, at another of sixteen years. 

The writer of the Gwentian version has, from some 
sources unknown to us, supplied the intermedial <• 
years throughout, which improving process of itself 
strongly indicates it to be of posterior date to the 
other. 

Powel, 1 in the preface to his " Historie of Cam- Xl|l|llii ,. (l| 
" bria," asserts the existence of upwards of a hundred copies. 



1 David Towel, lineally descended 
from Llywelyn Aurdorchog, was 
born in Denbighshire about the 
year 1552. Having completed his 
education at Oxford, and received 
holy orders, he was made vicar of 
Ituabon in his native country in 
1570, and prebendary of St. Asaph, 
and in the following year he ob- 
tained the rectory of Llanvyllin, 
which latter he resigned on being 
preferred to the vicarage of Meivod 
in 1579. The sinecure rectory of 
Llansant fraid in Mechain was added 
to his preferments in 1588. lie 
was now grown eminent for his 



learning, and took the degree of 
B.D. in 1582, and that of D.D. in 
1583. In 1584 he became chaplain 
to Sir Henry Sidmoutli, Lord 1 're- 
sident of the Marches of Wales, who 
had in his possession the unfinished 
translation of Caradog's Chronicle 
of the Princes by the eminent anti- 
quary Humphrey Llwyd. At his 
lordship's solicitation Dr. 
completed the translation, and en- 
riched the work with many valuable- 
additions. This was printed in 
1584 in 4to, and is the work referred 
to above, lie was also the author 
of " Aniwtationes in Ttinerariutn 



xl 



PREFACE. 



of the Chronicle of the Princes, " whereof," 
he says, " the most part were written two hundred 
" yeares ago," that is, about 1384. Time lias in the 
Lust two centuries and a half considerably lessened 
tin- number. Perhaps the assertion may have likewise 
been too unqualified, for it is evident that he did not 
accurately examine them, otherwise he would not 
bave stated that these records ceased in 1270, most 
of those now remaining terminating in 1282; the 
events of the last twelve years being detailed at con- 
rable length, which ought to have found a place in his 
compilation. The Chronicle of the Kings, at present, 
occurs much more frequently in libraries than the 
Chronicle of the Princes ; and it is probable that this 
was the case at former periods, if we allow the pro- 
portion which obtains in the British Museum and 
Hengwrt Collections, where copies of the former 
greatly preponderate, to have been general. In the 
Museum we meet with no Chronicles of the Princes 
in the Welsh language, and but three Latin tran- 
scripts ; at least sucli was the case a few years ago. 
Hengwrt library contains but three, and those Welsh 
which is the number inserted in the catalogue of that 
collection, drawn up in the time of Mr. Robert 
Vaughan, 1 the founder of it. The library of Glodd- 



( 'amhiiir, scriptum per 5/7. Giral- 
iluin Cambrensem." The same 
volume also contains " Annotationes 
in Cumbria: tlescriptionan per S. 
Qiraldum? and " De Britannica 
JJistorica rccte inteMgenda Epis- 
tolu." lie likewise published in 
1585, " Historia Britannica," or the 
British History, written by Ponticus 
Vinmius, in six books. Dr. Powel 
also rendered essential service to 
Dr. Morgan in the translation of 
the Holy Scriptures into Welsh, 



•which was completed and published 
in 1588. He died in 1598. 

1 Robert Vaughan was born in 
1592 at Hengwrt, near Dolgelley, 
in Merionethshire. He entered the 
university as a commoner of Oriel 
College, in 1612, but he left without 
taking a degree, and retired to his 
patrimony at Hengwrt, where he 
cultivated those studies that have 
rendered his name so celebrated, 
and of such authority on all subjects 
connected with Welsh history and 



PREFACE. 



Xli 



aith, which has been unaffected by fluctuations, has 
three. 

Nevertheless we have no reason to disbelieve the Welsh bis- 
general statement of Powel as to the great number ^"isa 1 ' 
of copies which existed at one time in Wales, though and 16th 

they probably differed mneli in style and phraseology, ,VM,,im ' s - 
owing to the variety of hands employed upon them. 
John Rhydderch, a poet and grammarian, who flourished 
from 1700 to 1730, hath given us a list of Welsh 
historians, who for the most part lived in the fifteenth 
and sixteenth centuries ; it is as follows : — 

" Richard Broughton, one of the Councell of the 
" Marches, writ concerning all England, and partes be- 
" yond the seas : who had a commission to search the 
" ancient records in White Hall (/he While Tower of 
" London) that were lost (i.e. could not be found) 
" 'per the Gentlemen and Poets. 

" George Owen, Lord of Kemmes, in Pembrook- 
" shire, hath writ concerning all Britain. 

" John Lewis, a Lawyer, bath write concemin 
" B. 

" Evan Lewis, ap David ap John, Esq'., hath 
" written concerning all England and Wales. 

" Thomas Jones of Tregaron, gent., hath written 
" concerning Great Britain. 

• " John Mil, of Tre'r Delyn, gent., hath written 
" concerning Great Britain. 

" Thomas ap Llewelyn ap Ithel, of Bodvary, in 
" Flint, hath written concerning all Britain. 



antiquities. To tLis end be Mas 
engaged in an extensive correspon- 
dence with persons of similar pur- 
suits, among whom were Archbishop 
Usher, Sir S. D'Ewes, Selden, and 
other eminent antiquaries. Jle 
formed at Hengwrt an unrivalled 
collection of Welsh manuscripts, 
many of which are of very early 



date. This collection was recently 
bequeathed by the late Sir R. W. 
Vaughan, Bart, to W. W. E. Wynne 
of Peniarth, Esq. M.I'. We have 
chosen, however, to retain the old 
designation, as being better known 
to the literary world. Robert 
Vaughan died in 1606. 



xlii 



PBBFACB. 



" John ap William ap John, 1 of the same county, 
" batb written concerning all Britain. 

" Sir Edward Hansel, of Glamorgan, knt., hath 
" written concerning Great Britain. 

" Sir Edward Stradling, k fc ., hath written concern- 
" ing all Britain. 

" Kees ap Moyrick, of Cottrel, gent., who was 
" author of one of the fairest and most inquisitive 
" books in all Wales, and he hath written concerning 
" all England. 

" Anthony Powel, of Tir yr Earle, hath written 
" concerning Great Britain.- 

" The names of the authorized Poets who hath 
" written concerning England and Wales : 

" Iolo Goch, Master of Arts, Poet Lawrell or Cheif 
" Poet, who hath written concerning the 3 provinces 
" of Wales, and he was the cheifest of Poets. 

" Howel Swidwal, Master of Arts, Poet Lawrel, or 
" Cheif Poet, who hath written concerning the three 
•' provinces of Wales, and made a fair choronology in 
" Latin, from Adam to Edward 1st, and write the 
" Welsh Choronickle, which was with Owen Gwynedd, 
" the Poet. 

" Guttun Owen, Poet Lawrel, of Maelor, hath 
" written concerning the three provinces, and his 
" Books be very faire. 

" Evan Brechva, of South Wales, hath written con- 
" cerning the three provinces of Wales. 

" David ap Edmond, Poet Lawrel, or Cheif Musician, 
" who win'd the Gold Chair, at the Excellent Con- 
" vocation or Sitting, South Wales. He lived at 



1 This was John Jones of Gelli 
Lyvdy, whose volumes of MSS. 
amounting to upwards of fifty, are 
now preserved in the Ilengwrt 
library. Among them is an exact 
copy, written by himself, of the 



Strata Florida Chronicle, which in 
all probability, is the history alluded 
to here. 

2 This is probably the Chronicle 
of the Saxons, alluded to in note at 
page xlvi, pout. 



NtKi''A( i xliii 

" Haiimer, and hath written concerning the three 
" provinces of Wales. 

" Gutto 'r Glynn, Poet Lawrel, Clieif Musician, one 
" of the Bards or Poets that belong'd to W m . Herbert, 
" sen., Earl of Pernbrook, and ho hath written con- 
" cerning the three provinces. 

" David ap Howel ap Howel ap Evan Vaughan, 
" Poet Lawrel, or Clieif Musician, hath written con- 
" cerning the three Provinces. 

" Howel ap Sir Mathew, Poet Lawrel, hath written 
" concerning the three provinces. 

" Griffith Hiraethog, Poet Lawrel, or Cheif Musician, 
" and Deputy at Armes over all Wales, under the 
" Garter ; he hath written concerning all Britain, and 
; bis Disciples had his Books, viz.: 

" W m . Llyn, Poet Lawrel ; Owen Gwynedd, Poet 
" Lawrel ; Simon Vaughan, Cheif Poet ; John Tudur, 
'•' Cheif Poet; W m . Cynwal, Poet; and John Philip, 
" Poet. And they all writt very industriously con- 
" cerning Wales, as appeareth per their Bookes, to this 
" very day. 

" Lewis Morganwg, Poet Lawrel, or Chcife Musician : 
" he hath written concerning the three proviip 
" and Meurig David, and David Benwyn, Glamorgan - 
" shire, Poets, had his Books, and they were fairly 
" written. 

" John Brwywnog, Poet Lawrel, or Cheif Musician, 
" of Anglesey, hath written concerning the 3 pr<>- 
" vinces. 

" John Wynn ap D. David ap Griffri, of Mont- 
" gomeryshire, gent., hath written concerning all 
" Wales. 

" Robyn Achwr, of Northwales, hath written con- 
" cerning the 3 provinces. 

" Maurice ap Dackin ap Pierce Treven, of Betus 
" Cadewen, in Powis, gent., hath written concerning 
" all. Wales. 



Xliv PREFACE. 

11 Rees Cain, of Oswestree, who was Wm. Llyn's 

" Disciple, and a perfect man, and lie hath written 

" concerning all Wales." ' 

Th.- text The work now presented to the public is that which 

Chronicle we believe to have come to us from Strata Florida* 

whence The text of it, marked A., has been taken from the 

Red Book of Hergest, now preserved in the archives of 

Jesus College, Oxford. At one time this manuscript was 

in the possession of the Mansell family, one of whom, 

Francis, was elected principal of Jesus College in 1020. 

It was lent by Lewis Mansell to Dr. John Davies, 

the. author of the Welsh Grammar, who removed it 

from Glamorgan into North Wales. It subsequently 

passed into the hands of Thos. Wilkins, who presented 

it to the Welsh College, at Oxford, in 1701. The 

manuscript is a large folio, magnificently bound in 

morocco, of a colour to correspond with its designation 

of Red Book. The name Hergest refers to the place 

where it was originally found, in South Wales. It 

consists of 1442 columns, there being two columns in 

each page, thus making 721 pages in all. Count de la 

Villemarque in his " Notices des principalis Manuscrks 

. " des Anciens Bretons/' 2 expresses his opinion that 

ii was written at different times, the former portion 

about 1318, indicated in column olC, the latter about 

l-io-i, in which year died Gwladus, whose elegy is sung 

by Lewis Glyn Cotlii, and is inserted in column 1401). 

The Chronicle of the Princes commences in column 

230, and belongs therefore to the former portion of 

the manuscript. 

Contents of The volume contains a variety of subjects; chronicles, 

Book. romances, popular tales, historic triads, treatises on 



1 The above list occurs at p. 91 
of John K'lydderch's MS, and is 
printed among the notes at p.331 



of Lewis Dwn's "Heraldic Visita- 
tion of Wales/' vol. 1. 

- Paris. Emprimerie rmperiale. 
1858. 



PREFACE. Xlv 

grammar, versification, and physic, as well as poems 
from the sixth century to the fifteenth, all of them 
being written in the Welsh language. 

This manuscript has been selected on account of its Collated 
being entire, and written throughout in the same dialect, J'^J. ot,u ' r 
the Dimetian, as the majority of existing copies. It 
has been collated with two manuscripts at Hengwrt, 
designated as B. and C, with the Cottonian manuscript 
Cleopatra, B. v., here marked 1)., and also with the 
book of Basingwerk, marked E., now belonging to 
T. T. Griffiths, Esquire, of Wrexham. 

The manuscript marked B. is a small quarto volume Descrip- 
on vellum, in the Hengwrt library. It is imperfect at li " 11 of 
the commencement ; but is the most correct of all the jj * 

manuscripts, and written in purest Dimetian dialect. At 
the commencement of each decade a place has been left 
for the illuminated initial. It is evidently older than 
manuscript A., as may be inferred not only from the 
character of the handwriting, but also from certain 
expressions used ; for instance, manuscript A. relates 
of a certain people "then they were dwelling about the 
" borders of the country" (p. 103), but the expression 
employed in manuscript B. is " they are still dwelling," 
which clearly points to an earlier period of time. It 
was probably written about the end of the thirteenth 
century. The variations in these two manuscripts are 
very few and unimportant, which makes it very pro- 
bable that one is a direct copy of the other. Fac 
similes of both are given with the present edition. 

C. is a Venedotian manuscript on vellum, agreeing Dc8cr | p . 
in matter with the preceding, but totally differing intionof 
phraseology. The chronicle is carried down to 1282, jJ anu8crl P« 
at which period there is a break to mark the termi- 
nation of the copy before the writer. The narrative is 
then continued to 1332. In addition to the Chronicle 
of the Princes this volume contains a religious com- 
mentary, a Welsh grammar, and poetical institutes, 

d 



xlvi 



■ . 



with some Welsh poetry. It was written about the 
sixteenth century. 
Deacrip- The manuscript marked D. 1 is a corrupted version 

manuscript °f tne preceding chronicle, amalgamated with the An- 
]) - mils of Win ton, in order to connect, and detail, con- 

temporaneous occurrences in England and Wales. The 
portion devoted to Welsh events is very carelessly con- 
structed, the facts being in many instances perverted, 
and the language frequently obscure. This manuscript 
is in the Cottonian collection at the British Museum, 
and is there marked Cleopatra, B. v. ; it is written on 
vellum, and may be ascribed to the latter end of 
the fifteenth century. 
Descrip- Manuscript E. is a compilation of a similar character, 
tion of it was written by the celebrated bard and herald 

manuscript ■* 

E. Guttyn Owain, and is styled m some catalogues, 

" The Book of Basing," on account of having been 
in the library of Basingwerk Abbey. The prior part 
of this manuscript contains an imperfect version of 
the Chronicle of the Kings, written about the end of 
the fourteenth century; to supply the deficiency Guttyn 
Owain added the remainder from a dissimilar copy. 
It was this manuscript that the Rev. Peter Roberts 
adopted as the foundation for his publication of the 
Chronicle of the Kings, 2 and he considers it to be alto- 



1 In the following extract this 
chronicle also is attributed to Cara- 
dog of Llancarvan : — " This is the 
History, called the Chronicle of the 
Saxons, composed by Caradog of 
Llancarvan, in Glamorgan, that is 
to say, a memorial of the kings of 
the Isle of Britain, who were Sax- 
ons, after the time of Cadwalader 
the Blessed, who was the last of 
the kings of the Britons, that had 
been kings of the island even from 
the time of Prydain, the son of Aedd 



the Great, until the time of the said 
Cadwalader, which was one thou- 
sand two hundred and fifty thee 
years, according to the Register of 
Memorials. And it was I Antony 
Powel of Tir Iarll in Glamorgan 
that wrote it from an old book at 
Plas y Bettws, which had been at 
Llwydarth. (The book of John 
Phillip of Treos)."— Welsh 3IS. 

- A Chronicle of the Kings of 
Britain, translated from the Welsh 
of Tysilio, 4to. 1811. 



PREFACE. xlvii 

gether a transcript by Guttyn Owain. He remarks the 
great change in the style at the part alluded to, l»ut 
did not notice the variation in the handwriting and 
orthography, which distinction is sufficiently obvious. 
Gnttyn Owain then adds the Chronicle of the Saxons, 
enlarging the genealogical notices, and carries it down 
to 1461. This differs in diction from manuscript D., 
but very little in matter ; both are taken from a 
common source, adapted by each writer to the idiom 
and literary language of his province. It is written 
on vellum, and is now in the possession of Thos. T. 
Griffiths, Esquire, of Wrexham. 

Inasmuch as manuscript B. is of older date, and Various 
therefore of greater antiquity than any of the other r,iU **■ 
versions, it has been deemed advisable to notice all 
its variations, however slight, with the minutest care. 
Owing to the very close manner in which it agrees 
throughout with the text, the Editor has been enabled 
to do this without much inconvenience. No such 
accuracy, however, has been, nor indeed could well 
be, observed with the verbal peculiarities of the other 
copies, except in the case of proper names. Indeed 
the collation of the last two, in consequence of the 
very wide difference they exhibit from the text in 
point of phraseology, has been mainly confined to mere 
matters of fact. All these additional facts have been 
incorporated with the text, wherever they would con- 
veniently cohere, being enclosed within brackets, but 
where this could not be well done, the variations 
form a second text. 

The mere verbal variations are referred to by a iiow 
small numeral, thus (') ; but such as form a second nol,c,(1 - 
text are marked by a small Roman letter, thus ( a ). 
These, as well as the bracketted words, are referred 
to their respective copies by a numeral. There is 
also used another mark, called a tick, thus (')• In 
the body of the text this mark shows the end of a 

d2 



xlviii PREFACE. 

ige, for which a various reading is to be found, 
and in tlie notes a corresponding tick has been 
placed immediately after the numeral. The brackets 
have not been introduced into the translation at all, 
the tick being made to serve instead. 
The trans- As to the translation, it has been attempted to 
a " <)n • render this as literal as possible, without becoming 
obscure, or doing much violence to the idiom of the 
language. The copious Glossary, which has been 
added, will greatly assist the curious reader in testing 
the fidelity with which it has been executed. 
Marginal The marginal chronology is taken for the most 
logy. l' ;ll 'k fr° m manuscript D., as far as that chronicle 

extends, that is, to about the year 1198. Afterwards 
it follows the arrangement of manuscript C, and thus 
continues to the end. 
The | It now remains that the Editor should tender his 

obligations, thanks to those kind friends who have in any way 
assisted him in preparing the present volume for the 
press. His special thanks are due to Lady Llanover, 
always foremost in every attempt to promote the 
literature of her native country, for access to valuable 
transcripts in her possession. He desires to express 
his great obligation to W. W. E. Wynne, Esq., of 
Peniarth, M.P. for the county of Merioneth, for leave 
to examine the Hengwrt MSS. at his house, when the 
late Sir "R. W. Vaughan, Bart., was suffering from a 
severe domestic affliction ; — to the Principal and Fellows 
of Jesus College, Oxford, for facilities afforded him in 
examining the Red Book of Hergest ; and lastly to 
his friend Mr. Kenward, near Birmingham, for assist- 
ance in the tedious work of compiling an Index to 
the whole volume 



VARIOUS HHADIXGS 



REFERRED TO IN 



The Copy of the Chronicle ok the Princes, which is 
printed in the Second Volume <»f the Myvyvian 

Arcliaiology, and which professes to be a tran- 
script of that in the Red Book of Hcrgest, made 
by "R. Davies," in the year 1780. 1 



Text. 



Page 


Lino 






-1, 


22 


( r6arclimaela6c 


'•• 


5, 


MaesydaGc 


- 


» 


20, 


Fferuaael 


- 


8, 


16, 


Bei 


_ 


>» 


j» 


Dyunl - 


- 


10, 


10, 


Tryffin - 


- 


J5 


»» 


Kern - 


- 


» 


15, 


Kynon 


- 


)> 


IT, 


RywynyaG 


- 


12, 


3, 


Satubin 


- 


H, 


o, 


ymeith 


- 


5> 


7, 


Nifcr - 


- 


•1 


9, 


Dubkyat 


- 


55 


24, 


D6ni<rnr(h 


- 



If), 7, Dwy vlyncd— Ruf- 

cin. 

18, 1, an 



Various Readings. 

Grarthmaelawc, D.P. MS. LI. 
MagedaOc, 1*. Maea Edawc, 

LI. .MS. 
Ffcrmael, D.P. Ffernael, LI. 

MS. 

Run. D.P. 

Dyfed, .MS. LI. 

Gruflyth, D.P. 

Run. 

Conan, D.P. 

RUyvonioc, D.P. 

Sal iirhin, MS. LI. 

Yinddcitli, MS. LI. 

Nifer, D.P. 

Dubert, D.P. 

Dwngarth, LI. MS. Dim- 
garth, D.P. 

Ac yiiiiy l'ii I'arw ( lad wei then, 
MS. LI. Ac y \iu farw 
llywcl y u Rhufein. 

Rufein, lb, 



1 These were not made use of in 
the body of the present work, because 
the Editor had no acetss to the MSS. 



from which they have been taken, 
and could not therefore vouch for 
their correctness. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 



Text. 



Vahiois Readings. 





Lim 


i 


18, 


■'■ 


v Saesson 


j> 


9, 


Rob Meilon - 


•• 


15, 


Dumciri 




19, 


( loruaOc 


m 


20, 


Guleuau 


•■ 


21, 


Kemallt 


■• 


51 


Langesy 


■■ 


•• 


■ ant 


20, 


7, 


Uercu - 


», 


16, 


Hennyrth 


j> 


22, 


Arthual 


11 


25, 


LOnbert 


11 


26, 


Morcheis 


•■ 


28, 


(')iyngen 


1] 


29, 


Eueurya 


22, 


H, 


Llanrwst 


•• 


20, 


Hayardur 


24, 


7, 


Tywyn 1 


•• 


18, 


dellis - 


26, 


6, 


ac y — Idwal 


>' 


18, 


gorescynnGys kyu- 
oetli. 


ii 


21, 


Cu-toniiliin - 


28, 


3, 


LlamvannaGc 


•• 


24, 


dinVnhOyt - 


11 


2.5, 


Gotbric a 


■1 


26, 


Ynys 


>1 


•• 


dellit - 


30. 


3, 


holl - 


32, 


11, 


Arthmarcha 



V Saeson, MS. LI. 

Molerain, D.P. 

Dinneir, MS. LI. Dinerth, 

D.P. 
Cannot, D.P. 
( iulenan, .MS. LI. Cukeinaii, 

D.P. 
Kyraalt, D.P. 
Latrines, D.P. 
Kengant, LI. MS. 
Nercu, MS. LI. 

Lunyll., D.P. 

Artlil'acl, MS. LI. Arthuael. 

D.P. 
Hubert, D.P. 
Moreleis, MS. LI. Marclois, 

D.P. 
Coiiiin, D.P. 
Eneurys, MS. LI. 

Llan Povsf, MS. LI. 

Yarthyr, D.P. 

Tywyn, MS. LI. 

Ddis. MS. LI. 

Ac y liu farw Idwallawn fab 

Einiawn, MS. LI. 
GorescynnGyt Cyfoetli, MS. 

LI. 
Custenhin Ddu, MS. LI. 
Llan Wenawc, MS. LI. 
Sic. in MS. LI. 
Gotbric. 

Tn vnvs. MS. LI. 
Del id, MS. LI. 
Dccst in MS. LI. 
Arthmarchan, MS. LJ. 



1 In. the Myvyrian copy this is 
written ty Wyn. 



2 Gorbric in copy. 



VARIOUS UKADINC.s. 



li 



Text. 



V IM01 S lvUADlNC.S. 



32, 


Lino 

23, Talarthi 


. . 


Talarchi, MS. 1.1. 


34, 


4, ydaeth 


- 


y docth, MS. LI. 


„ 


6, Eldryt 


- 


EUieldryd, .MS. I.I. 


■• 


12, Ac VII 


- 


Yna yn, MS. 1.1. 


36, 


3, y laG ehun 


- 


a In-. A1S. LI. 


•■ 


5, a 


- 


ae, MS. LI. 


>» 


6, goruchel 


- 


goruchaf, ATS. 1,1. 


V 


17. aoryssaut 


- 


oryssant, MS. LI. 


38, 


21, y GOyinl.vi 
24, waradOydue 
23, Lloeger 


i 


or ( : ds n< I % i. Ms. l.l. 

war adwydus. 

Lloeger a Skotland, MS. LI. 


40, 

» 


„ G-ermania 
3, Y vlOydyn 
8, HeumH 


- 


Norwaye, [b. 

Yn y vlOydyn, MS. I.I. 

Mernun, D.P. 


■? 


lo, lion no - 


- 


honno, MS. LI. 


42, 


24, yna 

1. dOyll - 
26, tref - 


- 


y,u.. MS. LI. 
brad, MS. LI. 
dref, MS. LI. 


46, 

■■ 


15, Mi nl io 
17, IiynaOH y 


- 


Niiiil.D. 

Iiynal'is wrlli y, MS. 1,1. 


5> 

48, 


21, genedloed - 
16, i'G<i Llywelyn 


kenedloed, MS. LI. 
rhwng (!i(»nw a Llywelyn 
meibon, MS. LI. 


GO, 


2, doolli 


- 


doel liinn, MS. LI. 


52, 


12, oludoed 




oludoed, ef a gladwyd yn 
nhrcf Ian yn Norraandi, 
MS. LI. 


56, 


20, Llych Crci 
8, brenMn 


- 


Diechryd, D.P. 

brenhin y Brytanieid, -Ms. LI. 


?> 


16, anriethaO 


- 


aiii'licillicMi, MS. LI. 


.38, 


16, lit?. - 


- 


a. heb, MS. LI. 


60, 


15, ITu - 


- 


lluw. 


62, 


2, brenhin 


- 


rrcnliiii. 


5' 


27, arall - 


- 


-I.lyn arall. MS. LI. 


64, 


5, y 


- 


y am y. M S. LI. 


5> 


Hi, ny — G-aer 


Wint - 


A<- o a gladdwyd yng Nhacr 








Wynt, MS. LI. 



1 war aiiw^dus in copy. 



lii 



TIIK CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 



Text. 



Various Rkadings. 



1 
64, 

>i 

66, 
68, 


Line 

24, 
26, 
20, 

1 I, 


gor - 
Prydcin 
decern — gj 

yulivn 


•iilaf 


goron, MS. LI. 
- Picteit. 

iicn o bobtu liynny, MS. LI. 
yn cibyn, MS. LI. 




20, 
26, 


urcnlijn ' 

ac 


- 


urenhin. 
- om., MS. LI. 


72, 


10, 


MOrchatl) 


- 


- Mwnliacli, MS. LI. 


•■ 


15, 

24, 


gOelei 

gaatell 


- 


- gwybod,MS. LI. 

castelJ i'r brenhin, MS. LI. 


74, 


26, 


Ac — y brenhin '- 


'■ - Ac yna y gelwit IorwoerUi 










nab Bledyn y Amwythic 










drwy dwyll i cyghory brcii- 
hin,MS. LI. 


76, 


6, 


kedernii 


- 


gedernid, MS. LI. 


n 


• • 


ac herliyt 


- 


a iechyd, MS. LI. 


>> 


16, 


gychwynni 


,M 


gylchynawdd, MS. LI. 


is 


9, 


GadOgaOn 


- 


Gwgawn, MS. LI. 


I* 


12, 


110S 


- 


- o»/.. MS. LI. 


•> 


20, 


mcint - 


- 


- faint, MS. LI. 


»> 


5J 


fdi 


- 


iddaw, II). 


5) 


21, 


lhiO - 




UaD. Ac ychydic, ainscv wedi 
h vim v y gwclcd dwy Icuad, 
y nai'U yn y dwyrcin ar Hall 
yn y gorllewin, MS. LI. 


80, 


10, 


davestygby 
diwed - 


S - 


- ddodes, MS. LI. 

- niwedd, MS. LI. 


>> 


12, 


ac 


- 


- gan, MS. LI. 


»> 


24, 


(MI 


- 


- om., MS. LI. 


»> 


26, 


gOlat - 


- 


- wind, MS. LI. 


82, 


II. 


hcdi6 - 


- 


- heddyw, MS. LI. 


81, 


8, 


yndaG - 


- 


- ynddi, MS. LI. 


j> 


12, 


hi 


- 


om., 11). 




17. 


kanys - 

GrthaO - 


- 


- yng nghylcli, MS. LI. 

- wrth. 


>> 


» 
29, 


yssyd - 

y- 


- 


- a oeddynt, MS. LI. 

- yn, MS. LI. 



1 This word is omitted in copy. 



■ Omitted in cop;/. 



VARIOUS READINGS. 



liii 



Text. 



Pago 


Lino 


88, 


22, Cornnec 


•■ 


26, roig 1 - 


90, 


9, ymgevydu 


J> 


10, dywedul 


■• 


„ y neb - 


'• 


„ ymgedymdeitboe* 




an. 


>J 


19, offeirai • 


>> 


20, agkyweithas - 


92, 


4, MGrchath 


j) 


17, Ridit - 


94, 


1 1, ac ny — brenhin 


J5 


18, daly - 


)' 


20, dalo6d - 


») 


17, yfcyghetiieu - 


98, 


15, mi- 


102, 


5, oedynt- 


106, 


27, ac adaO — tan 


108, 


11, hyrvGyd 


110, 


19, Madavc 3 


>> 


25, yspiwyf yno - 



„ 27, a dala - 
112, 2, Ynuy deulh 
„ 8, Bid - - 



V.UMOVS Ui.AMM.s. 

Corunec, MS. LI. 

rcig. 

ymgredu, MS. LI. 

ilv\\'c(].li. Hi. 
oni.. ll>. 
ymgydymdcithaw, IMS. LI. 

offl'irieit, MS. 1.1. 
kyweithas, MS. LI. 

Miu-lMivl.. MS. LI. 

Riddid, MS. LI. 

rg ni lefasawdd neb nrwein 
ci gcnndwri byd ai y bren- 
btn, MS. LI. 

lain, MS. LI. 

talawdd, lb. 

dyngedfen, MS. LI. 

mi. 

a aethant, MS. LI. 

ac adaO rorwocrtb y tan, MS. 
LI. 

herwyd, MS. LI. 

Madawc, MS. LI. 

anion yapiwyr a wnaelh yno, 
MS.' LI. 

ac ddaly, Il>. 

Yn i ddoetb. 

Kid. Ac yng Dgbylcb yr am- 
ser ynia y bu ddaear grynn 
mawr yn Annvytliic o fore 
liyd lnvyr. A hefyd yr 
amser hwnuw yr ymddang- 
OH-H seren gynffonnawe ac y 
bu aiaf caled yn ol liynny, 
a marwolaeth a phrinder, 
MS. LI. 



1 Reing in copy. 
"- un in copy. 



3 Marcd ud in A. 



liv 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 



Text. 



Varioub Readings. 



Page 


Lino 




112, 


14, tir 


- dir, 11.. 


n 


23, Cyrnyw' 


KfinyO. 


>> 


,, Blataon 


Blathaon. 


111, 


13, Pennactb 


- Pennant, D.P. 


118, 


15, y Dyfei 


- i Ddyfed, MS. LI. 


>> 


24, GOyiii'd 


- gwydd, MS. LI. 


1 22, 


•I, beuafyeit 


hennafieid, rb. 


j> 


9, anibcn - 


am benn, .MS. LI. 


124, 


4, dyn 


- dyn, MS. LI. 


126, 


2, CafOy - 


CofSvy. Tafwy, lb. 


•• 


23, Selyf - - 


- Selyf ddoeth, lb. 


>> 


„ aOna 


jifm.'i yr, MS. LI. 


»» 


24, dyn - 


dyn, Il». 


•■ 


26, ynvydyon 


deilhiau, lb. 


■• 


28, gyfyaGnder - 


cyfiawndcr, MS. LI. 


128, 


2, chyfaduab 


. chyfadnabod, MS. LI. lb. 


?> 


3, a dunnaO 


addunaw, lb. 


n 


„ arglGydiaetheu 


arglwyddiaetbu, lb. 


•• 


17, ymoscryn 


ymystrin, MS. LI. 


5> 


22, y deulh 


yd oed, lb. 


5? 


23, y drigyaO 


yn trigaw, T\>. 


130, 


12, Anairuyd 


AnaddasrGydd, lb. 


132, 


28, thynnu 


thynnu attuiit, MS. LI. 


134, 


2, yggOrtballt - 


ngbwr allt, lb. 


j' 


25, coetir - 


ynial, lb. 


1 36, 


2, death - 


- ddoethant, MS. LI. 


>» 


3, vrjr - 


- hi, lb. 


140, 


27, MaGd6y2 


- Ma-wddwy, MS. LI. 


142, 


9, y vrodyr 


ae vrodyr, Tb. 


144, 


13, lnossogrGyd - 


- luocd, MS. LI. 


» 


24, debygynt 


debygid, MS. LI. 


146, 


21, y foynt 


o doynt, lb. 


1 is. 


17, gOyr - 


- gwr, MS. LI. 


154, 


8, Bleu - 


- Paine, D.P. 


156, 


7, KadGgaOn 


Cadwallawn, MS. LI. 


160, 


11, gcith - 


- gyweitb, MS. LI. 


1 Iwerdon in A. 


1 - MadaOc in A. 



VARIOUS READINGS. 



lv 



Tkxt. 



Various Readings. 



Pago 

162, 


Lino 

14, Idnertli 


.. 


Iorwerth, lit. 


164, 


2, sic- 


- 


ac nas. MS. LI. 


166, 


2, o (iyinry 


- 


( iviiiru. MS. LI. 


it 


4, Gemaroii 


- 


( It-macron, lb. 




6, knstt'll C'olOyu 

12, Aberteiui 


( rastell Cotwyn, lb. 
Aberteifi, MS. LI. 


>• 
168, 


25, gyssegrediguetb 

• 1, aglu'llll 


gyBsegredic, lb. 

angeu, lb. 


j» 


21, yn arueu 


- 


ac arueu. MS. LI. 


170, 


is. dyat - 
27, chlaear 


- 


.lylia.l. Hi. 
cbiaer, Il>. 


172, 


2, YrGydgrac 

19, GGiss > - 


- 


y Rwydgruc. 
Grwiss, MS. LI. 


174, 

•• 


14, ydeuth 2 
16, ae galO 


- 


y death. 
agalw, MS. LI. 


)5 


23, aruydon 
31, vrenhin 


- 


arwon, lb. 

frcnbin, MS.L1. 


176, 
180, 


26, y Geredigyauu 
18, gGrthladyr Catwal- 
adyr. 


GcrcdigyaGn, lb. 
gwrlbladwyd Cadwaladyr, 

MS. LI. 


182, 


7, Aberuyn 


- 


Aberavan, D.P. 


184, 


3, ar offeren 


- 


a Rosser, MS. LI. 


>> 

)5 


10, hytt - 
22, o- 


- 


byd, lb. 

0. 


186, 


12, amynei — Radian - 


a niynet hyt yn Rhuddlan, 
MS. LI. 


188, 
190, 


„ yn greulaGn 
9, Uogwyr 
24, Ac ny — hyi 


miy 


om. t lb. 

llongeu, MS. LI. 

Ac n i mynnawdd y brenbin 

beri iawn idda6 am hynny, 

MS. LI. 


192, 
194, 


22, ac 

16, aghenn 


- 


ydd, MS. LI. 
angeu, lb. 




„ Gylua - 
28, WiceO - 


- 


wyddfa,MS. LI. 

Wiccw Wicwin, lb. 


196, 


26, ab Owein 


- 


a Owein, MS. LI. 



1 GOiff at copy. 



3 yd aeth in copy. 



Jvi 



THE CHBONICLE OF TIIK PRI.VCES. 



Tl.AI'. 



Vahiois Readings. 





Line 








198, 


14, 


uuduchockau 


uiuddoccau, Il>. 


200, 


14, 


dcuuab ' 


- 


deu uab. 


m 


»' 


I -In. ii It - 


- 


kln.nl.. 


ii 


15, 


ef 


- 


wynt, .MS. LI. 


204, 


4, 


Diciniit 


- 


Diermit. 


.. 


20, 


ilywclil 


- 


dyweid, MS. LI. 


206, 


10, 


Diernut 


- 


Diermit. 


:> 


?' 


MGrchath 


- 


Mwrtach, MS. LI. 


»> 


H), 


ae — Kymry 


- 


a dewredd y C'ymry. MS. LI. 


208, 


— 


achledjrfeu 


- 


a chleddyfeu, Ely. 


-■ 


8, 


Terstig 


- 


Trist. Strisling. 


• • 


I I. 


Dieruul 


- 


I Hermit. 


214, 


2:!, 


da6n 


- 


daOn ac urdas, MS. Lb 


216, 


5, 


dyuoi gwi] 


- 


dyuol gwyl, MS. LI. 


211, 


!>. 


Or 


- 


wyr, MS. LI. 


222, 


s. 


o bei vyb 


- 


a fei I'wy. MS, Lb 


•• 


!', 


ii bei vyG 


- 


:i fei l'wy. IK. 


224, 


II. 


wledychei - 
Llion. 


— Carl- 


ac yiia i) ddeisyfyd gyrci y 
goresgyn y Ffreinc Gaer 
Llion, MS. LI. 


226, 


28, 


IJciiiys 


- 


Remys. 


228, 


•''• 


<sfv>\ arwesl 


- 


genedloedd arwesfc. 


234, 


2 


MaelgGu :: 


- 


MaelgGyn. 


240, 


15, 


y ( raniarou 


- 


vug Nghamai'on, MS. LI. 


>' 


18, 


kymhydeu 


- 


kymhydeu <> bobtu, MS. Lb 


242, 


12. 


traethu 


- 


saetbu. 


246, 


o 


baed - 


- 


yn wbcniii. MS. LI. 


25 1. 


1'!. 


drGy d&yll * 


- 


dnvy dwyll, MS. Lb 


»> 


22. 


OGein 


- 


Odcin Gwynedd, lb. 


!> 


29, 


a llatVd 


- 


can allwed. 


260, 


10, 


meiboa 


- 


meibon Gruffudd, MS. Lb 


268, 


29, 


laO 


- 


laGy brenkin, MS. Lb 


270, 


22, 


castcll 


- 


eestyll, MS. Lb 


272, 


i , 


ar Sarassinj 


cit - 


ac or Sarasinieid, MS. Lb 


282, 


5, 


a ieirll 


■ 


ae ieirll, MS. LI. 


1 Dc 


unaO 


a copy* 


1 


'•' MadaGc in copy. 


- Ionvoerth in cop;/. 


* IVot in copy. 



VARIOUS READINGS. 



lvii 



Text. 



V-vmona Readixgs. 



Pairr- 


Line 




2s2. 


16, 


iduCi 


290, 


17. 


echrcstyr 


292, 


30, 


mlyned 


298, 


16, 


kymu - 


316, 


12, 


Kuri 


318, 


3. 


CamtaGn 


*> 


-*, 


VI, ' - 


320, 


31, 


Htilch - 


322, 


18, 


uarcliogyon - 


55 


28, 


ygkabidyldy 


328, 


2. 


yr brenliin 


■• 


24, 


vreiiliin 


334, 


20. 


Damieta : ' 


342, 


10, 


1,'i/i - 


55 


16, 


a rami ■' 


344, 


2. 


Toran - 


•■ 


i , 


kymmodcs 


•■ 


22, 


kymydaOd 


55 


27. 


gan 


350, 


26, 


1,1 IIS - 


370, 


11. 


EtmOnt .-, 



om., MS. 1.1. 
chiaster, MS. 1.1. 
mlyned o oedran, MS, I 
v\ uiododd, MS. LI. 
Km, D.P. 
Cum I win. 
yn, MS. LI. 
Bwcli, MS. LI. 
uarchogyon. 
senedd-dy, MS. LI. 
i Henri 1'iviiliiii. MS. LI 
1'iviiliiii, MS. LI. 
Damieta. 
Biwyn,MS. LI. 

Q. .'ill. a run. 

Coran. 

cyfodes, MS. LI. 
eymodawdd, U>. 
dan, II.. 

Lewes, MS. LI. 

Etmwnt. 



Y in copy, 

dy wyssogyon in copy. 
Damieta /;/ copy. 



* Garan in A. 
•'' Etwart in copy. 



CORRIGENDA, 



Pago Line 

41, 29, for Llandav read Llandaf. 

S9, 2:1, 24, for Uehtrud read tTehtryd. 

74, 26, 27, dele brackets and rt'feivnc.-. 

93, .'52, after Ceredigion add of the foreign nations to inhabit It. 

95, 18, for Rickart read Eickert. 

120, 15, for danyon read dynyon. 
124, 3, /w anoeitkeu read anreitheu. 

146, 12, for w eic read ■wreic. 

148, 30, foracreadae. 

167, 17, /»/• belonging to the son of Ucbtryd read in Mabndrnd. 

192, 12, for arneu ;«/c/ arnei. 

239, 13, 14, yor Gwis read Gwys. 
243, 6, and 283, 1. 25,for Ilyvaidd read Ilyveidd. 



BRUT Y TYWYSOGION; 

on 

THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES OF 
WALES. 



BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 



DCf.xxxi. Petwar ugeint mlyned a whechant J facvn] 
oed oefc Crist pan vu y uarfolyaeth uaOr dr6y ho 11 ynys 
Prydein. "Ac o dechreu byt hyt yna yd oed blOydyn 
eissieu o petwar ugeint mlyned ac Oytli cant aphum 
mil.' 

Ac yny vldydyn houno y bu uarO KadOaladyr uendig- 
<-it nab KadwallaOn uab Catuan brenhin y Brytanyeit 
yn Rufein y deudccuet dyd o Vei ; megys y proffoyd- 
a i Vynlin kyn no hynny 6rth 6rtheyrn gGrth- 
I'nni : ac ii liynny allan y colles y Brytanyeit goron y 
teynias ac yd ennillaGd y Saeson hi. 

DCLXXXIII. Ac yn ol Kadwaladyr y gGledychaOd 
Iuor uab Alan vrenliin LlydaO, yr honn a elwir Bryt- 
aen uechan ; ac nyt megys brenhin namyn megys 
pennaeth aeu tywyssaOc. A hOnnO agynhellis llywod- 
raeth ar y Brytanyeit Oyth mlyned a deugein, ac yna 
y bu uarO. Ac yny ol ynteu y gOledychaOd Eodri 
MaelOynaOc. 

DCLXXXV. Ac yn oes hOnnO ' [ a dwy vlyned wedy 
hynny] y bu uarOolyaeth yn lOerdon. 

DCLXXxvn. Ac yna ] [i' s 'r vlwydyn nessaf y honno] 
y crynaGd y d&yar yn c LlydaO. 



a ' 4 Ac yn yr eil vlwydyn gwedy dyuot Iuor yr 
ynys honn, 

b ' 4 petwyryd vlwydyn gwedy dyuot Ivor yr ynys 
honn, ° 4 Manaw. 



C. •" Not in ('. 



THE CHRONICLE 01? THE PRINCES. 



GS'J . Six hundred and eighty 'one was the year of 
Christ, when the great mortality took place through 

the whole island of Britain. '-' Ami from the beginning 
of the world until that period one year was wanting of 
five thousand eight hundred and eighty years.' 

And in that year Cadwalader the Blessed, son of 
Cadwallon, son of Cadvan. king of the Britons, died at 
Home, on the twelfth day of May ; as Myrddin had 
previously prophesied to Vortigern of Repulsive Lips; 
and thenceforth the Britons lost the crown of the 
kingdom, and the Saxons gained it. 

G83. And after Cadwalader, Ivor, son of Alan, king 
of Armorica, which is called Little Britain, rei 
not as a king, but as a chief or prince And he exer- 
cised government over the Britons for forty-eight years, 
and then died. And after him llhodri Molwynog 
reigned. 

G85. And in his time a ' two years subsequently,' 
there was a mortality in Ireland. 

GS7. And then, '' the year following,' there was an 
earthquake in G Armorica. 



n ' * And in the second year after Ivor came to this 
island, 

1/4 the fourth year after Ivor came to this island, 
c 4 Man. 



'In MS. ar, and the. | ' D. E. 

A 2 



4 BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

dclxxxviii. Ac yna ' [ a pcdeir blyned wedy hynny] 
> 7 bo y glaO gwaet yn ynys Prydfiin ac Iwerdon. 

dcxc. 8 Deg mlyned a plied war ugein a whechant 
oed oet Crist yna/ ac yna yd ymchoelaGd y Uaeth ar 
emenyn yn waefc. 

dcxcii. 3 [D\vy vlyned wedy hynny] ar lleuat ayia- 
choelaOd yn waetaGl liG. 

dcciv. ' [Pedeir blyned a] seith cant nilyned oed oet 
Crist pan vu uarO 4 Elffryt brenhin y Saeson, ' [ac y 
kladpwyd yn Dam nan.] 

5 dccx. b Deg mlyned a seitbgant oed oet Crist' pan 
vu varO Pipin vGyaf brenhin Ffreinc. Ac yna kyn 
oleuet oed y nos ar dyd. 

DCCXVI. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu uarO 
°Osbric brenhin y Saeson. 

dccxvii. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] y kyssegrOyt 
eglOys Lan Vihaggel. 

dccxx. Vgein mlyned a seitbcant oed oet Crist pan 
vu yr haf tessaOc. 

dccxxi. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
uarO Beli uab Elfin. Ac y bu vrGydyr 7 Heilin 8 [a 
Rhodri Malwynawe] Ygkerny6, a gdeii ° GGarchmaehiOc, 
achat Pen 10 Coetyn Eheubarth. Ac yn y teir brOydyr 
hynny y goruu y Brytanyeit. 

DCCXXVIU. c Deg mlyned ar hugeint a seith cant 
oed oet Crist/ pan vu vrGydyr ym ni}-nyd Cam. 

dcoxxxv. (1 Deugeint mlyned' a seitli cant oed oet 
Crist pan im vnrG Bcda oll'eirnt. 



a - u blwydyn gwedy hynny 
'^ l2 Blwydyn wedy hynny 
(,/ '-' Dwy vlyned wedy hynny 
il' 12 Pymthec mlyned arhugeint 



• a 

■■ Not in C.D.E. 

1 ( '. D. K 



■■ Elfiic, ('. Elfricus, D.E. 

"' I"( .'«. VIIT. I). 

8 Osbrit, D, E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRIN< 5 

688. And then, "■ l four years after that/ it rained 
blood in fche island of Britain, and in Ireland. 

000. - Six hundred and ninety was then the year 
of Christ,' and then the milk and butter turned t<> 

1)1(10(1. 

G92. 3 Two years after llv.il/ and the moon turned of 
a bloody colour. 

704. 'Four years and' seven hundred was the year 
of Christ, when •'ElfVyt, king of the Saxons, died, 'and 
was buried at Damnan/ 

710. Seven hundred and ten was the year of 
Christ/ when Pepin the Elder, king of France, died. 
And then the night was as light as day. 

71 G. And then, 'a year after that/ ° Osbrie, king 
of the (Saxons, died. 

717. And, 'a year after that/ the church of Si. 
Michael was consecrated. 

720. Seven hundred and twenty was the year of 
Christ, when the hot summer happened. 

721. And then, 1 a year after that/ Beli, son of El tin, 
died. And the battle of 7 Heilin, 8 with Rhodri Mol- 
wynog,' took place in Cornwall ; and the action of 
Garthmaelog, and the fight of Pencoed in South 
Wales. And in those three battles the Britons were 
victorious. 

728. c Seven hundred and thirty was the year of 
Christ,' when there was a battle on Cam mountain. 

735. Seven hundred and rl forty' was the year of 
Christ, when Bede the priest died. 



a u A year after that 
1/ ia a y ear a fter that 

•-" a Two years after that 
> [/ Ia Thirty-five years 



Il.il, l). J I nail; E. Not in C. 
'D.E. 
'• Garthmaelawc, C. D. E. 



10 Kwn, C. 
» 1). E. 



f) BRUT V TYWYSOGIOX. 

dccxxxvi. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
UarO Owiin brenhin y Picteit. 

DCCL. Deg mlyned a deugeint a seith cant oed oet 
Crist pan vu y vrOydyr rOg y Brytanyeit ar Picteit 
yg gOeith ' MaesydaGc, ac y UadaOd y Brytanyeit Tal- 
argan brenliin y Picteit. Ac yna y bu uarG TeOdGr 
nab Hr.-li. 

DCCLTV. Ac ' [pedeir blyned wedy hynny] y bu 
u,u i Rodri 3 [Maelwynawc] brenliin y Brytanyeit; 

Dl CL VII. Ac ' [teir blyned wedy hynny] Etbalt 
lni.'iiliii! y Saeson. 

DCCLX, Trugein mlyned a scith cant oed oet Crist 
pan vu brOydyr y rOg y Brytanyeit ar Saeson yg 
g&eith Henfford. Ac y bu uarO Dyfynwal uab Tew- 
rlor. 

ihii.xyiii. a Deg mlyned a tlirugein a seith cant 
oed oet Crist' pan symudOyt Pasc y Brytanyeit drOy 
oreliymyn Klbot gOr y DuO. 

DCCLXXIII. ' [Teir blyned ardec athrugein a seith 
gant oed oed Krist,] ac yna y bu uarO * Ffernuail uab 
[dwal 5 [iwrch]. 

DCCLXXIV. (i [Blwydyn wedi hynny y bu varw Ky- 
moyd vrenhin y Picteid ;] 

dcclxxv. A Chubert abat °[y vhvydyn nessal' wedy 
hynny]. 

DCCLXXV1. Ac yna i [y vhvydyn nessal" y honno] ,J y 
bu distryfi y Deheubarthwyr gan Off'a vrenhin.' 



*' 7 Wyth mlyned wedy hynny, 

b' « gwyr Debeubarth Kymre a diffeithassant vr 
ynys hyd ar OfFa brenliin Mers. 



1 r. | ■■> i). /•;. 

Mi. tone, C. Metgetawc, I). [ ' J> fermael, D. 2£. 
Magi dawc, /-'. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. i 

736. And then, ' a year after thai.' Owain, king oi 
the Picts, died. 

750. Seven hundred and fifty was the year of 
Christ, when the battle between the Britons and Picts 
took place, to wit, the action of 9 Maesydog, ami (lie 
Britons killed Talargan, king of the Picts. Ami then 
Tewdwr, son of Beli, died. 

754?. And, ' four years after that,' Rhodri ;i Mnlwymig, 
king of the Britons, died ; 

7">7. And, 'three years after thai,' Kdbalt, king of 
the Saxons. 

76*0. Seven hundred and sixty was the year of 
Christ, when a battle between the Britons and Saxon:. 
took place, to wit, the action of Hereford. And 
Dyvnwal, son of Tewdwr, died. 

768. a Seven hundred and seventy was the year of 
Christ/ when the Easter of the Britons was altered 
by the command of Elbod, a. man of God. 

773. 'Seven hundred and seventy-three was the 
year of Christ/ and then l Fernvail, son of Idwal 5 the 
Roe/ died. 

774. '"' A year after that Ceinoyd, king of the Picts, 
died ;' 

775. And abbot Cnbert, c the next year after that.' 

776. And then, , the next year to that,' >» the de- 
struction of the South Wales men by king Offa took 
place/ 



a ' 7 Eightyears after that, 

' J ' 8 the men of the South part of Wales devastated 
the island as far as Offa, king of Mercia. 



'■ a d e. I - v. 

i 



8 r v tywysooion. 

dcclxxxiv. «* Pedwar ugein mlyned a seitli cant oed 
oet Crist pan diffeithaOd Ofi'a urenhin y Brytanyeit 
yn aniser haf/ 

Dccxcv. ]j Deg ' mlyned a phedOar ugein a seitli 
cant oed oet Crist pan deuth y P.aganyeit gyntaf y 
Iwerdon, ' [ac y distrywyd Recbrenn.] 

DCCXCVI. Ac " 2 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu uarO 
Ofla vrenliin; a Maredudd brenliin Dyfet °ac y bu' 
\ r(i\ ilyr yn Radian. 

DCOXCVIII. d Wyth cant mlyned oed oet Crist' pan 
• I y Saeson GaradaGc brenhin OJOyned. 

DCCCVir. 2 [Seitli mlyned ac wythgant oed oed 
Krist,] ac yna y bu uarO Arthcn vrenliin KeredigyaGn. 
Ac y bu difFyc ar yr lieul. 

DCCCViii. Ac 2 [bhvydyn wedy hynny] y bu uarG 
Rei vrenliin ' [Dyued] a Chadell brenhin Powys. 

DCCCIX. Ac 2 [blwydyn wedy liynny y bu varw] 
Elbot arcliescob GOyned. 

dcccx. Dcg ndyned ac Oytli cant oed oet Crist pan 
duaOd y lleuat duG Nadolyc. Ac y Uoscct MynyO. 



a ' :) Teir blyned wedy liynny yr haf y distrywyd 
y Brytannycid gyd ac Oll'a. 

4 Yr haf y difi'rithws y ~K.fxa.VQ kyuoelh Offa, ac 
yna y peris Ofi'a gwneutliur clawd yn deruyn ryng- 
thaw a Chfwxe ual y bei haws ydaw gwrtlmebu y 
ruthyr y elynion, a hwnnw a elwit glawd Ofla yr 
hynny hyd hcdyw.' 5 Ac ef y sydd yn estynnv or 
inor yr Hall nid amgen or dchcv yn emyl Brvsto tv 
ar goglcdd gorvwch y Mint y rwng mynachloc ddinas 
Basing a mynydd y Glo.' 

b/ G Pump c ' G yny 

<l' fl Dwy vlyncd wedy hynny, 



1 C. D. E. I '■ C. 

*€*. -D.E. 



THE CimONIGLG OF THE PJII2N 9 

784. ft Seven hundred and eighty was the year of 

Christ, when king Offa spoil,. 1 the Britons in summer 
time/ 

795. Seven hundred and ninety was the year of 
Christ, when the Pagans first came to Ireland, l and 
Eacline was destroyed/ 

796. And, -a year after that/ king Offa died ; and 
Maredudd, king of Dyved ; °and a' battle took place 
at Ruddlan. 

798. (1 Eight hundred was the year of Christ,' when 
the Saxons killed Caradog, king of Gwynedd. 

807- -'Eight hundred and seven was the year of 
Christ/ and then Arthen, king of Ceredigion, died. 
Arid there was an eclipse of the sun. 

808. And, 2 a year after that/ Rein, king of 'Dy- 
ved/ died ; and Gadell, king of Powyy. 

809. And, -a year after that, died ' Elbod, archbishop 
of Gwynedd. 

810. Eight hundred and ten was the year of Christ, 
when the moon turned black on Christmas day ; and 



a' 3 Three years after that, in the summer, the Bri- 
ton were destroyed with Offa. 

J In the summer the Welsh devastated the territory 
of Offa, and then Offa caused a dike to 1"' made, as 
a boundary between him and Wales, to enable him 
the more easily to withstand the attack of hifl enemies, 
and that is called Offa's dike from that time to this 
day.' ,r ' Ami it extends from one sea to the other, 
from the south, near Bristol, to the north, above Flint, 
between the monastery of Basingwcrk and Coleshill/ 

b' ,; Five c' a in the 

d ' °' Two years after that, 

y E. I ■ C. 



10 BRUT V TVWYSOGIOX. 

Ac y bu uartolyaeth ' [ar] yr anifeileit a ar hyt ynys 
Prydein.' 

DCCCX.I. At; ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu uarG 
Owein uab Maretlud. Ac y lloscet Deganwy o tan 
myllt. 

DCCCXII. Ac ' [blwydyn wedi liynny] y bu vr&ydyr 
y r6g Howel a Chynan, a Howel aoruu. 

dcccxv. Ac yua ' [teir blyned wedi hynny] y bu 
daran aaOr ac y gOnaeth Ilawer o loscuaeu. Ac y lm 
uarO a Tryilin aab 8 Bein. Ac y lias Griffri uab Kyn- 
-.■II * [ap Kadell] o d6yll Elisse y uraOfc. Ac y goruu 
Howel o ynys Uon. Ac y gyrraOd Gynnn y uraOt o 
Von yraeith y gan lad llaOer oe lu. 

DCCCXVII. Ac '(dwy vlyned wedy hynny] ] > eilweith 
y gyrrOyt Howel o Von/ Ac y bu uarO " Kynon 
urenhin '"'[Gwyned]. Ac y diffeitliaGd y Saeson myn- 
yded Eryri, ac y dugant uivnhhiyaeth RywynyaOc. 

Dcccxvin. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu 
'[yiulad yn Moil yr liwn a elwit] weitli Llau uaes. 

Dcccxix. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y diffeitnat'd 
GenOlf brenliinyaetheu Dyfet. 

iHiixxili. '[Teir blyned ar] ugein mlyned ac Oytli 
cant oed oet Crist pan distrywyt castell Deganwy 
gan y Saeson. Ac yna y due y Saeson urenhinyaeth 
Powys yn eu rnedyant. 

DCCCXXV. Ac ' [dwy vlyned wedy liynny] y bu 
uarO HoOeJ, 7 [brenhin Manaw.] 



• l ' H drwy holl Kymry. 

ly 8 y deliolet o Vanaw. °y deholet Howel i Van* 
aw. 



• C. | < E. 

1 Grafud, ('. I). E, s Cynan, C. D. E, 

5 Ron, C. I 



THE CHROXIL'LK OF THE HUN (.Is. H 

Menevia was burnt ; and there was a mortality 
among the cattle a over the island of Britain.' 

811. And, 'a year after that,' wain, son of Mared- 
udd, died. And Dyganwy was burnt by Lightning. 

812. And, l a year after that/ a battle took place 
between Howel and Cynan ; and Howe! conquered. 

815. And then, ' three years after that,' there was 
a great thunder-storm, which caused many conflagra- 
tions ; and 2 Tryffin, son of 3 Rein, died; ami (Iritl'ri, 
son of Cyngen, 4 son of Cadell/ was slain, through the 
treachery of his brother Elisse ; and Howel subdued 
the isle of Mona; and expelled his brother Cynan 
from Mona, killing many of his army. 

817. And, ! two years after that/ h Howel was a se- 
cond time driven from Mona ;' and 5 Cynon, king <; of 
Gwynedd/ died; and the Saxons ravaged the moun- 
tains of Eryri, and took the kingdom of Rhuvoniog. 

SIS. And, 'a year after that,' 7 a fight took place 
in Mona, called ' the action of Llain ;w 

819. And, ' a year after that/ Cenulf ravaged the 
kingdoms of Dyved. 

823. ' Three and ' twenty and eight hundred was 
the year of Christ, when the castle of Dyganwy was 
destroyed by the Saxons. And then the .Saxons took 
the kingdom of Powys into their possess'n>n. 

825. And, ' two years after that/ Howel, "' king of 
Man/ died. 



*' 8 through all Wales. 

h ' 8 was driven from Man; ° Howel was driven to 
Man ; 



E. I * D. 

D.E. > E. 



!2 BRUT Y TYV, 

DCCCXXXI. ' [Vn mlyned arj deg mlyned ar hugein 
ac "yth cant oed oet Crist pan vu dirlye ar y lleuat 
a yr Gythuet dyd o vis Racuyr.' Ac y bu varO - Satu- 
bi/i escob MynyG. 

i" '<xi.. Deagein mlyned ac Oyth cant oed oet Crist 
pan wledyeha&d '• Meuruc' escob yin MynyO. 

DCCCXLii. Ac ' [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y bu 
aarO IdwallaOn. 

xr.iv. Ac ' [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y bu 
gOeith a KetylL Ac y bu vai-6 Meruyn 4 [urych]. 

DC5CCXLYHI. Ac ' [pcdeir blyned wedy hynny] y bu 
weitli Ffinant. Ac y lias "Ithel brenhin Gdcnt ygan 
wyr BrecheinaOc, 

i" ''XL ix. u J3eg mlyned a dcugein ac Oytheant oed 
oet Crist ' pan las Meuruc y gan y Saeson. 

DCCCL. J [Dec mlyned a dcugeint ac wythgant oed 
oet Krist.] cl ac y tag6yt Kyngen y gan y genedloed.' 
i li 1 1. Ac ' [tcir blyned wedy liynny] y diffeith- 
dydt Mon y gan y kenhedloed duon. 

dcccliv. Ac J [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu uarO 
Kyngen vrenhin Powys yn Rufein. 

DCCCLvT. ''[Dwy vlyned wedy liynny y bu varw 
Kemoyth vrenhin y Picteid]. Ac y bu aarO Ionathal 
tyw} ssaOc Abergeleu. 

DCCC'LX. '' [Trugeiil mlyned ac wythgant oed oet 
Krist pan vv varw Maelsalacheu. 



»' " A' m. kl. Nuveiubr. 

'•' '' bonhedie 

''"' Blwydyn wedy hynny, 

•''' " pan ladawd y Paganyeid Gyngen. 



1 a 

" Saturbyn. CD, K. 
■ Kadell, E. 



1 D. E. 
hhael, C. 
' . 1). E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF TTIE PRINCES. 13 

831. 'One and' thirty and eigl^ hundred was the 
year of Christ, when the eclipse of the moon hap- 
pened on -i the eighth day of the month of December/ 
And '-Satubin, bishop of Menevia, died 

840. Eight hundred and forty was the year of 
Christ, when ,J Meurug, the' bishop, governed in Me- 
nevia. 

842. And, l two years after that/ Idwallon died. 

844. And, ' two years after that/ tho action of 
3 Cetyll took place. And Mervyn ' the Freckled,' died. 

848. And, ' four years after that/ the action of Fin- 
riant took place. And 5 Ithel, king of Gwent, w&fl 

Lain by the men of Brecheiniog. 

849. c Eight hundred and fifty was (he year of 
Christ/ when Meurug was killed by the Saxons. 

850. * Eight hundred and fifty was the year of 
Christ./ t] and Cyngen was strangled by the Pagan .' 

853. And, ' three years after that/ MCona was ra\ o 
by the black Pagans. 

854. And, 'a year after that/ Cyngen, king of 
Powys, died in Rome. 

856. c Two years after that Ccmoyth, king of the 
Picts, died/ And Ionathal, prince of Abergelen, died. 

860. 7 Eight hundred and sixty was the year of 
Christ, when Maelsalacheu died. 



** s the 8th of the calends of November. 

l' /fl a noble 

<*' 10 A year after that, 

'!' 10 when the Pagans killed Cyngen. 



' C. D. 

8 D. Not in C. 



C. Not in D. E. 

1 ('. 



14 I'.TU'T Y TYWYSOGTON. 

DCCCLXir. Dwy vlyned wedy] trugein mlyned ac 
ftyth cant oed oet Crist ° pan yrrOyt ' KatOeitlien 
ymcith/ 

dccclxiy. 2 ['' Dwy vlyned wedy hynny y diffeith- 
yawd honno y Glyuyssic.'] 

DCCCLXV. Ac - [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu uarG 
Kynan ° Uant Nifer.' 

DCGCLXYL Ac 3 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y diffeith- 
wyt Kaer EfraOc J ygkat' Dubkynt. 

DrccLxix. e Deg mlyned a thrugein ac 6ytli cant 
oed oet Crist ' pan vu kat f Kryn Onnen. 

DCCCLXX. :i [Deg mlyned athrngeint ac wytligant 
oed oed Krist,] ac y torret Kaer Alclut y gan y 
I'a^anyeit. 

DCCCLXXL Ac 3 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bodes G&g- 
a/»n nab Meuruc brenhin KeredigyaGn. 

ix cri. win. Ac B [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y bu 
weith Bangoleu 4 [ac yno y lias Kynan : ] a g6eith 
5 Menegyd ym Mon. Ac y bu uarO Meuruc escob 
bonhedic. 

DCCCLXXIV. Ac 3 [blwydyn wedy liynny] y kymr-rth 
fi LGmbert escobaOt VynyG; 

docclxxv. Ac fl [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bodes 
Ddrngarth urenhin KernyO. 

DGOCLXXTL Ac 7 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
weith duO Sul ym Mon. 



a' s y ]j U ca i Gweithen. 

''' " y diffeithwyfc Glywysig ac yd alldudwyd hwynt. 

< ■' 10 nawd nifer. 

(i ' l0 y o nn s a ^ a ac y ° u cn ^ 

Teir blyned wedy hynny, f ' n brynn onnen. 



,' 10 



1 Katweithen. C. i * E. 

*C.D. i Ynegyd, C. D. E. 

• 1 C. I ' Ilinibert, C. Lunbertli, D. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 15 

862. Two years after ' eight hundred and sixty years 
was the year of Christ, ••> when Cadweithen was driven 
away.' 

S()4. -''Two years after that, he ravaged Clyw\ ig 

805. And, 2 a year after that,' Cynan, c of Nan< 
Nyver,' died. 

866. And, •"' a year after that,' Caer Evrog was de- 
vastated ''in the battle' of Dubkynt. 

860. e Eight hundred ami seventy was the war of 
Christ,'' when the battle of r Cryn Onen ' took place. 

870. 3 Eight hundred and seventy was the year of 
Christ,' and Caer Alclut was demolished by the 
Pagans. 

871- And, B a year after that,' Gwgawn, son of 
ftfeurug, king of Ceredigion, was drowned. 

873. And, :i two years after that,' the action of Ban - 
goleu took place, ''and there Cynan was slain:' ami 
the action of r> Menegyd in Mona. And Meurug, a 
bishop of noble lineage, died. 

874-. And, 8 a year after that,' 6 Lwmbert assumed 
the bishopric of Menevia. 

875. And, 3 a year after that,' Dwrngarth, king of 
Cornwall, was drowned. 

876. And, 7 a year after that,' the action on Sunday 
took place in Mona. 



a' 8 the battle of Gweithen took place. 

] >' 9 Glywysig was ravaged, and they were banished. 

c "° the refuge of a multitude, 

*' M by the battle H and the buttle took place 

e' 10 Three years after that, f ' " Ash Hill. 



• D. 

* D.E. 
" I). 



10 f 

11 c, i). /-: 



1G BRUT Y TYWY80GI0N. 

:>' i I r.xxvir. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
Rodri a GGryat y a vraOfc y gan y Saeson. 

[.xx \ hi. Ac l [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
varf Aim! aab Mellt. 

dccclxxx. Pedwar ugein mlyned ac 6ytli cant oed 
net Crist pan vn weith ConOy y dial Rodri o DuO. 

dccclxxx 1 1. 2 [Dvvy vlyned wedy hynny y bu 
'' earw Kadweithen.' 

dccclxxx v. Teir blyned wedy hynny y bu varw 
Hywel yn Rufein. 

dccclxxxvti. Dwy vlyned wedy hynny y bu varw 

3 CerbalL] 

dccclxxx rx. B Deg mlyned a phedwar ugein ac 6yfch 
cant oed oet Crist ' pan vu uar6 Subin y doetliaf or 
Yscol I 

DCOCXC. ' [Dec mlyned a phedwar ugein ac wyth 
gant oed oed Krist,] ac yna y deuth y Normanyeit 
duon ''eilweith y gastoll Baldwin.' 

dcccxci. Ac i [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu uarG 

4 Heinuth vab Bledri.' 

dcccxci ir. Ac yna ' [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y 
deuth AnaraOt y difTeitha6 KercdigyaGn ac ystrat 
Tywi. 

Dcccxcrv. Ac yna * [blw3'dyn wedy hynny] y diff- 
eithaGd y Normanyeit Loeger, a BrecheinaCc, a Mor- 
gan6c, a GGent a "Buellt GOnlldc. 

dcccxcv. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y diff- 
ygyaOd bOyt yn Iwerdon ; kanya pryfet o nef a dygGyd- 



a ,; vab 

1/ 7 cat Gweithen. H — Gwytherin. 

c ' D Dwy vlyned wedy hynny, 

11,10 draehevyn liyt ar Gwinn. "y Wyned. 



1 r. 

- ( : o. e. 

1 Kadell, E. 



v Ilenweith vab Blcdric, C. 
Hennech vab BledriCj D. /.'. 
1 Not in C. D. E. 



THE OHBONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 17 

877. An J, 'a year after that,' Rhodri, and his •bro- 
ther Gwriad, were killed by the .Saxons. 

878. And, 'a year after that.' Aedd, son of Mellt, 
died. 

880. Eight hundred and eighty was the year of 
Christ, when the action of Conwy took place, for God 
to avenge Rhodri. 

882. 2 Two years after that, << Cadweithen died.' 

885. Three years after that, Howel died in Rome. 
887. Two years after that, 8 Oerball died.' 

889. c Eight hundred and ninety was the year of 
Christ/ when Subin, the wisest of the Scots, died. 

890. ' Eight hundred and ninety was the year of 
Christ/ and then the black Normans came ''a second 
time to Castle Baldwin.' 

891. And, ' a year after that,' '' Heinuth, son of 
Rledri, died. 

893. And then, ' two years after that/ Anarawd 
came to devastate Ceredigion and the Vale of Tywi. 

894. And then, ' a year after that/ the Normans 
devastated England, Brecheiniog, Morganwg. Gwent, 
• r ' Buallt, and Gwenll wg. 

895. And then, ' a year after that/ provision failed 
in Ireland ; for vermin of a mole-like form, each having 



a ° son 

l'' 7 was the battle of Gweithen. a — Gwytherin. 

c ' ° Two years after that, 

•'' ,0 again as far as Gwinn. "to Gwynedd. 



• E. 
'• D. 
"E. 



C. 
' D. E. 

1 a 



18 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

add ar weith g6ad a deu dant y bop un, ar rei hynny 
a vOyttaaGd yr boll ymborth, a thrOy vnpryt a gGedi 
y gbrthladOyt. 

dcccxcvii. Ac yna ' [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y 
bu uarO 2 Els tan brenliin 3 [y Saesson] ; 

dcccxcviii. Ac ] [blwydyn wedy hynny] 4 Alvryt 
urenhin 5 Iwys. 

dcccc. NaO cant mlyned oed oet ° Crist pan deuth 
IgmOnd y ynys Von, ac y kynhalyaOd maes ~ Ros 
Meilon. 

dcccci. Ac yna y lias mab Meruyn y gan y genedyl. 
Ac y bu uarO Llywarch uab 8 Hennyth. 

dcccci I. Ac y lias penn 9 Ryderch uab 10 Hennyth 
11 [yn Arwystli] duw GOyl BaOl. 

dcccciv. Ac y bu weith 12 Dumeirt ynyr hGnn y 
lias MaelaOc cam uab Peredur. Ac yna y dileOyt 
MynyO. 

dccccv. Ac y bu uarG GorchGyl escob. Ac y bu 
varO 13 CoruaGc brenhin ac escob holl Iwerdon gGr 
maOr y grefyd ae gardaOt. u Mab y Guleuau 1 alas a oe 
vod y myGn brGydyr.' 15 Ac y bu uarG Keruallt uab 
Muregan brenhin Langesy b o keugant diwed.' 

dccccvi. Ac y bu uarG Asser archescob ynys Pryd- 
ein ; 

DCCOCVII, A Chadell uab Rodri. 

dccccxi. Deg intyned a naO cant oed oet Crist pan 
deuth Other y ynys Prydein. 



a' 1G yn yr ymlad hwnnw. ''yn y vlwyddyn hwnnw. 
b* 10 yn diwed yr ymlad. 



1 C. 6 Einvas, C. Gynoys, D. Gyn- 

'• Edclstan, C. d 5" s > E - 

3 C D F ° ^ l ea .f' s he™ lost in C. 

", ' ' ,,, . _ _ ' Meleriaun, D. Meleriaum, E. 

♦Aldryd.C Albryt.D.*. « Hyreid, J9.27. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 10 

two teeth, fell from heaven, which devoured all the 
food; and through fasting and prayer they were driven 

away. 

897. And then, l two years after that/ Elstan, ting 
3 of the Saxons/ died ; 

898. And ' a year after that/ * Alvryd, king of the 
( fewissi. 

900. Nine hundred was the year of ll Christ, when 
Igmond came to the isle of Mona, and fought the 
battle of 7 Rhos Meilon/ 

901. And then the son of Mervyn was killed by 
the Pagans. And Llywarch, son of 8 Hennyth, died. 

902. And °Rhydderch, son of 10 Hennyth, was be- 
headed n in Arwystli/ on the feast of St. Paul. 

904. And the action of 12 Dineirth took place, in 
which Maelog the Crooked, son of Peredur, was slain. 
And then Menevia. was destroyed. 

905. And bishop Gorchwyl died. And 13 Corvoc, 
king and bishop of all Ireland, died ; a man emi- 
nent for faith and charity. U A son of Cnleuan was 
slain a voluntarily in battle/ 15 And Cerwallt, son of 
Mnregan, king of Leinster, died b of a fatal dis- 
order/ 

90(3. And Asser, archbishop of the isle of Britain, 
died ; 

907. And Cadell, son of Rhodri. 

911. Nine hundred and ten was the year of Christ, 
when Other came to the island of Britain. 



ft' 16 in that fight. 17 in that year, 
V ,G at the end of the fight. 



■ Rodri, D.E. " Culcnnan, D. E. 

10 Huueith, D. Kyunerth, E. ' ■' Nut in E. 

" D. ' 1). 

'-' Duuneir, T). Dinevwr, E. '" B, 

1 ' Cormoc, D. C'orinoc, E. i 



m 2 



20 BRUT Y TYWYSOOION. 

Dccccxin. Ac y bu uarf AnaraGt uab Rodri bren- 
hin y Brytanyeit. 

DOCCCXIV. Ac y diffeitliGyt Iwerdon a Mon y gan 
bobyl Dulyn. Ac y bu uarO Edelflet vrenhines. 

DCCCCXVII. Ac y lias ClydaOc uab C'adell ' [ap Rodri 
maw] y gan Ueuruc y vraGt. 

Dccccxvni. Ac y bu uard -Uercu escob ' [da]. 

DCCCCXIX. Ac y bu weith y Dinas NeOyd. 

precox xyi. Ugein ralyned a na6 cant oed oet Crist 
pan aetb Howel da vrenbin vab Kadell y Rufein : ac 
y bu uarO Elen. 

pec ccxxxiit. Deg mlyned arhugein a naGcant oed 
oet Crist pan las Gruffud ap Owein y gan wyr Kered- 
igyata. 

DOOCCXXXV. Ac y bu ryfel 3 Brun. 

i I- < < cxxxvr. Ac y bu uarO 4 Hennyrth uab ClydaOo 
a Meunic y vraOt. 

Dfcrcxxxrx. Ac y bu uarO Edelstan brenhin y 
Saeson. 

DCCCCXL. Deugein mlyned a naGcant oed oet Crist 
pan vu uard Abloyc vrenliin. 

DCCCCXLI. A Cliadell uab Artlmael a GenGynGyt, ac 
IdGal uab Rodri ac Elised y ;l vraGt alas y gan y 
Saeson. 

DCCCCXLII. Ac y bu aarO 5 LOnbert escob MynyO. 

DCCCCXLin. Ac TJssa uab LlaGr; a G Morcheis escob 
Bangor a vuant ueirG. 

dC'CT'Cxliy. A Chyngen uab 7 Elised a wenGynGyt, 
ac 8 Eueurys escob MynyO a vu uar6. Ystrat Glut 
adiffeithGyt y gan y Saeson. 



a° vab 



1 E. 

■ Nercn, D. E. 

' Brune, D. Bryunev, E. 



« Hymeith, D. Kyfnerth, E. 
1 LOnberth, D. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 21 

913. And Anarawd, son of Rhodri, king of the 
Britons, died. 

1)1 4-. And Ireland and Monii svere devastated by 
the people of Dublin. Ami queen Edelfied died. 

017. And Clydog, son of Cadell, 'son of Rhodri the 
Great/ was killed by his brother Mcurug. 

918. And * Uereu, a 'good' bishop, died. 

919. And the action of Dinas Nevvydd took place. 
926. Nine hundred and twenty was the year <>i" 

Christ, when king How el the Good, son of Cadell, 
went to Rome : and Elen died. 

933. Nine hundred and thirt}' was the year of 
Christ, Avhen Gruffudd, son of Owain, was slain by 
the men of Ceredigion, 

935. And the battle of 3 Brim took place. 

936. And 4 Hennyrth, son of Clydog, and his bro- 
ther Meurug, died. 

939. And Edelstan, king of the Saxons, died. 

940. Nine hundred and forty was the year of 
Christ, when king Abloyc died. 

941. And Cadell, son of Arthvael, was poisoned ; 
and Idwal, son of Rhodri, and his a brother Elised, 
were killed by the Saxons. 

942. And ° Lwmbert, bishop of Menevia, died. 

943. And Ussa, son of Llawr ; and °Moreheis, bishop 
of Bangor, died. 

944. And Cyngen, son of 7 Elised, was poisoned; 
and 8 Eueurys, bishop of Menevia, died. Strath 
Clyde was devastated by the Saxons. 



a» 



son 



1 Morklois. I). K. * Kncuris. I). //. 

' Elisse, 1). E. " D. K. 



22 BRUT Y TYWY80GI0U. 

dccccxlviii. A Howel da uab Kadell vrenhin penn 
b molyant yv lioll Vrytanyeit a vu uarO. A ChadGg- 
a&n uab Owein ala.s y gan y Saeson. Ac yna y "bu 
weith Carno rGg meibon ' [Ywain ap] Howel 2 a 
meibon Idwal. 

dccccl. Deg mlyned adeugein a nawcanfc oed oet 
Crist pan diffeithaGd Iago a Ieuaf meibon Idwal Dyf- 
et dGyweith, 3 [ac y lias Dungwallaun ygan ev gwyr 
wyntj. 

dccccli. Ac yna y bu uarO a DyfynOal a Rodri 
meibon' Howel. 

dccccli I. Ac yna 4 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
ladua uaOr ' [y] rOg meibou Idwal a meibon Howel 
•' yg gweith Confry yn LlanrOst. Ac y lias HirmaOr 
ac AnaraGt y gan y pobloed, meibon oed y rei bynny 
y 6ryat/ A gOedi hynny y diffeithGyt KeredigyaOn y 
gan ueibon Idwal. Ac y bu uarO Etwin uab Howel 
1 [dda]. 

DCCCC'LIII. Ac '[blwydyn wedy hynny] y bodes 
5 Hayardur uab Mervyn. 

DCCCCLIV. 4 [Blwydyn wedy hynny y bu varw Ed- 
win vab Hywel.] Ac y lias Congalach brenhin Iwer- 
don. 

DCCCCLV. A * [blwydyn wedy hynny y lias] GOgaOn 
uab GGryat ' [ap Rodri mawr.] Ac' y bu yr haf tes- 
saGc. 

dcccclviii. 3 [Teir blyned wedy hynny y diffeith- 
yawd Ywein y 6 Gorwyd.] 



a' " Rodri vab 

'■' 7 yny lie a elwir Gwrgystu gweith Konwy 8 hir- 
mawr, ac y lias Anarawd vab Gwry. 



1 E. | 3 c. D. E. 

' Here C. resumes. | ' C. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBDfl 23 

94-8. And Howel the Good, sou of king Cadell. chief 
and glory of all the Britons, died. And Cadwgan, 
son of Owain, Avas killed by the Saxons. And then 
the action of Carno took place between the sons of 
1 Owain, son of Howel, -and the sons of Idwal. 

050. Nine hundred and fifty was the year of Christ, 
when Iago and Ieuav, sons of Idwal, ravaged Dyved 
twice; 3 and Dunwallon was slain by their men.' 

951. And then a Dyvnwal and Rhodri, sons ' of 
Howel, died. 

952. And then, 4 a year after that/ a great slaugh- 
ter took place between the sous of Idwal and the 
sons of Howel, b in the action of Conwy at Llanrwst. 
And Hirmawr and Anarawd were killed by the Pa- 
gans ; they were sons of Gwriad/ And after that 
Ceredigion was devastated by the sons of Idwal. 
And Edwin, son of Howel ] the Good,' died. 

953. And, 4 a year after that/ G Hayarddur, son of 
Mervyn, was drowned. 

954. 4 A year after that, Edwin, son of Howel, 
died.' And Congalach, king of Ireland, was slain. 

955. And, *a year after that, was killed' Gwgawn, 
son of Gwriad, ' son of Rhodri the Great.' And the 
hot summer happened. 

958. 3 Three years after that, Owain devastated the 
6 Gorwennydd/ 



ft/ 7 Rhodri, son. 

b ' 7 in the place called Llanrwst the action of Con wy 
long and great, and Anarawd, son of Gwry, was slain. 



1 Yin-.lur, ( '. ' C. D. E. 

"Goryuyd, /;./:. J » C. D. 



24 



BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOJf. 



dcccclix. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] ■ y bu dir- 
OflOr '» eira vis MaOrth. A meibon Idwal yn gOledychu.' 
Ac y diffeithaGd meibon Abloec Gaer Gybi a Lleyn. 

DCCCCLX. Trugein mlyned a naO cant oed oeb Crist 
pan las Idwal uab Bodri 

DCCCCLXJ. Ac '-' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
meibon GOynn. Ac y diffeitliOyt y Tywyn y gau y 
pobloed ; ac y bu uarG Meurue uab Catuan ; 

dcccclxii. A 8 [blwydyn wedy liynny] Ryderch 
escob ; 

DccccLXiv. A 8 [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] ChadOall- 
aOn uab Owein 8 [ap Howel dda.] 

dcccclxv. Ac yna 8 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y 
diffeithaOd y Saeson, 4 ac fi Aluryt yn tywyssaGc udunt 
vrenhinyaetheu meibon Idwal. 

dcccclxvi. Ac - [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
Rodri uab Idwal, ac y diffeitliOyt AberffraO. 

DCCCCLVii. A - [blwydyn] gOedy hynny y ° dellis 
Iago uab Idwal Ieuaf uab Idwal y vraGt. Ac y car- 
charoyt Ieuaf; "a gOedy hynny y croget/ 

DCCCCLXVlii. Ac yna 2 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y 
diffeitliOyt Gohyr y gan EinaGn uab Owein. 

dcccclxix. Ac '-[blwydyn wedy hynny] y diffeith- 
a6d 7 Marc uab Herald Benmon. 

DCCCCLXX. Deg mlyned a thrugein a naO cant oed 
oet Crist pan diffeithaGd H Gotbric uab ° Herald Von, 
ac o uaOr ystryO y darestyga6d yr holl ynys. 



a' 10 y gwledychaud meibion Idwal drwy nerth dir- 
uaur mis Maurth. 

b» bla eH delis 



1 i '. J). E. 
- ( '. 
3 E. 



1 Not in J). E 

3 Alfre, C. 

« Not in C. D. E. 



THE CHBONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 25 

059. And, ' a year after that/ ft a great •' snow hap- 
pened in the month oi' March ; the sons o\' Idwal 
reigning/ And the sons oi* Ahloce devastated t'aer 
Gybi and Lleyn. 

960. Nine hundred and sixty was the year of 
Christ, when Idwal, son of Rhodri, was killed. 

961. And, **a year after that,' the sons oi* Gwyn 
were killed. And Towvji was devastated by the Pa- 
gans; and Menrug, son of Cad van. died; 

962. And, '-'a year after that/ bishop Rhyddercb ; 

964. And, - two years after that/ Oadwallon, son of 
Owain, 3 son of Howel the Good/ 

965. And then, s a year after that/ the Saxons, 
headed by 5 Alvryd, ravaged the kingdoms of the sons 
of Idwal. 

966. And, "a year after that/ Rhodri, son of Idwal, 
was slain, and Aberfraw was devastated. 

9G7. And, 2 a year' after that, IagO, son of Idwal. 
°blinded his brother Ieuav, son of Idwal. And leuav 
was imprisoned ; "and after that hanged.' 

968. And then, -a year after that,' Gower was de- 
vastated by Einon, son of Owain. 

969. And, 2 a year after that/ 7 Mark, son of Harold, 
devastated Penmon. 

970. Nine hundred and seventy was the year of 
Christ, when 8 Godfrey, son of "Harold, devastated 
Mona, and by great craft subjugated the whole island. 



a "° the sons of Idwal ruled through great power in 
the month of March. 

1,11 plague c '- captured 



T Madoc, ('. Mactus, /->. E. 
« Godfrid, a Gotfrit, D. E. 
'Ilarald, C.D.E. 



'" 1). E. 

11 a 

'•' C.D.E. 



26 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOX. 

DCCCCLXXI. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y 
kynnullaGd 2 [Edgar] brenhin y Saeson diraaGr lyges 
hyt Ygkaer 11 ion 3 ar Gysc/ 

DCCCCLXXir. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y gGrth- 
ladOyfc Iago oe gyfoetb, ac y gGledychaOd Howel drOy 
nudugolyaeth. Ac y « a clefychOyt Menruc uab Idwal. 
Ac y bu varO Morgan. 

dcccclxxiv. Ac yna l [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y 
bu uarw Edgar brenhin y Saeson. Ac ydaeth DGn- 
wallaOn brenhin Ystrat Club y Rufein. Ac y bu uarO 
IdwallaOn uab l EinaOn. 

DCCCCLXXVr. Ac ' [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] eil- 
weith y diffeithaGd EinaOn 6hyr. 

dcccclxxvii. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] b y dift*- 
eithwyt c LlOyn KelynaOc uaOr 6 [yr eil weith] y gan 
Howel uab Ieuaf ar Saeson.' 

dcccclxxviii. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y 
delit Iago. Ac y goruu Howel uab Ieuaf ac y gores- 
cynnOys ° [kyuoeth] Iago. 

dcccclxxix. Ac ! [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
Idwal. A gwecly hynny y diffeithaGd Custennhin uab 
Iago a 7 Gotbric uab 8 Herald Lyyn a Mon. A gwedy 
hynny y lias Custenhin uab Iago y gan Howel uab 
Ieuaf yn y vrOydyr a elwir gOeith 9 Hirbarth. 



» ,0 dallwyd 

b ' " y diffeithyawd Gwrmid eilweith Leyn, ac y diff- 
eitliyawd Hywel vab Yeuaf ar Saesson Gyueilyawc 
vawr. 

cl - Lies' n a 



1 a 

: C. D.E. Edward, .!. 

■'' Not in C. 



4 Owcyn, C. D. E. 

s D. E. 

n JJ. 



THE « HUONII LE OF THE PRTXi I 27 

971. And then, l a year after that, "Edgar, king 
of the Saxons, collected a very ",nat Beet at Caerleon 
a npon Usk.' 

972. And, 'a year after that,' Iago was expelled 
from his territory, and Howe] ruled in consequence oi 
his victory. And Mcurug, .son of Idwal, •'• fell sick.' 
And Morgan died. 

974. And then, ' two years after that,' Edgar, king 
of the Saxons, died. And Dunwallon, king of Strath 
Clyde, went to Rome. And Idwallon, son of 4 Einon, 
died. 

976. And, 'two years after that/ Einon devast; I 

Gower a second time. 

977. And, 'a year after that,' '-the c drove of ' Cel- 
yuog the Great was devastated 5 a second time' by 
Howel, son of Ienav, and the Saxons.' 

978. And then, l a year after that,' [ago was cap- 
tured. And Howel, son of Ienav, had the victory, 
and conquered °the territory of Iago. 

979. And, 1 a year after that,' Idwal was slain. And 
after that Constantine, son of Iago. and 7 Godfrey, 
son of Harold, devastated Lleyn and Mona. And after 
that Constantine. son of Iago, was killed by Howel, 
son of Ieuav, in the battle called the action of ° Hir- 
barth. 



■'■ ,0 was blinded. 

1/11 Gwrniid a second time devastated Lleyn, and 
Howel, son of Ieuav, and the Saxons devastated Cyv- 
eiliog the Great. 

c i8 Lleyn and 



r Godfrid, C. Gotfrit, D. E. 
" Harald, C.D.E. 
Hirbanvch, C. D. E. 



10 C, 1). E. 
" C 
" 1). E. 



28 BRUT Y TYWY80GI0N. 

DCCecLXxxi. ' [ Vn vlyned a J pedwar ugein nilyned 
a nao cant oed oet Crist pan diffeitluiOd 8 Gotbric nab 
1 Herald Dyuet a AlynyO. "Ac y bu weith Llan- 
wannaOc.' 

dcco f.xxxii. Ac yna '| blwydyn wedy liynny] y 
diffeithOyt BreclieinaOc a hull gyfoeth EinaOn uab 
Weill y gan y Saeson, ac 4 Aluryt yn dywyssaOc 
arnunt, A Howel uab Ieuaf ac EinaOn aladaOd llawer 
oe lu. 

DCOCCLXXXHt. Ac yna ' [y vlwydyn nessaf y honnoj 
y Has EinaOn uab Owein drOy dOyJl ' [y] gan uchel- 
wyr GOent. Ac y bu uarO ' [eu] bonhedic escob. 

DCCCCLXXXIV. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] y lladaOd 
y Saeson Howel uab Ieuai" drOy dOyll. Ac y lias 
luiiaual uab Meuruc, a CliadOallaOn uab Icual" ae 
lladaOd. 

dcccclxxxv. 5 [Blwydyn wcdy hynny y lias ° Meye 
vab Yeuaf, '» a Maredud ap Ywein a ladawd] Kad- 
walla'n ab leuai' drOy vudugolyaeth/ aoresgynnOys y 
gyfoetb, nyt anigen noc ynys Von a Meiryonnyd ; 
a hull wladoed GOyried o diruaOr ystryO a challter a 
darestygaOd. 

DCCCCLXXXVI. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] yd 
yspeilOyfc Llywareh ab Owein oe lygeit. Ac y diff- 
eitbOyt 8 Gotbric uab 8 Herald ar llu do gantao ac 
ef Ynys Von. Ac y c dellit dOy vil o dynyon, ar 



ft ' 7 a Llaunweithenawc. 

'■' M a (Jhatwallawn vab Ieuaf, y gan Moredud vab 
Oweyu 

'■"del it 



' C. 

■ Godfrid. ( '. Gntfrit, 1). E. 

J Ilarald, C. D. E. 



Alfred, i'.D. Nut in E. 
C. D. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 29 

981. 'One year and' nine hundred and eighty wna 
the year of Christ, when 'Godfrey, son of Harold, 
devastated Dj'ved and Menevia, "And the action of 
LI an wen og tonic place.' 

982. And then, 'a year after that/ Brecheiniog, 
and all (lie territory of Kinon, son of Owain, -were 
devastated by the Saxons, 'Alvryd being their Leader. 
And Howel, son of leuav, and Kinon killed many of 
his host. 

983. And then, ' the year next to that/ Einon, 
son of Owain, was killed through treachery by the 
nobles of Gwent. And ' their bishop of noble lineage 
died. 

984. And, ' a year after that/ the Saxons killed 
Howel, son of leuav, through treachery. And Ionaval, 
son of Meurug, was killed, and Cadwallon, son of 
Ienav, killed him. 

985. 5 A year after that, Maig, son of leuav, was 
killed, b and Maredndd, son of Owain, killed' Cnd- 
wallon, son of leuav, victoriously/ and subjugated his 
territory, to wit, the isle of Mona and Meirionydd ; 
and all the districts of Gwynedd he subdued by ex- 
treme craft and cunning. 

986. And then, ' a year after that/ Llywarch. son 
of Owain, was deprived of his eyes. And Oodfre}', 
son of Harold, with the black host, devastated the isle 
of Mona. And two thousand men were c blinded; and 



a ' 7 and Llanweithenog. 

•'' 8 and Cadwallon, son of leuav, by Maredndd. sun 
of Owain. 
<-• u captured ; 



« Mevric, E. ' D. E. 

r C. D. Nut in E. I " C. D. E. 



30 J y TVWVSOOION. 

dryll arall o nadunt a due Maredud uab Owein y gyt 
ac ef y Geredigyadn a Dyfet. Ac yna y bu uardolyaetli 
ar yr lioll aniueileit yn holl ynys Prydein. 

DCCCCLXXXVii. Ac yna J [blwydyii wedy hynny] y 
bu uar6 Ieuaf uab Idwal, ac Owein uab Hodel. Ac 
y difteithadd y kenedloed Lanbadarn a Mynyd a Llan- 
ulltut 2 a Llangarban ' a Llaudydoch. 

dcccclxxxviii. Ac yna ] [blwydyn wedy hymiy] y 
lias a [Glwmayn] mab Abloyc. Ac y talaOd Maredud 
1 [ap Ywein] yn deyrnget yr kenedloed duon geinaOc 
o bop dyn. Ac y bu diruaOr uardolyaetli ar y dynyon 
rac newyn. 

dcccclxxxix. Ac J [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
Owein uab Dyfynwal. 

DCCCCXC ' [Dec mlyned uphedwar ugeint a naw 
leant oed oet Krist,] ac y difteithadd Maredud maes 
Hyfeid. 

Dccccxci. ' [Blwydyn wedy bynny] deg mlyned a 
plied war ugein a nad cant oed oet Crist pan diff- 
eitliadd Etwin uab Einadn, ac "' Eclis uadr tywyssadc 
Seis y ar voroed y debeu' oil vrenhinyaetlieu Maredud, 
nyt am gen Dyfet, Acberedigadn, Agdhyr, Achedweli ; 
ac eilweitli y kymerth wystlon or boll gyfoetb ; ar 
dryded weitb y diffeitbadd Yynyd. A Maredud a 
liuryadd y kenedloed adatboedynt yny ewyllys gyt 
ac ef, ac a difteithadd gdlat U organ ; a Chadwalladn 
y uab a uu uard. 

DCCCCXCII. Ac yna '[blwydyn wedy hynny] a y 
due meibon Meuruc kyrch lvyt YggOyned/ ac y 



»' 5 y bu o veibyon Meuryc wystlon Yngwyned, 



°- '■' C. D. E. 

-■ Xot in E. I 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCES. 31 

the remainder Maredudd, son of Owain, took with 
liim to Ceredigion and Dyved. And then a mor- 
tality took place among all the cattle over the whole 
island of Britain. 

987. And then, ' a year after that/ Ieuav, son of 
Idwal, died, and Owain, son of Howel. And the 
Pagans devastated Llanbadarn, and Mcm-via, and 
Llanilltud, "and Llangarvan/ and Llandvdoch. 

988. And then, l a year after that/ B Glumaen/ 
son of Abloec, was killed. And Maredudd, ' son of 
Owain/ paid to the black Pagans a tribute of a 
penny for each person. And a great mortality took 
place among the men through fain inc. 

989. And, 1 a } r ear after that/ Owain, son of Dyvn- 
wal, was slain. 

990. ] Nine hundred and ninety was the year of 
Christ/ and Maredudd devastated Maes Hyveidd. 

991. 'A year after that/ nine hundred and ninety 
was the year of Christ, when Edwin, son of Einon, 
with i Eclis the Great, a Saxon prince from the seas 
of the South/ devastated all the kingdoms of Mared- 
udd, to wit, Dyved, and Ceredigion, and Gower. and 
Cydweli ; and a second time took hostages from all 
the territory ; and devastated Menevia a third time. 
And Maredudd hired the Pagans willing to join him, 
and devastated Glamorgan ; and his son Cadwallon 
died. 

992. And then, " a year after that/ a the sons of 
Meurug made an inroad into Gwynedd/ and the Isle 



a ' 5 some of the sons of Meurug were hostages in 
Gwynedd, 



4 ' Edylfi seis, C. \ * C 



32 BRUT Y TTWY80GI0N. 

diffeithfcyt ynys Von y gan y kenedloed du(> leu 
Kyrcliauel. 

dccccxciii. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
diruaOr neOyn ygkyfoeth Maredud. Ac y bu vrOydyr 
y rOg meibon Meuruc a Maredud yn ymyl LlangGni, 
ac y goruu ueibon Meuruc; ac yno y lla.s TeOdOr nab 
EinaOn. 

dccccxciv. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] y dift- 
eithGyt ManaO y gan 2 Yswein uab Herald.' 

DCCCCXCV. Ac ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias Idwal 
uab Meuruc. Ac y diffeithdyt 3 Arthmarcha ac y 
lloscet. 

DCCCCxcvriT. Ac ' [teir blyned wedy hynny] y di- 
boblet MynyO y gan y kenedloet. Ac y lias Mor- 
geneu escob y gantunt. Ac y bu varG Maredud uab 
Owein y clotuorussaf vrenhin y Brytanyeifc. 

Dccccxcix. a Mil o vlOynyded oed oet Crist' pan 
diffeithGyt Dulyn y gan yr Yscoteii. Ac y gGledych- 
oOd Kynan uab Howel YggOyned. 

>r. ' [Mil o vlwydyned oed oet Krist,] ac- y diff- 
eithadd y kenedloed Dyfet. 

Mr. Ac '[blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu uarO * Mor 
uab G6yn, ac Iuor 6 Porth Talarthi.' 

Mill. A J [blwydyn] gwedy hynny y lias Kynan uab 
Howel. 

miy. Ac ' ] blwydyn wedy liynny] y dallwyt GOlfac 
ac r ' Vr} r at. 

MV. 7 [Blwydyn wedy hynny y bu y vlwydyn gyntaf 
a elwid 8 decern nouennalis 9 cicli if/] 



a ' I0 Blwydyn wedy liynny, 



1 C. 

v Ywein vab Harald, C 

' Athmntha. C. D. 



4 Ivor, E. 

5 Porthalarchi, C. D. E. 
« Vbiad, C. D. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF Till: PTUXCEN. 38 

of Mona was devastated by (he Pagans on Ascension 
Thursday. 

!>!):>. And then, ] a year after that/ a greal famine 
happened in the territory of Maredudd. Au.l a battle 
took place between the sons of Meurug and Maredudd 

near Llangwm, and the sons of Meurug « [tiered ; and 

there Tewdwr, son of Einon, was slain. 

994 And then, a 'year after that/ the isle of -Man 
was devastated by "Swain, sun of Harold. 

995. And, a l year after that/ Idwal, son of Meurug, 
was killed. And ;i Arthmarcha was devastated and 
burned. 

908. And, ' three years after that/ Menevia was de- 
populated by the Pagans. And bishop Morgeneu was 
killed by them. And Maredudd, son oi' Owaiu. the 
most celebrated kino- n f the rlritons, died. 

9.90. a A thousand was the year of Christ/ when 
Dublin was devastated by the Scots. And Oyuan, 
son of Howel, reigned in Gwynedd. 

1000. 'A thousand was the year of Christ/ and the 
Pagans devastated Dyved. 

1001. And, 'a year after that,' *Mor, son of Cwyn, 
died, and Ivor of 5 Perth Talarthi.' 

1003. Ami, 'a year after that,' ('yuan, son of 
Howel, was killed. 

1004. And, 'a year after that/ Gwlvac and fl Gwriad 
were blinded. 

1005. 7 A year after that was the first year called 
8 decem-novennalis ° cieli il' 



a' » A year after that, 



' C D. E. " !>■ 

' The cycle of 19 years began in 10 C. 

1007. I 



34 BRUT V Tvwvsn 

Mxr. ' [Vn mlyned ar] mil adeg mlyned oed oet 
Crist pan diffeithGyt MynyG y gan y Sac-son B nyt 
amgen y gan Entris ac Vbifl.' Ac y bu uar6 *Hay- 
arndrut' mynacli o Enlli. 

mxii. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] ydaeth 
3 Yswein uab * Herald y Loeger, ac y gyrraOd 5 El- 
dryt nab Etgar oe deyrnas, ac y gOledychatid yny 
gyfoeth, ynyr hbn y bu uarO yny vlGydyn honno. 

MX i ir. Ac yna y kyffroes Brian brenhin holl Iwer- 
don, a MOrcliath y vab a lliaOs o vrenhined ereill yn 
erbyn Dulyn, y He ydoed Sitruc A^ab Abloec yn vren- 
liin. Ac yn eu herbyn y deutb gOyr Largines, a Mael 
Mordaf yn vrenhin arnadunt, at- yniaruoll aorugant yn 
erbyn Brian vrenhin. Ac y hurya6d Sitruc gant yn 
erbyn Brian vrenhin, ac yna y huryaGd Sitruc llogeu 
hiryon aruaOc yn gyflaOn o wyr HurugaOc a "Derotyr 
yn tywyssaGc arnadunt. A gOedy bot brdydyr y ryg- 
tunt agOneuthur aerua o bop tu y Has Brian ae vab 
or neilltu a tliywyssaOc y llogeu 7 ae vraOt/ a Mael 
Morda vrenhin or tu arall. 

mxv. Ac yna ' [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y lias 
Owein uab DyfynwaL Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hyn- 
ny] y goreseynna'id Cnut uab 3 Ys\vein vrenhinjaeth 
Loeger a Denmarc a German! a J [vawr]. 

mxvi. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias Aedan 
uab Blegybryt ae bedwarmeib y gan Lywelyn uab 
Seisyll. 

mxix. Ac ' [teir blyned wedy hynny] y Has Meuruc 
nab ArthiiaeJ. 



Vbis ETaeardtir D Yardur 



• a 

■' Eutrifi ac Ubis, C. 

» Ywoin. ( '. 



' Harald, C. />. E. 
■ Edefret D. E. 



T!!.'- CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 

1011. 'One year and' one thousand and ten was the 

year of Christ, when Menevia, -was devastated by (In- 
Saxons, to wit, by Entris and Ubi.s. And ;i Hayarn- 
drnd/ a monk of Bardsey, died. 

Mill'. And then, 'a yi-.w after thai,' s Swain, son of 
Harold, came to England, and expelled Edelred, son 
of Edgar, from his kingdom, and reigned in his ter- 
ritory, in which lie died in that year. 

1013. And then Brian, king of all Ireland, and his 
son Mwrchath, and many other kings, were stirred up 
against Dublin, where Si true, son of Abloec, was king. 
And against them came the men of Leinster, headed 
by their king Macl Mordav; and they confederated 
against king Brian. And Sitruc hired a hundred 
men against king Brian ; and then Sitruc hired armed 
long ships full of mailed men, headed by 8 Derotyr; 
and after a battle between them, and slaughter made 
on both sides, Brian and his son were killed on one 
side, and the leader of the ships 'and his brother/ 
and king Mael Mordav, on the other side. 

1015. And then, 'two years after that/ Owain, 
son of Dyvnwal, was killed. And then, 'a year after 
that,' Cnute, son of :l Swain, took possession of the 
kingdom of England, and Denmark, and Germany 
1 the Great/ 

1010. And then, 'a year after that/ Aeddan, sea 
of Blegywryd, and his four sons, were killed by 
Llywelyn, son of Seisyll. 

1019. And, 'three years after that/ Meurug, son 
of Arthvael, was killed. 



•"-' K Vl.is llaearnddnr !l larddur 



■ RrodT, C. I). E. 

■' Not in ( '. I>. E, 



- !). A'. 



C 2 



30 BTVUT Y TYWYSOOTON. 

mxx. ' [Vgein mlyned ami] oed oet Krist,] ac yna 
y deeb}TDyga6d neb im Yscot yngelftyd y not yn 
val) y Varedud vivnliin, ac y inynnaOd y IaO eliun 
yn vronliin. Ac y kymertli gdyv y deheu ef yr 
argloyd ac y deyrmis a hena un .Rein. Ac yny 
erbyn yryfelaG;! Llywelyn aab Seisyll gorachel vren- 
liin Gdyned a phennaf achlotuomseaf vrenhm or lioll 
Viytanye.it. Yny amser ef y gnotaei henafyeit y 
teyrnas dywedut bot y gyfoetli ef or mor py gilyd 
yn gyflaOn o aniyldei da a dynyon, hyt na thebygit 
hot na tblaftt nac eissiwedic yny holl wladoed na 
thref 6ac na chyfle diftyc. Ac yna y due Rein Yscot 
Im \m dilosc, a lienvyd defaGt yv Yscoteit yn valch 
syberO, amino awnaeth y wyr y ymlad, ac yn ym- 
■ iii-'M lus adaG a wnaeth ildont niae ef aorvydei. Ac 
ymgyfaruot aoruc yn cliofvn ac elynyon, ac Gynteu 
yn wastat diofyn aoryssant y choydedic drahaus an- 
li'innO. Ac ynteu yn liy diofyn agyrcka&d y 
vrOydyr, a gOedy g0eitha6 y vrOydyr a g6neuthur 
kyliVcdin aorua o Imp tu, a goastat ymlad, drOy leOder 
y Gbyndyt, yna y goruuGyt Ptein Yscot ae hi. A 
herf»yd y dyOedir yny diareb, Annoc dy gi ac nac 
erlifc. El' agyrcIiaOd yn leO ehofyn, ac agilyaOd yn 
waradOydus <» lftynogabl defa&t. Ar GOyndyt yn llid- 
yaOe ae hymlynaOd dray lad y hi a diftbitlmO y wlat, 
ac yspeilaa pob mann, ae distryu hyt y Mare, ac nyt 
ymdangosses ynteu byth o liynny allan. Ar vrOydyr 
liMiinn a vii yn Aber GGyli. A gfiedy liynny y deutli 
2 Eilad a y ynys Prydein/ ac y diffeithdyt Dyuet ac y 
torret Mynyu. 



a ' 3 y dir Kymnire, 



1 C. | •' Eilaf, C. D. E. 



Till-; CHRONICLE OF THE I'KINCKS. 37 

1020. l One thousand and twenty was the year of 
Christ/ and then a certain Scot falsel) pretended to be 
the son of king Maredudd, and caused himself to be 
named king; and the men of the South received him 

as their lord, and to a kingdom ; and his name was 
Rein, And Llywelyn, son of Seisyll, supreme king of 
Gwynedd, and the chief and most renowned king of 

all the Britons, made war against liim. In his time it 
was usual for the elders of his kingdom to say, that 
his dominion was from one sea to the other, complete 
in abundance of wealth and inhabitants; so that it 
was supposed there was neither poor nor destitute 
in all his territories, nor an empty hamlet, nor any 
deficiency. And then Rein the Scol boldly Led on 
his host, and, after the manner of the Scots, proudly 
and ostentatiously exhorted his men to fight, confi- 
dently promising them that he should conquer. And 
so lie boldly approached his enemies, and they coolly 
and fearlessly awaited that vaunting and am 
challenger. He, daring and fearless, repaired t" the 
conflict, and after the battle was fought, with a ge- 
neral slaughter on both sides, and constant lighting, 
through the bravery of the (Jwyneddians, victory Mas 
obtained over Rein the Scot and his host.. And as 
it is proverbially said, 'Excite thy dog, but do not 
pursue;' he assaulted bravely and fearlessly, ami re- 
treated shamefully in a fox-like manner. And the 
Gwyneddians wrathfully pursued him. slaying his 
men, and devastating the country, pillaging every 
place, and destroying it as far as Mercia ; and he 
never from henceforward made his appearance. And 
that battle took place at Aber Gwyli. And after 
that '-' Eilad came a to the island of Britain,' and 
Dyved was devastated, and Menevia was demolished. 



"-' 3 to the land of Wales, 
D K. 



38 BRUT Y TVWYSMGIOX. 

i. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu uarG 
Llywelyn uab SeisylL Ac y kynhalyaOd Ryderch 
uab Iestin llywodraeth y Deheu. 

M xx 1 1 1. Ac yna ' [dwy vlyned wedy liynny] y bu 
ua.rO -Morgencu escob 3 [Mynyw.] 

mxxiv. 4 [Blwydyn wedy hynny y bu y vlwydyn 
gyntaf aelwid 6 decern nouenualis.] 

mxxv. Ac ! [blwydyn wedy liynny] y lias Kynan 
nab Seisyll. 

mxxxi. ' [Vn mlyned ar] deg mlyned arhugeint a 
mil oed oet Crist pan las Ryderch uab Iestin y gan 
yr Yscottoeit. Ac yna y kynhalyaOd lago uab Idwal 
llywodraetli Oyned wedy Ljywelyn uab Seisyll. a A 
Howel a Maredud veibon Etwiii' a gynhalassant 
llywodraeth y Deheu. 

mxxxii. Ac yna J [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu 
weifch ''HiraethOy l [y] r6g meibon Etwin *[a meibyon 
Ryderch. 

mxxxiii. Blwydyn wedy hynny y lias Maredud ap 
Edwin] y gan ueibon Kynan. A CharadaOc uab Ryd- 
erch a las y gan y Saeson. 

Mxxxvr. Ac yna y bu uarG Cnut uah 7 Yswein 
\ ivuhiii Lloeger a Denmarc a Germania. A gGecly y 
varO ef y foes Eilaf hyt yn Germania. 

Mxxxvir. Ac yna ' [pedeir blyned wedy hynny] 
] >y delis' y B kenedloed Ueuruc uab Howel. Ac y lias 
lago vrenhin GOyned ; ac yiry le ynteu y gGledychaOd 
Gruflud uab Llywelyn ab Seisyll, a hOnnO oe declireu 
hyt y diwed a ymlidyaOd y Saeson, ar kenedloed 



a' ,J Ac Edwin a Howel meibion Moreduo. 
''' !l agynhaliassanfc 



1 r. 

'-' Morgynnyd, C. D. E. 
n E. 



1 C. I). E. 

i This was in 102G. 



THE UHBONICLE OF THE PRINi 39 

1021. And then, 'a year after that,' Llywelyn, son 
of Seisyll, died Ami Rhydderch, .son of Iestin, assumed 

the government of the South. 

1023. And then, ' two years alter that/ 8 Mor- 
geneu, bishop 8 of Menevia/ died. 

1024 -1 A year after that was the first year called 
5 decem-novennalis.' 

J 025. And, 'a year after that/ Cynan, son of 
Seisyll, was killed. 

1031. * One year and' one thousand and thirty was 
the year of Christ, when Rhydderch, son of Iestin, was 
killed "by the Scots. And then Iago, son of ldwal, 
held the government of Gwynedd after Llywelyn, son 
of Seisyll. a And Howel and Maredudd, sons of Ed- 
win/ held the government of the South. 

1032. And then, l a year after that,' the action of 
G Hiraethwy took place between the sons of Edwin 
'and the sons of Rhydderch. 

1033. A year after that, Maredudd, son of Edwin, 
was killed' by the sons of Cynan. And Caradog, son 
of Rhydderch, was killed by the Saxons. 

1036. And then, Cnute, son of 7 Swain, king of 
England, and Denmark and Germany, died. And 
after his death Eilav fled into Germany. 

1037. And then, ' four years after that/ the Pagans 
h captured' Meurug, son of Howel. And Iago, king of 
Gwynedd, was slain ; and Grudiidd, son of Llywelyn, 
son of Seisyll, governed in his stead : and he, from 
beginning to end, pursued the Saxons, and the other 



a ' 9 And Edwin and Howel, sons of Maredudd, 
b ' ° supported 



c Irathwy, C. D. E. 
' Ywein, C. 



h houhedigyon, C. 
"D.E. 



40 BRUT V TYWYSOGIO f. 

weill, ac ae lladaOd, ac ae diuaaOd, ac o iuossogr&yd o 
ymladeu ae goruu. Y vrGydyr gyntaf awnaetb yn 
Ryt ' Groes ar Hafren, ;ic yno y goruu cf*. Y vlOyd- 
;, ii Uonno y dibobles ef Lanbadarn, ac y kyuhelis ef 
llywodraetli Deheubarth, ac y gOrtbladaOd Howe! uab 
Etwin oe gyfbetb. 

mxxxyiii. Ac yna - [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu 
uarG ,; Jlciinin escob MynyG. 

mxxxix. Ac yna s [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu 
weith Pen Cadeir, ac y goruu Rufud ar Howel, ac y 
deli y wrcic, ac ac kyinerth yn wreic idaO cliuii. 

mxl Deugein nilyned a mil oed oct Orisb pan uu 
VrOydyr Poll Dyfacli, ac yno y goruu HoOel y ken- 
edloed aoedynt yn diffeithaO Dyfet. Yny vlOydyn 
'-' [lioxuro] y delit Grufud y gnu agenedloed Dulyn.' 

.mx 1,1. Ac yna - [blwydyn wedy l^nny] y bu varG 
II'M.'I uab 4 Etwin brenhin gGlat Vorgan yny heneint. 

mxi. 1 1. Ac yna -[blwydyn wedy liynny j y med- 
ylyaGd HoCel uab Etwin diffeithaO Deheubarth a 
Uyges o genedyl Iwerdon gyt ac cf, ac yny erbyn y 
gwrthGynebaOd idaO Rufud ab Llywelyn. AgOedy bot 
creulaGn vrOydyr a diruaGr aerua ar Ju Howel ar 
GOydy] yn Aber Tywi y dygGydaOd Howel ac y lias, 
ac yna y goruu Rufud. 5 [Ac yna y bu varw Euilfre 
a Mad us vanacl).] 

MXi.in. Ac yna | blwydyn wedy hynny] y bu 
varo Iosei' eseob 'J'cilaO yn Rul'ein. Ac y bu diruawr 



ft' wyr Deheubarth. 



Groc, C. 1 Kercaini, D. llcrinin, E. 

-'('. I » l'wein, C. I), E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 4-1 

nations, and killed and destroyed them, and overcame 
them in a multitude of buttles. The first battle lie 
fought at Rhyd y Groes on the Severn, where lie was 

victorious. That year he depopulated Llanbadarn, 
and obtained the government of South Wales, and 
dispossessed Howe), son of Edwin, of his territory. 

10-38. And then, g a year after that,' 'Heurun, 
bishop of Menevia, died, 

1039. And then, a a year after that/ the art inn of 
Pen Cadeir took place, and (irulludd overcame Howel, 
and captured his wife, and took her to be his own 
wife. 

1040. One thousand and forty was the year of 
Christ, when the. battle of Pwll Dyvacli took place, 
and there Howel vanquished the Pagans who were 
ravaging Dyved. In that year Gruffudd was captured 
by "-the Pagans of Dublin.' 

10-il. And then, - a year after that/ Howel, son of 
4 Edwin, king of Glamorgan, died in his old age. 

1042, And then, *a year after that/ Howel. son of 
Edwin, meditated the devastation of South Wales, 
accompanied by a fleet of the people of Ireland, and 
against him was opposed Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn. 
And after a cruel battle, and a vast slaughter of the 
army of Howel and of the Irish at Abcr Tywi, Howel 
fell and was slaiu, and Gruffudd was victorious. "'And 
then Evilfre, and Mactus the monk, died/ 

1043. And then, 2 a year after that/ Joseph, bishop 
of Llandav, died at Rome. And exceeding treachery 



•' l/, '' the men of South Wales. 



C I). E. I " & 



42 T Y TYWYSOGION. 

il'iyU gan Rufiud a Rys meibon Ryderch ' [ap Iestin] 
yii erbyn Gruffud uab Llywelyn. 

mxlv. Ac yna *[dwy vlyned wedy hynny] 3' dyg- 
l atngylch .I'itli ogeinwyr fceula Grufud drCiy 
dOy J 1 gbyr Ystrat Tywi, ac y dial y rei hynny y 
diffeithaOd Grufud Ystrat Tywi a Dyfefc, Ac yna y 
bu diruaOr eira duO kalan Ionadr, ac y trigyaOd byt 
:1 wyl Badric. 

mxlvii. Ac - [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y lm diff- 
eith holl Deheubartli. 

ml. Deg mlyned a deugein a mil oed oet Crist 
pan ballaOd Ilyges o Iwerdon yn *dyfot y Delieu- 
bartli/ 

ML IV. Ac yna - [pedcir blyned wedy hynny] y 
UadaOd Grufiid uab Llywelyn Ruffud uab Ryderch. 
>y hynny y kyflroes Grufud ab Iiywelyn lu yn 
erbyn y Saeson a chOeiraO bydinoed yn Hen ford ; ae 
yny erbyn y kyfodes y Saeson a diruaOr bu gantunt, 
a "ReinOlf yn tyGyssaOc aruunt ; ac ymgyfaruot aorug- 
;int, a chGeiraG bydinoed ac ymbarattoi y yinlad. Ae 
kyrchu aOnacth Grufud yndiannot, abydinoed kyOeii 1 
gantaO, agOedy hot brGydyr cliwerGdost ar Saeson lieb 
allell godef kynGrM y Brytanyeit, yd ymchoelassant 
ar M<>, ac o diruaOr ladua y dygfcydassant. Ae hymlit 
ynlut awnaeth Gruftud yr gaer, ac y inyOn y doetli, 
a dibobli y gaer aGnaeth ae thorri a llosci y tref ; ac 
odyna gyt a diruaOr anreitli ac yspeil yr ymchoelaOd 
y wlat yn hyfryt uudugaGl. 



1 y periglawd llynghea o Iwerdon ■ Delia vbarth. 



1 E. ' March 1 7. 

- C. I * Not in C. I). 



THE CHBOKICLE OF THE PRINCES. i3 

was practised by Gruffudd and Rhys, sons of Rhyddercb, 
'son of Iestin,' against Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn. 

1045. And bhen, Hwo years after that,' about sewn 
score men of the family of Graifudd fell, through the 
treachery oi' the men of (lit- Vale oi' Tywi, and to 
avenge them, Qruffudd devastated tlie Vale of Tywi 
and Dyved. And then there fell ;i great snow on the 
calends of January, which remained until the 8 feast of 
St. Patrick. 

1047. And, Hwo years after that/ all South Wales 
lay waste. 

.1050. One thousand and Jill)' was the year of Christ, 
• l when a fleet failed coming from Ireland to South 
Wales.' 

1054. And then, -four years after that/ Gruffudd, 
on of Llywelyn, killed Gruffudd, son of Rhyddereh. 
And after that Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, raised an 
army against the Saxons, and arrayed bis forces al 
Hereford ; and against him the Saxons rose with a 
very great host, fi Reinolf being commander over 
them; and they met together, arranged their armies, 
and prepared to fight, Gruffudd attacked them im- 
mediately with, well-ordered troops, and after a se- 
verely hard battle, the Saxons, unable to bear the 
assault of the Britons, took to flight, and fell with a 
very great slaughter. Gruffudd closely pursued them 
to the fortress, which he entered, and depopulated 
and demolished the fortress, and burned the town ; 
and from thence, with very great booty, he returned 
happily and victoriously to his own country. 



•■"a lieet from Ireland endangered South Wales. 



• Ranehrff. CD. I '■ }•?. 



41- BRUT V TYWYSOOION. 

MLVI. Ac yna ' |dwy vlyned wedy liynny] y deuth 
- Magnus nab B Heralt brenhin Gennania y Loeger, 
ac y diffeithaOd v renin nyaetlieu y Saeson ;i Orufud 
vrenhin y Bryfcanyeit yn ty6yssa6c ao yn ganhorfcliOy 
tda6. 

mlvit, Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy liynny] y bu naro 
wein nab Grufud. 

mlxi. ' [ Vn vlyned a] fcrugein mlyned a mil oed 
oet Crist pan dygoydaod Gruftid nab Llywelyn, penn 
atharyan ae amdiffynOr y Brytanyeit drdy dOyl] y wyr 
ehunj y gOr a vuasae] annorehyfegedic kynno hynny, 
yv aOr Jionn aedewit y myun glyimeu difFeithon, 
wedy diruaOron anreitheu, adiuessuredigyon uudugol- 
yaetlien, ac aneiryf oludoed enr ac aryant a gennnen 
u pliorflbrolyon wiscoed. Ac yna y bn uarG Iosef 
edcob MynyO. 

Mi. xii. ' [Blwydyn wedy liynny y ' decern noueii- 
nalia gyntaf.] 

MLXiv. Ac ' [dwy vlyned wedy liynny] y bu narO 
D&nchath nab Brian a yn mynet y Ilufein.' 

MLXVL Ac yna 1 [blwydyn wedy liynny] y nied- 
ylyaOd 'Heralt vrenhin Denmarc darestGg y Saeson, 
\t lifmn a gymerth ° Heralt a rail nab Gotwin iarll 
aoed vrenhin yna yn Lloeger yndirybud diary i", ac o 
deissyfyt ymlad drOy 6 wladaOl ddyll ae trewis yrllaGr 
yny vn narO. Ar Heralt liOnnG a unassei iarll yn 
gyntaf, (roy greulonder gCedy marO Edwart nrenliin 
a enniUaOd yn andylyedns uchelcler teyrnas Loeger, a 
liiuiii'i a ysneiloyfc oe teyrnas ae wyfayt ygan Wiiim 
bastard tyfoyssaGc Normandi, kyt bocsacbei or uudug- 



;i ' ,! y Kuvein ac yno y bu varw. 



1 C. I 'Uanld, C.D.E. 

■ li.xiri Mawp C. ' A.D, 1064, 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRIKCES. 43 

1056. And then, 'two years after thai. Magnus, 
son of Harold, king of Germany, came to England, 
and ravaged tin' dominions of the Saxons, Gruffudd, 
king of the Britons, being conductor and auxiliary \<< 
him. 

1057. And then, 'a year after that,' Owain, sou of 
Gruffudd, died. 

1001. ' Oni! year and' one thousand and sixty was 
the year of Christ, when Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, 
the head and shield, and defender of the Britons, foil 
through the treachery of his own men. The man who 
had been hitherto invincible, was now left in the 
glens of desolation, after taking immense spoils, and 
after innumerable victories, and countless treasures of 
gold and silver, and jewels and purple vestures. And 
then Joseph, bishop of Menevia, died. 

1062. 'A year after that, the first *decem-m 
aalis.' 

1064. And, 'two years after that,' Dwnehath. son 
of Brian, :v died on his way to Rome.' 

1006. And then, 'a year after that/ Harold, kins 
of Denmark, meditated the subjection of the Sax- 
ons ; whom another Harold, the son of earl Godwin, 
who was then king in England, surprised, unwarned 
and unarmed, and by sudden attack, aided by na- 
tional treachery, struck to the ground, and cause. 1 
his death. That Harold who, at first earl, through 
cruelty after the death of king Edward unduly ac- 
quired the sovereignty of the kingdom of England, 
was despoiled of his kingdom and life by William 
the Bastard, duke of Normandy, though previou h 



n ' c ' went to Rome, and there he died. 

••' dailawl, C. I " D.E. 



4G BRUT Y TYWTSOGION. 

olyaeth kynno hynny. Ar GOilim honnO dr6y diruaGr 
vrOydyr a aimliffynnaOd teyrnas Loeger o anorch- 
fygedic la6 ae uonhedickaf hi. 

UUCVm. Ac yna y bu weith Meclien rGg Bledyn 
a RuallaOn vcibon Kynfun, a Maredud ac Itliel veib- 
yon Grufud. Ac yna y dygOydadd meibon Grufud. 
Itliel a las yny vrOydyr a Maredud a uu varO o 
annOyt yn ffo ; ac yno y lias RuaflaGn uab Kyn- 
uyn. Ac yna y kynhellis Bledyn uab Kynfun GOyned 
a Phowys, a Maredud uab Owein uab Etwin agyn- 
helia Deheubarth. 

mj.xx. Deg mlyned athrugein a mil oed oet Crist 
pan Los Maredud uab Owein y gan GaradaOc uab 
Grufud uab Ryderdi ar Freinc ar Ian avou ' Rymhi 
Ac yna y lias 2 Macmael Minbo clotuorussaf a chad- 
arnaf urenhin y Gwydyl o deissyfyt vrOydyr y gOr a 
oed aruthur Grfch y elynyon a hynads y giOtaOtwyr, a 
g6ar drtli jtrrn-inyon adieithreit. 



mlxxt. Yua B [blwydyn wedy hynny] y diffeithaOd 
y Freinc QeredigyaGn a Dyuet, a MynyG a Bangor a 
diffeithOyt y gan y genedloed. Ac yna y bu uarO 
Bleiddut escob MynyO ; ac y kymertli 4 Sulien yr 
i iscobaOt. 

mlxxii. Yna 3 [blwydyn wedy hynny] yr eilweith y 
diffeithaOd y Ffreinc GeredigyaOn. 

MLXxnr. Ac yna a [blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
Bledyn uab Kynuyn y gan Rys fl ab Owein dr&y 
dOyll dryc ysprytolyon pennaetheu, ac uchelwyr Ys- 
trat Tywi, y g&r a oed gOedy Grufud y uradt yn 
kynnal yn arderchaOc holl deyrnas y Brytanyeit. 



1 Rympni, D. \ a C. 

■ Dei nil id, C, 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRIN< 47 

vauntingly victorious. Ami that William defended 
the kingdom of England in :i great battle, with an 
invincible Land, and his niosl noble army. 

1068. And then the action of Mechain took place 

between Bleddyn and Rhiwallon. sons of Cynvyn, 
and Maredudd and Ithel, sons of Gruffudd; when 
the sons of Gruffudd felL [the! was killed in the 
battle, and Maredudd died of cold, in his flight ; and 
there Rhiwallon, son of Cynvyn, was slain. And 
then Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn, hold Gwynedd and 
Powys ; and Maredudd, son of Owain. son of Edwin, 
held South Wales. 

1070. One thousand and seventy was the year of 
Christ, when Maredudd, son of Owain. was killed by 
Caradog, son of Gruffudd, son of Rhydderch, and the 
French, on the banks of the river 'Rymney. And 
then e Macmael Minbo, the most renowned and most 
powerful king of the Gwydddians, was slain in a 
sudden onset; — the man who was terrible to his foes, 
friendly to his countrymen, and gentle towards pil 
grims and strangers. 

1071. Then, :1 a year after that/ the French ravaged 
Ceredigion and Dyved, and Menevia, and Bangor 
were laid waste by the Pagans. And then Bleiddud, 
bishop of Menevia, died; and Sulien assumed the 
bishopric. 

1072. Then, 8 a year after that/ a second time the 
French devastated Ceredigion. 

1073. And then, 8 a year after that/ Bleddyn, son of 
Cynvyn, was killed l>y Rhys, son of Owain, through 
the deceit of evil-minded chieftains and the noble- 
men of the Vale of Tywi — the man, who after Gruf- 
fudd his brother nobly supported the whole kingdom 



1 Sulgenius, D. \ '- nab, V. 



48 r.RTTT V TYWYS'.filOX. 

Ac yny ol ynteu y gdledychadd Trahayarn nab 
KaradaGc y gefynderG ar teymas 'y QOndyt/ a llys 
8 ab Owcin a llydereh nab KaradaGc agynbalas- 
sant :l Deheubartb. Ac yna yd ymladaOd Grufud uab 
Kynan Gyr I ago a :i Mon, ac y llada&d y GGyndyt 
KynOric uab RuallaOn. Ac yna y bu vr&ydyr yg 
KamdGr r6g GoronG a Llywdyn meibion KadOgaOn n 
I lharada&c nab Grufud gyt ac (»ynt, a llys nab Owein 
a Ryderch nab CaradaOe ygyt ar rei hynny befyfc. 
Yny vldydyn honno y bu vrGydyr Broun yv ErG rGg 
Gruffxid a Thrahayarn. 



MLXXrV. Ac yna *[blwydyn wedy hynny] y lias 
Ryderch uab CaradaGc y gan ftEeireha&n uab Rys uab 
Ryderch y gefynderG drGy dGyll. 

mi, xxv. Ac yna x [blwydyn wedy bynny] y bn 
vrGydyr h GGennottyll rug Llywelyn a meibon Kad- 
Gg,iGn a llys uab Own-in a Ryderch uab KaradaGc, y 
rei aoruuant eilweith.' 

MLXXVI. Ac yna '' [blwydyn wedy bynny] y bu 
vr&ydyr Pull GGdyc, ac yna y goruu Trahayarn bivn- 
liiu Gdyned, ac y dialadd g(aet Bledyn uab Kynuyn 
drOy rat Dud, yr hdnn a mi waraf a thrugaroccaf or 
brenhined; ac nyfc argyGedei y nob o ny chodit, a 
]>lian god it, oo anuoil y dialei ynteu y godyant ; gGar 



ft' •'' Manaw, 

h ' c ' Gweun y nygyl rwng meibion Cadwgawn yr eil 
veitli, a Rys vab Oweyn, ac y goruu wyt ar Rys \" r 
eil weitli. 7 y rei y gorwwyd eilweitb arnunt. 



" Wyn.-.i, c. I •ydeheu, C. 

• nab. D. \ * C. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 49 

of the Britons. .Ami after him Traliaiarn, son of 
Caradog, his cousin, ruled over the kingdom of the 
Qwyneddians ; and Rhys, sun of Owain, and Rhydd- 
erch, son of Caradog, held South Wales. And then 
Gruffudd, son of Oynan, fought against the men of 
Iago and of a Mona/ and the Qwyneddians killed 
Cynvrig, son of Rhiwallon. And then, a battle took 
place at Camddwr, between Goronwy and Llywelyn, 
sons of Cadwgan, and Caradog, son of Gruffudd, on 
the one side, and Rhys, son of Owain, and Rbydderch, 
son of Caradog, also on the other side. In that year 
the battle of Bron yr Erw took place between Gruf- 
fudd and Traliaiarn. 

1074. And then, *a year after that/ Rhydderch, 
son of Caradog, was killed by his cousin, Meirchion, 
son of Rhys, son of Rhydderch, through treachery. 

1075. And then, *a year after that/ "'the battle of 
Gwennottyll took place between Llywelyn and the 
sons of Cadwgan, and Rhys, sun of Owain, and Rhydd- 
erch., sou of Caradog, who prevailed a second time.' 

1076. And then, 4 a year after that/ the battle of 
Pwll Gwdyg took place, when Traliaiarn, king of 
Gwynedd, prevailed, and, by the grace of God, 
avenged the blood of Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn, who 
was the mildest and most merciful of the kings, and 
who would injure no one unless offended, and when 
offended, it was against his will that he then avenged 



a ' 5 the isle of Man, 

1,/0 the fight of Gweun y Nygyl took place between 
the sons of Cadwgan, the second time, and Rhys, 
son of Owain ; and Rhys was overcome the second 
time. 7 who were overcome a second time. 



5 7?. I » a 

JJ.E. I 

1) 



50 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

oed 6rth y gereint, ac amdiffynOr ymdiueit a gGeinon 
a gGedwon. a chedernyt y doeth, ac enryded a grOnd- 
wal yr eglGysseu, a didanOch y gOlatoed, a had 
forth baOp, arutlmr yn ryfel a hegar ar heddch, ac 
amdiffyn y baOb. Ac yna y dyg6ydaOd holl teulu 
Rys, ac ynteu yn £Foa6dyr, megys karO ofnaOc yni 
blaen y inilgOn drOy y perfchi ar creigeu. Ac yn 
diwed y vlGydyn ' [lionno] yllas Rys ~ [a] Howel y 
vraOt y gan GaradaOc ap Gniifud. Ac yna yd edewis 
3 Sulyen y escobaGt, ac y kyraerth y 4 Uraham, 



mlxxvii. Ac yna 5 [blwydyn wedy hynny] y de- 
chreua6d Rys ab TeOdOr wludyclm. 

MLXXViir. Ac 5 [bhvydyn wedy hynny] y diffeitli- 
6yt MynyO yn druan y gan y kenedloed ; ac y btt 
uarO y l Vraham escob MynyO, ac y kynierth Sulyen 
yr cscobaOt eilweith oe anuod. 

mlxxix. Ac yna 5 [blwydya wedy hynny] y bu 
vrOydyr ym mynyd Cam, ac yna y lias Traliayarn 
uab KaradaOc, il uab ' Grnffnd 6yr Iago, ar Yscotteit 
gyt ac ef yn ganhorthOy idaO. Ac y lias GOrgeneu 
uab Seissyll drOy dOyll gan veibon Rys Seis. Ac yna 
6 [yn y vhvydyn lionno | y denth Gwiliin vastard 
Yivnliin y Saeson ar Freinc ar Brytanyeit Orth 
wediaft dr6y bererindaOt y VynyO. 

mlxxx. ,; [Y dechrewt edeiliat Caer Dyf.] 



a ' 6 a meibion Riwallawn ; Caradauc a Grufyd a 
Meilir y gan Rys vab Teudwr, canys 



1 D. I ' Snlgenius, C. 

a C. D. ap, A. \ 4 Abraham, D. Euream, C. 



THE CHEONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 51 

the offence. He was gentle bo his relations, and 
was defender of the orphans, the helpless, and the 

willows: was tin- supporter of the wise, tlic hi 
and stay of the churches, and I lie comfort of* the 
countries ; generous to all, terrible in war, and 
amiable in peace, and a defence to every one. And 
there all the family of |;|i\s fell, and himself became 
a fugitive, like a timid stag before the hounds, 
through the thickets and rocks. And at the end of 
that year Rhys, -and llowcl, his brother, "were killed 
by Caradog, son of Gruffudd. And then Sulien re- 
signed his bishopric, and it was assumed by Abraham. 

1077. And then, 6 a year after that/ Rhys, son of 
Tewdwr, began to reign. 

1078. And, 5 a year alter that/ Menevia was miser- 
ably devastated by the Pagans; and Abraham, bishop 
of Menevia, died ; and Sulien took the bishopric the 
second time against his inclination. 

1079. And then, fi a year after that/ the battle on 
Cam mountain took place, when were sin in Trahaiarn, 
son of Caradog, a the son of Gruffudd, grandson of 
Iago, and with him the Scots, his auxiliaries. . And 
Gurgeneu, son of Seisyll, was treacherously killed by 
the sons of Rhys the Saxon. And then, fi in that 
year/ William the Bastard, king of bhe Saxons and 
the French and the Britons, came for prayer on a 
pilgrimage to Menevia. 

1080. 6 The building of Cardiff began/ 



a ' G and the sons of Rhiwallon, Caradog and GrufTudd 
and Meilir, by Rhys, son of Tewdwr, for 






0288481 



52 BRUT Y TTWYSOGION. 

mlxxxt. ' [Un mlyned a plied war ugeint a mil oed 
oet Krist pan oed y a decern noueunalis gyntaf'.J 

mlxxxiii. Pedwar ugein mlyned a mil oed oet 
Crist pan edewifl '' Sulyeu y escobaOt y dryded weith, 
ac y kymerth Wilftre. 

mtaxxiv. 4 [Blwydyn wedy liynny y bu varw Ter- 
delach brenliin Yscottieit nev y Gwydyl.] 

''.Mf.xXXV. Ac yna c [blwydyn wedy Lynn}'] y bu 
uarO Gwilim vastard, tyvvys.saOc y Norm any eit a bren- 
liin y Saeson ar Brytanyeit ar Albanwyr, wedy digaGn 
o ogonyant a chlot y llithredic vyt yma, a goedy 
gogoneduson vndugolyaetlieu ac enryded o oludoed ; 
a goedy ef y gOledychaod GOilim Goch y uab. 

mlxxxvii. Ac yna G [blwydyn wedy liynny] y 
gortliladOyt Rys uab TeOdOr oe gyfoeth ae teyrnas y 
gan vei l)on Bled)m uab Kynuyn, nyt amgen Mada6c 
a ChadOgaOn a 7 Ilidit ; ac ynteu a gilyaOd y Iwerdon. 
Ac yny lie goedy liynny y kvnluillaod 8 [or Gwyddyl] 
ac y ymchoelaOd dracliefyn. Ac yna y bu vrGydyr 
Llych Crei, ac y Has a meibon ' Bledyn, ac y rodes 
Ry.s ab TeOdOr diruaGr sOlIt yr llygheswyr Yscotteit 
ar Gdydyl a deutliant yn bortli idaO. 



Mr.xxxvin. Ac yna fi [blwydyn wedy hynny] y 
ducpOyt yscrin Dewi yn llcdrat or egluys ac yspeiloyt 



a' 10 -^vyi'ion " deu vab y Vledynt vab Kynvyn nyt 
amgen no Madoc a Ririt. 



1 CD. 

■ A.D. 1083. 
3 Siilgenius, C. 



4 C. P. E. 

'■' mi.xxxvii., D. 

C. 



Tllli CHRONICLE OK THE PRINCES. 53 

1081. 'One thousand and eighty-one was the year 
of Christ, when the first -decem-novcnnalis oernnvd/ 

1083. One thousand and eighty was the year of 
Christ, when Sullen resigned his bishopric the third 
time, and Wilffre took it. 

108k 4 A year after that, Terdelach, king of the 
Scots or Gwyddelians, died.' 

1085. And then, r 'a year after that/ died William 
the Bastard, prince of the Normans, and king of the 
Saxons, the Britons, and the Albanians, after a suffi- 
ciency of the glory and fame of this transient world, 
and after glorious victories, and the honour acquired 
by riches ; and after him William Rufu.s, his son, 
reigned. 

1087. And then, "a year after that,' Rhys, son of 
Tewdwr, was expelled from his territory and his king- 
dom by the sons of Bleddyn, sons of Cynvyn, t<> wit, 
Madog, and Cadwgan, and Rhirid, and he himself 
retreated into Ireland. And immediately afterwards 
he collected a fleet 8 of the Gwyddelians/ and re- 
turned again. And then the battle of ° Llych Crei ' 
took place, and the a sons' of Bleddyn were slain. 
And Rhys, son of Tewdwr, gave an immense sum of 
money to the mariners, Scots .and Gwyddelians, who 
had come to assist him. 

1088. And then, ° a year after that/ the shrine of 
St. David was taken by stealth out of the church, 



a "° grandsons n two sons of Bleddyn, son of 
Cynvyn, to wit, Madog and Rhirid. 



7 Ririt, C. D. 

Llech y Kreu, C. Llcch Ryt, D. 



E. 
CD. 



54 BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

yn llGyr yn ymyl y dinas. Ac yna y crynaGd y dayar 
vii diruawr ;v yn hoi] ynys Prydein/ 

MLXXxix. Ac yna * [dwy vlyned wedy hynny] y 
bu naio -Suly. m escob MynyG, y doethaf or Bryt- 
anyeit ac arderchadc o grefydus uucheil, wedy clotuor- 
dysgedigaoth y disgyblon a cliraflaf dysc y 
plOyfeu, y petwar ugeinuet vlGydyn oe oes, ar unvet 
cisseu o vgein oe gyssegredigaeth nos galan IonaOr. 
Ac yna y torrefc MynyO y gan genedyl yr ynyssed. 
Ac y bu uarw Kcdiuor uab GollGyn. '• A Llywelyn y 
vaV ae vrodyr a OaliaGdyssaiit RufFud uab Maredud, 
ac yn y erbya yd ymladaOd Rys ab TeGdGr 8 [ac yn 
yminy) Llandydodi y bu ymlat ryngthunt, ac y goruu 
Rys] ac ac gyrraGd ar tfo ; ac yny diwed y lladaOd. 



mxci. 1 [Un mlyned ar] deg mlyned a phedwar 
ugein a mil oed oet Crist pan las Rys ab TeGdGr 
brenhin Deheubarth y gan y Ffreinc aoed yn pres- 
sGylaG BrecbeinaGc. Ac yna y dyg&ydaGd teyruas y 
Brytanyeit. Ac yna yd yspe.ila.od KadOgaOn uab 
Bledyn Dyuet c yr eildyd o Vei/ Ac odyna deuvis 
wedy hynny amgyleh kalan Gorffena y deuth y 
Ffreinc y Dyuet a CheredigyaOn, y rei ae kynhallas- 
ant etwa. ac y gadarahayssant y kestyll, a holl tir 
y Brytanyeit ' [a achubasant.] Ac yna y lias y Moel 
COlOm ab DGnchath brenin y Picteit ar Albanyeit y 



R ' 4 dros wyneb Kymre. 

''' 6 ay veibyon ynteu Llywelyn 

c' 6 ychydic kyn kalan Mei. 



1 C. i » a D. E. 

- Sulgeuius, C, ' D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINi 55 

and was completely despoiled close fco the city. And 
then there was a dreadful earthquake "in all the 
island of Britain/ 

1089. And then, ' two years after that.' Sulien, 
bishop of Menevia, the wisest "I' (he Britons, and il- 
lustrious for his religious life, died, — after tho most 

praiseworthy instructi if his disciples, and the most 

vigilant teaching of his parishes, — in the eightieth year 
of his age, and the twentieth but one of his consecra- 
tion, on the eve of the calends of January. And then 
Menevia was demolished by the Pagans of the Isles. 
And Cedivor, son of Collwyn, died. ''And his son, 
Llywelyn/ and his brothers invited ClriiH'itdd, son of 
Maredudd ; and Lillys, son of Tewdwr, fought against 
him, 3 and near Llandydoch a battle took place 
between them, and Rhys was victorious,' and drove 
him to flight, and at last slew him. 

1091. ' One year and' one thousand and ninety was 
the year of Christ, when Rhys, son of Tewdwr. king 
of South Wales, was killed by the French, who tn- 
habited Brecheiniog; and then fell the kingdom of the 
Britons. And then Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, de- 
spoiled Dyved c on the second day of May.' And 
then, two months after that, about the calends of 
July, the French came into Dyved and Ceredigion, 
which they have still retained, and fortified the castles, 
and 'seized upon' all the, land of the Britons. And 
then Malcolm, son of Dwnchath, king of the Picts 



a ' 4 over the face of Wales. 

]>/ 6 and his sons, Llywelyn 

c ' ° a little before the calends of May. 



• C. TJ. E. " l>. 



50 MlUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

gan y Freinc, ac Ed wart y vab. Ac yna y gdediaGd 
Margaret urenhines gOreic y Mod Coldin ar Du6 dr6y 
ymdiret yndaO gOedy elybot Had y g&r ae mab by t 

na bei vyO lii yny varOaOl uuched yma ; a gOrandaO 
a oruc Du6 y gdedi, kanys crbyn y seithuet dyd y 
bil uarO. 

mxcii. Ac yna ' [blwydyn wedy hynny] yd aeth 
GOilim Goch brenhin yr hGnn kyntaf aoruu ar y 
m o glotuorussaf ryfel liyt yn Normandi y gadO 
ae y amdiffyn teyrnas Ropert yvradt, yr hGnn aathoed 
hyt yg Kaerusalem y ymlad ar Sasinyeit a chen- 
edloed ereill agkyfyeith, ac y amdiffyn a y Criston- 
ogyon/ ac y haedu mGy o glot. A G6ylirn yn trigyaO 
yn Normandi y gGrthladaGd y Brytanyeit lywodraeth 
y Ffreinc heb allel godef eu creulonder, athorri y 
kestyll YggGyned, a mynyclm anreithaG a Uaduaeu 
iiriiuiit. Ac yna y due y Ffreinc luoed hyt YggGyn- 
ed; ae kyuerbynyeit aoruc KadOgaGn nab Bledyn, ae 
kyrehu a goruot arnunt, ae gyrru ar ffo ae Had o 
diruaOr ladua. Ar vrtiydyr honno aGnaethjjGyt ygkoet 
- Tsp6ys. Ac yn diwed y vlGydyn honno y torres y 
Brytanyeit holl gestyll KeredigyaGn a Dyuet, eithr 
dcu, nyt anigen Penuro a Ryt y Gors. Ar bobyl 
a holl anifcileit Dyfet ;i dugant gantunt, ac adaO 
awnaetbant Dyfet a CheredigyaGn yn diffeith. 



M.xcin. Y vlOydyn rae Gyneb y difteithaOd y 
Ffreinc GOhyr a Chedweli ac Ystrat Tywi ; ac y trig- 



a ' 3 y Gristonogaeth 



' ( *■ | '-' Yspes, 1). Yspys, E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 57 

and Albanians, and Edward his son. were killed by 
the French. And then queen Margaret, the Mile el' 
Malcolm, prayed to God, trusting in Him. alter she 
had heard that her husband and son were killed, that, 
she might not survive in this mortal state ; and God 
hearkened unto her prayer, for by the seventh day 
she was dead. 

1092. And then, > a year after that,' king William 
Rufus, who first by a most glorious war prevailed 
over the Saxons, went to Normandy to keep and de- 
fend the kingdom of Robert his brother, who had gone 
to Jerusalem to fight against the Saracens and other 
barbarous nations, and to protect a the Christians/ 
and to acquire greater fame. Whilst William re- 
mained in Normandy, the Britons resisted the domi- 
nation of the French, not being able to bear their 
cruelty, and demolished their castles in Gwynedd, 
and iterated their depredations and slaughters among 
them. And then the French led their armies into 
Gwynedd ; and Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, went against 
them, and attacked and prevailed over them, put- 
ting them to flight, and killing them with immense 
slaughter. And that battle was fought in the wood 
of 2 Yspwys. And towards the close of that year the 
Britons demolished all the castles of Ceredigion and 
Dyved, except two, to wit, Pembroke and Rhyd y 
Gors. And the people and all the cattle of Dyved 
they brought away with them, leaving Dyved and 
Ceredigion a desert. 

1093. The ensuing year, the French devastated 
Gower, Cydweli, and the Vale of Ty wi; and the coun- 



"•'•'' Christianity, 



C. 



58 BRUT Y TYWYSOOTOX. 

\;i-.| y gOladoed yn diffeith. A haulier y cynhaeaf y 
kyffroes GOilim vrenhin hi yn erbyn y Brytanyeit, a- 
gOedy kyuiryt or Brytanyeit en hamdiflyn yny coetyd 
ar glynned yd ymchoelaOd Gwilini adref yn orOac heb 
ennill dim. 

Mxcrv. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO GOilim 
mil) Baldwin, yr hOnn a rOndOala&d castell Ryt y 
1 [o arch brenhin Lloegyr. A gvredy y varw ef 
yr edewis y gwercheidweid y kastell yn wac] Ac 
yna y gOrthladaOd Brytanyeit BrecheinaGc a GGent a 
GOenllOc arglOydiaeth y Ffreinc. Ac yna y kyffroes 
y Ffreinc lu y Went, ac yn orOac heb ennill dim 
ydymchoelassant, ac y lias yn ymchoelnt drachefyn 
y gan y Brytanyeit yny lie aelwir 2 Kelli Carnant. 
GOedy hynny y Ffreinc a gyffroasant lu y a Bryt- 
anyeit ;' a medylaO diffeithaO yr holl wlat heb allu 
cuplau eu medol yn ymchoelnt drachefyn y lias gan 
veil 'on Iduerth ab .KadOgaOn, Griifnd ac Iuor, yny 
lie aelOir Aber Llech. Ar kiGdaOtwyr a drigyassant 
yn entei yn '• diodef yn diofyn ' yr bot y kestyll 
etwa yn gyfan ar kastellwyr yndunt. Yny vlOydyn 
honno y kyrchaOd Ychtrnt nab Etwin a Howel uab 
GoronO a llawer o bennaetheu ereill gyt ac Oynt, ac 
ymlad a o teulu KadOgaOn uab Bledyn y ga.stell Pen- 
uro ae hyspeilaO oe holl anifeileit, a diffeithaO yr 
holl wlat, achyt a diruaOr anreith ydymchoelassant 
adref 



Mxcv. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y diffeithaOd Geralt 
ystiwart yr hOnn y gorchymyna.ssit idaO ystiward- 



a ' * Vrycheinyawc ; b ' 5 yn ergrynedic 



'CD. • Kelli Oarua-wc, C. Carnawc. 

I V. Gravoc, E. 






THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. .">!) 

tries remained a desert. And about the middle of 
harvest king William raised an army against (lie 
Britons; and after the Britons had taken to their 
fastnesses in the woods and glens, William returned 
home empty, without having gained anything. 

1094. The ensuing year William, Bon of Baldwin, 
died, who founded the castle of Rhyd y Gors, 'by 
the command of the king of England. And after his 
death the custodians left the castle empty.' And then 
the Britons of Brecheiniog, Gwent, an. I Gwenllwg 
resisted the domination of the French. And then the 
French directed on army against Gwent, but empty, 
and without having gained anything, they retreated ; 
and in returning back (hey were slain by the Britons, 
in the place called 2 Celli Carnant. After that the 
French raised an army against a the Britons,' medi- 
tating the devastation of the whole country ; without 
being able to fulfil their intention, on returning back, 
they were cut off by the sons of Idnerth. son of 
Cadwgan, Grufiudd and Ivor, in the place called Aber 
Llech. And the inhabitants remained in their houses, 
*• ' confiding fearlessly/ though the castles were yet 
entire, and the garrisons in them. In that year, Uch- 
trud, son of Edwin, and Howel, son of Goronwy, with 
many other chieftains of the family of Cadwgan, son 
of Bleddyn, marched and fought against the castle 
of Pembroke, despoiled it of all. its cattle, ravaged 
the whole country, and with an immense booty re- 
turned home. 

10.95. The ensuing year, Gerald the steward, to 
whom had been assigned the stewardship of the castle 



Brecheiniog, l,/r ' tremblingly. 



a. C, l>. 1 i ^- 

1 C. D. E. 



GO BRUT Y TYWYSOGrON. 

aeth castell Penuro ' teruyneu MynyO. Ac yna yr 
eilweith y kyftroes GOilim vrenhin Lloeger aneiryf o 
luoed a diruaOr uedyant a gallu )'n erbyn y Brvtan- 
yeit. Ac yna y gochelaOd y Brytanyeit eu kynnOrOf 
Oynt, heb obeithaG yndunt e hunain namyn gan ossot 
gobeith yn DuO creaGdyr pob peth drGy » ymprydyaO 
ngOediaO ' arodi kardodeu a chymryt garO bennyt ar 
eu kyrff*. Ivaimy leuassei y Freinc kyrclm y creigeu 
ar coedyd, namyn gGibyaG yg gGastadyon veussyd. 
Yny diwed yn orOac yd yincboelassant adref heb 
ennill dim ; ar Brytanyeit yn hyfryt digiynedic a 
ymdiffynnassant eu gOlat. 

mxcvi. Y AdGydyn rac Gyneb y kyffroes y Ffreinc 
luoed y drydcd weith yn erbyn GGyned, a deu 
dyGyssa6c yn eu blaen, a Hu ~ [vras] I aril Am- 
Oythic yn bennaf arnunt. A pbebyllyaO aorugant yn 
erbyn ynys Von 2 [y lie y gelwyt Aber Lliennauc, 
ac y gwnaetliant gastell yno], Ar 3 Brytanyeit gGedy 
kilyaO yr lleoed kadarnaf udunt oe gnotaedic defaOt 
ac a gaOssant yn eu kyghor acbubeit Mon. A gOabaOd 
attaint forth amdiflyn udunt Hyges ar uor o iGerdon 
drGy gymryt y rodyon ar gobreu y gan y Ffreinc. 
Ac yna yd edewis KadGgaGn uab Bledyn a Grufud 
nal) Kynan ynys Von, ac y kilyassant y Iwerdon rac 
ofyn tOyll y gGyr e hunein. Ac yna y deuth y 
Ffreinc y mydn yr ynys, ac y lladassant rei owyr yr 
ynys. Ac ual ydoedynt yntrigyaO yno y deutb 
'.Magnus brenbin 6 Germania a rei oc logeu gantaO 



imprytyeu a gCedieu 



1 The original word seems to have 
been tremygu; the other is written 
over it in auother hand. 



-■ J). 

3 Gwindyd, CD. 



THE CHR08IGLE OF THE PJtTNCES. Gl 

of Pembroke, ravaged the boundaries of Menevin. 

And then, the second time, William, king of England, 
assembled innumerable hosts, -with immense means 
and power, against the Britons. And then the Britons 
avoided their impulse, nut confiding in themselves, 

but placing their hope in God, the Creator <>f all 
things, by a fasting and praying,' and giving alms, and 
undergoing severe bodily penance. For the French 
dared not penetrate the rocks and the woods, but 
hovered about the level plains. At length thc\ re- 
turned home empty, without having gained anything; 
and the Britons, happy and unintimidated, defended 
their country. 

109G. The ensuing year the French, for the third 
time, assembled their troops against Gwynedd, con- 
ducted by two leaders, with Hugh 9 the Fat,' earl of 
Shrewsbury, as chief over them ; and they encamped 
against the isle of Mona, 8 in the place called Aber 
Llieunog, where they built a castle.' And the 
Britons, having retreated to their strongest places, 
according to their usual custom, agreed in council to 
save Mona. And they invited to their defence a fleet 
that was at sea from Ireland, which had accepted 
gifts and rewards from the French. And then Cad- 
wgan, son of Bleddyn, and Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 
left the isle of Mona, and retreated into Ireland, for 
fear of the treachery of their own men. And then 
the French entered the island, and killed some of the 
men of the island. And whilst they tarried there, 
4 Magnus, king of G Germany, came, accompanied by 



»' 6 fasts and prayers, 



* Maurus, C. " C. 

5 Norwei, D. 



02 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOX. 

hyt ym Moil drfiy obeithad kaffel gorescyn ar wlatoed 
y Brytanyeit. A gOedy clybot o ' Vagnus brenhin y 
Ffreinc yn mynych vedylya6 diffeithaO yr boll wlat, 
ae <liiyii hyt ar. dim, dyfiyssyaG aoruc y eu kyrcbu. 
Ac ual yd oedynt yn ymsaethu y neill rei or mor ar 
rei ereill or fcrr y brathOyt Hn iai-ll yn y Gyneb, ac 
o laO y brenhin ehun yny vrGydyr y digfjydaOd. Ac 
yna ydedewis Magnus vrenhin drOy deissyfyt kyghor 
teruyneu y wlat. A d&yn aoruc y Freinc oil a maOr 
a bychan hyt ar y Saeson. A gdedy na allei y 
(iOndyt godef kyl'reitheu a barneu a tbreis y Freinc 
arnunt, kyfodi aorugant eilweith yn eu herbyn, ac 
Owein nab Edwin yu dywyssaGc arnadunt y gOr 
adugassei y Freinc gynt y Von. 



mxcvii. Y vlOydyn gOedi hynny yd ymchoelaOd 
Kad6ga0n nab Bledyn a Gruffud uab Kynan o Iwer- 
don. A gGedy hedyebu ar Ffreinc o nadunt ran or 
wlat a actrabassant. KadGgaGn uab Bledyn a gymertli 
KeredigyaGn a cbyfran o Bowys, a Grufi'ud agauas Mon. 
Ac yna y lias Llywelyn uab KadGgaGn y gan wyr 
BrecheinaGc. Ac ydaetb Howel uab Ifcbel y Iwerdon. 
Yny vldydyn honno y bu uarO 2 Rychmarch doetb mab 
:| Sulyen escob, y doetbaf "■o doetbon y Brytanyeit/ y 
dryded vlOydyn a deugein oe oes, y g6r ny cbyfodaOd 
yn yr oessoed cael y gyffelyb kyn noc ef, ac nyt 
haGd credu na thybygu cael y gyfryG gGedy ef. Ac 
ni chaGssei dysc gan arall eiryoet eitliyr gan y dat 



A ' 4 or Kynire, 



1 Maurus, C. " Rytheiuarcli, C. 



THE ( llliOMil.i: OF THE PRINCES. (»:! 

.some of his ships, as far as Mona, hoping to be ena- 
bled to take possession of the countries of the Britons, 
And when king ' Magnus had heard of the frequent 
designs of the French to devastate the whole country, 
and to reduce it to nothing, he hastened to attack 
them. And as i hey were mutually shooting, the one 
party from the sea, and the oilier party from the 
land, earl Hugh was wounded in the face. I>y the hand 
of the king himself. And then king Magnus, with 
sudden determination, left the borders of the country. 
So the French reduced all, as well great, as small, to 
be Saxons. And when the Gwyneddians could not 
bear the laws and judgments and violence of the 
French over them, they rose up a second time against 
them, having, as their commander, Owain, son of 
Edwin, the man who had originally brought the 
French into Mona. 

1097. The year after that, Cadwgan, son of Bledd- 
yn, and GrufFudd, son of Cynan, retur I from Ire- 
land. And after they had made peace with the 
French, they retained part of the country ; Cadwgan, 
son of Bleddyn, took Ceredigion and a portion of 
Powys ; and GrufFudd obtained Mona. And then 
Llywelyn, son of Cadwgan. was killed by the men of 
Brecheiniog ; and Howel, son of Ithel, went to Ire- 
land. In that year died llyth march the Wise, son of 
bishop Sulien, the wisest "■of the wise among the 
Britons/ in the forty-third year of his age; the man 
whose like had not appealed before for ages, ami it, 
is not easy to believe or to imagine that one similar 
shall be found after him j and who had never received 



a' 4 of the Welsh, 



Sulgenius, C. I « D. 



04 BRUT Y TYWY80GION. 

f'hun, gOedy adassaf enryded y genedyl o bun, a 
gOedy klotuorussaf ac atnedydussaf ganmaGl y gyfnes- 
savyon genedloed, nyt amgen Saeson a Freinc a cben- 
edloed eraill or tu draO y vor, a hynny dr(»y gyft- 
redin gOynuan paOb yn doluryaO eu callonneu y bu 
narO. 

M.xr'Viir. Yny vlOydyn rac 6yneb y Has Goilim Gocli 
brenhin y Saeson, yr bGnn a GnaetbpGyt yn urenhin 
gOedy GOilim y dat. Ac ual yd oed liGnnfo dydgGeith 
yn liela gyt a Henri y braOt ieuaf idaG, a rei oe 
marchogyon gyt ac 6ynt y brathGyt a saeth y gan 
1 Wallter Turel' marchavc idaG oe anuod, pan yttoed 
yn bGrG karG y raedraOd y brenhin ac ae UadaOd. A 
phan welaa Henri y vraGt ynteu bynny gorchymyn 
aornc corf y vraOt yr marcbogyon aoed yny lie, ac 
erclii udunt gOneuthur brenhinaOl arGylant idaG 2 [ay 
dwyn y Gaer Wint.] Ac ynteu a gerdaOd byt yg 
Kaer Wynt yny He yd oed sGllt y brenbin ae vren- 
liinolyon oludocd. Ac achub yrei bynny a oruc. A 
galG ata6 boll tylvj'th y brenhin ; a raynet odyna byt 
yn Llundein ae gorescyn, yr bonn y ssyd benbaf a 
cboron ar lioll vrenbinyaeth Loeger. Ac yna y kyt- 
redassant attaO Ffreinc a Saeson y gyt, ac o vren- 
liinaOl gor y gossodassant ef yn vrenhin yn Lloeger. 
Ac yny lie y kymerth ynteu yn wreic bria6t idaG 
3 Vabalt uercb y Moel CGlGm, brenbin a Prydein ' o 
Vargaret urenbines y mam. A bonno drOy y phriodi 
a ansodes ef yn urenbines ; kanys Goilim Gocb y 
vratit ef 3'ny vyGyt a aruerassei o ordcrcbaden, ac 



»' 4 y Pictieit 



1 Sir Walter Tirel, D. I - J). 



TITE CHRONICLE OF THE PHr» Go 

instruction from any other but liis own father, — after 
the mcetest liononr of his own kindred, and after the 
highest praise and renewed commendation of the 

neighbouring nations, to wit, of the Saxons, the 
French, and other nations beyond the sea — wilh uni- 
versal lamentation, all being grieved in their hearts 
that he died. 

1098. In the ensuing year, William Ilufus, king ol 
the Saxons, who had been made king after William. 
his father, was killed; for, as he was on ;i certain 
day hunting, along with Henry, his youngest brother, 
accompanied by some of his knights, he was wounded 
with an arrow by Walter Tyrell, a knight of his own, 
who, unwittingly, as he was shooting at a stag, hit 
the king and killed him. And when his brother Henry 
saw that, he commended the body of his brother to 
the charge of the knights who were present, and or- 
dered them to make a royal funeral for him, -'and to 
convey it to Winchester ;' and he himself proceeded to 
Winchester, where the treasure and royal riches "I" tin- 
king were deposited, which he secured ; and he called to 
him all the family of the king. And from thence lie 
went to London, and took possession of it, which is the 
chiefest and crown of the whole kingdom of England. 
Then the French and Saxons all flocked together 
to him, and by royal council appointed him king in 
England. And immediately he took for his wife 
Mahalt, daughter of Malcolm, king of a Prydyn/ by 
queen Margaret her mother. And she, by his mar- 
rying her, was raised to the rank of queen ; for 
William Rufus, his brother, in his life time, hail 



*' 4 the PictS, 



Mahalil, C. \ ' CD. 



BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Ortli bynny y buassei uarO heb etifed. Ac yna yd 
ymhoelaOd Robert y braOt Lynaf udunt yn uudug- 
aol o Gaeru lalem, ac y bu uarO Tomos archescob 
E£aer EfraOc. Ac yn y ol ynteu ydenessaOd Gerrart 
B tmassei escob yn Herford kynno liyimy ; ac j derch- 
afaCd Henri urenhin ef, ar deilygdaOt a oed vch yn 
arcbescob yg Kaer EfraOc. Ac yna y kymerth 'Ansel 
archescob Keint dracbefyn y arcbescobaOt drOy Henri 
VTenhin yr hOn a adaXiBsei yn amser Gkiilim Gocli 
vrenhin o acba-Os enwired hOnnO ae grenlonder. Kany 
welei ef hOnnO yn gGneuthur dim yn gylyaOn o orch- 
yramyneu Du6, nac o lywodraeth vrenhinaOl teil} r g- 
daOt, 

mxcix. BlOydyn gGedy hynny y bu uarO Hu Vras 
larll Kaer Llion 2 ar Wysc ;' ac yny ol y dynessaOd 
Roger y vab I.yi bei byohan y oet. Ac eissoes y 
brenbin ae gossodes yn He y dat a acbaOs meint y 
karei y dat. Ac yny vloydyn honno y bu uarO 
Gronnft uab KadOgaGn ac 8 Owein nab Grufud. 

MO. Can mlyned a mil oed not Crist, 4 [ 5 decem 
nouenalia gyntaf] pan mi agkyttundeb rGg Henri 
vrenhin a Robert larll AniOythic ° [yr liwnn a elwid 
de Belen] ac ErnOlf y vraGt, gOr a gauas Dyfet yn 
rann idaG, *[o goelbren] ac awnaetb castell Penuro 
yn uaOrurydus. A phan gigleu y brenbin eu bot 
yn gOneutlnir tCiyll 311 y erbyn megys y deuth y 
chwedyl arnunt y galOadd attad y wybot gGiryoned 
am liyimy; ac Oynteu beb allel ymdiret yr brenbin 
a geissassant achaGs y vorO eseus. AgOedy gOybot o 
nadunt adnabot or brenbin eu tOyll ac eu brat, ny 
beidassant ymdangos ger bron y gendrycbolder ef. 
Acbub aonigant eu kedernit agalO porth bob tu 
udunt, a gOahaGd attunt y Brytanyeit aoedynt dares- 



1 Ansdimis. C. 3 GTrynn, C. D. 

- Not in C. I). I * D. 



THE CHB0NX4 LE OF THE PRIM I 3. 67 

consorted with concubines, and on thai account bad 
died without an heir. Ami then R >bi 
eldest brother, returned victoriously iV.ua Jerusalem. 
And Thomas, archbishop of York, died, and Gerard 
succeeded him, who had been previously bishop of 
Hereford, and king Henry raised him to the higher 
dignity of archbishop of York. And then Ad 
archbishop of Canterbury, received back his arch- 
bishopric from king Henry, which he vacated in the 
time of king William llui'us, on account of the ini- 
quity and cruelty of that monarch, for he could not 
see that lie observed any of the commandments of God 
justly, nor the royal obligations of government. 

Hi:)!). A year after that, died Bugh the Fat, ear] of 
Caeiieon -upon Usk ;' and to him succeeded I 
his son; though lie was but young of age, the king 
appointed him in the place of bis father, for bo greatly 
he loved his father. And in that year died Goronwy, 
son of Cadwgan, and 8 Owain, sun of Gruffudd. 

1100. One thousand and one hundred was the 
of Christ, 6 the first decem-noveiinalis/ when disse 
arose between king Henry and Robert, carl of Shrews- 
bury, G called de Belesme/ and Ernulf his brother, the 
person who had obtained Dyved for his share, ' by 
ballot/ and who magnificently built the castle of Pem- 
broke. And when the king understood that liny were 
practising deceit against him, as the report had come 
concerning them, he called them to him to know the 
trutli of it. And they, not being able to trust to the 
king, sought for an occasion to make an excuse. And 
when they knew that the king was acquainted with 
their deceit and treachery, they dared aot appear in 
his presence. They had recourse to their strong hold, 
and sought for assistance on every side; and invited 

r 'A.D. 1102. I B C. 

E 2 



68 BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

ligyon ndunt yn eu medyant, nc eu pennaetheu, 
nyt amgen KadOgaOn, Iorwoerth a Maredud veil ion 
Jili 1 1 vn vali Kynuyn 3'n borth udunt. Ac au haruoll 
yn vaOrvrydic enrydedus udunt a orugant; ac adaO 
Jlawer o da uduufc ; a rodi rodyou a UaGenhau y golat 
rydit. Ac ygkyfrGg hynny kadarnhau eu kestyll 
ac kylchynu ffoasyd a muroed, a pharattoi llaOer 
O ymborth, a chynullau marchogyon, a rodi rodyon 
udunt. Iloberfc a achubacd pedwar castell, nyt amgen 
ArGndel, a 'Blif, a 2 Bryg 8 [^r hwnn y bu ryvel oe 
achos] ynbyn yr I1O11 yd oed j T r holl twyll yndaO 
yr hGn a rdndwallassei yn erbyn arch y brenhin, 
ac AmOythic. Ernfclf a achubaOd Penuro e bun. A 
gOedy hynny kynullaG Uuoed aorugant, a galG y Bryt- 
anveit y gyt, a gOneuthur ysclyfyaetheu, ac ynihoelut 
yn Ilatien adref. A phan yttoedit yn gdneuthur y 
pefcneu hynny y medylyadd ErnOlf hedyclm ar GOydyl 
ac erbynyeit uerth y gantunt. Ac anuon awnaeth 
kenadeu hyt yn Iwerdon, nyt amgen Geralt 4 ysthvar(. 
a Rawer o rei ereill, y erchi merch 5 Murtart urenhin 
3 [Iwerdon] yn briaOt i<la6. A hynny a gai'as yn haOd; 
ar kenadeu adeuthant y eu gfjlat yii liyfryt. A 
Murfcart a anuones y verch a 11a wer logeu arnaCc 
gyt a hi yn nerth idaO. A gGedy ymdyrchauael or 
Ieirll y my6n l»a lender achaOa y petheu hynny, 
ac ny chvineiassant dim heddch y gaii y brenhin 
Ac yna y kynnullaOd Henri vrcnhin Uu bob ychydic, 
ac yngyntaf kylchynaGd castell Arfndel drOy ymlad 
ahi. Ac odyna y kymerth castell G Blif, a hyt yg 
gastell 7 Brug : ac ympell y OrthaO y pebyllyaOd. A 
cliymryt kygor aoruc py vod y darestyghei ef y 



1 Blydense, C. T). \ 3 D. 

'-' Dragge, D. Bruche, C. 4 dapifer, I). 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE 1M!I\< l s. GJ) 

the Britons, who were subject, to them, in respect of 
their possessions and titles, that is to say, Cadwgan, 
Iorwerth, and Maredudd, sons of Bleddyn, son of 
Cynvyn, to their assistance. And they received them 
magnificently and honourably, and promised them much 
property, and gave them gifts, and gladdened their 
country with liberty. In the mean while they for- 
tified their castles, surrounding them with ditches and 
walls, prepared abundance of provisions, and assembled 
cavaliers, giving them gifts. Robert seized upon four 
castles, to wit, Arundel, and ' J>liv, and a Brygge, ;1 con- 
cerning which there had. been war/ against which the 
whole deceit was perpetrated, and which he had founded 
contrary to the order of the king, and Shrewsbury. 
Ernulf seized upon Pembroke alone. Afterwards they 
collected troops, and called the Britons together, and col- 
lected spoils, and joyfully returned home. And whilst 
these things were being acted, Krnulf bethought him of 
making peace with the Qwyddelians, so as to receive 
assistance from them; and lie sent messengers to Ire- 
land, namely Gerald the steward and many others, to 
demand the daughter of 5 Murtart, king 3 of Ireland,' 
in marriage, which was easily obtained ; and the mes- 
sengers returned delighted to their country. Murtart 
sent his daughter and many armed ships with her to 
his assistance. After the carls had buoyed themselves 
up in pride on account of those things, they would 
accept no peace from the king. Ami then king 
Henry gradually assembled an army, and in the first 
place invested the castle of Arundel, fighting against 
her, and then took the castle of °Bliv, and pro- 
ceeded to the castle of 7 Bryggc, and encamped at a 
distance from it. There he took counsel, in what 



•'• Murcard, C. I). ' Brugge, D, Unisys, C. 

■ Blydense, C. I). I 



7') T Y TYWTSOGION. 

ieirll neu y lladedei, neu y gOrtbladei or lioll 
i) bynny pennaf kyghor ;i gauas anuon 
kenadeu at y Brytanyeit, ae yn wahanredaOl at Iorw- 
oerth vab Bledyn, ae wahaOd, ae alG ger y vronn, 
ao adaC m6y idaO noc y gaffei y gan y ieirll, ar 
kyfran a berthynei y gaol o tir y Brytanyeit. 
Hynny a rodes y brenhin ynryd y Iorwoerth uab 
Bledyn fcra vei yy6 y brenhin, heb tGng a heb tah 
Sef oed hynny Powys a CheredigyaOn a banner 
fc, kanys y banner arall arodassit y vab Baldwin 
at Tywi j a GGhyr a Chedweli A g(>edy 
mynet Iorwoerth uab Bledyn y gastell y brenhin 
anuon aoruc y ann-itlmd kyuoeth Robert y arglOyd. 
ihedic In hOnnO gan Iorwoerth gan gyfletmi 
gorchymyn torwocrth aanreithasant gyfoeth Robert y 
yd dr&y gribdeilaG pob peth y gantunt a diffeithaG 
y wlat a chynullaO diruaGr anreith gantiuit or wlat. 
Kanys y iarll kyn no hynny aorchymynassei rodi cret 
yr Brytanyeit heb debygn caffel gOrthOyneb y ganiunt, 
ac anuon y lioll hafodyd ae anifeileit ae oludoed y 
blith y Brytanyeit heb goffau y sarahedeu a gaOssei 
y Brytanyeit gynt y gan Rosser y dat ef, a 2 Hn 
vra&t y dat. A hynny oed gudyedic gan y Bryt- 
anyeit yn vyuyr ; KadGgaCm uab Bledyn a Maredud 
y vraGt aoedynt ettwa y gyt ar iarll heb 6ybod dim 
o hynny. A.gGedy elybot or iarll lrynny anobeithaO 
aoruc, athebygu nat oed dim galln gantaO o achaGs 
mynet Iorwoerth y GrthaG, kanys pennaf oed hOiinG or 
Brytanyeit, a mGyaf y allu, ae erclii kygreir aoruc 



c. D. 



THE CHBONICLE OF THE i'i;i\< is. 71 

manner he should overcome the earls or kill them, 
or expel them from the whole kingdom ; ami the 
result of the principal advice be obtained was, to 
send messengers to the BritonSj and particularly to 
Iorwerth, son of Bleddyn, and invite and call him 
to his presence, and promise him more than he 
should obtain from the carls, and the portion he 
ought to have of the land of the Britons. The same 
the king gave to Iorwerth, son of Bleddyn, whilst 
the king should live, free, without homage ami with- 
out payment; and that was I'owys and Ceredigion, 
and the half of Dyved, as the other half had been 
given to the son of Baldwin, ' with the Vale of 
Tywi' and Gower and Cydwoli. And when Iorwerth, 
son of Bleddyn, had repaired to the castle of the 
king, he sent orders to despoil the territory of Robert 
his lord. And the army thus sent by Iorwerth, in 
fulfilling the command of Iorwerth, despoiled the ter- 
ritory of Robert his lord, carrying every thing away 
with them, ravaging the country, and collecting an 
immense booty. For the earl had previously com- 
manded trust to be put in the Britons, not imagining 
he should experience any opposition from them ; and 
so he had sent all Ms dairies and cattle and riches 
amongst the Britons, without reflecting upon the in- 
sults the Britons had received from his father Roger, 
and from Hugh, his father's brother, and which the 
Britons kept in mind. Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, and 
his brother Marcdudd, were still with the earl, with- 
out knowing any thing of what was passing. And 
when the earl had heard <>(' the matter, lie despaired, 
and thought lie had no power left, since Iorwerth 
had gone from him ; for he was the principal among 
the Britons, and the greatest in power; and requested 



Hyogyn, D, 



72 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ual y gallei y noill ae hedychu ar brenhin, ae adaO y 
deyrnas o gObyL YgkyfrGg y petheu hynny yd athoed 
ErnOlf ae vyv yn erbyn y wreic ar llyges aruaOc aoed 
\n dyfot yn borth idaO, ac yii hynny y deuth ' Mag- 
nua vrenhin Germania eilweith y Von. A gOedy torn 
Uawer o wyd defiryd ymchoelut y VanaO drachefyn. 
Ac yn.-i ber&yd y dywedir gOneuthur aortic tri chastell, 
a ae llenGi ' -eihveith oe wyr ehun, 2 yrei adifFeithassei 
kyn no hynny. :1 [Ac a anvones hyt yn Iwerdon] 
ac erchi merch 4 MOrchath oe vab, kanys pennaf oed 
hOnnO or GOydyl a hynny a gafas yn llaOen ; agossot 
aoruc ef y mab hOnno yn vrenhin ym ManaO ; ac yno 
y ( rigyaud y gaeaf hOnnd. A gOedy clybot o Robert 
iarll hynny anuon kenadeu aoruc ar Vagnus, ac ny 
chauas dim oe negesseu. AgOedy gOelet or iarll y 
vot yn warchaedic o bop partli idaO, keissaO kennat a 
fiord y gan y brenliin y adaG y deyrnas. Ar brenhin 
ac kanhataOd. Ac ynteu drOy adaO pob peth a vor- 
. 1 1. y, i'm I hyt yn Norniandi. Ac yna yd anuones y 
brenhin at ErnOlf y erchi idaO un or deu peth, ae 
ada(i y deyrnas a mynet yn ol y vraOt, ae ynteu 
adelei yny ewyllys ef 5 [ay benn yny arfFed]. A 
phan giglen ErnOlf hynny dewissaf vu gantaO vynet 
yn ol y vraOt. A rodi y gastell aoruc yr brenhin, ar 
brenhin a dodea gOercheitweit yndaO. GCedy h}Tiny 
hedychu a <>nic Iorwoerfch 8 [vab Bledyn] ae vrodyr, a 
rannu y kyfbeth y rydunt. AgOedy ychydic o amser 



a ' 8 a Ilenwi Manaw 



1 Mawrus, C. \ 3 D. 

■ bonn, C. 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 73 

:i truce, that he might bo enabled either to make 
peace with the king, or leave the kingdom altogether. 
In the midst of these things, Ernulf went with his men 
to receive his wife, and the armed fleet that was coming 
to his assistance ; and in the mean while ' Magnus, 
Icing of Germany, came a second time to Mona. And 
after cutting down much building timber he returned 
back to the isle of Man ; and there, according to the 
report, he built three castles, which theretofore he 
had demolished, and he iV filled them' the second time 
with his own men. He then 8 sent over to Ireland.' 
and demanded the daughter of 4 Murehath for his son; 
for that person was the chiefest of the Gwyddelians; 
which he joyfully obtained ; and he set up that son to 
be king in the isle of Man ; and there he remained 
during that winter. When earl Robert had heard of 
this, he despatched messengers to Magnus, but his 
missions were unavailing. And when the earl per- 
ceived himself hemmed in on every side, he sought 
permission and way from the king to quit the king- 
dom; and the king granted them. Ami he, leaving 
every thing, went by sea into Normandy. And then 
the king sent to Ernulf, requiring of him one of two 
things, either to quit the kingdom and follow his 
brother, or else to be at his will r ' with his head in 
his lap/ When Ernulf heard that, he was most de- 
sirous of going after his brother; so he delivered his 
castle to the king, and the king placed a garrison 
in it. After that Iorwerth, 3 son of Bleddyn/ made. 
peace with his brother, and shared the dominion be- 
tween them. A little time afterwards Iorwerth took 



a' 8 filled the isle of Man 



1 Mwrcardi, I). Murcard, C. 4 C. 



74 T Y TYWYSOGION. 

v delis Iorwoerth Varedud y vradfc, «ic y carcharaOd 
ygkarchar y brenhin. A hedychu aOnaeth a ChadOg- 
aOn y vraOt, ac y rodi KeredigyaGn a ran o Po6ys. 
Ac odyna mynet aOnaeth [orwoerth ;ifc y brenbin, a 
bhebygu yr brenhin cadd y edewit GrthaO. Ar brenbin 
heb gadO amot ac ef aduc y gantaO Dyfefc ' [ar 
ca.stell], ac ae rodea y neb nn varchaCc ' [vrdanl] a 
elwit 2 Saer; ac Ystrat Tywi a Chedweli a GObyr a 
y 3 Howel a a Gron6. Ac y kyfrGg b0nn6 y 
delit GronO uab Kys ' [o d will J ac y bu uar6 yny 
garchar. 

KCI. Yny vlCrydyn rao Oynel> g&edy dyrcbauel 
V.'i^nus vrenhin Germania hOyleu ar ycliydic o logeu, 
a diffeitliaO aoruc tervyneu b Prydein. A pban wela.s 
y c Prydeinwyr bynny megys morgrugyon o dylleu y 
gogofeu y kyfodasaant yn gadoed yymlit en banreith. 
A pban welsant y brenbin ac ycbydic nifer y gyfc 
ac ef, kyrcbu yn eliofyn aorngant, a gossot brOydyr 
yny erbyn. A pban welaa y brenbin bynny kyweir- 
yaO by din a oruc, beb edrycb ar amylder y elynyon a 
bychanet y nifer ynteu, berwyd moes d yr AlbanGyr' 
drdy goffau y anneiryf nudugolyaetben gynt kyrcliu a 
oruc yn jiirkyflen.s. A gCedy gOnentbur y vrCydyr, 
allad Ua6er opob tu, yna <> gyfarsagedigaefch lluoed 
ac amylder niferoed y elynyon y lias y brenbin. 
4 [Ac yna y gelwit Iorwoerfcb uab Bledyn y AmOytliic 
drOy dOyll kygor y brenbin.] Ac y dospartbdyt y 



* a vab 1,fi Llycblyn 

•• '' LI vchlynwyr <*' 7 gwyr Denmarc 



1 /;. I '■' Hy-wel, C. D. 

■ Saber, I). A'ai in E. * C. 



THE GHROJTCCLE OF THE PRINCES. 75 

hia brotht-i- JNlaroihulil, ami confined him in the king's 
prison; but made peace with his brother Cadwgan, 
and gavo him Ceredigion and a part of Powys. 
Subsequently Iorwerth repaired to the king, suppos- 
ing the king would keep his promise to him ; but 
the king departing from his engagement with him, 
took Dyved * and the castle' from him, and gave them 
to a certain cavalier called -' Saer ; and the Vale of 
Tywi, Cydweli, and (lower he granted to Howe] a and 
Goronwy. And in that interval, Goronwy, son of 
Rhys, was taken ] through treachery/ and died in his 
prison. 

1101. In the ensuing year, when Magnus, king of 
Germany, had hoisted sails on a few ships, he made 
depredations on the shores of b Britain; and when the 
c Britons saw that, they arose from the mouths of 
the caves in multitudes like ants in pursuit of their 
spoils. And when they saw the king had so few in 
number with him, they advanced boldly, and arranged 
in order of battle against him. And when the king 
observed, that, he prepared his army, without looking 
upon the multitude of his enemies, and the smallnesa 
of his own number, according to the manner of the 
(l Albanians; recollecting his innumerable victories 
of former times, he made a disadvantageous attack. 
And after the battle had proceeded, and many been 
killed on both sides ; owing to the pressure and over- 
powering numbers of his foes, the king was killed. 
4 And at that time Iorwerth, son of Bleddyn, was 
cited to Shrewsbury, through the treachery of the 



•■ •' son of |j 6 Scandinavia 

c 6 Scandinavians (i r men of Denmark 



■■ a i). I » a 

■ v. 



76 BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

dadleuoed ac negesseu ; a phan doetli ef yna yd- 
yiiK-hoelaOd yr Loll dadleu yny erbyn e ; ac ar hyt 
ydyd y dadleuGyt ac ef, ae yny diwed y barnOyd yn 
gainlyryus. A gGedy hynny y barnGyt y garchar y 
brenhin, nyt herdyd kyfreith, namyn herGyd inedyant ; 
ac yna y pallaGd y boll obeith ae kedernit ae bechyt 
ae didanGch yr lioll Vrytanyeit. 

MCII. Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb y bu uarO Owein uab 
Etwin drGy hir glefyt. Ac yna yd ystores * Rickart 
uab Baldwin gastell 2 Ryt y Gors, ac y gyrrOyt Howel 
uab GronO yuieith oe gyfoeth, y gGr aorchymynassei 
Henri vrenhin keitwataeth Ystrad Tywi a 2 E.yt y 
Gors. a Ac ynteu a gynnullaOd anreitbeu drdy losci 
tci a diffeitbaG bayacb yr boll Oladoed, allad llaOer 
or Ffreinc aoedynt yn ymcboelut adref/ Ac ynteu a 
irycliwynnaOd y Olat o bop tu, ac ae bacbubaOd ar 
castell adrigyaOd yn digyffro ae werclieitweit joidaO. 
YgkyfrOg hynny y gOrthladaOd Henri vrenhin 3 Saer 
marchaOc Penuro, ac y rodes keitwataeth y kastell 
ae boll tcruyneu y 4 Heralt Ystiwert, yr bOnn aoed 
dan ErnGlf Ystiwert. 



MCIII. 6 [Bhvydyn wedy liyuny] y vlOydyn bonno 
y Has Howel uab GronO drGy dOyll y gan y Ffreinc 
aoedynt yn kadG Ryt y Gors. GGgaGn uab Meuruc, 
y gGr a oed yn ineitliryn mab y Howel c [a mwiaf 
gwr or byt yd ynidiriedev idau] aGnaetb y urat ual 



» /G Allosgi yr ydev ar tei, ac adau y tir yn diffeith, 
ac ymchwelut or Freinc adref dracbevyn beb argywed 
arnadunt. 



1 lUcard, D. 3 Saher, C. D. E. 

- Eyt Cors, D. * Gerald, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PIUNCER 77 

king's council.' Ami his pleadings and claims were ar- 
ranged ; and on his having come, all bhe pleadings 
were turned against him, and the pleading continued 
through the day; and at last he was adjudged to be 

fineahle, and was afterwards cast into the king's 
prison, not according to law, but according to power, 
Then failed all the hope, and the fortitude, and the 
strength, and the happiness, of all the Britons. 

1102. The ensuing year Owain, son of Edwin, died 
after a long illness. And then Rickart, son of Bald- 
win, stored the castle of Rhyd y Gors ; and llnwel. 
son of Goronwy, was driven from his dominion, — 
the man to whom king Hemy hail deputed the con- 
scrvancy of the Vale of Tywi and Rhyd y Gors. 
a Upon which he collected spoils, by burning houses 
and laying waste nearly all the districts, and killing 
many of the French who were returning home.' He 
also raised the country on every side, and repossessed 
it, and the castle remained undisturbed, and its gar- 
rison within it. In that interval king Henry ex- 
pelled the cavalier 8 Saer from Pembroke, and granted 
the custody of the castle with all its boundaries t<> 
Gerald the steward, who had been under Ernulf the 
steward. 

1103. '' A year after that,' that year Howel, son of 
Goronwy, was killed, through treachery, by the French, 
who had the custody of Rhyd y Gors. Gwgawn, son of 
Meurug, the person who was nurturing a son of How el, 
' r 'and whom of all men he mostly trusted/ formed the 



a ' G And he burnt the crops and houses, and left 
the land desolate ; and the French returned home 
again without beincr molested. 



s C. I " J>. 



78 BRUT Y TYTnrSOGION. 

Jiyiin. GalG a Onaefch G6ga6n Howel y ty ae wabaOd, 
ac anuon yr casteU ngalG a Ffreinc attaO, a menegi 
udunt eu fceruynedic le, ac aros amser yny nos. Ac 
Dynteu a deuthant amgylcb pylgein, a chylchynu 
y dref ar ty yd oed Howel yndaO, a dodi gaGr, 
ac aryr aOr y dubunaOd Howel yn dih.-sc, a cheissaG 
y arueu, a duhunaO y gedynideithon, a galw arnunt. 
Ar cledyf arydaroed idaO y dodi ar benn y wely 
ae wayw is y traet arydygassei GadOgaGn tra yttoed 
yn kyscu. A Howel a geisaGd y getymdeithon 
Orth ymlad, a thebygu eu bot yn baradt. Ac neur 
daroed udunt fib ar yr aOr gyntaf or nos, ac yna y 
gomu arnaO ynteu fo. AgOgaOn ae hymlidya&d yngraff 
yn y delis megys y hedewis. A plian deuth kedym- 
deitlion KadOga&n attaO fcagu HoOel aorugant ; ar 
tagedic yn uarO haeacb y dugant at y Freinc. Ac 
Oynteu gOedy Had y benn a ymchoelassant yr kastell. 
Yny vlOydyn honno y gOelat seren enryfed y gfoelet- 
yat yn anuon paladyr o heni yn ol y cliefyn, ac o 
braffter colofyn y meint, a diruaGr oleuat idi yn dar- 
ogan yr hynn avei rao Ua6. Kanys Henri amlier- 
aOdyr Rufein gOedy diruaOryon undugolyaefcben ; a 
chrefydussaf vuclied y Grist a orfibwyssaOd ; ae vab 
gOedy ynteu gtoedy cael llawer o enryded ac eistedua 
amberodraetb Rufein awnaetbpOyt yn amhera6dyr. Ac 
yn.f ydanuones Henri vrenbin Lloeger marcliogyon i 
darestOg NTormandi. A cbybOrd ac Oynt awnaetli 
1 [Robert iarll ac Ernwlf y vraut a] Robert iarll 2 o 
Vetblem' '[a William o a Moretania y gevynderw] ; a 



Yrytaen y ewythyr 



I). I -" de l?c-k-in, J). 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBTNCES. 7!> 

plot in this wise: Gwgavn called Hovel, and invited 
him into li is house, and sent 1" the castle and called 
the French to him, and shewed them their appointed 

place, to wait till a certain time in the night. So they 
came about daybreak, and Burrounded the hamlet and 
(lie house in which Hovel vas, and gave a shout ; and 
with that shout Hovel promptly awaked, and aought 
for his arms, and waked and called 018 companions. 
And the sword which he had placed on the top of l»ia 
lied, and the spear at his feet, had been taken away by 
Cadwgan, whilst he was asleep. Howe] sought for his 
companions to fight, supposing them to lie ready ; but 
they had fled, probably at the first hour of the night; 
and then lie also was compelled to flee. And Gvgavn 
pursued him warily, till he had taken him, as la' had 
promised. And when Gwgawn's companions came to 
him, they strangled Howel ; and brought him. strangled 
and almost dead, to the French, who, after cutting 
off his head, returned to the castle. In that yi 
there was seen a star of wonderful appearance, emit- 
ting a beam behind, and of the thickness of a column, 
of immense light, foreboding what would he in future. 
For Henry, emperor of Home, after extraordinary 
victories, and a most religious life in Christ, went 
to his rest ; and his son succeeding him, after having 
obtained much honour and the seat of the Roman 
empire, was made emperor. And then Henry, king 
of England, sent knights to subdue Normandy, and 
'Robert the carl, with his brother Ernulf, and' Ro- 
bert, earl 8 of Bethlehem/ 3 and "William of B More- 
tania, his cousin/ met them, and having prevailed 



*' 8 Brittany, his uncle, 



*C. 



•SO T5RUT Y TYWYSOOION. 

gfiedy gorfot arnunt en gyrru ar ffa A gwody na 
rymheint dim anuon aorugant at y brenhin y geissaO 
north. Ac yna y brenhin ehun gyt ac amylder o 
varcbogyon adiraaOr lu a vord0ya6d drGod. Ac yna 
y kyhyrdadd ar iarll yndileac, ac ef ae ganhorth&ywyr 
ac yn gywarsagedic odra lluossogrOyd y kymerth y 
fib, ae ymlit or brenhin yny delis ac ef ' [a Gwilliam 
y a gevynderw] ae wyr. A gOedy eu dala ae hanuon- 
es y Loeger y eu karcbaru ; a boll Normandi a 
darcstygOys Ortb y vedyant e bun, Yn ' [diwed] y 
vlGydyn honno y lias Meuruc a Griffri veibon Tra- 
baearn vab KaradaOc b ac Owein uab KadiJgaOn. 

mciv. Y vlGydyn rac wyneb y diegis Miiredud uab 
Bledyn oe garcbar ac y deutb y wlat. ! [Ac y bu varw 
Ilerwald e.scop Llandaf: ac y doetb yny le yntev 
W^organ Ancellin arcbescob ay kys.segrwys yng Keint]. 
Ac yna y bu varO Edwarfc uab y Moel CoIOm ; ae 
yny le ef y kynbelis Alexander y vraOt y deyrnas. 

mcv. Y vlfiydyn gOedy bynny ydanuonet neb un 
genedyl diadnabydus, ber6yd kenedlaetb a moessen, 
ny wydit ]>y le yd ymgudyssynt ynyr ynys dalym 
o vlOynyded, y gan Henri vrenbin y wlat Dyfet. Ar 
genedyl lionno aaehubadd boll gantref Ros gyr Had 
aber yr a von acKvir Cledyf, gOedy eu gdrtblad o gCbyl. 
Ar genedyl lionno, megys y dywedir, a banoed o 
Kllandrys, y gdlat yr honn yssyd ossodedic yn nessaf 
ger HaO nior y Brytanyeit. O acliaOs aclmb or mor 
agorescyn eugOlat hyt yriy yrnchoelet yr boll wlat 



ewytbyr b 8 y gan 



1 D. '-' C. 



THE CHKONICLE OF THE PRIN< ES. 81 

over them, put thorn to flight. And since they could 
offer no resistance, they sent to the king to procure 
aid. And then the king himself, with a multitude of 
knights, and an immense army, sailed over; and then 
lie met with the earl promptly, him and his abettors, 
who, overpowered l>} r excess .,l' numbers, (nek to 
flight, the king pursuing, until he secured him, ' and 
William his ;i cousin,' and his men. And having cap- 
tured them he sent them to England, to be imprisoned ; 
and he reduced the whole of Normandy into his own 
possession. Towards 'the elose of that year were 
killed Meurug and Griffri, sons of Trahaiarn, son of 
(,'aradog, '-' and Owain, son of Cadwgan. 

1104 The ensuing year Muredudd, son of Bleddyn, 
escaped from his prison, and returned to his coun- 
try; 'and Herwald, bishop of Llandaf, died, and was 
succeeded by Worgan, who -was consecrated in Kent 
by archbishop Ancellin.' Then died Edward, son of 
Malcolm; and Alexander, his brother, possessed the 
kingdom in his stead. 

1105. The year after that, a certain nation, not 
recognised in respect of origin and manners, and un- 
known as to where it had been concealed in the 
island for a number of years, was sent by king Henry 
into the country of Dyved. And that nation seized 
the whole cantred of Ehos, near the efllux of the 
river called Cleddyv, having driven oft' the people com- 
pletely. That nation, as it is said, was derived from 
Flanders, the country which is situated nearest to (he 
sea of the Britons. This was on account of the en- 
croachment of the sea on their country, the whole 
region having been reduced to disorder, and bearing 

• J uncle, b 8 by 



a d. 



82 IHlUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ar agkrynodeb heb dOyn dim ffroyth gdedy bOrO o 
lanO or mor di ar tywot yr tir. Ac yny diwed 
goedy na cheffynt le y pressuylyaO ; kanys y mor a 
diueuassei or draOa yr araordired ar mynyded yn 
gyflato o dynyon hyt na allei baup bressGylyaG yno 
a achaOs amylder y dynyon a bychanet y tir, y 
genedyl lionno a deissynaOd Henri vrenliin, ac ' a 
adolygassanf idaO kaffel lie y press&ylynt yndaO ; ac 
2 [yna] yd anuonet 2 [uynt] hyt yn Ros drOy Grthlad 
odyno y priodolyon giudaGtwyr, y rei agollassant 
en priaGfc wlafc ae He yr hynny hyt s [liediO]. a Yg- 
kMVGg hynny Geralt ystiwarfc Pennro a rOndOalaOd 
l.i 1 1 II 'Kcnarcli Bychan/ ac ansodi awnaeth yno, 
a Uehan yno y boll oludoed, ae -vvreic ae etifedyon 
ae lioll annwylyt, ae gadarnhau awnaeth o gland a 
mur 2 [a phort achlo arnav], 

MCVL Y vlGydyn rac Oyneb y paratoes KadGgaGn 
nab Bledyn wled y bennaduryeit y wlat, ac y gOa- 
hodes yr wled awnathoed Owein y vab o Powys. 
Ar wled honno a wnaeth ef y Nadolic yr enryded 
y Duw. A gOedy daruot y wled, a chlybot o 
Owein vot Nest uerch Rys ab TewdGr gOreic Ge- 
ralt ystiwart yny dywededic gastell vry, mynet 
aomc y ymwclet alii ac ychydic o nifer y gyt 
ac cf megys ''achares' idaG ac velly ydoedynt, 
5 kanys KadOgafm uab Bledyn a GGladus nerch RiOall- 
afm mam Nest aoedynt gefynderu a chefnitherO, 
kanys Bledyn a RiGallaOn meibon Kynfyn aoedynt 



"■' n Ac yna yr adeiliawd Gerald gwasanaethwr yr 
eil weith castell Penvro yn lie y gelwit Kengartli 
vachan. lj/ 7 a chyueilles 



1 aailolygaOd, Ji. 3 Supplied from other MSS. 

3 J). ' Ki H'-irili Vachaw. C. 



THE CHRONICLE HF THE PRINCES. 

no produce, owing to the sand cast into the land by 
the tide of the sea. At last, when they could gel no 
space to inhabit, as the sea had poured over the 
maritime land, and the mountains were full of people, 
so that all could not dwell there on account of tin- 
multitude of men, and the scantiness of the land, that 
nation craved of king Henry, and besought him to 
assign a place where they might dwell. And - (hen 
they were sent into Rhos, expelling from thence the 
proprietary inhabitants, who thus lost their own country 
and place from that time until 'the present day.' 
a In the meanwhile Gerald, the steward of Pembroke, 
founded the castle of 4 Little Cenareh/ where he settled ; 
and there he deposited all his riches, with his wife, 
his heirs, and all dear to him; and he fortified if 
with a ditch and wall, 2 and a gateway with a lock 
on it.' 

HOG. The ensuing year, Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, 
prepared a feast for the chieftains of his country; and 
he invited to the feast, which he made, his son Owain 
from Powys. And that feast he made at Christmas 
in honour of God. And when the feast was ended, 
Owain hearing that Nest, daughter of Rhys, son of 
Tewdwr, and wife of Gerald the steward, was in the 
castle above mentioned, went, accompamed by a small 
retinue, to visit her as his ''kinswoman, and so she 
was ; for Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, and Gwlndus, 
daughter of Rhiwallon, the mother of Nest, were cou- 
sins ; as Bleddyn and Rhiwallon, sons of Cynvyn, were 



a ' G And then Gerald the minister built a second 
time the castle of Pembroke, in the place called 
Little Cenrrarth. ''' 7 friend 



s a, B. C, 

"J). I 

F 2 



S4- BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOtf. 

vrodyr o y Agharat uerch Varedad vrenhin. A gOedy 
hyiuiy o annoe ' » [kytbreal]' y doeth ef nossweith yr 
castell ac ychydic o infer •> y gyt ac ef val amgylch 
pedwarg6yr ardec; a gfiedy gOneuthur claOd dan y 
trotheu yndirgel heb Oybot y geitfceit y kastell. Ac 
yna y doetbant ' [dros y mur av fos' 2 y mewn yn 
diarwybofc] yr castell ydoed Geralfc a Nest y wreic 
yn. kysgu yndaO, a dodi gaGr awnaethant ygkylch y 
•II, ac ciinynu tan yn y tci Ortli y llosgi. A 
dyhunad a orue Geralt pan gigleu yr aGr ' [hep Oybot 
betli aOnaei]. Ac yna y dy6a0t Nest OrthaO. Na doa 
all.ui heb hi yr dr6s, kanys yno y mae dy elynyon 
yth arcs, namyn dyret ym ol i ; a hynny a a wnaeth 
ef. A hi ae barwedaOd ef hyt yggeiuly aoed gys- 
sylltedie forth c y castell;' ac yno megys y dywedir 
y dihegifl. A phan Oybu Nest y dianc ef llefein 
aoruc a dywedut OrthaO y gOyr yssyd allan betli a 
li.'fwch i [cbfii] yn ofer, nyt yttiO yma y neb ageiss&cb, 
near dihegis. A gOedy eu dyuot 8 6ynteu y myOn, y 
geissaO aorugant ym pob man ; a g&edy nas kaOss- 
ant, dala Nest aOnaethanfc ae deu vab ae merck 
a mab 4 [arall] idaO ynteu o garafcwreic, ac yspeilaG 
y castell ae anrcithaO. A gOedy llosgi y kastell a 
chynullaO anreitb a chytyaO a G Nest ymchoelut 
7 a6naeth } r/ wlat. Ac nyt yttoed Kad6ga0n y dat ef 
yn gedrychaG] } r na yny wlat, kanys ef aathoed y 
Powys (nth hedychu y rei aoedynt yn annhyn 8 ac 
aathoedynt y (nth Owein/ A phan gigleu Kad6ga6n 
y gOeithret hOnnO kymryt °y drOc arnaO gan 10 sorri 



»' " Duw ia gythreulaeth 

b ' ' 3 3" n y getymdeithas c ' 18 yr ystauell ; 



1 C. 
■ D. 
3 oruc, B. 

1 B. 



a 6y, D. 

''■ liitheu, B. 

' a omc flrnchoucn \<i, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 85 

brothers, from Angharad, daughter of king Maredudd. 

After that, instigated by ' a the devil,' he came on a 
certain night to the castle, having b with him' a small 
number, about fourteen persons; and having privately 
excavated under the threshold, unknown to the 
keepers of the castle, they got 'over the wall and the 
ditch' -'unawares into' the castle, where Gerald and 
Nest were sleeping ; and they set up a shunt about 
the castle, and kindled a fire in the surrounding 
houses to burn them. Gerald awoke on hearing the 
shout, 'not knowing what to do;' and then Nest said 
to him, 'Go not out to the door, for there thy ene- 
' mies wait for thee; but come and follow me.' And 
that he did, and she conducted him to a privy, ad- 
joining c the castle,' whence, it is said, lie escaped. 
And when Nest knew that lie had escaped, she cried 
and said to the men outside, 'Why call ye out in 
' vain? he is not here, whom ye seek ; he surely has 
' escaped.' And when they had entered, they searched 
for him everywhere ; and not having found him, they 
took Nest, with her two sons and daughter, and also 
4 another son that he had by a concubine ; and spoiled 
and laid waste the castle. And after burning the 
castle, and collecting a booty, and having connexion 
with Nest, Owain returned to his country. But 
Cadwgan, his father, was not then in the country ; 
for he had gone to Powys, to pacify those that were 
at variance, and had separated from Owain. And 
when Cadwgan became acquainted with that deed, he 



* " God, ,2 devilry, 
''' 1;) in his company 


c ' 13 the room, 


R ac OOcin, ;:c a athoedynt 
yfirthaO, B. 

9 >'", B. 

10 fiorr, B. 


"A, 

» I). 
15 //. 



86 HicUT Y TYWYSOGIOS. 

aoruc ei" liynny o achate y treis kyt awnathoulii 
a Nest verch Rys. Ac ' [heuyt] rac ofyn llidyad o 
Henri vn-nhin am sarhaet y ystiwart, ac yna ym- 
choelut aoruc acheis-saO talu y wreic ac anreith y Eralt 
ystiwart drachciyn y gan Owein, ac nys cafas. Ac 
yna o ystryG y wreic a oed yndywedut 6rth Owein 
ual hynn. lnynny uygkael i yn fl'ydlaOn ytt am 
kynnaJ ' [y] gyt athi, hebrOg vym plant att eu tat. 
Ac yna o dra sercli a charyat y wreic, y gellygaOd y 
; U;mt' yr y.stiwart. A phan gigleu 2 Rickart escob 
Llundein liynny, y gGr a oed yna y.stiwart y Henri 
vienliin yn AmOythic, medylyaO a oruc dial ar OOein 
sarhael Geralt y.stiwart; a galG attaO 3 awnaetk Ithel 
a MadaGc meibon 4 liidrt nab Bledyn adywedut 
Orthynt ual hynn. A vynnOcb cliwi regi bod y Henri 
vnnliin achalfcl y garyat ae gedymdeithas yn dra- 
gywydafi), ac of adh maferhaa ' [ac ach dyrcheif ynn 
\cli ac] yn bennach no neb och kyttirogyon, ac a 
gyghorvynna OrthyOch ych kyt teruynwyr och boll 
genedyl. Ac atteb adnaethant mynnwn heb Oynt. 
EOch chOitbeu heb ef a delOch Owein nab KadOgaGn 
os gellOch ac onys gellOch gurthledGch or wlat ef ae 
dat ; kanys ef awnaeth gam a sarhaet yn erbyn 5 y 
luvnhin, a diruaOr gollct y Eralt ystiOart y wahan- 
redaOl gyfeillt am y wreic ae blant ae gastell, ae yspeil 
ae anreith, a minheu l! arodaf gyt achOi fydlonnyon 
gedyiudeithon nyt amgen Llywarch uab Trahaearn, 



'■'■' ' y dcu vab ar vcrch 



1 B. 3 a oruc, D. 

1 Richjard, < '. ' Ririt, CD. 



THE ( !ik"Xi< LE «>k tiik PRINCES. 87 

was suny and displeased, because of the violation 

committed upon Nest, the daughter of Rhys, and 
1 also for fear king Henry should be enraged at the 

insult to his steward. Thereupon he. returned, and 
endeavoured to prevail on Owain to restore to Gerald 
the steward, his wife and spoil ; but lie did not suc- 
ceed. Then, through the finesse of the "wife, who 
spoke thus to Owain, ' If thou will have mo faithful 
1 to thee, and remain with thee, send my children to 
' their father,' lie then, from excess of love towards 
the wife, suffered a the children' to be returned to 
the steward. And when Rick art, bishop of London. 
who was steward to king Henry at Shrewsbury, 
heard of that affair, he thought of revenging upon 
Owain the insult done to Gerald the steward, and he 
called to him Ithel and Madog, the sons of Rhirid, 
son of Bleddyn, and addressed them thus: ' Would 
' ye that you should please king Henry, and obtain 
' his love and support for ever, and that he should 
' magnify 'and exalt you higher than, and' above 
' every one of your neighbours, and that your neigh- 
' hours of your whole nation should envy you ? ' And 
they answered, ' We would.' ' Go ye then,' said he, 
' and seize Owain, son of Cadwgan, if you can ; and 
' if you cannot, expel him and his father from the 
■ country; for he has committed wrong and insult 
' against the king, and immense loss to Gerald the 
' steward, his particular friend, in respect of his wife 
' and children and his cattle, and the spoil and 
' booty ; and I will also procure you faithful ac- 
' complices, to wit, Llywarch, son of Trahaiarn, the 



:i ' 7 two sons and daughter 



■Henri, B. B.C. J). 

G chwaniu'ccaiif, B. 



88 



BRUT V TYWYSOGIOK. 



y gOr a ladaOd Owein y a vrodyr, ag Uchtryb uab 
Etwin. Ac ' wyntcu gOedy credo yr edewidyon liynny 
a gynullassant Iu, ac a 2 aethant y gyfc ac agyrch- 
mfc y wlat. Ac Vchtryt a anuones kenadeu yr 
wlat y venegi yr a kiOfcaOtwyr pOy bynnao agilyci attaO 
ef y kaffei amdiffyn. A rei agilyassant attaO ef ereill 
y ArOystli, ereill y Vaelenyd, ereill y Ysfcrat Tywi ar 
rann vOyaf 4 [ohommt] y Dyfet ydaethant 6 yr He yd 
ocd Geralt yn vedyanus. A phan yttoed ef yn mynnu 
eu diua Oynt ef adamOeinaGd dyuot GOallter •' uchel- 
uaer Kaer LoyO y gdr aorchymynnassei y brenhin 
idflO llywodraetb '"' [Kaerloy w] ac amdiffyn Lloeger 
hyt ygkaer Vyrdin. Aphan gigleu ef hynny eu 
li;iiii'li!iyn aoruc; a rei o nadunt a gilya&d y Ar- 
Oystli, ac y keliyrdaOd gGyr Maelenyd ac Oynt ac y 
7 lladassant ; ar rei 8 agilyaGd atfc Vchtryt adihagas- 
saut ; ar rei '' agilyadd y Ystrat Tywi Maredud uab 
Ryderch ae haruollea yn liegar. KadGgaGn ac Owein 
a foassant y log aoed yn Aber Dyfi adathoed o 
Iwerdon ychydic kynno hynny a chyfnewit yndi. 
Ac yna y deutb MadaOc ae vraOfc c yn erbyn' Vclitrut 
hyt yn ,0 Ryt Cornnec/ ac yno pebyllyaO aorngant. 
Ac yny diwed y doeth Vclitrut attunt; a gOedy eu 
liymgynullaO ygyt kerdet hyt nos aorngant a diff- 
eithaO y gOladoed yny " vu dyd. Ac yna ydywaOt 
Vclitrut '- [GrtJmnt], o reig bod y cbOi nyt reit 



: - l3 vraut, 



>'' 1;) eseob * u ac 



1 vynlOv, II. 

■ daethant, 13. 
gi0da6t, U. 

1 n. 



•' ynny, II. 

a a 

■ lladyssant, B. 

" a gilyassant, li. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE l'KLWEs. Ml 

' man whose a brothers' were killed by Owain, and 

' Uchtryd, son of Edwin.' And they, confiding in 
those promises, collected an army, and proceeded 
together and entered the country ; and Uchtryd sent 
messengers about the country, to inform the inhabi- 
tants that whoever receded to him would find pro- 
tection. Some did recede to him; others to Arwystli ; 
others to Maelienydd ; others to the Vale of Tywi ; and 
the greater number 4 of them' went to Dyved, where 
Gerald was in possession. And when he was intent 
upon dcstrojdng them, G waiter, the b high constable' 
of Gloucester, the person to whom the king had 
committed the government G of Gloucester' and defence 
of England, happened to come to Caermarthen. who, 
hearing of that, protected them. Some of them with- 
drew to Arwystli, and were met by the men of 
Maelienydd, who killed them, and those who re- 
treated to Uchtryd escaped, ami those who retreated 
to the Vale of Tywi were kindly received by .Mar- 
edndd, son of Rhydderch. Cadwgan and Own in 
fled to a ship that was in Aberdovey, which a little 
before had arrived with merchandize from Ireland. 
And then Madog and his brother came c to meet' 
Uchtryd at Rhyd Cornnec, and there they encamped \ 
and at length Uchtryd came to them ; and after 
they had collected themselves together, they pro- 
ceeded by night, and ravaged the countries until it 
was day. Then Uchtryd addressed them, saying. 
4 If it be your will, that is not necessary ; since 



a I3 brother v Is bishop c ' ia and 



■■ a gilytiys, B. 

10 kastcll llyt Cornouct, D. 
-Cornuec, B. Not in E. 



" vei, D. D. 

'- n. 

19 /,_ 



(M> BRUT V TYWY60GI0 r. 

Iiyimy, kany dylyir fcremygu Kad6ga6n ac Owein, 
kanys g(>yr da grymus ynt a deGron, a medylyaG 
Uawer y maent, ac 'agatuyd y mae porth udunt hyt 
nas gGdam ii i, ac 6rth hymiy ny weda yni dyuot yn 
deifisyfyt am 2 eu pen namyn yn cglur dyd gyt ac 
3 urdassaGc gyGeirdeb nifer. Ac or geireu liynny bop 
ychydic yd bedychOyt Gynt nal ygallei dynyon y wlat 
dianc. Athrannoeth ydaethant yr wlat, a gOedy y 
gOelet yn diffeith, ymgerydu ehunein awnaethant 
a dywedut Uyma wenyeith Ychfcrut ; a chuhudaG 
Uchtrut awnaethant a dywedut y neb ymgedym- 
deithockau ac ystryG ef. A gOedy gOibiaO pot He 
yny wlat ny chaGssant dim namyn gre y GadOg- 
ai'ni ; a g&edy 4 cael 5 lionno a' llosgi y tci ar 
yscuboryeu ar ydeu awnaethant, ac ymcboelut 
aorugant y a eu pebylleu' drachefyn, a diua rei or 
dynyon a 6 ffoassynt y Lan Badarn, a gadel ereill beb 
eu diua. A plian yttoedynt uelly clybot awnaethant 
bot rei yn trigyaO yn nodua Dewi yn Llan Dewi 
Breui yn yr eglOys gyt ar ''offeirat. Anuon awnaeth- 
ant yno c drycysprytolyon agkyweithas' a llygru a 
Gnaethant 7 [y vyunGent a] yr eglOys ae difleithaG o 
gObyL (l AgOedy bynny yn orwac hayach yd ym- 
cboelassant eitliyr cael anuolyanus anrcitb o gyfieoed 



a' 8 gastell Kyd Gors '» ° offeireit. 

c' I0 drycysprydolyaeth gybeithw, 

■i' " A gwedy liynny ymcbwelud aorugant wedy 
diffeithyaw ac anreithyaw y wlad oil eithyr kyfleoed 
yseint ehunein Dewi a Phadern. 



1 atoyd, B. I * kaffel, B. 

-' y. /;. ' J hOnnO, B. 

■' urdassaGI, B. I B ffoessynt, B. 



Tin: CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. Ml 

• Cadwgan and Owain ought not to be slighted; for 
' they arc good ami powerful men, and brave withal, 
' and meditate much ; ami perhaps they may bavc 

istance of which we are ignorant; ami, therefore, 
' it will nut he prudent for us to come upon them 

• suddenly, but in open day, with dignified com- 
1 pleteness of numbers.' And by those words they 
gradually became pacified, so that the people of the 
country were enabled to escape. The I'.. Mowing morn- 
ing they came into the country ; and seeing it laid 
waste, they blamed themselves, saying, 'Lo, the 
' (lattery of Uchtryd !' So they accused Uchtryd, 
ami said, 'Who would have any participation in his 
' cunning?' And when they had traversed every 
spot in the country, they found nothing except ■■) stud 
belonging to Cadwgan ; and having found that, they 
burned the houses, barns, and corn, ami returned 
back to •' l their tents/ and then they destroyed some 
of the people who had fled to Llanbadarn, and 
others they left without being destroyed. And whilst 
they were thus engaged, they heard that some men 
were staying in the sanctuary of Dewi, at Llanddewi 
Brevi, in the church with the ,J priest. Then they 
sent there certain e wicked and reckless spirits/ who 
defiled 7 the churchyard and' the church, and com- 
pletely laid them waste; d and afterwards they 
returned almost empty, with only an ignominious 



•''' s the castle of Rhyd y Gors ; lj D priests. 

(: ' "' wicked spirits of society, 

''' " and afterwards they returned, having devastated 
and ravaged the whole country, except the precincts 

of the saints themselves, Dewi and Padarn. 



* E. 
" fl. D. 



10 B. 
" C. 



92 BEDT V TYWYSOGION. 

seint Dewi a Phadarn.' AgOedy hynny y mordGyaOd 
Owein y Iwerdon gyt ac ychydic o gedymdeithon, 
ar rei yd oed acliaOs udunt trigyaO yny ol kanys 
1 buassynt forth losgedigaeth y castell, ac y gan Mdr- 
chath - [y] brenhin pennaf yn lOerdon yd aruollet ef 
yn hegar, kanys ef a vuassei gynt y gyt ac ef, a 
cliyt ac ef y magyssit yn yr ryuel y diffeithwyt 
Mon y gan y deu iarll, ac yd anuonyssit 8 [ef ] y 
gan y vraOt a rodyon y Murtarfc. Ac yna ydaeth 
KadOgaOn yndirgel liyt Yinpowys, ac anuon kenadeu 
8 aOnaeth y geissaO hedychu a Rickart ystiwavt y 
brenhin, achael kygreir gantaO ''awnaeth y geissaO 
hedychu ar brenhin ]>y Oed bynnac y gallei. Ae 
aruoll aoruc y brenhin a gadel idaO drigyaO <J [y] inyf.m 
fcref a. gadssei y gan y Oreic oed s Ffragges inerch 
" Pictofc Sago/ Ac yna ydaclmbaOd MadaCc ac Ithel 
meibon Ridit 7 [ab Bleddyn] ran GadOgaOn ac Owein 
y vab o Powys y rei a lywassant yn anuo]} r anus ; 
ac ny l.nianfc liedychaOl y rygtlmnt elmnein. Yg- 
kyfr6g liynny gGedy liedyehu o GadOgaGn - [ar bren- 
liin] y kafas y gyuoetli, nyt amgen KeredigyaOn 
gGedy y pbrynn y gan y brenhin yr cant punt. A 
g&edy clybot liynny ymclioelut a vnauth paGb or 
a H wascaryssat kylch o gylchj kanys gorchyinyn 
y brenhin oed a na allei neb gynnal neb or rei 



a ' u kynn no bynny na thrigei neb Yngheredigyawn 
na chiwdawdvvyr gwyr dieitbyr ac nacbynnbalyei neb 
\vynt. 10 Ac nat attalie neb or a doethassei y Kered- 
igiawn kyn no hynn^ y ev chyvanhedu o ystrawn 
genediloed ; namyn ev gellwng yn ryd. 



1 baessynt, B. 

*B. 

'■' aoruc nt, B, 



4 aoruc, B. 

5 Ffranges, B. 



TITE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 03 

booty from the precincts of St. Dewi and St. Padaro.' 
And after that, Owain went on a voyage to Ireland, 
with a few companions, ami those who found it. 

necessary to follow him ; for they had been at (he 
burning of the castle ; and was kindly received by 
Mnrchath, the supreme king in Ireland ; for he had 
been formerly with/him, and had beeu educated with 
him during the war in which Mona was ravaged by 
the two earls, and had been sent by his brother, 
with presents to Murtart. And then Cadwgan went 
privately to Powys, and despatched messengers to en- 
deavour to make peace with Rickart, the steward of 
the king, and obtained his consent to try to make 
his peace with the king in whatever way he conld. 
And the king received him, and suffered him to dwell 
in a hamlet he had obtained with his wife, who 
was a Frenchwoman, the daughter of (! Pietet Sage.' 
And then Madog and Ithel, the sons of llhivid, 7 son 
of Bleddyn/ seized the portion of Powys belonging 
to Cadwgan and his son Owain, who had unworthily 
governed, and who had not been at peace between 
themselves. In that interval, after Cadwgan hud made 
his peace " with the king/ he obtained his territory, 
that is to say, Ceredigion, after purchasing it from 
the king for a hundred pounds. And when that be- 
came known, all those who had been dispevsed round 
about returned, for it was the command of the king 
8 that no support was to be given to those who had 



a ' ° previously, that none should dwell in Ceredigion, 
whether natives or strangers, and that nobody should 
support them. '" And that he would not retain any 
of those who had come to Ceredigion previously ; but 
let them go free. 



" Piceot de Saii, 


D. 


Pigod o 


B (fC'SpftTVSC'f, Ti 


Snesis, C. 






9 a 


-■ E. 






10 /;. 



94 liRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

aocdynt ynpressOylafl KeredigyaGn, kyn no hynny na 
gOr or wlat na g6r dieithyr vel' A rodi aoruc y 
brenhin y GadGgaOn drwy yr ainmot liynn yma ; li^^t 
nabei na chedyrndeithas na chyfeillach y rygtaO ac 
Owein y nab, ac na adei idaG dyuot yr wlat, ac na 
rodei idaO na chyghor na nertb. Ac odyna ydym- 
choelaOd rei or gvvyr aathood gyt ac Owein y Iwer- 
don, a llechu yn dirgeledic awnaethant heb Oneuthur 
dim argGywed. A gOedy hynny yd ymchoelaOd Owein, 
ac nyt y GeredigyaGn y doeth namyn y Bowys ; a 
cheissaO anuon kenadeu at y brenhin '[aOnaeth] 2 [ac 
ny lyuassaOd neb ar&ein y genadGri liyt at y brenhin]. 
YgkyfrOg hynny y bu annuundeb rOg MadaOc ar 
!•' IV, i no, o acliaOs y Detradeu yd oed y Saesonn yn 
y wneutliur ar y tir, ac odyno yd oedynt yn gOneu- 
thwr canicu yn erbyn y brenhin ac yn dyuot at 
VadaOc. Ac yna yd anuones Rickert ystiwart at 
VadaOc y erchi ' [idaO] •"• daly y gOyr awnatlioed y 
kam b yn erbyn y' brenliin ; ac ynteu aOrthOynebaOd y 
hynny ac nys dalaOd. Ac yn gamOedaOc heb wybot 
betli awnaei, namyn keissad kyveillach gan Owein 
uab KadOgaOn, a hynny a gavaa ; a gOneuthur hedOch 
r6g a rei a oedynt yn elynyon kyn no hynny, 
ac ymariioll vch benn creireu aOnaetliant liyt na 
hodycliei vn ar brenhin heb y gilyd, ac na vredyehei 
vii o nadunt y gilyd. Ac yna y herdynt y gyt ]>y 
le bynnac y dyckei ytygbetuen Oynt ; a llosci tref 
neb un forda aorugant, a pliy beth bynnac a ellyni y 
dltyn ganfcunt nac yn veirch nae yn wiscoed 6ynt 
ae ducsanfc na neb ryO dim arall or a gefFynt. 



a •' fcalu ''' :1 yr 

' B. I : C. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. !>'■ 

been heretofore dwelling in Ceredigion, whether a 
man of the country or a stranger/ And the king 
made the grant to Cadwgan, on condition that there 
should be neither communion nor friendship between 
him and his son Owain, and that he should not 
allow him to enter the country, and that he should 
not afford him advice nor assistance. From that time, 
some of the men, who had gone with Owain into 
Ireland, returned, and concealed themselves, without 
committing any injury. And after that, Owain also 
returned, not to Ceredigion, but to Powysj and en- 
deavoured to send messages to the king, 2 and none 
dared to forward his business to the king.' Whilst, 
that was passing, a discord arose between Madog and 
the French, on account of the robberies that the 
Saxons were committing upon the land ; and thence 
they were committing wrongs against the king, and 
coming to Madog. And then Rickart the steward 
sent to Madog, desiring him to !l seize the men who 
had done the injury b against' the king; ami he 
objected to it, and did not seize them. And thus 
criminal, he knew not what he could do, other than 
seek the friendship of Owain, son of Cadwgan ; and 
this he obtained; and so peace was made between 
those who before were enemies. And they mutually 
pledged upon the relics that neither should be recon- 
ciled to the Icing without the other, and that neither 
of them would betray the other. Then they wandered 
together wherever their destiny might lead them ; and 
burned the hamlet of some gentleman, and carried 
off whatsoever they could with them, whether horses 
or clothes, or anything else they could find. 



a 8 pay '' :i to 



1 B, 



96 BRUT V TYWYSOQION. 

HCYIL Y vlGydyn rue Gyneb y koffaaftd Henri vrenhin 
garchar lorwoerth nab Bledyn, ac anuon kennat attaO 
y wybot licth arodei yr y ellOg oe garchar; kanya 
blin yO hot yn liirgarcliar. Ae ynteu aedewis m6y 
noc a allei ' [y] dyuot idaO, adywedut ' [aoruc efj y 
rodei pob dim or ' [aallei acj a arcliei y brenhin ; ac 
yn gyntaf "-' ynten a' orchis gOy.stlon 1 [ y nap Ridit] 
veibon goreugdyr y wlat; yv eilweith yd ercbia 
a Itliel mab ' Ridit y vraOt a thrycliant punt o aryanfc 
py fford bynnac y gallei dyuot udunt, nac o veircli, 
nac o yelien nac o neb vyb fiord y gallei dyuot 
udunt. ,J Ac yna y rodet mab KadOgaOn uab Bledyn 
yr Ilium a anyssit or Ffranges yr hOn a elwit Henri 
ac y fcalOyt can more drostaG.' Ac yna y rodet y 
Olat idaw ef, a llaGer a dalaOd. Ac yna y 3 gellygOyt 
mab KadOgadn. Ac ygkyfrOg y petheu hynny y 
gOnaefch Owein a M.adaOc 4 ac eu ' kedymdeithon UaGer 
o drygeu yggOlat y Ffreinc ac yn Lloeger. A a pha 
beth bynnac a geffynt nac o ledrat nac o dreis, y 
dir lorwoerth y dygynt. Ac yno y pressGylyni. Ac 
yna anuon kenadOri a oruc lorwoerth attunt yn 
garedie a dywedut Orthynt ual hynn. Dub anrodea 
ni yn Had 6 an gelynyon, ac an darestygaOd yn gym' inf. 



'<•' 7 Yorwerth ac Ithel meibyon 

''' H Ac o hynny y rodes y brenbin y vab Cadogon 
or Fraghes a dyWedpwyt vchot, Henri oed y henw. 
cant more. 



1 B. 3 gollygaGd ef, B. 

'-' yd. B. | 4 ae, B. 



THE CHR0N1CLK OF TIIK PRINCES. 07 

1107. The ensuing year king Henry remembered 
the imprisonment of lorwerth, son of Bleddyn, and 

sent a message to him to know what he would 
give for liberating him out of his prison; for it is 
wearisome to be long in prison. And lie promised 
more than he could compass, saying that he would 
give every thing 'that he could, and' that the king' 
might demand. And then lie first demanded hostages 
from 'his son Rhirid/ and from among the sous of the 
prineipal men of the country ; and, secondly, he de- 
manded a Ithel, son' of Rhirid, his brother, and three 
hundred pounds of silver, in whatsoever way he might 
obtain it, whether in horses, or in oxen, or in any 
way he could procure it. ''And then, the SOD of 
Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, who had been born of the 
French woman, and whose name was Henry, was to 
be given up to him, and for him a hundred marks 
were paid/ And then his country was delivered up 
to him, for which he, paid a great deal ; and then the 
son of Cadwgan was set at liberty. And whilst these 
things were passing, Owain and Madog, with 
companions, committed many crimes, in the country 
of the French, and in England ; and whatsoever they 
obtained, whether by robbery or by force, they con- 
veyed to the land of lorwerth, and there they took 
up their abode. And then lorwerth sent a kindly 
message to them, speaking to them thus, 'God has 
' delivered us into the hands of our enemies, and 



;i ' 7 lorwerth and lthel, the sons 

b/ 8 And thereupon the king gave to the son of 
Cadwgan by the French woman above mentioned, 
whose name was Heniy, a hundred marks. 



phy, B. ' C. Not in D. 

yn, B. I 8 D. 



98 BBUT V TYWYSOGION. 

nc na allem g&neuthui dim or auoi cwyllys gennym. 
GOahardedio yO ynni ba&b or Brytanyeit hyt na 
chyfiredino nob o honam ni a ' chOchOi nac o vOyt 
nac o diaOt, nac o nerth, nac o ganhorthOy, namyn 
2 aOch keiasati ach 8 hela ym pob lie, ach rodi yny 
diwed yn llaO y brenbin 4 oc aOdh ' carcharu neu 
4 oc aOch ' Had, neu 4 ycb 5 dihenydyaO neu yr bynn 
a vynnei a ch6i. Ac yn bennaf y gorchymynOyt inn 
a ChadGgaGn nat ymgredem achOi. Kanys ny digaOn 
neb tebygu na damunaO tat neu ewythyr da °y eu' 
meibon ae nyeint. Kanys od 7 ymgedymdeithOn ' ni 
a chOi, neu vynet haeach yn erbyn gorcbymynneu y 
brenbin, ni a gollGn 8 an kyfoeth, ac ankarcberir yny 
voin veirG neu anlledir. Ac Grth liynny mi a6cli 
gOediaf megya a kyueillt, a mi a6cb ' gorchymynnaf 
I '■ nrglOyd, ac acb eirolaf megis °kar nad elocb' 
fold ym kyuoeth i na ford y gyfoeth KadGgaGn mGy 
noc y gylbetb gOyr ereill yn kylcb. Kanys mOy o 
" anuodedigaetheu a geissyr yn erbyn ni, noc yn erbyn 
ereill yn bot yn gylus. A tbremygu liynny a Onaeth- 
ant a nifiyvdy eu kyfoeth a vynycbynt, 10 a breid 
y gocbelynt kyndrycliolder y gOyr ehunein. A Ior- 
woertli a geissaGd eu bymlit a chynmillaG UaGer o wyr 
aoruc " ac eu '-hela. Ac 13 Gynteu ae gochelassant 
bob ychydic. Ac yn vn 14 dorof ygyt y kyrchassant 



0/ 16 kyuciHon Jlc nc ], 1, IS ar gl(,ydi, 

c ' '•' kereint Jiath trossOch 



1 cli lo. /;. 
s yycli. //. 
a he! v. B. 
" y Ocli, B. 



» diiK'lli:i. B. 

01 yO, B. 

'■' ymgyffrediDOn dim, B. 

" yn, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINi 00 

• brought us down bo much, thai we could accomplish 

'nothing of what might be our wish; it is inter- 
'dieted to all of us Britons, to hold any intercourse 
' with you, in respect of victuals, or drink, or aid, or 
'support; but we must search and hunt for you in 
' every place, and ultimately deliver you into the 

• hands of the king, to imprison you, or to kill you, 
' or to execute 3^011, or to do unto you whatever he 
' would wish. And specially has it been commanded 
'me and Oadwgan, that we should have no fellowship 
'with you; for no one can suppose but that a father, 
' or an uncle, must desire the welfare of his sons and 
' his nephews. Therefore, if we have communication 
'with you, or in the least go contrary to the com- 
' maud of the king, we shall lose our territory, and 
' shall be imprisoned so that we die, or we shall 
'be killed. Wherefore, I pray you, as »a friend, 
'and' command you, as ''your lord/ and intercede 
' with you, as c a relative, that you go not into ' my 
' territory, nor into the territory of Oadwgan any 
' more, nor into the territory of other men about us ; 
'because more causes of displeasure will be sought for 
'against us, as being blameable, than against others.' 
This they treated with contempt, and frequented their 
territories the more; and scarcely would they avoid 
even the presence of their men. And Iorwerth took 
measures to pursue them, and collected many men, 
and hunted after them; and the others step by step 
avoided them, and in one combined body they pro- 



"■' l5 friends, and >•' u lords, 

c ' la relatives that ye pass not over 



" annogedigaethu, B. 


13 6yn t, B. 


,0 ac a, B. 


" Coryi; B. 


" v, B. 


15 B. 


'- iicly, B. 





a 2 



100 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

gyfoefch Vchtrut ' [ap Edwin] liyt ym Meiryonyd. A 
phan gigleu veibon Vchtrut liynuy ac tenia -rei a 
ellygassant' Vchtrut y amdiffyn y tir, anuon a orugant 
y Veiryonyd y beri y baOp dyuot attunt y Grthlad y 
gbyr oc eu tir. Kanys yn gyntaf y daihoedynfc y 
GyfeilaGc yny lie ydoed meibon Vchtrut. Ac ny 
allysaanfc 3 eu gfothlad. Ac yua yd ymgynnullaOd 
gbyr Meiryonyd heb ohir ac y deuthant at veibon 
Vchtrut. Ac ual yd oed Ovvein a MadaGc yn 4 y 
llctyeu' YgkyfeilaOc, trannocth y boreu nruaethu 
aorugant mynet y Veironnyd y ° letyaO heb wneuthur 
dim drGc am gun. Ac ual ydoedynt yn dOyn eu hynt, 
nachaf wyr Meiryoiinyd ygkyfr6g mynyded ac °ynya]- 
Och yn ' d&yn y bydin gyweir yn kyfaruot 7 [ac hynt], 
ac yn H eu ruthraO, ac yn dodi gate arnunt. Ac 
°6ynteu heb 10 dybyaO dim Grfchynt ar y kyrch kynfcaf 
y ffoassant ; ac y deuth Owein. a A phan gOelaa 
gOyr Meiryonnyd ef yn kyrclm yn OraOl ac yn LaraOt 
y ymlad, fib yn deissyfeit aorugant. Ac ° Oynteu 
ac hymlidyaxsant 7 [Oynt] hyt eu gOlafc, a diffeithad 
y wlat aorugant, a llosgi y tei ar ydeu allad 
yr yscryliyl kyincint ac a ga&ssant heb dOyn dim 
gantunt.' A gOedy hynny ydaeth Madavc y Bowys. 



a' n Agwedy gwelet o Oweyn a Madoc y gwyr yn 
ymlad nior wrawl ae wynt, kymryt ev hynt ar fo a 
orugant, ac ev hymlit aoruc y gwyr ereill hyt ev 
kyvanhedev ae yna llosgi y tei ar ydev a llad yr 
y sgry b y 1 y n 1 hv y r. 



: ' yrei aollygnssei, B. 
*y,B. 



«' llctlyu. B. 

•'• lettyv, B. 

c ' ynn anyallOcli, ynn, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINi 101 

ceeded towards the territory of Uchtryd, 'son of 
Edwin/ in Meirionydd. And when that became known 
to the sons of Uchtryd and their tribe, who wore left 
by Uchtryd to defend their Land, they Beni to Meiri- 
onydd, ordering every body to join them to expel 
the men out of bheir land For they hat! first come 
into Oyveiliog, where the sons of Uchtryd were sta- 
tioned, who were not able to expel them ; and there- 
upon the men of Meirionydd assembled without delay, 
and came to aid the sons of Uchtryd. And, as 
Owain and Madog were at their lodgings in Cyveiliog, 
they, early on the following- day, purposed going into 
Meirionydd to take their quarters, without doing 
any mischief. And as they were pursuing their jour- 
ney, behold the men of Meirionydd were, among the 
mountains and fastnesses, in well ordered array, com- 
ing to meet them, rushing upon them, and setting 
up a shout. And the others not suspecting any thing 
about them, fled on the first onset; and then Owain 
advanced. a When the men of Meirionydd saw him 
coming bravely forward, and prepared to fight, they 
suddenly took to flight, and the others pursued them 
into their country ; and they ravaged the country, 
and burned the houses and the corn, and killed all 
the cattle they could find, without taking any thing 
away with them/ After that .Madog went into Powys ; 



n ' n And when Owain and Madog saw the men 
fighting so bravely with them, they took to flight, 
and the other men pursued them as far as their 
abodes, where they burned the houses and crops, and 
killed all the cattle. 



T />'. i '" tybygu, B. 

*y,B. " I) E. 



102 



BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 



.'. • Owein a ymchoelaOd ef ae wyr y GeredigyaGn y 

lie yd oed y dat yn gOledycbu ac yn pressOy]a6 ; a 

.-.Vi ooruc ef ae gedymdeitbon yny lie y mynnaOd, 

achoffau dyuodyat y dat kynno bynny yr kyfoetb. 

Kanys y ' gedyindeitb oedynt' y Dyfet 2 y yspeilaO 
y w\at 8 ac y dala' y dynyon, ac eudOyn ynrGym 
byt y llogeu adatboed gan Owein o Iwerdon. Ac 
»yna ydoedynt ' yn trigyaO yn teruyneu y wlat. Ac 
eilweitb yd aetbant y galO ynvydyon 4 a chwanegi' 
eu rif, a cbyrchu dros nos y ''wlat ae llosgi, allad 
paGb or a gaOssant yndi, ac yspeilaO ereill, a dOyn 
ereill gantunt ygkarcbar, ac eu gOertbu y eu dynyon 
eu banuon yn r6ym yr llogeu. A gGedy llosgi 
y tei a Had kymeint ac agaGssant or annifeileit, 
a cbymeint ac a gaOssant a B dugant gantunt, ac 
a ymchoelassant fford y KeredigyaOn Grtb letyaO a 
tbrigyaO a mynet a dyuot, beb edrycli dim o acbGysson 
KadOgaOn nac o wabard y brenbin. A rei o nadunt 
dreilgOeitb a oedynt yn kadO fford yd oed °benafg(»r 
or Flembissieit yn dyuot idi, aebwit Wiliam o ' V re- 
ban, ae gyferbynieit a Gnaetbant ae lad. Ac yna 
mynet o GadDgaGn gyt a Iorwoertb y lys y brenbin 
y vynnu kail ymdidan ac ef. Ac ual 8 y buant ' yna 
nacbaf braOt yr gOr a " ladyssit yny lie yn menegi 
yr brenbin ry lad o Owein ae gedyraeithon y vraOt. 
Pan gigleu y brenbin bynny gofyn a oruc y GadGg- 



a ' 10 etOa y mae 



>' " di-ef o Dyued 



" getymdeithon aetbant, B. 

* ac, B. 

v a. duly, B. 



" y chGanecau, B. 
5 ducsant, B. 

" hcnm-fgOyr, B. esgob, C. pri- 
mas, I). 



THE CHRONIC!.): OF THE PBINCES. 103 

and Owain with his own men returned to Ceredigion, 
where his father was reigning and dwelling; and he 
and his companions remained where lie thought proper, 
calling to mind the coming of his father into (he terri- 
tory before ; for his companions had gone into Dyved, 
to pillage the country and seize the people, and take 
them bound to the ships that had come with Owain 
from Ireland. And n then they were' dwelling about 
the borders of the country. And they went a 
time to invite simpletons to augment their number, 
and entered ,J the country' by night, and burned it, 
and killed every body they found therein, and pillaged 
others, and took others with them as prisoners, and 
sold them to their people, or sent them bound to their 
ships. After burning the houses, and killing as many 
as they found of the cattle, and taking all they 
could bring with them, they returned t<> Ceredigion 
to lodge and abide, going and coming without at all 
minding the affairs of Cadwgan, or the interdiction of 
the king. And some of them, on a time, were watch- 
ing the road along which an old man of the Flem- 
ings, called William of 7 Brabant, was travelling, and 
they intercepted and killed him. And then, Cadwgan 
and Iorwerth repaired to the court of the king, to 
obtain some conversation with him ; and while they 
were there, behold the brother of the person that had 
been killed was present, informing the king how 
Owain and his companions had slain his brother. 
When the king heard that, he rpuestioned Cadwgan, 



a ' 10 they are still b ' n a town of Dyved 



7 Brabawd, C. Vrebam, B. 
s ' bydant, B. 
9 ledissit, B. 



10 B. 



104 BBUT Y TTWYSOGION. 

aOn beth a dywedy am hynny. ' Nis gGnn i' arglGyd 
heb y KadGgaOn. Yna ydyGaGt y brenhin kany elly 
di kadO dygyfoeth rac kedymdeithon dy vab liyt 
oaladon vyggGyr eilweitb mi a rodaf dy gyfoeth yr 
neb ae kafctOo, a thitlieu a drigy y gyt a mi drGy 
yr amot h6nn yma na sethrych di dy briaGt wlat, a 
mi atb borthaf di ora hymbortb i yn y gymerGyf 
gygbor 8 am danat. A rodi aoruc y brenhin pedeir ar 
hugein idaG peunYd ygkyfeir y dreid. Ac 3 yna y 
trigyaOd lieb dodi 4 gefyn arnaO, namyn yn ryd y 
ford y mynnei either ywlat o bun. A gGedy clybot 
o Owein yspeilaG y dat oe gyfoeth, kyrcbu Iwerdon 
aoruc ef a BffadaOc uab Ridifc. A gGedy liynny anuon 
aoruc y brenhin at Gilbert uab Rickert yr bGnn a 
Oed de&r molyannns 5 galluus, a cbyfeillfc yr brenhin, 
agfir arderchaGc oed yny boll weithredoed c [y] erclii 
idaG dyuot attaG, ac ynteu y deuth. Ar brenhin 
a dywaOt GrthaG, yd oedut yn wastat yn keissaG ran 
o tir y Brytanyeit y genyf, mi arodaf itt 7 yr afa 
honn' tir KadGgaGn H [vab JBledyn] dos a goreskyn ef. 
Ac yna y kymerth yn llaOen ygan y brenhin. Ac 
yna gan gynullaO llu gyt ae ° gedymdeithon y deuth 
hyt yg KeredigyaGn ac y gorescynnaGd. Ac yd ad- 
eilaOd deu gastell yndi, nyt amgen vn gyferbyn a 
Llan Badarn ynymyl aber yr auon aelwir YstGyth, 
10 ar Hall geir' llaG Aber Teifi, yny lie aelwir Din- 
gereint, y lie c [y] grGndwalassci Roger iarll kyn 
no hynny gastell. A gGedy n yehydic o amser yd 
ymehoelaGd MadaOc ab llidit o Iwerdon heb allel 
godef andynolyon VQeaseu y GGydyl. Ac Owein a 



'' ny On, 13. 

-Nin, 11. 
8 "ynn, B. 



1 gefj ncii, B. 
' gauoaOr, B. 



Till: CHRONICLE OF THE PBTNCES, 105 

'What sayest thou concerning that ? 'I know not, 
' my lord/ replied Cadwgan. Then said the king, 
' Since thou canst not protect thy territory againBt the 
• companions of thy son, to prevent them from killing 

' my men a second time, I shall give thy territory to 
' such as will protect it, and thou shalfc remain with 
' me under this condition, that thou tread not thy 
' native soil ; and I will support thee from my table, 
' until I take counsel concerning thee.' And the king 
allowed him daily twenty-four pence towards his ex- 
penditure ; and there he continued, without being put 
in fetters, having his liberty to go where he pleased, 
except to his own country. And when Owain heard 
how his father had been deprived of his territory, he, 
with Madog, son of llhirid, "went to Ireland. After 
that, the king sent to Gilbert, son of Rickert, who 
was brave, renowned, and powerful, and a friend of 
the king, and an honourable man in all his actions, 
desiring that he would come to him ; and he came 
accordingly. The king said to him, 'Thou wert con- 
' tinually seeking for a portion of the land of the 
' Britons from me, I will now give thee the land <>f 
' Cadwgan, 8 son of Bleddyn ;' go and possess it.' And 
he accepted it with pleasure from the king ; and, having 
collected an army in concert with his companions, 
lie proceeded to Ceredigion, and took possession of it; 
and built therein two castles, one opposite to Llan- 
badarn, near the efflux of the river called Fstwyth, 
and the other contiguous to Aberteivi, at the place 
called Dingeraint, where earl Robert had before then 
founded a castle. After a little time Madog, son of 
llhirid, returned from Ireland, not being able f<> endure 
the savage manners of the Gwyddelians ; but Owaiu 



' yn a6r, B. 
D. 
getymeithoD, B. 



I0 ' ac arall ger, B. 
11 Oychydic, B. 



L06 BRUT V TYWTSOGION. 

drigyaOd yno yn y ol d;ilym o amser. A MadaGc aaeth 
y Powys ; ac nyt aruollet nac yn hegar nac yn dru- 
gara6c y gun Iorwoerth y ft ewythyr rac y gynnal 
ins y gan y brenliin herdyd kyfreith a dryc- 
weithret ot ymgyffredinei no nei o dim. Ac ynteu 
ynwibiatidyr a lechaOd hGnt ac yma gan ocliel kyd- 
rycliolder Iorwocrth. ' [A] Iorwoerth aGnaeth kyfreith 
hyt na bei ' [neb] a vcidei dywedut dim OrthaO ' [ef 
dim] am Vadawc, na nienegi dim am danaO gOelit na 
welit. YgkyfrOg hynny aruaethu a wnaeth MadaGc 
gfmeuthur brat Iorwoerth y a cwythyr. A 2 dala 
kyveillach aortic a Llywarch uab Trahaearn. Ac yni- 
aruoll y gyt awnaetliant yn dirgeledic ; ac eissoea yr 
fcerOyn hOnnG •' , ydaethant. 

mcviii. Y vlOydyn rac 4 6yneb c [pan oed oet Crist 
mil achant ac wyth mlyned] y paratoes Madame vrat 
IorOoerth ' [a ueddlyassei kynn o hynny], acheissaO amser 
acliyfle a (i Gnaeth y 7 gyflenwi y ewyllys. A phan 
ymchoelaOd Iorwoerth y H Gaer EinaGn' y kyrchaOd 
MadaGc a ckedymdeithGB Llywarch ygyt ac ef yn- 
borth idaG kyrch nos am benn Iorwoerth. Adodi 
ga6r a orugant ygkylcli yty lie ydoed Iorwoerth ; a 
dylnmad awnaeth Iorwoerth gan yr aGr, achadG y ty 
,'irnaO ef ae 9 gedymdeithon 5 [yn gadarn] ; a llosgi y 
ty a Onaeth MadaGc am ben Iorwoerth. A phan welaa 
kedymdcithon Iorwoerth hynny kjTchu allan aorugant 
drGy y tan, ' [ac adaO Iorwoeth yn y tan]. Ac yntau 
pan welaa y ty yndygGydaG keissaO kyrchu allan 
aoruc ae elynyon ae kynierth ar vlaen 10 gGewyr, ac 



a n gevynderw 



1 B. 

" duly, B. 

3 y deuthant, B. 



■' llaO, B. 

»J?. 

oruc, B. 



THE CHRONIOT V$ THE PRIN< 107 

remained there after him lor sonic time. Then Madog 
proceeded to Powys; but was not, received either 
kindly or mercifully by his "uncle Iorwerth, le9t ho 
should be deemed culpable by the king, accordi 
law, for the misdeed, if ho connected himself with 
his nephew in any thing; and the other, a fugitive, 
skulked here and then', avoiding the presence of 
Iorwerth. A law was made by the king that none 
should dare say any thing to him about Madog, or 
speak about him, seen or not seen. Meanwhile, 
Madog formed a design of laying a plot against his 
uncle Iorwerth; and kept up an intimacy with Llyw- 
arch, son of Trahaiarn, and they privately pli 
each other, and came to that resolution. 

1108. The ensuing year, 6 when the year of Christ 
was one thousand one hundred and eight/ Madog 
prepared the plot against Iorwerth, ' which he had 
iously meditated,' and sought for time and oppor 
tunity to accomplish his design. When Iorwerth re- 
turned to 8 Caereinion, Madog, with the assistance of 
Llywarch's accomplices, made a night attack upon 
Iorwerth. They set up a shout about the house, 
where Iorwerth resided; and Iorwerth awoke by the 
shout, and s bravely' defended the house, aided by 
his companions. Then Madog set fire to the house 
about Iorwerth; and when the companions of Ior- 
werth saw that, they sallied out through the fire, 
*and left Iorwerth in the lire.' And he, seeing 
the house falling, attempted to get out, and his 
enemies received him on the points of their spears, 



a n cousin 



; gyfUleOoi, 13. 

v Ynkcredigiou, E. 
" getymeithon, B. 



10 g6ay6ar, /J. 

" D. 



108 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

yu afclosgedic y lad A phan gigleu Eenri vrenhin ry 
lad Iorwoerth rodi Powya a wnaeth y Gad6ga6n uab 

JJlcdyn. A la-dyclm ac Owein y vab. Ac ercki y 
GadOgaOn anuon kenadeu yu "1 Owein hyt yn Iwer- 
don. A gOedy g6ybot a Yadafc ar rei aladyssyni 
Iorwoerth gyt ac ef rywneuthur agkyfreith o nadunt 
yn erbyn y brenliin llcchu y myOn coedyd aorugant, 
ac aruaethu gfineutlmr brat Kad'igaGn. A ChadOgaGn 
heb uynnu argGedu y neb megys ydoed noes gantaO 
adoeth liyt yn Trall6g Llywelyn arvedyr trigyaG yno 
aphresdylaG Hi: yd oed byrrOyd ac agos ' [lieuytj y 
VadaOc. Ac yna anuon yspiwyr aoruc Madadc y Oybot 
py le y l»'i GadDga6n. Ar rei hynny a doethant 
drachefyn ac a dywedassant y neb yd 3 oedynt yny 
geissaO, ym pell y mac hOnnO ac yn ages. Ac ynteu 
ae wyr yny lie a gyrchaGd KadOgaGn. A ChadOgaGn 
heb tybyaO dim drGc a ymOnacth yn llesc beb vynny 
lib, a heb allel ymlad, wedy lib y wyr nil ac, gael 
ynteu yn unie ac lad. A gwedy Had KadGgaGn anuon 
kenadeu a 8 wnaeth BiadaGc at 'Kickert escob Llun- 
dein y gGr a oed yn kynhal He y brenliin ac yn y 
lywvaG yn AmGythic y erchi ' [tain] idaO ef y fcir y 
gOnathoedit y kynafaneu bynny ymdauaO. A g6edy 
6 rac \clylyaO' or escob yn gynnil y acliGysson ef heb 
rodi messur ar hynny y oedi aorue, ac nyt yr y 
garyat 6 ef, namyn adnabot o honaG deuodeu g&yr y 
wlat ' [y] mac Had aOnaei bop un o 7 nadunt y gilyd. 
Ac gyi'ran a vuassci 8 idaO ef ac y Itbel y GraGt kyn 
no hynny a rodei idaO. A phan gigleu Varedud uab 
Bledyn hynny, kyrehu y brenhin aoruc y ercbi idaO 



1 ]>. 3 oruc, 13. 

2 oidem ni, 13. ' liichurt. J). 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 109 

greatly burnt, and killed liim. And when king Henry 
beard that Iorwerth had been slain, lie gave Powys 

to Cadwgan, son of lUeddyn, and was reconciled to 
Owain his sun. and requested Cadwgan to send oies- 

sengers after Owain to Ireland. Madon- and these 
who had joined him in killing Iorwerth, understand- 
ing that they had committed a breach of law againsi 
the king, lurked in the woods, intruding (n plot 
against Cadwgan. And Cadwgan. without intending 
to injure any one, as was his disposition, came to 
Trallwng Llywelyn, with the design of staying there, 
and dwelling where it was convenient, and near 'also 
to Madog. Thereupon Madog sen! spies to learn 
where Cadwgan might he found ; and they returned 
and said, that the person they were in search of was 
far and near. And lie, with his men, immediately 
came upon Cadwgan ; and Cadwgan, not imagining 
any mischief, conducted himself weakly, and would 
not flee, and without being aide to fight, all his men 
having fled, lie being found alone was put to death. 
After Cadwgan hail been slain, Madog sent mi 
gers to Rickert, bishop of London, the man who sup- 
plied the king's place, and was governing at Shrews- 
bury, to request that the land should he paid to him 
for which the crimes had heen committed. And when 
the bishop had maturely considered the matter, he, 
without making a determination, delayed answering, 
not out of an}' , -love to him, hut knowing the man- 
ners of the people of the country, that they would all 
fie killing one another. But the portion that had 
been possessed by him and Ithel his brother before 
was given to him. "When Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, 
became acquainted with this, he went to the king, to 



v g0elet, B. I ' lionunl.L'. 

arnaO. 1 8 eidaO, B. 



110 BBUT Y TVWYSOCION. 

tir Iorwoerth aab Bledyn y vraGt, ar brcnhin arodea 
kad6ryaeth y tir idaO, yny delei Owein aab KadGgato 
yr wlat. YgkyfrOg hynny y deuth Owein ac yd aetli 
at y brcnhin. A chymryt y tir ' [y] gantaG truy rodi 
gfiystlon, ac adaO IlaOer o aryant. A MadaOc 2 [vab 
itiiit] aedewis llawer o aryant a gOystlon ac amodeu 
ger bronn y brenhin. A gOedy kymryt nodyeu ym- 
oglyt aoruc pob vn rac y gilyd yny vldydyn honno 
liyt y diwcd. 



MCIX. Yny vldydyn rac Dyneb ~ [pan oed oet Crist 
MC, a n;iv mlyned] 'y delit Robert iarll nab a Ro.ser o 
Vedlekem' y gan Henri vieiihin, ac y carcliardyt. Ac 
yryvelaOd y nab yn erbyn y brcnhin ' [am yr achos 
hOnnO]. 

MCX. Deg ndyned a chant a mil oed oet Crist pan 
anvones Maredud aab Bledyn y teuln y neb un gyn- 
hOryf y tir Llywarcli nab Trahaearn y dOyn kyrch. 
Yna y daniwiinaOd val yd oedynt yn dOyn hynt drOy 
gyfoeth * [MadaOc] nab Ridit, nachaf Or yn kyuaruot 
ac 6ynt a 5 dala hdnnO aoiiigant a gofyn idaO py le 
yd oed VadaGc uab Ridit y nos honno yn trigyaO. 
A gOadu yn gyntaf aOnaeth y gOr byt nas g&ydat ef. 
Ac odyna gOedy y gystudyaO ae gymell adef aoruc 
y vot ynagos 2 [attadunt]. A gOedy r6ymaG ' [y g6r] 
liOnnO B yspiwyr a aroyssant' yno a a llechu adnaethant 
yny oed oleu ' [y] dyd drannoeth/ AgGedy dyfot y 
bore o deissyfyt gOnnfiryf y 7 dugant kyrcb idaO ; a 
dala' a orugant ' [idav] a Had IlaOer oe "wyr, ae dOyn 



a' s ac ynteu yn llechu yn agos yny vei dyd. 



1 D. j v Roger de Bclcm, D. 

3 D. I l B. Maredud, A. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE I'KLV ! -. Ill 

request that he would give him the land of his bro- 
ther Iorwerth, son of Bleddynj and the king granted 

him custody of the land, until Owain, son of Cad- 
Wgan, should return to the country. In that interval 
Owain came, and repaired to the king, and received 
the land from him, by giving pledges and promising 
much money; and Madog, -son of Rhirid,' also pro- 
raised much money and pledges, with conditions, in 
the presence of the king. And after taking securities, 
each of them avoided the other, unto the end of that 
year. 

1109. The ensuing year, -when the year of Christ 
was a thousand one hundred and nine/ earl Robert, 
kou of Roger of Bethlehem, was seized by king Henry, 
and imprisoned ; and his son made "war against the 
king ' on that account/ 

1110. One thousand one hundred and ten was the 
year of Christ, when Mavedudd, son of Bleddyn, sent 
his family on some enterprise to the land of Llywarch, 
son of Trahaiarn, to make an incursion. Then it 
happened, as they were taking their course through 
the territory of Madog, son of Rhirid, behold a man 
meeting them, whom they seized, and they questioned 
him where Madog, son of Rhirid, was abiding that 
night; and the man at first denied that lie knew; 
and then, after torturing and urging him, he acknow- 
ledged that he was near 2 them. After binding the 
man, they sent spies to the place, ;i and lurked till it 
was light the following morning/ And when the 
morning was come, by a sudden enterprise they made 
an attack upon him, caught him, killed many of his 



a ' 8 he lurking near until it was day. 



■ <laly, B. '' kyrchassant ef, ae daly, B. 

" auuon yspiOr a Gnacthaut, B. 8 C. 



112 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOX. 

ygkarehar at Daredud, ae gymryt yn UaOen aonic ae 
gadd y myOn gefyneu. Yna y deuth Owein ab KadGg- 
a6n yr hOn nyt yttoed gartref ' [yna]. A phan gigleu 
Owein liynny ar vrys y deufcli; ac y rodes Maredud 

ef yny lad, ae gymryt 2 a oruc' yn lladen a ae dallu.' 
A lannii ' [y] rygtunt a&naethant y rami ef o Powys, 
sef oed hynny KereiuaGn a thraean DeudOr ae Aber 

i;ih. 

mcxi. Y vlOydyn rac dyneb 3 fpan oed oet Crist 
MCXI.] y kyflroi-s Henri vrenhin 'lluyn erbyn G6yned, 
ae yn bennaf 6 y Powys. Ag6edy barau ar Owein 
gOneutlinr ''agkyfreith, y gnhudad aorne Gilbert uab 
Rickert forth y brenhin, a dywedut bod gdyr Owein 
yn gOneutbur lledrateu ar y wyr ef ae tir. Ar 
7 drygeu aOnelei ereill a dywedit ar 8 dyr Owein.' A 
chredu aortic y brenhin bot pob petli or a D dy0a0t y 
kyliud'ir ynwir. Ygkyfrdg hynny kybudaO a I0 wnaeth 
inab " Hu iarll Kaer Llion Gruftud nab Kynan, ;i 
Grond uab Owein. Ac aruaetliu o gyttundeb niynnn 
dileu yr boll Vrytanyeit o gdbyl hyt na 12 eheffynt 
Vi-ytiinafil enO yn dragydydadl. Ac Orth bynny y 
kynullaGd Henri vrenhin Uu or boll ynys h o Penryn 
PengOaed yn I8 [Cyrnyw] byt ym Penryn Blataon yn 
v Gogled' yn erbyn Gdyned a Pbowys. A phan gig- 
leu Varedud uab Bledyn liynny my net awnaetb y 



a ' u ac aberys y dallu 

,,/H or van eithiaf o Gvrnyw lie gelwir Pengwayd, 
hjt y viiiin eithiaf o Brfdyn lie gelwir Penblafchaon. 



' B. 

v oragant, B. 

»X>. 

> hiyd, B. 



5 ym, B. 

''• agkyureithcu, B. 
' pctheu, B. 
» yOyr cf, B. 



the < nnoxTci.i: of tin: princes. 113 

men, and broughi him prisoner bo Maredudd, who re- 
ceived him gladly, and kept him in fetters. Then 
Owain, son of Oadwgan, who was not at hom< 
turned; and when Owain became acquainted with 
the affair, he came in baste, an. I Maredudd ci. 1 i \ *-i-< ■* I 
liim into liis hand; and he took him with pleasure, 
■■■Aw\ blinded him,' And they divided between them 
liis share of Powys, which was Caereinion, and the 
third of Deuddwr and AJberrhiw. 

1111. The ensuing year, s when the year >•!' Christ 
was a thousand "no hundred and eleven/ king Henry 
led an army against Gwynedd, and principally to 
I'nwys. After Owain had been condemned of a breach 
of law, Gilbert, son of Rickert, accused him before 
the king, saying that the. men "I" Owain were com- 
mitting robberies upon his people and his land: and 
the crimes committed by others were charged to the 
men of Owain. And the king believed that 

spoken by the accus* r was true. Meanwhile, 
m of Hugh, carl of Caerleon, accused Gruffudd, 
son of Cynan, and Qoronwy, son of Owain. and pur- 
posed by a combination to exterminate all the Britons 
entirely, so that they should never more bear the 
British name. Accordingly, king Henry collected an 
army out of the whole island, bfrom the promontory 
of Pengwaed in Cornwall to the promontory of 
lilathaon in the North/ against Gwynedd and Powys. 
And when Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, became ac- 



&,li caused him to be Minded. 

I,/I ' 1 from the extreme point of Cornwall, a place 
filled Pengwaed, to the extreme point "i' Prydyn, a 
called Penblathaon. 



■ dyOat, D. 
u oruc, /A 
" Ilyvel, E. 



' chaffcit, B. 

11 I). Iwcvdon, A. 
" 1). 

n 



] 1 J. BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

\ii kyfcillach y gun y brenbin. AgOcdy adnabot 
hynny o Owein kynullaG y boll wyr ae lioll da a 
] faiaeth, a nradaO liyt ymynyded Eryv'i ; kanys 
kadamaf lie a diogelaf y gaol amdiffyn yndaG rae y 
llu oed hGnnO. YgkyfrGg hymiy *yd anuones' y brea- 
hin tri llu. XJ11 gyt a Gilbert tywyssaOc o GernyO, a 
Brytanyeit y Deheu, a Frcinc a Saeson o Dyfet ar 
Deheu oil. Ar llu arall or Gogled ar Alban a deu 
tywyssaOc -arnunt, nyt amgen 8 [noc] Alexander vab y 
Moel COlOm, a mab Hu iarll Kaer Llion. Ar trydyd 
gyt ac ef ebun. Ac 4 yuo y deuth y brenbin ae 
deulu y gyt ac ef, hyfc y lie aelwir Mur Gastell. Ac 
Alexander ar iarll aaetbant y 5 Pennaeth BachGy. 
YgkyfrOg hynny ydamiones Owein gcnadeu at Ruf- 
fud » ac Owein y vab' y ercbi udunt gOneutbur 3 [yn] 
kada-rn hedOcb y rygtunt yn erbyn y gelynyon yrei 
yd oedynt yn aruaetb y dileu yn gObyl neu °y 
gOarchae yn y mor hyfc nat enwifc BrytanaOl enO yn 
dragywydaOl. Ac ymaruoll ygkyfc awnaethant byt na 
Onelei un beb y gilyd na tbagnefed na chyfundeb ae 
gelynyon. GOedy hynny ydanuones Alexander uab 
y Moel COlOm ar iarll s [y] gyt ac ef genadeu at 
Rufud, uab Kynan y ercbi idaO dyuot y hedOcb y 
brenbin ; ac adaO 11a wer idaO ae dOyllaO y gyttuunaG 
ac Oynt. Ar brenbin a anuones kenadeu at Owein y 
ercbi idaO dyuot y hedOcb ac adaO y gdyr ny 7 aller 
gafl'el na pbortb na nertb y gantunt. Ac ny chyt- 



a ' 8 ar Oronw vab Ywein ° ueibon 



1 orno, 13. 

■' ansodes, 13. 
3 13. 



1 yna, 13 

s Pennant, C. D. 



THE CHBONICLE OF THE lMHNt ES, II") 

quaintcd with that, he went to Beak the friendship 
of the king. This having been made known to 
Owain, lie collected together all his people, and all 
his property, and removed into the mountains of 
Eryri, for that was the strongest and safest place to 
make a defence against an army. In that interval 
the king sent out three armies; one under Gilbert, 
a prince of Cornwall, with the Britons of the Smith, 
and the French and English out of Dyved and all 
the South ; and the other army was from the North 
and Alban, with two princes over them, to wit, 
Alexander, the son of Malcolm, and the son of Hugh, 
earl of Caerleon ; and the third with himself. Then 
the king, with his retinue, came to the place railed 
Mur Gas tell ; and Alexander and the earl proceeded 
to 5 Pennaeth Bachwy. In that interval Owain Bent 
messengers to Gruifudd *and his son Owain,' request- 
ing of them to make a firm peace among themselves, 
against their enemies, who intended utterly to destiny 
them, or to hem them in by the sea, so that the 
British name should never more be uttered. They 
accordingly entered into a mutual agreement that no 
one should make any reconciliation or union with 
their enemies without the other. After that Alexander, 
son of Malcolm, in conjunction with the earl, sent 
messengers to Gruffudd, son of Cynan, to request him 
to make peace with the king, promising him a great 
deal ; and cajoled him to enter into terms with them. 
The king also sent messengers to Owain, requiring 
him to make peace, and to quit the men from whom 
neither aid nor strength could be obtained ; but 



n ' H and to Goronwy, son of Owain, ° his 



• on, n. I B c. 

' alio i, B. ° B. 

n 2 



UG BRUT V TTWYSOQION. 

synyaOd Owein a hynny. Ac yny lie nachaf un yn 
dyvot attaG, ;ic yn dywedut GrtliaO byd ovahis agdna 
yn gall yr hyn aGnelych. Llyma Rufud tt ac OOein y 
uab ' gOedy kymryt hedOch gan uab y Moel COlOm 
ar iarll gOedy rodi idaO o nndunt kael y tir yn ryd 
keb na threth na cliyllit na chaatell yndaG liyfc tra 
vei vyO y brcnliin. Ac ettwa ny chytsynyaGd Owein 
a hyniiy. Ar eilweith yd 'aruactkOys y brenbin 
anuon kenadeu at Owein, a chyt ac 6ynt Maredud 
uab Blcdyn y b ewythyr yr hGnn pan welas Owein 
a dywaOt wrthaG edrych na liOyrheych dyuot at y 
brenhin rac raculaenu o ereill kael kedymdeithas y 
brenhin ; ac ynt>'ii agredaiOd hynny a dyfbfc a Gnaeth 
at y brenhin. Ar brenhin ae' haruolles yn llaOen <1r'oy 
ua6r garyat ac enryded ~ [ef ae hi]. Ac yna y 
dywaOt y brenhin forth Owein 3 kan deuthost ti attaf 
i clli vod a :) chan credeist c vygkenadeu' nrinbeu 
ath vafirliaaf di ac ath dyrcbavaf yn uchaf ac yn 
pennaf otli genedel di. A mi a dalaf it yn gymeint 
ac y kyghorvynho pa&b oth gencdyl Grthyt. A nii a 
rodaf it dy holl tir yn ryd. A phan giglen Grufud 
hynny 2 [hedyehu o Ywein ar brenbin] anuon kenadeu 
aoruc at y brenhin y geissaC heddch y ganta&. Ar 
brenbin ae kyinerth ef y hedOeb dr&y dalu o honaO 
dreth uaOr idaO. Ae ymchoelut aoruc y brenhin y 
Loegyr, ac erchi y Owein dyuot y gyt ac ef a dy- 



'■'-''• a Ooronw vah Ywein 1,: ' gevynderw 

c '° kennadOri vyg kennadi i G gciriev vygken- 
nadev ii 



' aroaethaCd, B. ' J kanys, B. 

7 B. I ' C. ' 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINi 117 

Owain did not consent to that. And at the instant 
behold, there conies to Mm one, who says. ' II.' careful, 
' and what I lion doest, do ii discreetly. Here Qmf- 
' fudd ''and Ids son.' have accepted terms of peace 

• from tin' son of Malcolm and the earl, tiny hav- 

• in- granted him his land free, without cither tri- 
' bute, or duty, or erection of a castle in it, so long 
' as the king may live.' And yet Owain did not 
consent to it. And the second time did the king 
resolve to send messengers to Owain, and with them 
his ''uncle Marodudd, son of Bleddyn, who, when ho 
saw Owain, said unto him, 'See that thou delay not 
' coming to the king, lest others should he first 
' to obtain the favour of the king/ He then be- 
lieved that, and so came to the king. And the king 
received him gladly, with great courtesy and honour, 
s him and his retinue/ Then the King said to Owain, 
' Since thou hast willingly come to me. and since 
1 thou hast believed (: my messengers/ I will dignify 
' thee, and exalt thee to be the highest and the 
' chiefest of thy nation ; and I will pay thee so 
' much that every one of thy nation shall envy 
' thee; and I will give thee all thy land tree.' When 
Gruffudd became acquainted with the circumstance 
8 that Owain had made his peace with the king/ lie 
sent messengers to the king, to seek peace from him ; 
and the king received him into terms of peace, upon 
payment of a large tribute. Then the king returned 
to England, requiring Owain to come with him, say- 



°>' 4 and Goronwy, son of Owain ,jS cousin 

c " ; the message of my messengers, '"'the words of 
my messengers, 

•'• d. I ' n. 



118 m'.UT Y TYWYSOGION. 

wedut ' [idaw] y fcalei idaO a vei gyfyaGn, a dywedut 
wrthaO hynn a dyGedaf yt. Mi a af y Normandi ae 

deuy di y gyt a mi, mi a - gyweiraf itt bob pctli 
or a edeweis it, a mi ath wnaf yn uarchaGc urda6l. 
A i/Lanlyn y brenhin afoaeth drGy y mor. At bren- 
bin a gywiraOd idaO pob peth or a edewis idaO. 

mux 1 1. Y vl6ydyn rac Gyneb yd ymchoelaCd y bren- 
liin o Norniandi, ac Owein nab KadCgaOn J [y] gyt 
ac cf. Ac y bu varO 3 Ieffrei escob MynyG, ac yny 

01 ynteu y death gOr o Norniandi yr h6nn aelwit 
Bemart yr hGnD a dyrchaf&yt yn escob yni MynyG y 
gan Henri vrenliin o anuod boll ysolbeigon y Bryt- 
anyeit gan eu tremygu. YgliyfrGg hynny y deutli 
Grufud uab Rys TeOdOr brenhin Deheubarth o Iwer- 
don ' [y Dyfet] yr hOnn aathoed yny vabaGl oetran 
y gyt a rei oo gereint hyt yn I word on. Ac yna y 
trigyaOd yny bu Or aeduet. Ac yny diwed gOedy 
diffygyaG o tra liir alltuded yd ymchoelaGd y dref 
y dat. A liOnnG a drigyaOd amgylch dOy vlyned 
g&eitheu y gyt a Geralt, a ystiwart Castell' Penuro y 
dad gan y chOaer j a bonno oed Nest uerch Rys uab 
TeGdOr gOreic ' [y dyOededic] Geralt Ystiwart ' [megys 
y racdyGetp&yt uchot] : gGeitheu ereill gyt ae gereint ; 
gGeitheu yg '• GGyned; gOeitbeu yn absen o le y le. 
Yny diwed y cuhudGyt forth y brenhin. A dyOedut 
bot niedol paOb or Brytanyeit gyt ac ef, drOy 4 y 
ryuygu' o vrenhiiiaGl vedyant Henri vrenliin. A phan 
gigleu Gruffud y chwedleu hynny aruaetlm awnaetL 
ar vynet at Ruti'ud uab Kynan y geissaO amdiffyn 



»' ' arglwyd h ' ° gOyd 



1 B. I s Gcffrci, IK 

3 gywiraf, B. \ v ebryuygu, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINi 11!) 

ing that he would pay him what might be just, and 
saying to him, 'This I tell thee, J am going fco 
' Normandy, and if thou wilt accompany mc J will 
' fulfil every thing I have promised (lice; and J will 
' make thee an honourable knight.' Ho accordingly 
accompanied the king over the sea ; and the king 
fulfilled every thing he had promised him. 

1112. The ensuing year the king returned from 
Normandy, and Owain, son of Oadwgan, along with 
him. Then died Jeffrey, bishop of Mencvia ; and 
after him came a man from Normandy, called Ber- 
nard, who was advanced to be bishop of Menevia 
by king Henry, against the will and in contempt of 
all the scholars of the Britons. In that interval 
Grufl'udd, son of Rhys, son of Tewdwr, king of South 
Wales, came from Ireland ] to Uyved,' who, in his 
youth, had gone with some of his kindred to Ireland, 
where he remained until he arrived at maturity ; and 
in the end, wearied with long estrangement, he re- 
turned to his patrimony. And he passed about two 
years, sometimes with Gerald, •'» steward of Pembroke 
Castle/ his brother in law, who had married his sister, 
Nest, the daughter of Rhys, son of Tewdwr, wife to 
1 the said' Gerald, the steward, 1 as before mentioned;' 
at other times with his kindred ; sometimes h in 
Gwynedd;' sometimes absent from place to place. 
At length he was accused to the king, and it was 
represented that the minds of all the Britons were 
with him, in contempt of tho royal title of king 
Henry. And when Gruffudd heard of those reports 
he determined on going to Gruffudd, son of Cynan, to 



a ' 5 lord of Pembroke, b ' ° present 



-D. 1 e B. 



120 UI1UT Y TYWYSOGION. 

del. A gOedy anuon kenadeu ef aedewia ' o 
i y aruolli' yn llaGen 2 [ia6nJ. A gOedy 
clybot o Rufud uab Rys hynny 3 ef a HoOel y 
vraGt aaethant' attaO; yr Howcl hCnnO n vuaseei 
ygkarchar EmOlf uab Roser iarll *Castell Baldwin' 
yr hdim y rodassei r 'Wilim vrenhin idaO kyfran o 
gyfoeth Rys uab TewdOr. Ac yny diOed y diagi 
yr Howcl h6nnO yn annafus gGedy ferychu y aelodeu 

■char. Ac yna ydaruollet 6 Gynt ae ereill gyt ac 
Oynt yn hegar y gan Rufud uab Kynun. Ac yg- 
hyfrGg hynny g6edy clybot or brenhin myiiet G rufud 
ab Rys at Ruffud ab Kynan anuon kenadeu a 
wnaeth at Ruflfud uab Kynan y erchi idaO dyuot 
attaO. Ac ufud vu Ruffud y vynet 7 at y brenhin.' 
Ac megya y mac moes y Ffreinc twyllaG danyon ti-Oy 
edewidyon adaG IlaOer a 8 wnaeth Henri vrenhin idaO 
o chymerei amaG °dala Grufud uab Rys ae anuon yn 
vyO attaO ef, ac ony allei y 9 dala y lad ac anuon y 
benn idaO. Ac ynteu dr&yadaG hynny aymchoelaOd y 
wlat. Ac yny lie gofyn a 10 wnaeth py' le ydoed 
Rufud uab Rys yn trigyaO. A menegi aGnaethpGyt 
y Ruffud uab Rys dyuot G rufud uab Kynan o Jys 
y brenhin ae geissad ynteu yn cwyllys. Ac yna y 
dywaGt rei GrthaG aoedynt yntrigyaO y gyt ac ef di-Oy 
ewyllys da, gochel y gedrycholder yny " Gyper py 
fiord y kerdo y '-'chwedyl. Ac ia 6ynteu yn dywedut 
hynny uaehaf vn yn dyuot ac yn dywedut. Llyraa 
varcliogyon 3-11 dyuot ar vrys. A breid yd athoed ef 
dros y drOs nachaf y marchogyon yn dyuot y gei sad. 



'' yd aruolki, /.'. 

- B, 

"aeth efa IIoGel y vraat,jB, 

'' Montgomery D. 



■ (iv.ilHani, J). 
" 6y, B. 
■' attaG, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF Til!" PRINCES. 121 

endeavour to save his life; and having sent messen- 
gers, the other promised that he would with 
pleasure receive him if he came. After Grufrudd, 
son of Rhys, heard that, he and Howel, his brother, 
went to him. This same Howel had been in the 
prison of Ernul^ son of Roger, the lord of *( 
Baldwin/ to whom king William had given a part of 
the territory of Rhys, son of Tewdwr ; and subse- 
quently this Howel had escaped, in a maimed state, 
with broken limbs, out of the prison. Thereupon, 
they and others along with them, were kindly re- 
ceived by Gruffudd, son of Cynan. And in that 
interval, when the king had heard that Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, had gone to Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 
mI; messengers to Gruffudd, son of Cynan, re- 
questing that he would come to him; and Gruffudd 
obeyed, and repaired to the king. And, as is the 
manner of the French to deceive people by promises, 
king Henry promised him much if he would under- 
take to secure Gruffudd, son of Rhys, and send him 
alive to him, and if he could not secure him, to 
kill him, and send his head to him ; and he, promis- 
ing that, returned to his country. And immediately 
he enquired where Gruffudd, son of Rhys, resided. 
And it was told Gruffudd, son of Rhys, that Gruf- 
fudd, son of Cynan, had conn: from the king's court, 
and was seeking to get him at his disposal. Then 
some who were dwelling with him, and wished him 
well, said, 'I)o thou avoid his presence, until it he 
[ known which way the report travels.' And whilst 
they were telling this, behold, there comes one. say- 
ing: 'Here are horsemen coming in haste.' And he 
had scarcely passed the door, when the horsemen 



oruc, B. I " Gyppych, B. 

duly, li. '- whedleu, B. 

•"oruc pa, B. I " dym. //. 



122 BBUT Y TYHTSoGION. 

Ac ni alladd amgen no cliyrchu Eglwys Aber Daron 
aroadcL A gOedy clybot o RufFud nab Kynan y dianc 
yr eglwys aniion gdyr aoruc y tynnu ef or egldys 
.ill.in. Ac ny adaGd 'escyb a 2 [benafyeit] beuafyeit y 
wlat liynny rac Uygru nadd yr eglOys. A gdedy y eUOg 
or eglOys ef a ffbes yr Delieu, ac a deutli y Ystrat 
Tywi A gOedy clybot '-' [y petbeu] bynny llawer aym- 
gynullaGd at tad o bop tu ; ae ynteu a due kyrch an- 
hegar :) aniben y Ffreinc ar Flemoisyeit yny daruu 
y vlOydyn lionno. 



MCXlir. Y vlGydyn rac 6yneb y kyrehaGd y Grufud 
ab Rys a dywedassam ni uchot, yny vrdydyr gyntaf 
y castell oed yn ymyl Aibertli ac y llosges. Odyna 
ydaetli liyt yn Llan yin Dyfri He yd oed gastell neb 
mi tywyssaOc aelwit Rickert 4 [vab y] POnsOn y gOr 
y rodassei Henri vrenhin ida6 y Kantref Byclian. ac 
y profes y torri ae losgi, ac nys galladd kanys yni- 
(iftlil;ul ac ef awnaetb keitweit y kastell a cbyt ac 
fiynt liaredud uab Rydercli uab Cradadc y gOr a oed 
yn kynnal ystiwerdaeth B [Kantref Byclian] y dan 
y dywededic Rickert : y rac castell eissoes a losges. 
AgOedy ymsaetlm or tdr ac ef abrathu llawer oe 
wyr a saethen, allad ereill ydymchoeladd drachefyn. 
Agdedy bynny y dannones y gedymdeitlion y wneu- 
tlnrr kyrch a chynnOrOf ar gastell aoed yn ymyl Aber 
Tawy ; a bOnnO bioed iarll aelwit Henri BemOnd. 
A gdedy llosgi y rac castell, ac amdiffyn or keitweit 
y tdr a Had rei ° oe wyr ydymchoelaOd dracbefyn. 



1 prcladyeid, C a am benn, 13. 

i B. l B. D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES, 123 

came in search of him ; and ho could do no more 
than flee to the church of Aberdaron for sanctuary. 
And when Grufludd, son of Cynan, heard of his 
escaping to the church, he sent men to force him 
out of the church ; but the bishops and the elders 
who owned that country, would not permit that, 
lest the sanctuary of the church should be violated. 
After he had been set at large from the church, he 
fled into the South, and came to the Vale of Tvwi. 
And when those things became known, many collected 
to him from every side; and he made an untoward, 
pointless attack upon the French and the Flemings 
until the close of that year. 

1113. The ensuing year, the GrufFudd, son of Rhys, 
whom we have mentioned above, made an attack, in 
the first battle, upon the castle that was near Arberth, 
and burned it. From thence he proceeded to Llan- 
ymddyvri, where there was a castle of a certain 
leader, called Rickert, 4 son of Ponson, the person to 
whom king Henry had given Cantrev Byehun ; and 
he essayed to breach and burn it, but was not able, 
for the garrison of the castle withstood him, with the 
aid of Maredudd, son of Rhydderch, son of Caradog, 
the person who held the stewardship of B Cantrev 
Bychan' under the said Rickert; the outwork of the 
castle, however, he burned. And after those on the 
tower and himself had been shooting at each other, 
and many of his men had been wounded with arrows, 
and others killed, he returned back. Afterwards he 
sent his companions to attack and to alarm a c 
that was near Abertawy ; and which belonged to an 
carl named Henry Beaumont. And after burning the 
outworks, the garrison defending the tower, and 
killing a few of his men, he retreated again. Hear- 

1 C. J " o, B. 



12 }• BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

A gOedy clybot hynny ac ymgynullaO attaO llauer o 
ynvydyon ieueinc o bob tu wcdy y dOyllaG o chOant 
anoeitheu, neu o geissaG ' [atgyGeiraO neu] atneOydu 
BrytanaCd fceyraas. Ac ny thai ewyllys ' [dyn] dim 

ny byd DuG yn bortb idaO. G6neutb.ur aorac 
8 ysclyfaetheu mate yn y gylch o gylcb. Ar Ffreinc 
yna y gymerassant gygbor agalO pennaetben y wlat 
attunt. Nyt amgen Owein 8 uab CradaGc' uab Ryderch 
y gte y rodassei Henri vrenbin LdaO rann or Kantref 
Mate 4 [yn Ystrat TyOi] ; a Maredud uab Ryderch yr 
]iOim a l [rac] dywedessam ni vry ; a Ryderch nab 
TeOdOr ae vcibon ' [nyt amgen] Maredud ac Owein. 
Mam y rei hynny gOreic Ryderch ab TewdGr oed 
Hunyd uerch Bledyn abKynvyn y pennaf or Bryt- 
anyeit wedy Grufud ab Llywelyn yrei oedynt vrodyr 
vn vam. Kanys Ygbarat verch Varedud 5 vrenbin y 
Brytanyeit oed y mam ell (leu ; ac Owein uab Kara- 
daOc uab GGenltian verch y dywededic Vledyn yrei 

1 [hynn] a llaOer o rei ereill a deuthant y gyt. A 
iiff'tyn aoruc y Freiuc udunt aoedynt oil fydlonyon y 
Henri vrenbin ; ac atteb awnaethant eu hot. A 
dywedut awnaeth y Ffreinc Grthynt od ydyOch ual 
y dywedOch dagossGch ar aOch gOeithretoed yr hynn 
yd yttyGch yn y adaO ar aGch tauaGt ; reit yO yGch 
gadO castell KaerVyrdin, yr b6n a bie y brenhin, poh 
un ohonaOch yny ossodedic amser ual hynn. CadO 
y castell o Owein uab CradaOc pytbewnos ; a Ryd- 
erch a uab TeOdOr ' pytbewnos a rail ; a Maredud uab 
Ryderch h ab TewdGr ' pytheOnos ] [trydyd]. A ' [c y] 



ay veibion ,j/ 7 vab Caradauc 



1 D. I : " Not in 1). 

- yscolucthcu, B. ' B. C. 



THE CHBONICLE OP THE PRIN< 125 

big this, many foolish young men from every part 
joined him, being deceived by the desire of spoils, ot 
seeking to l repair and' restore the British kin 
But the will 'of man' dues aot avail any tiling unless 
God assists him. He committed great depredations 
round about him. Then the French took counsel and 
summoned the chieftains of the country to them, that 
is to say, Owain, son of Caradog, sou of Rhydden-h, 
the person to whom king Henry had given a pari 
of Cantrev Mawr 'in the Vale of Tywi ;' and Maiv- 
dudd, son of Rhydderch, whom we have mentioned 
above, and Rhydderch, son of Tcwdwr, and his sons, 
'to wit/ Maredudd and Owain. The mother of tho e, 
the wife of Rhydderch, son of Tewdwr, was Hunydd, 
daughter of Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn, the chiefest of 
the Britons, after GrufFudd, son of Llywelyn, and who 
were brothers by the same mother; for Angharad, 
daughter of Meredudd, king of the Britons, was bhe 
mother of both; and Owain, son of Caradog, by 
Gwcnllian, daughter of the said Bleddyn. These, and 
many others, assembled together. The French asked 
in 'in whether they were faithful to king Henry; and 
they answered that they were. Then the French said 
to them, ' If you be as you say, show by your deeds 
' that which you promise by your tongue : you must 
' keep the castle of Caerinarthen, which belongs to 
' the king, eacli one of you in his appointed time, 
' in this manner: Owain, son of Caradog, is to keep 
' the castle for a fortnight, and Rhydderch, a sou of 
' Tewdwr/ another fortnight ; and Maredudd, son of 
( Rhydderch, h son of Tewdwr/ a ' third fortnight ; 



»' ° and his sons b ' 7 son of Caradog 



viv-.ihincs, B. | T B. C. D. 



12G BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

1 Bledri uab Kediuor y gorcliymynnGyt castell Robert 

2 LaOgan yn Aber 3 Cafby. A gOcdy ansodi y petlieu 
bynny, Gruffud *ab Rya a bry denied am anuon disgoyl- 
eit am torri y castell neu y losgi. A phan gauas amser 
adas n;i] y gallei yn 5 baud kyrchu y castell. Yna y 
damweinaud uot Owein uab CradaOc °yn kad6 ygkylch' 
v 'a tell. Ac yna y due Gruffud ab Rys kyrch nos 
am ben y castell. A phan gigleu Owein ae gedym- 
deitlioti kynnuruf y gwyr ae geOri yn dyuot, kyfot yn 
ebrOyd or ty He ydoed ef ae gedymdeifchon a wnaeth- 
ant. Ac yny lie y clywei yr aOr ef e bun a gyrch- 
aOd ymblaen y vydiu a tliebygu bot y gedymdeitbon 
yny ol, wynteu g6edy y adaO ef e hunan a 7 foass;uil, 
ac uelly y lias yna. A gOedy llosgi y rac castell a heb 
vyii''( y myOn yr tOr' yd ymchoelaOd ae yspeileu 
gantaO yr notaedigyon goedyd. Odyna }^dymgyniill- 
assant y ieueinc ynvydyon y 6lat o bop tu attaO o 
debygti goruot o lionaO ar bop peth o achaOs y dam- 
woiii lifjunO ; kanys castell a oed YggOhyr a losges ef 
o gObyl allad llawer o wyr yndaO. Ac yna ydedeOis 
OOilim o Lundein y castell rac y ofyn ae boll ani- 
ueileit ae 8 [boll anndyl] oludoed. A ghedy daruot 
bynny, " megys y dyweit Selyf dryebafel aOna yspryt 
yn erbyn fcOymp 8 [dyn]/ Yna yd aruaetbaOd 8 [ef] 
yn cliOydedic o valchder, ac o draba yr anospartbus 
bobyl ar ynvyt giOtadt kyweiraO 8 [byntoed] ynvydyon 
o Dyfet y GeredigyaO. A cbymryt 10 gGrtbdynebed yr 
gyfyaOnder. GOedy ll galO o Gediuor ab GronO, a Howel 



a/ 12 adiang y tyreu 



1 Vledi-n, C. D. 
3 Iaftgam, B. Courtemayn, T). 
3 CofOy, B. Korram, C. Cuiii- 
myn, D. Com-wyn, E. 



" uab, B. 

r ' haOs. B. 

" ar ygylcli yu cad6, B. 



Til!-: CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 127 

' and Blcdri, son of Ccdivor, is appointed to keep 
' the castle of Robert, the Crook-handed, at Aber 
' Cavwy.' After settling these tilings, Gruffudd, son 
of Rhys, bethought him of sending scouts to see how 
to break the castle or burn it. And when he found 
a good opportunity of approaching the castle easily, it 
chanced that Ovvain, son of Oaradog, was guarding 
about the castle. Then Gruffudd, son of Rhys, made 
a night attack upon the castle. And when Owain 
and his companions heard the noise and shouting of 
the men coming near, he and his companions suddenly 
arose from the house they were in, and towards the 
place where he heard the shout, advanced forward 
himself before the troop, supposing his companions to 
be close behind him ; but they, leaving him alone, 
had fled, and thus he was slain there. After burn- 
ing the outer ward, a without entering the tower,' he 
returned with his spoils to the accustomed woods. 
Thereupon the foolish youths of the country on every 
side collected to him, imagining that ho was to over- 
come every thing, because of that event; for there 
was a castle in Gower which he burned entirely, 
killing many men therein. And then William of 
London, through fear of him left his castle and all 
his cattle and fond riches. When that was over, as 
Solomon say®, ' The spirit becomes elevated against 
1 the fall of man/ so lie prepared, being swollen 
with pride and with the presumption of the unruly 
rabble, and the silly inhabitants, to arrange foolish 
8 expeditions from Dyved into Ceredigion, and to take 
the part opposed to equity, being invited by Cedivor, 



** ''-' and escaping the towers, 



7 ffoyssrmt, B. 

8 B. 

v NoL in C. 



10 gGriMynefc liynt, B. 
" y alO, B. 
w C. 



128 BKUT Y TYWTSOGXON. 

nab Idnerfcb, a Thrahayarn ab Ithcl. y rei a odynt 
yn dynessau o gyfnessafr&yd gerennyd a ' ebyfaduab 
a dunnad argl6ydiaetheu idaO. Ar rei liynny aoedynj 
"|v| gyt ac ef ymblaen Lollwyr Keredigyafe ; ac 
nyt oed dim aallei uot yndireitach nor ft Kediuor 
hOnnO yr 61at agkyflxedin kyn noc yt adad Dyfet yn 
UaGn o amryuaelon genedloed nyt amgen ' Flemissycit 
a Ffreinc a Saeson ac guvtaOt genedyl elmn, y rei 
kyt beynt vn genedyl ag6yr Keredigyato eissoes gel- 
y 113-01 1 gallonneu oed gantunt o achaGs a eu lianes- 
mOytbdra ac hanundeb kyn no bynny. Ac yn vby 
no liynny rac ofyn y tremyc awnathoedynt y Henri 
vrcnliin y gGr a dofhaassei holl ' l bennaduryeit yny* 
Prydein oe aJlu ae vedyant, ao adarestygassei lawer 
oed fcramor Ortb y lywodraefch, rei o north 2 [ac] 
arueu ereill aneiryf rodyon 3 [0] eur ac aryant ; y 
gGr nys dichaOn neb ymoacryn ac ef eithyr DuO e 
him y neb a rodes y ~ [ryG] medyant ida6. A gfiedy 
dynot Grufad uab Rys yn gyntaf ,J y deuth y Is Coet/ 
Ac yna y kyrchadd y lie a elwir blaen Forth 6 Hod- 
nant, yr hwn a adeilassei neb un - [teiiyssaOc] Flem- 
issOr °[ae!6it Gilbert vab Rickert]. Ac yno y deuth 
y Flemisseit 7 y drigyaG. A gdedy ymlad dydgGeith ar 
n y* y dyd 3 allad Under o wyr y drcf, a Had vn oe 
wyr ynteu, a llosgi y ran vGyaf or dref, heb gael dim 
amgen no liynny ydymehoelaGd draehefyn. Odyna 
y ruthraOd gGyr y wlat afctad diefiic annogedigaetb 



»' 8 kyglior liOniiO yr (flat ac y gy fi'redin Kymry 
Nyt amgen noe ada& y Dyuet amranaelon genedloed 
'''"kvrchu Keredigion ys goit a oruc. 



'" chyfednabot, B. I * peoaethen, B. 

- b. '' Gwj-dai, D. 

3 v, B. I 



TlIE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 1 29 

son of Goronwy, and Howel, .son of Idnerlh. :unl 
Trahaiara, son of Ithel, who wore near in proximity 
of kindred and acquaintance, and who agreed that 
lie should have dominion. And those were with 
him before all the men of Ceredigion; and none could 
he more mischievous than "■ that Cedivor, to the 
country in general, before he left Dyved. as lie did, 
full of various nations, sucli as' Flemings, and French, 
and Saxons, and his own native tribe ; who, though 
they "were one nation with the men of Ceredigion, 
nevertheless, had hostile hearts, on account of their 
disquietude and discord formerly ; and more than that, 
being in fear of offending king Henry, the man who 
had subdued all the sovereigns of the isle of Britain 
by his power and authority, and who had subjugated 
many countries beyond sea under his rule, some by 
force and arms, others by innumerable gifts of gold 
and silver; the man with whom no one could strive 
but God alone, from Whom he obtained the power. 
After the arrival of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, he first 
lj proceeded to Iscoed/ and there he attacked a place 
called Blaen Porth Hodnant, which had been built by 
a certain Fleming ~ prince, "named Gilbert, son of 
Rickert/ and where the Flemings were dwelling. And 
after fighting through the whole of a certain day, 
many of the men of the town being killed, and one of 
his own men being killed also, and the greatest part 
of the town burned, without effecting any thing more, 
he returned back. After this the men of the country, 



a ' 8 that counsel to the country and public of Wales, 
namely, to leave Dyved for the various nations, 
h ' ° proceeded to Ceredigion Iscoed ; 



"B.C. 



*B. 

» J). 



130 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

yn gyfun megys yn deissyfyt. Ar Saesson a dugassei 
Gilbert kyn no hynny y gyflenwi y wlat yr honn 
kyn no hynuy o anamylder pobloed aoed wac a valch, 
adiffeithassant ac aladassant, ac 'a yspeilassant, ac alos- 
gassant y tei. Ae hynt ae kynhOryf a dugant hyt 
Ymhenwedic. A chylchynu a orugant gastell 2 Razon 
Ystiwart a [y Gilbert] a oed ossodedic yn y lie 4 aehvir 
ystrad 5 Peithill, ac ymlad ac ef aorugant ae orchfygu. 
A gwedy Had llaOer yndaO y losgi awnaethant. A 
phan deuth y nos pebyllyaO a " wnaeth yn y lie a 
elwir 7 [y] Glasgruc, megys ar villtir y Grth eglOys 
Badarn. 6 AnafrOyd a Onaethant ynyr eglOys, dOyn 
yr yscrubyl yn vOyt udunt or ^eglOys. "Ar bore 
drannoeth' ymaruaethu awnaethant ar castell aoed yn 
Aber YsfcOyth gan debygu y oruot. Ac yna ydan- 
uones 2 Kazon ystiwart g6r aoed gastellOr ar y castell 
liOnnO. Ac alosgyssit y gastell ynteu kyn no hynny, 
ac y c lladyssit y wyi* yn gyfl'roedic o dolur am y wyr 
ac am y gollet ac yn ergiynedic rac ofyn kenhadeu 
hyt nos y gastell Ystrat Meuruc yr hOnn awnathoed 
Gilbert y arghiyd kyn no hynny y erchi yr castellwyr 
oed yno dyuot ar ffysc yn borth idaO. A gOercheit- 
Oeit y kastell a anuonassant attaO kymeint ac a 10 all- 
yssant y gaffel ; ac 7 [o] hyt nos y deuthant attaO. 
Trannoeth y kynodes Gruffud nab Rys a Eydcrch uab 
TeOdOr y ewythyr a Maredud ac Owein y veibon 
yu ansynfiyrus oc eu pebyll heb gyOeiiaO eu bydin, 



a ' 1! hayach ogObyl b 12 nawd. 

« n dalassit 



' ae, B. 
* Rawlf, C. 
3 B.C. 



a elGit, B. 
Pychyll, C. 
Onaethant, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 131 

instigated by the devil, flocked to him suddenly, and 
as it were of one accord. And the Saxons, who had 
Formerly been brought by Gilbert to fill the country, 
which previously, from paucity of inhabitants, was 
a proudly empty, they ravaged and killed, and the 
houses they pillaged and burned. And they extended 
their course and tumult as far as Penwedig, and 
surrounded the castle of • Razon, the steward ' *>f Gil- 
bert/ situated in the place railed Ystrad B I'eitliyll. and 
they fought against it and overpowered it; and after 
killing many therein, they burned it. When night 
came, they encamped at the place called Glasygrug, 
about a mile from the church of St. Padarn ; and 
committed indecencies in the church, and took the 
cattle for food for themselves out of the b church/ 
The following morning they formed a design against a 
castle that was at Aberystwyth, imagining that they 
could subdue it ; and thereupon lla/.uu the steward, 
who was castellaine of that castle, and whose own 
castle had been burned, and his men l: killed, moved 
with sorrow for his men and his loss, and trembling 
with fear, sent messengers by night to the castle of 
Ystrad Meurug, which had been before erected by 
Gilbert his lord, requesting the garrison there to 
come in haste to his assistance. And the defenders 
of the castle sent him as many as they could procure ; 
and they came to him by night. The following day 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys, and his uncle Rhydderch, sou 
of Tewdwr, and his sons Maredudd and Owain, in- 
discreetly sallied from their tents, without putting 



a n almost entirely !/ ,a sanctuary. 

c n captured, 



' B. 

8 AadasrOyd, B. 

v Ac arutrauoet y boreu, B. 



10 gallassaut, B. 

11 B. 
'•-' C. 

I 2 



132 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

»a heb ossot arfrydon oc eu blaen namyn bileinllu,' 
megys cyweithas o glwtaGt bobyl digygor heb lywyaGd- 
yv arnunt y kymerassant eu hynt partli a chastell 
Aber YstOyth, yn y He yd oed J Razon ystiwart ae 
gymhortheit gyt ac ef, lieb Gybot o nadunt hdy hynny 
yny deuthant hyt yn Ystrat Antarron aoed gyfarGyneb 
ar castell. Ar ca.stell a oed ossodedic ar benn mynyd 
aoed yn llithraG hyt yn avon YstGyth, ac ar yr avon 
ydoed pont. Ae ual yd oedynt yn seuyll yno megys 
yn gOneuthur magneleu, ac yn medylyaO pa ffuryf y 
torrynt y castell y dyd 2 [a] lithraOd haeach yny oed 
pryt nafm. Ac yna }-danuones y castellwyr megys 
y mae moes gan y Ffreinc gOneuthur pob peth drGy 
l > ystryO ; c gyrru saethydyon' hyt y bont y vickre ac 
6ynt megys o delynt h(>y yn an.synhOyraOl 3 dros y 
bont y gallei uarchogyon HurugaOc eu kyrchu yn 
dei.ssyfyt ae haclmb. A phan welas y Brytanyeit y 
saethydyon mor leO yn kyrchu yr bont yn ansynhOyrus 
y redassant yn y erbyn gan ryuedu paham mor 
nindiredus y beidynt kyrchu y bont. Ac ual ydoed 
yueill rei yn kyrchu ar rei ereill yn saethu, yna y 
IcyrchaOd marchaOc llurugaGc yn gynhyruus y bont. 
A rei o wyr GrufFud ae kyferbj-nyaOd ar y bont. Ac 
yntcu ah *aruaethu eu kyrchu r ' Oynteu. Ac yna ei.s- 
soes y torres y march y vynGgyl. A gOedy brathu y 
march y dygOydaGcL Ac yna yd aruaethod paOb a 
gdeOyr y lad ynteu, ae luryc ae hamdirFynnaOd yny 
doeth neb un or vydin ae "thynnu. A phan gyfodes 
ynteu y ftbes. A phan welas y gedymdeithon ef yn 



a ' 7 eithyr dodi yr ystondardeu or blaen 

'■ 7 astudrwyd achallder c ' 8 saethu 



1 Hawlf, C. Iiys, J). 3 drfiy, B. 

s B. | ' aruactlias gynhyruus yn, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 133 

their troops in array; :l ami without Betting up en- 
signs, a villain host/ like a company of prople with- 
ont counsel, and without a commamliT, they took 
their course towards the castle of Aberystwyth, "where 
1 ftazon the steward was with his supporters, they 
not knowing it, until they came to Ystrad Antarroii, 
which was opposite the castle. The castle was situated 
upon the top of a hill that shelved down to the river 
Ystwyth, and over the river was a bridge. Ami as 
they were standing there, making engines, ami devising 
by what means they might make a breach in the 
castle, the day glided away until it was afternoon. 
Then the garrison, as is the manner of the French 
to do every thing by ]> stratagem, c sent some archers' 
along the bridge to skirmish with them, that, in case 
they came imprudently over the bridge, the mailed 
cavalry might attack them suddenly and cut them 
oft". And when the Britons saw the archers approach- 
ing the bridge so boldly, they indiscreetly ran to 
meet them, wondering that they should so confidently 
dare to come to the bridge. And as the one party 
was pressing on, and the other shooting, a mailed 
knight rushed violently to the bridge; and some of 
Grufiu fid's men came to oppose him on the bridge. 
He essaying to attack them, his horse broke his neck, 
and the horse being wounded fell down ; and then 
every body with spears endeavoured to kill him, but 
his coat of mail protected him, until some of his 
party came and dragged him away. And when lie 
got up, he fled; and when his companions saw him 



a ' 7 but placing the standards in front, 
b7 study and prudence c ' 8 shot 



'' li6ynt, B. I * C. 

dynhu, B. I " B. 



134 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ffo y ffoassant Gynteu JiolJ. Ar Brytanyeit ae hym- 
lidyaOd ' [hayach] hyt yggOrthallt y mynyd. a Y doryf 
ol eissoea nya ymlidyaGd, namyn lieb geissaO na phont 
na ryt kyrnryt eu ffo aGnaethant.' A pban welaa y 
Ffreine o benn y mynyd y ~ rei hynny' ynffo kyrchu 
y doryf vdaen aOnaethant allad kyraeint ac agaOssant 
ac yna y g6asgar6yt y gi0ta6t bobyl ar drafts y 3 wlat 
bop tu, rei ae hanifeileit gantunt rei ereill gOedy 
adaO pop peth narnyn keissaG arndiflyn eu heneideu 
yny edewit yr lioll wlat yn diffeitli. YggyfrOg liynny 
ydanuones Henri vrenhin kenadeu at Owein uab 
KadOgaOn y erehi tdaG dyuot attaG. Ac ynteu yny lie 
*y denth/ A phan doeth y dywaOt y brenhin ftrthaO. 
Vygkaredickaf Owein aatwaenost di y lleidryn gan 
Ruffudd nab Rys yssyd megys yn 1} foedic yn erbyn' 
vyn tywyssogyon i. AchaOs aclianys credaf i dyuot ti 
yn gyGiraf gOr ymi. Mi avynnaf dy uot ti yn dywys- 
saOc llu gyt am mab i y Orthlad Grufud uab Rys. A 
mi awnaf Lywarch uab Trahaeam yn gedymdeith it, 
kanys ynaOch clidi adch deu yd ymdiredaf i. A pban 
ymcboelych dracliefyn mi adalaf ' [y] bOyth it yn 
deiKig. A llaGenhau aoruc Owein or edeOidyon hynny, 
a ehynullaO llu a Llywarch gyt ac ef a my net y 
gyt hyt yn Ystrat Tywi ' [y] He y ° tebygyd uot 
Grufdd uab Rys yn trigyaO, kanys coetir ' [ynnyal] 



a '° Ac nyd ymlynawd y vydin ol eu kydymeitliyon 
namyn kadw y ryd ar bont amadunt o delei ymlid 
agatOyd arnunt wac yn borth ywy kydmeithyon. 

1/7 kyuodi yn erbyn 



1 B. " gGladoed ereill, B. 

■• g6yr ereill, B. «' aaeth, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 135 

flee, they also all fled, and the Britons pursued them 
'almost to the declivity of the mountain. *The rear 
body, however, did not pursue, hut without Beeking 
either bridge or ford, they took to flight/ When 
the French, from the top of the mountain, observed 
these fleeing, they attacked the advanced body, and 
killed as many as they could find; and the throng of 
people was scattered about the country on every side, 
some having their cattle with them, others having left 
every thing, endeavouring to save their lives ; so that 
the whole country was left a desert. In that in- 
terval, king Henry sent messengers to Owain, son of 
Cadwgan, desiring that he would come to him ; and 
he immediately came. When lie was arrived, the king 
said to him, l My most beloved Owain, art thou 
' acquainted with that thief Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 
' who •' is like a fugitive before' my commanders ? for 
' and because I believe thee to be a most loyal man to 
' me, I will that thou be commander of an arm}-, with 
' my son, to expel Gruffudd, son of Rhys ; and I will 
' make Llywarch, son of Trahaiarn, thy companion, 
' because I place confidence in you two ; and when 
' thou returnest back, 1 will properly reward thee.' 
And Owain rejoiced because of those promises. So he 
collected an army, jointly with Llywarch, and they 
proceeded together to the Vale of Tywi, where it was 
supposed that Gruffudd, son of Rhys, was staying, as 



* (i But the rear army did not follow their compa- 
nions, but kept the ford and bridge, in case pursuit 
and distress should come upon them, clear, so as to be 
a support for their companions. 

'>' 7 rises against 



tebygynt, B. ' B, 

C. I 



13G BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOJT. 

oed, ac yn anaOd y gerdet ' ac yn' haOd ruthraO gel- 
yny.'iOn yndaO. A pban -[y] 3 deuth y tervyncu yr 
wlat, lioll 4 wyr Owein a mab y brenhiii ae kymhorth- 
oft a [Oynteu] a anuonassanfc 5 eu bydinoed yr coedyd, 
paOb 2 [y»y dut y] dan yr amot hGnn hyt nat arbedei 
neb y gledyf nac y Or nac y wreic nac y vab nac y 
verch ; a pbOy bynnag a delynt nas gochelynt heb y 
lad ncu y grogi neu diychu y aelodeu. A phan gigleu 
giOta&fc bobyl y wlat hynny keissaO awnaethant ~ [pa] 
ffuryf y 2 gellynt gaffel' am d iffy n ; ac uelly y gGas- 
garOyt Oynt. Rei yn llechu yny coedyd, ereill yn ffo 
y wladoed ereill, ereill yn keissaO amdiffyn or kestyll 
T y dathoedynt o 7 honunt; megys y dywedir y 
rnyOn BrytanaOl diaereb, Y ki a lylia 8 yr aryf' y 
bratber ac ef. A gOedy gOasgaru yllu y dan y coedyd, 
cf adamweinaOd y Owein ac ychydic o nifer 2 [y] 
gyt ac ef kyrchu y coet o amgylcli degwyr aplietwar 
vgeitt. Ac yn edrych a welynt oleu dynyon 2 [yn 
ffo]. Nachaf y gOelynt oleu dynyon ° [ac ysgrybyl] 
yn kyrchu Ul parth achastell Kaer Vyrdin lie daroed 
udunt gOneuthur eu hedOcli. Ac eu hymlit aGnaeth 
hyt yn agos yr castell. A gOedy eu n dala yno ym- 
choelut ~ [hyt] at y gedymdeithon a oruc. YgkyfrGg 
hynny y damweinaGd dyuot llu or Fflemisseit o Ros 
y Gaer Vyrdin yn erbyn mab y brenhin, a Geralt 
'-'ystiwert gyt ac Oynt. Nachaf y rei a 13 dinghy ssei 
yn dyuot dan lief tu ar castell, ac yn menegi y '-' [ry] 
hyspcila o Owein uab KadGgaGn ae hanreithaO. A 
phan gigleu y Fflemisseit hynny ennynnu awnaethant 



"a, B. 
- B. 

3 di'iitliant, B. 
* lu, B. 



*y,B. 

" gallynt cael eu, B. 
7 lionaG, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF TIIE PRINCES. 1 o7 

it was a ' wild woodland, and difficult to be traversed, 
and in which it was easy to rush upon enemies. 
When they had come to the borders of the country, 
all the men of Owain, and the king's son, with their 
abettors, sent their troops into the woods, every one 
2 to his own spot/ under this agreement, that no one 
was to spare his sword, either as to man, or woman, 
or boy, or girl; and that whomsoever they should 
lay hold of, they were not to refrain from slaying, 
or hanging, or cutting off his limbs. And when 
the common people of the country heard that, they 
sought in what manner they could obtain safety ; and 
so they became scattered, some lurking in the woods, 
others fleeing to other countries; others seeking pro- 
tection from the nearest castles, out of which they 
had come, as it is said in a British proverb, 'The dog 
' will lick the weapon with which he is wounded.' 
After the army had been dispersed amid the woods, 
it happened that Owain, and with him a small 
number, about ninety men, entered the woods, and 
looking if they could see tracks of people 2 in flight/ 
lo ! they discovered tracks of men ° and cattle ' in 
the direction of the castle of Caermarthen, where they 
had made their peace. And he pursued them to the 
vicinity of the castle; and having taken them there, 
he returned to his companions. In the mean while 
it happened that an army of Flemings was coming 
from B-hos to Caermarthen, to meet the son of the 
king, and Gerald the steward with them ; when 
those who had fled were seen coming with a cry to 
the castle, and relating their having been pillaged 
and robbed by Owain, son of Cadwgan. When the 
Flemings heard that, they were kindled with hateful 



" y gOaeyG, B. C. 
3 D. 
10 tu, B. 



" daly, B. 

'- wasnaythwr, D. 

IJ diagassci, B. 



138 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

o gassaOl gyghoruynt yn erbyn Owein o acha6s y 
mynych godyant awnathoed kedymdeithon Owein 
udunt kyn no hynny. Ac o annogedigaeth Geralt 
Ystiwert y gur y Uosgassei Owein y gastell ac adug- 
assei y dreifl Nest y wreic ' [ae hysbeil] ae anreith. 
V yiulit aorugant 2 heb debygu bot gGrthOynebed idaO. 
Owein' a gymerth y bynt yn araf. Ac Gynteu gan 
y ymUt ef adoetbant yn ebr&yd liyt y lie yd oed 
ef ar anreitb gantaO. A pban welas kedymdeithon 
Owein diruaOr luossogr6yd yn y hymlit, dyOedut a 
Gnaethant GrthaG, llyma luossogrGyd yn ymlit beb alln 
neb ym wrtblad ac Gynt. ' [Ac] atteb udunt a 
Onaeth nac ofynheOch beb ' [ef] acbaOs, bydinoed y 
Elemisseit ynt. A gOedy dywedut bynny o neb vn 
gynnOi-yf eu kyrchu a wnaetb. A diodef y kynnGryf 
awnaetbant yn OraOl ; gOedy bOrO saetheu o bop tu 
y dygdydaOd Owein yn vratbedic. A gOedy y dygGyd- 
aO ef n yd ymcboelaOd y gedymdeitbon ar ffo/ A 
phan gigleu Lywarcb ab Trahaearn bynny ymcboelut 
ef ae wyr dracbefyn awnaetb y wlat. A gOedy y 
lad ef y 3 kynbalaOd y vrodyr y rann ef o Powys 
eitbyi- yr hynn a dugassei Owein kyn no bynny gan 
Maredud uab Bledyn, nyt amgen 4 KereinaOc yr liOnn 
oed eidaO MadaOc uab Ridit kyn no bynny. Ac 
enweu y vrodyr yw y rei hynn J [nyt amgen], Ma- 
daOe ab CadOgaGn o Wenllian uercli Ruffud ab Kynan ; 
ac Einadn uab KadOgaOn o Sanan uerch s Dyfynwal ; 
ar trydyd oed c ^i , gan uab KadOgaOn o 7 EllyO uerch 
Kediuor uab Gollwyn b y gOr a vu bennaf arglOyd 



:l ' 8 ycliydic adiengya or a oed gyt ac ci'. 
& a tywyssavc Dyvet. 



1 B. 

- ac YOein lieb dybygu bot 
gdrthenebed idaO, B. 



3 kynhelis, B. 
1 KereinaOn, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 130 

grudge against Owain, on account of the frequent 
vexations formerly caused to them by the friends of 
Owain ; and incited by Gerald the .steward, the man 
whose castle had been burned by Owain, and whose 
wife Nest had been violently carried away, ' with 
spoils' and booty, they went in pursuit. Not. expecting 
any opposition, Owain took his course slowly ; and 
they, in pursuing him, came speedily to fche Bpot 
where he was with his booty. When the companions 
of Owain saw an immense multitude pursuing (linn, 
they said to him, 'Behold a multitude pursuing us, 
' without our being able to oppose them/ ' And he 
replied to them, ' Fear not,' said he, ' for they are 
' the troops of the Flemings/ And after lie had said 
that, being in no way disturbed, he attacked themj 
and they bore the assault bravely. After discharging 
arrows on both sides. Owain fell wounded, and when 
he had fallen, a his companions fled away.' When 
Llywarch, son of Trahaiarn, heard that, lie returned 
with his men to his own country. After his death his 
brothers held his share of Powys, except what Owain 
had formerly taken from Maredudd, son of Bleddyn ; to 
wit, Caereinion, which before then was the property 
of Madog, son of Ehirid. And these are the names 
of his brothers, to wit, Madog, son of Cadwgan, by 
Gwenllian, daughter of Grufludd, son of Cynan ; and 
Einon, son of Cadwgan, by Sanan, daughter of fl Dyvn- 
wal; and the third was "Gwrgant, son of Cadwgan, 
by Ellyw, daughter of Cedivor, son of Collwyn, Hhe 
man who was supreme lord over the country of 



,a/ 8 a few that were with him made their escape. 
b' 8 prince of Dyved. 



' Dyfhaval, D. I ' EUo, D. 

■ Morgant, B. CD, I " I). 



1 M) BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ar wlat Dyfet.' Petweryd uu Henri uab KadOgaOn 
or Ffrangea J [yOreic] uerch 2 Pictot tywyssaOc or 
Ffreinc, ac o honno y bu uab arall idaO a elwifc 
GrufFud. Y whecliet vu Maredyd o Euron uerch 
HoedlyO ab KadOgaOn ab Elstan. A gOedy Iiynny yd 
yuiaruolles EinaOn uab KadOgaOn uab Bledyn, a Giiif- 
fud uab Maredud ab Bledyn y gyt y dOyn kyrch 
ambenn kastell Uclitrut uab Efcwin a oed gefynderO 
y Vledyn vrenliin. Kanys Iweryd mam Owein ae 
Uclitrut ueibon Etwin 3 [vrenin Tegingl], a Bledyn 
uab Kynfyn oedynt vraOt a chwaer un dat ac nyt 
vn vam. Kanys Agharat verch Varedud uab Owein 
oed vam Vledyn, a Chynvyn ab Gwerstan oed 4 y tat 
ell deu. Ar castell rydywedassam ni a oed yny lie 
aelwit Kymer ym MeironycL Kanys KadOgaOn uab 
Bledyn a rodaesei Veironnyd a ChefeilaOc y Uclitrut 
uab Etwin dan amot y uot yn gywir idaO ac y 
veibon ac yn ganhortliOy ynerbyn y Loll elynyon. 
Ac ynteu oed OrthOynebOr ac ymladgar ynerbyn 
KadOgaOn ae veibon. A gOedy colli Owein heb debygu 
gall u dim o veibon KadOgaOn awnaeth ef y dywed- 
edic castell. Ac Oynteu adywedassam ni viy drOy sorr 
a gyrchassant y castell, ac ae llosgassant. A gOedy 
fo rci or g&ercheitweit adyuot ereill attunt h Oynteu y 
liedOch, ' [ac] achub aOnaetbant Ueironnyd a CliefeilaCc 
a Plienllyn ae rannu y rygtunt. Ac y Rufud uab 
Maredud y dentin. KefeilaOc, a 8 [MaOdOy] a banner 
Penllyn. J [Meiryonnyd] ° ar ranner arall y Penllyn' 
y veibon KadOgaOn uab Bledyn. YgkyfrOg Iiynny y 
fceruynaOd y vl(ydyn yn vlin ac yn atcas y gan 
baOp. 



1 B. I 3 E. 

■ l'icot dc Sui, D. \ ' en, 13. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PIUX< i '. 141 

Dyvcd ; ' the fourth was Henry, bod of Cadwgan, by 
tlie French woman, ' liis wife/ daughter of "Pictot, a 
French prince, and by her he had another son named 
Gruffudd; the sixth was Maredudd, by Euron, 
daughter of Hoedlyw, son of Cadwgan, the son ^A' 
Elstan. After that, Einon, son of Cadwgan, son of 
Bleddyn, and Grufrndd, son of Maredudd, son of 
Bleddyn, joined together to make an attack upon the 
castle of Uohtryd, son of Edwin, who was cousin (<• 
king Bleddyn, for Iweryd, the mother of Owain ami 
Uchtryd, the sons of Edwin, "'king of Tegeingl,' and 
Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn, were sister and brother, by 
the same father, but not by the same mother ; as 
Angharad, daughter of Maredudd, son of Owain. was 
the mother of Bleddyn ; and Cynvyn, son of Gwerys- 
tan, was the father of both. And the castle, of which 
we have spoken, was at Cymmer in Meirionydd ; for 
Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, had given Meirionydd and 
Cyveiliog to Uchtryd, son of Edwin, under an agree- 
ment that he should be faithful to him and to his 
sons, and come to his assistance against all his 
enemies ; but he was an adversary and hostile to 
Cadwgan and his sons. It was when he lost Owain, 
not supposing that the sons of Cadwgan could ac- 
complish any thing, that he made the said castle ; 
and the others, mentioned by us above, in a pique, 
attacked the castle and burned it. And after some 
of the garrison had fled, and some had come to them 
in peace, they obtained Meirionydd, Cyveiliog, and 
Penllyn, and divided them among the?)] ; Cyveiliog 
came to Gruffudd, son of Maredudd, with fl Mawddwy 
and half of Penllyn ; Meirionydd, and the other half 
of Penllyn, to the sons of Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn. 
In the mean while the year terminated vexatiously 
and untowardly to every body. 



5 13. C. E. Machdwy, I). Ma- I v Not in I). 
(lade, A, 



142 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

mcxiv. Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb y bu uarG Gilbert uab 
Rickert ' [ohir nychdaGt a chleuyt]. A Henri vren- 
liin a drigyaGd yn Normandi o achaGs bot ryfel y 
rygtaO a brenhin Ffreinc. Ac velly y tervynaOd y 
vlOydyn honno. 

MCXV. Y vlOydyn rac Gyneb y magOyt amiundeb 
y r6g Howel uab Ithel aoed arglGyd ar Ros a Ry- 
wynaGc a meibon Owein uab Edwin, ~ [nyt amgen], 
!l GronO a Ridit a Llywarch y vrodyr y rei ereill.' A 
Howel 3 [ap Itliel] aanuones kenadeu at Varedud uab 
Bledyn ameibon KadGgaGn uab Bledyn ~ [nyt amgen] 
MadaGc ac EinaOn y eruynneit udunt s [y] dyuot yn 
Ix.rili idaO. Kanys oe hamdiftyn Oynteu ae kanhal- 
edigjieth yd oed ef yn kynhal ~ [yn] y gyfran or wlat 
*adathoed yn ran idaO. Ac Oynteu pan glyGssant y 
Orfcbrymu ef h o veibon Owein ' a gynullassant B eu 
gOyr ae kedymdeitlion y gyt, kymeint ac a gaOssant 
yn baraOt ual yn amgylch pedwar can 6r. Ac c yd 
aefchant' yn y ei-byn 2 [ef] y Dyflfryn ClOyd yr liOnn 
a oed wlat c udunt hOy.' Ac Oynteu a gynnullassant 
y gOyr gyt ac d Vchtrut eu hewythyr/ a dOyn y gyt 
ac Oynt y Ffreinc o Gaer Llion yn borth udunt 
- [aorugant]. Ac Oynteu agyfiiruuant a Howel a 
Maredud a nieibon KadOgaOn ae kymhortheit : a 
gOedy decbreu brOydyr ymlad o bop tu aOnaetbant 



ft/ 7 Ririt a Llywarch ac ev brodyr. 8 y lleill 

int'ibyon Ywein ap Edwin ap Gronw. 

ly ° Gan Owein ap Edwin 

c ' 10 meibion Oweyn ap Edwyn 

d ' 10 meibion Vchtryt ev kefynderw 



B.C. 

B. 

V. 



' ae doetb, B. 
v ydoethant, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 143 

1114. The ensuing year, Gilbert, son of Rickert, 

died ' of a long languishment and illness.' And king 
Henry remained in Normandy, because a war existed 
between him and the king of France. And thus 
ended that year. 

1115. The ensuing year a dissension arose between 
Howel, son of Ithel, who was Lord of Rhoa and Kliv 
voniog, and the sons of Owain. son of Edwin, "namely/ 
a Goronwy, Rhirid, and Llywarch, and the other bro- 
thers/ And Howel sent messengers to Marediidd, 
son of Bleddyn, and to the sons of Cadwgan, son 
of Bleddyn, 2 namely/ Madog and Einon, requesting 
them to come to his assistance, because by their pro- 
tection and support lie held that portion of the 
country, which had come to his share. They, when 
they heard that he was oppressed lj by the sons of 
Owain,' collected their men and their friends together, 
as many as they found prepared, about four hundred 
men; and went against him to the vale of Clwyd, 
which was a district belonging c to them.' Ami the 
others assembled their men along with '• their uncle 
Uchtryd/ bringing with them the French from Caer- 
Ieon to aid them ; and they met Howel and Marediidd, 
and the sons of Cadwgan, with their auxiliaries. When 
the battle had commenced, they fought bitterly on 



a/ 7 Rhirid and Llywarch and their brothers. 8 the 
others, the sons of Owain, son of Edwin, son of 
Goronwy. 

b/ 8 by Owain, son of Edwin, 

c ' 10 to the son of Owain, son of Edwin. 

d ' 10 the sons of Uchtrud their cousin, 



C. D. E. ■ E. 

C. ,n 1). 



144 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

yn chCerG. Ac yny diwed y kymerth meibon Owein 
ae kedymdeithon ' [eu ffo], Gedy Had Llywarch uab 
Owein a Iorwoerth uab Nud gOr deOr enwaOc oed, 
a gOedy Had llawer a bratlm lliaOs yd ymchoelassanl 
yn orwac draebefyn. A gOedy brathu Howel 2 [ap 
Ithel] yny vrOydyr y ducpdyt adref. Ac yrnpenn y 
3 deugeinuet diwarnaGt y bu uarO. Ac yna ydymchoel- 
a&d Maredud a meibon KadOgadn adref, heb lyuassu 
goresgyn y wlat rac y Ffreinc kyt 4 keffynt y vudug- 
olyaeth. 

MCXVL Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO 5 MGrcher- 
darch, y brenhin pennaf o Iwerdon yn gyfla6n o 

luossogrOyd a bndugolyaetheu. 

mcxvii. Y vlOydyn arall gOedy hynny yd aruaeth- 
aOd Henri vrenhin ymchoelufc y Loeger wedy hed- 
ychu y i-ygtaO abrenhin Freinc, a gorchymyn a onic 
yr 7 mordOywyr ky weiraO llogeu idaO. A gOedy 
parattoi y llogeu anuon a wnaetb y deu uab yn un 
or llogeu, un o honunt aany.ssit or vrenliines y wreic 
priadt. Ac o hOnnO ydoed y fcadaOl obeith oe vot 

1 [yn urenhin] yn gOledychu yn ol y dat. A mab 
arall o ordercli idaO, ae vn uerch a llawer o wyr 
maOr gyt ac 8 6ynteu. Ac o wraged arbennic amgylch 
deucant, y rei a '-'debygynt eu' bot yn deilygaf o 
garyat plant y brenhin. Ac ef a rodeut udunt y 
Hog oreu adiogelaf aodefei y mor donneu ar nior- 
olyon dymhestloed. A gdedy eu nrynet yr Hog decli- 
reu noa dinia&r gyffroi aorue y mor donneu drOy eu 
kyniell o dymhestlaOl uordOy a drycdrum ; 10 ac yna 
y kyfaruu y Hog a chreigaOl garrec aoed yn clirgel 



1 B. 
■ D. 

5 dcugeint, B. 



4 caffont, B. 

5 Murchfrdacli, C. D. 
oludoed, B. 



THE CHRONICLE Of THE PftlKCl S. I L."> 

both sides ; and in (ho end, the sons of Owain and 
their friends tools to flight, after the slaughter of 
Llywarch, son of Owain, and Eorwerth, son of 
Nudd, a brave and renowned man ; and after killing 
many, and wounding numbers, they returned back 
empty. Bowel, -son of Ithel/ having been wounded 
in the battle, was carried home, and at the end of 
the fortieth day ho (lied. And thereupon Maredudd. 
and the sons of Cadwgau, returned home without 
daring to subdue the country, because of the French, 
though they had obtained the victory. 

1116. Tin- ensuing year died Murcherdach, the 
supreme king of Ireland, abounding in prosperity and 
victories. 

1117. The next year after that, king Henry re- 
solved upon returning to England, after peace had 
been made between him and the king of France; and 
he commanded the seamen to prepare ships for him. 
And alter the ships had been made ready, he sent 
his two sons in one of the ships; — one of them born 
of the queen, his married wile, of whom he enter- 
tained the paternal hope that he would reign ' as 
king' after his lather; the other son was by his 
concubine ; also one daughter, and many great men 
along with them, and about two hundred principal 
women, who were deemed most worthy of the af- 
fection of the king's children. The best ship was 
assigned to them, and one which would most safely 
bear the sea-waves, and the maritime storms. AII<t 
they had gone on board the ship at the beginning 
of night, the sea breakers were dreadfully agitated, 
being driven by the tempestuous current and broken 
Surge, "'and in consequence the ship met with a. 



: araheraGdyr, B 
- Oynt, B. ' 



'■" fcybygit y, />'. 

"" Not in l>. 



K 



]4G BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

dan y touneu heb Gybot yr llogwyr, ac y torres y 
liog genfci yn drylleu,' ac y bodes y meibon ar nifer 
aoed y gyt ac frynt hyt na diegia neb o nadunt. Ar 
brenhin aeskynassei y myOn Hog arall yn y liol. A 
chyt gyffroi o diruaGryon dymhestleu y mordonnexi, 
eissoes ' ef a diegaOd' yr fcir. A phan gigleu iyfodi 
y vcibon drOc ydaeth arnaO. Ac ygkyfrOg hynny y 
' I'l-iiynOys y vlOydyn lionuo. 



mcxviit. Y vlOydyn i-ac Oyneb y priodea Henri 
vrenhin merch neb un 8 dywyssaOc or Almaen kanys 
kyn no liynny ft g6edy marO merch y Moel COlGm y 
w eic *a aruerassci yn wastat <> s orderchn.' A phan 
doeth yr haf rac Gyneb y kyffrocs Henri diruaGr 
greulaOn lu yn erbyn gOyr Powys, nyt amgen Maredud 
nab Jilcdyn ac Eina6n ^a MadaOc a Morgan meibon 
Ka<|iigafin nab Bledyn. A plum ylywssant Gynten 
liynny, anuon kenadeu aomgant at Iluffud nab 
Kynan c aoed yn kynal yny.s' Von, y cruynneit idaO 
vot yn gyt aruoll ac Gynt yn erbyn y brenliin nnl y 
gellynt warchadG yn diofyn ynyalGch y gOlat. Ac 
ynt.'U drGy gynlial hedGch ar brenliin, adywaOt 6 y 
Toy nt hGy y deruyneu y gyfoeth ef, y parei y hys- 
pcilaG ae lianreithaG an y gartliuynebai. A phan Gybu 
[Jaredud a meibon KadGgaGn liynny. kymryt kygor 



• v ' y buassei merch Moelcnlum yn ordercb ydaw 
ac y bnassei varw. 

1,8 ap c? arglwid 



'' efe a dieHghis, B, i » due, D. 

'teruynaOd, /'. ' v ,i. B. 



THE CTTRONKXE OF THE PBTNCES. 147 

rocky stone, that was concealed under the waves, un- 
known to the sailors, whereby the ship was broken 

in pieces ;' ami the children, with (lie retinue thai. 
accompanied them, were drowned, so that, not one 
ied. The king bad embarked in another Bhip in 
its rear; and though the sea-breakers were agitated 
by dreadful tempests, nevertheless he escaped to land ; 
and when he understood that his sons were drowned, 
lie was grieved. And in the mean while that year 
terminated. 

1118. The ensuing year, king Henry married the 
daughter of a certain prince of Germany, as before 
then, a after the death of his wife, the daughter of 
Malcolm, lie had constantly accustomed himself to 
concubinage/ When I he ensuing summer came, king 
Senry raised an immense and cruel army against, 
Hie men of Powys, namely, Maredudd, sun of 
Bleddyn, and Einon, ''and Madog, and Morgan. 
of Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn. And when they heard 
that, they sent messengers to Oruffudd, son of Cynan, 
c who held the isle' of lYlona, requesting that he 
would become confederate with them against the 
king, that they might lie enabled, without fear, to 
guard the fastnesses of the country. Then he, to 
maintain peace with the king, said that, if they came 
to the borders of his dominion, he would cause them 
to be despoiled and plundered, and would oppose 
I hem. And when Maredudd, and the sons of Cad- 
wgan, were ma.de acquainted with that, they took 



a ' ' the daughter of Malcolm had been liis concubine, 
and had died. 

! ' l; son of c; ' ' lord 



1 orderchadcu, />'. ' ''• 

B o,2?. 1 ' a 

K 1 



148 BRUT Y TYWYSOOION. 

awnaetbant. Ac yn y kygor y kateaant ' [gGarch] 

adaO teruyneu y g6lat ehuncin, a chymryt eu ham. 
diflyn yndunt. Ar brenhin ae luoed adyneaaayaaant 
y deruyneu Powys. Ac yna ydanuones Marc-dud nab 
Bledyn ycliydic o saethydyon 2 [o weisson] ieueinc 
y gyuerbynyeit y brenhin myGn gOrthallt goedadc 
ynyal fford ydoed yn dyuot, val y gellynt a saetheu 
ac ergydyeu wneuthur kynn&ryf ar y llu. Ac 
ef adamweinaGd ynyr aOr ydaethoed y gftyr ieueinc 
hynny yr Grthallt '[ynyal] dyuot yno y brenhin ae lu. 
At gGyr ieueinc liynny a erbynnyaasant yno y bren- 
hin a(! In; 8 drOy diruaOr gynn&ryf 4 gell6g saetheu 
2 [ac ergydyon] ym plifcli y llu a wnaethant. A 
gOedy llad •' llader a brathu ereill, vn or gdyr ieueinc 
a dynnaOd y vOa ac a ellygaOd aaeth ym ]>lith y llu. 
A honno a dygOydaOd ygkedernit arueu y brenhin 
gyferbyn ae gallon, heb Oybot yr 8 .g6yr ae byryaGd 
ac nyt argyweda6d y saeth yr brenhin rac daet yr 
arueu, kanya Uuryga6c oed namyn treillaO aoruc y 
aetli ' J [a datlainu] drachefyn 8 [yar] yr arueu. Ac 
ofynhau yn uaOr a wnaeth y brenhin, a diruadr 
"aruthder a gymerth yndad yn gymeint haeach a 
phei 7 brefchit fcrwydafo Ac ercbi yr llnocd a Onaeth 
hehyllyad, agofyn 8 aoruc ]>y' rei a oerlynt mor ehofyn 
ae gyrehu ef '■' yn gyn ledet' a hynny. A dywedut 
awnaethpOyt ida6 inae rai o wyr ieueinc a anuon- 
assifc y gan Varedud nab Bledyn awnaethoed hynny. 
Ac anuon awnaeth attunt genadeu y erchi adunt 
ilyuot attad drdy gygreir. Ac dynteu a doethant. A 
gofyn a wnaeth udunt pOy ac hanuonasaei yno. A 
dywedut a Dnaethant mae Maredud ; a gofyn udunt 



a I0 rei or llu 



1 a 

• B. 

v athrCy oddnl aehynnGryf, B. 



* goll6g, B. 

5 g(.r, B. 

" arnthurdor, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 149 

counsel ; and in their counsel they resolved to guard 
the boundaries of their own country, and take up 
their defence within them. And the king with his 
hosts drew near to the boundaries of Powys. Then 
Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, sent a few archers, young 
'-'men, to intercept the king, in a wild woody ami 
steep cliff, the way he was to conn 1 , so as with 
arrows and missiles, to cause a disturbance in the 
army. And it happened, at the. time when these 
young men had come to the '-'wild cliff, (hat the king 
and his army arrived there ; and these young men 
received the king and his army there; and with very 
great tumult they discharged arrows -and missiles' 
among the army. And after killing a many, and 
wounding others, one of the young men drew his 
bow, and discharged an arrow among the army, 
which struck the armour of the king opposite his 
heart, unknown to the man who discharged it; but 
the arrow did no harm to the king, from (lie good- 
ness of his armour, for he was mailed, and the arrow 
turned 'and rebounded' back from the armour. And 
the king became greatly frightened, and was almost 
as much astounded, as if he had been shot through. 
lie then ordered the troops to encamp; and enquired 
who were those so bold, as to attack him thus gallantly. 
They informed him, they were some young men, who 
had been sent by Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, that 
did it. lie then despatched messengers to them, 
requesting them to come to him under a truce; and 
they came. He asked, who had sent them there ; 
and they replied that it was Maredudd. lie asked 



10 



some of the army, 



7 bratliassit, B. I '•" nior leG, B. 

" l'c, B. I >« B. 



150 MlUT Y TYWYS0GI0N. 

aGnaeth a wydynt ' py le yd oed Uaredud yn.'i. Ac 
atteb awnaethant y gGydynt. Ac erclii awnaeth ynteu 
y Uaredud dyuot y hedOch. Ac yna y doeth Maredud 
;i meibon KadGgaOn y hedOch y brenhin. A 
hedychu y rygtunt -yd ymchoelaGd y brenhin y 
Loeger drey adaG deg mil o warthec yn drefch ar 
Powys. Ac uelly y tervynaOd y vlOydyn lionno. 

Mcxx. Ugein mlyned a chant a mil oet ocd Crist 
pan ladaOd Gruffud ab Rys ab TeOdGr Ruii'ud aab 

3 Trahaearn. 

mi xxr. Y vlOydyn rac 6yneb y bu aarG EinaOn uab 
KadOgato y gOr aoed yn kynlial rann o Powys a 
Meironyd y wlat adugassei ef y gaii Uchtrut uab 
l-]| win. * Ac forth y agheu y kymyimaOd y Varedud 

4 [y vrawt, aphan doeth y wereskyn y 6lat y gGrth- 
lad6yt ef y gan Varedud] uab Bledyn y cwythyr. 
Ac yna y gellygOyt libel uab Ridit o garchar Henri 
yrenhin. A plian doeth y geissaG ran o Powys ni 
chauaa dim/ A phan gigleu Gruffud ab Kynan vy 
\. fildad Maredud ab Kad6ga6n o Varedud uab 
Bledyn y ewythyr, anuon a wnaetfa 5 Kadwalladyr 
ac O wein y ueibon a diruaOr lu gantunt hyt ym 
Meironnyd, a d6yn awnaethant holl dynyon y wlat 
°0 liunci' ae holl da gyt ac Dynt hyt yn Llyyn. 
Ac odyna kynullaG I In awnaethant ac aruaethu all 
dudaO holl wlat Powys. A heb allu 7 kyfleOni eu 



a ' M Ac y doetb Moredud ap Bledyn y gevynderw, 
ac Ithel ap Hi lit ap Bledyn a cllyjighcs.sit o garchar 
1 Cenri vrenhyn. 



1 pa, P.. j ... C. Talhayarn, D. 

■ yr, 13. I ' C. 



THE CHBONICLE OV THE PRINCES. lol 

i In in if they knew where Maredudd then was; and 
they answered that tiny did know. He then requ< 
that Maredudd would come to make peace. There- 
upon Maredudd and the sons..!' Cadwgan came luidei' 
the king's peace. After peace had been made between 
thriii, the king returned to England, levying ten 
thousand head of cattle as a tribute upon Powys. 
And thus that year ended. 

1120. One thousand one hundred and twenty was 
the year of Christ, "when Grufludd, son of Rhj 

of Tewdwr, killed (iruifudd, son of ;! Trahaiarn. 

1121. The ensuing year, Einon, son of Cadwgan. 
died, — the person who held a part of Powys and 
Meirionydd, the country -which he had taken from 
Uchtryd, son of Edwin, a and which at his death lie 
bequeathed to Maredudd, 4 his brother; and when he 
came to take possession of the country, lie was 
expelled by Maredudd/ son of Bleddyn, his uncle. 
Ami then Itliel, son of Ehirid, was liberated from the 
prison of king Henry ; and Avhen he came to claim a 
part of Powys, he obtained nothing/ When Gruf- 
ludd, son of Cynan, heard that Maredudd, son of 
Cadwgan, had been expelled by his uncle Maredudd, 
s<mi of Bleddyn, lie sent 5 Gadwalader and Owain. 
his sons, with a very large army into Meirionydd, 
and they took out of it all the men of the country, 
ainl all their property with them into Lleyn. And 
from thence they collected an army, intending to carry 
off the inhabitants of the whole country of Powys ; 



;k ' rt And Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, his cousin, 
came ; and Ithel, son of Ehirid, son of Bleddyn, was 
liberated from the prison of king Henry. 



» CatOallaOn, B. j ' kyflenvi, D. 



1 52 BRUT V nrWYSOGlON. 

haruedyt ydymchoelaesant dracbefyn. Ac yna yd- 
ymaruolles Maredud uab Bledyn a meibon Kadi 
uab Bledyn y gyt ac y diffeitbassanfc y rann vdyaf 
o gyfoetb Llywarcb uab Trabaeara, o aebaOs nerthu 
o houa'i veibon Grufud ab Kynan ac ymaruoll ac 
6ynt. 

MCXXlL Y vlCiydyn rac Oyneb y llada&d ' Grufud 

nab' Maredud ab Bledyn I the 1 ab liidit ab Bledyn 
y a gefynde.rG -ygguyd ''Maredud y dat.' Ac ynol 
ychydic o amser wedi liynny y UadaM ( 'atwalla'Mi 
;il. Grufud ab Kynan y fcri ewytliyr, nyt amgeii 
GronO a liidit a Meflyr meibon Owein ab Edwin. 
Kanvs A'diarat uercb Owein ab Edwin oed wreic 
UnHiid ab Kynan, a honiio oed vain KatwallaOn 
ac Owein a (Jhatwaladyr, a IlaOei* o verchet. Yny 
vldydyn lionno y niagOyt teruy.se y rGg Morgan a 
Maredud meibon KatwgaGn uab Bledyn. Ac yny 
teniyac hOnnO y lladaOd Morgan ae laG ehunan Varedud 
y vraOt. 

iMCXxm. Y vlfrydyn rac Oyneb s yd yinclioelaCd 
Henri vrenhin o Normandi wedy hedyclm y rygfcaO 
*ar neb y buassei tervy.se ac 6 6ynt kyn no liynny. 

MCXXIV. Y vl6yd\n rac uyncb y g0itlilad6yt Grufud 
uab Rys or kytvan o tlir a rodassei y brenliin idaG 
wedy y gyhudaG yn wiryon hob y liaedu o honaG 
or rTreinc aoedynt yn kyt breBS&ylaG ac ef. Yn 
diwed y vl6ydyn honno y bu nan'i Daniel uab Sulyen 
escob MynyG, y g6r a oed gyniodrcdCr y r(g GOyned 



•'" nai 

''' ' tat Ithael a oed vrovvt y Varedud. 



" Nat in C. D. a jj 

v Not in E. ' a rei, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 153 

but without being able to fulfil their purpose, they 
returned back. And then Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, 
and the .sous of Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, combined 
together, and ravaged the greatest part of the ter- 
ritory of Llywarch, sou of Trahaiarn, because he had 
assisted the sous of Gruffudd, sou of Cynan, and 
combined with tliom. 

1122. The ensuing year, 'Gruffudd, sou of Mared 
ii. M. son of Bleddyn, slew his il cousin Ithel, son of 
Rhirid, son of Bleddyn, "in the presence of ''his 
father Maredudd.' And, a little time afterwards, <'ad- 
wallon, son of Grufrudd, son of Cynan. slew his three 
undies, to wit, Goronwy, Rhirid, and Meilyr, the - 

-if Owain, son of Edwin. For, Angharad, daughter of 
Owain, son of Edwin, was the wile of Gruffudd, son 
of Cynan; and she was the mother of Cadwallon and 
Owain and Cadwalader, and of many daughters. In 
that year, a disturbance arose between Morgan and 
Maredudd, the sons of Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn ; 
and in that disturbance, Morgan killed Maredudd, his 
brother, with his own hands. 

1123. The ensuing year, king Henry returned from 
Normandy, having made peaee with those with whom 
he had had dissension previously. 

1124 The ensuing year, Graffudd, son of Rhys, was 
expelled from the portion of land which the king 
had given him, after he had been innocently and 
undeservedly accused by the French, who were jointly 
dwelling with him. In the end of that year died 
Daniel, son of Sulien, bishop of Menevia, the man 
who had been arbitrator between Gwynedd and 



ft0 nephew 

h ' 7 Ithel's lather, who was brother to Maredudd. 



'■ v) nteu, D. i ' C. 

*E. 



BRUT Y TYWYSOOION. 

a Phowys yny fceruysc a" oc<I ' [y] rygtunt. Ac nyt 
oed oeb ' [onadunt] a allei gacl bei nac aglot arnaO, 
kanys fcangnefedus oed a charedic gan baOp. Ac 
archdiagon J'owys oed. 

M" xxv. Y vl6ydyn rac Dyneb y bu uarG Gruftud 
-j;i|. Moredud] uab Bledyn. Ac yna y dellit Llywelyn 
ab Owein y gan Varedud uab Bledyn y ewythyi 
urawt y hendat a hGnnO ae rodes yn Ha6 Blen nab 
Iniaii y gOr ae hanuones ygkarehar hyfc ygkastell 
3 Brack. Yn diwed y vlGydyn ' [honno] y bu uarG 
Morgan ab KadOgaOn yn Cipris yn ymchoelut o 
Gaerussalem wedy mynet o honaG a chroes y Gaerus- 
salein o achate rylad o honaO kyn 110 hynny Varedud 
y vraGfc. 

xvi. Y vlOydyn gOedy bynny a y gGrthladOyt 
Maredud uab Llywarch oe wlat, y gGr a ladaOd mab 
M(;uruc y gefynderG. Ac a dallaOd meibon Griff ri y 
den gefynderO ereill.' A Ienaf uab Owein b ae gGrfch- 
ladaOd ac yny diwed ae lladaGd.' 

Mcxxvii. Y vlOydyn rae dyneb y lias Iorwoerth uab 
Llywarch 2 [y] gan LyOelyn uab Owein ym Powys. 
Ycbydic Oedy hynny y dyspoilGyt Llywelyn uab 
Owein oe lygeit ae geilleu y gan Uaredud uab 
Bledyn. Yn y vlOydyn honno y lias leuaf uab Owein 



• v * y lladawd Lliwelyn ap Ywein Varedud ap 
Llywarch wedy y dehol vy wlat y gwr aladassei 
Meuryc y geuynderWj ac a dynnassei lygeit Maredud 
a Griffri y deu geuyndyrw, ae adallasse y deu vroder. 

L ' '° a dallawt y dov vroder ac ay deholas or wlat, 
ac y lias wynt. 



1 B. | 3 Brygg0> D _ 

' D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF TUE PJHHCES. 155 

Powys, in the trouble between them ; and there was 

Hum' ' of tlirni' who could find blame or dispraise 
in him, for ho was peaceful, and beloved by all; he 
likewise, the archdeacon of .Powys. 

1125. The ensuing year, Gruffudd, ' J sun of Mare- 
dudd/ son of Bleddyn, died. And then Llywelyn, son 
of Owain, was blinded by his uncle, Maredudd, sun of 
Bleddyn, brother to his grandfather, who delivered 
him into the hands of Blen, son of Ieuan, the man 
who sent him to prison to the castle of Bryggo. At 
the end of that year, Morgan, son of Cadwgan, died 
at Cyprus, in returning from Jerusalem, alter having 
taken the cross and gone to Jerusalem, on account 
of his Laving killed his brother Maredudd. 

1126. The ensuing year, a Maredudd, son of Llyw- 
arcli, was expelled from his country; the man "who 
killed his cousin, the son of Meurug, and who 
blinded his two other cousins, the sons of G'rill'ri.' It 
was Ieuan, son of Owain, ,J who expelled him, and 
ultimately lolled him.' 

'1127. The ensuing year, Iorwerth, son of Llywarch, 
was killed by Llywelyn, son of Owain, in Powys. 
A little while afterwards, Llywelyn, son of Owain, 
was deprived of his eyes and testicles, by Maredudd, 
son of Bleddyn. In that year, Ieuav, son of Owain, 



a ' 4 Llywelyn, son of Owain, slew Maredudd, son of 
Llywarch, after driving him to his country, — the man 
who had killed his cousin Meurug, and had put out 
the eyes of his two other cousins, Maredudd and 
("Iril'l'ri, and had blinded his two brothers. 

Ij/ r ° who blinded his two brothers, and expelled 
them from the country, and killed them. 



C. | » D. 



156 MlUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

v gan veibon Llywarcb uab Owein y gefynderO. Yn 
tliwed y vlOydyn lionno a y Lias MadaOc uab Llyw- 
arcb' y gan Ueuruc y gefynderO 'uab Ridit.' 

ucxxvili. Vn diwed y vl6ydyn rac Oyneb ydyspeil- 
Oyt Meuruc uab Ridit oe deu Iygat ae doy gcill. 

moxxix. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y Has Eorwoertb uab 
weiu. Yn y vlOydyn honno y Has 2 Kad0ga0n uab 
(IruH'ud ab Kynau s [ YmanbeudOy] y gan GadOgaOn 
uab GronO ab Oweiu y gefynderO, b ac EinaOn uab 
Owein. Ycbydic wedy bynny y bu uarO Maredud ab 
Bledyn tegOcb a diogelOcb boll Powys ae hamdifyn 
wedy kymryt iachwyaOl benyt ar y gorfij a gleindit 
ediuarOcli yny yBpryt, a cliyuiyn corft* Crist, ae oleO 
ac aghen. 

mi xxx. *[Yny pedair blyned wedy liynny, nyt 
amgen no] deg mlyned arbugein a cbanfc a mil oed 
oet Crist pan vu bedeir blyned ar vn tu beb gahel 
neb ystorya or aellit y gOarcbadO 5 [y] dan go£ 

MCXXXIV. Ar vlOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Henry 
uab Gbiliin bastard brenbin Lloegyr a Cliymry ar 
lutll ynys y am liynny yn Norm an di 6 y trydyd dyd 
it via Racuyr/ Ac yny ol ynteu y kymerth Esteuyn 
o Blaes y nei goron y deyrnas y dreis, ac y darest- 
ygaOd yn OraOl idaO boll Delieu Lloegyr. 

MCXXXV. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y lias Kiekert oab 
Gilbert y gan Uorgan ab Owein; gGedy liynny y 
kyffroes Owein a Cbatwaladyr veibun Gruffud uab 



a ' 7 a Llywarcb alas a Madoc y vab 



1 ap Owain, E. 3 C. yn nanhevdwy, 1). 

- Cadwallawn, C. D. J ' C. 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 157 

was killed by the bobs of Llywarchj sun of Owain, his 
cousin. In the end of that year, :i Madog, sen of hlyw- 
arch, was killed 7 by his cousin Meurug, ' son of Rhirid.' 

112s. hi the dose of the ensuing year, Meurug, 
son of Rhirid, was deprived of both his eyes, and both 
his testicles. 

112!). The ensuing year, Iorwerth, son of Owain, 
was killed. Tn that year Cadwgan, sou of Gruffudd, 
son of Cynan, was killed :! at Nanheudwy' by his 
cousin Cadwgan, son* of Goronwy, son of Owain, 
band Einon, son of Owain. A little after that Mared- 
udd, son of Bleddyn, died — the ornament and sal'ety 
and defence of all Powy.s, after undergoing salvatory 
penance of his body, and sanctity of repentance in his 
spirit, and the communion of the. Body of Christ, and 
extreme unction. 

1130. 4 Fout years after that, that is to say.' one 
thousand one hundred and thirty was the year of 
Christ, when there were four successive years with- 
out any story to be found, that could he preserved 
ill memory. 

1 13 k And the ensuing year, Henry, son of William 
the Bastard, king of England and Wales, and of all 
the island besides, died in Normandy, <>n i; the third 
day of the month of December.' And after him 
his nephew, Stephen of Blois, took the crown of the 
kingdom by force, and bravely brought all fche South 
of England under his sway. 

1135. The ensuing year, Rickert, son of fiillx.-rt, was 
slain by Morgan, son of Owain. After that, Owain 
and Cadwalader, the sons of Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 



;i ' 7 Llywarch was slain, and Madog his son. 
,,s son of 



■ Ti. I '■ D. 

' iii. <1. Noucb., D. ' &• 



BEUT Y TtWTSOGION. 

Kynan dirua&r greula&n hi y GeredigyaOn y gOyr a 
' oed degOcb yr holl Vrytaiiyeit ac diogelOch ae rydit 
ae kedernit, y gfiyr a oodynt deu ardercliaGc 2 vren- 
hin a deu baelon. Deu diofyn deu le6 deOron deu 
defcwydyon. Deu huodron. Deu doethon. Diogelwyr 
yr eglGysseu ae 8 hardemylwyr. Ac anuliftynnwyr y 
blodyon; llofrudyon y gelynyon, hedycliwyr y rei 
ymladgar \ dofyodron y gwrthwynebwyr j y diogelaf 
oaOd y baGp or afoei afctunt ; y gbyi a oedyiit yn 
rac rymhau o nerthoed eneideu a chyrf. Ac yn 
kyt gynhal ynvn lioll deymas y Brytanyeit. Y rei 
liynny ar yruthur gynfcaf alosgassaiit gastell GOaflfcer 
'|'li: Bee]. Ac yna wedy kyf-froi r ' cu hadaned °yd 
ymladayssant a chastell Aber YstGyth ac y llosgas- 
sanfc. A chyt a Howcl nab Maredud a MadaGc uab 
[dnerfch, a deu uab Howcl nyfc amgen Maredud a 
Ryu a losgassant gastell Rickert Dylauiar a du 
7 Dinerth, a cliastell Kaer (jedroa. Ac "odyna yd' 
ymchoelassant adref. Yn diwed y vlGydyn honno y 
doethaut eilwcith y GeredigyaOn, a chyfc ac Oynt 
amylder In o detholedigyou ymladwyr ual amgylcb 
will-mil o bedyfc aduOyn 9 [kant] a dOy vil o varch- 
ogyon llurugaGe. Ac yn berth, udunt y deutli 
Gruffud uab Rys a Howcl uab Maredud o Vreehein- 
aOc a MadaGc uab Kl Idnerth, a deu uab Howel uab 
Maredud. Ar rei liynny oil yii gylun a gy weirassant 
\ byclinoed y Aber " Dyni. Ac yn y herbyn y dentE 
Ysteuyn gGnstabyl '[y dref] a Robert uab Martin, a 
meibon Geralt ystiwert '-'[a. G&ilyui ap Ore] ar boll 
Flemisseit, ar holl uarchogyon ar boll Ffreinc o 



1 oodynt, Ji, 
' uronhiucd, l>. 
1 hardelOyr, B. 



6 y, B. 

■ yd, I! 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCKS, 15!) 

led a large and cruel army into Ceredigion ; — the men 
who were M1. 4 ornament of all the Britons, their safely. 
their liberty, and their Btrength; the men who were 
two noble and two generous kings ; two dauntless ones ; 
two brave lions; two blessed ones; two eloquent one! 
two wise ones; protectors of the churches, and their 
champions; the defenders of the poor; the Blayers of 
the foes; the pacifiers of the quarrelsome; the tamers 
of antagonists ; the safest refuge to all who should 
See to them; the men who were pre-eminent in 
energies of souls and bodies ; and jointly upholding 
in unity the whole kingdom of the Britons. Thej on 
the first onset burned the castle of Waller Me Bee;' 
and then, having moved fcheir wings, they fought 
against, the castle, of Aberystwyth and burned it ; 
and along with Howel, son of Maredudd, and Madog, 
son of Idnerth. and the two sons of Howel, to wit. 
Maredudd and Rhys, they burned fcho castle of Rickeri 
de la Mere, and the castle of Dincrth, and the castle 
of Caerwedros ; and afterwards they returned home. 
In the close of that year they came a second time 
into Ceredigion, having with them a numerous arm} 
of choice combatants, about six thousand fine infantry, 
and two thousand ! 'one hundred' cavalry in armour. 
Ami to their aid came Grufiudd, son of Rhys, and 
Howel, son of Maredudd of Breclminiog, and Madog. 
son of I0 Idnerth, and the two sons of Howel, son of 
Maredudd. And all those conjointly drew up their 
troops at Aber n Dyvi. And to oppose them came 
Stephen the constable ''of the town,' and Robert, son 
of Martin, and the sons of Gerald the steward, la and 
William son of Ore/ and all the Flemings, and all 
the marchers, and all the French from Alter Ncdd 



7 Dinyrth, B. Dineyrth, D. 
"' odyno yv, 13. 
1 /).'/■:. 



10 lor, D. 

" T eivi, #.C. J). 

12 B. 



100 BRUT Y TTWTSOOION. 

A lor Ned hyt yn Aber ' Dyfi. A gOedy kyrohu y 
vrOydyr ac ymlad yn greulaGn o bop tu y kymerth 
y FHemiaseit ar Normanyeit eu fib berGyd on har- 
ueredic defeat A gOedy Had rei o nadunt, a llosgi 
civill, ft a tliryclni tract nicin-h ereill/ a duyn ereill 
i hi wet a bodi y ran vdyaf megys ynvydyon yn 
xv a von. A gOedy colli amgylch tcir mil oe g&yr yn 
drist aflawen -yd ymchoelassant ' 5 y gOlat. A gOedy 
hynny yd ymchoelaOd Owein a Oliatwaladyr y(> gOlat 
yn byfryt laden gftedy *kaffel y uudugolyaeth 5 [yn 
anrydedns], a cbael diruaOr amylder o geith ac an- 
reitheu a gOiscoed maOrweirfchaOc ac arueu. 

MCXXXVT. Y vluydyn rac Oyneb y bn varG Gruffud 
liul) Rys, Heuuer a chedemifc ac adudynder y Deheu- 
wyr. •'' [Yn] y vloydyn honno y bn uarO Gruffud ab 
Kyuau brenhin a phennadur a fchywyssa&c ac amdiff- 
ynnGr a bedyeUOr boll Gymry. GOedy lliaCs beriglen 
mor a bhir. GOedy aneiryf anreitheu a budugolyaetbeu 
ryueloed. GOedy goludoed cur ac aryant a dillat 
maOrweirtbaOc. GOedy kynhullaO Goyned y briaOt wlat 
y rei a daroed y gOasgaru kynno hynny y ymrauaelon 
wlatoed, y gan Normanyeit. GOedy adeilat llawer o 
eglOysseu yny amser ae kyssegru y DuG. 5 [AJ gOedy 
gOisgaO ymdanaO yn vynaeb, a chymryt cymun corff 
Crist, ;u: oleO, ac aglienn. Yny vlOydyn honno y bn 
uarO leuaii archoffeirat Llan Badarn y gOr a oed 
doetliaf or doefchon. Gdedy arwcin y vuched yn 
grefydus beb pecbadt marCaOl byt aglieu yny trydyd 



ri ' '' ac yssigaw ereill dan draet meirch 



1 Teivi, i:. I * y<>, B. 

\ r. /;. ' cael. B. 



THE CimONICLE OF THE PRINCES, 161 

unto Aber ' Dyvi. And after joining battle, with 
cruel fighting on every side, the Flemings and the 
Normans took to flight, according to their usual 
custom. And after some of them had been killed, 
and others burned, a and the Limbs of the horses of 
others broken/ and others taken captive, and tin- 
greater part, like fools, drowned in the river, and 
after losing about three thousand of their men, they 
returned exceedingly sorrowful to their country. Aiter 
that, Owain and Cadwalader returned, happy and 
rejoicing, to their country, having obtained the vietory 
''honourably,' with an immense number of prisoners, 
and spoils, and costly garments and arms. 

1136. The ensuing year, Grurru&d, son of Rhys, 
died — the light and strength and gentleness of the 
men of South Wales. In the same year Gruffudd, 
son of Cynan, died — the king and sovereign and 
prince and defender and pacifier of all the Welsh, 
after many dangers by sea and land, after innumer- 
able spoils and victories in war, after riches of gold 
and silver and costly garments, after collecting to- 
gether into Gwynedd, his own country, those who 
had been before scattered into various countries by 
the Normans, after building in his time many 
(lunches, and consecrating them to God, and after 
habiting himself as a monk, and receiving tin; com- 
munion of the Body of Christ, ami extreme unction. 
In that year Ieuan, high priest of Llanbadarn, died — 
the man who was the wisest of the wise, after lead- 
ing his life rcli&'iouslv, without committing mortal sin 
unto his dissolution, on the third day of the calends 



a ' G and bruised others under the feet of horses, 



B. I ° C. 



\<Yl BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

<ly<l o galan Ebrill. Yny vlOydyn honno liefyt y 
'1 -ill nn-ibon Gruff'tid ab Kynan y :i dryded weith' y 
GeredigyaGn, ac y Uosgassant gastell Y.strat Meuruc, a 
chastell ' Llan YstyfTan/ a chastell "[Homire] 8 [a] Kaer 
Vyrdin. 

MCXXXVII. 4 [Yn] y vlOydyn rac Gyneb y doeth yr 
amherodres y Loegyr yr darestOg brenhinyaeth Loegyr 
v Hfiiri y mal>. Kanys niereh oed hi y Henri gyntaf 
uab G6ilim vastard. Ac yna y bu dyffic ar yr heul 
y deudeeuet dyd o galan Ebrill. 

mcxxxvii i. Y vlOydyn rac Gyneb y lias Cynwric 
c [ap] Owein y gun deulu MadaOc nab Marednd. 

mi x\xi\. Y vlOydyn wedy hynny y bu uarO 
MadaOc uab Idnerth. Ac y lias Marednd uab Howel 
y gan ueibon Bledyn uab 6 JKynuyn 4 [y] GOyn. 

MCXL. Y vlOydyn rac UaO y lias Howel uab Maredud 
uab Ryderch or Cantref Bychan drOy dycbymic Rys 
uab Howel ; ac ef e luin ae IladaOd. 

MCXLI. Deugein mlyned a chant a mil oed oet 
Crist pan las Howe! uab Maredud ab Bledyn y gan 
'•neb un lid) wybot pGy ae IladaOd/ Ac yna y lias 
Howel ae vraGt ' [ChadOgaOn] in'eibon MadaOc uab 
[dnerth. 

MCXlill. Y vlOydyn wedy hynny y Has AnaraOt uab 
Grufud gobeifch a chedernyt a gogonyant y Debeu- 
wyr y gan deulu Kadwaladyr y gOr yd 7 oedynt yn 



a ' H eilweith 

l,: ' y Gyr rlmn. ,0 yr eidaw elivn. 



1 rutevyn, V. 

•-• II. Sire Htunfray, /». 

3 a 



1 B. 

n.<\T). ae, A. 
B Not in C. I). 



TTTE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 163 

of April. In that year also, the sons of Gruffudd, 
son of Cynan, came the !l third time' into Ceredi 
and burned the castle of Ystrad Meurug, the castle 
of Llanstephan, tin- castle - o[' Jlnmfrey/ ;t and I'aer- 
maithen. 

1137. ''In the ensuing year, the empress arrived in 
England, for the purpose of subduing the kingdom of 
England for Henry her son; for she was a daughter 
fco Henry the first, son of William the Bastard. And 
then there was an eclipse of the sun on the twelfth 
day of the calends of April. 

1138. The ensuing year, Cynvrig, "son of Owain, 
was killed l>y the family of Madog, son of Maredudd. 

1139. The year after that, Madog, son of Idnerth, 
died; and Maredudd, son of Howel, was slain by the 
sons of Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn Gwyn. 

1140. The forthcoming year, Howel, son of Mared 
udd, son of Rhydderch, of Cantrev Bychan, was slain 
by the machination of Rhys, son of Howel, and he 
himself slew him. 

1141. One thousand one hundred and forty was 
the year of Christ, when Howel, son of Maredudd, 
son of Bleddyn, was killed by ''some one. without its 
being known who killed him..' And then Howel and 
his In-other H'adwgan, the sons of Madog, son of 
Idnerth, were slain. 

1142. The year after that, Anarawd, son of Gruf- 
fudd, the hope, and strength, and glory of tin; men of 
South Wales, was killed by the family of Cadwalader — 



•' l ' H second time 

1,M) his own men. "'his own. 



7 oed, U. I " //. ( :. 

■ J>. I l0 J). 



I. 2 



lGt BBUT Y TYWYSOOIOX. 

ymdiret idad yn gymeint ac ofynhaeL A g6edy 
clybot o Owein y vraOt hynny drGc nn gantab. 
Ivanys amot awnathoed rodi y verch y AnnaraOt. A 
mynnu Kadwaladyr y vraOt awnaeth. Ac yna yd- 
achubadd Howel nab Owein ran CadOaladyr o ' Gein- 
a6n, ac y lloages easfcell CadOaladyr a oed yn Aber 
YstGyth. Ac yna y lias Milo iarll Henti'ord asactli 
neb vm uarchaOc idafi <• htm aoed yn htorh karCi '-'yn 
hela' y gyfc ac ef. 

MCXLIII. Y vlOydyn vac llaG pan welas Catwaladyr 
not Owein y vraOt yny (>rthlad oe lioll gyfoeth kyn- 
nlla/j llygea Twcrdon aorac, a dynofc y Abermenei 
yr fcir. Ac yn dywyssogyon gyfc ac ef ydoed 8 Otter/ 
;i mail Tnrkyll a mab 4 CherOlf. Ygkyfrdg Ivynny y 
kyttunnaOd Owein a Chatwaladyr niegys y gOedi i y 
yrodyr a thrOy gyghor y gtiyr da y kymodassant 
a A phan 6 glywy£' hynny y dellis '"' [ y] GermanGyr 
Cadwaladyr. Ac ynteu a araodes ndnnt d6y vil o 
hgeith ac vclly yd ymrydhaa&cl y Ortlmnt.' A phan 
gigleu Owein hynny a hot y vraGt yn ryd teruysgus 
gynn&rOf awnaeth arnunt ae kyrclm yn diennic a ©rue. 
A g&edy Had rei a dala ereill ac kaethiOaO yn warat- 



tt ' 7 A drwc ocd gan y Gwydyl hynny canys oed 
amot ydnnt dwy vil o vorkcv yr dyvot gyt ac ef. 
A gwedy nas garssani, wynt ndalya.s.sant Uawer ac a 
dugassant gantunt yn attanel ev da. 

'■ B warthec, 



' GeredigyaOn, H.( '. 3 ' Otter vab OeU-r, 11. C. Occcr 

-' Orth hcly, 13. | vab Occcr, 1). 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 1G5 

the man in whom tliey reposed as much confidence 
as he required. And when his brother Owain heard 
of it, he was sorry; for he had made a contract 
to give his daughter to Anarawd. And she would 
have his brother Cadwalader. Then Howel, son of 
Owain, seized Cadwalader's share of Ceredigion, and 
burned a castle of Cadwalader which was a( Aberyst- 
wyth. At that time Milo, earl of Hereford, was killed 
hy an arrow from a certain knight attached to him- 
self, who was shooting a stag in hunting with him. 

1143. The forthcoming year, when Cadwalader saw- 
that his brother Owain was expelling him from all his 
territory, he collected a fleet from Ireland, and landed 
at Abermenai ; and as leaders with him were ;1 Otter, 
and the son of Tnrkyll, and the son of 4 Cherulf. In 
the meanwhile Owain and Cadwalader were reconciled, 
as became brothers, and it was through the advice 
of the good men that they wov pacified. :l And when 
that became known, the Germans blinded Cadwalader ; 
and he agreed to give them two thousand b bondmen ; 
and thus did he liberate himself from them.' And 
when Owain heard it, and that his brother was free, 
lie became outrageous against them, and attacked them 
without mercy ; and when some were killed, and others 
taken and confined, they ignominiously escaped by 



:i ' ' And the (Jwyddelians were sorry because of that, 
for there was an agreement that they should have 
two thousand marks for accompanying him. And 
when they did not receive them, they captured many, 
and took them away with them in pledge for their 
propcrt}'. '' H cattle ; 



' Yschcrwlf, C. 




: i) 


y giglcu y Gwydyl 
B. 


a. 


■ a 



1GG BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

v.ydiis y diaghye ant ar ffo liyt yn Dulyn. Y vldydyn 
honno y bodes ' [o Gymry] pererinyon ar vox Groec 
yn mynet achroes y Gaerussalem. Yny vlOydyn honno 
ydatgyweiradd - Hu uab 3 Ra6If gastelJ 4 Gemaron ac 
y goreskynnaGd eilweith Vaelenyd. Ac yna yd at- 
gyweirOyt 5 [kastell] 6 Col6yn, ac y darestyg&yt Eluael 
yr oil writ h yr Ffreinc. 

mcxi.iv. Y vl&ydyn rac 6yneb y delis 7 [Sir Hywe] 

Mortenier Kys uab Howel ac y carcliaraOd myOn 
carchar, wedy Had rei oc wyr a H dala ereill. Ac yna 
y diffeithaGd Howel uab Owein a Chynan y vraGt 
7 [Aberteiui]. A i^iu'-ily bot brGydyr arGdost, a chael o 
aadunt y vudugolyaeth yd ymchoelassant drachefynn 
a diruaOr anreith gantunt. Ac yna ydeuth Gilbert 
iarll nab Gilbert arall y Dyf'et. Ac y darestyga6d y 
wlat a ac ydadeilaOd Gastell Kaer Uyrdin, achastell 
arall yin Mab Udrut.' 

mcxlv. Y vldydyn rac Gyneb y bu uarO "Sulyen 

1 [yab] Ridmiarcli mab y iSeint Padarn mab maetfi 
yr eglOys, a gGedy hynny athro arbennic g6r oed 
■' [ac] aeduet y gelnydyt, ymadrodOr dros y gunedyl, 
a dadleuOr 10 kymedrodwyr, hedyenGx' arnryuaelon gen- 
edloed, adura o vrodyeu eglOyssolyon ar rei bydolyon 
y *• decuet dy<\ o galan Hydref/ G6edy kymiyi iaeh- 
OyaOl benyt ar y gyssegredigaeth gorff a eliyinyn eorff 



;,/ " ac y goresgynnnssant eastell Oaer Vyrdvn. ac 
edeiliat eastell mab YYIitryt. 

l/ '- den decuet dyd o galan mis Tachwed. 



CD. I ' Gymaeron, />'. 

Hugyn, I>. i ' />'. 

K;mdwll'. < '. \ Kolunwy, C 



THE CHRONICLE OF TOE PRINCES. 107 

flight to Dublin. In that year, some pilgrims ' from 
Wales' were drowned on fche sea of Greece, in going 
with the cross to Jerusalem. Thai same year, 8 Hugb, 
son of Raulf, repaired the castle of 4 Geinaron, and 
conquered Maelienydd the second time. And then 
6 the castle of (i Cohvyn was repaired, and Elvael n 
second time was subjected to the French. 

1144. The ensuing year, 7 Sir Hugh' de Mortimer 
seized Rhys, son of Howel, and confined him in prison, 
after kilting some of bis men, and taking others. And 
then, Howel, son of Owain, and his brother, Cynan, 
ravaged 7 Abertcivi ; and after there had been a most 
severe battle, and they had obtained the victory, they 
returned back, with an immense booty. And then 
earl Gilbert, son of another Gilbert, came into Dyved, 
and subdued the country, ft and erected the castle of 
Caermarthen, and another castle belonging to the 
son of Uchtryd.' 

114-5. The ensuing year died u Sulicn, 'son of'Ryth- 
march, son to St. Padarn, adopted son of the church, 
and afterwards an especial teacher, a man whose 
science was mature, a speaker in behalf of his nation, 
;i pleader among- arbitrators, the peace-maker of 
several nations, the ornament of ecclesiastical and 
civil decisions, on b the tenth day of the calends of 
October,' after undergoing salutary penance in bis 
consecrated body, and taking the communion of the 



11/11 and conquered the castle of Caermarthen; and 
the castle of the son of Uchtryd was built. 
I,/ '- the twelfth day of the calends of fche month of 

November, 



i). 
" daly, I'.. 
■ Snlgenios, C 



"" kyunock'lOr imlychaO), B. 
" D. 

" a 



[08 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

( Yi i ;m- o\<-'i :«• ;i-ii(;iiii. Ac yna y lias Mcuruc uab 
MadaOc uab Ridit ' yr hbnn aelwit Mcuruc Tybodyat 
trOy vrat y gan eu wyr c liun.' Ac yna y lias 
Maredud uab MadaOc uab Idnerth y gan Hu o Mor- 
Lyiucr. - [ YnJ y vl6ydyn honno y goresgynnaOd Cadcll 
11,1 1 1 Grufud gastell DinGeileir yr hOnn a wnathoed 
Gilbert iarll. a Ychydie wedy liynny y goruu ef a 
Ifuwcl all Owein ;1 [gastell j Gaer Vyrdin drOy gadarn 
1 ymrys.soii wedy' Had llawer oe gelynyon abrathu 
creilJ. Ychydic o dydyeu wedy hynay y doeth yn 
deissyfyt diruaOr luossogrtyd or Ffreinc ar Fflemisseit 
y ymlad ar castell. Ac yn dywyssogyon yn y blaen 
rneibou Geralt ystiwerfc, a Gwilim ab Aed ; a phan 
vvelaa Meredud uab Gruffud y '' [gOr] y gorchymyn- 
nassit '' udunt gadGryaeth y castell ae anidifyn y 
elynyon yn dyuot mor deissyfyt a hynny gyrru 
callon yny g fi yr aoruc ac bannoe y ymlad, a bot yn 
dreeli gantaG y vryt noe oet. Kanys kyn bei bychan 
\ n.i eissoes yd ocd gantaG weithret marcliaOc ac yn 
angrynedic dywyssaGe yn annoc y wyr y ymlad, ae 
yn •' kyrchu e liun y elynyon yn arueu/ A phan 



;i ' ' A chaste!) Caer Vyrdyn drwy Howel ap Oweyn 
ar gwj r a oed yngarchar gyt ac ef. Ac odyna y doeth 
Cadell ay vrodyr Moredud a Rys y gastell Llan 
Ysti|ilian ac ymlad yn gadarn ae wynt a H ae y 
rodassant eu heneidyeu yr karcharoryon a odynt yno, 
ychydie wedy hynny ygoresgynnawd Kadell ay vrodyr 
Maredud a Rys kastell Llan Ystyffant 

''''■'tryclm s linn y elynyon ac arueu. 



"Ao< in CI) 

- /;. 
• c. 



'' amrysson, B. 
■ B. gfiyr, .1. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 169 

Body of Christ, and extreme unction. And then 
Meurug, son of Madog, son of Rhirid, ' who was called 
Meurug Tybodiad, was killed through the treachery of 
his own men.' And then Maredndd, son of Madog, 
son of Idnerth, was killed by Hugh de Mortimer. In 
that year Cadell, son of Gruffudd, reduced the castle 
of Dinweileir, which had been erected l>y earl (iil- 
bert. !l A little while afterwards, he and Howel, son 
of Owain, overcame :i the castle of Caermarthen in a 
severe struggle, after' killing many of their enemies, 
and wounding others. A few days after that, an 
immense multitude of the French and Flemings came 
suddenly to attack the castle ; ami their commanders 
to lead them were the sons of Gerald the steward, 
and William, son of Aed. When Maredndd, son of 
Grufl'udd, the man to whom was assigned (lie cus- 
tody of the castle and its defence, saw his enemies 
coming so suddenly, he encouraged the men, and 
urged them to fight, his mind being superior to 
his age; for though he was young of age, neverthe- 
less, he had the achievement of a. knight, and as 
an undaunted leader, he incited his men to tight, and 
'-' himself assaulted his enemies in arms.' And when 



B ' 7 and the castle of Caermarthen by the aid of 
Howel, son of Owain, and the men who were in 
prison with him. And from thence Cadell and his 
lirothcr.s Maredndd and Rhys went to tin; castle of 
Llanstephan and fought fiercely with them, B and 
gave their lives to the prisoners who were there. A 
little after that Cadell, and his brothers Maredndd 
and Rhys, conquered the castle of Llanstephan, 

•'' " himself mangled his enemies with aims. 



i<la(>, B. 1 " c. 

1>- ■ ]{. 



170 BRUT Y TYWTSOGION. 

wrela y elynyon bychanefc oed y nifer yn amdifryn o 
vyOn y castell drychafael yseolyon Orth y muroed ' [o 
pop parth] aOnaethant. Ac ynteu aodefaOd y elyn- 
yon y yskynnu tu ar bylcheu. Ac yn dilesc ef ae 
wyr a ymchoelassant yr yscolyon yny syrfchaOd y 
gelynyon yny claOd gan yrru fib ar yrei ereill, ac 
adaO lliaOs o nadunt yn veirO ; ar liynn a dangosses 
LdaG y detwyd dyglietuen rac llaO ar gaffel daOn o 
honaO ar wledyclm yny Delicti. Kanys gorun ac ef 
yn vab sir laOer owyr profedie yn ymladeu. Ac ynteu 
ac ychydic o nerfcli y gyt ac ef. Yn diwed y vlOyd- 
yu hcmno y bu uarG Eun uab Oweiii yn Ava.s ieuane 
clotuomsHaf <> genedy] y Brytanyeit, yr him a 8 uag- 
yssei uoned yrieni yn ardercIiaOc. Kanys tec ceil o 
ffuruf ;i drych, a hynafe o ymadrodyon, a huaOdyr 
wrfcb baGb. Eac wela&dyr yn rodyon. Vfud ymplith 
y dylGyth. Baleh ymplith y estronycm, a thcrOyn garii 
mill y "lynynn. Digrif Orth y gyfeillon ; hir y dyat ; 
g&ynn y li''. Pengryeh melyn y wallt ; hir y Gyneb. 
:1 (lolcisson y lygeit llydanyon a llawenyon. MynOgyl 
hir praff. DOy vr<>nn lydan. Ystlys hir. Morddydyd 
praffyon. Eskeired liiryon ; ac oduch y draet yn 
veinun. Traeil 4 liiryon a byssed unya&n oed ida6. A 
j > 1 j : 1 1 1 doetli y eliOedy] y irat agheu ef at y dat Oweiu 
ef a godet ae ;i dristaaOd yn gymeiilt ac na allei 
dim y liyfiytan of ua thcgGch teyrnns na digrifoch, 
ua chlaear didanGeb gOyi' da nac edrychedigaeth 
maOrweirtbogyon betbeu mamyn DuO rac welaGdyr 
])i)l» peth a drugaraaful oe arueredic defaOt a drug- 
arhaaOd Orth genedyl y Brytanyeit rac y cliolli megys 
Hog heb : ' lywyaOdyr amei ' [ac] agedwis udunt 
Owein yn fcywyssaGc arnunt. Kanys kyn kyrchassei 
auniodefedic dristit vudnl y tywy.ssaOc, eissoes ef ae 



1 li. ' nuik-i.ssvon. C. 

- vagassei, li. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 171 

his enemies observed how small was the number 
within defending the castle, they raised ladders against 
tin' walls 'on every side.' He suffered his enemies 
to ascend towanls the embrasures, and then he and 
his men energetically pushed hack the ladders, so that 
the foes fell into the ditch, putting the others to 
flight, many being left dead. In this was demonstrated 
his happy destiny in future of possessing merit for 
reigning in the South ; for he, though a youth, over- 
came many tried men in combats, having with him 
only a small force. In the end of that year died 
Khun, son of Owain, being the must praiseworthy 
young man of the British nation, whom his noble 
parents had honourably reared. For he was fair of 
form and aspect, kind in conversation, and affable to 
all; seen foremost in gifts; courteous among his fa- 
mily ; high bearing among strangers, and fierce towards 
his enemies ; entertaining to his friends ; tall of stature, 
and fair of complexion, With curly yellow hair, long 
countenance; with eyes somewhat blue, full and play- 
ful; he had a long and thick neck, broad breast, 
lone waist, large thighs, long legs, wliich were slender 
above his feet ; his feet were long, and his toes were 
straight. When the report of his lamentable death 
came to his father Owain, lie was afflicted and de- 
jected so much, that nothing could cheer him, neither 
the splendour of a kingdom, nor amusement, nor the 
sprightly converse of good men, nor the. exhibition 
of valuable things; but Clod, Who foreseeth all things 
in His accustomed manner, commiserated the Uritish 
nation, lest it should perish like 8 ship without a 
pilot, and preserved Owain as a prince over it. For 
before insufferable sorrow had aflected the mind of 



•' hirueinyon, ( . ' lynryatrr, B 



172 MtUT Y TYWVSOfJION. 

drychafaOd, doissyfyt lewenyd drOy racweledigaeth DuO. 
Kanys yil oed neb un gastell a el wit Yrdydgrac y 
liiifssit yn vynycli yn ymlad ac ef heb dygyaG. A 
phan docth gayr da Owein ae deulu y ymlad ac ef 
ny allaOd nac anyan y lie nae gedernit ymGrthlad ac 
Oynt yny losget y castell ac yny diffeithOyt, gOedy 
Had rei or kastelhvyr a ' dala ereill ae carcbaru. 
A phan gigleu Owein yn tywyssaOc ni liynny y 
gellygOyt ef y gan bob dolor a phob medOl cOyn- 
uanua ac y doeth yn ryinus 2 [yn] yr ansaOd 3 a oed 
arnaG gynt, 

MCXLVT. Y vlCiydyn rac 6yneb - [y] daeth Lowys 
uiciiliin Freinc ac amheraOdyr yr Alinaen '*-' [y] gyt 
ac ef a diruaOr 4 Juo.s.sogrOyd o ieirll a barOneit a 
thywyssogyon gyt ac Oynt a cbroes y Gaerussaleni. 
a8 [Yn] y vlOydyn honno y kyffroes Cadell ab 
Gruffud ae urodyr * [nyt amgen] Maredud a Rys. A 
(iiiilim ab Geralt ae urodyr gyt ac Oynt lu amben 
castell Gdiss. A gOedy annobeithaO u nadunt yn y 
nerthoed e hunein, galG Howel ab Owein a orugant 
yn borth udunt. Kanys gobeithaO ydoedynt oe 
deOrleO luossogrOyd ef parottaf y yinladcu ae doethaf 



a' •'- Yny vlwidyn yd aeth Cadell ap Grufud ay 
vrodyr Morcdud a Rys am ben castell y Wis; ac 
anvon yn ol Howel ap Owein yn borth ydunt. A 
gwedy klywet o Willam vap Geralt ay vrodyr hynny, 
anvon y wahawd Howel a orugant u barthret y 
brenhin ac adaw Uawer o da idav yr dyvot yn borth 
ydunt, ac yntev adoetli ac a ymdiffynnawt y cantell 
oy nerth ef. 



' daly, B. - 1 yd, B. 

■ B. I 



THE CHROKICLE OK THE PRINCES. 173 

the prince, he was restored to sudden joy, through 

the providence of God. There was a certain castle 
called Gwyddgrug, which had been frequently attacked, 
without its falling j and when the liegemen ofOwain 
ami his family came to fight against it, neither the 

nature of the place nor its strength could resist them, 
till the castle was burned and destroyed, after killing 
some of the garrison, and taking others, and putting 
them in prison. And when Owain, our prince, heard 
of that, lie became relieved from all pain, and from 
every sorrowing thought, and recovered his accustomed 
energy. 

114G. The ensuing year, Louis, king of France, and 
the emperor of Germany, accompanied by an immense 
multitude of earls and barons and princes, took the 
cross and proceeded to Jerusalem. :i In that same 
year, Cadell, son of QrufFudd, ami his brothers, namely, 
Maredudd and Rhys, and William, son of Gerald, and 
liis brothers with them, raised an army against the 
castle of Gwys. And after desparing of their own 
strength, they called Howel, son of Owain, to their 
aid ; for they trusted from his courageous forces, who 
was the readiest in conflicts, and the wisest in council. 



8/8 During the year Cadell, son of Grufl'udd, ami 
his brothers Maredudd and llhys, went against the 
castle of Gwys ; and sent for Howel, son of Owain, 
to their assistance. And when William, son of 

Gerald, and his brothers, heard that, they sent to 
invite Howel on the part of the king, promising him 
much property if he came to their aid, and he came 
and defended the castle with his own force. 



1 luoessyd, B, I s D. 



174- BRUT Y TYWY80GI0N. 

gyghor gaffe! o nadunt y uudugolyaeth, A Howel 
rnegys ydoed cliGanna6c yn wastat y glot agogonyani 
a beria kynullaG Uu ' [agGedy kynullaG y llu] gleGaf 
apharottaf yn enryded y liargl6yd; kymryt hynt 
aoruc tu ar dywededic gastelJ • [Gois]. A gGedy y 
aruol] yn enrydedus or 8 dyGededigyon uarGneit yno 
pebyllyaG aOnaetli. A boll negesseu y ryfel aOneit oe 
gygor ef ae dechymmic. Ac uelly 4 yd oed' baOb ot 
aoed yno y oraehel ogonyant a budugolyaetli drOy 
oruot ar y castell oe gyghor <•(' gan diruaGr ymrysson 
ao ymlad. Ac odyno yd ymcboelaGd IIowcl yii uud- 
ugaGl draehefyn ;' ny bu bell gGedy liynny yu y bu 
fceruysc y r6g Howe! a Chynan veibon Owein a 
Chafcwaladyr ' [y eGythyr]. Ac odyna ydenth Howel 
or neilltu, a Chynan or tu arall hyt ym Meironnyd 
1 ae galO a Gnaethant y lad g&yr y wlat agilyassant y 
noduaeu eglGysseu gan gadO ae Gynt y 5 noduaeu ac 
enryded yr eglGys. Ac odyna kyweiryaO eu bydin 
awnaethant tu a Chynuael castell Cadwaladyr, yr 
hGnn ;i\viia( liocl Katwaladyr kynno liymiy yny lie yd 
oed Moruran abat y ty GGyn yn ystiOert yr hOnn a 
Grtliodes rodi y Grogaeth udunt, kyt ysprofit weitheu 
drOy '' arOydon vegythyeu, gGeitbeu ereill dr6y an- 
neiryf 7 anregyon a' rodyon agynigyit LdaG. Kanys 
gOell oed gantad ' [y] uarG yn aduGyn no dGyn y 
vucfoed yn dGyllodrus. A pban welas Howel a Ohynan 
liynny dGyn kyreh kynliyrmis yr kastell aGnaetliant, 
ac cnnill a orugant y dreis. Ac o vreid y diegi.s 
8 ceifcweit y castell drGy nerfch y kyfeillon wedy Had 
ici oe kedymdeithon, a brathu ereill. Yny vlGydyn 
lionno y bu uarG Robert iarll nab Henri -[vrenhin] 
g&r agynbalassei ryfel ynerbyn Esteuyn vrenhin 



1 />'. I 3 dywodedie, B. 

- (\ J v y doeth, B. 



THE CIinONICLE OF THE PRINCES 17* 

that they should < »1 >i n'm the victory. And Howel, as 
he was always ambitious of fame and glory, caused 
to be assembled an army, 'and after assembling an 
army/ the bravest and most prepared in honour of 
his lord, he marched toward the said castle 8 of Gwys ;' 
and after being honourably received there by the 
before mentioned barons, he encamped ; and all the 
concerns of the war were executed From Ins counsel 
and design. In tli-at manner every body there aspired 
to supreme glory and victory by overcoming the 
castle, through his advice, with extreme emulation 
and fighting. And from thence Howe] returned back 
victorious.' It was not long afterwards before there 
was a commotion between Howel and Cynan, sons of 
Owain, and Cadwalader ' their uncle ;' and then Howel 
on one side, and Cynan on the other side, proceeded 
into Meirionydd, and called out the men of the 
country who had retired to the sanctuaries of the 
churches, preserving the sanctuaries and honour of the 
church. From thence they directed their force towards 
Cynvael, the castle of Cadwalader, which Cadwalader 
had formerly erected, in the place where Morvran, 
abbot of Whitland, was steward, who refused to do 
homage to them, though he was sometimes tried by 
severe threatenings, at other times by numberless pre- 
sents and gifts offered to him ; for lie deemed it better 
to die reputably than to lead his life dishonourably. 
When Howel and Cynan found that, they made a 
violent attack upon the castle, and gained it by force ; 
and hardly did the defenders of the castle escape 
through the aid of their friends, after some of their 
companions were killed, and others wounded. In that 
year died Robert, son of '~ king Henry, the man who 
had maintained a war against Stephen for twelve 



nadyeu, B. "' <>. B. 

1 anion, IS. " kcitOat, B. 



170 RRUT Y TYWY80CIOX. 

deudeg mlyned kyn no liynny. ' [Yn] y vlGydyii 
lionno y bu varo Gilbert iarll a [vab Gilbert avail.] 

MCXLVii. Y vldyilyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Yclitrut 
escob Llan Dnt' gOv maJhr y volyant ac amdifiynnGr 
yr eglGysseu, gOrtliGynebGr y elynyon yny ber- 
feitli heneint. Ac yny ol ynteu y bu escub s Kicol 
uab G6rgant ' [escob]. Yny vl&ydyn bonno y bu 
uarO Bernart escob MynyO yny dryded vl&ydyn ardec 
ar Imgeint ao escobaOt gdr enryfed y 4 volyant a 
dy6a0lder a' sanfceidr6yd oed, wedy diruaGryon lafor- 
yeu ar vor a thir, Orth beri y eglOys VynyG y hen 
rydifc. Ac yny ol ynteu y dynessaaGd yn escob 
Daoyd uab Geralfc archdiagaGn KeredigyaGn. Yny 
vldydyn lionno y bu uarG Robert escob Henford gur 
1 [a] oed herOyd yn barnGryaetli ni grefydys achyflaOn 
oweitliredoed cardodeu a hegar bortliOr y tlodyon, ac 
arbennic deguch yr eglGysseu yn gyflaen o dydyeu da 
liyt na lygvit cadeir ''yr ueint' brelat hOnnO o anheilOg 
erlynyaddyr. Yna yd urdGyi Gilbert abat Kaer LoyG 
yn escob yn Henford. Yn y vldydyn bonno y bu 
uaOr uarOolyaeth yn il ynys Prydein.' 

mcxlviii. Y vldydyn rac Oyneb ydadeilaOd Owein 
uab Grufud ab Kynan gastell yn Ial. ' [Yn] y 
vlGydyn lionno yd adeilaGd Kadwaladyr nab Grufud 
gastell ' [yn] Llan Rystut o gGbyl ac y rodes y rann 
ef '' y GeredigyaGn T a ChadGgaGn y vab. Ygkylcll 
diwed y vlwydyn bonno yd adeiladd MadaGc uab 
Maredud gastell Croes Hyswallt, ac yrodes 8 GyfeilaGe 
y Owein a Mcuruc veibyon Grufud ab Maredud ' y 
nyeint. 



■>' : ' Gynire. 



'13. 

'-" ( . 

a Kadwgawn, C. 



volyaiirOjd a dGy6a6] y, TJ. 
y vtint, Ji. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 177 

years previously. In that same year died Gilbert, 

on of another Gilbert.' 

111-7. The ensuing year died Uchtryd, bishop of 
Llandaf, a man of high praise, the defender of the 
churches, and the oppose? of his enemies, in the ful- 
ness of age. And after him came bishop "Nichol, son 
of ' bishop Gwrgant. Jn thai year Bernard, bishop of 
Rfenevia, died, in the thirty-third year of bis episco- 
pacy, — a man of extraordinary praise and piety and 
holiness, — after extreme exertions, upon sea and land, 
towards procuring for the church of Menevia its an- 
cient liberty. And after him David, son of Gerald. 
archdeacon of Ceredigion, succeeded as bishop. In 
that year died Robert, bishop of Hereford ; a man 
who was, according to our judgment, pious and 
abounding in works of charity, and the kind feeder of 
the poor, and the especial ornament of the churches, — 
full of good days, so that the chair of such a prelate 
was not polluted by an unworthy persecutor. Then 
Gilbert, abbot of Gloucester, was ordained bishop of 
Hereford. In the same year there was a great mor- 
tality in a the isle of Britain/ 

1148. The ensuing year, Owain. son of Grufrudd, 
son of Cynan, built a castle in Yale. In that same 
year, Cadwalader, son of Clrufludd, constructed a castle 
at Llanrhystud entirely, and gave his share of Cered- 
igion to his son Cadwgan. About the close of that 
year, Ma dog, son of Maredmhl, built the castle of Os- 
westry, and gave Cyvciliog to his nephews, Owain and 
Meurng, the sons of Cruffucld, son of Marcdudd. 



a' 9 Wales. 



r ' 0, & 1). | *' Not in D. 

7 v, //. ( '. 1). | " J). 



M 



17<H BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

MCXLIX. Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb ydatgyweiraGd Cadell 
ab Gruffud 'gastell Caer Vyrdyn yr tegOch a che- 
dernit *y deyrnas, ac y diffeithaGd' Kedweli. Yny 
ulGydyn hoimo y a carcharaOd Owein vi'enhin Gftyned 
Gynan y uab.' Yny ulOydyn lionuo y delis Howel 
uab Owein 8 Gatuan uab 7 Kadwaladyr y b gefynderO 
ac yd acIiubaGd y tir ae gastell. Ny bu bell wedy 
liyiiny yny doeth meibou Grutfud uab Rys *[nyt 
amgen], Cadell a Maredud a Rys a 11 u gantunt y 
GeredigyaGn ac gorescyn liyt yn Aeron. Yny ulGydyn 
honno y darparaOd MadaGc uab Maredud vrenliin 
Powya dr6y nerfcli RandGlf iarll Kaer Lleon kyuodi 
yn erbyn Oweiu GOyned. A gOedy Had * [y] pobyl y 
ganhorthOywyr b [yn K.unsyllt] ef yd ymchoelaGd y rei 
eraill y kefyneu y ffo. 

Mi.'i,. Deg mlyned a deugein a chant a mil oed oet 
('ri.st '' pan due Cadell a Maredud a Rys veibon 
Gruffud ab Rys d-reiligyaGn oil y gaii' Howel ab 
Owein eithyr un castell aoed yn Penn GGern ynLlan 
Vihagel. A g6edy liynny y goreskynnassant gastell 
J Jan Rustut liir ymlad ac ef. A gGedy bynny y 
cauaa HoOel uab Owein y castell liGnnG y dreis ac y 
is °[wedy Had y eastellyr] oil. Ny bu hayacli 



»' 7 carcharGyt Ywein vrenhin GGyned a Chynan y 
vab. 

11 h ewytbyr 

'' '■' < 'adell, Moredud, a Rys, meibion Grufud aganat- 

as.saut Keredigioii y 



" Not in I). /•;. ' I J. 

- yr. ». '' B. C. D. 

v Not in D. 



THE CHEONICLE OF Tin: PBIXi 170 

1149. The ensuing year, CadeU, son of Gruffudd, 
repaired the eastle of Caennarthen, for the ornament 
and strength of his kingdom; and ravaged Cydweli. 

In that year, u Owain, king of Gwynedd, imprisoned 
Cynan, laia son.' In the same year, Howel, sou oi 
Owain, captured his b cousin, Cadvan, boh of Cad- 
walader, and seized Iris land and castle. It was uo1 
long afterwards before the sons of Gruffudd, son of 
Rhys, 4 to wit/ CadeU, and Maredudd, and Rhys, came 
with an army into Ceredigion, and subdued it as far 
as Aeron. In the same year, Madog, son of Mared- 
udd, king of Powys, through the assistance of Ran- 
dall", carl of Caerleon. prepared to rise against Owain 
Gwynedd ; and after the people of his auxiliaries had 
been slain 6 at Consyllt/ the others turned their backs 
to flee. 

1150. One thousand one hundred and fifty was the 
year of Christ, u when Cadell and Maredudd and 
Rhys, the sons of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, took the 
whole of Ceredigion from' Howel, son of Owain, 
except one eastle that was at Pengwern in l.lanvi- 
hangel. And after that fchey conquered the eastle of 
Llanrhystud, after long lighting with it. And sub- 
sequently Howel, son of Owain, obtained thai i 

hy force, and burned it, ° after killing the garrison 
wholly. It was but a short time after that when 



a ' 7 Owain, king of Gwynedd, and Cynan, his son, 
were imprisoned. 

1,8 uncle 

e' 9 Cadell, Maredudd, and Rhys, sons of Gruffudd, 
granted Ceredigion to 



b. a 1 s c. 

B. » I). 



M 2 



180 BRUT Y TYWYROGIOX. 

wedy hynny ' [liyt-1 P an atgyweiraCid Cadell a Maredud 
8 [a Rys] veihon Gniffad ab Rya gasfcell Ysfcrat Meuruc. 
A gOedy liynny yd edewit Cadell nab Gruffud yn 
HetuarO wedy y yssigaG yn greulawn o rei o wyr 
I )i nl ych ac ef yii hela. Ac ycliydic wedy hynny 
gdedy kyiiTiullaO o Varedud a Rys veibon Gruffnd 
ab Rys y kedernit ac yn gyfun y kyrchassant Wfeyr 
ac ymlad aGnaethant a chaste] I Aber LlychOr ae losgi 
adiffeithaO y wlat. Yn y vlGydyn honno yd afcgyGeir- 
assanfc Oy a oil den gasfcell * DinOeleir ac yd atgyweir- 
yaOd Howe! al) Owein gastell ' [vab] IlOmftre yn 
nyffryn ClettGr. 

Mf'T.r. Yn y vlOydyn rae Gyneb 2 [blwydyn o oed 
Krist dec a dcugein a chant a mil] yd yspeilaGd 
Owein * GOyned a Gnneda nab KadwallaOn y nei nab y 
vra6t oe lygeit ' [ae geilleu].' Yn y vMydyn honno 
y IladaGd "Llywelyn ab' Madadc ab Maredud Ystefyn 
nab Baldwin. Yn y vlOydyn lionno y gdrfehladyr 
7 [Cafcwal&dyr] o ynys Von, 8 [ygan Owein y want] 
ae y bu uarG ° Simon archdiagon 10 KeueilaGc gOr maiir 
y enryded ae deilygdaGt. 

MCLII. Yn y vlOydyn rac Gyneb y kyweiraGd Ma- 
rednd a Rya neibon Gruffnd uab Rys u [y bydinoed] 
y Penwedic. Ac ymlad aGnaethant a cbastell Howe! 
ae '' dorri. Ny bu uaOr gOedy liynny yny gyrchaOd 



a ' '- Cuncda y nei, a Ch&twallawn y vraut oy lygeit 
ay geillii-y rac bot etived ydunt. 

'' K ' 1 darestf'g 



1 B. 
- C. 
3 vll. B. 

* Dinevwr, C. F. 



'■ ap Grufud, C. 
'-■ Not in l>. 
-■ B. C. D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 181 

Cadell and Maredudd 'and Rhys/ sons of Gruffudd, 
son of "Rhys, repaired the castle of Ystrad Meurug. 
And subsequently Cadell, son of Gruffudd, was left 
half dead, having been cruelly bruised by some of the 
men of Tenby, whilst he was hunting. A little after 
that, Maredudd and Rhys, the sons of Gruffudd, son 
of Rhys, having collected their strength, conjointly 
entered Gower, and fought against the castle of Aber- 
llychwT, burning it, and devastating the country. In 
the same year, both of them repaired the castle 
of Dinweileir ; and Howel, son of Owain, repaired 
the eastle of ' the son of 7 Hunifrey in the vale of 
Calettwr. 

1151. In the ensuing year, ~ the year of Christ one 
thousand one hundred and fifty/ Owain fi Gwynedd 
deprived ft his nephew Cunedda, the son of his brother 
Cadwallon, of his eyes l and testicles.' ' In that year, 
°Llywelyn, son of Madog, son of Maredudd, killed 
Stephen, son of Baldwin. In the same year, 7 Cad- 
walader was expelled from the isle of Mona 8 by Owain 
his brother;' and y Simon, archdeacon of l0 Cyveiliog, 
a man of great reputation and worth, died. 

1152. The ensuing year, Maredudd and Rhys, sons 
of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, led " their forces' to IVn- 
wedig, and fought against the castle of Howel, and 
^demolished it. There was not much time after- 



!L ' l8 his nephew Cunedda, and Cadwallon his brother, 
of their eyes and testicles lest they should have an 
heir. 

h ,a subdued 



*C.D. 

Symeon, B. J). Eiuion, E. 

"' Kdynnawc, D. E. 



" Ii. C. 

'-' I). 



182 T Y TYWYSO 

ueibon Rys gaatell Dinbych ; a tbrdy urat nos wedy 

torn y x porth y goreskynnassant y c;isti-ll, ac y 
dodassant ei ygkadGryaeth GOilim ab Geralt ; a 
gdedy daraot hynny y diffeithaOd Rys uab Gruffud 
adiruaftr lu gyt ac ef gastell Ystrat Kyngen. A mis 
Mci wedy bynny y kyrchaOd Maredud a Rys veibon 
GrufFud y gyt y castell 2 Aberuyn, a gOedy Had y cas- 
tellwyr a llosgi y castell diruaOr anreitb ac anneiryf 
a oludoed adugant gantunt ; odyno eilOeith y diff- 
eitbaOd Rys GefeilaOc drwy uudugolyaeth. 3 [Yn] y 
vlOydyn honno y bu uarO Davyd uab y Moel COlOm 
brenbin Prydein. 8 [Yn] y vlOydyn boiino y doeth 
Henri tywyssa&c y Loegyr 4 [a y gOledychaOd lioll 
Loegyr]. Y vlOydyn honno y bu uar6 RandOlf iarll 
Kaer Llion. 3 [Yn] y vlOydyn honno ydaeth Cadell 
uab Gruffud y bererindaOt, ac yd edewis y boll 
uedyant ae allu ygkatOryaeth Maredud a Rys y 
vrodyr yny delei ef. 



mcliii. ,r ' [Blwydyn wedy bynny] y ulOydyn honno y 
bu uarO Ystefyn urenhin y gOr a c gynbela6d urenhin- 
yaoth Loegyr y dreis yn ol Henri uab GOilim bastard. 
A gOedy hOnnO y doeth Henri uab yr amherodres 
y Loegyr ac y 7 kynbalyaOd boll Loeger. 3 [Yn] y 
ulOydyn honno y bu Oarw 8 Griffri ab GOynn. 

mcliv. Y vlOydyn rac wyneb y bu uarO Maredud 
uab Gruffud ab Rys brenbin KeredigiaOn ac Ystrat 
TyOi a Dyfet yn y bumet ulOydyn arhugeint oe oet 
g&r a oed dirua&r y drugared Orth dlodyou, ac ard- 



a % luoed 



1 pyrth, B. 

J Aber avyn, B. D. Aber ' B. C 

auyn. C. i C. 



THE CHRONICLE OF T1IE PRINCES. 183 

wards before tho sons of Rlrys attacked the castle 
of Tenby, and by a night plot, after breaking the 
gate, they got possession of tho castle, and delivered 
it into the custody of William, sun of Gerald. And 
when that was accomplished, Rhys, son of Grufludd, 
with an immense host, laid waste the castle of 
Ystrad Cyngen. And the month of May following, 
Maredudd and Rhys, sons of Gruffudd, jointly 
attacked the castle of 2 Aberavan, and after killing 
the garrison and burning the castle, they brought 
from thence immense spoil and innumerable a riches. 
A second time Rhys victoriously ravaged Cy veiling. 
3 In that same year died David, son of Malcolm, 
king of Prydyn. 8 In that year prince Henry arrived 
in England, * and reigned over all England/ That 
year Randulf, earl of Caerleon, died. 8 In thai year 
Cadell, son of Gruffudd, went on a pilgrimage, and 
left all his possessions and power in the keeping 
of his brothers, Maredudd and Rhys, until he should 
return. 

1153. S A year after that,' that same year, king 
Stephen died, — the man who held the kingdom of 
England through usurpation, after Henry, the son of 
William the Bastard. And after him Henry, the son 
of the empress, came into England, and possessed the 
whole of England. 8 In that year 8 GrifFri, son of 
Gwyn, died. 

1154. The ensuing year, Maredudd, son of Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, the king of Ceredigion and the Vale of 
Tywi and Dyved, died, in tho twenty -fifth year of 
his age, — a man who was extremely compassionate to 



a v forces 



fi gynhelis, 7?. j B Grufud, «'. T). 

7 kynhelin, B. \ ° B. 



18i BBUT V TYWYBOGION. 

ercbaOo y gedernit Orth y elynyon achyfoethaOe ' y 
gyfya6nder. 8 [Yn] )' uloydyn honno y bu uarG Geff'rei 
cscob Llan Daf ar offeren 3 [ac y bu varw Boger] 
iarl] Henford. 

MCLV. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb pan gigleu Bys uab 
Gruffud not Owein GOyned y ewythyr yn dyuot a 
11 u gantaO y GeredigyaOn yn dilesc y kynnullaOd 
ynteu lu ac y doeth Lyt yu Aber Dyli ; ac yno y 
gorffiiysaaGd ar uedyr ymlad arodi brOydyr y Owein 
GOyned ae lu. Ac ny bu bell wedy Iiynny 8 [hytt] pan 
v. oaeth yno gastcll. 2 [Yn] y ulOydyn honno y gOnaeth 
MadaOc uab Maredud arglOyd Powys gastell Tgkaer 
EinaOn yn yniyl Kymer. Yn y ulOydyn honno y 
diegia Mouruc 4 uab Gruffud nei yr dywcdedic UadaOc' 
oc garchar. Ny bu bell wedy hynny yny gyssegrwyt 
eglOys Veir Ymeiuot. 2 [Yn] y ulOydyn honno y bu 
uarw Terdeilaeli vrenliin Conach. 

MOLVI. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y due Henri uab yr 
ninliiTotivs vrenliin Lloegyr, Oyr oed hOnnO y Henri 
uab GOilim bastard diraaOr lu hyt yinaestir Kaer 
Lleon aruedyr dares tOg idaO holl Wyned ; ac yno 
5 pebyllyaG a Onaeth/ Ac yna gOedy galw - [o] Owein 
tywyssaOc GOyned attaO, y ueibon ae "nerth ae lu ' 
ae allu, 7 pebyllyaG aoruc yndinas Basin 8 y diruadr 
lu " [y] gyt ac ef. Ac yno gossot oet brOydyr ar 
brenhin awnact-h. Apheri drychafel clodyeu aruedyr 
rodi kat ar uaes y brenhin. AgGedy clybot or brenhin 
hynny rannu y lu a orue, ac anuon ieirll a 2 [llaOer 
ac anneiryf o] barOneit gyt a chadarn luossogrOyd o lu 
amaOc ar h}'t y traeth tu ar lie ydoed Owein ; ar 
brenhin e hun yn diergrynedic ac aruaOc vydinoed 



1 o, B. I C. 1). a Rosser, B. 

'-' B. '' ni'i Madoc, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF Till: PRINCE& 185 

the poor, and of noble prowess against his enemies, 

ami rich in righteousness. '-' In that year died Jeffrey, 
bishop of Llandaf, at mass, 8 and died Roger/ earl of 
I [ereford. 

1 155. The ensuing year, when Rhys, son of Gruf- 

fudd, understood that his uncle, Owain Gwynedd, Mas 
leading an army into Ceredigion, lie also collected an 
army without delay, and came as far as Aberdovey ; 
and there he rested, with the intention of lighting 
and giving battle to Owain Gwynedd and his army. 
And it was not long afterwards before he made a 
castle there. 8 In that year, Madog, son of Maredudd, 
lord of Powys, made a castle at Cacreinion, in the 
vicinity of Cymmer. In that year, Mcurug, son of 
Gruffudd, nephew to the said Madog, escaped from 
his prison. It was not long after that before the 
church of 'St. Mary was consecrated at Meivod. '-'In 
that same year Terdeilach, king of Conacli, died. 

1156. The ensuing year, Henry, son of the em- 
press, king of England, who was grandson of Henry, 
son of William the Bastard, brought an immense army 
into the champaign laud of Caerleon, with the design 
of subjecting all Gwynedd to himself; and there he 
encamped. And then after Owain, prince of Gwynedd, 
had called to him his sons and his strength and his 
army and his power, he encamped at Basingwerk, 
having with him an immense host. And there lie 
lixed an appointment for battle with the king, causing 
dykes to be raised, with the design of righting a 
pitched battle with the king. "When the king heard 
of that, he divided his army, and sent earls, - many 
and innumerable' barons, with a powerful number 
of armed troops along the strand towards the place 
where Owain was. And the king himself undauntedly, 



v gossot pebylleu aoruc, 13. ' pe pebyiiu, B. 

v uorthoed, B. I " a, B, 



180 BRUT Y TVWVSOGION. 

parottaf y yrnlad gyt ac ef a gyrchassant drGy y 
coet ' [aelwit Koefc Kennadlaoo] aned y rygtimt ar 
lie yd oed Owein ae gyferbynyeit aoruc 2 Dauyd a 
( 'liyiiaii ' veibon Owein yny coet ynyal, a rodi brGyd- 
yr ch6er6dost yr brenhin. A gOedy Had llawer 3 oe 
wyr 7 breid y diegis 3-1* maesfcir 4 [dracheven]. A 
phan gigleu Owein bot y brenhin yn dyuot idaO 
or tu dra °egefyn a gOelet o honaO y ieirll or tu 
arall yn dynessau adiruaOr hi c amaOc gantunt' ada6 
y lie a oruc, a chilyaO aoruc hyt y lie a 7 elwir 
Kil Owein. Ac yna kynullaO aoruc y brenhin y lu 
ygyt 4 [amynet hyt yn Rudlan] 8 yn greulaOn/ Ac 
yna y pebyllyaGd Owein yn Tal LlOyn a Pina, Ac 
odyno yd argywedei ef yr brenhin dyd a nos. h A 
MadaOc uab Maredud argl&yd Powys a °dewissa6d 
y le y bebyllyad vdg f llu y brenhin a llu Owein 
ual y gallei erl)ynyeit y kyrclieu kyntaf awnelei 
y brenhin. YgkyfrGg hynny y dyblygaOd llyges y 
brenhin y Von. A gdedy adaG yny llogcu y gOyr 
°noethon *[diaryf] ar gGassanaethwyr/ y kyrchaM 
tywyssaOc y llogeu 10 ar penllogwyr 4 [y] gyfc ac ef 
* [ar ieuectit adas y ymladeu] cl y ynys Von/ ac 



a n Pennant y vessurad castell. 

'-»' n Ac odyna ydaeth Madoc tywyssauc Powys a 
thalm o hi y brenhin gyt ac ef ar longhev hyt yn 
Aber Menei, ac yno 

c ' 12 deissyua6d He idaO y bebyllu rac 

<T is yr ynys ymyOn 



'C. 

; ' Kynnn n Bnniil, H. 
v o(>yr y brenhin, B. 



B. 
chenen, B. 

S'.mtunt ynn arnaGc, B. 



THE CHBONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 18*7 

with armed troops, the most prepared for fighting, 
accompanying him, proceeded through the wood, 

'called 11 10 Wood of Connadlog,' that lav between 
them and the place whore Owain was; and 'David 
and Cynan/ sons of Owain, intercepted them in the 
trackless wood, and fought a severe battle with the 
king; who after having many of his men killed, 
Bearcely escaped into the champaign land * again. 
And when Owain understood that the king was coining 
upon him from behind, and saw the earls from the 
other side approaching with an immense armed host, 
he left the place and retreated into the place called 
Cil Owain. And then the king collected his army 
together, 4 and proceeded to Rhuddlan ' H in a rage.' 
Then Owain encamped in front of Uwyn ;i Pina ; and 
from thence he harassed the king day and night. 
lj And Madog, son of Maredudd, lord of Powys, 
c selected his position for encamping between' the 
army of the king and the army of Owain, so as fco 
enable him to meet the first attack made by the 
king. In that interval the fleet of the king tacked 
towards Mona; and after leaving in the ships the 
naked 4 unarmed men, and the servants/ the com- 
mander of the ships, with the head sailors, '' and the 
youths fit for battles/ landed ll in the isle of Mona/ 



• aI1 Pennant, to measure a castlo. 

1 '" 1 And then came Madog, prince of Powys, with a 
portion of the king's army, in ships fco Abermenei ; 
and there 

c ' 12 requested a place for him to encamp in front of 

«!' 12 within the isle 



7 elGit, /»'. "' a, /?. 

"' Not in B. » D. 

■ noetfc, B. I '- B. 



18S BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOX. 

yspeilaO a ' wnaethant eglGys Ueir ac eglGys JJedyr 
8 [yn Rossyr] a llaGer o egl6ysseu ereill, ac am 

liynny y gGnaeth DuO dial arnunt. Kanys trarmoeth 
y bu vrOydyr y rygtunt a g&yr Mon. Ac yny 
vrtydyr honno y kilyaOd y Ffreinc lierwyd 3 eu 
gnofctaedic def'aOt gOedy Had llaOer o riadunt a dala 
ereill a bodi ereill ; a breid y diegis ycbydic o 
nadunt yr Uogeu wedy Had Henri uab Henri 
vrenhin a 4 chanmfjyaf boll bennafduryeit y a llogwyr. 
A gwedy daruot liynny yd hedychaOd y brenbin ac 
Owein ac y kauas Kadwaladyr y gyfoeth drachefyn. 
Ac yna yd ymcboelaOd y brenbin y Loegyr. Ac yna 
yd '■ ymcboelaOd Iorwoerth Gocli uab Maredud c y 
gaslell Ial ac y llosges. 



MCLVII. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y lias Morgan ab 
Owein •"' [Gwynedd] drGy dOyll y gan Oyr (i Iuor uab 
Meuruc 7 a cbyt ac of y lias y prydyd goreu, a 
hOnnO aelwit GOrgan uab Ilys.' Ac yna y gwledych- 
aOd IorOoerth uab Owein uraOt Morgan dir Kaer 
Llion a hull gyfoeth Owein. A gOedy gwneuthur 
hedOch o boll tywyssogion Kyniry ar brenbin Rys 
uab Gruffud ebunan adarparaOd gOneuthur ryfel ac 
e£ A •' duunaO a wnaeth' boll Doheubarth ae boll 
■ -anniiyl'-it ae boll da gantunfc byt ygcoedyd Y.strat 
Tywi. A plian gigleu y brenbin liynny anuon kenadeu 
a B 6naeth at Rys y ucnegi idaO not yn gryno idaO 



:L '' llogvu. b a ymladaO.l c '•» a 

(, '°iiiudaO a oruc '' J annuieileit 



1 orugant, B. 
■ E. 

3 y,B. 



1 Nu in D. 
* E. 6ann, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF TITK PRINCES. ISO 

and pillaged the church of St. Mavy, and the church 
of St. Peter, -in Rhoshir,' and many other churches; 
and because of that, God brought vengeance upon 
them, for on the following day there was a battle 
between them and the men of Mona. And in that 
battle the French, according to their accustomed 
manner, retreated, after many of them were killed, 
and others taken, and others drowned ; and scarcely 
a few of them escaped to the ships. Henry, son of 
king Henry, and 4 almost all the chief ofliccrs of the 
;i seamen, having been slain. When that was accom- 
plished, the king made peace with Owain ; and 
Cadwalader had his territory restored to him ; and 
then the king returned to England. Then Iorwerth 
the Red, son of Maredudd, h returned c to the castle 
of Yale, and burned it. 

1157. The ensuing year, Morgan, son of Owain 
"flwynedd, was killed through treachery by the men of 
"Ivor, son of Meurug; 7 and along with him was slain 
the best poet, who was called Gwrgant, son of Rhys.' 
Then Iorwerth, son of Owain, the brother of Morgan, 
governed the land of Caerleon, and all the territory 
of Owain. After peace had been made by all the 
Welsh princes with the king, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
alone prepared towage war with him. And he J con- 
federated all South Wales and all his <- friends, with 
the whole of their property, as far as the woods of (he 
Vale of Tywi. And when the king heard of this, he 
sent messengers to Rhys, to inform him that it would 
be well for him to repair to the court of the king, 



a " ships, ,)0 fought f°with 

(1 ° moved ° ° cattle 



Ioruerth, 13. I R orue, B. 

'■' Not in J). E. ,J //. 



190 BRUT Y TYWYBOQION. 

vynet y Iys y brenhin yn gynt noc y dygei Loegyr 
a Chymry a Ffreinc am y benn ae nat oed neb 
eithyr ef ' ehunan yn B ymerbynyeit ar Lrenhin. A 
gOedy mynet yny gyghor ef ae wyrda ef aaeth y lys 
y brenhin. Ac yno y goruu arnaO oe anuod Iiedyclm 
sir brenliin, 3 dan amot idaO gaffel y Kantref MaOr 
a chantref arall or auynhei y brenhin yrodi idaO yn 
gyfan heb y wasgaru. Ac ni chynhelia y brenliin 
ac ef hynny, nainyn rodi dryll o dir 4 [idaO] yg 
kyfoeth pob barOn o amryuaelon uarGneit. A chyfc 
dyallei Rys y fi d6yll honno' kymryt a ° Onaeth y ran- 
nen liynny ae kynnal yn hedychaOl. Ac ygkyfrOg 
liynny kyt dyfryssyei Rosser iarll Clar mynet y 
GeredigyaGn ; eissoes nys beidei kyn liedychu Rys 
ar brenhin. A gpedy hynny a dydgweith kyn 7 kalan 
MEehevin y doetb y Ystrat Meuruc, a thrannoeth du6 
kalan Mehevin 7 yd ystorres y castell hGnnO a chastell 
Hdmfre, a chastell Aber Dyvi, a chastell Dineir, a 
chastell llystnt. YgkyfrOg hynny y due GOallter Clif- 
ford anreith o gyfoeth Rys ab GrufFudd, ae y lladawd 
* [lladcr] oe wyr 8 y wlat nessaf idaO. Kanys ef bioed 
kastell Llan ym Dyfri. A g6edy daruot hynny yd 
danuones Rys genadeu att y brenhin !l [y venegi hynny. 
Ac ny mynnaOd] y 10 [brenhin] beri ia6n idaO am 
hynny. Ac yna yd ■> ymchoelaOd teulu Rys. n Ac y' 
gastell Llan ym Dyfri 4 [ac] y doeth Rys attimt, ac y 



.v 12 ar lut ]yj h 12 ymladaOd 



1 elinn, B. 

"- ym crhyn, B. 

3 gann, B. 



<B. 

* idyll liGnuO, B. 
' oruc, B. 



TIIE CHRONICLE OF THE PfilNl 191 

before he brought England and Wales and Franoe 
about his head; and that there was none excepting 
himself in opposition to the king. After having taken 

counsel with his good men., lie went to the king's 
court, and there he was compelled, against his will, to 
make peace with the king, under the stipulation of 
receiving the Cantrev Mawr, and such other cantrev 
as the king should be pleased to give him, whole and 
not scattered. Yet the king did not adhere to this, 
but gave *him a piece of land in the territories of 
each out of several barons. And though Rhys under- 
stood that deceit, he accepted those portions, and held 
them peaceably. And in that interval, though Roger, 
earl of Clare, was intent upon entering Ceredigion, 
nevertheless, he dared not, before Rhys had made 
peace with the king. Afterwards, a on a certain < lay- 
before' the calends oi' June, lie came to Ystrad M< u- 
rug, and the daj' following the calends of June, he 
stored that castle, the castle of Ilmnl'ivy, the r.i il, 
of Aberdovey, the castle of Ujnoir, ami the castle of 
Rhystud. In- the meanwhile Walter Clifford carried 
a booty out of the territory of Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
and killed 4 many of the men of the country near 
him; for the castle of Llanymdd3'vri was his property. 
When that was done, Rhys despatched messengers to 
the king "to inform him of that; but the king would 
not' cause satisfaction to be made to him for this. 
Then the family of Rhys b returned; and Rhys joined 
them at the castle of Llanyniddyvri, and subdued the 



a ' 12 on a muggy day of h n fought 



7 yr, B. i ,0 C. 

8 or, B. '"A, B. 
"B.C. I '- B. 



192 BRUT Y TYWYsOOIOX. 

gynna6d y castell ; yna y kyrchafid EinaCn uab 
AnaraOt ' [nei ap y] bra6t yr arglGyd Rys, ieuanc o 

oet a gfiraOl o north. Ac acbaOs gdelet o honaO bot 
Rys y ewyfcliyr yn ryd or mnofc ac o bop" 116 '[or] 
a rodassei yr brenbin. Ac o achate y not ynteu yn 
dolyiyaO kyvarsagedigaeth y briaGt genedyl gan dGyll 
ygelynyon. Yna y kyrcbaOd am benn castell HOmfre 
ac y lladaOd y marcliogyon dewraf a cbeitweit y kas- 
tell o gbbyL Ac due holl anreifcli y castell ae Iioll 
yspeil oil gantaO. Ac yna pan wclas Rys nab Grnf- 
fad na allei ef gadO dim ganfcaG or a 8 rodassei y 
brenhui' idaO namyn yr liynn aeunillei oe arneu, 
kyrcliu a 3 wnaeth am benn y cestyll a darestygassei 
y ieirll ar bar6neifcyg Keredigyafin ae llosgi. A g&edy 
clybot or brenbin bynny kyrcbu Debenbartb a Onaeth 
a lln gantaO. a A g&edy mynycb 6rtbynebn o Rys ae 
v.\ r LdaO ymcboebul awnaeth y Loegyr/ Ac odyno 
yd aeth drGy y mor. 

MCLVIII. Y nldydyn rac Gyneb y darestygaGd yr 
arglOyd Rys nab Gruffndd y cestyll a - * wnatboed y 
Freinc ar drafts Dyfet ac y llosges ' [6y]. YgkyfrGg 
bynny yd arwedaOd y In y Gaer Vyrdin ac ymladaOd 

ac ef. Ac yna y doetb Reinalt nab Henri nrenbin 
yny erbyn a cbyt ac ef dirnaOr luossogroyd o Freinc 
a Normanyeit a Ffleinisseit a Saeson a (Jhymry. Ac 
adaO aortic Rys y castell achynnnllaG y wyr y gyt 
liyt ym in yny d 5 Kefyn Restyr.' Ac °yno y pebyll- 
yaOd yg kastell 7 DinOileir. Reinallt iarll ' [a iarll] 



ft/ 8 A gwedy rodi o Rys ydaw wystlon ef aym- 
cbwelawd y Loegyr. 



'7?. 

- rossoedit, /?. 
3 oruc, B. 



1 ryOnaeth, B. 

1 Kynen Itychtcr mein, B. — a 
Kychter, E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 193 

castle. Then Einon, son of Anarawd, 'nephew, son of 
his' lirother, to the lord Rhys, who was young of age, 
and manly in strength, seeing that his uncle Rhys 
was released from the agreement, and from every oath 
he had given to the king, also lamenting the subjection 
of his own nation, through the deceit of enemies, made 
an attack upon the castle of Humfrey, and slew the 
bravest knights, and all the garrison of the castle, and 
carried away with him the whole booty and spoil of 
the castle. And then, when Rhys, son of Grutfudd, 
perceived that he could not preserve any thing of 
what the king had given him, except what he could 
gain by his arms, he made an attack upon the castles 
that had been subdued by 'the earls and the barons 
in Ceredigion, and burned them. And when the king 
heard of this, he entered South Wales with an army ; 
''and after Rhys and Ids men had often opposed him, 
he returned to England;' and thence he proceeded 
beyond sea. 

1158. The ensuing year, the lord Rhys, son of 
G'ruftudd, subdued and burned the castles which the 
French had erected across Dyved. In the meanwhile, 
he conducted his army to Caermarthen, and fought 
against it ; and thereupon Rheiuallt, son of king 
Henry, came against him, with a vast multitude of 
French and Normans and Flemings ami English ami 
Welsh. And Rhys quitted the castle, and assembled 
his men together upon the mountain of : ' Cevn Rhestr.' 
And there encamped at the castle of 7 Dinweleir, earl 
Rheinallt, * the earl of Bristol, the earl of Clare, two 



a ' 8 and when Rhys had given him pledges, he 
returned to England, 



' yna, B. I " C 

' PinefOr, B. Cornwyllon, E. 



N 



194 BRUT T TTWYSOGTOX. 

Brusfcei a iarll Clar a deu iarll ereill, a Chatwaladyr 
uab Gruffud, a HoOel a Chynan veibon Owein 
GOyned, a diruaOr lu o uarcbogyon a phedyt gyt ac 
Oyrit a heb ueidaO kyrcliu y lie ydoed Rys, ymchoelut 
adref a ' wnaethant yu MlaO segur.' Odyna kynnic 
kygreir y Rys a 2 orugant ac ynteu ae kymerth. A 
chenattau y wyr a 3 Gnaeth ymchoelut 4 y gGlat. 

MCLIX. Y ulGydyn rac Gyneb y Lu uarO Madatic uab 
Maredud arglGyd Powys, y gGr a oed diruaOr y 
uolyanrwyd yr hOnn a fFuruaGd Duw °o gymmeredic' 
tegOch. Ac ae 7 kyflanwaOd o auhybygedic b hyder, ac 
ae hadurnaOd oleGder a inolyanrOyd vfud a hegar a 
hael Orth y tlodyon ; huaOdyr Orth ° [yr] vfudyon. 
O:\iii ac ymladgar Orth y ° alon. GOedy gOneuthur 
iachOyaOl benyt a cliymryt kymmun corff Crist, ac 
oleG, ac agheiin, ac Ymeiuot yny He yd oed y 10 0ylua 
yn eglfiys TissiliaO sant y cladGyt yn enrydedus. Ni 
bu uaOr gOedy liynuy yny las LlyOelyu y uab, y gOr 
a oed unic obeith y holl wyr Powys. c Ac yna y 
delis CadwallaOn uab MadaOc uab Idnerth EinaGn 
Glut' y uraOt ac ydanuones ygkarchar Owein GOyned. 
Ac Owein ae rodes yr Fi'reinc a d thrOy y gedym- 
deithon 8 [ae deulu] ' y diegis hyt nos o u WiceO yn 
lyd. 



»' 8 Gac laO. b 8 Lruder, 

cM - Ac y dalpwyt Cadwallawn ap Madoc ap Idnertli 
ygan Einaun Glut 

l1 ' w °gyS nor y w .V r a Y vrodyr maeth 



1 orugant, B. 
- (maetliant, B. 
3 oruc. B. 



4 y6, B. 

'■ pliurueidaGd, B. 

'■' ae agkymaredic, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRIN< ES. 195 

other earls, and Cadwalader, son of Gruffudd, ami 

Howel and Cynan, with an immense host of cavalry 
and infantry; but not daring to approach the place 
where Rhys was, they returned home with * unem- 
ployed hands.' After that they offered a truce to 
Rhys, which lie accepted ; and he permitted his men 
to return to their country. 

1159. The ensiling year died Madog, son of Mared- 
udd, lord of Powys, the man who was of extraordi- 
nary celebrity, and whom God had endowed with 
acknowledged beauty, and filled with unmatched b con- 
fidence, and adorned with bravery and fame; being 
humble and kind, and generous to the poor; affable 
to the humble; and terrible and warlike towards 
his foes; — after undergoing salutary penance, and re- 
ceiving the communion of the Body of Christ, and 
extreme unction ; and at Meivod, where his burial 
place was, he was honourably interred. It was but 
shortly afterwards that his son Llywelyn was killed,— 
the person who was the only hope of all the men of 
Powys. c And then Cadwallon, son of Madog, son of 
Fdnerth, seized Einon Chid' his brother, and sent him 
to the prison of Owain Gwynedd ; and Owain de- 
livered him to the French; and '■ by means of his 
friends and 8 his family/' lie escaped by night from 



Wiciew, and got his liberty. 



■6 



0/8 empty handed. ,;8 anxiety, 

(/1 - And Cadwallon, son of Madog, son of Idnerth, 
was seized by Einon Clnd 

''' '- by the advice of his men and his foster brothers, 



' kyflaOnudd, B. 

I). 

' i>rtli(iyiiH-l«"iIi'gyon, B. 



111 (.yd ua, />'. 
11 Weckdm, B. 

' f>. 

n 2 



]9G BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

MCLXI. Trugein rnlyned a chant a mil oed oet 
pan ' [ny bu dim. Blwydyn wedy hymvy] uu 
uarw Agharat gGreic Ruffud uab Kynan. 2 [Yn] y 
ulbydyn honno y bu uarG Meuruc escob Bangor. Yn 
y vlOydyn lionno y goreskynnaOd Howel uab Ieuaf 
s [ap Owain] o dOyll gastell ' Daualwern YgkeueiliiOc. 
Ac o achaOs hynny y syrthaOd Owein GOyned yg- 
kymeint o dolur ac na allei na thegdcli teyrnas na 
didanOch neb ryG dim arall y arafhau nae dynnu 
oo gymeredic lit. Ac eissocs kyt kyrchei anniod- 
euedic dristit uedGl Owein " [tj-GyssaGc] deissyfyt 
lewenyd orucwcledigaeth Du6 ae kyfodes. Kanys yr 
uu tyO Owein a gy tiroes vn ryw lu y ArOystli hyt 
yn Linn Dinan ; a goedy "'kaffel dirua&r anreith o 
nadunt ymgynnullaO a oruc gGyr ArOystli amgylch 
trychan <>r y gyt a Howel uab "Ieuan y harglOyd 
y ymlit yr anreith 7 [liyt yngordwr Hafren]. A 
phan welas Owein y elynyon yndyuot yn deissyfyt, 
annoc y wyr y ymlad aoruc, ar geiyiryon a ym- 
choelassant ar ffo gan y Had o Owein ae wyr yn 
y bu vreid y diegis 8 y traean adref ar ffo. A phan 
gyfleuwis y llewenyd hGnnG vedol !l Owein, yna yd 
ymchoelaOd ar y gyssevin ansaOd wedy y rydhau oe 
gymeredeic dristit, ac atgyweiraO y castell a orac. 



MCLXH. Y iil6ydyn rac fiyneb y dygGyda6d °Kaer 
Offa' y gan Owein ab Gruffud ab Owein ab Madni c, 
b a Maredud uab Howel/ 2 [Yn] y ulGydyn honno y 



n ' 10 a bryt y tyOyssaOc, 

1/11 a Moredud a Howel. 12 ap Moredud a Howel 
ap Madoc i vrawd. 



1 C. 
! B. 



4 Wuhvern, C. D. 
4 cael, B. 
" Ieuav, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 197 

11G1. One thousand one hundred and sixty was 
the year of Christ, when ' nothing happened. A year 
after that/ Angharad, the wife of Gruffudd, son of 
Cynan, died. -In that year, Meurug, bishop of Ban- 
gor, died. In the same year, Howel, son of leuav, 
3 son of Owahl/ got possession of the castle of * Tav- 
alwern in Cyveiliog tlirough treachery ; and on that 
account, Owain Gwynedd fell into such grief, that 
neither the splendour of a kingdom, nor the con- 
solation of any thing else, could assuage or draw 
him from his resentment. And nevertheless, though 
insupportable sorrow affected the mind of 2 prince 
Owain, a sudden joy from the foreknowledge of God 
raised him up. For the same Owain moved an army 
into Arwystli, as far as Llandinam ; and after they 
had obtained a vast booty, the men of Arwystli 
assembled together, being about three hundred men, 
under Howel, son of " Ieuan, their lord, to pursue 
after the booty 7 as far as the bank of the Severn.' 
And when Owain observed his enemies coining 
suddenly on, he incited his men to light ; and the 
enemies took to flight, and were killed by Owain and 
his men, so that scarcely a third of them escaped 
home. And when that joy had filled the mind :i of 
Owain/ he returned to his former state, having been 
released from his sorrow ; and he repaired the castle. 

11G2. The ensuing year, ° Caer OflV fell before 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, son of Madog, '■ and Mared- 
udd, son of Howel/ 2 In the same year king Henry 



ll " and thought of the prince, 

y u and Maredudd and Howel. 12 son of Marcdudd, 
and Howel son of Madog, his brother. 



' D 

>a,B. 

■' Karrekgoua, D. CD. E. 


10 B 

11 1) 



198 BRUT Y TYWYBCM 

kyffroes Henri vrenhin Lloegyi la yn erbyn Debeu- 
barth. Ac y doeth liyt yin Perm Cadeir. A gOedy 
rodi gOystlon o RyH idaO ymeboelut y Loegyr a 
wnaeth. Ac yna y lias EinaOn uab AnaraOt yny 
1 gtorc y gan Wallter ab Llywarcb y Or ebun, ac y lias 
CadOgaOn ab Maredud y gan Wallter uab -Ridit. Ac 
yna y kymertb Rys ab Gnifud y Kantref MoOr a 
cbastell Dinefbr. 3 [Yn] y ulOydyn honno y bu uart 
Kediuor uab Daniel arcbdiagou KeredigyaOn. Ac yna 
y I'U uarO Henri ab Artben goruchel athro ar holl 
gyftredin yr Loll yscolheigon. 

MCLXIII. Y ulOydyn rac 6yneb gOedy gOeled o Rys 
ab Gruffud nat yfctoed y l>reiibin yn kywiraO *dim 
OrfcbaO' or a adadssei, ac na allei ynteu ° uuduchockau 
yn aduOyn kyrchu "awnaetb yn. wrawl ' am benn 
cyfoetb Eosser iarll C!ar y g6r y lladyssit EinaOu 
uab AnaraOt y nei oe acbaOs, a thorri 3 [aoruc] castell 
Aber Reidawl, a cbastell mab WynyaOn ae llosci, ac 
atoresgynn boll GcredigyaOn 7 [yr eilweith] a myn- 
yclm lladuaeu a lloscuaeu ar y Fflemisse, a dOyn 
mynycb anreitbeu y gantunt. A gOedy bynny yd 
ymaruolles yr boll Gymry ar ymOrtblad a cbeitweit 
y Ffreinc a bynny yn gyfun y gyt. 

XGLXIV. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y diffeitbaOd Dauyd 
uab Owein GOyned Tegigyl, ac y mudaOd y dynyon 
ae hanifeileit y gyt ac ef byt yn dyffryn ClOyt 8 [a 
oruc ef or boll wlad eitbr dinas Basing y ty a 
seiliasai i dad]. A gOedy tebygu or brenbin y bydei 
ymlad ar y «■ castell aoed' yn Tbegygyl kyfiroi llu 



a ' ° gestyll a oedynt 



1 him, D. 

- Richard, CD. 

3 II. 



1 idaO din, B. 

' vufhodockau, B. 1). 



THE ' llUoMci.i; OF I 1 1 1- PlUNi 199 

moved an army against .South Wales; and he came 
to Pencader; and after Rhys bad delivered ho 
to him, he returned to England. Ami then, Einon, 
son of Anarawd, was slain in his sleep by Walter, 
son of Llywarch, his own man; and Cadwgan, son of 
Maredudd, was slain by Walter, son of 'Rhirid. 
Then Rhys, son of Gruffudd, took possession of Can- 
trev Mawr and the castle of Dinevwr. ;| l]i that year 
died Ccdivor, son of Daniel, archdeacon of Ceredigion. 
And then died Henry, son of Arthen, the supreme 
teacher in general of all the scholars. 

11 03. The ensuing year, when Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
saw that the king fulfilled nothing of what he had 
promised, and that lie could not thus submit honour- 
ably, he manfully entered the territory of Roger, earl 
of Clare, the man on whose account his nephew 
Einon, son of Anarawd, had been slain ; and dismantled 
and burned the castle of Aber Bheidiol, and the castle 
of the son of Gwynion, and reconquered 'a second 
time' the whole of Ceredigion, iterating slaughters and 
Conflagrations among the Flemings, and taking from 
them many spoils. And after that, all the Welsh 
combined to exjjei the garrison of the French al- 
together, 

1164 The ensuing year, David, son of Owain 
Gwynedd, ravaged Tegeingl, and removed the people, 
With their cattle, along with him into the Vale of 
Clwyd, "from all the country, except Basingwerk, the 
house which his father had founded.' And when the 
king supposed that there would be an attack made 
upon the » castle which was' in Tegeingl, he moved 



a '° castles which were 



■ ynn Gra&J aoruc, B. H J). 

'■ E. ■-■/;. 



200 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

aoruc drOy diruaOr vrys a dynot hyt yn Rudlan ' [a 
mynnaasu gwneitlmr castell yno] a phebyllu yno 
deirnos. A gOedy hynny yuiclioelut y Loegyr, a 
chynnullaO diruaOr lu y gyt ac ef a detholedigyon 
yniladwyr Lloegyr a Normandi a Fflandiys ac AngiO 
a GwasgOin a holl a Biydein a d) r uot liyt y Groe.s 
Oswallt, gan darparu alltudaO a difetba yr holl Vryt- 
anyeit. Ac yuy erbyn ynteu y deuth Owein 
GOyned, a Chatwaladyr ueibon Grufud ab Kynau a 
holl lu GOyned y gyt ac 6ynt. Ar arlg6yd Rys ab 
Gruffud a holl Deheubarth y gyt ac ef; ac Owein 
KeveilaOc a Iorwoerth Goch uab Maredud 2 [o Voel- 
mant] a nieibon MadaOc uab Maredud a holl Po"\vys 
y gyt ac Oynt; a deuuab MadaOc uab Idnerth ae holl 
gyfoeth y gyt ac a ef. Ac ygyt yn gyfun diergrynedic 
y doethant hyt YneideirnaOn, a phebyllu a 4 wnaetliant 
Yghoruaen. A gOedy trigyaO yn hir yny pebylleu 
yno heb arueidaO o vn gyrchu at y gilyd y ymlad, 
UidiaO aoruc y brenhin yn diruaOr, a chyffroi y lu 
hyt yghoet Dyffryn KeiriaOc ; a pheri torri y koet 
ae bOrO yr llaOr. Ac yno yd yraerlynyaOd ac ef yn 
OraOl ychydic o Gymry etholedigyon y rei ny wydynt 
odef y goruot yn absen y tywyssogyon. A llawer or 
rei kadarnaf a dvgwydaOd o bo}) feu. "[Ac odena 
yduc y brenhin y lu hyt yn mynyd Berwyn]. Ac 
yna y jtebyllyaOd y brenhin ar bydinoed fi [blaen] y 
gyt ac ef f> [yniynyded BerOyn]. A gOedy trigyaJb 
yno ychydic odydyeu y kyfarsagOyt ef odiruaOr dym- 



a 7 nerth ar GoMed 



1 D. 3 Oynt, B. 

' E. | ' oruc, B 



CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 20] 

;in army with extreme haste, and came to Ivhuddlau, 
1 and purposed to erect a castle there,' and encamped 
there three nights. After that he returned into 
England, and collected a vast army of the choice 
warriors of England, Normandy, Flanders. AjJJOU, Gas- 
cony, and all « IVydyn. and came to Oswestry, pur- 
posing to transport and destroy the whole of the 
Britons. And against him there came Owain Gwyn- 
edd and C'adwalader, the sons of Gruffudd, son of 
Cynan, and the whole force of Gwynedd with them ; 
also the lord Rhys, son of Gruffudd, accompanied by 
the whole of South Wales ; and (J wain Oyveiliog, and 
Iorwerth the Red, son of Maredudd. 2 of Moelmant,' 
and the sons of Madog, son of Maredudd, accompanied 
by the whole of Powys ; also the two sons of Madog, 
son of Idnerth, and their whole country with them. 
And together, united and undaunted, they came into 
Edeyrnion, and encamped at Corwen. And after 
remaining: there long in their tents, without one 
daring to attack the other, the king became extremely 
enraged, and moved his army into the woods of the 
Vale of Ceiriog, and ordered the woods to be cut 
and thrown clown. And there a few chosen Welshmen 
came bravely to oppose him, who knew not what it 
was to be restrained in the absence of the princes ; 
and many of the mightiest fell on each side. "And 
from thence the king led his army into the mountain 
of Berwyn/ and there the king encamped, with his 
"advanced troops, G in the mountains of Berwyn.' 
And after remaining there a t'^w days, he was over- 
taken by a dreadful tempest of the sky, and extra- 



a 7 the force of the North, 



a d. ' a 

B. 



202 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Iieatyl awyr ;l thra Uifeireint glaoogyd. A goedy 
pallu ymborth LdaO yd ymchoelaGd y bebylleu ae lu y 
vaestir ' [gdastatir] Lloegyr. Ac yii gyflaOn odiruaOr 
Jit y peris dallu y gOystlon a vuassei ygkarobar gan- 
lai), yr ystalym o amser kyn no liynny. Nyt amgen 
deu uab Owein a GOyned KadwallaOD a Chynwrio, 
-'[a Howel] a Maredud uab yr arglOyd' Rys a 
'plawer or] rei ereill. A gOedy kymryt kyghor y 
symudaOd y lu liyt yg Kaer LI eon, ac yuo ])ebyllyaO 
aoruc laOer o dydyeu yny doeth llogeu o Dulyn ac 
or dinaBBoed ereill 4 o Iwerdon attaO. A gwedy nat 
oed digaOn gantaO liynny o logeu rodi rodyon aoruc 
y Logeu Oiilyn ac gellOg drachcfyn, ac ynteu ae lu 
a ymclioelaOd y Loeger. Y ulGydyn honno y kyrchaOd 
yr arglOyd Rys kaer Aber Teiui ae cliastell, ac y 
fcorres, ac y llosges, adiraaOr anreith a due. Ac 
achub castell Kil Gerran aoruc, a dala Robert 8 [vab] 
Ystefyn ae garcharu. 1 [Yn] y uldydyn honno dr6y 
gennat DuG ac annoc yr Yspryt Glan y doeth koueint 
vyneich y Ystrat Fflur 6 [gyntaf ]. Ac yna y bu 
uarO Llywelyn uab Owein GGyned y gOr a ragores 
mod paOb o ° deOred 1 [ar deOred] 7 a doethineb ar 
doethineb o ymaelrod, ar ymadrod o voesseu. 



mci.xv. Y uloydyn rac Gyneb y doeth y Ffreinc o 
Benuro ar Fflemisseit y ymlad yn gadarn a chastell 
Kil Gerran. A gOedy Had llawer oe gGyr ydymchoel- 
assant adref yn llaO wac. Ac eilweith yd yinladassant 



:i ' 8 vrenain, Catwallawn, a Kynwric a Moreclud, 
rneibion 



' n. 
- E. 



3 1). 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 208 

ordinary torrents of rain. And when provisions bad 
failed him, he removed his tents and his army to 
the open 'plains of England; and, full of extreme 
ra^e, he ordered the hostages, who had been previously 
long imprisoned by bim, to be blinded ; to wit, the 
two sons of Owain a Gwynedd, Cadwallon and Cyn- 
vrig, -and Howel/ and Maredudd, son of the lord' 
Rhys, and s many others. After taking counsel, he 
removed his army to Caerleon, and there he encamped 
many days, until there came ships from Dublin, and 
other cities in Ireland, to him. And when be found 
the number of ships insufficient for him, he gave 
presents to the ships of Dublin, and discharged them; 
and himself and his army returned to England. The 
same year, the lord Rhys attacked the walls of 
AJberteivi and its castle, which he broke down and 
burned, and carried off a vast booty ; and he seized 
the castle of Oilgerran, and took Robert, 'son of 
Stephen, and imprisoned him. ' In that year, by the 
permission of God and the inspiration of the Holy 
Spirit, came a convent of monks * first to Strata 
Florida. And then died Llywelyn, son of Owain 
Gwynedd, the man who excelled every body in respect 
of bravery upon bravery, of wisdom upon wisdom, of 
conversation upon conversation, and of manners. 

1105. The ensuing year, the French from Pembroke 
and the Flemings came to make a powerful attack 
upon the castle of Cilgerran ; and after many of their 
men had been .killed, they returned home empty 



a ' s the king, Cadwallon, and Cynvrig, and Mared- 
udd, the sons of 



• B. J). I 7 o, B. 

' dedrder, B. s D. 



204 BRUT Y TYWT80GI0N. 

a Chilgerran yn over beb ' gaffel y castell. 2 [Yn] y 
vhydyn honno y distrywyt dinas Basin y gari Owein 
8 Gbyned '-'[Ac yn] y vlOydyn bonny y gdrtladOyt 
l Dienrot nab 5 M6rcbatb oc genedyl ac ydaetb liyt 
yn Normartdi at vrenbin Lloeger y erfynieit idaO y 
dodi yny gyuoeth dracbefyn "\vedy kOynad wrtbad. Ac 
yn y vlOydyn bouno y gOrtbladOyt IorOoertb Gocli 
nab Maredud oe genedyl ac oe gyfoetb ym Moclmaut 
y gan y deu Owein. Ar deu Owein bynny y ran- 
nassant Uocbnant y rygfcunt, ac ydeutb Mocbnant veil 
Raeadyr y Owein KeueilaOc, a Mocbnant is Raeadyr 
y Owein Vycban. 

BICLXVI. Y vldydyn rac wyneb y kyfunaGd Owein a 
'' | ( 'liatwaladyr] meibon Gruffud ab Kynan o Wyned 
a Rys all Gruffud ab Rys o Debeubartli yn erbyn 
7 [a gyrru fo ar] Owein KefeilaOe, ac y dngant y 
gantaG 8 Gaer EinaOn/ ac y rodassant y Owein Vychan 
uab MadaGc uab Maredud 7 [o Wahvern]. Odyna yd 
cnnilla.ssant Davalwern, a bonno arodet yr arglOyd 
Rys kanys oe gyfoetb y dywetit y banfot. Ny bu 
uaOr wedy bynny yny doetb Owein KeueilaOc a llu 
or Ffreinc y gyt ac ef am benn castell 8 Kaer EinaOn' 
yr bOn aOnatboed Kyuiry kyn no bynny. A gOedy 
ennill y castell y dorri a u Gnaetbant ae losgi a Had 
yr holl '"gastcllwyr. Yn dided y uiOydyn bonno y 
kyrcbaOd Owein a Cbatwaladyr tywyssogyon GOyned, 
ar arglOyd Rys ty wyssaGc o Debeubartli ae lluoed ~ [y] 
gyt ac Oynt am benn castell Rudlan yn Tegeigyl, 



1 gael, B, I ' Diermit. B. Dicrmid, D. 

■ B. * Mwrohad, L). 

3 abGrufud, J). \ 6 B.C.D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 205 

handed. And a second time they fought against Cil- 
gerran in vain, without getting the castle. - In that 
year, Basingwerk was destroyed by Owain Gwynedd. 
-And in' the same year, Dierniid, son of Murchath, 
was expelled from his people, and went into Nor- 
mandy, to the king of England, to request him to 
reinstate him in his dominion, having laid his com- 
plaints before him. And in that year. Iorwerth the 
Red, son of Maredudd, was driven from his people 
and his territory in Moclmant by the two O wains. 
And those two Owains divided Mochnant between 
them ; Mochnant above the cataract came to Owain 
Cyveiliog, and Moclmant below the cataract to Owain 
the Little. 

1106. The ensuing year, Owain and "Cadwalader, 
the sons of Gruffudd, son of Cynan, from Gwynedd, 
and Rhys, son of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, from South 
Wales, united against Owain Cyveiliog, 7 and put him 
to flight;'' and they took from him Caereinion, and 
gave it to Owain the Little, son of Madog, son of 
Maredudd, 7 of Walwcrn.' From thence they won 
Tavalwern; and that was given to the lord Rhys, Rfl 
it was said to have appertained to his dominion. 
It was not long afterwards before Owain Cyveiliog 
came, having an army of the French with him, against 
the castle of Caereinion, which the Welsh had pre- 
viously erected ; and having gained the castle, they 
broke it down and burned it, and killed all the gar- 
rison. In the close of that year, Owain and Cad- 
walader, princes of Gwynedd, and the lord Rhys, 
prince of South Wales, accompanied by their armies, 
came against the castle of Rhuddlan in Tegeingl ; 



7 D. I ° Onacth, D. 

" Kereiiiavn, D. '" GarcheitOeit, B. 



200 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

a ac eiated Grthao trimis aoruganfc. A gOedy hynny 
cael y castell ae dorri, ae losgi, a chastelJ arall ' [Pres- 
tattvn heuyt] y gyt ac ef yr '-' molyant y Gymry yn 
hyfryt UudugaOl pa6b yO gOlat/ 

MCLXVII. ! [Yn] y ulOydyn rac wyneb y Has GOr- 
geneu abat a LlaGden y nei y gan Gynan b ac Owein 
■[Gwynedd], 

MCLXVirr. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y rydhaOyt Robert 
uab Ystef'yn o garchar yr arglGyd Rys y gyveillt. Ac 
y due 4 Diernut uab MOrchath ef hyt yn Iwerdon gyt 
ac ef. Ae yr til y doethant y LGch Gannon, ae 
ennill y kastell awnaethant. 

MCLXIX. Y uloydyn rac Oyneb y Has Meuruc uab 
Adam 6 [o Buellt] drOy dOyll yn y gGsc y gan Uar- 
edud Bengoch y gefynderO. Yn diwed y ulOydyn 
In hi no mis TachOed y bu uard Owein GOyned uab 
GrufFud ab Kynan tywyssaOc GOyned, gGr diruaGr y 
uolyant ac anueidraGl y brudder ae uoned ae gedernifc, 
ae deOred yg Kymry, ' [ynn anoruodedie oe uebyt] 
wedy anneuryf uudugolyaetheu, heb omed 7 neb eiryoet 
or arch a geissei, wedy kymryt penyt a chyfies ' [Ian] 
ac ediuarOeh a cliymun rinwedeu corii" Crist, ac oleG 
ac aghenn. 

mi i. xx. Deg mlyned athrugein aehant a mil oed oet 
Crist pan ladaOd Dauyd ab Owein Howel uab Owein 
y braOt hynaf ida6. 



ft/8 ac yno ybiiant fcri mis yn adeiliat castell gGedy 
fcorri y castell y gafsant yno ay llosgi achastefl Pres- 
tattvn ac ^mchwelut adref y ev gwlat yn hyvryt 
lawen. h B ap 



'7?. 

- yuichoolaOd, B. 

3 E. 



Diermyt, T). 

l>. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCES. 207 

»and tliey sat before it three months. Ami then 
they got the castle, broko it, and burned it, with 
another castle, 'Prestatyn also/ to the glory of the 
Welsh; and then every one, happy and victorious, to 
his own country/ 

11G7. ' In the ensuing year, Gurgeneti the abbot, 
and Llawdden, his nephew, were slain by Cynan b and 
Owain 3 Gwynedd. 

11C8. The ensuing year, Robert, son of Stephen, 
was released from the prison of the lord Rhys, his 
friend ; and Diermid, son of Murchath, took him with 
him to Ireland, and they landed at Lough Gannon, 
where they gained the castle. 

1169. The ensuing year, Meurug, son of Adam ''of 
Buellt,' was killed, through treachery, in his sleep, by 
Maredudd Redhead, his cousin. In the end of that 
year, the month of November, died Owain Gwynedd, 
son of Gruffudd, son of Cynan, prince of Gwynedd, a 
man of great celebrity, and of the most extraordinary 
sagacity, nobleness, fortitude, and bravery in Wales, 
invincible from his youth/ after numberless victories, 
— who never denied any one the request he made, — 
after undergoing penance and °holy confession, and 
repentance, and the communion of the sacraments of 
the Body of Christ, and extreme unction. 

11 70. One thousand one hundred and seventy was 
the year of Christ, when David, son of Owain, killed 
his eldest brother Howel, son of Owain. 



n ' B and there they remained three months erecting 
a castle, after breaking down the castle which they 
found there, and burning it, with the castle of Pres- 
tatyn; and they returned happy and joyful to their 
country. '' 9 son of 



6 a, B. 8 D. 

• dyn, B. I " B. C. 1>. E. 



208 URUT Y TYWYSOOION. 

MCLXX1. Y vlOydyn rac uyneb y lias Thomas arch- 
■ cob ' [Keint] gOr maOr y grefyd ae santeidrOyd ae 
gyfyaOnder, 2 ae gyghor, ac 8 [o] annoc Henri urenhin 
Lloegyr y pumhet dyd gOedy duO Nadolic ger bronn 
allaOr y DrindaOt yny gapel ehun yg Gheint ae 
escobaGl wise ymdanaO, a delO y groc yn y la6 y lias 
: [achledyfeu] ar diOed yr efferen. Yn y vlOydyn 
honno y mordOyaOd Rickert iarll Terstig uab Gilbert 
4 v6a kadarn ' a chadarn varchaOclu 3 [y] gyt ac ef y 
Iwerdon. Ac yny kyrcb kyntaf y kymerth Porth 
Laehi. A gGedy gOneuthur kyveillach a Dieruut 
vrenhin a ae erchi y verch ' yn briaOt, ac o nertli 
hOnnG y eauas Dinas Dulyn drdy wnenthur diruaOr 
oerua, Ac yny vlOydyn honno y bn uarO Ropert nab 
LlyGarch. Ac y bn narO Dieraut vrenhin Largines, 
ac y cladGy t yn y dinas a elwit Fferna. Ac 
yny vlOydyn honno y magGyt ternysc y rOg bren- 
hin Lloegyr a brenhin Ffreinc amlad yr arehescob. 
Kanys brenhin Lloegyr a rodassei yn veiehen y 
vrenhin Freinc Henri HywyssaGe BOrgGin a (l ThybaOt 
ieuanc y vrawt meibon oed y rei hynny 7 yr TibaOt 
fcywyssaOc BOrgOin, a iarll Fflandrys a HaGer o rei 
ereill ]>iin wnaeth kymot ar archescob hyt na wnaei 
argyOed idaO byth. A gGedy clybot o Alexander bap 
ryhel yr archescob annon 3 [y] llythyren at urenhin 
Freinc a Onaeth, ae at y meichen ereill. A gorchyinyn 
udunfc dr6y yscymxmdaOt kymeU brenhin Lloegj'r y 
dyuot y lys Rufein y wnenthur iaOn am ageu yr 



y vercli agymerth 



D. *B. 

o, B. 4 ' Straghow, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 209 

1 171. The ensuing year, Thomas, archbishop "of 
Canterbury/ was killed 'with swords/ at the instiga- 
tion of Henry, king of England, — a man great for his 
piety, and his holiness, and his equity, and his counsel, 
on the fifth clay after Christmas Day, in front of the 
altar of the Trinity, in his own chapel, ni Canterbury, 
clothed in his episcopal robe, having the image of 
the cross in his hand, at the conclusion of the mass. 
In that year, Itickert, earl of Terstig, son of Gilbert 
Strongbow, having with him a powerful body of ca- 
valry, sailed for Ireland. And in the first attack he 
took Port Lnchi ; and after having formed a friendship 
with king Diermid, a and demanded his daughter' 
in marriage, with his aid he got possession of the 
city of Dublin, through immense slaughter. In the 
same year, Robert, son of Llywarch, died ; and Dier- 
mid, king of Leinster, died, and was buried in the 
city called Fern a. And in that year, a contention 
was engendered between the king of England and 
the king of France, on account of the murder of the 
archbishop; for the king of England had delivered, 
as pledges, to the king of France, Henry, duke of 
Burgundy, and his brother "Theobald the younger, 
who were sons of Theobald, duke of Burgundy, and 
earl of Flanders, with many others, when he made 
a compact with the archbishop, that he would never 
do him an injury. And after pope Alexander had 
heard that the archbishop had been put to death, 
he sent letters to the king of France, and the other 
pledges, commanding them, on pain of excommunica- 
tion, to compel the king of England to appear at 
the court of Rome, to make satisfaction for the death 



» /8 he took his daughter 



■ due, D. '■ y, B. 

' Theobald. is, I). " B. 



210 brut y tywysogion. 

archescob. Ac Grth liynny anesmOythaO a (maethant 
o bop aruaeth ar y ' tremygu ef. A phan welas 
Henri vrenhin hynny dechreu gGadu aoruo hyt nat 
oe gyghor ef y Has yr archescob, ac anuoji kenadeu 
aOnaeth 2 at y pab ' y venegi na allei ef vynet y 
Rufein dr6y yr achGysson hynny. Ygky irOg hynny y 
kilyafid ran uaOr or ulOydyn. A thra yttoedit yn 
liynny tu draO yr mor y kynulIaOd yr arglOyd Rys 
uab Gruffud lu am benn Owein KeueilaGc y daO 
3 [g an f vercli] ar vedyr y dares tGg. Kanys y gen- 
ifer gOeith y gallei Owein g&rthOynebu yr arglwyd 
Rys y gOrthOynebei 4 [ynteu]. A Rys ae kym- 
hellaOd y daresfc&g itaO. Ac y kyinerth seith Oystyl 
gnntaO. YgkyfrOg liynny ofynliau aOnaeth y brenliin 
yr ebostolaOl ysgymundaOt ac adaO gOladoed Freinc 
ymclioelut y Loegyr, a dywedut y mynnei uynet 
y H.i rostOg Iwerdon. Ac Grth hynny ymgynnulluG 
a oruc ataG holl dy&yssogyon Lloegyr a Chymry. 
Ac yna y deuth attaG yr arglGyd Rys, or lie ydoed 
yn Llwyn Daiiet amgylch yrGyl y ganefc yr arglwydes 
.Vcir. Ae ymgyfeillaG a °wnaeth ar brenliin drGy 
adaG 4 [idaO] dryehan ineircli ; a phedeir mil o ychen 
a a phetOar gGystyl ar hugeint/ l ' A gGedy hynny y 
denessaaOd y brenliin y Deheubarth. Ac ynyr hynt 
honno ar anon (jysc y due gantaO' Iorwoerth uab 
Owein uab GradaGc uab Grufud. Ac o achaGs hynny 
y distrywaOd Iorwoerth 4 [ap YGein] ac deu uab 



ft/ G xiiii o wystlon ar hynny. 

,j/ 7 Odyno yd aeth y Gaerllion ar Wysc ac aduc 
ydinas yar 



1 teruvscu, B. | 3 D. 



TIIE CHRONICLE OF THE PRIV 211 

of the archbishop. Thereupon they became uneasy 
lest they should in any way treat him with contempt. 
And when king Henry perceived this, he began to 
deny that it was through his counsel the archbishop 
had born killed; and despatched messengers to the 
pope, declaring that he could not go to Rome because 
of those matters. In the meanwhile, a great part of 
the year had run out. During that transaction on 
the other side of the sea, the lord Rhys, son of 
Gruffudd, assembled an army against Owain Cyveil- 
iog, his son in law, 3 by Ins daughter,' with the in- 
tention of subduing him ; because as often as Owain 
could resist the lord Rhys, he also resisted him. 
And Rhys compelled him to submit ; and he took 
seven hostages from him. In that interval, the king 
became alarmed at the apostolical excommunication, 
and left the French territories, and returned to Eng- 
land, saving out that lie would go and subdue Ireland 
Accordingly, he convoked to him all the princes of 
England and Wales. And then the lord Rhys came 
to him from the place where he was at Llwyn Danet, 
about the feast on which was bom the lady Mary. 
And he entered into friendship with the king, by pro- 
mising him three hundred horses, and four thousand 
oxen, * with twenty-four hostages/ b After that the 
king proceeded to South Wales; and in this journey, 
upon the river Usk lie took' Iorwerth, son of Owain, 
son of Caradog, son of Gruffudd. And on that account 
Iorwerth, 4 son of Owain,' with his two sons, Owain 



;| " ; with fourteen hostages besides. 
b ' 7 From thence he proceeded to Caerleon upon 
Osk, and took the city from 



s oruc. B. I ' 1). 

o 2 



212 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Owein a Howel a anyssit idaG o Agbarat uerch 
1 Uchtrut escob Llan Daf. A Morgan nab Seisyll 
uab Dyfynwal, o 8 Agharat uereb Owein cbOaer 8 [y] 
lorwoerfch uab OGein gyt :t llawer o rei ereill dref 
Qaer Llion ac y 4 Uosget liyt y custcll, ac y diff- 
eithaOd y wlat hayacb o gObyl. Ac yna y death y 
brenhin a dirnaOr lu gantaG hyfc ym Penuro yr vnvet 
dyd ar <lec 5 o gal an Hydref, ac y rodes yr arglOyd 
B Qeredigyata ac Ystrat TyOi ac °Ystl6yf ;ic 
7 ESuelfre. Ac ynyr haf h&nnG yd adeilassei yr arglOyd 
Rys gastell Al)er Teiui o vein a morter yr hCinn 
adistrywassei kyn no bynny pan y due y ar iarll 
Clar ac y ft dileaOd Robert uab Ystefyn o Nest 
uerch Rys ab TeGdGr ; ar Nest honno a oed vodrup 
y Rys a Robert yn gefynderO idaO. A brodyr 
Robert oed Dauyd escob Mynyd, a G&ilim Bustard. 
Meibon oed y rei byway y Erald ystiwert. Ac yna 
ydaeth Rys o gastell Aber Teiui hyt yggastell Penvro 
y ymdidan ar brenhin y deudecuet dyd o galan 
Hydref a duG SadGro oed y dyd bfamfc Ac yd erebis 
Rys gynullaO y meirch oil aadafesei yr brenhin y 
Aber Teifi ual y beynt baraOt Grfcb eu hanuon yr 
brenhin. A thrannoeth duO Sul yd ymchoeles Rys 
8 ae ethol a Gnaeth' wbe meirch a phetwar ugeint 
Drth eu hanuon drannoeth yr brenhin. A gGedy dyuot 
hyt y Ty (JOynn clybot a " Gnaeth ryvynet y brenhin 
y VynyG y bererinaG ac oflryniaG a <J (maeth y brenhin 



a 10 delhiis 



1 Vvhrit, D. 
■ liiii-u. C. D. 
9 B. 



4 llosces, B. 

" ar, B. 

•• Arwistli, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 213 

ami How el, who had been born to him of Angharad, 
daughter of ' Uchtryd, bishop <>f Llandaf, and Morgan, 
son of Seisyll, :->.on of Dyvnwal, by a Angharad, daughter 
of Owain, and slater to Iorwerth, son of Owain, and 
many others, destroyed the town of Caerlcon, and 
burned all to the castle, and laid the whole country 
nearly waste. Then the king- proceeded with a vasl 
army into Pembroke, on the eleventh day of the 
calends of October, and gave to the lord Rhys Cered- 
igion and the Vale of Tywi, and "Ystlwyv and 
7 Euelvre. And in that summer the lord Rhys built 
the castle of Aberteivi, with stone and mortar, which 
he had previously demolished, when he took it from 
the earl of Clare, and a removed Robert, son of 
Stephen by Nest, the daughter of Rhys, son of 
Tewdwr. That Nesfc was aunt to Rhys, and Robert 
was his cousin ; and the brothers of Robert were 
David, bishop of Menevia, and William the Bastard; 
and those were sons to Gerald the steward. And 
then Rhys went from the castle of Aberteivi to the 
castle of Pembroke, to speak with the king, on the 
twelfth day of the calends of October, and that day 
was a Saturday. And Rhys ordered the horses, which 
lie had promised the king, to be collected at Aber- 
teivi, to be in readiness to be sent to the king. And 
on the following day, Sunday, Rhys returned; and he 
selected eighty-six horses, to be sent the following 
day to the Icing. And having come to the White 
House, he heard that the king had gone to Menevia, 
on a pilgrimage ; and in Menevia the king made an 



a 7 captured 



7 Elvael, D. ] a one, B. 

v adothol aornc, B. I 10 B. C. D. 



214 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ym Myny6 deu ' gappann cor' o bali ar vedyr can- 
toryeit y wassanaethu Du6 - [a DeGi]. Ac off'rymaO 
hefyt a Gnaeth 3 [cl yrneit o aryant aingylch] dec swllt. 
Ac ervynneit aoruc Dauyd uab Geralt y g6r aoed 
escob ym MynyO yna yr brenhin vGytta y gyt ac 
ef y dyd hGnnO ; a gOrthot y gOahadd aoruc y bren- 
hin, o achate gGeglyt gormod dreul yr escob. Dyuot 
eissoes aoruc ef ar eacob » athry clianGr' gyt ac Gynt y 
ginaGa, a Rickert iarll, gOr a * oed o IOerdon, y ym- 
gyfeillaO ar brenhin. Kanys o annod y brenhin y 
b dathoed o IOerdon ; ' a llaOer o rei ereill a gin- 
aOssant oc eu seuyll Ac yn ebrOyd gGedy 6 kinyaG 
ydysgkynnaG.l y l»vnhin ar y veirch. (i [A] gla6 mate 
oed yn y dyd hGnO, a duO gOyl Vihagel oed. Ac 
yna ydymchoelaGd y Benuro. A phan gigleu Rys 
liynny anuon y raeirch yr brenliin aoruc °[or blaen, 
val y gallei uynefc at y brenhin yn ol kymryt y 
meirch} A gOedy d&yn y meirch rac bronn y brenhin 
kymryt aOnaeth vn ar bymthec ar luigeint a etholes, 
a dywedut nat 7 y bot yn reit idaO Grthunt y kymer- 
assei Oynt, namyn yr tain "diolGeh y Rys a vei v6y 
no chynt. C A gGedy regi bod uelJy yr brenhin dyuot 
aoruc Rys at y brenhin, a ° chael daOn awnaeth gyr 
bron y (l brenhin, a' rydhau aoruc y brenhin idaO 
Howe! y uab, a vuassei gantaO yggGystyl ynhir kyn 
no liynny l0 [yn Lloegr], a rodi oet aoruc y brenhin 
idaO am y gOystlon ereill adylyei Rys y dalu yr 



;L ' " a fchri chanhonGr ''' ,2 dacth y Iwerdon ; 

c' "^ Agwedy ev dyuot hyt y Ty Gwin ygyt 
d ' " iygeit, 



'' cantelcop, 1). camel kop, E. 

■ b, a 

J B. I). E. 
1 dathoed, B. 


h kirmaOhn, B, 

'B. 

' yr, B, 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. - 1 •"» 

offering of two choral caps of velvet, intended for 
the singers in serving God "and St. David j' and ho 
also offered 3 a handful of silver, about' ben shillings. 
Then David, son of Gerald, who at the time wai 
bishop of Menevia, besought the king to eai with him 
on that day; but the king declined the invitation, 
in order to avoid an excess of expence bo bhe bishop. 
Nevertheless he came to the bishop to dinner, at- 
tended a by three hundred men,' and earl Rickert, a 
man who came from Ireland to obtain thr friendship 
of the king, for without the consent of the king 
'' had lie come from Ireland ;' and many others also 
dined there standing. Shortly after dinner the king 
mounted his horses; and there was heavy rain on 
that day, which was Michaelmas day ; and he returned 
to Pembroke. When Rhys heard of this, he sent the 
horses to the king, before hand, that he might go 
to the king after he had received the horses/ And 
on the horses being brought before the king, he took 
thirty-six that he selected, saying, that it was not 
from want of them they were accepted, but to express 
his thanks to Rhys more than before. u And after 
having thus pleased the king, Rhys repaired to him, 
and obtained grace before ll the king ; ' and ' the 
king released his son Howel, who had been long 
before with him Iu in England' as hostage ; and the 
king granted him time in respect of the other host- 
ages, which Rhys was bound to deliver to the king ; 



■ v " by three canons, 1,/,a had he come to Ireland; 
c ' 13 And when they had come together to the White 
House, (1 ' " his eye | 



■ diolch, B. 
chaffel, B. 
">JJ. 



" B. 
» C. D. 



■i\i; BBUT Y tywysogion. 

brenhin. Ac am y dretli a dywetpOyt ury yn y delei 
\ brenhin o Iwerdon. Paratfcoi llyges aGnaethpdyt ac 
nyt oed adas y gfiynt udunt. Kanys amser nyOlaOc 

oedj a breid y keit yna yfc aeduet yn un lie yg 
Kymry. A gGedy dyimt ' [gwil] Galixtus bap, erchi 
aOnaeth y brenliin gyrru y llogeu or borthua yr mor. 
Ar dyd hOnnO ysgynnu 8 y llogeu aorugant. Ac etto 
nyt oed gymOynassgar y gOynt udunt. Au achate 
liynny ymchoelut aOnaeth drachefyn yr tir, ac ychydic 
" "'' l!l * >' g)^ ac c *'- Av nos gyntaf wedy liynny 
ydyskynnaOd y h»geu gan 3 Gylan o honaG ef ehun ae 
>> li,iiij> oe wyr ; a thrannoeth duO Sul oed yr vrniet 
dyd ar bymthec o galan Raeuyr drOy IryvrOyd awel 
wynt y dyblygaOd y logeu y dir Iwerdon. * [Ac yno 
ybrigyaOd ef ygayaf hOiuiG hep Oncuthur argyGed y 
Dyr Ywcrdon]. 

mclxxii. Y uUiydyn rac (jyneb y bu diruaGr vardol- 
yaeth ar y 11 u ''[a] oed B [y] gyt ar brenliin yn 
Iwerdon o achate newydder y !l diargrynedigyon wyn- 
oed/ ac o achaOs kyfygdOr o newyn. Am na allei y 
llogeu a newidyeu yndunt vordOyaO attuut y gayaf) 
drOy y dymestladl gandared mor IOerdon. Y ulOydyn 
honno y bu uarG Katwaladyr ab Grui'ud ab Kynan 
vis MaOrth. Ac yny vlOydyn honno yd ymchoelaCd 
brenhin Lloegyr o Iwerdon, gan ada6 yno uarfmeit a 
marchogyon urdolyon drostaO o achate y kenadeu a 
dathoed attaO y gan y pab a Lowys urenhin Ffreinc. 
A duG OCener y Croglith y doeth 5 [hyt] ym Penuro, 
ac yno y trigyadd y Pate hCnnG ; a duO Llun Pasc 



:v ' 5 diarueredigyon uOydeu, 



1 13. V. 5 hOylaG, 13. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 217 

ami also in respect of the tribute, that has been men- 
tioned above, until the kin<r should come from Ireland. 
A fleet mus prepared, hut tlio wind was not favour- 
able for them; for it was a misty season, and then 
scarcely any ripe corn could be bad in any port of 
Wales. .And when ' the feast of pope Calixtus had 
come, the king ordered the ships out of the port to 
sea; and on that day tliey went on board the ships. 
But yet the wind was not favourable to them, and 
on that account he, with a small retinue, returned to 
land. And on the first night after that he ascended 
the ships, himself and all his men steering; and the 
following day, being Sunday, the sixteenth day of 
the calends of December, with a fair gale, the ships 
bent their course to the land of Ireland. ''And 1 1 1 « i • 
he remained that winter, without doing any injury 
to the people of Ireland.' 

1172. The ensuing year, there was a dreadful mor- 
tality among the army that was with the king in 
Ireland, on account of the ;i newness and unfemiented 
state of wines/ and because of the miseries of famine ; 
the ships with merchandise not being able to sail to 
them during the winter, owing to the tempestuous 
violence of the Irish sea. That year Cadwalader, son 
of Gruffudd, son of Cynan, died, in the month of 
March. And in the same year the king of England 
returned from Ireland, leaving there barons and noble 
knights in his stead, and this on account of the ines- 
sengers that came to him from the pope and Louis. 
king of France. And on Good Friday he arrived at 
Pembroke ; and there he remained during that Easter. 



a ' 5 unaccustomed meats, 



4 B. C, I a B. 



218 IJRUT Y TTWYSOGION. 

yd ymdidanaOd a Rys yn Talacham ar y fiord. Ac 
odyno yd aeth y Loeger. A gdedy mynet y brenhin 
o Gaer Dyf liyt y Castell Newyd ar 6ysc anuon 
awnaeth y erchi y Iorwoertli uab Owein dyuofc y ym- 
welet ac ef, ac y ymdidan am hedOch. A rodi kadam 
gygreir aoruc idaO ac oe veibon. A phan yttoed 
Owein uab Iorwoertli gOas ieuanc grymus hegar yn 
parottoi o gyghor y dab ae wyrda y vynet l [y] gyt 
ao dat y lys y brenhin, y a kyfaruu 6r iarll BristaO 
ac ef ar y fiord yn dyuot a Gaer Dyf' ac y *Uad- 
yssant. A gOedy y lad ef yna y diffeithaOd y dat 
a Hnwcl y vraOt a llaOer o rei ereill lieb ymdiret or 
achate bOnnO yr brenhin o neb un mod cyuoeth y 
brenhin byt yn Heniford a Cbaer LoyO drOy lad a 
llosgi ac anreithaO heb drugarcd. Ac yna lieb odric 
ydaeth y brenhin y Ffreinc wedy gossot yr argl6yd 
Rys yn Iustus yn boll Deheubarth. '' YgkyfrOg Irynny 
y debt Seisyll ab 3 Dyfynwal a' Ieuan uab Dyfynwal 
a Ridit drOy dOyll y gan wyr y brenhin, ac y ear- 
charOyt yg kavstell Abergel't-nni.' 



"■' 4 doeth gwyr iarll Brustov o Caer Dyf ford y 
Castell Newyd ar Wysg 

h ' 4 Yn hynny mys Aust ycavas BeisseU a Dyv\ n- 
wal a Ieuan ap Seissill ap llirit castell Aber Gevenny 
odwyll ygan wyr y brenhin. 5 A Ieuan vab Seissyll 
ap Riryt y mis Awst y gan wyr y brenhin drwy 
dwyll yn Abergeuenni. 



1 B. I * Seissyll ab, B. 

3 1 l:\dassant, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES- 219 

On Easter Monday ho had an interview with Rhys, 
on the road, at Talacharaj ami from thence he went. 
to England. After the king had gone from Cardiff 
as far as Newcastle upon (Jsk 3 he sent to require 
Iorwerth, son of Owain, to come to an interview 
with him, and to discourse about peace, giving a safe 
conduct to himself and to his sons. And as Owain, 
son of Iorwerth, a finely grown and amiable young 
man, was preparing, by the advice of bis father, and 
liege men, to accompany his father to the court of the 
king, a a man of the earl of Bristol met him upon the 
road coming from Cardiff/ and killed him. And when 
he was killed, then his lather, with his brother Howe], 
and many others, not trusting on that account to 
the king, destroyed by every means the territory of 
the king, as far as Hereford and Gloucester, by killing 
and burning and laying waste, without mercy. And 
then, without delay, the king proceeded to France, 
after appointing the lord Rhys to be justice over the 
whole of South Wales. b In that interval. Seisyll, 
son of 3 Dyvnwal, and ' Ieuan, son of Dy vnwal, and 
Rhirid were seized treacherously by the king's men, 
and were imprisoned in the castle of Abergavenny. 



a ' 4 the men of the earl of Bristol came from Cardiff, 
by way of New Castle upon Usk, 

b ' 4 Then in the month of August, Seisyll, and 
Dyvnwal, and Ieuan, son of Seisyll, son of Rhirid, 
obtained the castle of Abergavenny through treachery 
from the men of the king. r 'And Ieuan, son of 
Seisyll, son of Rhirid, in the month of August, from 
the men of the king, through treachery, in Aber- 
gavenny. 

* n. i • a 



220 HIlUT Y rYWYSOQIOK. 

MCLXXI1I. Y uliiydyn rac Oyneb y bu diruaOr ar- 
dymer ' ar hinda ar liyt y gayaf ar gOannGyn ;i mis 
Mei liyt (\yd leu "kycbavel. Ar dyd bCnnO y kyuodes 
diruaOr dymystyl yn yr a6yr o 3 daraneu a niyllt' a 
chorwynt a cbawadeu kenllysc, a 4 gla6 yrei adorres 
keigeu y gOyd, ac a vyryaGd y coedyd hyt y Ilaftr ; a 
vyd bryiefc adoefch y uloydyn honno y yssu dei] y 
gOyd, yny diflrOythaOd hayach pob ryO prenn. 5 [Yn] 
y vlOydyn honno ar ulOydyn kyn no hi y collet Iliads 
or dynyon ar anniueileit, ac nyfc beb acbaOs. Kanys 
yn y ulOydyn honno y ganet "[Meuricj mab yr ar- 
glOyd Jly.s " [ap Grufud] o uerch Uarednd uab Gruffud 
y nith verch y ura&t. YgkyfrGg hynny pan yttoed 
Henri urenbin hynaf y tu draG yr mor ydeuth y uab 
Henri ieuaf urenhin neOyd afctaO, y ofyn idaO beth 
adylyei y wneuthur. Kanys kyt bei urenhin ef llader 
oed idaO o uarchogyon, ac nyt oed gantaO ford y dalu 
kyuarOsseu " a rodyon yr marchogyon o nys kymerei 
yneehfiyii y gan y dat. Ar amser hOnnO oed RaOys. 
Ae dat a dywaOt OrthaO y rodei idaO ugein punt o 
vOnei y wlat lionno beunyd yn dreul ac na chaflei 
niOy. Ac ynteu a dywaOt na chlyGsnei ef eiryoet bot 
brenhin yn Or pae ° [nac dan baes] ac na bydei ynteu. 
A gdedy kymryt or mab g3'gor ef a actli y dinas 
Tors y geissaO aiyant cchoyn y gan vdrdeisseit y dinas. 
A phan gigleu y brenhin hynny, anuon kenadeu aoruc 
y brenbin at y bOrdeisseit, y wabard udunt dan boen 
8 y boll da, nat echwynynt dim oe uab ef. A heb 
oliir anuon aoruc wyr da y warehadG y uab rac y 
uynct odyno yn dirybud y un lie. A gfedy adnabot 



1 a, I). v taran a nielli, B. 

• kyfarcbauel, B. I ' ulaOngyd, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 221 

1 173. The ensuing year, there was an extraordinary 
season of fine weather throughout the winter and 
spring, and the month of May, until Ascension Thurs- 
day. And on that day there arose a most violent 
storm in the sky, of thunder and lightning, ami 
whirlwind, and showers of hail and rain, which broke 
the branches of the timber, and threw tin- trees t>^ 
the ground. And tiiat year, some insects came to 
devour the leaves of the woods, so that every kind of 
tree was almost withered. ; ' In that same year, and 
the year before it, many people and animals were Inst, 
and not without a cause ; for, in that year was born 
fl Meurug, son of the lord Rhys, ° son of Gruffudd/ 
of the daughter of Maredudd, son of Gruffudd, his 
niece, the daughter of his brother. In that interval, 
when king Henry the eldest was beyond the sea, his 
son Henry the younger, the new king, came to him 
to enquire what he ought to do ; for, since lie was 
king, he had many knights, and lie had no means of 
rewarding those knights with presents and gifts, 
unless he received a loan from his father; and this 
was in the time of Lent. And his father said to him 
that lie would give him twenty pounds a day, of the 
money of that country., for expenditure, and that he 
should not have more. And he said that he had 
never heard of a king being a man on pay, 6 or under 
/ and that neither would he be. After the son 
had taken advice, lie went to the city of Tours, to 
obtain money on loan from the burgesses of the city ; 
and when the king heard that, he sent messengers to 
the burgesses, to forbid them, under pain of losing all 
their property, to lend any thing to his son. And 
without delay lie sent trusty men fco watch his son, 
lest he should go anywhere without notice. And 



H. ) ' o, B. 

l> ■ en, V. 



222 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

or mab hynny peri aoruc medwi nossweith y gOerch- 
eitweit aoed arnaO olys y brenbin. A gOedy eu hadaO 
yn ' vedwon 'yn kysgu dianc a 2 6naeth ac ycbydic 
o nifer y gyt ac ef hyt yn llys brenhin Ffreinc y 
j r6n. YgkyfrOg bynny yd anuones 3 [Rys ap 
Grufud] Howel y nab hyt att yr ben vrenbin tu draO 
4 yr mor ar vedyi* trigyaO yny llys a gGassanaethu ar 
y brenhin ahaedu r 'y gedymdeithas o bei vy6, ac' ual 
y gallei y brenbin ymdiret y Rys 6 o bei vyG;' ar bren- 
hin a aruolles y mab yn enrydedus, a diruadr diolch 
awnaetli y Rys. Ac yna aflonydu a oruc y brenbin 
ieuanc ar gyuoeth y dat drGy nertli y whegrGn, a 
' 'l'h\ -ba6t iarll BGrg&yn, a "iarll Fflandrys. A tbra 
vy.l y b brenbin yn ymrysson uelly tu draO yr mor 
y dechreuaGd Iorwoerth uab Owein o GOynllOg ymlad 
a Chaer LI ion, y pymthecuet dyd o galan AOst duO 
Merchyr. Ac a ostygaGd y dreis oe rym ae nerth. 
DuO SadOrn wedy bynny, gGedy 8 dala duO GOener y 
dyd kyn no bynny y gOyr aoed yn kadO °y baeli 
A throstunt Oynteu drannoetb y rodet y kastell. A 
gOedy bynny yr eilweith yr cildyd 10 [arbynithec] o 
vis Medi y kyrcbaOd Howel uab Iorwoerth Went is 
Coet. A thrannoeth duO GGener y darestygaOd yr boll 
wlat eithyr y °castell ac y kymerth wystlon o vehel- 
wyr y wlat. " [Yn] y ulOydyn bonno y goreskynnaOd 
hanyd uab Owein GOyncd idaO ebun ynys Von g6edy 
debol O bonaO UaelgOn uab OOein y vradt hyt yn 
[werdon. 



n l2 cbygborwr b " brenbined ° n kestyll 



1 veddOeit, l>. 
- oruc, li. 

3 D. 

4 y, b. 



•'■' ketymeithas y brenhin a uei 
uGy, B. 
"' a uei uGy, B. 
7 Theobaldus, D. 



TTTE CHRONICLE OF THE PRIN< 223 

when the son became acquainted with this, he a 
the guards that were over him from the palace to be 
made drunk on a certain night. Leaving them drunk 
and asleep, lie escaped, accompanied by a small retinue, 
to the court of the king of France, his father in law. 
In that interval, 8 Rhys, son of GruHudd,' sent his 
son Howel to the old king, beyond the sea, with the 
intention of abiding at the court, and serving the 
king, so as to merit his favour if he should live, and 
that the king might confide in .Rhys, if he should 
live. The king received the son honourably, and was 
extremely thankful to Rhj's. ' And then the young 
king harassed the territory of his father, through the 
aid of his father in law, and 'Theobald, carl of Bur- 
gundy, and the a earl of Flanders. And whilst the 
h king contended thus beyond the sea, Iorwerth, son 
of Owain, of Gwenllwg, began to attack Cacrlcon, the 
fifteenth day of the calends of August, being Wed- 
nesday; and he forcibly reduced it by his power ami 
strength. The Saturday afterwards, after having, on 
the previous Friday, captured the men who kept the 
outer court, the castle was delivered for their ransom. 
And after that, a second time, on the second day 
10 after the fifteenth'' of the month of September, 
Howel, son of Iorwerth, attacked Gwent Iscoed ; and 
the day following, Friday, he subdued the whole 
country, except the c castle, and took hostages of the 
chief men of the country. "In that year David, son 
of Owain Gwynedd, subdued for himself the isle of 
Mona, after he had banished his brother Maelgwn, 
son of Owain, to Ireland. 



a 12 counsellor '' " kings c " castles, 



s daly. B. 
" jr, B, 

" li. C. 



" II. 
'- D, 



224 DBUT V TYW7S0GI0K 

MCLXXIV. Y uluydyn rac dyneb y goreskynnadd 
Dauyd nab Owein holl fiyned gfody gftrthlad o honad 

y lmll vrodyr ae lioll ewythred. Y ulnydyn honno y 
delis Dauyd uab Owein Vaelgun y vraOt ac y karoh- 
araOiJ. Yn y vlOydyn lionno y bu uarG Kynan uab 
Owein GOyncd. 

MCLXXV. Yn y uloydyn gOedy liynny y delis Howel 
ab Iorwoerth o Gaer Llion, lieb (rybot oe dat OGein 
lVnn CarGn y :i ewythyr. A gOedy tynnu y lygeifc 
oe benn y perls y yspadu rac meithrin etifed o honaO 
a wledychei J [canys ef oed wir etived ar] 2 [Caer 
Llion Gcdy liynny. Ac yna o deissyuyt gyrcli duw 
Sadwrn rac wyneb y goresgynnaOd Yffreinc] Gaer 
Llion. Ac y gyirassant ymeith odyno Iorwoerth a 
Sowel y vab. Yny ulfiydyn lionno 3 y hedychaOd 
Henri vrenliin hynaf a Henri ieuaf, gOedy diruaOr 
distryOedigaeth Normandi ae chyfnessafyeit "wledyd. 
Ac yna y delis Davyd uab Owein dr6y dOyll Rodri 
uab Owein y ura6t im uam un dat ac ef, ac y carch- 
araOd ray6n gefynneu J [kyuyg] am geissaO cyfran o 
dref y dat gantaO. Ac yna y priodes y brenliin 
Dauyd lifmnfj '° Dam Em' chGaer y vrenliin Lloeger 
drfiy debygu gallel o honaO kael y gyuoeth yn llonyd 
IiedychaOl or aeha-Gs hGnnO. Ac yna y diegis Rodri 
o garchar Dauyd y vraGt. A chyn divved y ulfiydyn 
y gi'irthladaOd ef Dauyd o Von ac o fryncd, b yny 
doeth drfiy auon' GonGy. Ac yna yd ymbarattoes yr 
arglGyd Rys ab Gruftud Grth uynefc y lys y brenliin 
"[duw gwyl Iago apostol] liyt Ygkaer LoyG. Ac 



a " cevynderw h ' 7 ewch 



1 I). I 3 yd, B. 

■ C. ' 13. 



TTIE CHRONICLE OF THE PIUNVIX 22.") 

1174. The ensuing year, David, son of Owain, go! 
possession of the whole of Gwynedd, after he had 
expelled all his brothers and all his uncles. The 
name year, David, son of Owain, took his brother 
Maelgwn, and imprisoned him. In the same year, 
Oynan, son of Owain Gwynedd, died. 

1175. In the year after that, ll'owel, son of Ior- 
werth, of Caerleon, seized Owain Peucarwn, his 
;l uncle, unknown to his father ; and after taking his 
eyes out of his head, he caused him to be castrated, 
lest he should beget issue to govern, ' for he would 
be the rightful heir to' ~ Caerleon after that. And 
then by a sudden attack, the Saturday following, 
the French got possession of Caerleon, and drove 
away from thence Iorwerth, and Howel his son. In 
that year, king Hemy the elder was reconciled to 
Henry the younger, after vast destruction in Nor- 
mandy, and its neighbouring countries. Ami (Inn 
David, son of Owain, by treachery took Rhodri, son 
of Owain, his brother by the same mother and father, 
and confined him in ''strait letters, for seeking to 
obtain from him a share of his father's patrimony. 
And then the same king David married 5 damo 
Emma/ the sister of the king of England, imagining 
that he should be able to obtain his dominion quietly 
and peaceably on that account. And then Rhodri 
escaped from the prison of his brother David; and 
Inf. ire the end of the year, he expelled David out of 
Mona, and out of Gwynedd h until he passed through 
the river' Conway. And then, the lord Rhys, son of 
Ciruifudd, prepared to go to the court of the king 
at Gloucester, °on the feast of St. James the Apostle.' 



a 7 cousin, ]> ' 7 above 



'•' ISmme, C. D. 7 I). 

■ a i>. 



226 r.RUT Y TYWYSOGION, 

yduc ' [y] gyfc ac of drljy gygor y brenhin boll dy- 
wyssogyon y Deheu a uuessynt yggOrtliwyneb yr 
brenhin. Nyt amgen KatOallaGn uab MadaOc o Yael- 
onyd y gefyndorG, ac EinaOn Glut o Eluael y daO gan 
y aerchj ac EinaOn uab Rys o Werthrynyon y daO y 
Hal I. A Morgan ab CradaOc ab Iestyn o wlat Vorgan 
o Wladus y cliwaer ~ [a Gnifud ap Iuor ap Meuryc 
o Seinhenyd ynei o Nest yhGaer] a lorwoerth uab 
Owein o Gaer Llion. A Seissyll uab Dyfynwal o 
Went ucli Ooet, y gOr a oed yna yn briaOt a GGladus 
chdaer yr arglOyd Rys. ECynny oil o dywyssogyon 
:i ymchoelaaaant y\v gOladoed yn hedychaOl gyt ar 
argl&yd Rys y gOr aoed garedickaf gyfeillt gan y 
brenhin yn yr amser hOnnO, drOy ymchoelut Kaer 
Llion drachefyn y lorwoerth ab Owein. Yny lie wedy 
liynny y Has .Seissyll nab Dyffynwal drOy d6yll ar- 
glOyd BrecheinaOo 8 [yn castell Abergevenni] a chyt 
ac ef * Ruffud y aab a Qawer o bennaduryeit GOent. 
Ac yna y kyrchaOd y Ffreinc lys Seissyll uab Dyfyn- 
wal, a gOedy dala GOladus y wreic y lladyssanfc 
GadOaladyr y uab. Ar dyd hfmnG y bu y druanaf 
aerua ar wyrda GOent. A gOedy ygyhoededicka dan- 
llyOychedic dOyll honno ny beidaOd neb or Kyniry 
ymdiret yr Ffreinc. Ac yna y bu uarG Cadell uab 
(liutl'ii'l dr&y orthrdm glefyt, ac y cladGyt yn Ystrat 
Ffhir wedy kyniry t abit ycrefyd ymdanaG. Ac yna 
y lias 5 Rickert abat °ClerynaOt myGn manachladc yn 
yniyl 7 Reinys y gan neb vn anfydladn uynach o 
vrath kyllel'l. 



Mri.xxvr. Y ultiydyn rac 6yneb y bu uarO Kynan 
abat y Ty Gtiynn a Dauyd escob Myny6. Ac yny 



1 77. a D. 

' : li C.E. ' GcfFroi. C. 77. 



THE CHRONICLE OF TTTE PRINCES. 227 

And by the advice of the king he took with him all 
the princes of the South, who had been in opposition 
to the king ; that is to say, Cadwallon, son of Mm Inn-, 
of Maelieirydd, his cousin ; and Einon Olud of Elvael, 
his son in law by his daughter ; and Einon, son of 
Rhys of Gwerthrynion, his other son in law ; and 
Morgan, son of Caradog, son of Icstin, by his sister 
Gwladus, of Glamorgan; 2 and Grufl'udd, son of Ivor, 
son of Meurug, of Senghenydd, his nephew by his 
sister Nest;' and Iorwerth, son of Owain, of Caerleon ; 
and Seisyll, son of Dyvnwal, of Gwent Uchcoed, the 
man who was then married to Gwladus, sister of I In' 
lord Rhys. All those princes returned peaceably to 
their countries, along with the lord Rhys, the man 
who was the most beloved Mend of the king at 
that time, after restoring Caerleon back to Iorwerth, 
son of Owain. Immediately after that, Seisyll, son of 
Dyvnwal, was slain, through the treachery of the 
lord of Brecheiniog, :1 in the castle of Abergavenny/ 
and with him *Gruffudd his son, and many of the 
chieftains of Gwent. And then the French repaired 
to the court of Seisyll, son of Dyvnwal ; and after 
seizing Gwladus his wife, they killed his son Cad- 
walader. And on that day there was the most mise- 
rable slaughter of the good people of Gwent. And 
after that most open and flagitious treachery, none 
of the Welsh dared trust to the French. And then 
Cadell, son of Gruffudd, died of a seven' disease; and 
was buried at Strata Florida, after taking the reli- 
gious h.'ibit. And then & Bickert, abbot of 6 Clerynaut, 
was killed in a monastery near 7 Rlieims, by the 
stab of a knife, from a faithless monk. 

L176. The ensuing year died Cynan, abbot of the 
White House, and David, bishop of Menevia, after 



'' Richard, D. i ' Remyg, II. C. Hamson, D. 

Clerval, I). CleryuaOt. II. 

p 2 



228 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ol y denessaaOd 'Pyrs ynescol). Ac yna y kynhalyaftd 
vi- arglGyd Bya wled arbennic yn castell Aber Teiui, 
ac y gossodes deu ry6 anirysson vn Wig y beird ar 
'-' j»rydydyon, ar Hall' r&g 3 [y] telynoryon *a chryth- 
oryou a phibydyon ac amryuaelon gerd arwest ; a 
ddy gadeir a ossodes y vudugolyon yr amryssoneu. 
A i- rei hynny agyfoethoges ef o diruaOryon rodyon. 
Ac yna y cauas gGas ieuanc oe lys 3 [ci*] e hunan 
•"' [inab i Cibon Grythwr] y nudugolyaeth o gerd 
arwest, a g6yr GOyned agauas y nudugolyaeth o gerd 
dauaOt. A phaOb or kerdoryon ereill a gaGssant y gan 
yr arglGyd Rya kymeint ac a archyssant hyfc na 
CirthladOyt neb. Ar wled lionno a gyhoedet vlGydyn 
kyn y gOneuthur ar liyt Kymry a Lloegyr a °Phryd- 
ein ac JOerdon a llaOer o wladoed ereill. Yn y 
iiliiydvu honno yny GraGys 7 yd ymgynullaGd kyghor 
liyt yn Lhmdein Grth gadarnbau kyfreitheu yr egl6ys- 
seu yno geir bronn kardinal o Rufein a dathoed yno 
Grth y neges honno. A gOedy meithryn cynnGryf y 
r(ig nrclicscoli Keint ac arehescob lore y teruysgGyt 
y kyghor. Kanys ydyd kyntaf or kygor a yd achub- 
asaei arehescob Tore eistedua y gadeir or tu deheu 
\ i- cardinal yny lie y "dylyer ac y gnottaei arch- 



:i '" kyrehu aoruc archescop Keint lie (Iridic vot : 
atlminnoeth yd achubawt arehescob Caer Efrauc y 
lie hwnnw yngwyd y cardinaliet, 10 kanys archesgob 
Keint a achubassei eisdedua yn gyntaf ac val yr oed 
y deu esgob drannoeth yn ymrysson am eu teilyng- 
dodau yggwyd y kardinal, 



1 Perya, D. 

'-" prydyon, ac arall, D. 

• B. 



4 ar, B. 

6 I'lirvdvn, I). 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 229 

whom ' Pyrs succeeded as bishop. And the lord Rhys 
held a grand festival at fche rustic of Aberteivi, 
wherein he appointed two sorts of contention ; one 
between the bards and poets, and the other between 

the harpers, fiddlers, pipers, and various performers 
of instrumental music; and he assigned two chairs for 
the victors in the contentions; and these he enriched 
with vast gifts. A young man of his own court, 
5 son to Cibon the fiddler/ obtained the victory in 
instrumental song; and the men of Gwyitedd obtained 
the victory in vocal song ; and all the other minstrels 
obtained from the lord Khys as much as they asked 
for, so that there was no one excluded. And that 
festival was proclaimed a year before it was held, 
throughout Wales and England and " Prydyn and 
Ireland, and many other countries. In that year, in 
Lent, a council was assembled in London, for confirm- 
ing the laws of the churches there, in the presence of 
a cardinal who had come from Rome on that business. 
And a dispute having been fostered between the arch- 
bishop of Canterbury and the archbishop of York, 
the council was thrown into confusion. For on the 
first day of the council !l the archbishop of York had 
secured the seat in the chair, on the tight side of the 
cardinal, where it was due and customary for the arch- 



a ' 3 the archbishop of Canterbury proceeded to the 
place where he ought to be ; and the following day 
the archbishop of York secured that place in the 
presence of the cardinals, ~ for the archbishop of 
Canterbury had first secured his seat, and as the 
two archbishops were the next day disputing for their 
privileges, in the presence of the cardinal, 



8 dylyei, li. 



D. 

1 C. 



230 LRUT v tyw v SOOION. 

escob Keint eisted. A bbrannoetb pan doethant ger 
brunn y cardinal wedy amrysson ygg&yd yr boll lys 
am y teilygdodeu,' y deutli y rei or tu drachefyn y 
archescob lore ac ydymcboelassant y gadeir yny vyd 
gOegil yr archescob yr Iladr ar gadeir ar y vchaf ac 
fiynteu ar y drafts ef gan y satliru ae traet, ae flfustaO 
ae dyrneu ' [yny vu]. A breid y diegbis yr arch- 
escob yn vyO odyno. 



mclxxvii. Y ulOydyn rac 6yneb y lias EiuaOn Glut, 
ac y lias Morgan uab Maredud. Ac yna yd adeilaOd 
yr arglOyd Rys gastell Rayadyr GGy. 

mci.xxviii. ' [Yn] y ulOydyn rac uyneb y ryfelaOd 
meibon Kynan 8 [ap Owein GwyneddJ yn erbyn yr 
arglOyd Rys. 

mclxxix. Ac yna y lias KadwallaOn. Ae y deeh- 
reuOyt coueint y ManacblaOc Gaer Llion 8 [ar Wysg] 
yr honn aelwir Deuma :J [\n nant 4 Teyrnon]. 

mlxxx. Pedwar ugein mlyned a chant a mil oed 
oefc Crist pan uu varO Alexander bap. Ac yn y ol 
ynteu y doeth yn bap Lucius. Ac yna y bu uarO 
Adaf escob B LlanelyO yn Ryt ycben, ac y cladOyt y 
niydn manacblaOc " Osnei. 

MCLXXXI. 7 [Ny bu dim or a dycket ar gof yny 
vlwydyn bonno]. 

mclxxxii. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y Has RandolfF 
'"Depoyr a :i Uu\ver o varchogyon y gyfc ac ef y gan 
ieuenetit ° Caer Wynt.' 



10 



yeh ydie 



1 />'. | ' Thirnon, C. 

- /:. » Llan etOy, S. Si-int AssapL, I). 



D. | - 6 Osvncy, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCEtJ. 231 

bishop of Canterbury to sit. The following day, when 
they came into the presence oJ tin- cardinal, after 
disputing before the whole OOUrt for their privileges,' 
tliere came some persons behind the archbishop of 
York and overturned the chair, bo that the baci of 
the archbishop's head came upon the floor, with the 
chair Upon him, and they across him, treading him 
with their feet, and culling him with their lists, 
1 while he was there/ so that the archbishop scarcely 
escaped from thence alive. 

1177. The ensuing year, Einon dud was slain; 
and Morgan, son of MCaredudd, was slain. And then 
the lord Rhys erected the eastle of llhaiadr Gwy. 

1178. 'In the ensuing year, the sons of Cynan, 
son of Owain Gwynedd, warred against the lord 
Rhys. 

117.9. And then C&dwallon was killed. And the 
society was established in the monastery of Caerleon 
3 upon Usk/ which is called Deuma, ''in the Glen of 
Teymon/ 

1180. One thousand one hundred and eighty was 
the year of Christ, when pope Alexander died ; and 
after him Lucius became pope. And then Adam, 
bishop of Llanelwy, died at Oxford, and was buried 
in the monastery of Osney. 

1181. 'There was nothing, which was put on record, 
in that year/ 

1182. The ensuing year, Bandulf Dc Poer, and 
a raany knights with him, were killed by the youths 
D of Winchester/ 



al ° a few 



7 C. N "o Went, D. 

8 do Poer, D '" J). 



BRUT Y TrWYSOGION. 

MCLXXXUI. Y vluydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Henri 
1 ieuaf urenhin lAoegyr.' Ac y bu uarO ~ Rickert 
archescob Keint. 

mclxxxiv. Y ul6ydyn rac 6yneb y bu uarO Ryderch 

abat y Ty C«6yn. A Meuruc abat y Cwm Hir. 

Mfi.xxxv. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb amgylch y Gara6ya 

y doeth padriarcli Cai-russaleni liyt yn Llnegyr y 
eruynieit nerth y gaii y brenbin rac distryG or 
IdeOon ar Sarassinyeit holl Gaerussalem. A chyt ac 
amylder varchogyon a phedyt ydymchoelaGd dra- 
chefyn y Gaerussalem. Yny uloydyn honno duG calan 
Mei y symudaOd yv lieul y 1H6, ac y dywaOfc rei 
uot a erni dittyc. '' ( Yn] y vldydyn honno y 1 >vi oarG 
Dauyd abat Ystrat Fflur. Ac y bu uarO Howel uab 
Ieuaf 5 [ap Owein] argloyd Artystli, ac y cladOyt yn 
enrydedus yn Ystrat Flur. Ac °yna y bu uarO EinaGn 
uab Kynan. 

MCLXXXVI. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Lucius 
bap. Ac yny lc yd urdOyt y trydyd Vrbanus yn 
bap. Yny vlOydyn honno amgylch mis GorfYenna 
ydaeth cofeint Ystrat Flur y RedynaOc VeJen Yg- 
gOyned. Ac yna y bu uarO 7 Pedyr abat yn dylfryn 
OlGyt.' Ac yna y lias Katwaladyr uab liys * [yn 
lledrat] yn Dyfet, ac y cladOyt yn y ° ty GOynn 8 [ar 
Dal"]. Yn y ulOydyn honno y bu uarO Ithel abat 
10 Ystrat Marchcll/ Ac yna y lias Owein uab MadaOc 
gOr maOr y uolyant. Kanys cadarn oed athcc, achar- 
edic a liael, ac adurn o voesseu da H [yn Garrec Gova] 
y gan den uab Owein KyveilaGc, nyt amgen Gfienfiyn- 
Oyn a u ChatwallaOn, a hynny drOy nossaOl urat athOyll. 
Ac yna y delit Llywelyn uab KatwallaOn yn enwir y 



" urenhin I.locgyr yr ieuhaf, B. 
• llichanl, D. 
3 araei, IS. 



B. 
E. 

odyno, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 233 

11 S3. The ensuing year, Henry the younger, king 
of England, died; and 'Rickert, archbishop of Can 

tcihury, died. 

1184. The ensuing year died Rhyddercli, abbot 
of the White J louse; and Meuni", al»l>ot <>f ('win 
J Mr. 

1185. The ensuing year, about Lent, the patriarch 
of Jerusalem came to England, to request aid from 
the king, lest the Jews and Saracens Bhould destroy 
all Jerusalem; and with a multitude of cavalry and 
infantry lie returned back to Jerusalem. In that year, 
on the calends of May, the sun changed its colour, 
and some said there was an eclipse of it. '' In thai 
year David, abbot of Strata Florida, died ; and 
llowel, son of Ieuav, 6 son of Owain/ lord of Arwystli, 
died, and was honourably buried at Strata Florida; 
and then Einon, son of Cynan, died. 

1186. The ensuing year, pope Lucius died; and in 
his stead Urbanus the Third was consecrated pope 
In the same year, about the month of July, the 
convent of Strata Florida removed to Rhedynog 
Velen in Gwynedd. And then died 7 Peter, abbot, in 
the Vale of Clwyd.' And then Cadwaladcr, son of 
Rhys, was 8 privately killed in Dyved, and was buried 
in °the White House' 8 upon Tav.' In that year 
Ithel, abbot 10 of Ystrad Marchell/ died. And then 
Owain, son of Madog, was slain, — a man of greal 
celebrity; for he was powerful and comely and amiable 
and generous, and a pattern of good manners — H at 
Careghova/ by the two sons of Owain Cyveiliog, to 
wit, Gwenwynwyn and J1 Cadwallon, and that by noc- 
turnal treachery and plot. And then Llywelyn, son 



" Perys abat Clervall, D. I "" or Trailing, D. 

*V.' " Chaswallawn, D. C. 

v Ystrat Ffur, ZJ, I 



234 r V TVWYSUG10N. 

gan y vrodyr, ac y tynnOyt y iygeit oe benn. Ac 
yna y diffeifchaGd ac y llosges MaelgOn uab Rys l [o 
ddioubartlt] Dinbych. Y gOr a oed ;i daryan achedi'i-nit 
yr doll Deheu. K.uiys egluraf oed y glot a thee a 
charedic oed gan baOp, kyt bei kymbedraGl y aeint 
garO wrth y elynyon, hegar forth y gedymdeithon, 
paraOt y rodyon, ImdugaGl yn ryuel. Ar lioll tyGys- 
sogyon kyt amhi nogyon ac cf ae hergrynynt, kyffelyb 
y leO yny weitliredoed, ac megys keneu lied aruthur 
yny helua, y gOr a ladaOd llaOer or Flandraswyr ac 
ae gyrraGd ar fib. 



mclxxxvih. Y uliydyn rae Oyneb y doeth y '-Sai- 
assinycit ar IdeGon' y Gaerussalem gan dOyn y groc 
gantiint. dn'i Merehur y LludO agoresgyn Kaeru.s- 
saliin, a chymeint ac aga6ssant o Gristonogyon yndi 
Had rci aOnaetlianl a dOyn ereill ygkeithiwet. Ac o 
achats hynny y kymerth Pliylip vrenhin Ffreinc, a 
Henri urenhin Lloegyr, ac ' [Baklewyn] archescob 
Keint ac anneiryi* o luossogrOyd Gristonogyon ac ar- 
Oydon Croes Grist arnunt. 

mclxxxix. 2 [Yn] y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uar6 
Henri vrenhin, ac yny ol ynteu y coronet 3 Kickert y 
uab yn vrenhin y marchaOc goreu a gleOaf. Y ulOydyn 
honno y goresgynnaid yr argl6yd Ilys gastell 4 Seint 
Clcr.' ac Aber Goran, a Llan Yystyffan. Yn y ulOydyn 
honno y delit MaelgOn uab Rys °[lleufer a thegweh ac 
adwyndra atliaryan achdernyt holl deheubarth ay lydit 



11 G trayan 

''' 7 Paganyeit ar Sarassinyeifc 



1 J). I 3 Richard, D. 

- D. | " Seinther, D. 



Tin: « URONICLE OF THE PRIN< I 235 

of Cadwallon, was unjustly seized by hia brothers, 
and his eyes were taken out of liis bead. And then 
Maelgwn, sou of Bhys, 'from the South' ravaged and 
burned Tenby; — the man who was the * shield and 
strength of all the South ; for his fame was most 
manifest, and he was comely, and beloved hy all ; 
though of middling size, he was fierce towards his 
enemies, amiable towards his friends, ready of gifts, 
victorious in Avar. And all the princes bordering upon 
him dreaded him, being like a lion in his act inn. 
and like a dreadful lion's whelp in the chase — the 
man who slew many of the Flemings, and put them 
to flight. 

( 188. The ensuing year, the b Saracens and the .lews 
came to Jerusalem, took possession of the Cros 
Ash Wednesday, and subdued Jerusalem ; and of as 
many Christians they found therein, they killed some, 
and took the others into captivity. And on that 
account Philip, king of France, and Henry, king of 
England, and ' Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, 
with an innumerable host of Christians, took upon 
them the signs of the cross of Christ. 

1189. 2 In the ensuing year king Henry died ; and 
after him Richard his son was crowned king — the 
best and bravest knight. That year the lord Rhys 
took possession of the castles of 4 St. Clare' and Aber 
Corran and Llanstephan. In that year Maelgwn. son 
of Rhys, 6 the light and beauty and courtesy and 
shield and strength and liberty of all the South, and 



a fl third part 



'»' 7 Pagans and Saracens 



a I ' a i). 

B. I 



236 BRUT V TYWYSOGIOX. 

arathder y Saesson ymarchoc goreu oil Gwalclnnei] y 
gan y dat drty gyglior Rys y uraOt ac y carcharOyt. 

MCXC. Deg mlyned a phedwar ugein achanfc ami] 

oed oet Crist pan aeth Pliylip vrenhin Ff'reinc, a 
'Rickert vrenhin Lloegyr ac 2 [Baldewyn] arehescob 
Kcint a diruaOr luossogrOyd o ieirll abaxOneit y gyt 
ac Oynt y Gaerussalem. Y ulOydyn honno yd adeilaOd 
yr argldyd Rys gastell Ketweli. Ac y bu uarO GOen- 
llian ucrch Rys vlodeu a thcgOcli lioll Gymry. 

MCXCI. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Gruffud 
MaelaOr ; ' [brenhin Powys] yr haolaf holl tywys- 
sogyon Kymry ' [ac y Meivod y kladpwyd ef yu 
anrydeddua]. Y ulOydyn honno liefyfc y bu uarG GGi- 
aOn escob Bangor gOr maOr y grefyd ac enryded ae 
deilygdaOt. Ac y bu diffyc ar yr lieul. Y ulCydyn 
honno y bu uarO °[Baldewyn] arehescob Keiiifc. Ac 
yna y lias EinaOn or Porth y gan y vraOt. Ac y 
goresgynna&d yr argl6yd Rys gastell °Niuer. Ac y bu 
uarO Owein 7 [ap Grufud] uab Rys yn Ysfcrat Flur. 

MCXCII. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y diehegis 8 Mada&c 
uab Rys o garchar 4 [Rys i dad] arglOyd BrechoinaOe. 
Ac y gorescyxmaOd yr arglOyd Rys gastell 9 Llan y 
Iladein.' Ac y bu uarO Gruffud uab CadOgaOn. 

MCXCIII. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y delis neb un iaill 
1 Rickert vrenhin Lloegyr ac ef yn dyuot o Gaerus- 
salem, ac y dodet ygkarcbar yr amheraGdyr. A thros 
y ellygda&t ef y bu diruaOr dreth dros Oyneb holl 
Loegyr y gymeint ac nat oed I0 yn helO ]l eglfiysswyr 
na chrefydwyr uac eur nac aryant hyt yn. oct y 



1 Richard, JD. 
• D. C. D. 
3 D. 



5 B.C.D.E. 

6 Dyuciuir, I). Dineuwr, 11. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 237 

lln- terror of the Saxons, the best knight, second to 
Gwalchmai/ was seize. I by his rather, by the advice 
of liis brother Rhys, and was imprisoned. 

11!)0. One thousand one hundred and ninety was 
the year of Christ, when Philip, king of France, and 
Richard, king of England, and '-' Baldwin, archbishop 
of Canterbury, with an immense multitude of earls 
and barons, went to Jerusalem. That year the lord 
Rhys built the castle of Cydweli. And Gwenllian, 
daughter of Rhys, died — the flower and ornament of 
all Wales. 

1191. The ensuing year, Gruffudd Maelor, ''king 
of Powys/ died — the most generous of all the princes 
of Wales — 4 and was honourably buried in Meivod.' 
That year also Gwion, bishop of Bangor, died — a 
man of great piety, and honour, and merit. And an 
eclipse of the sun occurred. The. same, year 6 Baldwin, 
archbishop of Canterbury, died. And then Einon of 
Forth was killed by bis brother. And the lord Rhys 
took the castle of "Nyver. And Owain, 7 son of Gruf- 
fudd/ son of Rhys, died at Strata Florida. 

1192. The ensuing year, B Madog, sen of Rhys, es- 
caped from the prison of 4 Rhys bis father/ the. lord 
of Brecheiniog. And the lord Rhys took the castle 
of "Llanuhadein. And Gruffudd, son of Cadwgan, 
died. 

1193. The ensuing year, a certain earl seized 
Richard, king of England, as he was returning from 
Jerusalem ; and he was confined in the prison of the 
emperor. And for his liberation, there was an exten- 
sive tax over all England ; and such was its extent 
that there was not in the possession of churchmen or 
religious professors, either gold or silver, not even the 



'■ D. E. i ,0 ar, B. 

s Maelgwn, 77. C. D. » eglGyssGr, B. 

" Llanmadein, J). I 



2.38 BRUT Y TYWYS0010N. 

1 carecleu adotrefyn yr eglGysseu ar ny orffei y dodi 
oil ymedyant sOydogyon y brenhin ar dcyrnas Orth 
y rodi droataO 8 [ef]. Y ulOydyn honno y darestygaGd 
Iiodii u;il) Owein ynya Von drGy nertli 3 [meibion] 
'< iOrthrych urenhin ManaG. A chyn penn y vlOydyn y 
g6rtladGyt y gan ueibon Kynan uab Owein 5 [Gwynedd 
i neiaint]. Y ulOydyn honno noa Nadolic y doeth 
teulu Maelgta uab Rys abliuieu gantunt y dorri eas- 
tell Ystrat Meuruc, ac a yd ennillassant ' y kastell. Y 
ulOydyn lionno y kauas Howel Seis ab yr arglOyd 
Itys gastell Uois drOy unit. Ac ydeli.s Phylip uab 
QOia keitOat y castell ae wxeic ao deu uab. A gOedy 
gOelet or dywededic Howel na allei ef gadG y kestyll 
-ill heb v&rO rei yr IlaOr, ef a ganhadaOd y deulu ac 
y deulu - [MaelgOyn] y vraOt torri kastell Llan y 
Sadein ae distry6. A phau gigleu y Fflandrassyeit 
hynny kynnullaO a ° Onaethant yn dirybud yn erbyn 
y deu uroder, ae kyrchu, a Had llawer oe gOyr, ae 
gyrru 2 [Oynteu] ar fib. Ac yny He gOedy liynny 
ymchoelut awnaeth y Kymry, ac yrngynnullaO ygkylcli 
y castell, ac Orth y hewyllys y 7 distryOyt liyt y IlaOr. 
Y ulOydyn honno y delis 8 AnaraOt ° [vab Rys o 
cliw.-infc y hydawl gyfoeth] YadaOc a Howel y urodyr 
ac yd yspeihvul "' (ynt oc eu Ilygeit.' 



MCXCTV. 9 [Yn] y ul6ydyn lionno y rodes MaelgOn 
uab Rys gastell Ystrat Meuruc "y vraOt 3 [dros y 



a' '-' ydryllassant 



1 caregyl, B. 

» l>. 



* Godrich, TJ. 
orngant, /'. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 239 

sacred vessels and furniture of the churches, btri was 
obliged to lie all given into the bands of the officers 
of the king and the kingdom, to he applied for his 
ransom. That year, Rhodri, son of Owain, subjugated 

the isle of Mona, through the aid of ;1 the sons o!" 
Godricb, king of Mud ; but before the cud of the year 
he was expelled by the sons of (.'yuan, son of Owain 
5 Gwynedd, his nephews.' The same year, on Christ- 
mas eve, the family of Maelgwn, son of Rhys, brought 
missiles with them to break down the castle of Ystrad 
Meurug, and il they gained ' the castle. That year. 
Howel the Saxon, son of the lord Rhys, obtained the 
castle of Gwis, through treachery ; and he captured 
Philip, son of Gwis, the keeper of the castle, his wife, 
and two sons. And when the said Howel perceived 
I,,, could not hold possession of all the castles, with- 
out throwing some of them down, he permitted his 
family, and the family of '-Maelgwn his brother, to 
demolish the castle of Llanuhadein. And when the 
Flemings beard of this, they assembled unexpectedly 
against the two brothers, attacked them, killed many 
of their men, ami put them to flight. And imme- 
diately afterwards the Welsh returned and assembled 
about the castle, and, to their satisfaction, it was 
razed to the ground. That year, Anarawd, °son of 
l.'liys. from a desire of worldly territory/ seized Madog 
and Howel, his brothers, and deprived them of their 

119-1'. -In that year, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, gave 
the castle of Ystrad Meurug to his brothers, B for 



»' ''-' they demolished 



■ distry6, />'. i "" oe Ilygeit &ynt, /'. 

1 A-ranant, I'. " :..-, B. 

" ( ' ' ' //. 



240 BEUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

wystlon]. Ac yd adeilaOd yr arglOyd Rys yr eil- 
wcitli gastell Rayadyr GOy. Y vlOydyn lionno y delit 
yr ' arglwyd Rys y gan y ueibon ac y carcharGyt. 
Ac y rydhaaOd Howel Seis y dat gan dOyllaO 
Maelgdn uab Rys. ,l Ac yna y torres meibon Kat- 
OallaOn gasteU - [de Nyuer yr liwn oed eidiaw 
Maelgwr a cliastell] Rayadyr GOy.' Ac yd ymchoel- 
aOd Rickert nrcnliin o Gaerusalem. Ac yna k}'fun- 
a6d Llywelyn ab IorOoerfcli h a Rodri uab Owein, a 
den uab Kynan ab Owein, yn erbyn Davyd uab 
Owrein' '[Gwynedd]. Ac y gOrtbbutyssant by hoi] 
gyfbeth Dauyd eithyr tri cliastell. 

MCXCV. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y deuth Roser Mor- 
fcymer a llu gantaG y Uaclenyd. A g6edy gGrthlad 

o meibon KadwallaOn yd adeilaOd' gastell y Gamaron. 
Ac yna y goroskynnaOd Rys a Maredud meibon yr 
argl&yd Rys drOy dOyll gastell Dinef'Or a cliastell y 
Kantivi* Bychan drOy gytsynnedigaetli gOyr y kyni- 
bydeu. Arrei liynny y delit yny vlOydyn bonno 
drGy dOyll y gan y tat yn Ystrat Meuruc ac a 
garcharGyt. 

WCXGVI. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO cscob 
Dai igor. Ac yny y kynnullaOd yr arglOyd Rys lu, 
ac y kyrcbaOd Kaer Vyrdin. Ac y llosges liyt y 
•' prid eithyr y castell eliun/ Ac od yna y kyeli- 



«' ' Ac y kymertb kastell Nyner aoed oidaw Vaelgwn 
ac y llosgea meibyon Kadwallawn kastell Rayadyr 
Gwy. 

''' '' a deu vab Kynan Rodri ac Owein 

''"'•leu uab C'atwallawn o 

,! ' ' llawr wedy diang kwnstabyl y kastell cliunan. 



1 B. becomes imperfect here. i 3 E. 

■P. /•:. 



THE CITRONrCLE OF THE PRINCES. 2 i 1 

his hostages/ And the lord Rhys buili the castle of 
Rhaiadr <!u r y the second time. That year Rhys was 
seized by hi* Bona and imprisoned ; and Howel the 
Saxon released his father, by deceiving Maelgwn, son 
of Rhys. !l And then the sins of Cadwallon demolished 
the castle 2 of Nyver, which wis the property of 
Maelgwn, and the castle' of Rhaiadr C»wy.' And 
king Richard returned from Jerusalem. And then 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, ''and Rhodri, son of 
Owain, and the two sons of Cynan, son of Owain, 
combined against David, son of Owain' 8 Gwynedd, 
and oppugned all the territory of David, except three 
castles. 

1105. The ensuing year, Roger Mortimer came villi 
an army into Maelienydd ; and having expelled c the 
sons of Cadwallon, he built' the castle of Camaron. 
And then Rhys and Marecludd, the sons of the lord 
Rhys, subjected the castle of Dinevwr, and the castle 
of Cantrev Bychan, through treachery, by the con- 
sent of the men of the comots. And those were 
seized, through treachery, in the same year, by their 
father at Ystrad Meurug, and were imprisoned. 

119G. The ensuing year the bishop of Bangor died. 
And then the lord Rhys collected an army, and 
attacked Caermarthen, and burned it to the d earth, 
except the castle itself/ From thence he marched 



a** And took the castle of Nyncr, which was the 
property of Maelgwn, and the sons of Cadwallon 
burned the castle of Rhaiadr Gwy. 

h ' r ' and the two sons of Cynan, Rhodri and Owain 

c ' 8 the two sons of Cadwallon from 

d ' 4 ground, after the constable of the castle him- 
self had escaped. 



a. i s d. 



212 BBUT Y TYWYSOGION, 

wynna6d a diruadr la gantaG oo -wyr e han ac o 
wyr arg!6ydi ereill a odynt gyfun ac ef y ymlad .a 
cbastell ' ( 'oUiyn. ae gymell y ymrodi. A gOedy y 
gael, ef ae Ilosges. Ac ynebrGyd odyno y kychGyn- 

na6d ae In hyt .Macs Hyl'eid ae losgi. A gOedy 
llosgi y dyd hfmnO yny dyffryn yn gyuagos y kyw- 
eiraOd Rosser Mortymer a - Hu Dysai' yn vydinoed 
aruaCe, o ueireh a llnrugeu a belmeu a tbaryaneu 
vn diiyliud ynerbyn y Kymry. A phau welas y 
maGrmydus Elys liynny ymwisgaO aGnaeth megya Ue6 
dyfal o gallon a llaG gadarn a ebyrcfru y elynyon 
yn wrafil ae hymclioelut ar fib ae hyralit ae traethu 
yn dielG kyfc bei g6ra0l, yny gOynaOd y marswyr yn 
diruaGr yr ormod acrua or rei eidnnt. Ac yny He 
yd ymladadaGd a ebasteU Pa en yii Eluael a blifieu 
a magneleu. Ac y kymellaOd y ymrodi. A gGedy y 
gael y bn gyfundeb y rygtaG a GGilim BreGys. Ac 
am hynny yd edewis y kastell liGnnG ynhedOch. Yny 
ulGydyn honno yd ymladadd Henri arcbescob Keint 
instus lioll Loegyr, a hyt ae ef gynnulleitna o ieirll 
a barGneit Lloegyr a lioll tywyssogyon GGyned yn 
erbyn cast ell GGennGynGyn yn TrallGg Llywelyn. 
3 [Ac ny tbygiawd ydunt dfm, canys val y bwrieyn 
ennfgf on y ben y eastell ydynot y mewn ; pan 
deleint hyt, y bylchev y bwrit wynt hyt yn wael- 
awt clawd yny dorryxit en mynyglev eraill bodi.] 
A gOedy llauurys ymlad ac ef ac amryuaehm peiraa- 
ncii a decbymygyon ymladeu yny di6ed o enryned 
geluydyt 6ynt aennillassant y eastell dr&y anuon 
mGynwyr y gladu y danaG, ac y wneutlmr ffossyd 
dirgelcdic y dan y dayar. Ac uelly y kymhellGyt 



1 ColOnwys, C. Collwyivwy, 1>. "■' TTygyn o Say, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINi 2 !•" 

with a vast army of liis mvii men, ami of the men 
of other lords, who were joined with him, to attack 
bhe castle of l Colwyn, ami compel it, i<> surrender; 
and having obtained it, he burned it. And from 
bhence I"' speedily marched with his army to Mars 
Ilvvaidil, which In- burned ; and after burning it, on 
bhe same day, Roger M!ortimer and 8 Hugh de Say 
marshalled their armed forces of cavalry, equipped 
with mails ami helmets and Bhields, unawares against 
the Welsh, in an adjoining valley. Ami when the 
minions llli ys observed this, la- accoutred himself, 
like a lion of furious heart, with a mighty hand, 
and gallantly attacked his enemies, ami turned them 
to flight, pursued them, ami dealt with them as of 
no account, though in a manly way; so that the 
marchers regreted extremely tin' excessive slaughter of 
Uu-ir men. Ami then immediately, he attacked Pain's 
castle ill Elvael with missiles ami engines, ami com- 
pelled it to surrender. After obtaining if. there was 
an agreement made between him ami William Bruse, 
in consequence of which he. relinquished thai castle in 
peace. In the same year, BCenry, arehbishop of Can- 
terbury, justice of all England, having with him an 
assemblage of the earls ami barons of England, with 
.■ill the, princes of Gwynedd, made an attack upon the 

Castle of (Iweuwyuwyu in Trallwim I ilywelyn : :i aml 

it: availed them not. for as they flung their engii 
the top of the castle in order to get in. when they 
got to the breaches, they were hurled to the bottom of 
the fosse, so as to break their ueeks. and others were 
drowned.' Ami after fighting severely against it with 
various instruments and devices of warfare al length 
by -wonderful science they gained t\\r castle by send- 
ing miners to dig under it, and to make gecrel 



D. 

Q 2 



244 BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

y kitstellwyr y ymrodi. Ac eissoes Gynt a diagys- 
sant oil yn ryd ae gOisgoed gantunt ae harueu eithyr 
vn alias. Ac odyna kyn diwed y ulGydyn lionno y 
kynullaOd GGennGynGyn y wyr y gyt ac yd ymladaGd 
yn wraGl ar dywededic gastell ac ae kymbeUaGd y 
ymrodi idaG, drGy ainot licfyt rodi ryd it yr castellhyr 
y vynet yn inch ac dillat ae harueu gantunt. Y 
ulGydyn lionno y bu uarG Gniffud abafc " Y.sfcrat 
Marchell/ 

MCXCVIL Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y bu diruaGr dyni- 
he.styl o uarGolyaeth ar liyt ynys Prydein oil a 
thcruyneu Ffreinc yny vn varG anneiryf or bobyl 
gyffredin, a diuessured or bonedigyon ar tywyssogyon. 
Ac yny ulGydyn dymhestlaGl honno yd ymdangosses 
Antropos oc eliGioryd y ivi aelOit gynt yn dGywesseu 
y tyghetuennoed ykygoruynnua wenGynic nerthoed yn 
erbyn y veinfc ardercliaGe dywyssaGc liyt na allei 
y.storyau Ystas ystoryaGr na chatlileu Fferyll uard 
menegi y vcint gOynuan adolur a thrueni adoeth y 
lioll gencdyl y Brytanyeit pan dorres ageu yr emcll- 
digedic ulGydyn honno olOyn y teghetuenneu y gymryt 
yr arglOyd Ify's ab Gruff ud - [y pedweryd dyd galan 
Mci| dan y hadaned dan darestygedic uedyant agen 
y gin- aoed )>enn a tharyan a chedernit y Dcheu a 
boll Gymry, a gobeith ac amdiffyn holl genedloed y 
Brytanyeit. Y gOr hOnnG a hanoed o vonhedickaf lin 
brenhincd. Ef a oed eglur o amylder kenedyl, a 
gryinuster y uedOl a gyffelybaGd Grth y gencdyl. 
lvyglioriir y dylycdogyon, ymladgar yn erbyn kedyrn, 
diogelOch y darestygedigyon, ymladGr ar gey ryd. Kv- 



" v Trallwnir. D. 



TUB CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 245 

passages under ground. And thus the garrison was 
compelled to surrender; and, nevertheless, they nil 
escaped at large, with their clothes and arms, except 
one, who was killed. And then before the end of 
that year, Gwenwynwvn collected his men together, 
and fought manfully against the said castle, and 
compelled it to surrender to him, under an agreement 
i of granting liberty to the garrison to depart, 
in safety with their clothes and arms. That year, 
GrufFudd, abbot of ' Ystrad Marehell,' died. 

J 1 97. The ensuing year there was a dreadful sea- 
son of mortality over all the isle of Britain and the 
bordei-s of France, so that innumerable of the common 
people died, and an immense number of the gentry 
and nobility. And in that troublous year did Atropos 
appear from among her sisters, who were formerly 
called the goddesses of destinies, with her maliciously 
malignant poAvers against that illustrious prince, in 
respect of whom neither the histories of Ystas the his- 
torian, nor the odes of Feryll the bard, could describe 
the extent of the lamentation and grief ami misery 
that befel the whole nation of the Britons, when death, 
in that accursed year, broke the wheel of the destinies, 
to take the lord Rhys, son of GrufFudd, '-'on the fourth 
day of the calends of May,' beneath its wings, under 
the subjected possession of death — the man who was 
the head and shield and strength of the South and of 
all Wales, and the hope and defence of all the tribes 
of the Britons — that man who was descended from 
the noblest line of kings, who was conspicuous for 
the extent of his race, and the energy of whose mind 
was assimilated with his race — the counsellor of the 
nobility, hostile against tyrants, the safety of the snb- 
jeets, combatant upon the walls, an inciter in the 



•C. 



-2 Mi BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

ffiro&r ya ryfeloed, kyweir&r yny bydinoed ae reolOr, 
cGympta y boruoed, ac megys baed neu leO yn ruthraO 
nelly y dywalei y greulondcr yn y elynyon. Och 
am ogonyant yr ymladeu taryan y niarehogyon, ym- 
diffynn y wlat, fcegOch arueu, breicb y kedernit, 11 aO 
yr haelon, llygat y dosparfch, echtydymiOr yr aduOyader, 
achelder maOrurytrOyd, defhyd grymusder. Eil Achel- 
arOy o nerth cledyr y dOyuron, Nestor o liynaGster, 
Tideua o LeGder, Samson o gedemit, Ector o brudder, 
ErcOlf o wychter, Paris o vryt, Ulixes o lanar, Selyf 

doethineb, Aiax o iiedOl ; ;i grfmdoal yr holl gamju.-u 

1 [iiii. kl. Maii|. - 1 A Uyma y gwerseu mydyr Lladin 
a wnaethpwyt puu vv varw yr arglwyd Rys : — 



Nobile Oambrensis cecidit dyadema decoris 

Hoc est Resus obit Oambria tota gem it 
Resus obit non foma pent sed gloria transit 

C-unbrensis transit gloria 3 Etesus obit 
Resua obit decus orbis abit laus quoc[tte feepeseit 

Iiigciiiituni vivit Cambria Resus obit. 
Semper Resus obit populo 4110 vivus amavit. 

Lugeut corda tacent corpora, Resus obit. 
Resus obit vexilla cadunt regalia sign a 

Hoc jam nulla ievat dextera Resus obit. 
Resus obit ferrugo tegit galeam tegit ensem. 

Anna rubigo tegit Cambria Resus obit, 
Resus abest inimitus adest Resus quia non est 

Jam t . . nil prodest Cambria Resus abest. 
Resus obit populi plorant gaudent inimici. 

Auglia stat cecidit Cambria Resus obit. 
Ora rigant elegi cunetis mea fletibus isti. 

Cor ferit omne ducis dira sasritta necis 



' D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 247 

wars, (lie arranger and ruler of the troops, the over- 

t In-. .wet- of hosts; and as a boar or a lion rushes on- 
ward, so raged his cruelty among his toes. Alas! for 
the glory of battles, the. shield of the knights, the de- 
fence of the country, tin- ornament of weapons, the arm 
of strength, tin- band of the generous ones, the eye of 
discrimination, the illustrator of courtesy, the summit 
of magnanimity, the substance of energy ; like Achilles 
in the strength of his breast, Nestor in kindness, Ty- 
deus in bravery, Sampson in strength, Hector in pru- 
, Hercules in gallantry, Paris in beauty, Ulysses 
in speech, Solomon in wisdom, Ajax in mind, and the 
foundation of all the excellencies — l on the fourth of 
the calends of May/ 2 And here are the Latin 
metrical verses, which were composed when the lord 
Rhys died: — 

Nobile Cambrensis cecidit dyadema decoris, 

Hoc est llesus obit, Cambria tota gemit, 
Resus obit, non foma perit, sed gloria transit, 

Cambrensis transit gloria, Resus obit, 
Besus obit, decus orbis abit, laus quoque tepescit 

Ingeniitnni vivit Cambria, llesus obit. 
Semper Resus obit populo quo vivus amavit. 

Lugent COl'da, tacent corpora, Resus obit. 
llesus obit, vexilla cadunt regalia signa, 

Hoc jam nulla levat dextcra, Resus obit. 
Resus obit, ferrugo tegit galeam, tegit ensem. 

Anna rubigo tegit Cambria, Resus obit. 
Resus abest, inimitus adest, Resus quia non est 

Jam t . . nil prodest Cambria, Resus abest. 
llesus obit, populi plorant, gaudent inimici. 

Angiia stal, cecidit Cambria, Resus obit. 
Ora rigant elegi eunctis mea fletibus isti. 

Cor lent oinue ducis dim sagitta neci 



2 a 



2*8 BBUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Omnia lingua canit Reso precoma nescifc, 

Laudes insignia lingua tacere ducis. 
Ploraiu plene vite laxantur habene, 

Meta datur meri laus sine fine duci. 
Non moritur Bed subtraitur quia semper babetur 

Ipsuis egregium nomen in orbe novum. 
Camber Locrinus Reso rex Albaquenactus 

Nominis efc laudis inferioris erant. 
Cesar et Arthurus leo fortis uterque sub arm is 

Nil par vel similis Resus utrique fuit. 
Resos Alexander duelli pari fuit alter 

Mundum substemi glistit uterque sibi. 
Occasus solis testus Ilesi fuit armis 

Sensit Alexandri solis in orbe manum. 
Laus canit . . . sancto cantet ab ommi 

Celi laus regis debita spiritui. 
Penna madet lacrimis quia scribit thema doloria 

Ne careat forma littera cesset ea. 

Llyma wedy bynny y gwerseu mydyr o Ladin y 

syd yn volyant ar y ved ef, ac a wnaethpwyt wedy 
daruot y gladu ef: — 

Grande decus tenet iste locus si cernitur ortus, 

Siquia sit finis queritur ecce cinis. 
Laudis amator bonoris odor dulcedinis auctor, 

Resus in hoc tumulo conditur exiguo. 
Cesaries qui congeries solis radiorum 

Principis et facies vertitur in cinercs. 
llic tegitur sed detegitur quia fama perhenni.s 

Nun sinit illustrem voce latere ducem. 
Colligitur lumba cinis hac sed transvolat ultra 

Nobilitas claudi nestia fune brevi 
Wallia jam viduata dolet ruitur a dolore.j 

QGedy marO yr arglOyd Rys y dynessaaOd Grafl'iid 
y vab yny ol yn y llywodraeth y kyuoeth yr liOnn 
adelis Maelg&n y vraOt pan doeth y dy wededic VaelgOn 
wedy ryalltudaO kynnu bynny oe gyfoeth ac wyr y 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 249 

Omnia lingua canit lleso prteconia, nescit 
Laudes insignia lingua fcacere duois. 

Ploratu plene vite laxantur habene, 

Mota datur men laus sine fine duci. 
Non moritur sed subtraitur, quia semper habetur 

Ipsuis egregium noinen in orbe novum. 
Camber Locrinus Reso rex Albaquenaetua 

Nominia et laudis inferioris erant. 
Cesar et Arthurus, leo fortis u torque sub amiis, 

Nil par vel similia Resua utrique fuit. 
Resus Alexander duelli pari fuifc alter, 

M mnluni substerni glistit uterque sibi. 
Occasus solis testus Resi fuit armis, 

Sensit Alexandri solis in orbe manum. 
Laus eanit . . . saneto eantet ab ommi 

Celi laus regis debita spiritui. 
Penna madet lacrimis quia scribit tliema doloris 

Ne careat forma littera cesset ea. 

Here after that are the Latin metrical verses, which 
are in his praise on his tomb, and which were made 
after he had been buried: — 

Grande decus tenet iste locus, si cernitur ortus, 

Siquis sit finis queritur ecce cinis. 
Laudis amator honoris odor dulcedinis auctor, 

Resus in hoc tumulo conditur exiguo. 
Cesaries qui congeries solis radiorum 

Principis et facies vertitur in cineres. 
Hie tegitur, sed detegitur, quia fama perhennis 

Non sinit illustrem voce latere ducem. 
Colligitur tumba cinis hac, sed transvolat ultra 

Nobilitas claudi nestia fune brevi, 
Wallia jam viduata dolet, ruitur a dolore.' 

After the death of the lord Rhys, his BOD Gruffudd 
succeeded him in the government of the dominion, 
which was held by Maelgwn his brother, when the 
said Maelgwn, alter being banished before from his 



250 BRUT Y TTWYSOGION. 

gyt ac of, a theulu GOenOynGyn y gyt ac Gynt hyt yn 
Aber VntOyth. A goreskyn y dref ar casfcell, a Had 
Uader oe bobyl, a dGyn ereill ygkeithiwet a goreskyn 
lioll GeredigyaOn ac cnestylL A gOedy dala Gruffud y 
uraOt ydanuones y garchar GOenGynOyn. A hOnnO her- 
6y<| y ewyllys ae hanuones y garchar Saeson. Ac yna 
nnaGd GOcnGynOyii ArGystli, ac y delis Llyw- 
clyn uab Iorwoerth 1 a Dauyd ab Owe in GOyned. Y 
vlOydyn honno y bu uarG Owein Kef'eilaOc yn Ystrat 
Marchell 3 [y vynacldoc a seiliodd ef e lmn] wedy 
kymryt abit y cret'yd yin danaG. Ac yna y bu uarO 
Owein ali Gruffud Maeladr, ac Owein or Briihdir, ;i a 
1 uab Ieuaf 8 [ap Owein] a MaelgOn uab Kat- 
wallaOn a Vaelenyd. Y ulOydyn liunno y delit Tra- 
bayarn (Jycban o VrecheinaOc gOr arderehaOc bonbedic 
kadarn, ''a nith yr arglOyd Rys yn bria6t idaO' pan 
yttoed yn dyuot drGy Lan Gors y lys 4 WiHm BreGys' 
y arglGyd ac y gefynnGyt yn greulaGn. Ac yn Aber 
Hodni y UusgGyt Grtb rata meirch dr&y yr beolyd hyt 
y erocwyd, ae yno y ilas y benn ac y croget herwyd 
y draet ; ac ar ycrocwyd y bu fcridieu: c wedy diano 
y wreic ae vab ae vraGt ar ffo/ 



« •'' vab 

''' "' a nitli vercli ehwaer y Rys ap Grufud yn wreic 
briawt " ;i nith yr arglwyd Rys vercli y chwaer yn 
wreic ydaw 

'■' '' Ac y dial y vraut ay vab ay wreic, pan yw 
yny ford greulon y divetbawd. 



1 Not in C. D. I 3 C. D. E. 

■ E. " William de Breusa, D. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 251 

territory, came, accompanied bj his men, and also bj 
the family of ( iwenwynwyn, to Aberystwyth, and 

snbjugated the town and castle, killing many of the 
people, and carrying others into bondage, and taking 
possession of the whole of Ceredigion with its castles, 
And after seizing his brother Gruffudd, he sent him 

to the prist I' (Iwcnwynwyn, who agreeably to hii 

desire sent him to an English prison. And then 
Gwenwynwyn subjugated Arwystli, and captured 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth 'and David son of wain 
liwynedd. That year, Owain Oyveiliog died at Ystrad 
Marched, '-' the monastery which he himself had found- 
ed/ after patting on the habit of religion. And then 
died Owain, son of Gruffudd Maelor, and Owain of 
Brithdir, B and Howe!., son of Ieuav, 3 son of Owain,' 
and Maelgwn, son of Cadwalader of Maelienydd. The 
same year, Trahaiarn the Little of Brecheiniog, an illus- 
trious, noble, and powerful man, b whose wife was niece 
of the lord Rhys/ was seized, when he was passing 
through Llangors to the court of William Bruse, and 
cruelly fettered. And at Aberhodni he was dragged 
at the tails of horses through the Btreets to the scaf- 
fold; there his head was cut off, and he was hanged 
by his feet, and remained on the gallows three days, 
G after his wife, his son, and Ids brother had escaped 
by flight/ 

:t :| son of 

h ' 5 whose wife was niece, sisters daughter, to Rhys, 
son of Gruffudd, ° whose wife was niece to the Lord 
Rhys, Ids sister's daughter, 

* and it was to take revenge upon his brother, 
his son, and his wife, that he was destroyed in that 
cruel way. 



•'• D. I • C. 



252 DBUT Y TYWY80GI0N. 

mcxcviii. Y vloydyn rac wyiiul* y goreskynnaod 
!i! /i«n ab Rys Aber Teiui, 'a chasfcell Yatrat 
Mouruc wedy mynct Gruflud y uraOt yg karchar 
Saesson. Ac yna ydaeth coueint y Com Hir y 
breaaOylaO y Gymer ~ [y Nannav y Meirionydd]. Y 
vlGydyn honno y goresgynnaOd y meibon ieuaf yr 
arglOyd Rya gastell DinefOr. Y ulGydyn honno - [ar 
ael gwyl Vair Vadlen] yd aruaetbaOd GGcnoynOyn 
gei88a0 talu y lien deilygdaOt yr Kymry, ae lieu 
briodolder ae teruyneu. A gOedy kytsynyao ae ef ar 
liyimy holl dywyssogyou Kymvy kynullaO diruaOr lu 
aoruc, a my net y ymlad ;l chastell Paen. A gOedy 
hot yn ymlad ac ef 3 [heb na bliviav na magneleu] 
deir Oythnos hayaeb heb wybot y danrwein rac llaO. 
A pban Gybu y Saesson bynny gellog awiuietliant 
Rufud nab Rys aoed ygkarchar y gantunt a chyn- 
tillaO kedernit Lloegyr y gyt ac ef ar vedyr hedychu 
ar Kymry. Ac yna ny niynnaOd y Kymry JiedOch y 
gan y Saeson namyn gOedy caiiacl y castell, bygyth- 
yaO awnaethant losgi y dinassoed a dOyn y hanreitheu. 
A heb diodef or Saeson bynny Oynt ae kyrchassant, 
ac yny vrdydyr gyntaf ae kymellassaut ar fib drdy 
wneufchur diruaGr aerua o nadunt. Ac yna y lias 
AnaraOt s [an Einiawn] a ab Chvein ab Kadtallatm, a 
llidifc ab Iestyn, a l Rodri nab Howel, ac y debt 
Maivdud nab Kynan ac y carcliarOyfc. Ac nelly y 
deuth y Saesson dracliefyn drOy uudngolyaeth wedy y 
kyuoethogi o yspeil y Kymry. Y vlOydyn honno 



ac 



D. is imperfect lure. '-' C. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE FUIKCES. 253 

1198. The ensuing year, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 
look Aberteivi ' and the castle of Ystrad Meurag, 
after his brother Gruffudd had gone info an English 
prison. And then the convent d' ('wm Jlir removed, 
to settle, at Cymmer, '-'in Nannan of Meirionydd.' 
That year, the youngest sons of the lord Rhys took 
possession of the castle of Dinevwr. The same y< ar, 
- near the feast of St. Mary Magdalen,' Gwenwynwyn 
meditated endeavouring the restoration of their ancient 
rights to the Welsh, their original property, and their 
boundaries. And when all the princes of Wales bad 
agreed with him thereon, lie collected a vast army, 
and proceeded to attack Pain's castle ; and after he 
had fought against it, 3 without projectiles and engines 
of war,' for nearly three weeks, lie was ignorant of 
the future issue. When the English had intelligence 
of that, they liberated Gruffudd, son of Rhys, whom 
they had in prison, and collected the strength of 
England to accompany him, with the intention of 
pacifying the Welsh. And then the Welsh would not 
accept peace of the English, but, after obtaining the 
castle, they threatened to burn the towns, and carry 
off their spoils; and the English, not brooking that, 
attacked them, and in the, first battle put them to 
flight, making a vast slaughter of them. And thin 
Anarawd, -son of Einon/ a son of Owain, son of 
Cadwallon, and Jthirid, son of Iestin, ami Rhodri, 
son of Howel, were slain, and Maredudd, son of 
Cynan, was taken and imprisoned. And thus the 
English returned again victoriously, after being en- 
riched with the spoils of the Welsh. That year, 



a' a and 



K. | ' Rotpert, C. E. 



2fi ! BRUT Y TYWTSOGION. 

y goreskynna6d Gruffud uab Rye yn Ora&l yran oe 
gyuoeth y gan VaelgOm y vraOt eitbyr den gastell 

nyi amgen Alter Teivi ac Ystrat Meuruc. Ar neill 
o n;i'limfc nyfc amgen Aber Teivi a fcyga6d Maelg&n 
uch lienn amryvaelon greiren ygg&yd myneich Oedy 
kymryt gOystlon y gan Rufad dros hedCich y rodei y 
bell, ar gGystlon y gyfc yn oet dyd y lluffud. Ar 
llO hfjnuO a divmy^iOd of heb rodi nar casfcell nar 
gCystlon. Dfiywadl nerth eissoes a rydhaaOd y gOystlon 
i) garchar GGen.(iyn6yn. Y ul6ydyn honno y bn aarfi 
Pyra escob MynyO. 

kcxoix. Y vl6ydyn rac 6yneb y goresgynnatid MaelgOn 
uab Bya gastell Dineirth a adeilassei Rufrud uab Rys, 
;i chymeint ac a gauas yno o wyr Had rei awnaeth a 
cliarcbaru ereill. Ac yna y goresgynnadd Gruffud ab 
Elys dr6y diiyll gastell Kil Gerran. Y vlGydyn honno 
u al yd oed Rickert urenbin Lloegyr yn ymlad achas- 
tell neb an uarCm aoed Grth Dyneb idaO y bratbOyt a 
chGarel, ac or Itrath hOnnu y bu uaru. Ac yna y 
dryebaf6yt Ienan y uradt yn vrrenhin. 



MCC. Deucant mlyned a mil oed oet Crist pan vu 
iiard Gruffud uab Kynan ab OOein yn Aber Oon&y 
■wedy kymryt abit y ereuyd ymdanaO, ' [Y gwr a 
oed atnabodedic gan bawb o ynys Brydein o achaws 
helaethrwyd y rodyon ag hynawster ay dayoni ac 
113't ryued kanys tra vo byw y gwyr y syd yr awr 
honn wynt a goffhant y glot ay volyant ay weith- 
redoed]. Y vKiydyn honno y giiertbadd Maelgim uab 
Rys Aber Teiui a Haded holl Gymry yr ycbydic 
werfcb y Saeson rac ofyn ac o gas Gruffud y uraOt. 
V uliiydyn honno y grfmdwalGyt 2 [Madoc ap Grufiydd 



'<.'. 



THE CimONK'I.F, OF THE PRINCES. 

Gruffudd, son of Rhys, manfully got possession of his 
share of his territory from Maelgwn Ins brother, except- 
ing two castles, namely, A.berteivi and Ystrad Meurug. 
As to one of bhem, namely, Aberteivi, Maelgwn Bwore 
upon several relics, in the presence <>f monks, after 
taking hostages for peace from Gruffudd, that be 
would deliver up bhe castle ami hostages together to 
Gruffiidd on a fixed day. And that oath be disre- 
garded, giving up neither the castle nor the hostages; 
divine power, nevertheless, set the hostages five from 
the prison of Gwenwynwyn. That year, Pyrs, bishop 
of Menevia, died. 

1199. The ensuing year, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 
got possession of the castle of Dineirth. which Gruf- 
fudd, son of Rhys, had built; ami of the men he 
found there sonic he slew, and others he imprisoned. 
And then (Jrufl'udd, son of* Rhys, possessed himself, 
through treachery, of the castle of Cilgerran. That 
year, as Richard, king of England, was fighting against 
the castle of a certain baron, who was opposed to 
him, he was wounded by an arrow, and of that 
wound he died ; and then his brother John was ad- 
vanced to be king. 

1200. One thousand two hundred was the year of 
Christ, when Gruffiidd, son of Cynan, son of Owain, 
died, after taking upon him the religious habit, at 
Aherconway,- ' the man who was known hy all in 
the isle of Britain for the extent of his gifts, and his 
kindness and goodness; and no wonder, for as long 
as the men who are now shall Jive, they will re- 
member his renown, and his praise, and his deeds.' 
In that year, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, sold Aberteivi, 
the key of all Wales, for a trifling value, to the 
English, for fear of and out of hatred to his brother 
Gruffudd. The same year, - Madog, son of Gruffiidd 



* E. 



256 BRUT Y TYWYSOGTON. 

Maelnr] manachlaOc Lenegwestyl ' [yn ol yr hen 
groes] yn Ial. 

Miri. Y uV»ydyn rac Oyneb y goresgynnaOd Llywelyn 
nab Iorwocrtli gantref Llyyji wedy gGrthlad Maredud 
ab Kynan o achats y d&ylL Y ulOydyn honno nos 
wyl SulgOyn ydaeth cofeinfc Ystrat Fflur yr eglGys 
newyd a adeilyssit o aduGynweith. Ychydic wedy 
liynny ygkylcli gCiyl Bedyr a Pha'il y lias Maredud 
uab Rys gOas ieuanc aduGyn campus 2 [yn aruthder y 
wy elynyon karyat y gyueillyon inegys lluchaden o 
dan y rwng toruocd aruawc gobeith y Deheuwyr ag- 
orouyn Lloegyr anryded y kaeroed athegwch y byt] 
YgkarnywyllaOn a -[Grufiud y vrawt aorysgynnawd] 
e gastell ynteu yn Llan ym Dyfri. Ar cantrcf yd oed 
yndaO a oresgynnadd GrufTud y uraOt. Ac yny He 
wedy liynny wyl I ago Ebostol y bu uarO Gruffud ab 
Rys yn Ystrat Fflur, wedy kymryfe abit y crefyd 
ymdanafi, ac yno y cladGyt. Y uKiydyn lionno y 
crynaOd y dayar Ygkaerussalcm. 



Mil ii. Y ulwydyn rae Oyneb y g&rthlad&yfc Maredud 
ab Kynan o Veironnyd y gan Howel ab Gruffud y 
nei ab y uradb ac yd yspeil&yfc yn U(>yv eifchyr y 
vareb. Y nlOydyn lionno yr Oythuet d) r d g&edy DuO 
G6y] Bedyr a Phafil yd ymladafid y Kynuy a chastell 
GGerthrynyato aoed eidaO Eosser Mortymer ac y 
kymhellassant y castellwyr y rodi y caste! 1 kyn penn 
yr dythnos, ac y llosgassant ef byt y prid. Y vlGydyn 
honno amgylch gOyl Ueir gyntaf yny kynhayaf y 
kyfFroes Llywelyn uab Iorwoerth lu o Powys y 



/■:. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 257 

Maelor/ founded the monastery of Llanegwesll. ' Bear 
the old cross/ in Yale 

1201. The ensuing year, Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
subdued the cantrev of Lleyn, having expelled Mar- 
edudd, son of Cynan, on account of his treachery. 
That year, on the eve of Whitsunday, the monks of 
Strata Florida came to the new church ; which had 
been erected of splendid workmanship. A little while 
afterwards, about the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul, 
Maredudd, son of Rhys, an extremely courteous young 
man, 2 the terror of his enemies, the love of his 
friends, being like a lightning of fire between armed 
hosts, the hope of the South Wales men, the dread of 
England, the honour of the cities, and the ornament 
of the world/ was slain at Carnwyllon ; and '-' Gruf- 
fudd, his brother, took possession of ' his castle at 
Llanymddyvri. And the cantrev, in which it was 
situated, was taken possession of by Gruffudd, his 
brother. And immediately afterwards, 0:1 the feast 
of St. James the Apostle, Gruffudd, son nf Rhys, 
died at Strata Florida, after having taken upon him 
the religious habit ; and there he was buried. That 
year, there was an earthquake at Jerusalem. 

1202. The ensuing year, Maredudd, son of Cynan, 
was expelled from Meirionydd, by Howel, son of 
Gruffudd, his nephew, son of his brother, and was 
despoiled of every thing but his horse. That year, 
the eighth day after the feast of St. Peter and St. 
Paul, the Welsh fought against the castle of Gwerth- 
rynion, which was the property of Roger Mortimer, 
and compelled the garrison to deliver up the castle, 
before the end of a fortnight, and they burned it to 
the ground. That year, about the first feast of 
St. Mary in the autumn, Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 



R 



258 MlUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

darestOg GOenOynOyn idaO ac y oresgynn y Olat. Kanys 
kynn bei agos GOenOynOyn idaO o gerennyd, gelyn oed 
LdaO berOyd gOeithredoed. Ac ar hynt y gelois attaO y 
tyOyssogyon ereill aoedynt gereint idaO y ymaruoll ar 
ryfelu y gyt yn erbyn GOenOynOyn. A gOedy gOybot 
o Elisy ab Madawc ' [ap Mcredudd] liynny ymOrthod 
aOiiaeth ar ymaruoll yggOyd paOb. Ac oe holl ynni 
aruaethu. aOnaeth wneuthwr hedOch a GOenOynOyn. Ac 
am hynny wedy bedychu o eglOyssOyr a cbrefydwyr 
y rOg GOenOynOyn a LlyOelyn a digyfoethet Elisy ' [ap 
Madoc i ewythr]. Ac yn y diwed y rodet idaO 
ygkardaOt y ymborth gastell a [Krogen] a seitb tref 
bychein y gyt ac ef. Ac uelly gOedy goresgyn castell 
y Bala yd ymchoelaOd Llywelyn drachefyn yn liyfryt. 
Y ulOydyn lionno amgyleh gOyl Uiliangel y goresgyn- 
naOd teulu Rys ieuanc ab Gruffud ab yr arglOyd 
Rys gastell Llan Yiudyfri. 



mcciii. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y goresgynnaOd Rys 
Leuanc l [ap Gruftlidd] gastell Llan EgOat. Ac yna y 
bu uarO Dauyd ab Owein yn Lloegyr wedy y dehol 
o Lywelyn ab Iorwoertb o Gymry. a Y ulOydyn 
lionno y goresgynnaOd GOenOynOyn a MaelgOn ab Rys 



a' 3 Yny vlwyddyn bonn yr ynilhvyd kastell Llan 
Ymddyfii a chastell Llan Gadoc i ar Vaelgwn ap 
Rys a GwcnwN nwyn ap Owein Kyveilioc. Ynyr un 
amser y gorffeiinodd Maelgwn ap Rys gastell Dinertb. 



1 E. J "C.E. 



TITE CIIRONICLE OF TTIE PRINCES. 259 

raised an army from Powys, fco bring Gwenwynwyn 
under his subjection, and to possess the country. For 
though Gwenwynwyn was near fco him as fco kindred, 
he was a foe to him as to deeds. And on bis 
march he called to him all the other princes, who 
were related to him, to combine in making war 
together against Gwenwynwyn. And when Klise, son 
of Madog, ' son of Maredudd,' became acquainted 
therewith, he refused to combine in the presence of 
all; and with all his energy he endeavoured to bring 
about a peace with Gwenwynwyn. And therefore, 
after the clergy and the religious had concluded a 
peace between Gwenwynwyn and Llywelyn, the ter- 
ritory of Elise, l son of Madog, his uncle/ was taken 
from him. And ultimately there was given him for 
maintenance, in charity, the castle a of Crogen/ with 
seven small townships. And thus, after conquering 
the castle of Bala, Llywelyn returned back happily. 
That year, about the feast of St. Michael, the family 
of young Rhys, son of Gruffudd, son of the lord 
Rhys, obtained possession of the castle of Llanym- 
ddyvri. 

1203. The ensuing year, young Rhys, 'son of Gruf- 
fudd/ subdued the castle of Llanegwad. And then 
died David, son of Owain, in England, after having 
been banished out of Wales by Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
werth. a That year Gwenwynwyn, and B a, son 

of Rhys, by devices got possession of the castle of 



a ' 3 In that year, the castle of Llanymddyvri and 
the castle of Lkngadog were won from Maelgwn, .son 
of Rhys, and Gwenwynwyn, son of Owain Cyveiliog. 
At the same tune Maelgwn, son of Rhys, completed 
the castle of Dineith. 



E. 

R 2 



260 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

drOy dychymygyon gastell Llan ym Dyfri, a chaste! 1 
Llan GadaOc ; ac y cOplaOyt castell Dineirth/ 

MCCIV. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y brathOyt Howel Seis 
ab yr ai'ghvyd Rys yg Keraeis dr6y dOyll y gan wyr 
MaelgOn y vraOt, ac or brath hOnnO y bu uarO, ac y 
cladOyt yn Ystrat Flur, yn unwed a Grufud y vraOt, 
wedy kymryt abit y crefyd ymdauaO. Y vlOydyn 
honno y colles MaelgOn ab Kys allwedeu y boll gyf- 
oetb. Nyt amgen Llan Ymdyfri a DinefOr. Kany.s 
meibon y vraOt ae hennilladd arnaO yn OraOL Y ulOy- 
dyn honno y death Goilim Marsg.il adiruaOr lu gantaO 
y ymlad a Chil Gerran, ac y goresgynnaOd. 

MCCV. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Hubert arch- 
escob Keint, y gOr aoed a lygat yr pab a plienn prelat 
holl Loegyr. Y ulOydyn honno y peris MaelgOn uab 
Rys by dyd kyntaf or gOedieu yr haf y neb un 
Oydel c AbOell lad Kediuor ab ' Griffri, gOr da aduOyn 
ae pedwar arderchogyon veibon gyt ac ef a hauhoed- 
ynt o dylyedaOc voned. Kany.s y mam oed Susanna 
verch Howel 2 [ap Ievaf ], o uerch MadaOc uab Mar- 
edud 8 [ap Bleddyn ap Kynvyn]. 



mccvi. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y deuth Ieuan gar- 
dinal hyt yn Lloegyr, ac y kynnullaOd attaO lioll 
escyb ac abadeu Lloegyr, ac aneiryf o eglOysOyr a 
cliretydwyr Orth wneuthyr sened. Ac yny sened 
honno y kadamhaaOd kyfreith yr eglOys drOy yr holl 



a 3 legat 

h ' 3 duw Llun kynn difyeu Kyfarchauel 

c 3 abwyall 

Gruffydd, C | • E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 261 

Llanymddyvri, and the castle of Llangadog; and (he 
castJe of Dineirth was completed. 7 

120 k The ensuing year, Howe! the Saxon, son of 
the lord Rhys, was stabbed at Cemaes, through trea- 
chery, by the men of Maelgwn, his brother, of -which 
stall he died, and was buried at Strata Florida, in tho 
same manner as his brother Gruiludd, after having 
taken upon him the habit of religion. That year, 
Maelgwn, son of Rhys, lost the keys of all his domi- 
nion, to wit, Llanymddyvri and Dinevwr ; for the sons 
of his brother Gruffudd manfully won them from him. 
The same year, William Marshall came with a vast 
army to fight against Cilgerran, which he subdued. 

120."). The ensuing year, Hubert, archbishop of Can- 
terbury, died, — the man who was the a eye of tho 
pope, and the head prelate of all England. That 
year, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, b on the first day of 
Rogations in the summer/ instigated a certain Irish- 
man, c Abwell, to kill Cedivor, son of ! Griftri, a 
good benign man, and his four noble sons with him, 
who were descended of honourable lineage ; for his 
mother was Susannah, daughter of Howel, " son of 
leuav/ by a daughter of Madog, son of Maredudd, 
-son of Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn.' 

120G. The ensuing year, cardinal John arrived in 
England, and collected all the bishops and abbots of 
England, with innumerable churchmen and religious 
persons, to hold a senate; and in that senate he con- 
firmed the church law through the whole kingdom. 



a :l legate 

b ' :i on the Monday before Ascension Thursday, 

c 3 with an axe 



a 



202 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

deyrnas. Y ulOydyn honno y gOnaeth MaclgOn ab 
Rys gastell Aber EinaOn. Ac yna y rodes DuO aniyl- 
der o byscaOt yn Aber YstOyth yn gymeint ac nabu 
y kyfryO kynno liynny. 

mccvti. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y gOahardOyt y 
Gristonogaetli y gan y pab yn lioll teyrnas Loeger o 
achaOs gOrthOynebu o Ieuan vrenhin etholedigaeth 
arehescob Keint. Y ulOydyn honno y gOrtliladaOd 
Ieuan vrenhin Wilim BreOys a GOilim ieuanc y vab 
ae gOraged ae hOyron o gyghoruynt achas hyt yn 
Iwerdon dr6y amarch a cliollet ar yr eidunt. Y 
ulOydyn honno y delis y brenliin WcnOynOyn 3^11 Ara- 
Oythic. Ac y gorcsgynnaOd Llywelyn nab Iorwoerth 
y holl gyfoeth ae gestyll ae lyssoed. A phan Cybu 
UaelgOn ab Rys bynny rac ofyn Llywelyn ab Ior- 
woerth y byryaGd gastell Ystrat Meuruc yr llaOr a 
Uo.sgi Dineirtli ac Aber Yst6yth. Ac nyt edewis 
eissoes Lywelyn y aruaeth namyn dyfot a Onaeth hyt 
yn Aber YstOyth ae hadeilat, achymryt cantref Pen- 
wedic idaO ehun, a rodi dryll arall o GeredigyaOn 
vch Ayron y veibon Gruffud ab Rys y nyeint. Y 
vlOydyn honno y goresgynnaOd Rys Vychan uab yr 
arglOyd Rys gastell Llan GadaOc, heb goffau yr amot 
awnaethoed ao nyeint pan rodyssynt idaO gastell 
D incite. 



MCCVIII. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb yd ymladaOd Rys ac 
Owein meibon Grnffnd a chaste!! Llan GadaOc ac y 
Uosgassant gan lad rei or ka.stellwyr a charcharu 
ereilL 

MCCIX. ' [Blwydyn wedy hynny] y vlOydyn honno 
ydaeth Ieuan urenliin a diruaOr hi gantaO hyt yn 
Iwerdon, ac y due y ar ueibon Hu Dylasai y tir 



a 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE P1MNCKS. 263 

That year, Maclgwn, son of Rhys, constructed the 

castle of Abereinion. And then Coil bestowed an 
abundance of fish at Aberystwyth, so much that tlio 
like had not been before. 

1207. The ensuing year, Christianity was interdicted 
by the pope in the whole kingdom of England, bo- 
cause king John had opposed the election of the arch- 
bishop of Canterbury. That year, king Jolin banished 
William Bruse, and young William, his son, with 
their wives and grandsons, to Ireland, out of jealousy 
and hatred, to their disrespect and loss of property. 
The same year, the king seized Gwenwynwyn at 
Shrewsbury ; and Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, took pos- 
session of all his territory, his castles, and his courts. 
And when Maelgwn, son of Rhys, became acquainted 
therewith, from fear of Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, he 
razed the castle of Ystrad Meurug to the ground, and 
burned Dineirth and Aberystwyth. But Llywelyn did 
not desist from his purpose ; for he came to Aber- 
ystwyth and repaired it, and took the cantrev of 
Penwedig to himself, giving the other portion of 
Ceredigion above Aeron to his nephews, the sons of 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys. That year, Rhys the Little, 
son of the lord Rhys, took possession of the castle of 
Llangadog, without regarding the agreement which ho 
had made with his nephews, when they delivered to 
him the castle of Dinevwr. 

1208. The ensuing year, Rhys and Owain, sons of 
Gruffudd, attacked the castle of Llangadog, which 
they burned, killing some of the garrison, and impri- 
soning others. 

1209. 'A year after that/ the same year, long John 
went with an immense army into Ireland ; and ho took 
from the sons of Hugh de Lacy their land and their 



a 



264 MlUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ae a kestyll. A gGedy kymryt gOrogaeth y gan badb 
o Iwerdon, a dala gGreic Wiliam Brewys a GOilim 
teuanc y nab ae wreic ae vab ae verch yd ym- 
cboelaXid y Loegyr yn enrydedus. Ac yna y lladaOd 
ef Wilim ieuanc ac uam o anrugaraOc agheu yg- 
kastell Windylsor. Y ulOydyn honno yd adeilaOd 
iarll Kaer Lleon gastell DeganGy, yr hOnn a dorryssei 
Lywelyn nab Iorwoerth kynno hynny rac ofyn y 
brenhin. Ac yna hefyd yd adeilaOd y iarll hOnnd 
gastell ' TerfynnaOn, ac y diffeithaGd Llywelyn ab 
Iorwoerth gyfoeth y iarll hOniiO. Ac yna gOedy 
hedycliu o Rys h Gryc ar brenbin, drOy nertb y bren- 
hin y goresgynnaOd gastell Llan Ymdyfri. Kanys y 
castellwyr wedy annobeithaO o bop ford a rodassant 
y castell, ac un aniGs ar bymthec yndaO du6 gOyl 
Ueii- y Medi drOy amofc kael or castellwyr y kyrff a 
phob peth or eidynt yn iach. Y ulOydyn honno 
amgylch gOyl Andras y goresgynnaOd GOenOynOyn y 
gyfoeth dracliefyn drOy nerth Ieuan urenhin. lew- 
enyd hynny yd hedychaOd Maelgdn ab Rys ar brenhin 
heb goffan y 116 ar arnoll a voassei y rygtaO a Rys 
ac Owein raeibon Gruffud ab Rys y nyeint, kynnullaO 
diruaOr In o Ffreinc a Chymry y rygtaO a Phenwedic 
ac y doeth hyt Ygkil Kennin, ac yno pebyllyaO aornc. 
Ac yna y kynullaOd Rys ac Owein meibon Gruffud 
trychandr o ctholedigyon deuluoed a hyt nos kyrchu 
llu MaelgOn aorugant a Had llawer a dala ereill 
agyrru y dryll arall ar fib. Ac yny urOydyr honno 



a 2 chastell. b 3 Vyclnin 



1 TrerfynnaGn, E. "■ E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 265 

■■<■ castles. After receiving homage of all in Ireland, and 
capturing the wife of William Bruse, and young Wil- 
liam, his son, with his wife and his son and daughter, 
he returned with honour to England. He then put 
young William and his mother unmercifully to death 
in the castle of Windsor. That year, the earl of 
Caerleon built the castle of Dyganwy, which Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, had previously demolished, for 
fear of the king. And then also, that earl lmilt the. 
castle of Holywell ; and Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
ravaged the territory of that earl. And then, after 
Rhys b the Hoarse' had made his peace with the king, 
lie by the king's assistance obtained possession of the 
castle of Llanymddyvri ; for the garrison, after de- 
spairing in every way, surrendered the castle, with 
sixteen steeds in it, on the feast day of St. Mary in 
September, under an agreement that the garrison 
should have their bodies safe, with every thing be- 
longing to them. That year, about the feast of St. 
Andrew, Gwenwynwyn repossessed himself of his do- 
minion, by the assistance of king John. Out of joy 
thereat, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, made peace with the 
king, without regarding the oath and engagement 
that existed between him and Rhys, and Owain, his 
nephews, the sons of GrufFudd, son of Rhys ; and he 
collected a vast army of French and Welsh, directing 
his course towards Penwedig, and came to Cilcenin, 
where he encamped. And then, Rhys and Owain, 
the sons of Gruffudd, collected three hundred men 
out of select families, who by night attacked the 
army of Maelgwn, killed many, captured others, .and 
put the remainder to flight. And in that battle, 



" ~ castle. *>' ;) the Little 



C.E. 



206 I5RUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ydelit J Kynan ab' Howel nei Maelgfin, a Gruffud ab 
- Kynan penn kyghorGr Maelg6n, ac y lias EinaGn ab 
CradaGc ac aneiryf o rei ereill. Ac yna y diegis 
;'m ar y draet yn ffo yn waratwydus. Y ulGy- 
i\yn lionno y carlamhnaOd 3 [Gelarfc] synyscal Ka-er 
Loy6 gastell Buellt, wedy Had or Kymry lawer oe 
wyr kyn no hynny. Y vlOydyn honno 3 [gwyl Domas 
verthr] y bu uarG Mahal] fc y Brewys mam meibon 
Grufmdd uab Rys yn Llan Badarn VaGr, wedy kym- 
ryt kymun a chyffes a phenyt ac abit y crefyd ac y 
cladGyt y gyt ae gOr priaGt yn Ystrat Fflur. 



MCCX. Deg mlyned a deucant a mil oed oet Crist 
pan due Llywelyn ab Iorwoertli greulonyon gyrcheu 
am benn y Saeson, ac am bynny y llidyadd Ieuan 
uiriiliin, ae aruaetliu aOnaetb digyfoethi Llywelyn o 
gGbyl. A chynullaG diruaGr lu aoruc tu a GOyned ar 
nedyr y distryO oil. A chyt ae lu ef y dyfynnaGd 
attaO hyt Ygkaer Lleon bynn o dywyssogyon Kymry; 
GOenGynGyn o Powys, a Howel ab Gruffud ab Kynan 
* [o Wyncdd], a MadaOc ab Grufud MaelaGr, a Mar- 
edud ab Rotbert o Gedewin, a MaelgOn a Rys a Gryc 
meibon yr arglCiyd Rys. Ac yna y mudaOd Llyw- 
elyn ae giwtaGt y pcrued y Glat ae da hyfc yn mynyd 
Eryri, a chiGtaGt Von ae da yn vnffunyt. Ac yna 
y daeth y brenhin ae lu hyt yg kastell DeganGy. 
Ac yno y bu kymeint eisseu b6yt ar y llu ac y 



°- 8 Vychan 



1 Not in E. | = Kadwgon, C. E. 



Tin: CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 2G7 

1 Cynan, son of Howel, nephew to Maelgwn, and 
Gruffudd, son of 2 Cynan, Maelgwn 's chief counsellor, 
were captured ; and Einon, son of Caradog, and an 
immense number of others, were slain. And tlien, 
Maelgwn disgracefully fled, escaping on foot. That 
year, 8 Gelart, seneschal of Gloucester, fortified the 
castle of Buellt, after the Welsh had previously killed 
many of his men. That year, ■'' on the feast of S<- 
Thomas the Martyr/ Mahalt de Erase, the mother of 
the sons of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, died at Llanhadarn 
the Great, after receiving the communion, and con- 
fession, and penance, and the habit of religion, and 
was buried with her husband at Strata Florida. 

1210. One thousand two hundred and ten was the 
year of Christ, when Llywelyn, son of Iorworth, made 
cruel attacks upon the English ; and on that account 
king John became enraged, and formed a design of 
entirely divesting Llywelyn of his dominion. And he 
collected a vast army towards Gwynedd, with the view 
of utterly destroying it. And to join his army, he 
summoned to him at Caerleon these princes of Wales ; 
— Gwenwynwyn of Powys, and Howel, son of Gruf- 
fudd, son of Cynan, 4 of Gwynedd/ and Madog, son 
of Gruffudd Maelor, and Maredudd, son of Robert, of 
Cydewain, and Maelgwn, and Rhys a the Hoarse/ the 
sons of the lord Rhys. And thereupon, Llywelyn 
moved with his forces into the middle of the country, 
and his property to the mountain of Eryri ; and the 
forces of Mona, with their property, in the same 
manner. Then the king with his army came to the 
castle of Dyganwy. And there the army was in so 
great a want of provisions, that an egg was sold 



^ 3 the Little 



C.& 1 *E. 



2G8 imuT y tywysogion. 

gderthit yr Gy yr keinaOc a dimei, a gdled noetlius 
oed gantunt gael kic y rneirch. Ac am hynny yd 
yinchoelaGd y brcnhin y Loegyr aingylch y SulgOyn 
ae neges yn amherffeith, wedy colli yn waradOydus 
laGer oe wyr ac oe da. A gGedy liynny amgylcli 
calan AOst yd ymchoelaOd y brenhin y Gymry yn 
greulonach y vedGl ac yn vGy y In. Ac adeilat llawer 
o gestyll YggOyned a wnaeth. A tlirOy auon GonOy 
ydaeth tu a mynyd Eryri. Ac annoc rei oc lu a 
wnaeth y losgi Bangor. Ac yno y del it Rotbert 
escob Bangor yny eglOys, ac y gOerthOyt wedy hynity 
yr deu cant hebauc. Ac yna beb allel o Lywelyn 
diodef creulonder y brenhin drGy gyghor y wyrda yd 
amiones y wreic at y brenhin yr honn oed verch 
yr brenhin y wnenthur hedOch y rygtaG ar brenhin 
pa ffuryf bynhac y gallei. A gGedy caffel o Lywelyn 
diogelrOyd y nynet att y brenhin ac y dynot ef 
aaeth attaO ac ahedychaOd ac ef drOy rodi gGystlon 
yr brenhin o vonhedigyon y wlat, ac vgein mil o 
warthec a deugein emys ; a chanhattau hefyt yr 
brenhin y berucd wlat yn dragywydaGl. Ac yna yd 
hedychaGd ar brenhin holl dywyssogyon Kymry, eithyr 
Rys ac Owein meibon Gruffnd ab Rys, ac yd ym- 
choelaOd y brenhin y Loegyr drdy diniadr lewenyd 
yn imdngaOl. Ac yna y gorchymynnaOd ef yr tywys- 
sogyon hynny gymryt ygyt ac Oynt lioll In Morgan- 
n6c a Dynet, a Eys Gryc, a Maelgfin ab Rys ae 
llnoed. amy net am benn meibon Rys ab Gniffud ab 
Rys y gym ell arnunt y dynot y Ia6, neu gilyaO ar 
dehol or holl deyrnas. Ac yna y kymhellaOd syn- 
yscal Kaer Dyf, gOr a oed dywyssaOc ar y llu, a 
Rys a MaelgOn meibon yr arglGyd Rys y lluoed ae 
kedernit achyrchn Pennwedic awnaethant. A gwedy 
na allei Rys ac Owein meibon Gruffud ymerbynyeit 
ar neint allu hdnnd, ac nat oed le ryd udnnt yg 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 2G9 

for a penny halfpenny; and it was a delicious feasi 
to them to get horse flesh; and on that account the 

king returned to England about Whitsuntide, with his 
errand imperfect, after disgracefully losing many of his 
men and much property. After that, about the calends 
of August, the king returned to Wales, his mind 
being more cruel and his army larger, and he built 
many castles in Gwynedd. And he proceeded over 
the river Conway towards the mountain of Eryri, and 
incited some of his troops to burn Bangor. And there 
Robert, bishop of Bangor, was seized in his church, 
and was afterwards ransomed for two hundred hawks. 
Then Llywelyn, being unable to bear the cruelty of 
the king, by the advice of his liege men, sent his 
wife, who was daughter of the king, to the king, to 
make peace between him and the king, in any man- 
ner she might be able. After Llywelyn had obtained 
safe conduct to go to and from the king, he went 
to him and made his peace with him, by delivering 
hostages to the king of the nobles of the country, 
with twenty thousand cattle, and forty steeds, and 
consigning also the midland district to the king for 
ever. And thereupon all the Welsh princes, except 
Rhys and Owain, the sons of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 
made peace with the king ; and the king returned 
victoriously, and with extreme joy, to England. And 
then, the king commanded those princes to take with 
them all the troops of Morganwg and Dyved, with 
Rhys the Hoarse, and Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and th en- 
forces, and to go against the sons of Rhys, son of 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys, to compel them to surrender 
themselves into his hands, or to retire into banishment 
out of all the kingdom. And then the seneschal of 
Cardiff, the man who was the leader of the army, and 
Rhys, and Maelgwn, sons of the lord Rhys, urged their 
troops and their strength, and repaired to Penwedig. 
And since Rhys and Owain, the sons of Gruffudd, could 
not withstand a power of that magnitude, and there 



270 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Kymry y gyrchu idaO anuon kenadeu aorugant at 
FfaOcOn y wneutliur y hedOch. A hedychu ac ef 
awnaethant, a chanhattau awnaethant yr brenhin y 
kyfoeth rOg Dyfi ac Aeron, ac adeilat aoruc FfaOcOn 
gasfcell yr brenhin yn Aber YsfcOyth. Ac yna yd 
aeth Rys ac Owein meibon Gruffud ar gOndit FfaOc- 
Onn y lys y brenhin, ae kyinryt aoruc y brenliin yn 
gyfeillon idaO. A thra yttoedynt hOy yn mynet y 
lys y brenliin, ediuarhau aoruc MaelgOn uab Rys a 
Rys Gryc y uraOt y hamodeu ar brenhin, a chyrchu 
aOnaethant am benn y castell newyd yn Aber Yst- 
Oyth au dorri. A phan doefch Rys ac Owein veibon 
Gruffud ab Rys o lys y brenhin wedy hedychu ac 
ef kyrchu awnaethant Is Aeron cyuoeth MaelgOn 
* uab Rys' a Had allosgi ac anreithaO y kyuoetli 
aOnaethant. Ac yno y lias gOas ieuanc da deOr oed 
lionnO ' [Gruff'ydd ap Ivor, ac y bu varw Mredudd 
ap Karadoc]. 



mccxi. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb wedy na allei Lywelyn 
ab Iorwoerth dywyssaOc GOyned diodef y genifer 
sarhaet awnaei wyr y brenhin idaO a edewyssit yn 
y castell newyd 2 [yn Aber Konwy], ymaruoll aoruc 
a thywyssogyon Kymry nyt amgcn GOenOynOyn a 
MaelgOn ab Rys, a MadaOc ab Gruffud MaelaOr, a 
Maredud ab Rotbert ; a cbyfodi aoruc yn erbyn y 
brenhin, a goresgyn yr holl gestyll aOnaethcred yg 
GOyiied eithyi" DeganOy a Rudlan Marthaual ym 
Powys a wnathoed Robert VcpOnt hOnnO aoreskyn- 
lia.ssaut. A phan oedynt : yn goresgyn hOnnO y 
doeth y brenliin a diruaOr lu y gyt ac ef y gOrth- 



a/ 2 a Rys Gryc 



» a 



THE CTIRONICLE OF TnE PRINCES. 271 

was not a place open for them in Wales to repair to, 
they sent messengers to Foulku, to bring about a peace. 
And they made peace with him ; and they consented 
that the king should have the territory between the 
Dyvi and Aeron ; and Fonlke built a castle for the 
king at Aberystwyth. And then, Rhys and Owain, 
the sons of Gruffudd, went, under the safe conduct of 
Fonlke, to the court of the king ; and the king received 
them as friends. And whilst they were repairing to 
the king's court, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and his brother 
Rhys the Hoarse, repented of their terms with the 
king, and made an attack upon the new castle at 
Aberystwyth, and demolished it. And when Rhys 
and Owain, the sons of Gruffudd, son of Rhys, re- 
turned from the king's court, after making their peace 
with him, they entered Lower Aeron, the territory of 
Maelgwn, a son of Rhys/ and killed and burned and 
ravaged in the district. And there a good and brave 
young man was slain, ' Gruffudd, son of Ivor ; and 
Haredudd, son of Caradog, died/ 

1211. The ensuing year, as Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
werth, prince of Gwynedd, could not brook the many 
insults done to him by the men of the king, who had 
been left in the new castle 2 at Aberconway/ he con- 
federated with the Welsh princes, namely, Gwenwyn- 
wyn, and Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and Madog, son of 
Gruffudd Maelor, and Maredudd, son of Robert ; and 
rose against the king, subduing all the castles which 
he had made in Gwynedd, except Dyganwy and 
Rhuddlan ; Mathraval, in Powys, made by Robert 
Vepont, they subdued, and whilst they were reducing 
that, the king, with a vast army, came to oppose 



a ' 2 and Rhys the Hoarse 



E. 



272 BBUT Y TVWYSOGION. 

lad ac e£ ehun athan ae Uosges. Y ulOydyn honno 
y croges Robert VepOnt yn AmOythic Rys ab Mael- 
gOn aoed yg gGystyl y g;ui y brenhin, lieb y uot 
yn seith mlOyd etto. Ac yny ulOydyn honno y bu 
uarO Robert escob Bangor. 

mccxii. Y vlOydyn rac 6yneb y bu urOydyr ynyr 
Yspaen y rOg y Cristonogyon ar Sarassinyeit ; yny 
vrOydyr honno y dyOedir dygGydaG deg mil o wyr 
a their mil o waged. Y ulOydyn honno y croget 
yn Lloeger try wyr arderchaOc o genedyl a phrif 
tywyssogyon Kymry. Nyt amgen Howel ab Kat- 
wallaGn, a MadaOc uab MaelgOn, a Meuruc Baracli. 
Y ulOydyn honno y rydhaaOd Innossens bap y tri 
thywyssaGc. Nyt amgen Llywelyn ab Iorwerth, a 
(JOenOynOyn a MaelgOn ab Rys or 110 ar frydlonder a 
rodassynt y urenhin Lloegyr. A gorchymyn udunt 
aOnaeth yn uadeueint or pechodeu dodi gofalus gar- 
edicrOyd y ryuelu yn erbyn en wired y brenhin. a A 
gOahard y Gristnogaeth a baryssei yr yspump mlyned 
kvnno hynny yn Lloegyr a Chymry, y rydhaaOd y 
pab y tri thywyssaOc gynneu oe kyuoetheu' a phaOb 
ar a uei vn ac Oynt. Ac Oynteu yn gyfun agyuod- 
assant yn erbyn y brenhin. Ac a oreskynnassant 
ynOraOl ' y arnaO y berued wlat, a dugassei ynteu 
kyn no hynny y ar Lywelyn ab Iorwoerth. 



MCCXIIL Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb wedy gOeled o Rys 
ieuanc y uot yn dirran o gyfoeth anuon kenadeu 



n ' 2 Ac ef a waliardawd yr eglwysseu pump mlyned 
yn holl Loegyr a Chymry eithur kyfoeth ytri tywys- 
sawc hynny, 



' 13. resumes here. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 273 

them, mid he himself burned it with fire. That year, 
Robert Vepont hanged, at Shrewsbury, Rhys, son of 
Afaelgwn, who was a hostage to the king, not being 
yet seven years old. And in the same year, Robert, 
bishop of Bangor, died. 

1212. The ensuing year, there was a 1 Lit tic in 
Spain between the Christians and Saraeens. In that 
battle, it is said, ten thousand men, and three 
thousand women, fell. That year, three illustrious 
men, of the natio/i and chief princes of Wales, were 
hanged in England ; that is to say, Howel, son of 
Cadwalader, ajid Madog, son of Maelgwn, and Meurug 
Barach. That year, pope Innocent absolved the 
three princes, namely, Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
and Gwenwynwyn, and Maelgwn, son of Rhys, from 
the oath of fidelity which they had given to the king 
of England. And he commanded them, for the pardon 
of their sins, to give a sincere pledge of warring 
against the iniquity of the king. a And the interdic- 
tion of Christianity, which he had ordered five years 
previously in England and Wales, was remitted by the 
pope to the three princes before mentioned, within 
their dominions/ and to all who were united with 
them. And they, with one consent, rose against the 
king, and bravely wrested from him the midland 
district, which he had previously taken from Ltyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth. 

1213. The ensuing year, when young Rhys saw 
that he had no portion of territory, he sent mes- 



ft ' 2 And he had interdicted the churches five years 
in all England and Wales, except the territory of 
those three princes, 



a 



274 BRUT Y TYWYROGION. 

aoruc att y brenhin y eruynneit idaG drOy y nerth 
ef peri idaO rami o dref y dat. Ac yna ydanuonea y 
brenhin att synyscal Henford, ac at ' FfaGc6n synyscal 
Kaer Dyf, a gorchymmyn 8 [vdunt] beri y Rys Gryc 
rodi castell Llan Ymdyfri ar wlafc 3 [y veibyon Gruff- 
ii' I' I vab Rys] neu ynteu a gilyei a o deruyneu y 
wlat' ar dehol. A gOedy dyfynnu Rys Gryc y atteb 
Orth 4 orchyraynneu y brenhin. A dywedut aoruc 
yn atteb na rannei ef un erO a Rys ieuanc. Ac yna 
llidiaO aoruc Rys ieuanc, a chynnullaO diruaOr lu 
o VrecheinaOc, a dyfot y dreis aoruc y Ystrat Tywi, 
i phebyllyaO yny lie aelOir TrallOc Elgan, b2 [dyO leu] 
wedy yr fiythuefc dyd o wyl Seint liar/ A thran- 
noeth du6 G&ener y doeth attaO Owein y vraOfc, a 
5 PhaOcOn synysgal Kaerdyf ae Uuoed. A thrannoeth 
kyrcliu a orugant gyuoeth Rys Gryc a chyweir- 
yn() y bydinoed, a dodi Rys ieuanc ae vydin yny 
blaen, a 6 FlaOcOn ae vydin yn y canaOl, ac Owein 
ab Gruffud ae vydin yn ol. Ac ny bu bell yny 
gyuarvu Rys c Gryc ac Oynt. Ac yny vrOydyr ar 
vydin gyntaf y goruuOyt ar Rys Gryc ae wyr, ac 
y kilyaOd ar fib wedy Had llader oe wyr a dala 
ereill Ac j'na yd aeth Rya ieuanc aruedyr yinlad 



a' " or teyrnaa oil 

1/7 athrannoetli diuyeu nessaf wedy gwyl Seint 
Yllaii. c8 Yycliaii 



1 Fauk. /A I 3 C. 

- IS. J ' mvlmnynn, B. 



Till-: OIIHOXICTK (if-' TIIK TR1NCES. 27$ 

sengers to the king, to beseech him, that through his 
power, be would cause him to have a share of his 
father's inheritance, Am] thereupon the king sent to 
the seneschal of Hereford, and to Foulke, seneschal 
of Cardiff, commanding -them to compel Rhys the 
Hoarse to deliver up the castle of Llanyinddyvri and 
the district ;1 to the sons of Gruffudd, Bon of Rhys,' or 
to retire "from the borders of the country' into exile. 
And after citing Rhys the Hoarse to answer to the 
king's commands, he said in his reply that he would 
not divide a single acre with young Rhys. Thereupon 
young Rhys became enraged, and collected a vast army 
out of Brecheiniog, and came in a hostile manner to 
the Vale of Tywi, and encamped in the place called 
Trallwng Elgan b2 on the Thursday 7 after the octave 
of the feast of St. Hilary/ And the following morn- 
ing, being Friday, his brother Owain came to him, 
and 5 Foulke, the seneschal of Cardiff, with their forces. 
The following day, they entered the territory of Rhys 
the Hoarse, arrayed their troops, and placed young 
Rhys with his force in the van, and '' Foulke with 
his force in the centre, and Owain, son of Gruffudd, 
with his force in the rear. And it was not long 
before Rhys c the Hoarse 7 met them ; and in the attack 
with the first division, Rhys the Hoarse, and his men 
were overpowered, and he retreated and fled, after 
having many of his men killed, and others taken. 
And then young Rhys went, with the intention of 



■''' " from all the kingdom 

h ' 7 the following Thursday next after the feast of 
St. Hilary. °' 8 the Little 



6 FaGcoc, B. » C. 

' B. « C. E. 



S 2 



27G 35RUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

a chastell DinefOr. Ac eissoes Rys a Gryc ae rac- 
:iOd ac a gadarnhaaOd y gastell owyr ac arfeu. 
A gOedy llosgi Llati DeilaO ' kilyaO ymeith' aoruc Rys 
a Gryc. Ac eissoes Rys ieuanc a gyrcha'jd y castell, 
a thrannoeth dodi 8 [a oruc] peiranneu a dechymyg- 
yon y ymlad ar castell. A gOneuthur ystolyon Orth 
y muroed } r wyr y drigaO dros y muroed, ac nelly 
<:sgyrma6d ef y castell oil eithyr vn tOr, ac yn 
li'inub :i yd ymgyirifrth y castell wyr Orth ymlad ac 
amdiffyn ac ergydyeu ac a pheiryanneu ereill; ac o 
dy allan yd oed saethydyon, ac arblastwyr, a m6yn- 
wyr, :i marchogyon yn ymlad ac 6ynt. Ac uelly y 
kymhellGyt arnunt kynn y prynhalm talu y castell a 
rodi tri gOystyl aOnaethant 4 [arodi y castell onny 
cheflynt nerth erbyn echGyd trannoeth] drGy amot 
cael 5 y dillat ae haruen ae haelodeu yn iach. Ac 
uelly y gOnaethpdyt. A gOedy cael y castell ° [ac 
oresgyn tir y Kantrev Mawr] y kilyaOd Rys a Gryc 
ae wreie ae veibon ae deulu att Vaelgfai y vraGt, 
wedy eadarnhau castell Llan Ymdyfri o wyr ac amen 
3 [a bdyt, a pheiryannev] ac aglienreiteu ereill. Ac 
cihveith ydaeth Rys ieuanc y VrecheinaOc. Ac yna 
kvnullaO diruaGr lu aoruc o Gymry a Ffreinc, achyr- 
clra Llan Ymdyfri. A cliynn pebyllu o nadunt ef a 
rodes y castellwyr y castell idaO dr&y amot cael y 
lieneideu ae haelodeu yn iach. Y ulOydyn honno y 
kymerth Ieuan urenhin benyt am y cameu aOnath- 
oed yn erbyn yr eglOys, a galO drachefyn archescob 



a 7 Vychan 



'' y kilyaOd ymdeith, B. | 3 yr, B. 

- B. « B, C. 






THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. -77 

attacking the castle of Dinevwrj however, Rhys R the 
Hoarse' preceded him, and strengthened his castle 
with men and arms; and after burning Llandeilo, 
Rhys il the Hoarse ' retired hence. Nevertheless, young 

Rhys invested the castle ; an. I the following day he 
placed engines and inventions for attacking the 
castle, and placed ladders against the walls, for men 
to climb over the walls, and thus did he possess him- 
self of the castle altogether, save one tower; and in 
that the garrison secured themselves in fighting and 
defending, with missiles and other engines. And out- 
side were the archers, and crossbowmen, and miners, 
and horsemen, lighting against them. And thus they 
were compelled, before the afternoon, to surrender the 
castle; and they delivered three hostages, *and gave 
up the castle, unless they should receive support by 
the evening of next day,' under an agreement to have 
their clothes and their arms, with the safety of their 
limbs ; and thus it was concluded. And after they 
had got the castle, ° and subdued the land of Cantrev 
Mawr,' Rhys a the Hoarse,' with his wife, his sons, 
and family, retired to his brother Maelgwn, having 
strengthened the castle of Llanymddyvri with men 
and arms, ~ and food and engines,' and other neces- 
saries. And a second time, young Rhys went to 
Brecheiniog ; and there be collected a vast army of 
Welsh and French, and proceeded to Llanymddyvri ; 
and before they had pitched their tents, the garrison 
gave up the castle, on condition of safety of lives and 
limbs. That year, king John did penance for the 
wrongs he committed against the church, and recalled 



a' 7 the Little 



! a. B. | ' 0, E. 

6 a 



278 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Keinfc, ar esgyb ar yscolheigon a ymrodassynt y all- 
tuded o achaOs gtiahard yr eglOysseu. Ac o achate 
y gdrthrOm godyant aOnafcboed yr eglGya yd ymrOym- 
a6d ef ae efcraedyon ae lioll urenbinyaeth Lloegyr ac 
[werdon y Dub a Pbedyr a Fhafrl, ar pab ar pabeu 
ereill yny ol yn dragywydaGl. Ac ar hynny gdneutbur 
gOrogaetb gan tyghu talu y baOp or eglOysswyr y 
collet, a tbalu mil o vorckeu bob blOydyn y eglOys 
Rufein ' [droa bop goddyant a gOasanaetb dylyedus]. 
Y ulOydyn honno gwedy ymadaO o Rys Gryc ar 
Kymry a mynnu bedycbu ac Gynt eilweitb berOyd 
y dyweit. Yna y debt ef yg Kaer Vyrdin ac y 
dodet a [ef] ygarcbar y brenbin. Y ulOydyn lionno y 
darestygaOd Llywelyn uab Iorwoertb gastell DeganOy 
a chastell Rudlan. 

MCCXIV. Y vldydyn rac Oyneb y morddyaOd Ieuan 
urenbin ac 2 [diruaOr] amylder o ryfelwyr aruaOo y 
gyt ac ef byt ym PheitaO. Ac ymaruoll ac ef aoruc 
iarll Fflandrya a a Bar a HenaOnt. Ac anuon attunt 
awnaetb ieirll Sarur y gyt ae vraOt ac amieiryf a 
uarchogyon, a gOahaGd attao Otbo affihera&dyr Rufein 
y nei, a cbyfodi aoruc y ryfelu yn erbyn Pbylip bren- 
hin Freinc. Ac yna y magOyt diruaOr ryfel y rygtuut. 
Otbo amlicraOdyr Rufein ar iarll o partbret Flandrya 
yn ryfelu. ax Ffreinc a Ieuan urenbin, o partbret 
Peitad yn aflonydu. Ac uelly o bop tu yd oedynt 
yn kymhurtliaO y Ffreinc. Ac yna ydanuones Pbylip 
arderchaOc urenhin Ffreinc Lowys y uab y PeitaO a 
11 u y gyt ac ef y ymerbynye.it abrenliin Lloegyr. 
Ac ynteu ebon 3 ar Ffreinc y gyt ac ef a dynaOd tu 



a 4 yarll Bolwynn 
1 B.C. | : B. 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 279 

the archbishop of Canterbury, and the bishops and 

scholars, who had gone into exile, mi aceuitnt of the 
interdiction of the chmvhi's. And lieeanse of the. 
oppressive vexation he had caused to the church, he 
bound himself, and his heirs, with his whole dominion 
of England and Ireland, to God and St. Peter and 
St. Paul, and the pope, and other popes successively 
for ever. And thereupon he did homage, swearing to 
pay to all the churchmen their loss, and to pay 
a thousand marks yearly to the church of Rome, 
'for all vexation, and for every due service/ The 
same year, after Rhys the Hoarse had withdrawn 
himself from the Welsh, and sought a second time (n 
make peace with them, as it is said, he was then 
seized at Caermarthen, and put in the king's prison. 
In that year, Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, reduced the 
castle of Dyganwy and the castle of Rhuddlan. 

1214. The ensuing year, king John, with a ■ vast 
multitude of armed warriors, set sail for Poictou ; 
and the earl of Flanders, and a liar, and Hainan It 
joined him. And the earl of Sarur, with his brother, 
and a great number of knights, sent to them, and 
invited to him Otlio, emperor of Rome, his nephew ; 
and he arose to make war against Phillip, king of 
Fiance. And then a terrible war was kindled between 
them ; Otho, emperor of Rome, and the earl war- 
ring on the part of Flanders, and the French and 
king John harrassing on the part of Poictou. And 
thus on every side they were distressing the French. 
Then Phillip, the noble king of France, sent his son 
Louis to Poictou, with an army to meet the king of 
England. And lie himself, with the French, drew 



:i ' J the earl of Boleyn 
a, B. I ' a 



280 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOtf. 

a Flandrya ynerbyn yr amheraOdyr. A phan welas 
yr amheraOdyr. ar iarll hynny blOg uu gantunt llau- 
assu o vrenhin Freinc dynessau attunt, ae gyrchu 
yndiC a ' oruganfc. A gOedy il yr ymlad ef a syrth- 
yaOd y uudugolyaeth y urenhin Freinc, ac a yrrOyt 
yr amheraOdyr ar ieirll ar fib h o Fflandrys a Bar a 
HenaOnt/ A phan gigleu brenbin Lloegyr y dam- 
Oein liGnnG ofynbau a -'wnaetli gyuhal ryfel a vei 
vOy, agOneutbur kygreir seitb rulyned aoruc a brenbin 
Ffreine, ac ymcboelut y Loegyr, a tbalu llawer oe 
colledeu yr egl6ysswyr. Ac yna y bu gyffredin 
ellygdaOt yr egl&ysseu ar byt Lloegyr a Chymry. Y 
ulOydyn bonno y bu narO Geffrei escob MynyO. 

MCCXV. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu teruysc y r6g 
Ieuan urenhin a Saesson y Gogled, a llaOer o ieirll 
ereill a barOneit Lloegyr, o achaGs na chatwei Ieuan 
urenhin ac Oynt yr benn gyft'reitb, a deuodeu da a 
a gaOssynt gan Etwart a 4 Henri y brenliined kyntaf, 
a atygassei ynteu yr teyrnas pan rydhaaOd rodi udunt 
y kyfreitheu hynny. Ar teruysc hOnnO a gerdaOd yn 
gymeint ac yd yniaruolles boll wyrda Lloegyr a boll 
dywyssogyon Kyinry 5 [y gyt] yn erbyn y brenbin, 
byt na mynnei neb o nadunt beb y gilyd y gan 
y brenbin na hedOch na chyfuiideb na chygreir yny 
dalei ef yr eglOysseu y kyfreitheu ae ° teilygdodeu, a 



a ' liir 

b' 8 adaly yarll Flandrys ayarll Bolwyn ayarll Sayi'- 
ebos yn Yernwn. 



1 Onaethant, li. 

1 ortic, B. 



1 gossodynt, Ti. 
' Alvryil, E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 281 

towards Flanders, against the emperor. And when 
the emperor and the earl saw that, it was galling to 

them that the king of France should dare to approach 
them, and they angrily attacked him. And after "the 
light, the victory fell to the king of France; and 
the emperor and the earls were driven (o flight, b from 
Flanders and Bar and Hainault.' And when the 
king of England heard of that event, lu- feared to 
carry on war any longer, and so made a truce of 
seven years with the king of France, and returned In 
England; and paid many of their losses to the clergy. 
And then there was a general remission to the 
churches over England and Wales. That year, Jeffrey, 
hi shop of Menevia., died. 

1215. The ensuing year, there was a disturbance 
between king John and the English of the North, 
and many others of the earls and barons of England, 
because that king John would not keep with them 
the old law and good customs which they had ob- 
tained from Edward and 4 Henry, the first kings, and 
which he had withheld from the kingdom, when he 
had released himself from giving them those laws. 
And that disturbance extended so far that all the 
good men of England, and all the princes of Wales 
combined 6 together against the king, so that none of 
them without the others would enter into peace or 
agreement or truce with the king, until he restored 
to the churches their laws and privileges, which he 
and his ancestors had afore time taken from them : 



a 7 a long 

,,/8 and the earl of Flanders, and the earl of Bolcyn, 
and the earl of Sayrebus, were captured at Vernon. 



n. I » n. 

ttilygdaOt, Ii. J » C. 



282 BRUT Y TVWVSOGION. 

d ugas.se i ef aerieni kyn no hynny y gantunt ac yny 
1 < l.i lei hef'yt y wyrda Lloegyr a Chymry y tired ar 
kestyll a g\ m i (nth y cwyllys y gantunt heb na 

gGir na ehyf'reith. A gOedy 2 eu dysgu o archescob 
Keint ac esgyb Lloegyr a ieirll ae barbneit a gofyn idaO 
arodei yr hen gyfreitheu da yr teyrnas y gomed aoruc 
a herOyd 3 ryy wesp&yt rac y hofyn 4 Oynt, kymryt 
croes aoruc ac ual kynt y ky nodes y Gogledwyr yn 
y erbyn B er neill tu, ar Kymry or tu arall. Ac yn 
y urdydyr gyntaf y "due y Gogledwyr y arnau dinas 
Llundein. Ac yna y kyrchadd Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth 
ar Kymry y AmGythic. A heb GrthGynebed y rodet 
idaO y dref ar castell. Ac yna yd anuones Gilis o 
BreOys mab 7 [y] GOilim o Brewys Robert y uraOt 
y \ "iv< -ii.'ii iaOc. Ae gymryt yn enrydedus awnaeth 
gwyrda BrecheinaOc idaO. A chynn penn y tri dieu 
y goreskynnaOd castell Penn' Kelli, ac Aber Gevenln 
ar castell GOyn ac yiiya GynOreid. Ar Gilis vry a 
oed escob yn Henford, ac auuassei vn or aruollwyr 
kyntaf yn erbyn y brenhin. A g6edy hynny ydaeth 
ynteu Gilis e Iran y VrecheinaOc. Ac y goresgynnaOd 
Aber Hodni a Maeshyfeid ar Gelli, a Blaen Llyfni, a 
cliastell Buellt heb vn gGrthdynebed, castell Paen, a 
chastell ColOyn, a chantref Eluael Orthunt aedewis ef 
y Wa liter 8 [ap Gruff udd ap yr arglwydd Rys] uab 
EinaOn Glut Orth y goresgynn. A thra yttoedit yn 
hynny ym BrecheinaOc yd hedychaOd Rys ieuanc 
[i nai] a MaelgOn uab Rys y ewythyr ac y kyrch- 
assant Dyuet y gyt. Ac y goresgynnassant Gymry 



1 talei, B. 
'-' y, B, 

3 rydyOespOyt, B. 



1 h6y, B. 
5 or, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 283 

and until he also restored to the good men of Eng- 
land and Wales their lands, and the castles, which 
he at his will had taken from them, without either 
right or law. And after they had been instructed \>\ 
the archbishop of Canterbury, and the bishops of 
England, and his carls and his harems, they demanded 
whether he would restore the good old laws to the 
kingdom, but he refused them, as has been said before, 
from fear of them; and he took a cross; and. as 
before, the North men rose up against him, on one 
side, and the Welsh on the other side. And in the 
first battle, the North men took from him the city 
of London. And then Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth. with 
the Welsh, invested Shrewsbury; and without oppo- 
sition the town and the castle were delivered up to 
him. Then Giles de Bruse, a son to William de 
Bruse, sent his brother Robert to Breeheiniog ; and 
the good men of Breeheiniog received him honourably; 
and before the end of three days he took possession 
of the castles of Pencelli and Abergavenny, and the 
White Castle, and the isle of Cynwraid. The above 
Giles was bishop of Hereford, and had been one of 
the first confederates against the king. And after 
that, Giles himself also went to Breeheiniog, and 
obtained possession of Aberbodni, and Maes Hyvaidd, 
and Gelli, and Blaenllyvni, and the castle of Bud It, 
without any opposition; Pain's castle, and the castle 
of Colwyn, and the cantrev of Elvael attached to 
them, he left for Walter, 8 son of GrufFudd, son of the 
lord Rhys/ son of Einon Clud, who had subdued 
them. And whilst this was going on in Breehein- 
iog, young Rhys, "the nephew/ and Maelgwn, son of 
Rhys, his uncle, became reconciled, and they proceeded 
to Dyved together. And the Welsh obtained posses- 



govcsgynnaOd, B. i s C. E. 

B. • E. 



284 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

a Dyfet oil eithyr Kernels a honno aanreithassant, 
1 [ac Ai-bertliJ ar Maen Clocha'V: a '-' losgyssant. Ac 
3 odyna yd aeth MaelgOn ac Owein ab Gruffud y 
Wyned att Lywelyn ab Iorwoerth, ac y kynnullaOd 
Rys ieuanc lu diruaGr y veint, ac y goresgynnaOd 
Ketweli a CharnywyllaOn, ac y llosges y castell, ac 
odyno y tynaOd y Qhyr, ac yn gyntaf y goresgynnaOd 
gastell LlychOr. Ac odyno yd ymladaOd achastell Hu. 
Ac yd aruaethaOd y castellwyr gadO ] [y castell] yDy 
erbyn. Ac ynteu Kys agauas y castell y dreis gan 
ellOg y castellwyr ar castell drGy dau a Laearn. 
Tran noeth y kyrcliaOd tu a 4 [chastell Ystwm Llwyu- 
iarth yn] 8ein Henyd, ac rac y ofyn ef y llosges y 
castellwyr y dref. Ac 5 0ynteu heb dorri ar y haru- 
aeth agyrchassant gastell YstunillOynarth, a G phebyllyaO 
yny gylcli y nos honno a oruc, a thrannoeth y cauas 
y castell, ac y llosges ef ar dref. Ac erbyn penn y 
tri dieu y goresgynnaOd holl gestyll Gohyr. Ac nelly 
yd ymchoelaOd drachefyn yn liylryt uudugaOl. Ac 
yna y gellygf»yt Rys Gryc o garchar y brenliin gOedy 
rodi y vab a deu wystyl ereill drostaO. Y ulOyd}-n 
honno y gOnaethpOyt IorOoerth abat Tal y Llycheu yn 
escob ym MynyO, a ChadCgat'n a Llan Dyffei abat y 
Ty GOynn ' yn escob Ymangor. Yna yd hedychaOd 
Gilia escob Henford ar brenliin rac ofyn y pab, ac 
ar y fford h ynmynet att y brenliin' y clefychaOd. 



a ' 7 abat Llann Defit, 

1/8 yn dyvod o lys y brenin ' yn ymhoelut 



1 B 3 odyno, B. 

"• losgassant, B. ' E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 285 

sion of all Dyved, with the exception of Cemaes, and 
that they ravaged, 'and Arberth ' and Maenclochog 
they burned. And from thence Maelgwn, and Owain, 
son of Gruffudd, proceeded to Gwynedd, to Llywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth. Young Rhys collected also an army 
of vast magnitude, and obtained possession of Cydwcli. 
and Carnwyllon, and burned the castle. And from 
thence he drew to Gower ; and he first reduced the 
castle of Llychwr, and afterwards lie fought against 
the castle of Hugh, and the garrison essayed to keep 
'the castle' against him; but Rhys obtained the 
castle by force, passing the garrison and castle through 
fire and sword. The following day he marched to- 
wards 4 the castle of Ystum Llwynarth in' Senghen- 
ydd ; and from fear of him, the garrison burned the 
town. And they, without being diverted from their 
purpose, proceeded to the castle of Ystum Llwynarth, 
and he encamped about it that night ; and the fol- 
lowing day he obtained the castle, which, with the 
town, he burned. And by the end of three days he 
reduced all the castles of Gower ; and thus, happy 
and victorious, he returned home. And then, Rhys 
the Hoarse was liberated from the king's prison, 
after having given his son, and two other hostages 
for him. That year, Iorwerth, abbot of Tal y Llycheu, 
was made bishop of Menevia ; and Cadwgan ft of 
Llandyfai, abbot of Whitland/ was made bishop of 
Bangor. Then Giles, bishop of Hereford, made peace 
with the king, from fear of the pope ; and on the 
road, b going to the king/ he was taken ill ; and 



a ' 7 abbot of Llandevid, 

k' 8 coming from the king's court, ' returning 



' ynteu, B. I » C. 

phebyllu, B. Not in E. I ' C. E. 



28G BRUT Y TYWYSOCION. 

Ac Ygkaer LoyO y bu uar6 amgylch goyl Martin. 'Ae 
dref tad' ef a gauas 2 Reinald y BreOys y uraOt 3 [efj. 
A hOnnO agymertli yn wreic idad merch Lywelyn 
ab Iorwoertli tywyssaOc GOyned. Y ulOydyn honno y 
a kynhalyaGd y trydyd Innossens bap gyffredin gyghor 
or hull Gristonogaeth hyt yn eglOys 4 [Laterannia 
yn] Rufein. Ac yno yd atnewydOyt kyfreitheu 3 [a 
gossodedigaetheu] yr eglOys, ae yd ymgyghoret am 
'' lylhau Kaeru.ssalem adaroed G yr Sarassinyeit y 
gywarsagn yr ysllawer o amseroed kynno liynny. Y 
ulOydyn honno y kynnulladd Llywelyn ab Iorwoertli 
a chyffredin tywyssogyon Kymry diruafa lu hyt Yg- 
kaer Uyrdin. A diynn penn y pnnihet dyd y cauas 
y castell ae y byryaixl yr llaOr. Ac odyna y ° torrys- 
sant gastell Llan Ystyffan, a Thalacharn a Seint Cler. 
Ac odyna nos Oyl Tliomas ebostol ydaethanfc y Gered- 
igyaOn, ac ynilad ar castell " [Emlyn] aorugant. Ac 
yna y gOrhaaGd gOyr Kemeis y Lywelyn ab Iorwoertli. 
ac y rodet idaO gastell Trefdraeth. A LOnnO o gyff- 
redin gyghor a yssigGyt. A phan welaa casteliwyr 
Aber Teiti na ellynt gynhal y castell y rodi awnaeth- 
ant y Lywelyn ab IorGoerth duO gfiyl Ystyffan. A 
fchrannoeth duO goyl Ieuan ebostol y rodet castell 
Kil Gerran idaO. Ac odyna yd ynichoelaGd Llywelyn 
ab Iorwoertb, a holl tywyssogyon Kymry a oed y 
gyj ae ef yn hyt'ryt lawen 8 y gdlatoed drachefyn 
drOy uudugolyaeth. A llyma ennOen y tywyssogyon 
a vuant ynyr hynt honno o Gyned ; Llywelyn ab 
IorGoerth tywyssnOc GGyned, a Howel ab Grofud 



a s kynullaOd b 3 nertliu 



1 Athrcfytat, B. 3 B. 

- Re in all t, B. * B. C 



CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 287 

lie died at Gloucester, about the feast of St. Martin ; 
and his patrimony came to his brother Rheinallt de 
Druse, who took for his wife the daughter of Ll\ w 
clyn, son of Iorwertli, prince of Gwynedd. Thai 
year, pope Innocent the third "held a general council 
of all Christendom at the ' Lat*erau church in Rome. 
And there were the laws 8 and canons' of the church 
renewed; and it was resolved to l, free Jerusalem, 
which the Saracens had oppressed for a long time 
before. That year, Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and 
the Welsh princes in general, collected a vast army 
to Caermarthen ; and before the end of Jive days, he 
obtained the castle, and razed it to the ground. And 
then they demolished the castles of Llanstephan and 
Talacharn and St. Clare. And from (hence, on the 
eve of the feast of St. Thomas the Apostle, they 
proceeded to Ceredigion, and fought against the castle 
7 of Emlyn.' Then the men of Cemaes did homage 
to Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and the castle of Trev- 
draeth was delivered to him ; which, by general con- 
sent, was shattered. And when the garrison of Aber- 
ystwyth saw that they could not maintain the castle, 
they delivered it up to Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, on 
the feast of St. Stephen; and the following day, the 
feast of St. John the Apostle, the castle of Cilgerran 
was delivered to him. And then Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwertli, and all the Welsh princes that were with 
him, returned to their countries, happy and joyful 
with victory. And here are the names of the princes 
who were on that expedition from Gwynedd : — 
Llywelyn,. son of Iorwerth, prince of Gwynedd, and 



a 3 assembled b8 fortify 



y, B. I ' C. E. 

torrassant, B. 8 yO, B. 



288 BRUT Y TYWTSOGION. 

ab Kynan ' [i ewytlir], a LlyGelyn ab Maredud ab 
Kynan. Ac o PoOys G6en0yn0yn ab Owein KjiieilaOc, 
a Maredud ab Rotbert o GedeweiD, a theulu Madafc 
ab Gruffud MadaOc. A den uab MaelgOn ab Kat- 
wallaOn. Deheubarth MaelgOn ab Rys a Rys Gryc 
y uraOfc, a Rys ieuaiic ac Owein veibon Gruffud ab 
R}^s. A llyma enOeu y kestyll a oresgynnOyt aryr 
hynt lionuo. Nyt amgen castell Sein Henyd, castell 
Ketweli Kaer Uyrdin, Llan Ystyffan, Seint Cler, 
Talacharn, Trefdraeth, Aber Teiui, Kil Gerran. Ac 
ar yr hynt 2 honno y bu a araf hedGch, a thegOch 
hinon y gayaf, hyt na 6elat 3 [ac nachlyOat] eiryoet 
lcynno hynny y cyfryO hinda honno. 



mccxvi. 4 [Bhvydyn wedy hynny] ac yna y bu 
cyfran o tir y r6g MaelgOn ab R}^s a Rys Gryc y 
uraOt, a Rys ac Owein meibon Gruffud ab Rys, yn 
Aber Dyfi ger bron Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth gGedy 
dyfynnu * fyna] ygyt holl twyssogyon Kymry 3 [gann 
mOyhaf] a holl doethon GOyned. Ac y Uaelg&n uab 
Rys y doeth tri chantref o Dyfet. Nyt amgen y can- 
tref GOarthaf, a chantref Kemeis, a chantref Emlyn, 
a PhelunyaOc, a chastell Kil Gerran, ac o Ystrat Tywi 
eastell Llan Yindyfri, a h deu gymGt. Nyt aragen 
ilirfryn a Mallaen a MaenaOr Vydfei. Ac o Gered- 



a 3 arauOch o b ' tl 



E. | * hOnnO, B. 



in 



THE CHBGNICLE OF Till: PRINCES. 289 

Howe], son of Gruffadd, rod of Cynan, 'his uncle/ 
and Llywelyn, son of Maredudd, son iA' Cynan; out 
of Powys, Gwenwynwyn, son of Owain Cyveiliog, 
and Maredudd, sun of Robert of Cydewain, and the 
family of Madog, son of Grufiudd Madog, and the 
two sons of Maelgwn, son of Cadwallon ; and out 
of South Wales, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and Rhys 
the Hoarse, his brother, and young Rhys, and Owain, 
the sons of Gruffudd, son of Rhys. And these are the 
names of the castles which were subjugated in thai 
expedition; that is to say, the castle of Senghenydd, 
the castle of Cydweli, Oaermarthen, Llanstephan, St. 
Chirr. Talaeharn, Ti'evdraetli, Aberteivi, and Cilgerran. 
And during that expedition there was a ■' gentle 
tranquillity, and fairness of winter atmosphere, such 
fine weather as had never been seen, y or heard of 
before. 

1210. 4 A year after that/ and then there was a 
partition of land between Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and 
his brother, Rhys the Hoarse, and Rhys and ('wain, 
the sons of Grnffudd, son of Rhys, at Aberdovey, in 
the presence of Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, when all 
the Welsh princes, 3 for the most part/ and all the 
wise men of Gwynedd were summoned 3 thither to- 
gether. And to Maelgwn, son of Rhys, were allotted 
three cantrevs of Dyved, that is to say, the eantrev of 
Owartbav, the eantrev of Cemaes, and the eantrev of 
Emlyn, with Penllwynog and the castle of Cilgerran ; 
and of the Vale of Tywi, the castle of Llanymddyvri, 
with Hwo comots, namely, Hirvryn and Mallaen, and 
the manor of Myddvai ; and of Ceredigion, the two 



a 8 gentleness of h ' three 



B. I ' C 



290 BRUT Y TYWYBCM I 

igyato deu gyniGt, Gdynyonyd a Mabwynyon. Ac 
y Rys ieuanc ac y Owein y uraOt meibon GrnrTud 
ab Rys y death casteli Aber Teifi, a thasteU Nant 
yr Aryant, athri cantref o Geredigyadn. Ac y Rya 

Gryc y doetli ' [ynn rann] y Cantref MaCir oil eithyr 
Mallaen, ar Cantref Bychan eitbyr Hirvryn a Myduei. 
Ac LdaO y deuth Ketweli a ~ CharnywyllaOn hefyt.' 
Yn y vlOydyii bonno 3 y<l hedycha&d GwenOyndyn 
arglGyd Powys a Ieuan vrenbin Lloegyr, 4 wedy 
tremygu y 110 ar aruoll a rodassei y dyOyssogyon 
Lloegyr a Chymry. A thorri yr Grogaeth a "''roessoed 
y Lywelyn ab Iorwoertli, a madeu y gfjystlon a rod- 
assei ar hynny. ' [A] gOedy gOybot o Lywelyn ab 
Iorwoertli liynny kynnvt arnaG yn OrtlirGm a °wnaeth, 
ac an von attaO e.sgyb ac abadeu, a gOyr ereill maOr 
7 y haOdurdadt ar llythyreu ar syartrassea gantunt, a ac 
echrestyr' yr aruoll ar ammot ar gOrogaetb a 8 6nathoed 
yndunt, o llauuryaO o bop medol acharyat a gOeithret 
y alO drachefyn. A gOedy nadygrynoei idaO hynny 
o dim. dygynnullad llu aoruc, a gal6 canmOyhaf 
tywyssogyon Kynnv ygyt attaO, a ehyir-lm Powys 
y ryuelu B ar WenOynGyn, ae yrra arffo hyt yn s6yd 
Kaer Lleon, a goresgyn y kyuoeth oil idaO e hun. 
Y uldydyn honno y doeth Lowys y mab hynaf y 
vrenbin Freinc liyt yn Lloegyr ' [trOy aruollOyr 
Lloeeer] gyt a IliiossogrGyd roafir atngylch Sul y 



achraffter 



1 B. 

'-" CharnOallaOm, B. 
1 y, B. 



* drty, B. 

1 rodassoed, B. 

c oruc. B. 



THE CHBONICLE OF THE PRIN< ES 291 

comots of Gwyiiionydd ami Mabwynion. And to 
young Rhys, and liis In-other Owain, the sons of 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys, were allotted the castle 

of Aberteivi, and the castle of Nant yr Aviant, with 
three cantrevs of Ceredigion. And to Rhys the 
Hoarse were allotted, 'as his Bhare/ the whole of 
Cantrev Mawr, except Mallaen, ami the Cantrev 
Bychan, except Hirvryn and Myddvai ; and to him 
likewise came Cydweli and - Carnwyllon. In thai 
year, Gwenwynwyn, lord of Powys. made peace with 
John, king of England, treating with contempt the 
oath and the engagement, which he had plighted to 
the chieftains of England ami Wales, and violating 
the homage which he had done to Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwerth, and surrendering the hostages that he had 
given thereon. 'And when Llywelyn, son of [orwerth, 
became acquainted with this, he took it heavily upon 
him, and sent to him bishops and abbots and other 
men of great authority, bearing with them the Letters 
and charters, a and the registers' of the compact and 
homage which he had made, and laboured by every 
thought and affection and deed to reeal him back. 
And when that availed him nothing, he assembled an 
army, calling to him most of the princes of Wales, 
and entered Powys, to make war upon Qwenwynwyn, 
and compelled him to flee into the county of Caerleon, 
and took possession of his whole territory to himself 
That year, Louis, the eldest son of the king of France, 
came to England, ' by means of English confederates, 
with a great multitude, about Trinity Sunday : and 



;: ' 10 and the particulars 



7 eu, //. 
1 Goaeth, B, 



»a, B. 



t -1 



292 BBUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Drmdadt, ac ofynbau aoruc Ieuan urenhin y dyuotyat 
ef, a chadO a oruc yr aberoed ar porthuaeu a diruaOr 
gedernit o wyr aruadc ' [y] gyh ae e£ A pban 
welaa ef llygea Lowys yn dynessau yr bir, kymryt y 

ftb a oruc tu a Chaer Wynt a dyffryn II a (Yen. Ac 
- yna y tynna'irl Lowys tu a Llundein. Ac yna yd 
aruollet yn enrydedus, a ehyrnryt aoruc gdrogaetb 
y Leirll ar barOneit ae gGahodassei, adechreu talu y 
kyfreitheu o baGp nadunt. A gOedy ycbydic 
dydyen wedy hynny yd aeth tu a Chaer Wynt. A 
pban " oybu Iouan vrenbin hynny llosgi y dref aoruc, 
a gOedy cadarnhau y oastell kilyau 4 ymeith aOnaetb. 
Ae yralad aoruc Lowys ar castell, a cbynn penn 
ycbydic o < I s < 1 \.-n y •"'castell agauas.' A cliyrcbu a 
6 oruc Ieuan urenhin ardal Kymry, a dyfot aoruc 
y Henford a llawer o wyr aruafie gyt ac ef. A 
gald atta'/ aorue Beinalt y Bre6ya a fchywyssogyon 
Kymry y ercbi udunt ymaruoll ac ef a hedyehu. A 
"idy na ryiohaei l [dim] idaG hynny kyrehu a 
7 6naetli y (Jelli a Maes Hyf'eid, a llosgi y trefyd a 
thorri y kestyll. Ac odyna llosgi C'roes Hyswallt ae 
diffeithaO ae distryi'. Yn y ukiydyn honno aragylch 
gfjy] ' [y kyuodet coi'ff] Seint Benct y bu uarO y 
trydyd Innossens bap. Ac yn ol hdmu y bu bap 
y trydyd Honorius. Ac yna ygkylch gOyl Luc 
e-uegylyOr y bu uar6 Ieuan vrenhin H [yn NieOart ac 
y ducpOyt odyna but Ygkaer Yraggon], ac y eladOyt 
Ygkaer Wyragon yn ynryl bed DGnstan Sant yn 
enrydedus. Ac yny Ue wedy brenkinaOl arOylant y 
dryehaliyt Henri y niab hynaf idaG "nad mlyned' yn 
urenhin ar lyOodraeth y deymas. A thrGy ganmaGl 
rei o wyrda Llocgyr ae hescyb y kys.segi-aCd cscob 



1 D. 

■ yno, B. 
gigleu, B. 



' ymeleitli, B. 
v gaffc-1 aoruc, B. 



Till-: CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 29JJ 

king John dreaded bis coining, and secured the rivers 
and harbours, with a vast force of armed men. Ami 
when he observed the fleet of Louis approaching the 
land, he took flight towards Winchester and the Vale 
of the Severn. Then Louis drew towards London, 
and there he was honourably received ; and he took 
the homage of the earls and barons who had invited 
him, and began to award to all of them their legal 
claims. And at the end of a few days afterwards, he 
proceeded towards Winchester; and when king John 
knew this, he burned the town, and. having fortified 
the castle, he went away. And Louis attacked the 
castle, and before the end of a. few days, lie got the 
castle. And king John proceeded to the border of 
Wales, and came to Hereford, accompanied by many 
armed men. And In 1 summoned to him liheinallt de 
Bruse, and the princes of Wales, requiring them to 
enter into compact with him, and make peace. And 
when that did not avail him ' anything, he proceeded 
to Gelli and Maes Hyveidd, and burned the (owns, 
and demolished the castles ; and after that, he burned, 
ravaged, and destroyed Oswestry. In that year, 
about the feast of "the Translation of St. Benet, 
pope Innocent the Third died ; and after him the 
third Honorius became pope. And then, about the 
feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, king John died 
"at Newark, and was conveyed hence to Worcester,' 
and was honourably buried at Worcester, near the 
grave of St. Dunstan. And immediately after the 
royal obsequies, his eldest son Henry, being nine 
years of age, was raised to the government of the 
kingdom ; and through the commendation of some 
of the good people of England and its bishops, the 



" Mucti), /;. i » n. c. 

'• oruc, B. I ■•' yii vab na6 mlwyd, C. 



294 BBUT V TYWYSOGION. 

Bad ei' yn vivnbin drfay aOdurdaOt cardinal o Rufeiii 
legat yr pab. Ac yna y coronet ac y kymerth y 
Y ulOy.lyn honno y bu uarO Howel ab Gruffud 
ab Kynan, '|yn was ienanc ardercbawc karedic gan 
bawb] ac y eladOyt yn Aber ConOy. 

Mccxvji. Y ulOydyn rac Gyneb y bu gygbor yn Ryt 
STchen y gan gyt a uarcbogyon Henri urenbin. Ac 
yno y traethOyt ambedOch a cbygreir y lygtunt a 
Lowys uab brenbin Freinc, a gOyr y Gogled. A 
gGedj na dygrynoynt dim o liynny, morddyaO aoruc 
Lowys y Freinc y gci.ssaO kyglior y gan Phylip y 
dat am y gOeitbretocl aOnelei nic Had yn Lloegyr. 
YgkyirOg hynny y kyfodea gOyr y brenbin yn crbyn 
}' gy* aruollOyr cf, a dOyn llaOer o gyrclieu arnunt. 
Ac 2 odyno dyuot awnaethant y Gaer Wynt, a 
clivmell y castellwyr y mdi y castell udunt, a gores- 
gyn y kestyll ereill a rodysait y Lowys 3 [atbynnu 
attadunt laOer ogyt aruollOyr Ledys]. YgkyfrOg bynny 
yd ymchoulaOd Lowys y Loeger ac ycbydic o nifer 
ygyfc ac ei*. Ac 4 odyna o acbaOs y dyuotyat 5 [ef J y 
l'H ehofhach y Goglcdwyr ar Freinc, a cbyrcbu dinas 
Lincol adnaetbant "ac oresgyn ac ymlad ar castell- 
wyr. Ac eissoes y kastellwyr a ymdilfynnassant y 
castell \ 1 1 gywir Graol ae anuon kenadeu aorugant at 
Wilim Yarseal iarll Penuro y gGr a ocd yna byneif 
a pbenkygborOr y deyrnas a g&yrda ereill o Loegyr, 
7 ac erchi anuon porth udunt. 8 Ar rei bynny ogyt 





■' 5 ai'll 

1 


toll6yr 


1 c. 

- odyna, B. 


3 B. C. 

1 vna. B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 295 

bishop of Bath consecrated him king, by the autho- 
rity of a cardinal from Rome and the legate of the 

pope ; and thereupon he was erowned, and received 
the cross. That year, llowel. sou of Gruffudd, son of 
Cynan, 'being an excellent young man. and beloved 
by all,' died, and was buried at Aberconway. 

1217. The ensuing year, there was a council at 
Oxford, held by the a co-knights of king Henry; and 
therein it was treated of peace and a compact be- 
tween them and Louis, the son of the king of France, 
and the men of the North. And, since they came to 
no settlement, Louis Bailed for France, to obtain ad- 
of Phillip, his father, as to matters he might in 
future execute in England. In thai interval, the men 
of the king rose against his allies, and made many 
attacks upon them. And from thence they proi 
to Winchester, and compelled the garrison to deliver 
the castle to them, and they took possession of the 
other castles, which had been delivered up to Louis, 
3 and drew to them many of the confederates of 
Louis.' In that interval, Louis returned to England, 
accompanied by a small retinue. And then, on account 
of his coming, the North men and the French grew 
bolder, and proceeded to the city of Lincoln, which 
they got possession of, and fought against the garri- 
son. However, the garrison defended the castle faith- 
fully and bravely, and sent messengers to William 
Marshall, earl of Pembroke, the man who was then 
elder and chief counsellor of the kingdom, and to 
other good men of England, praying that assistance 
should be sent to them. And these, by common con- 



:i '"' entertainers 



B. > y, B. 

ac at, is. I « V, /;. 



29G BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOff. 

gyghor ft a gynnullas.sant holl gedernit Llocgyr y-vi 
ac Dynt y uynct y nerthockau' y castellwyr, kanys 
gOell oed gantunt teruynu ' eu bywyt yn ganmoledic 
dros rydit 'eu teyrnas no chyt odef ac •' aghylVeithcu 
'-'[ac an ordyuynedic geithOet] ' y Ffreina Ac yna 
tynnu ataaethant yn aruaOc uarchaOclu tu a Lincol. 
A cher bron y pyrth cyweiryaG 'eu bydinoed ae 
gOSSOt y ymlad ar gacr. Ae yna y Gnglrdwyr ar 
Freinc a ymwisgassant y OrthGynebu udunt. Ac 
yscynnu y muroed ae amdiffyn yn GraOl awnaethant, 
A guedy ymlad yn kir o bop tu, ef a 8 diasgella&d 
bydin y artli y Uu yr honn ydoed iarll Kaer *LoyO 
a I '. i ' <-('ii Bre&ys yny Iiartein, a thrdy dr(s dieithyr ar 
y castell y deuthant y my6n, a chyrchu y dinaa 
aOnaethant a gOneuthur diruaGr aerua fl or Freinc ar 
Gogledwyr. Ac Gynteu wedy ' eu haruthraO agyni- 
erassant eu fib, "ac megys ynvydyon pob mi o nadunt 
7 a ymgudyei yn y lie kyntaf y kaffei. Ac yna y 
kyrehaOd gOyr Henri urenhin y pyrth, ac y torras- 
sant ac y deuthant y myGn. Ac yinlit y ffbodron ae 
Had ae dala ae carcharu, ac yny vrOydyr honno y 
debt iarll Caer Wynfc a iarll Heulbrd a Robert ab 
Guallter, ac y lias iarll * Perth" y bonhedickaf - [hayach] 
or Ffreinc, a SymGnt ° Dypessi, a Hu Dyroc, a Gil- 
bert iarll Ciar, a Robert Derupel, a Rein aid Dy Cressi 



;L ' "' agytssynyassant o vn vryt, ac vn edyllys ar 
gynullaO boll gerdennyt ykytaruolldyr ygyt y vynet y 
nerthaO 

' ,/ " anyledussyon ac andiodefcdigyon d re then a chyf- 
rcithyeu 



1 y. IS. 

■Ii. 

3 diadellaOd, B. 



1 Llion, n. 

5 ary, I). 
'• a, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 297 

scut, :l collected the whole strength of England, to 
proceed to the support' of the garrison; for they 
deemed it better to terminate their lives worthily for 
the liberty of their country, than to bear with '• the 
unjust laws' -and unaccustomed bondage' of the 
French. And thereupon they, as armed cavalry, drev 
towards Lincoln, and in front of the gates they 
arranged their forces, and placed them to fight against 
the city. And then the North men and the French 
arrayed themselves to oppose them, and ascended 
the walls, and made a gallant defence. And after 
long fighting on every side, a detachment made a 
flank movement from the army that was led by the 
earl of Caer 4 Loyw and Foulke Bruse ; and through 
an unfrequented door they came in upon the castle, 
and so attacked the city, and made immense slaughter 
of the French and the North men. who, being terrified, 
took to flight, and, like simpletons, every one of them 
bid himself in the first place he could find. Anil then 
the men of king Henry proceeded to the gates, which 
they broke, ami came in, pursuing and killing and 
taking and capturing the fugitives. In that battle the 
earl of Winchester and the earl of Hereford, and Robert 
Fitz Walter were taken; and earl 8 Percy, the noblest 
-almost of the French, and Simon "de Vescy,' and 
Hugh de Koch, and Gilbert, earl of Clare, and Robert 



"'"'agreed unanimously, and with one will, upon 
assembling all the strength of his confederates to pro- 
ceed to the support 

l, ' /l1 the unjust and unendurable taxations and Jaws 



' yr, B. 

" I'erssi, B. Tcrsin, E. 
•Depessi, B. dc Persi, E. 



C 



BRUT V TYWTSO 

abyl BLaer Lleon, a Geralfc ' [DifGrnenaGs] iarll. a 
o roi in-ill '[pennaf]. Ac anneiryf o nadunt 
a vodea yn yr anon, ac uelly ydymchoelaGd gGyr y 
brenhin yn llaOen '-[draclK-uenl <\v(<y noli BuG y gGr 
-ili rydit yr bobyl. Ac yna yn ofnaGc y peidy- 
a6d Lowys-ac yinlad ar castelJ ; | Katint], ac y bryssy- 
aOd y Lundein. Ac anuon kenadeu aOnaeth y Ft'reinc 
yn ol nerth. Ac yna y kedGis g&yr y brenhin y 
porthueyd a diruaGr In gantunt. Ac yna y doeth y 
fe'freinc y LOylaO y moroed a diuessur - [o] lyges gan- 
tunt ; a cbyr bronn Aber auon Temys y bu ymlad 
Uogeu y r •;• y Saesson ar Ffreinc, a gGedy a Had 
Uader or Freinc y syrtha&d y audugolyaeth yr Saes- 
son. Ac odyna yn hyfiyt y\ ymhoelassant drachefyn 
w< -.I;. gGarchae Lowys yn Llundein. YgkyfrOg hynny 
o 8 damwein y ,; kymu Reinald y BreOys ar brenliin. 
A phan welas Rys lenanc ac OGein ineibon Grutfud 
ab Bys 7 [vod] y bewytbyr yn mynet yn erbyn yr 
aruoll aduatlioed Orth wyrda Lloegyr a Chyniry. 
KLyfodi yny erbyn a Gnaethant a goresgyn Buellt 
"II y arnao ''eithyr y 8 kestyll.' Ac yna y UidiaOd 
liefyb Llywelyn ab Iorwoertb 8 [tyGyssaGe Gwyned] 
yn erbyn Reinald y BreOys, "a tborri yr' aruoll ac 
yd ,0 aruaethaGd y lu hyt ym BreclieinaOe. Ac y 
c cychOynnaOd Orth ymlad ac Aber Hodni ac aruaetbu 
y disfcryG oil. Ac yna " yd hedychaOd a gGyr y dref a 



» - dab. & 7 athri kastell. 

c2 ky6eira0d y vydinoed el 8 bGrdeisseit 



1 u. c. 

:| Onathoed, B. 



■ C. E. 

5 dumOcineu, B. 
'' kymodaOd, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 299 

de Rupcl iiiul lvlu'inalU. de Uressy, constable of Uaer 
leon, and carl Gerald Me Furneuale,' with many other 
3 chief bains, were killed; and a vast Dumber of them 
were drowned in the river. Ami thus the kin- 
men joyfully returned -back, praising God, Who had 
wrought freedom for the people. And then, being in 
fear, Louis desisted from attacking the ensile * of 
Canterbury,' and hastened to London, from whence he 
despatched messengers to France for assistance. Ami 
then the king's men guarded the ports with a vasl 
army. And the French eame and navigated the 
with an Immense fleet. And Dear the efflux of thi 
river Thames there was a naval fight between the 
English and the French ; and after many of the French 
had been a killed, the victory fell to the English, who 
joyfully returned from thence, having shut up Louis 
in London. In that interval. Rheinallt de Bruse and 
the king by chance became reconciled. And when 
young Rhys and Owain, the sons of Gruffudd, son of 
Rhys, saw that their uncle was going against the 
treaty which he had entered into with the good men 
of England and Wales, they rose, up against him 
wrested the whole of Buellt from him, except '' the 
castles.' Then also Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth. '-'prince 
of Gwynedd,' became angry with Rheinallt de Bruse; 
and, breaking the treaty, he directed his army to- 
wards Brecheiniog ; and he c commenced by attacking 
Aberhodni, which he designed totally to destroy. And 
thereupon, the d men of the town made peace with 



''-captured, ''' 7 three castles. 

c ' a directed his troops d8 burgesses 



" castell, B. 

' ' am dorri y, B. 



10 arOedaGd, //. 

" y, B. 



300 1MUT Y TYWY.SuGIO.V. 

Llywelyn drOy Rys ieuanc oed gymeredic gymodrodc* 
y rygfcunt gan rodi pum gfcystyl y Ly&elyn o uon- 
hedigyon y dref ar data can mere idaG kan ny ellynt 
y OrtJiOynebu. Ac odyna yd arwedaOd y lu y WJryr 
dros y Mynyd Du, yny He y perigla6d UaGer 'o 
sOmereu. Ac yna y pebyllyaGd yn Llan GiOc. A 
gGedy gOelet <* Reinald 8 [ac o Oiliam] y Brewys y 
diffeifchGch ydoed Lywelyn yny wneutlmr 3 yn y gyf- 
oeth ef agymerth wheel) marchaOc urdaOl y gyt ac 
ef ac adoeth y ymrodi y Lywelyn Orth y gyghor. 
Ac ynteu arodes castell Sein Henyd idaO a hOnnO a 
orcIiyinynnaOd Llywelyn dan gadGryaeili llys Gryc. 
A g6edy fcrigyaO yno ycliydic o dydyeu a arOein y 
liydinoed a 4 oruc ~ [y] rygfcaG a Dyfet yn erbyn y 
Filandraswyr ' yn eruyneit hedOch y gantaO, Ac nyt 
edeOis y tywyssaGc y aruaeth namyn tynn y HaMfford 
;i ' w nactli. A chyweiryaG y vydinoed ygkylch y dref 
a j- uedyr ymlad a lii. Ac yna ydaeth Rys ieuanc 
a lleg o wyr y Delieii y gyt ac ef ydoed yn y har- 
Oein drdy avon Gledyf. A dynessau tu ar dref aGnaetli 
ar niuer hGnn.6 y gyt ac ef y ymlad yn gyntaf ar 
dref. Ac yna 6 ydoeth IorOerth escob MynyO a Hater 
n grefyd6yr ac eglOyss&yr y gyt ac ef yn dyuot att 
.>' tydyssaOe. ac 7 yn aruaetliu iiuryf B tagnefed ac ef. 
A llyma y ttiiriif, nyt amgen rodi o nadunt yr ty- 
wyssaOc ugein ! ' [6ysfcyl Oros Aplienuro o rei boncd- 
hicea ar tain mil] o vorkeu - [idaG] erbyn g6yl Vi- 
llage! nessaf, neu Gynteu a Grheynt idaO erbyn liynny, 



■■' "' adyuot aornc hyt Ygkeuen Kynuarchan, ac yno 
ykyuarnu kennadeu ac ef ygan Yfflandrassdyr. 



1 ae, B. 
- is. 
8 ar. B. 



'mac-tii, B. 
oruc, B. 
uacbaf, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PltlHCBS. 301 

Llywelyn, through young Rhys, who became an 
accepted arbitrator between them, by delivering five 

hostages to Llywelyn, of the gentlemen of the town, 

(hat they would pay him a hundred marks, since they 
could not oppose him. And from thence he conducted 
his army to Gower, over the Black Mountain, where 
many sumptera were endangered; ami then he encamped 
at Llangiwg. When Rheinallt -ami William' de Bruse 
observed the devastation that Llywelvn "\v;is coin- 
mitting in his territory, he took six noble knights 
with him. and came to give himself up to the disposal 
of Llywelyn, who gave him the castle of Senghenydd, 
which Llywelyn had entrusted to the custody of Rhys 
the Hoarse. And after remaining there a few days, 
a he led his army towards Dyvod, against the Fleni- 
who were suing for peace from him. Yet the 
prince did not give up his purpose, but drew towards 
Ifavcrfnid, and arranged his troops round the town, 
with the intention of fighting against it. And there- 
upon, young Rhys, at the head of a body of the men 
of the South, of whom he was leader, went through 
the river Cleddyv, and approached the town, having 
that retinue with him, in order to attack the town 

first. And then, Iorwerth, bishop of Mcncvia. ;ici i- 

panied by many of* the religious and clergy, came to 
the prince, and proposed terms of peace to him. And 
these were the terms, namely, they were to give the 
prince twenty ''hostages from Rhos and Pembroke, of 
the noblest, that they would pay him a thousand ' 
marks by next Michaelmas; or otherwise they were to 



*' 10 lie came to Cevn Cynwarchan, where messengers 
met him from the Flemings. 



: y, B. • C. E. 

- tagncf, B. ,0 C. 



302 BRUT V TYWYSOGION. 

ac y kynhelynt y danaG yn dragywydaGL A gOedj- 
liynny ydymclioelaOd paOb y wlat. Ac ygkyfrug 
liynny y traetliGyt am dagnofV-d y rdg Henri urenhin 
LloegyT a Lowys uab brenhin Ffreinc. Ac ual hynn 
v bu y dagneved y rygtunt, nyt amgen talu o Henri 
vn-iiliin y ieirJl a barGneit y deyrnas y kyfreitheu ' ae 
gossodeu' y buassei :1 yr ai'reol ' oe hachaOs y rygtunt 
a Ieiian urenhin, a -gellGg pa6b or carcharoryon a 
ilaly.ssit o achate y Vi ryfel liOnnO/ a tlialu diruaOr sOmp 
aryant y LoOys uab brenhin Ffreinc, drOy dygliu o 
bonaO ynteu deyrnas Loegyr yn dragywydaGl. Ac yna 
gOedy cacl 8&mp o aryant ac ell6g a [o] sentens yskyra- 
undaOt y mordOyaGd yn Ffreinc. Ac yna y bu kyff- 
redyn ellygdaOt o wabardedigaeth yr eglGysseu drOy 
boll deyrnas Loegyr a Chyinry ac iGerdon. YgkyfrOg 
liynny yd ymladaOd GOilim Marscal a Cliaer Llion, ac 
y goreskynnaGd kany chytsynyassei y Kyinry ar 
dagnefed uchot gan dybygu 8 [y] ebrygofi :i [yn] y 
kymot 8 [neu ydiel£>i|. Ac yna y distry&aOd Rys Gryc 
gasteU Sein Kenyd a boll gestyll GOhyr 3 [ae ke- 
dernit]. Ac y deholea y giGa&t Saesson a oedynt yny 
wlat honno oil hob 4 obeitha6 ymcboelufc bytb drach- 
ri'yn gan gymryt kymeiut ac afynaOd B o da, a dodi 
Kyinry y bressOylaO yn y tired. 



MCCXVIII, Y ulOydyn rac Gyneb y rydhaaOd y Grist- 
unogaeth y wyr y Dekeu, ac y rodet Kaer Uyrdin ac 
Aber Teifi 3 [y] dan gad6ryaetb Llywelyn uab Ior- 



: '' :| yryucl ''' ;l ryueloed liynny, 



•' oe gos3odedigaethau, B. 3 B. 

« gollOjr, 13. 



i in: CHBONICLE OF THE PRIX< KS, 303 

Jo homage to him by (lint time, and wore to hold 
under him for ever. And after that every our re- 
turned t" his country. An. I in thai interval pacifica- 
tion was declared between Henry kin-- of Kngland, 
and Louis, sou of the king of France, And the 
ncation was thus between them, namely, king Henry 
was to restore to the earls and barons of the kingdom 
the laws and institutions, on account of which tt the 
disturbance' had taken place between them and king 
John ; and each party was to liberate the prisoners 
taken on account of ' ' tli.it war;' and an immense sum 
of money was to lie paid to Louis, the son of the king 
dl' France, he forswearing the kingdom of England for 
ever. Then, after obtaining the sum of money, and 
being absolved 3 from the sentence of excommunication, 
he sailed for France. And then, there was an univer- 
sal remission of the interdiction of the churches, through 
the whole kingdom of England and Wales and Ire- 
land. In that interval, William Marshall fought aj 
Caerleon, and took it; for the "Welsh had not con- 
sented to the above pacification, supposing the 
ment to have been forgotten, s or disregarded.' And 
then Rhys the Hoarse destroyed the castle of Senghen- 
ydd, and all the castles of Gower, "'and their strength.' 
And he expelled the English population that were in 
that country entirely, so that they had no hope ever 
to return back, taking as much property as he chose, 
and placing Welshmen to dwell in the lands. 

1218. The ensuing year, Christianity was rendered 
free to the men of the South; and Caermarthen and 
Aherteivi wore put under the custody of Uvwelyu. 



a ' a the war '»' " those wars, 

4 obeith, #. I • oe, />'. 



304 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOtf. 

nroerfcli. A.c yna ydaeth Rys ieuanc 'e hunau' 8 [a hoi] 
dywysogion — drwy gyngor Llywelyn] y lya y brenhin 
o Deheubarth y wneufchur g6rogaeth idaG. Y ulOydyn 
honno ydaetb llawer o groeasogyon y Gaerussalem y 
r<>g y ivi yd aotli iarl] Kaer Lleon, a iarl] Marscal 
'[a Brian o 4 Vilisj, a llawer o wyrda ereill o Loegyr. 
Y ul'iy.lyn 1 1 ■ » 1 1 1 1 o y raord6ya&d Hud y Crisfconogyyn 
byt yn 6 Dametta. Ac yny biaen yn tywyssogyon 
yd oed brenhin Kaerussalem a phadriarch Kaerus- 
salem, a meistyr y demyl, a meistyr yr yspytty, a 
thywys b c Austria, ac ymlad ar dref a "orogant ae 
syn ; a. chaste]] a oed ygkanaO] yr auon wv.lv 
adeilat ar logeu 3 h&nnO a eskynnaOd y pererinyaGn ar 
y.-colyoii a-.- 7 :ie torra.ssant wedy Had HaOer or Saras- 
sinyeit a dala ereill 

mccxix. Y alGydyn rae Gyneb y priodea Rys Gryc 
uiivli iarl] Clar, ac y priodea Ion y BreOys Vargaret 
voicli Uywelyn nab Iorwoerth. Y nlOydj'n hoimo 
yrodea yr boll gyfoethaGe DuG dinas 8 Damiet yn 
yr Eifft a oed ar avon Nilus y hi } r C'ristonogyon 
aoed wedy blinaG o hir ymlad ar dinas ; kauys d&y- 
woJbl raeweledigaetb aberis y veint uarfeolyaeth 8 [ary 
bopyl] yny dinas hyfc na allei y rei buO gladu y rei 
tneirG. Kanvs y dyd y cahat y dinas ydoed mGy no 
fcheirmil o gyrll" y meirij ar byt yr heolyd megys k(m 
Ik-Ii y cladu. Ar dyd h&nnG yr molyant a gogonyant 
yr <_'iva'dyr y credyt archescob yny dinas. 



MCCXX. I'gein inlyned a deu cant a rail oed oet 
Crist pan dyrchafuyt corff Thomas uerthyr y gan 
Ystytlan archescob Keint, a chardinal o Ilufein, ac y 
dodet yn enrydedus y my On yscrin o gywreimveith 



" chun, B. I s B. 

■ C.E. I * Lile, C. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 305 

son of Iorwerth. And then young Rhys went him- 
self, -ami all the princes, — by the advice of Llyw- 
elyn,' to the court of the king, from South Wales, to 
dn him homage. That year, many crusaders went to 
Jerusalem, among whom went the carl of Caerleon, 
and earl Marshall, a and Bryan de 4 Yille," with many 
other good men from England. That same year, an 
armament of Christians sailed to 5 Damietta, whose 
Kadeis were the king of Jerusalem, and the patri- 
arcll of Jerusalem, and the master of the Temple, and 
the master of the Hospital, and the prince of Austria. 
They attacked the town, and obtained possession of 
it ; and there was a castle in the middle of the river, 
constructed upon ships ; that was scaled by the pil- 
grims with ladders, and they demolished it. after 
killing many of the tSaracens, and capturing others. 

1219. The ensuing year, Rhys the Hoarse married 
the daughter of the earl of Clare ; and John de Bruse 
married Margaret, the daughter of Llywelyn, son ..!' 
Iorwerth. That year, the Almighty God delivered 
the city of 6 Damietta in Egypt, which was upon the 
river Nile, to the army of the Christians, who were 
wearied with long fighting against the city ; for 
Divine providence caused such mortality 8 among the 
people' in the cit}', that the living could not bury the 
dead ; as, on the day the city was obtained, more 
than three thousand dead bodies were found about 
the streets, like dogs, unburied. And on that day, 
to the praise and glory of the Creator, an archbishop 
was consecrated in the city. 

1220. One thousand two hundred was the year of 
Christ, when the body of Thomas the. Martyr wa,s 
raised by Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, and a 
cardinal from Rome, and was honourably deposited 



1 Dannetta, B. ' a, B. 

" Onaethaut, B. \ H Dannet, B. 



300 BRUT V TYWTSOGION. 

eur ac aryant a mein gOertbuaGr ynogkiys y DrindaGt 
Ygkeint. Y ulOydyn lionno ' [gwyl Ievan y kols 
in-siif ar hynny] y gelwiB Llywelyii ab IorOoerth 
attad ganmOyaf tywyssogyon Kymry oil, a chynullaO 
dim a/a- hi aoruc am bens Fflandrasswyr Eos a Pben- 
uro, am dorri onadunt yr hedOch ar gygreir aGnath- 
oed wyr Lloegyr y r6g y Saeson ar Kymry, drOy 
wneutliur mynycli gyrclieu ar y Cymry ac aflonydu 
arnunt. Ar dyd kyntaf y cyrchaOd gastell Arbertli 
yr hOnn aadeilassei y Flandrasswyr wedy y distryO 
or Kymry kynno hynny. A cliael y ca.stell y dreis 
ri/uiarth ae v&rG yr UaGr, wedy Had rei or casfcelhvyr 
a llosgi ereill aefaareharu ereill, A thrannoeth y dis- 
tryOaGd gastell GOis ac y llosges y dref. Y trydyd 
dyd y doeth y HaOlftbrd ac y llosges y dref oil byt 
ymportb y castcll. Ac uelly y cylchynaOd ef Ros a 
Den Gledyf pump niGarnaOt dvby wneutliur diruaOr 
aerua ar bobyl y Dlat. A gdedy gGneuthur kygreir 
ar Flandrasswyr byt galan Mei yd ymcboelaOd dra- 
cbef'yn yn llaOen byfryt. 



mccxxi. Y vlOydyn rac Gyneb ymagGyt temysc y 
r6g LlyGelyn ab IorOoerth a Gruffud y uab o achaGs 
kantref Meironnyd a darestygassei Ruffud idaO. 
acbaOs y sarbaadeu 2 a Gnatboed y kantref hGnnG 
idaO ac :1 y wyr. A llidyaOc vu Lywelyn am hynny, 
a eliynniillaG If u a cliyrcbn lie ydoed Ruffud drOy 
'vygOth y' dial yr bynt honno arnaG ac ar y wyr. 
Ac aros awnaeth Gruftud yn cliofyn dyuotyat y dat 
wedy kywi'iryaO y vydinoed ae lu. Ac yna ydedrych- 



■ r. /■;. | -.y, b 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE i'i;i:v 807 

in a shrine of curious workmanship of gold ami silver 
.-in. I precious stones, in the church of the Trinity, 
at Canterbury. That year, ' on the feasi of s. Jean 
de Collaees next after that,' Llywelyn, son of lor- 
ucrili, cited to him most of the princes of nil Wales, 
and collected a vast army to go against the Flem- 
ings of lihos and Pembroke, because of their breaking 
the peace and the treaty, which the men of England 
had made between tho English and the Welsh, 
by their committing iVeipient depredations upon the 
Welsh, and harrassing them. On the first day he 
attacked the castle of Arberth, which the Flemings 
had built, after having b.-rn formerly destroyed by 
the Welsh ; and he. obtained the castle, by force, and 
threw it to the ground, after killing Bome of the 
garrison, burning others, and capturing others. And 
the following day lie destroyed the castle of < 
and burned the town. The third day he came to 
Haverford, and burned the whole of the town to the 
castle gate. And thus he went round Rhos and Deu- 
gleddyv in five days, making vast slaughter of the 
people of the country. And after making a truce 
with the Flemings until the calends of May, lie 
returned back joyful and happy. 

1221. The ensuing year, a dispute was engendered 
between Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and his son Gruf- 
fudd, on account of the cantrev of Mcirionydd, which 
had been subjected by Gruffudd, because of the insults 
offered to him and his men by that cantrev. And 
Llywelyn became angry on that account, and collected 
an army, and proceeded to avIioiv Gruffudd was, 
threatening to revenge that proceeding upon him and 
upon his men. And Gruffudd boldly awaited the 
coming of his father, having arranged his troops and 



"'•. B | •' yygythyad, //. 

O 2 



30-S BRUT Y TTWtSOGION. 

ofcd doetbon bop tu meint y perigyl aoed yn 
dyuot. Ac annoc awnaetbant y Ruftud ymrodi ef 
1 oe da' yn ewyllys y dat, ac annoc a hefyt awnaeth- 
;mt y Lywelyn kymryt y nab yn hedGcb ac yn 
drugara6c aniadeu idaO gGbyl oe lit o ewyllys y gallon, 
ac uelly y gGnaethpGyt ; ac yna yduc Llywelyn gant- 
ref Meironnyd y ar Rutin d, a cliymGt ArdudGy. A 
dechren adeilat eastell 8 yndaO aGnaeth idaO ehun. 
SgkyfrGg liynny yllidya6d Rys ieuanc Grth yr argl&yd 
Lywelyn, ac yd ymedeGi.s ac ef ac ydaetli att Wilim 
Marscal iarll Penuro, o acbaGs rodi o Lywelyn Gaer 
I J) rdin y UaelgGn ab Ry.s, ac na rodei idaO ynteu 
Aber Teifi aoed yny rann pan ranndyt Debeubarth. 
Ac yna y deufcb Llywelyn aelu liyt yn Aber YstGytb. 
Ac y goresgynnafod y eastell ar kynoeth aoed OrfcliaO, 
ac ae dodos dan y arglGydiaeth elmn. Ac yna y 
kyrchaGd Elys Ieuanc lys y brenbin, a chGynaG aoruc 
drth )■ brenbin am y sarbaet awnatboed LyGeljn 
idaG. A a duunaG a6naeth y brenbin attaO LyCelyn a 
ieil'll a barOneit y Mars liyt yn AmGytliic. Ac yny 
kygor liGnnG y 8 kymodrodet Rys ieuanc a Llywelyn 
al. TorGoertli, ac yd edewls Llywelyn idaG Aber Teiui 
megys y rodassei Gaer Vyrdin y Vaelgfm ab Rys. Y 
ulGydyn bonno yd aeth llu y Cristonogyon 4 Danm-ii. 
yn yr Ei(l*t tu a Babilon Grth y in lad a lii, ac 113-8 
gadaOd dial DuO. Kanys llifaG aGnaetli anon Niln.s ar 
y fford "' [yr wytlmet dyd wyl Veir diwoethaf or 



a ° dyvynnu 



'' ar eidaO, 13. 3 kymydGyt, B. 

• j no, B. * Dannet, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OK THE PRINCES. .109 

his host. And thereupon, the wise on both sides ob- 
served the impending danger, and exhorted Qruffudd 
to deliver himself and his property up to Oh- will of 
his father. And they likewise exhorted Llywelyn in 
receive his son in peace and pity, and, from the bottom 
nf his heart, to forego the whole of his anger; and 
thus was it accomplished. And thereupon, Llywelyn 
took the cantrev of Meirionydd, and eoniot of Ardud- 
wy, from Qruffudd ; and commenced building a castle 
therein for himself. In that interval, young Rhys 
became angry with the lord .Llywelyn, and separated 
from him, and went to William Marshall, earl of 
Pembroke, because Llywelyn had given (Jaermarthen 
to Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and would not give Al-r 
teivi to him, which fell to his share when South 
Wales was divided. Then Llywetyn, with his army, 
came to Aberystwyth, and obtained possession of the 
castle, with the territory attached to it, and placed 
it under his own dominion. And then young Rhys 
1 'paired to the court of the king, and complained 
to the king of the insult that Llywelyn had offered 
him. And the king a assembled Llywelyn and the 
cails and barons of the marches to Shrewsbury. And 
in that council young Rhys and Llywelyn, son 
of Iorwerth, were reconciled; and Llywelyn relin- 
tjuislied Abertcivi in his favour, as lie had given 
Caermarthen to Maelgwn, son of Rhys, That y^', 
the army of the Christians of '' Damietta in Egypt 
proceeded towards Babylon, with the view of attack 
ing it; but the vengeance of God suffered it not; 
for the river Nile flooded over their way, '' the octave 



!V b summoned 



C | • D. 



310 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

kynhayaf'J, ae gOarchei r(»g d(>y iiibn yny vodes 
anneiryf o ' nadunt. 8 Ac yna keifchiwaG' ereill. Ac 
yna y goruu amunt dalu ;) Daniiet yr Sarassinyeit 
dradn.-lyn dros y bowyt ae rydit y keith, a gOneu- 
thm- kygreir Gytb mlyned ac Gynt. Ac *odyno y 
hebrygaOd y Sarassinyeit Oynt hyfc yn Acrys lie ny 
wydit dim y Orth groes Grist, naniyn trugared DuO 
c luiu ac talaOd udiuit. Y ul&ydyn honno 5 [am gylch 
gwyl Nicolaws] y kyOeiraOd Ion y BreOys gastell 
"jAlier Tawy a] 7 Sein Henyd drGy gennat a cliyghor 
Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth. 



Mi cxxil. Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb y bu uarG Rya 
ieuanc 6 [ap Gruffud ap yr arglwyd Rys yu was 
ieuang arderchawo y volyant ay huolder ay synnwyr 

ay brudder ay doethincli yn olcnat yr henyon yu 
haelder a chlot agem yr ieueing yu anryded agogon- 
yant atliegweli aclicdernyt anorcliynygedic yr march- 
ogyon yu golofyn atlrwr atbaryan y wlat yndat 
almgcil atliatniaeth yr ysgolheigyon yn wastadrwyd 
abonhed ahedwcli. Achannawl yr pobloed yn long 
a pliortliloed ac amdiffynwr yrgweinyeifc yn sathrwr 
ac amtbder ac ouyn y el yny on yn vn gobeitb y lioll 
DelieubartL a hynny drwy Mr nyclidawt Leint a 
dolur y mis Awst], ac y cladGyt yn Ystrat Fflur 
gGedy kymryt penyt acliyniyn a chyffes ae abit 8 [y] 
erefyd ymdanaO. A gOedy liynny y kanas Oweio ab 
Gruffud y vn braOt ran oc gyfoetli, a ran a rail arodes 
Llywelyn ab Iorwertli y YaelgGn ab Rys. Y vlOydyn 
honno y inordGyaGd GOilini Yarscal iarll Penuro y 
Iwerdon. 



1 hnnunt, B. i 3 Dannet, B. Dauiacbam, E. 

■' a cheithiad, B. * odyna, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF Till'. PRINCES. 311 

<>!' the least of St. Mary, last in the autumn, and 
they were bemmed in between two rivers, so that 
an immense number were drowned J ;uiil (lien the 
others were captured. And then they \\it\- 'Mm 
pelled to restore a l)ainietta back to the Saracens, to 
save their lives, and be freed from bondage, and to 
enter into a truec with them for eight years. And 
from thence the Saracens conveyed them to Acre, 
where nothing was known of the cross of Christ; but 
the mercy of God Himself rewarded them. That 
year, 6 about the feast of St. Nicholas/ John de 13ru.se 
repaired the castle of 7 Abertawy and' Senghenydd, 
by the permission and advice of Llywelyn. son of 
Iorwerth. 

1222. The ensuing year, died young Rhys, 6 son <>l 
Gruffudd, son of the lord Rhys, being a young man 
famous for his praise and bravery and sense and wis- 
dom — the light of the old — the liberality and lame 
and gem of the young— the honour and glory and 
beauty and invincible strength of the knights — the 
pillar and tower of his country — the father and shep- 
herd and fosterfather of the scholars, — constancy, gen- 
tility, and peace ; — being a mediator for the people, a 
ship and harbour and a. defender to the weak — the 
treader and admiration and terror of his enemies — 
the sole hope of all South Wales — and that after a long 
and lingering disorder, in the month of August;' and 
was buried at Strata Florida, after taking penance and 
communion and confession and the habit of religion. 
And after that, Owain, son of Gruffudd, his only 
brother, obtained part of his territory, and another 
part Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, gave to Maelgwn, son 
of Rhys. That year, William Marshall, earl of Pem- 
broke, sailed to Ireland. 



" C. I ' Not in c. 



.'ill' BRUT Y TYWY80GI0N. 

mccxxiii. Y vl6ydyn rac Gyneb y doetb Goilim 
Varscal <> Iwerdon, alluossogrOyd o varcliogyon ;v 
phedyt gantaG 'a diruaOr lyges - [y vynut] yr tir 
amgylcb ttul y Blodeu. A duo Llun a [Pasc] y kyrch- 
aOd Aber Teiui, ar dyd bOnnO y rodet y castell idaO; 
a duO Merchyr rac Gyneb y tynnaOd y Gaer Uyrdin, 
ac y kauus y castell hOnnG hefyt. A plian gigleu 
Llywelyn uab lorwoerth liynny y g&r ydoed gadGr- 
yaetb y kestyll gantaG o blegyt y brenliin amion 
Grufud y uab aoruc a diruaOr luossogrGyd o ]u gantaO 
y (rthOynebu yr iarll. A pban gigleu Grufud not 
bryt y iarll ar dyaot y Getweli, kyrclm * awnaeth 
adylyedogyou Kymry y gyt ac ef. il A choffau 
aOnaeth / Rys Grye rac brat y gan y bCrgeisseit, a 
cheisaaO kyffiroi y Kymry y diogeldch y eoedyd, ac 
nys 5 gadyssant namyn kyrclm y dref aOnaethant, a 
Qo8gi y dref ar egl6ys byt y prid. A phan gigleu y 
iarll liynny kyrclm drOy Tywi awnaeth y bont Gaer 
Vyrdin. Ac aros Gruffud ab Llywelyn yn ebofyn 
a a (maetli. A gOedy bir ymlad y rann vOyaf or d}*d 
yiucboelut a wnaeth pob un or tleu lu y Crth y 
gilyd y 7 pebylleu wedy Had liawer o bop tu, a bratliu 
creill. Ac yna rac neGyn ydymclioeladd Gruffud ab 
Llywelyn b y wlat dracbefyn.' Ac yna y kyweiraOd 
y iarll gastell Kaer Vyrdin. Ac y deebreuaOd adeilat 
kastell Kil Gerran. Ny bu bell Gedy dechreu y 
gdeith yny docth llythyreu attaO y gan y brenliin, 



a ' h Ac ofynliau aoruc ''' 8 oe Olat. 



' nivlni, B. I 3 B. 

' B- C I ' a oruc, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 313 

1223. The ensuing year, William Marshall returned 
from Ireland with a multitude of cavalry and infantry, 

and came 2 up to land with a vast fleet about Palm 
Sunday. And on 3 Easter Monday he approached A her- 
teivi ; and on that day the castle was delivered to 
him ; and on the Wednesday following he drew to 
( 'ai'iniarthen, and obtained that castle also. And 
when Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, heard that, — the 
person who had the custody of the castles, on the 
part of the king, — he sent GruM'udd his son with a 
very numerous army to oppose the earl. And when 
Gruffudd understood that it was the intention of the 
carl to come to Oydweli, he proceeded towards it, 
accompanied by the nobility of Wales. And Rhys 
the Hoarse :l reminded them that they were to guard' 
against the treachery of tin' burgesses, and endea- 
voured to excite the Welsh to seek the safety of the 
woods; but they did not give way, for they pro- 
ceeded to the town, and burned tin; town and the 
church to the ground. When the earl heard of this, 
he proceeded through the Tywi by the bridge of Caer- 
niarthen, and boldly awaited Gruffudd, son of Llyw- 
elyn. And after continued fighting for the greater 
part of the day, each of the two armies separated and 
returned to their tents, after killing many on both 
sides, and wounding othei-s. And then, for lack of 
provision, Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, returned ''back 
to his country.' Then the earl repaired the castle of 
Caermarthen ; and began to build the castle of Cil- 
gerran. It was not long after the work, was com- 
menced, before there came letters to him from the 



&' 8 was afraid h ' 8 from his country. 



5 gadassant, B. ' bcpyllu, B. 

6 oruc, B. 8 B. 



314 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ac archeBcob Keint y erclii idaO dyuut yny briaM 
ber on y atteb ger y bron OyntOy ac y wneutbur 
iaOn am aOnathoed ac y gymryt iaOn y gan y tyw- 
yssaOc am bop c;un or aOnatbocd idaO. Ar iarll a 
ui'udbaaOd yr a gorcbymynneu a mordOyaO a ' Onaeth 
y myOn Hog hyt yn Llocgyr gyfc ac ychydic o nifer, 
ac adaO y lu Ygkilgerran y gynal y gOeith decbren- 
edic ac y - nertliockau y lie y ''gOelynt berigyl. Ac 
ymdangos aOnaetbant y gyt yn LlOtlaO y tywyssaOc 
3 [ygyt] ar iarll gyr bron kyglior y brenhin ararch- 
escob. A gOedy naellit cu kyinot aruaetlm aOnaeth y 
iarll drOy nertb iarll FerOr, a Henri 4 Pictot arglOyd 
Euas dyuot drOy gyuocth c y tywyssaOc' tu ae wlat, 
ac nys gallaOd. Kanys Llywelyn ab Iorvvoerth 6 a 
anuonassei' Rnifud y nab a diruaOr hi y gyt ac efj a 
Rys Gryc ae wyr hyt G YgkarnywyllaOn y ragot y 
iarll ae wyr 7 [ac yno y lias efj. Ac ynteu LyOelyn 
ae boll allu adeutb byt yra niab Udrut. Ac yno 
aros chOedlen a wnaetb y Ortb y wyr, ac y Orth 
dyuotedigaeth y iarll. 



mccxxiv. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb yd aetb koleint or 
I'y GOyn y bressOylaO 7 fyr brynn wylovns] y GOyndir 
yn Iwerdon. 

MCC'XXV. Y vlOydyn arall rac UaO y bu uarO Kt<l- 
iuor abat Ystrat Fflur. 

mccxxvj. Y nlOydyn rac UaO y bu narO Lowys 
vrenbin Ffreinc. 



a s gorcbymirn '• :{ gellynt 

''•'' hOnnO 



1 oruc, B. J B. 

■ nerthaO, B. \ « Rigot, B. 



THE < HRONICLE OF THE PRINCES, 315 

king find the archbishop of Canterbury, requiring him 
to come in his proper person to answer before them, 
and to make satisfaction for what he had dime, and 
in ivrt.'ivc satisfaction from the prince for every wrong 
he had dune him. And the earl obeyed the »com 
mands, and sailed with a small retinue in a Bhip for 
England, leaving his army at Cilgerran, bo cany on the 
work commenced, and to .strengthen the place where 
they might b observe danger. And the prince and the 
carl appeared together at Ludlow before the council of 
the king and the archbishop. And since they could 
not be reconciled, tin; earl designed through the aid of 
earl Ferers and Henry Pictot, lord of Ewias, to pro- 
ceed through the territory of c the prince' to his own 
country; but he was not able, because Uywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth, had sent his son Grufludd, and a 
large army with him, and Rhys the Hoarse, and his 
men, to Carnwyllon, to intercept the earl and his 
men, " and there was he slain.' And Llywelyn him- 
self, with all his power, proceeded to Mabudrud ; and 
there he waited lor tidings from his men, and as to 
the advance of the earl. 

1-iM?. The ensuing year, a convent went from the 
White House to dwell 7 on the hill of lamentation' 
at Whitland in Ireland. 

L225. The other forthcoming year, Gedivor, abbot of 
Strata Florida, died. 

1226. The forthcoming year, Louis, king of France, 

died. 



" command. •' y be capable of 

c ' a that person 



*• anuones, B. ' E. 

'■ YgkaraGallaGn, B. 



310 IJRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Mccxxvn. Y uluydyn rac 6yneb y delit Rya Gryc 
yn ' Llanarfcbneu y gan Rys Vychan y vab, a fckros 
gastell IJ.in Ymdyfri y geliygwyt. Y ulOydyn bonno 
y l>u uarG Maredud nab yr arglOyd Rys archdiagoi) 
KeredigyaGn yin 2 [eglwys Veir yn Llanbedyr TalJ 
Pout Ystyffan, ac y ducpGyt y gorft" y VynyO ae y 
cladOyt yn enrydedus y gan Iorwoerth escob MynyO 
yn eglfiya 3 [DeOi] gyr JlaO bed yr arglOyd Rys y dat. 



MCCXXVUL Y vldydyn rac Gyneb y clocth Henri 
1 1 \iviiliin | a chedernit Lloegyr y gyt ac ef y Gyinry, 
ac aruaethu darest&g LlyweJyn ab Iorwoerth a Ji«>U 
( I \ \v vssogyon Kynny idaO. Ac yny lie aehvir G Ivori 
y pebyllyadd ; ac or tu arall yr coet yd yingynullaGd 
y Kyniry y gyt a UyCielyn ab Iorwoerth " eu tyw- 
yssaOc y DrfchOynebu yr brenhin. Ac yna kyrchu 7 y 
gelynyon awnaetliant ac ynilad ac 6ynt yn duruig, a 
gOneutlmr dhnaOr aerua arnunt. Ac yno y delit 
CJoilim BrcOys ieuanc yn vrathedic, ac y carcharuyt ; a 
fcbros y ellygdaOt ef y rodet y Lywelyn ab Iorwoerth 
gastell Buellt ar wlat a diruaOr sOmp o aryant. Ac 
yna yd yndioelaOd y brenhin y Loegyr yn geGilydyns, 
eithyr cael gOrogaeth o honaG y gan y tyOyssogyon 
aocdyut yno, a ti fFuruaG tagnefed y rygtaO a Llywelyn 
ab Iorwoerth. 

MCCXXIX. Y ulfiydyn rac Oyneb y bu nar6 Iorwoerth 
escob MynyO. 

MC'XXX. Deg inlyned arlmgeint adeucajit a j 1 1 1 1 oed 
Crist pan ° uordOyaOd Henri nrenhin a dirnaGr lu 
arnaOc y gyt ac ef y Ffreinc ar uedyr enill y 
dylyet o Norrnandi ar AngiO ; a PheittaO. Ac yn 



' Llanarth, E. 


*E. 


- C. Llanbcdr Tal, E. 


6 Kcri, 13. 


3 Ii. C. 





THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 317 

1227. The ensuing year, Rhys (lie Hoar-.' was rap 
fcured at ' Llanarthnen by his son, Rhys the Little; 
and for the castle of Llanymddyvri nvms liberated. 
That year, Maredudd, son of the lord Rhys, arch 
deacon of Ceredigion, died "in the church of St. Mary, 
at Llanbedr Tal ' Pont Stephan, and his body was 
conveyed to Menevia, where he was honourably bu- 
ried by lorwerth, bishop of Menevia, in the church 
3 of St. David,' near the grave of the lord Rhys, his 
father. 

122s. The ensuing year, 4 king Henry, having with 
him the strength of England, came to Wales, intrud- 
ing to subjugate Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, and all 
the Welsh princes; and encamped in the place called 
Ceri ; and on the other side of the wood, the Welsh, 
with Llywelyn, son of rorwerth, their prince, assem- 
bled to oppose the king. And there they attacked 
their enemies, and fought witli them furiously, mak- 
ing past slaughter of them. And there young William 
Brnse was taken wounded, and imprisoned ; and for 
his liberation the castle of Buellt, with the district, 
and a vast sum of money, was given to Llywelyn, son 
of lorwerth. And then the king returned to Eng- 
land with shame, only he obtained the homage of 
the princes, who were there, and formed a pacification 
between him and Llywelyn, son of lorwerth. 

1229. The ensuing year, lorwerth, bishop of Men- 
evia, died. 

1230. One thousand two hundred and thirty Mas 
the year of Christ, when king Henry, having with 
him a vast armed host, sailed for France, with the 
intention of obtaining his right as to Normandy and 
Anjou and Poictoti. And soon after that, on account 



y, B, 
en, B. 



phuruahu, B. 
vordydaOd, B. 



318 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ebrGyd wedy hynny o achaOs fcymhesfcyl a mar&olyaetb 
driiy y dOyllaG oe aruaetb yd ymchoelaOd y Loegyr. 
Y vl&ydyn lionno y bu \rarO GOilim OamtaOn o Gemeis. 
Ac yna y bu uarO Llywelyn ab Maelgfm ieuanc yn 
gyuoetb YggOyned, ac y clad6yt yn Aber ConOy yn 
enrydedas. Y vlOydyn lionno y croget GOilim BreGys 
ieuanc y gan Lywelyn ab Iorwoerth wedy y dala yn 
ystauell y tyGyssa&c gyt a ' [dwysoges Sioned] mercli 
Ieuean urenhin gOreie y fcywyssaOc. 

MCCXXXI. Y vUiydyn rac Gyneb y bu uar6 Maelgfm 
uab Rys yn Llanerch Aeron, ac y cladGyt yn y 
eabidyldy yn Ysfcrat Fflur. Y vldydyn Ivonno yd 
adeilaOd Henri urenhin gastell Paen yn Eluael. 
Odyna 2 [o] achate a teruysc a vuassei' y rOg Uywelyn 
ab IorOoerth ar brenbin y llosges LlyOelyn dref y 
eastell Baldwin a Maeshyfeid ar Gelli ac Aber Hodni, 
ac a distryOaOd y kestyll liyfc y llaGr. ;! Odyna y 
tynnaGd y Went ac y gCnaetb Gaer LI ion yn lludO 
kyt collit bonedigyon yno. Ac odyna y '■ kycliGyn- 
naGd y gestyll Ned a cliastell Ketweli ac y byryaOd 
yr llaOr/ Y ulOydyn lionno y llosges MaelgGn ieuanc 
4 [a])] MaelgOn ab Rys Aber Teiui liyt ymporth y eas- 
tell ac y UadaGd yr boll 5 vGrgeisseit, ac °a ymcboel- 
a6d yn vudugaO] wedy cael diruaGr anreith ac amylder 
yspeil. Ac odyna ydymchoelaOd ac y torres pont 
Alii-r Teiui. Ac ''odyna y doeth 2 [ef ] att Owein ab 
Gruffud ' [ap yr arglwydd Rys i gefnderw] a gGyr 



:L ' " teruysgeu avagyssit 

b ' ~ kyfuchaOd kestyll Ned achastell KetOeli ar 
Ham-. 



1 E. 3 Yna, B. 

* D. ' B. a. A. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. .119 

of a storm and mortality, being disappointed of hit 

purpose, he returned to England. That year, William 
Canton of Cemaes died. Then young Llywelyn, son 
of Maelgwn, died, on liis estate in Gwynedd, and 
was honourably buried at Aberconway. That year. 
William Bruse was hanged by Llywelyn. sen of 
lorwerth, kaving been caught in the chamber of the 
prince, with ! the. princess Jannet/ daughter of king 
John, and wife of the prince. 

1231. The ensuing year, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 
died at Llanevch Aeron, and was buried in the chap- 
ter house at Strata Florida. That year, king Henry 
built Pain's Castle in Elvael. Then, on account of the 
a dispute which had taken place ' between Llywelyn, 
son of lorwerth and the king, Llywelyn burned the 
town and castle of Baldwin, and Maes Hyveidd, and 
Gelli, and Aberhodni, and razed the castles to the 
ground. From thence he drew into Gwent, and 
reduced Caerleon to ashes, whilst some gentlemen 
were lost there. And from thence he '» started for the 
castle of Nedd, and the castle of Cydweli, and cast 
them to the ground/ That year, young Maelgwn, 
4 son of Maelgwn, son of Rhys, burned Aberteivi to 
the gate of the castle, and slew all the burgesses, and 
returned victoriously, after obtaining vast spoil and 
a profusion of booty. Ami then he returned, and 
broke down the bridge of Aberteivi. And from 
thence he came to Owain, son of Gruffudd, ' sen of 
the lord Rhys, his cousin/ and the men of Llywelyn, 



a ' 7 disputes which had been fostered 
1/7 levelled the castles of Nedd, and the castle of 
Cydweli, with the ground. 



rdrdeisseit, B. ' 13. 

yd, D. I 



320 URUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth y ymlad ar caste!!, a chyn 
I " (i 1 1 ychydie o dydyeu y fcorrassant y castell amag- 
neleu. Ac y goruu ar y castellwyr adaG y muroed 
arodi y castell. 

MCCXXXII. Y ulOydyn rac 6ynelj y bu uarO Ton ' [y] 
BreGys o greulaGn ageu wedy y essigaG oe vai-cli. Ac 
yna y bu uarO iaill Kaer Lliun. Ac y bu uarG 
'-' Ybraham escob Llan 8 ElOy. 

m< < X.XXIH. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb ydatgyweiryaOd 
Rickert iarll 4 Penuro braOt Henri urenhin gastell 
Maessyfeid yr liGnn adistrywassei Lywelyn ab Ior- 
woerth yr ysdGy vlyned kyn no hynny. Y ulOydyn 
lionno a kyrchaGd Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth VrecheinaGc, 
ac y distryGaGd holl gestyll athrefyd y wlat, dr6y 
anreitliaO ac yspeilaG pop He. Ac ymlad achastell 
Aber Hodni vis a ,r '6naeth gyt a blifieu a magneleu, 
ac yny diwed " peidyaO dr6y ymchoelut y dref ' [oil] 
yn lludO. Ac 7 yna ar y ymlioel y llosges dref 
GolunOy ac y darostygaOd Dyffryn 8 TeueityaGc. Ac 
odyno ° [llosgi y Trail wng] y kyrchaOd y Castell 
Coch ac y byryaGd yr llaGr. Ac y llosges dref Croes 
Oswallt. Y ulOydyn honno y bu teruysc rGg Henri 
urenhin a llickert Marscal iarll Penuro. Ac yna y 
kytaruolles y iarll a Llywelyn uab Iorwoerth ac 
athyOyssogyon Kymry. Ac yny lie k3'nulla0 diruaGr 
lu aonic ef ac Owein ab Gruftud !l [ap yr arglwyd 
Ilys], a chyrchu am ben Aber 10 MynyG aGnaethant 
ae losgi a gOneuthur aerua o wyr y brenhin aoedynt 
yno yn kadO. Odyna yn ebrOyd y goresgynnassant 
hynn " [drevi a] gestyll, ' [nyt amgen] Kaer Dyf, 
ac Aber Gefenni, Penn Kelli, Blacn Llyfni, BOlch y 



' B. 4 Kernyt, B. 

• Efream, B. 5 oruc, B. 

3 E ly6, B. I 6 y peidaOd, B. 



TUB CHRONICLE OF Till'. PRINCES. 321 

son of Iorwerfcb, to fight against the castle, and 

before the end el" a lew days, they broke the ensile 
with engines ; and the garrison was compelled to quit 
the walls, and to deliver up the castle. 

1232. The ensuing year, John l de Brnso died of a 
cruel death, having been bruised by his horse. Then 
the earl of Caerleon died. And 2 Abraham, bishop of 
Llanelwy, died. 

1233. The ensuing year, Rickert, carl of 4 Pem- 
broke, brother to king Henry, repaired the castle of 
Maes Hyveidd, which had been destroyed by Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerfcb, two years previously. That 
year, Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, proceeded to Brech- 
einiog, and destroyed all the castles and towns of the 
country, ravaging and despoiling every place. And he 
fought against the castle of Aberhodni for a month, 
with missiles and engines, and in the end desisted, 
after reducing ' all the town to ashes. And then, on 
his return, he burned the town of Colunwy, and 
subjugated the Vale of Teveidiog. And after that, 
"having burned Trallwng/ he proceeded to the Red 
Castle, and razed it to the ground, and burned the 
town of Oswestry. That year, there was a dispute 
between king Henry and Rickert Marshall, carl of 
Pembroke. And then the earl entered into treat}' 
with Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and the Welsh 
princes ; and immediately he, and Owain, son of Gruf- 
fudd, "son of the lord Rhys/ assembled a vast army, 
and proceeded against Aber Mynyw, and burned it, 
and slaughtered the king's men, who were there in 
garrison. Afterwards, they soon reduced these ° towns 
and' castles, to wit, Cardiff and Abergavenny, Pen 
Gelli, Blaen Ltyvni, and Bwlch y Dinos, and razed 



' od y ii a, B. 
8 Teucidat, Ii. 



E. 

• MynyOy, Ii. 



fi22 in: f.'T Y TYWTSOGION. 

linn , ac ;\c byryassant oil yr llafa ' eithyr Kaer 
Dyf. Y nlOydyn honno ydymgynullaOd MaelgOn 
Vyclian ab MaelgOn ab Ry.s, ac Owein ab Gruffud 
8 [ap yr arglwydd Rya] 8 [a] Rys ft Gryc *ae meibon 
hdynteu, a llu Llywelya ab Ior6oerth, a llu iarll 
Penuro am benn Kaer Uyrdin. Ac yrolad a hi fcri- 
uiis agOnenthur nont ar Tywi aorugant. Ac yna y 
doeth y llogwyr yn aruaOc y gyt ar llanO y dorri y 
bont. A gOedy gOelet or Kymry na ffrOythei y hynt 
lidiint ymchoelut aOnaethant y gOlatoed. Y vlOydyn 
honno y bu uar6 Ry.s Gryc yn Llann PeilaO va6r, 
ac y cladOyt yni MynyO yn ymy] bed y dat. Y 
nlOydyn honno y gorft'ennaOd MaelgOn Vyclian °[ap 
Maelgwn ;\). Rys] adeilat castell Tref Ilan yr htan a 
dechreuassei UaelgOn y dat kynno hynny. 



mccxxxtv. Y nlOydyn rac Oyneb y brathOyfc Rickert 
iarll Penuro y niyOn brOydyr yn ° [y] Iwerdorj wedy 
y adaO oe narchogyon yn dGyllodras, a cliyn penn y 
pytheOnos y bu uarO. Y nlOydyn honno y gellygOyt 
Grufud ab LlyOelyn ab Iorwoeth Avedy y vot yg- 
kavchav win- blyned. Y vlGydyn honno y bu uarO 
l\.i(\valla'm nab Maelg6n Vaelenyd yny Cwm Hir. 

mccxxxy. Y vlGydyn rac wyneb y bu uarO Owein 
ab Gruffud J |a]> yr arglwydd Ry.s' 7 gwr bonhedic o 
genedyl ac adwyn o deuodeu doeth a had a chlod- 
aawr] yn Ystrat Fflur duO Merchyr wedy yr Oyth- 
uet dyd o YstOyll, ac ycladOyt ygyt a Rys - [a]) yr 
arglwydd Rys] y vraOt ygkabidyldy y niyneieh. Y 



a ° Yychan 



1 inmyn. U. 1 a g al% A 

■ E. ' cu. B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 323 

them all to the ground, except Cardiff Thai year, 
Maelgwn the Little, son of Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 

anil Owain, son of Grufludd, -'son of tin- lord Rhys,' 
•''and Rhys *the Hoarse/ with their sons, and the 
army of Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, and the army 
of the earl of Pembroke, assembled against Caerraar- 
fchen. They lbught against it for three months, and 
made a bridge over the Tywi. And then (In 1 sailor;- 
came armed, with the flood tide, to break down the 
bridge. When the Welsh perceived that their expe- 
dition prospered not, they returned to their respective 
countries. That year, Rhys the Hoarse died at Llan- 
deilo the Great, and was buried in Menevia, near 
the grave of his father. The same year, Maelgwn 
the Little, '"'son of Maelgwn, son of Rhys/ completed 
the building of the castle of Trev Han, which had 
previously been commenced by his father Maelgwn. 

1234. The ensuing year, Rickert, earl of Pembroke, 
was stabbed in a battle in Ireland, after having 
been treacherously deserted by bis knights ; and before 
the end of a fortnight be died. That year, Gruffiidd, 
son ^of Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, was liberated, 
after having been six years in prison. The same 
year, Cadwallon, son of Maelgwn, of Maelienvdd, died 
at Cvvm Hir. 

1235. The ensuing year, Owain, son of Gruffudd, 
2 son of the lord Rhys,' 7 a gentleman by race, and 
courteous in manners, wise, generous, and praise- 
worthy/ died at Strata Florida, on the Wednesday 
after the octave of the Epiphany, and was buried 
with Rhys, -son of the lord Rhys/ his brother, in 



a' ° the Little, 



c. /•:. I 7 c. 

n. I 



x 2 



324 BRUT Y TYWVSOfilON. 

ulOydyn honno y priodes Henri vrenlnn verch iarll 
Prouins, ac y gOnaeth y neithaOr yn Llundein y 
Nadolic g6edy ' [ym] kynnullaO escyb a chanmOyai' 
ieirll a bartaeit Lloeger y gyt. 

mccxxxvi. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Madadc 

ab Graffud MaelaGr ~ [y gvvr a ragorei rac pawb o 
volyanrwyd y deuodeu ahaelyoni a cbreuyd, kanys 
ef aoed grwndwalwr gwahanivdawl y manachlogoed, 
ef a oed kyunlieilyat yr angbanogyon ar tlod)'on ar 
essewydyon], ac y elad&yt yn enrydedus ymanachlaOc 
LlanegOestyl yr lion ar6ndw«lassei ' [ef] kyn no 
liynny. Y ulOydyn hunno y bu uarO Oweiu ab Mar- 
edud ab Rotbert o Gedewein. Ac yna y bu uarG 
escob Llundein, ac escob Caer Wyragon, ac escob 
Lincol. Ac u n nos kyn nos Nadolic y kyuodes 
diaerebus wynt y torri aneiryf o dei ac eglOysseu ac 
essigaG y koetyd a '-[Had] HaGer o dynyon ac anifeil- 
eit. Y ulOydyn honno y gellygaOd y naOvet Gregori 
bap CladOgaGn escob Bangor oe escobaOt, ac y kym- 
erOyt yn enrydedus yny crefyd g6ynn ymanachlaOc 
Dor, ac yno y bu uarO ac y cladOyt. Ac yna y cauas 
Gilbert iarll Penvro drGy dOyll gastell Morgan ab 
Howe! ;> Ymachein. A gOedy y gadarnhau ydalueraOd 
drachefyn rac ofyn Llywelyn ab lorwoerth. 



MCCXXXVII. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO ' [dam] 
*Giwan uerch Ieuan urenhin gOreic Lywelyn ab lor- 
woerth vis WhefraOr yn llys Aber, ac y clad03't myOn 
- -1 myuOent newyd' ar Ian y traeth, a gyssegrassei 
Ilowel escob Llan ElyO. Ac y henryded hi vdadeilatd 



a' 2 g ar j gyssegredic, 

1 B. I '-' C. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCE8. .")_•") 

the chapter house of the monks. That your, king 
Henry married the daughter of the earl of Provence, 
and held his nuptial solemnities in London, at Christ- 
mas, after having assembled the bishops, and mosi "I 

the eavls and barons of England together. 

1236. The ensuing year, Madog, son of Gruffudd 
Maelor — 9 the man who surpassed all in the celebrity 
of his manners, his generosity, and religion, for he 
was the special founder of monasteries, and was (Ik-, 
supporter of the needy and poor and indigent,' died, 
and was honourably buried in the monastery of Llan- 
egwestl, which he had previously founded. That 
year, Owain, son of Maredudd, son of Robert of 
Cydewain, died. And then the bishop of London, 
and the bishop of Worcester, and the bishop of Lin- 
coln, died. And one night before Christmas Eve there 
arose a remarkable wind to break down an immense 
number of houses and churches, and to injure the 
trees, and a kill many men and animals. That year, 
pope Gregory the ninth released the bishop of Ban- 
gor from his diocese, and he was honourably received 
into the white religious society in the monastery of 
Dor; and there he died and was buried. And then 
Gilbert, earl of Pembroke, obtained, through treachery, 
the castle of Morgan, son of Howel, in Mechain ; and 
when he had fortified it, he restored it back, for fear 
of Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth. 

1237. The ensuing year, 'Dame * Joan, daughter 
of king John, and the wife of Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwerth, died in the month of February, at the 
court of Aber, and was buried in a a new cemetery,' 
on the side of the strand, which Howel, bishop of 



a "~ consecrated garden. 



Ymeichein, D. | ' Siwan, B. Sioncd, E. 



32(j BRUT V rYH YSOQIOJS. 

IAywelyn ab lorwoerfch yno vanachlaoc broeknoeth 
aelwis Llan Vacs ym Mon. Ac yna y bu uarO Ieuan 
iaill Kaer Lleon a Chynwric uab yr arglGyd Rys. 
Y ulOydyn bono ydeuth atttiG gardinal o Rufein y 
Loegyr yn legat y gan y naOuet Gregori bap. 



\i« cxxxviii. Y ulOydyn vac Oyneb tranhoeth 'o 
duG' gGyl Luc euegylyOr y tygaGd holl tywyssogyon 
Kymry ffydlonder y Dauyd ab Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth 
yn Ysfcrat Fflur. Ac yna y due ef y gan y uraGt 
2 [Grut'ud] ArOystli a Cheri a CliyfeilaOc, a. MaGdGy a 
M > -■ • 1 1 1 1 ;i 1 1 1. a Chaer EinaGn ; ae : 'ny adaOd idaG dim 
iiiiinyii kantref Llyyn c hun. Ac yna y lladaOd 
Maredud ab MadaGc ab Gruffud MaelaOr Ruft'ud y 
nraOt. Ac yny lie y digyfoethes Llywelyn ab Ior- 
woerth ef am by nny. 

MCCXXXIX. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu uarO Maredud 
■ l dall ab yr arglwyd Rys, ac y cladOyt yny Ty 
GGynn. Ae yna y bu uarO escob Kaer Wynt, ac y 
ganet mab y Henri urenbin aelwit Etwarfc, ac y delis 
Dauyd ab Llywelyn Ruftud y vraOt gan dorri aruoll 
ac ef, ac y carcharaOd ef aeuab Ygrugyeitb. 

m < xi.. Deugein nilyned a dcucant a mil oed oet 
Crist pan uu uai-G Llywelyn ab Iorwoertb tywyssado 
Kymry gGr a ucd anaOd menegi y weitliredoed da, ac 
y eladGyt yn Aber ConOy, wedy kymryt abit 8 [y] 
erefyd ymdanaG ; ac yny ol ynteu y gOledychaOd Dauyd 
y uab o Siwan uercb Ieuan urenbin y uam. Mis 



a * goec 



" Oi'dv, B. J a B. 



Tin: CHRONICLE OF THE PKIM KS. :>27 

Llanelwy, had consecrated. Ami in honour of her, 

Llywelyn, sou of Iorwerth, built there ;i monastery 
for barefooted monks, which is called Llanvaea in 
Mona. Ami (lien Ieuan, earl of Caerleon, ami Cyn- 

vrig, son of the lord llhys, died. That year, there 
came again a cardinal from Rome to England, sent, 
as his legate, by pope Gregory the ninth. 

"123S. The ensuing year, on the morrow alter the 
feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, all the princes of 
Wales sware fidelity to David, son of Llywelyn, son 
of Iorwerth, at Strata Florida. And then he took, 
from his brother 2 Gruft'udd, Arwystli and Ceri and 
Cyveiliog and Mawddwy and Moehnant and Caer- 
einion ; leaving to him nothing but the cantrev of 
Lleyn itself. And then Maredudd, son of Mining, 
son of Gruffudd Maelor, slew his brother Grnffudd ; 
and immediately Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, divested 
him of his territory on that account. 

1239. The ensuing year, Maredudd »the Blind/ son 
of the lord Rhys, died, and was buried at Whitland. 
Then also the bishop of Winchester died; and a bod 
was born to king Henry, called Edward. And 
David, son of Llywelyn, seized his brother Gruffudd, 
breaking the compact with him, and imprisoned him 
and his son at Crieciaeth. 

1 240. One thousand two hundred and forty was 
the year of Christ, when Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
prince of Wales, died — the man whose good works 
it would be difficult to enumerate— and was buried 
at Aberconway, after taking the habit of religion. 
And after him David, his son, by Joan, the daughter 
of king John, his mother, reigned. The month of 

a ' 4 the Empty 

•' nyt, //. ! ■ C. B. 



328 HttUT Y TYWYSOGlO.V. 

Mei rue Oyneb ydaotli Dauyd ab Llywelyn a barOneifc 
Kyimy y gyt ac ef hyt yg Kaer LuyO y Orhau a yr 
brenhin y ewythyr, ac ygymryt y gantaO y gyfoeth 
yn gyfreithaOl. Ac yna yd anuones y Saeson Wallter 
Morscal a Liu y gyt ac ef y gadarnhau Aber Teiui. 

MCCXLL Y ulftydyn rac Oyneb ydaeth Otto gardinal 
o Loeger, ac y delit ef allawer o archescyb ac escyb 
ac abadeu ac eglOysGyr ereill ygyt ac ef y gan Fired- 
eric amheraOdyr g(>r a oed yn yskymun yn ryuelu 
yu erbyn Gregori bab. A gOedy mynet y cardinal 
o Loegyr y kynnullaOd y brenhin lu, ac y doeth y 
darestOg tywyssogyon Kymry, ac y kadarnhaaOd gas- 
tell y Garrec yn yrayl y Disserth yn Tegeygyl, ac 
y kymertli 6ystlon y gan Dauyd ab Llywelyn y 
iK'i dros 6yned, ar talu o Dauyd y Ruffud ab GOen- 
GynGyn y holl dylyet ym Powys, ac y veibon 
Maredud ab Kynau y holl dylyet ym Meironnyd, a 
chan dyfynnu Dauyd y Lundein yr cGnsli, a dGyn 
ygyt ac ef Ruffud y uraOt, ar holl garcharoryon aoed 
y gyt ac ef ygkarchar y brenhin y Lundein. Ac 
yna y bu uarO y naOuet Gregori bab. 



KCCXLII. Y ul6ydyn rac 6yneb ychydic wedy ' y 
Pasc y 2 mordfiyaOd Henri urenhin y PeitaO y geis- 
saO 3 gan y' 4 [vrenhin] Ffreinc y dylyet ar ydired 
adugassei urenhin Ffreinc y gantaO kyn no hynny 
ac nys cauas y ulOydyn honno, namyn gOedy gelldg y 
ieirll drachefyn y trigyaOd ef ar urenhines YmmOrdyOs. 
Y vlOydyn hoimo y kadarahaOyt hynn o gestyll Yg- 
kymry, y gan VaelgOn Uychan Garthgrugyn, y gan 



il 4 y Henri 



1 yr, B. | = moK-ydaOd, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCES. 329 

May following, David, son of Llywelyn, having with 
him the barons of Wales, went to Gloucester, to do 
homage to !l the king his uncle, and to receive from 
him his territory lawfully. And then the English 
sent Walter Marshall, and an army with him, to 
fortify Aberteivi. 

1241. The ensuing year, Otto, the cardinal, went 
from England, and he and many archbishops and 
bishops and abbots, and other churchmen were Beized 
by the emperor Frederick, a man who, being ex- 
cel nmunicated, was making war against pope Gregory. 
And after the cardinal had left England, the king 
assembled an arm}'', and came to subdue the princes 
of Wales ; and he fortified the castle of Carreg, near 
Diserth in Tegeingl, and took hostages from David, 
son of Llywelyn, his nephew, on account of Gwyn- 
edd, that David should pay to GrufTndd, son of 
Gwenwynwyn, his whole claim to Powys ; and to the 
sons of Maredudd, son of Cynan, their whole claim 
in Meirionydd. And he cited David to London before 
the council, and he was to bring with him his brother 
Gruffudd, and all the prisoners that were with him 
in the prison of the king, to London. And then pope 
Gregory the ninth died. 

1242. The ensuing year, a little after Easter, king 
Henry sailed for Poictou, to obtain from the 4 king 
of France his right as to his lands, which the king 
of France had taken from him previously. But he 
did not obtain it that year, but, after letting his 
earls return, he and the queen remained at Bourd- 
eaux. That same year, these castles in Wales were 
strengthened ; by Maelgwn the Little, Garthgrugyn, 

a * Henry 

s ' y gann, D. I « B. 



380 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Ion ' MynyO 8 [a] Buellt, y gan Rosei' Mortymer 
Muelenyd. Ac s [yna] y bu uarG Gruffud ab Mar- 
edud ab yr arglGyd Rys archdiagon KeredigyaOn. 

ICCCXLHI. Y vldydyn rac Gyneb ydyiuchoelaOd Henri 
u nnli in o V0rdy&.s, ac y 3 kyfarsagGyt y Kyniry a 
UaGer orrei ereill yn agkyi'reithaOl. 

mccxliv. Y vl6ydyn rac Gyneb y bu uarG Rys 
Mechyil nab Rys Gryc 4 [ap yr arglwydd Rys]. Y 
vlOydyn honuo y keissaOd Gruffud ab Llywelyn dianc 
o garchar y brenbin yn Llundein wcdy bGrG raff 
drGy ffenestyr y tOr allan a diskynnu arhyt y raff, a 
thorn y raf, ae syrthaO 'ynteu yny dorres y vynOgyl. 
Ac yna y llidyaOd Dauyd ab Llywelyn a dyuynnu 
aoruc holl vvyrda y gyt, a rutbraG y elynyon 2 [gurru] 
oe Loll deruyneu eithyr aoedynt y niyOn kestyll. Ac 
anuon kenadeu ally thy reu a 5 Gnaeth a dyuynnu attaO 
holl dywyssogyon Kyniry, a phaGb a gyuunaGd ac ef 
eithyr Gruffud ab MadaOc a Gruffud ab GOenOynOyn, 
a Morgan ab Howel, a llaOer o golledeu awnaetli ef'e 
yr rei bynny, ae kymbell ae banuod y darestGg idaO. 
Y ulOydyn bonno y bu uarO Maredud ab Rotbert 
penn kyghorGr Kymry wedy kymryt abit crel'yd yn 
Ystrat Fflur. 

MCCXLV. Y ulOydyn rac Gyneb G [y kauas etuedyon 
Gwilyani Marscal eu tret' tat yn bedwcbj y kyn- 
nullaOd Henri urenhin gedernit Lloeger ac Iwerdon ar 
uedyr darestGg boll Gynu-y idaO, ac y doetb hyt yn 
TeganGy. A gOedy kadarnbau y kastell ac adaO 
lnarcliogyon yndaO yd yinchoelaGd y Loegyr gan adaO 
aneirif oe lu yn galaned beb y cladu wedy llad rei a 
bodi ereill. 



1 MynGv, B. MyirW, E. 3 kyGarssagaGd, B. 

-■ B. ' E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PE1NCES. 331 

Menevia -and Bucllt by John, Maelieirydd by Roger 
Mortimer. And -thou, ( Irullui I<1, son of Maredudd, 
son of the lord Rhys, archdeacon of Ceredigion, died. 

L243. The ensuing year, king Henry returned from 
Bourdeaux ; and the Welsh with many others, were 
unlawfully oppressed. 

1244. The ensuing year, Rhys Mechyll, son of Rhys 
the Hoarse, *son of the lord Rhys,' died. That year, 
llrufl'udd, son of Llywelyn, attempted to escape from 
the king's prison in London, by throwing a rope 
through the "window of the tower, and descending 
along the rope, but the rope breaking, he fell, and 
broke his neck. And then David, son of Llywelyn, 
became enraged, and summoned all his good men t<> 
him, and attacked his iocs, -'and drove them' from 
all their borders, except such as were in castles. And 
id messengers Avith letters, summoning to him 
all the princes of Wales ; and every body joined him, 
except Gruffudd, son of Madog, and Gruffudd, son of 
Gwenwynwyn, and Morgan, son of Howel ; and to 
those he caused many losses, and compelled them 
against their Avill to submit to him. That year died 
.Maredudd, son of Robert, the chief counsellor of Wales, 
after taking the religious habit at Strata Florida. 

I:! 15. The ensuing year, "the heirs of William 
Marshall obtained their patrimony in peace/ And 
king Henry assembled the power of England and 
Ireland, with the intention of subjecting all Wales to 
him, and came to Dyganwy. And after fortifying 
the castle, and leaving knights in it, he returned to 
England, having left an immense number of his army 
dead and unburicd, some haying been slain and others 
drowned. 



orue, B. I " C. 



332 BRUT Y TVWYSOGION. 

mccxlvi. Y uloydyn rac Oyneb 1 [blwydyn glawawc 
oed] y bu uarO Dauyd ab Llywelyn yn Aber vis 
MaCrth, ac y cladOyt gyfc ae dat yn Aber Contiy. A 
gOedy nat oed - etiued o gorff idaO' y gOledycbaOd 

Owein Goch a Llywelyn y nycinfc meibon Grufiud ab 
Llywelyn y vraOfc yny ol. Y rei liynny o gyghor 
gOyr da a ranassant y kyuoeth yn deu banner 8 [y 
rygtbunt]. Y ulOydyn bonno ydanuones Henri urenbin 
Nicolas dy Mulus *[vstus Kaer Vyrddin] a Maredud 
ab Rys B [Gryc], a Maredud uab Owein y digyuoethi 
MaelgOn Vychan. Ac yna y goruu ar VaelgGn ae 
eidaO fib byfc YggOyned, ae Owein a Llywelyn veibon 
Gruffud ab Llywelyn gan adaO y kyuoeth y estronyon. 
Ac o achaGs bot brenhinaOl allu yndyuynnu pa6b or 
a \'i gyi'un ar brenhin 3 7 n erbyn Owein a Llywelyn, 
a MaelgOn 4 [Vychan] a Howel ab Maredud owlat 
U(»rgan aoed yna y gyt ac Oynt YggOyned wedy y 
digyuoethi (i yn gObyl o iarll Clar. A gOedy gOybod 
o nadunt liynny yd ymgadwassant yny mynydoed ar 
ynyalOcli. Y vlOydyn honno y bu uar6 7 KaOlff Mor- 
tyraer, ac yny le y kyuodes Ttoser y uab. 



MCCXLVII. Y uldydyn rac (jyneb y bu uar6 Howel 
escob Llan ElyO yn Ryt Ychen ac yno y cladOyt. 
Ac yna y bu uarO 8 [Anseul Vras] escob MynyO. Y 
ulOydyn honno yr ugeinuet dyd o vis Whef'raOr l [y 
deudecvet dyd o brif y lleuat ar llythyren honn F 
yn kadw y Sul am gylch pryt gosper] y crynaOd 
y dayar yn aruthur yn gyfFredin ar draOs yr holl 
deyrnas. 

mccxlviii. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y kymcrth ardereh- 
aOc vi'enhin Ffreinc ae dri broder ac anneiryf o luoed 



1 C. I 3 ll. 

•" oe gorff idaO etiued, li. ' E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. "'.'>!) 

1246. The ensuing year 'was a rainy year.' David, 
son of Llywelyn, died at Aber, in the month of 
March, and was buried with his father at AJberconway. 
And since he had no issue of his body, his nephews 
Owain the Red, and Llywelyn, the suns of Gruffudd, 
sou of Llywelyn, his brother, reigned after him. 
Those, l»y the advice of good men, divided their do- 
minion 8 between them' into two halves. That year, 
king Henry sent Nicholas de Myles, 'justice of Caer- 
marthen/ and Maredudd, son of Rhys B the Hoarse.' 
and Maredudd, son of Owain, to dispossess Maelgwn 
the Little. And thereupon, Maelgwn, with his family, 
was compelled to flee into Gwynedd, and to Owain 
and Llywelyn, the sons of Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, 
leaving his territory to strangers; because the royal 
power summoned all that joined with the king against 
Owain and Llywelyn, and Maelgwn ''the Little,' and 
Howel, son of Maredudd of Glamorgan, who were 
then along with them in Gwynedd, being entirely 
dispossessed by the earl of Clare. And when they 
became acquainted with that, they kept themselves in 
the mountains and the wilds. That same year ' Ralph 
Mortimer died, and in his stead arose Roger his son. 

1 '1 M. The ensuing year, Howel, bishop of Llanelwy, 
died at Oxford ; and was there buried. And then 
"Anselni the Fat,' bishop of Menevia, died. The same 
year, the twentieth day of the month of February, 
1 the twelfth day of the prime of the moon, and this 
letter F. denoting Sunday, about the time of vespers/ 
there was a dreadful earthquake generally throughout 
the whole kingdom. 

1248. The ensuing year, the noble king of France, 
and his three brothers, having with them immense 



5 C. E. \ '■ Randwlff, E. 

6 o, B. I 8 B. C. 



334 BRUT Y TTWT80GI0N, 

Oristonogyon ' [y] gj't ac (ynt en hynt hyt Ygkaerus- 
Balem. Ac am diwed y nlOydyn y mord6yseant y mor 
maor. Y nlOydyn honno vis Gorfennaf y gOnaeth 
Grufud abat Ystrat Fflur hedGeb a Eenri vrenhin am 
dylyet a 2 dylynt yr oanachlaGc yr ys :| llaOer o amsei 
kyn no hynny gan uadeu yr abat ar cofeint * Planner 
y dylyet nyt amgen] deg more adeugein more, a 
thrychan more a dalaOd, a tlialu y gymeint arall 
myOn fceruyneu gossodedic lierwyd ' [val] y keffir 
■ ynyaelaes y vanacblaOc. Y nlOydyn honno y kauaa 
Owein ab Rotbert Gedewein y dylyet, ac y cauas 
Rys Vychan ab Bys Biechyl] gastell Karrec Kennen 
drachefyn ;i rodassei a y vain' yn dOyllodrus ym med- 
yant y Ffreinc gas ar y mab. Y ulOydyn bonno 
y kanhataOd Henri vrenhin y abat Ystrat Fflur ac 
abat Aber Con6y gorff Grnfi'nd ab Llywelyu, ac y 
dugant gantunt Lnndein y Aber ConOy yny lie y 
m.'ie yn gorwed. 



MCCXLrx. Y vlOydyn rac Gyneb ydaeth Lowys vrenhin 
ae dri broder ar uren bines hyt yn dinas Damieta, ac 
y rodes D11O ida6 yn rOyd wedy adaCi or Sarasinyeit 
Yrhaf rac Oyneb yd ymchoelaOd y dyghetfen yny 
gdrthOyneb, ae y delit y brenhin y gan y Sarassin- 
yeit wedy Had Robert y nraOt, ae amgylch degmil 
arhngeint ° or Cristonogyon, a thros y ellygdaOt ef ae 
hebrygyat ef ae wyr hyt yn Acris y gornu arnaO rodi 
Damieta drachefyn yr Sarassinyeit a 7 [dirnaOr s6mp 
aryant y gyt a hynny ac yehydie] g&edy hynny y 



* ' Ienan 



1 B. 3 liir, B. 

- dylyit, J5. I 4 C. 



Till: CHRONICLE OF TTTE PRTNCE8. :!:;:> 

armies of Christians, took their course towards Jeru- 
salem; and about the cud of the year they nailed 

over tlic great sea. That year, the month of July, 
Gruffudd, abbot of Strata Florida, insult! peace with 
king Henry, in respect of a debt which the monas- 
tery owed for a long time previously, he forgiving to 
Hi,' abbot and convent 4 half the debt, namely,' fifty 
marks ; ami three hundred marks the other paid, and 
was to pay as much more, under settled limitations, 
as may lie found in the Register of the monastery. 
That year Owain, son of Robert, obtained Cydewaiu 
his right; and Rhys the Little, son of Rhys Mechyll, 
obtained the castle of Carreg Cennen back again, 
which :i his mother' had deceitfully given into the pos- 
session of the French, from hatred Inwards her son. 
That year, king Henry permitted the abbot of Stmts 
Florida, and the abbot of Aberconway, to have the 
body of Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn ; and they brought 
it with thon from London to Aberconway, in which 
place he lies. 

1249. The ensuing year, king Louis, with his three 
hrotheis. and the queen, went to the city of Damietta ; 
and God easily granted it to him, the Saracens having 
left it. The ensuing summer, the fates became ad- 
verse, and the king was taken by the Saracens, after 
Robert his brother had been killed, with about thirty 
thousand of the Christians ; and. for his liberation, and 
transport of himself ami men to Acre, be was con- 
strained to restore Damietta to the Saracens, and 7 to 
pay an immense sum of money besides, and shortly' 



John 



'- ynjT annyales, B. \ " B. C. 

" o. B. I 



330 ISRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

rodes DuO idaO ynteu uudugolyaeth y dial ar elynyon 
Crist y sarliaet. Kaiiys ef a anuones y deu uroder 
hyt yn Ffreinc y gyimullaO north idaO o sOllt a g6yr 
aruaGo tra ' drickyei ynteu ' ar urenhines yn Acrys. 
Ac odyna ydennillaGd ef dinas Damieta 2 [dracheuen] 
gan lad anneiryf or Sarassinyeit. 

mccl. Dec mlyned a deugein a 2 [deu] chant a mil 
oed oet Crist pan uu uarO brenhin 3 Prydein wedy 
adaO y vn inab yn etiued idaO. 

MCCLI. Y vlGydyn rac Oyneb y bu uar6 GOladus Du 
uerch Llywelyn ab Iorwoerth 4 [Drwyndwn gwraic 
briod syr Randwlft' Mortimer]. Ac yn diwed y vlOyd- 
yn honno y bu uarO Morgan ab yr arglOyd Rys, wedy 
kymryt abit crefyd ymdanaG yn Y.strat Fflur. 

MCCLI I. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb y bu gy meint gOres 
yr heul ac y 5 dissychaOd yr holl dayar gantho hyt 
na thyfaOd dim frOyth ar y coet ° na maes, ac na 
7 chabat pysgaOt mor nac auonyd. Ac yn diwed y 
kynhayaf "y vlCjydyn honno' y bu gymeint y glaG- 
ogyd ac y kudyaOd llifdyfred Oyneb y dayar hyt na 
allei a or mod sychdOr' y dayar lygku y dyfred. Ac 
y llifhaaGd yr auonyd yny dorres y pynfc ar melineu 
ar tei kvfago.s yr afonyt achribdeilaG y coed}'d ar 
perllanneu a gOneuthur llaGer o golledeu ereill yn yr 
haf. Y ul6ydyu honno yduc Goilim ab G6rwaret y 



a ' ° drasyehedoed 



'' drigyaOd ef, B. 

■ B. 

3 Prydyn, E. 



* E. 

1 syeba6d, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 837 

after that, God granted fco him victory to revenge his 
insult on the enemies of Christ, for lie sent liia two 

brothers to France, to collect for him strength in 
money and armed men, whilst he and the queen re- 
mained at Acre. And from thence lie gained the 
city of Damietta -again, killing an immense number 
of the Saracens. 

1250. One thousand '-two hundred and fifty was the 
year of Christ, when the king of Prydyn died, Leaving 
one Bon as his heir. 

1251. The ensuing year, Gwladus the Dark, the 
daughter of Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth '' the Broken - 
nosed, and wife of Sir llalidulph Mortimer/ died. 
And in the end of that year, Morgan, son of the lord 
Rhys, died, after taking the religious habit at Strata 
Florida. 

1252. The ensuing year, the heat of the sun was so 
great, that all the earth became so dry therefrom, that 
no fruit grew on the trees or the fields, and neither 
fish of the sea nor of the rivers were obtained. And 
at the end of the harvest of that year, so great were 
the rains, that the water floods covered the face of 
the earth, since the a excess of the dryness' of the 
earth could not absorb the waters ; and the rivers 
flooded so that the bridges and the mills and the 
houses adjoining the rivers were broken, and the 
woods and orchards were stripped, besides many 
other losses during the summer. That same year, 
William, son of Cwrwared, the person who was se- 



a '° excessive thirsts 



' nar, B. 
7 uhnffut, //. 



v liGnnO, D. 

1 li. 



338 BRUT Y TYWYSOCION. 

g&r a oed synysgal y brenhiu ar dir MaelgOn ieuane 
drfly orchymynn y brenhin y ar wyr Eluacl anreith 
am ' eu bot yn keissaG aruer o boreyd Maelenyd 
megys o vreint. 

Y ul6ydyn rac 6yneb y 2 mordOyaOd Henri mvn- 
liiu y VOrdyOs a dirnaOr hi gantaO, a gorchymyn y 
vrriiliinya.-lli :l [aOnaeth] y Etwart y nab 4 a Rickerfc 
i;i)H KcrnyO y nraOt ar vivnliiiics. Y ulOydyn honno 
y Grawys yd ymchoelaGd Thomas escob MynyO o lya 
Rufein. 

MCCLTII. Y ulOydyn rac Oyneb ydymchoelaOd Lodys 
urenhin Freinc oe bererindaOt wedy y vot whe blyned 
yn ymlad ar Sarassinyeit. Y vlOydyn 3 [rac Oyneb] 
lionno yd ymchoelaOd Henri vrenliin o "WasgOin 
gOedy adaO yno Etwart y vab yn kadO a dirnaOr lu 
y ^vt ac ef. Ac yna y bn narO GOenllian uercb 
VaelgOn ienaiic yn Llan Vihagel Gelynrot, ac y clad- 
Oyfc '''[ygkabidyldy ymyneicli] yn Ystrat Fflur. 

MCCLIV. Y nlOydyn rac Oyneb y bn narO Maredud 
al> Llywelyn o Veironyd, gan adaO vn mab yn etiued 
idaO o Wenllian nercli VaelgOn. Ac ynebrOyd gOedy 
gayl Ienan y bu narO Eys vn mab Maelgfm ienanc 
wedy kymryt abit crevyd yn Ystrat Flnr ac yno y 
cladOyt s [yn emyl y chGaer ygkabidyldy y mynyeicli]. 
Vn y dyilycu bynny o annoc a y kythreiu" y niagOyt 
teruysc 3 [maOr] y rGg meibon Gruli'ud all Llywelyn, nyt 
mi in Owein Goch a Dauyd °or neill tn, a Llywelyn 



kynreith 



1 y, B. I ^B. 

- morOyaOd, B. ' ac y, B, 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCES. 339 

neschal to the king over the land of young Maelgwn, 
by the command of tlie king, took spoil from the men 
of Elvael, because they sought the custom of the pas- 
Imago of Maelienydd as of privilege 

The ensuing year, king Henry sailed for Bourdeaux, 
having with him an immense arm}- ; and he com- 
mended the kingdom to the care of Edward his son, 
and Riekcrt, earl of Cornwall, his brother, and the 
queen. The same year, in Lent, Thomas, bishop of 
Menevia, returned from the court of Home. 

1253. The ensuing year, Louis, king of France, 
returned from his pilgrimage, after having been for 
six years fighting with tlie Saracens. That a ensuing- 
year, king Henry returned from Gascony, having left 
his son Edward there, to guard it, with an immense 
army along with him. And then Gwenllian, daughter 
of young Maelgwn, died at Llanviliangol (ielynrod, 
and was buried ° in the chapter house of the monks/ 
at Strata Florida. 

1254. The ensuing year, Maredudd, son of Llyw- 
elyn, of Meirionydd, died, leaving one son as his heir, 
by Gwenllian, the daughter of Maelgwn. And sunn 
after the feast of St. John, Rhys, only son of young 
Maelgwn, died, after taking the habit of religion at 
Strata Florida, and there be was buried, s near his 
sister, in the chapter house of the monks.' In those 
days, by the instigation of a the devil/ :l a great' dis- 
Bension was engendered between the sons of Gruffudd, 
son of Llywelyn, namely, Owain the Red and David. 
mi the one side, and Llywelyn on the other side 



fate, 



n. c. | ■ o, n. 



y 2 



340 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOX. 

or tu araJL Ac yna y«l aruolles Llywelyn ae wyr yn 
diofyn ym Bryn DerOin drOy yindiret y DuO creulaGn 
dyuotyat y vrodyr a diruaGr hi gantunt, a chyn penn 
vn a Or y debt Owein Goch, ac y foes Dauyd wedy 
Had IlaOer ' or llu a dala eivill a fib y dryll arall. Ac 
yua y carcharGyt Owein Goch, ac y goresgynnaOd Llyw- 
elyn gyfoeth Owein a Dauyd - [hep OrthGynep idaO]. Y 
vlOydyn honno y bu uar6 3 Mararet uerch VaelgOn, 
gwreic Owein ab Rotbert 4 [ap Mredudd o Gydew- 
ain]. Ac y prynOyt y gloch uaftr yn Ystrat Fflur yr 
a trugein a dOy vorc ar bymthec arhugeint' a dGy vu. 
Ac yny lie y drychaftyt ac y ky.ssegrGyt ygan escob 
Bangor. Ac yna amgylch dified ~ [yr] haf y bu uarO 
Tli 01 nas Walls escob MynyG. 



MCCLV. Y vlOydyn rac Gyneb ydoeth Etwart nab 
Henri urenhin iarll Kaer Llion 4 [Awst nessaf ar 
liynny] y edrych y gestyll ae dircd YggGyned. Ac 
yna '" [val amgylch Awst agwedy y ymchwelut ef y 
Loegyr] y doeth dylyedogyon Kymry att Lywelyn ab 
CJrud'ud wedy y lryspeilaG oe rydit ae keithiwaG, a men- 
egi 2 [idaO] yn gdynuanus bot yn well gantunt eu Had 
yn rylel dros y rydit, no godef y sathru gan estronyon 
drOy gt-ithiwet. A eliyffroi aoruc Llywelyn Grth } r 
dagreuoed, am eu hannoc c 6ynt ae kyghor kyrchu y 
beruedwlat ae goreakynn oil kynn penn yr Oytbnos, 
achyt ac ef Maredud uab Eys Gryc. Ac odyna y 



B ' 4 saitli mork ar hugain 



1 oe, B. 3 Margret, //. 

2 B. * /;. 



TILE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES oil 

Ami thereupon, Llywelyn and his men awaited, with- 
out fear, confiding in God, at Bryn Derwiu, the 
cruel coining of his brothers, accompanied by a vast 
army ; and before the end of one hour, Owain the 
Red was taken, and David lied, after many of the 
army were killed, and others captured, and the other 
part had taken to flight. And then Owain the Red 
was imprisoned ; and Llywelyn took possession of the 
territory of Owain and David, 'without any opposition.' 
That year, Margaret, daughter of Maelgwn, and wife 
of Owain, son of Robert, 4 son of Maredudd of Cyd- 
ewain, died. And the great bell at Strata Florida 
was bought for a three score and thirty-seven marks,' 
and two kine ; and it was immediately put up, and 
consecrated by the bishop of Bangor. And then, 
about the end of the summer, died Thomas Wall is, 
bishop of Menevia. 

I 255. The ensuing year, Edward, son of king Henry, 
earl of Caerleon, came, 4 in August next after that,' 
to take a survey of his castles and lands in Gwynedd. 
And then, 5 as it were about August, and after he 
had returned to England/ the nobles of Wales came 
to Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, having been robbed of 
their liberty, and made captives, and complain inirly 
declared s to him' that they would rather be killed in 
war for their liberty, than suffer themselves to be 
trodden down by strangers in bondage. And Llyw- 
elyn was moved at their tears ; and by their incite- 
ment and advice, he, with Maredudd, son of Rhys the 
Hoarse, invaded the midland country, and subdued it 
all before the end of the week. And then he took 



rf* twenty-seven marks, 



C. I ° 6y, B. 



342 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

kymerth Veironnyd idaO chuu. Ar rann a oed eidaO 
Etwart o Geredigyafo of ae rodes y Varedud ab 
Owein ' [ap Grufiydd ap yr arglwydd], a Buellt gyt 
;i liynny. A fchalu y Uaredud ab Rys Gryc y gyf- 
oeth gan Ortlad Rys y nei oe gyfoeth, a a rodi y 
kyfoeth' y Uaredud uab Rys heb gynhal dim idaO e 
lmn or tired goreskynn ,J oil eithyr clot agobrOy. Ac 
odyna y goresgynnaOd Werthrynyon y gan Roser 
Mortymer yny la6 e hun. Ac yna y kyssegrOyt yr 
athro c Ry8 o Gaer' RiO y gan y pab yn escob 
Myny6. 

MCCLVI. Y ulGydyu rac 6yneb y kyrchaOd Llywelyu 
ab Grufud, a Maredud uab Rys ' [Gryc], a Mareduil 
uab Owein, a llawer o dylyedogyon ereill y gyt ac 
ef y gyuocth Gruffud ab GOenndynOyn, ac y gores- 
gynnaGd oil eithyr castell y TrallOg ~ [a rami] o 
dyfl'ryn llafren ac ychydic o GaereinaOn. A distryO 
adnaeth gastell 3 Bydydon. YgkyfrOg hynny y kyn- 
nullaOd Rys Uychan uab Rys Mecliyll aoed yn 
Lloegyi* ar dehol diruaOr borth achedernit o varOneit 
a marchogyon 4 [o] Lloegyr ygyt ac ef. Ac y doeth 
hyt Ygkaer Vyrdin. Ac B odyna yn 6ythnos y Sul- 
g&yn y due hynt y DinefOr. A gGedy 4 [y] dyuot y 
myOn yr castell y delis y caste! I6yr ef, a chyrchu 
aOnaethant y II u a dala y bai-Gneit ar lnarchogyou 
urdolyon, a Had uiGy no dGy vil or llu 4 Qiann Has 
ygOyr yny kyinereu oed hynny]. Ac yna y kyreh- 



:i ' 4 ae rodi b-* hynn 

C ' G meistyr Richard de Kaerbi 



1 E. ■< Vydydon, B. 

x B. Garan, A. * B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. '.UV, 

Meirionydd to himself; and that part of Ceredigion 
which belonged to Edward, he gave to Maredudd, boh 
of Owain, '.son of Graffudd, sun of the lord,' with 
Jjuellt in addition; and he restored to .Maredudd. son 
of Rhys the Hoarse, his territory, by expelling his 
nephew Rhys from his territory, "and gave the ter- 
ritory' to Maredudd, retaining nothing to himself of 
''all the conquered lands, other than fame and reward 
And afterwards, he wrested Gwerthrynion from Roger 
Mortimer, and held it in his own hand. And then 
the doctor e Rhys, of Oaer' Ilhiw, was consecrated by 
the pope bishop of Menevia. 

125G. The ensuing year, Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 
and Maredudd, son of Rhys 'the Hoarse/ and Mared 
add, son of Owain, accompanied by many other 
nobles, entered the territory of Gruffudd, son of Gwen- 
wynwyn, and subdued the whole, except the castle 
of Trallwng, -and part' of the Vale of Severn, with 
a little of Caereinion ; and he destroyed the castle 
of Bydydon. In that interval, Rhys the Little, son 
of Rhys Mechyll, who was under banishment in 
England, collected vast aid and strength of the barone 
and knights 4 from England, and came to Caermar- 
tlien. And from thence, in Whitsun week, he took 
his course to Dinevwr; and when he had entered 
the castle, the garrison seized him; and then they 
proceeded with a body of men, and took the barons 
and the noble knights, and slew upwards of two 
thousand of the army, * that was, when the men 
were slain in mutual engagement.' And then the 



a ' ! and gave it l »' 1 these 

'"' ,; master Richard de Caerin 



odtjme, B. I C. 



3 1 1- BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

aGd y tywyssogyon ' [y] Dyf'et, a distryG awnaetlianl 
gastell Aber Toran, a Llan Ystyffan, ac Arbcrtli, ar 
Maen ClochaGc, a llosgi y dref ar trefyd. 

MCCLVll. Y ulGydyn rac (ryneb y goresgynnaGd 
Llywclyn ab Grufl'ud Gemeis. - [A gwedy liynny ef 
a doeth Llywelyn nab Grufl'ud y Deheubarth amgylch 
gwyl Ieuan Vcdydwr]. Ac y iv kymmodes Varedud 
11 [ap Bye] a Bys Vyclian 4 [Mechyll] y nei. Ac odyno 
yngyfun y kyrchassant Drefdraeth, ac y briwassant y 
castell, Ac odyno y kymerassant Uaredud ab Owein 
y gyfc ac Oynfc. Ac y kyrchassant Ros, ac y llosgas- 
sant y wlat oil eithyr HaGlford. Ac odyno yd hfiyl- 
assant y wlat Vorgan. A g'Gedy ' [y] goresgyn a 
chael l [y] castell Llan 6 Geneu ydymhoelassant adref, 
wcdy Had llaOer a dala ereill. Ac yna ybu uarO 
MaelgGn ieuanc ac y cladGyt ° [ygkabidyldy ymyneich] 
yn Ystrafc Flur. Y ulGydyn honno amgylch gGyl 
Ueir yn AGst y deuth Henri urenhin a llu niaGr 
gantaG hyt yn TeganGy. Ac yno y tvigyaGd hyt Gyl 
Veil Yniedi. Ac yna ydymchoelaCd y Loegyr. Yn 
yr ain.ser hGjinG y llosges eglGys Lan Badarn Vafar. 
Ac y kymydaGd Llywelyn ab GrufTud a Gruffnd ab 
MadaOe 4 [ap Gruffydd Maelor], ac y gyrraGd Grufl'ud 
ab GGennGynOyn ar dehol oe gyfoeth, 



HCCLVili. Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb y rodes kynnulleitua 
dylyedogyon ' [Kymry] lb ffydlonder y Lywelyn ab 
Grufud gan boen ysgyniundaGt. Ac ni chetGis Maredud 



1 gGnaeth gymot r(g 



*b. I i n. c. e. 

2 C. *E, 



TIT1-: CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 345 

princes marched to Dyved ; and destroyed the castle 
of Aber Torran, and Llanstephan, and Arberth, and 

Maencloehog, and burned the town and towns. 
1257. The ensuing year, Llywclyn, son of Gruffudd, 

subdued Cemaes. 2 And after tliat, Llywelyn, son of 
Gruffudd, came to South Wales about the feast of St. 
John the Baptist.' And Maredudd, a son of Rhys' !l was 
reconciled to' Rhys 4 Mcchyll the Little, his nephew. 
And jointly from thence they attacked Trevdraeth, 
and demolished the castle. And then they took 
Maredudd, son of Owain, along with them, and 
invaded Rhos, and burned all the country, except 
Haverford. And from thence they marched to Gla- 
morgan ; and after reducing and taking the ca.stle 
of Llan 5 Geneu, they returned home, having killed 
many, and captured others. And then young Maelgwn 
died, and was buried G in the chapter house of the 
monks,' at Strata Florida. That year, about the feast 
of St. Mary in August, king Henry came, with a 
large army, to Dyganwy ; and there he tarried until 
the feast of St. Mary in September ; and then he 
returned to England. At that time the church of 
Llanbadarn the Great was burned ; and Llywclyn, son 
of Gruffudd, was reconciled to Gruffudd, son of Madog, 
4 son of Gruffudd Maelor ;' and Gruffudd, son of 
Gwenwynwyn, was driven from his territory into 
banishment. 

12o8. The ensuing year, a body of the nobles 'of 
Wales' made an oath of fidelity to Llywclyn, son of 
Gruffudd, under pain of excommunication; Maredudd, 



»' ' made reconciliation with 



3 Gyncn, E. I « 13. C. 



346 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ab Rye y Uo hOnnO, namyn mynet yny erbyn yn 
agkywir. Y uldydyn bonno y bn fceruyso yn Lloegyr 
v r6g yr estronyon amgylch gOyl Ieuan VedydyGr. Y 
ulOydyn honno ydactli Dauyd ab Grufud a Marcdud 
ab Owein a Rys Vychan, »a Rys Mecliyll y yindidan 
,-l Maredud ab Ry.s ' [Gryc], ac a Phadric b Dysaes 
synysgal y brenhin Ygkaer Vyrdin hyt yn Enilyn, 
pan welas Maredud a Phadric y gdyr ereill torri kyg- 
reir adnaethant ae hachub. Ac yna y Has Padric b 
[latter o varchogyon a ]>hedyt y gyfc ac ef. Yn diwed 
y vl6ydyn honno y 8 mordOyaOd Henri vrenkin y 
yindidan a brenliin Fireinc. 



MCCLX. Trugein "mlyned a deu cant a mil oed oet 
Crist pan aeth Llywelyn ab Gruffud y Vuellt, a dOyn 
Buellt oil y gaii Roser Mortynirr cithyr y ca.stell. Ac 
odyna drOy ymdeith ar draOs Deheubartk beb wneuth- 
ur drGc y neb yd ymchoelaOd y 6yned. Ac 8 [gGedy 
bynny] ° yny lie y kauas gOyr LlyGelyn o gyrch nos 
heb un ergyt ymlad ga.stell Buellt.' A gdedy dala 
y '"istclldyr acluiel y ineircli ar arucu ar dotrefyn ar 
yspeil oil y distry6assant y ca.stell. Ac yna ydoetb 
Owein ab Maredud o Eluael y hedOch yr arglGyd 
Lywclyn. 



11 ' ;i|) ^ 5 dwysoc 

,/i; val yr oed wyr or kastell yn egori ypyrtli yi 

ivi ereill aoedynt allau ynychaf wyr Llywelyn yn 

neitfcyaw ymywn o hyt nos. 



1 E. 3 B. C. 

■ niorGydaOd, B. \ ' B. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 347 

on of Rhys, however, did not keep that oath, but dis- 
loyally went against it. That year, there was a disturb 
ance In England among the strangers, about the feasi 
of St. John the Baptist. The same year, David, son oi 
Gruffudd, and Maredudd, son oi" Owain, and Rhys the 
Little, B and Rhys Mechyll, went as far as Emlyn to 
speak with Maredudd, son of Rhys ' the Hoarse/ and 
with Patrick ''tie Saves,' the seneschal of the king at 
Caermarthen. When Maredudd and Patrick saw the 
other men, they broke the truce, and seized them ; 
and then Patrick was slain, and many knights and 
infantry along with him. In the close "1' thai year, 
king Henry made a voyage so as to have a con- 
ferenee with the king of France. 

12IJ0. One thousand two hundred and sixty was 
the year of Christ, when Llywelyn, son of tlrnlfndd. 
entered Buellt, and took the whole of it from Roger 
Mm timer, except the castle. And from thence, pro- 
ceeding across South Wales, without doing harm t<> 
any one, he returned to Gwynodd. And "after that' 

in! mediately the men of Llywelyn, by a night onset, 
without a single stroke of lighting, got the castle of 
Buellt;' and after taking the garrison prisoners, and 
securing the horses and the arms and the furniture 
and all the spoil, they destroyed the castle. And 
I lint Owain, son of Maredudd of Elvael, made peace 
with the lord Llywelyn. 



u ' son of ''" prince 

'"' as men from the castle were opening the gates 

to the others, who were without, lo, the men of 

Llywelyn leaped in by night. 



• E. I ■ C. 



348 DIIUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

MCCLXI. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y 1m oarO Goladu-. 
vercb Rufiid ab Llywelyn gwreic ,ft yr arglOyd Rys' 
ab Rys Mechyll. Ac yna amgalan gayaf y bu uart 
Owe in nab Maredud arglOyd Kedewein. 

UCCaxa. Y vlOydyn rac Oyncb y bu uarfl a [Rikert] 
iarll Gar. Y ulOydyn honno anigylch gOyl Arnicas y 
doefch rei o gyghor gOyr Maelenyd yr castell newyd 
aoed y Roser Mortyrner ym Maelenyd. A gOedy dynot 
y my On 3 [drOy] dOyll y Iladassant y porthoryon, ac y 
dalyssanfc Howel ab Meuruc a oed gOnstabyl yno, ae 
wreic ac veibon, ac verdict, a menegi hynny aOnaeth- 
ant y Bynysgal a ehOnstabyl yr arglOyd Lywelyn. 
A bryssyaO aoruc y rei liynny yno y losgi y castell. 
A phan gigleu y dywededic Rosser hynny dyuot a 
4 Onaeth a diruaOr gedernit 3 [y gyt ac ef] yn borth 
idaO hyt 8 [yn lie] y dywededic gastell, a phebyllyaw 
vy6n y muroed ycliydic o dydyeu. A phan Oybu 
Lywelyn liynny kynnullaO llu aoruc adyuot hyt ym 
Maelenyd a chymryt gOrogaeth gOyr Maelenyd. A 
gOedy ennill deu gastell ereill rodi kennat awnaeth y 
Roser Mortyrner y yrachoelut drachefyn. Ac ynteu 
drOy arch gOyr da BrecheinaOc aeth y VrccheinaOc, a 
gOedy kymryt gOrogaeth y wlat 3'dymchoelaOd y 6yned 



mcclxiii. Y nlOydyn rac Oyneb r ' [ycliydic y kynn y 
Pa.sc] y kyrchard Ton c Ystrog icuanc aoed vaeli 
"' [yna] ygkastell Baldwin gyrch nos a diruaOr hi 



a " Rys ieuangk 



" yr Eya arglOyd. 3 B. 

■ C. E. ! ( omc, D. 



THE CHRONICLE 01 THE PRINCES. 349 

12(11. The ensuing year, died Gwladns, the daughter 
of Grufludd, son of Llywelyn, the wife <>f "the lord 
Rhys,' son of Rhys Meehyll. And then, ahout the 
calends of winter, Owain, son of Maredndd, Lord of 
Cydewain, died. 

1 262. The ensuing year, " Rickerfc, earl of Clare, 
died. The same year, about the feast of St. Andrew, 
some men, by the counsel of the people of Maelienydd, 
came to the new castle that Roger Mortimer 
had in Maelienydd. And after having entered, 
through treachery, they killed the porters, and seized 
Howel, son of Meurug, "who was constable there, 
with his wife and his sons and his daughters. And 
they informed the seneschal and constable of the lord 
Llywelyn thereof; and those hastened there to burn 
the castle. And when the aforesaid Roger heard 
of that, he came with vast strength to support him 
to :1 the place' of the said castle, and pitched his tents 
within the walls for a few days. And when Llywelyn 
became acquainted with that, he collected an army, 
and came into Maelienydd, and received the homage 
of the men of Maelienydd. And after gaining two 
ether castles, he gave permission to Roger Mortimer 
to return back; and he, by the request of the good 
men of Brecheiniog, went to Brecheiniog, and, after 
taking the homage of the country, he returned to 
Gwynedd. 

12G3. The ensuing year, 5 a little before Easter,' 
John 6 Strange the younger, who was •'' then bailiff 
of Castle Baldwin, made a night attack with a vast 



■■'" young Rhys, 



4 a ' b. a 

u Ystrans. B. Ystra'ms, C. E. I 



350 BRUT 7 TYWYSOOIO.V. 

ganfcaO at drate Keri "■ a Ghedewein/ A gfiedy kynnulla6 
diruaOr anrcitli o lionaO ymchoelut aoru<- dradicfyii 
1 [yOaerfc' 2 ford Gedewein Ydanad]. A phan gigleu y 
Kymry liynny y ymlit aOnaethant, a Ilad y dyd li6nnf» 
or Saeson m6y no Sendee kant y rGg ar y meyssyd, 
ac yn yscubaOr Aber MiOl. Ac yny lie wedy liynny 
y llosges Ion 8 Ystrog yr yscubaOr 1 [o] achate y 
lladua honno, ac ycbydic wedy liynny y lias y Kymry 
yn yinyl Colnnoy. Yr amser hOnnO ydoed Edwarfc yn 
ymdeith ardal GOyned, ac yn Ilos<^L rei or trefyd. A 
gOedy liynny yd ymchoelaGd y Loeger. Ac yna o 
annoc y kythreul yd ymedewis Danyd a cliedym- 
deitbas Llywelyn y vraGfc. Ac yd aeth y Loegyr 
arei oe aruollwyr y gyt ac ef. Ar amser hOnnC y 
kyfodes barfmeit Lloegyr a rei o ieirll y gyt ar 
Kymry yn erbyn Etwarfc ar estronyon, ac aruaethu 
i ea gOrfehlad 5 oc eu' plith ac o h oil Loegyr a dar 
y °dinassoed c kedyrn o nadnnt o distryO y kestyll, a 
llosgi y llysocd. Ac yna y distrywaOd Llywelyn y 
kestyll aoed YggOyned yny gyfoeth. Nyt am gen 
Degan6y a 7 Chaer Faelan.' A GrnfFudd ab GOenn- 
Ciyiidyn a distryOaGd castell yr 6ydgruc. 

MCCLXIV. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb y bu gouadOy denryse 
y r6g Henri urenliin ac Etwart y uab. Ae kym- 
horthoyr or neilltn. Ar ieirll ar barfmeit or tn aralL 
Ac yn liynny y doetli hyt via maes Leos brenMn 
Lloegyr ' |ac dcu va j>J a brenliin yr Alniae.n ae den 
v;d» wedy ymmaruoll y gyt ar dala y ieirll ar barwn- 



••■" byt Ygkededein. '• H ddav. 

■■ ' kadarnnliaf 



' B. 

-■ a 

3 Ystrans, B, 



A y, B. 
v oc, B. 

" diucssyd, B. 



THE CHRONICLE OF TIIE PRINCES. 351 

force upon Ceri a and Cydewain •/ and after collecting 

immense spoil, he returned back, Mown "by way of 
Cydewain to the Tanad.' And when the Welsh got 
information of this, they pursued thorn, and slew on 
that day, of the English, upwards of |p twelve hundred, 
including those on the fields and in the barn of Aber 
Miwl. And immediately after that, John B Strange 
burned the barn on account of that slaughter ; and 
a little afterwards he killed the Welsh near Col- 
unwy. At that time, Edward was traversing the 
region of Gwynedd, and burning sonic of the towns. 
And after that he returned to England. And then. 
by the instigation of the devil, David forsook the 
society of his brother Llywelyn, and went to Eng- 
land, with some of his confederates. At that time, 
ihe barons of England, and some earls, rose with the 
Welsh, against Edward and the strangers, purposing 
fco expel them from amongst them, and out of all 
England, to subdue the ° strong cities, and to destroy 
the castles that were in Gwynedd, in his territory; to 
wit, Dyganwy and 7 Cacr Vaelan/ And Gruffudd, son 
of Gwenwynwyn, destroyed the castle of Gwydd 

12G4. The ensuing year, there was a memorable dis- 
turbance between king Henry and Edward his son, 
with their supporters on the one side, and the ear] 
and barons on the other side. And upon that occa- 
sion, the king of England ' and his two sons,' and 
the king of Germany, and his two sons, came to the 
plain of Lewes, having agreed together upon seizing 



a ' ' as far as Cydewain; '■ " two 

c ' strongest 



'•' Karec Ffaelan, E. Charrec | * C F 
-.B 



352 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

fit aoedynt yn mynnu kyfrcithou a deuodeu da 
Lloegyr. Ac eissoes y dyghetuen ayrachoelaOd yny 
ghrthOyneb. Kanys y ieirll ar barGneit adelis yno y 
l.i-iihined, a den vab Henri vrenbin nyt amgen 
Etwaxt ac Etmwnt, a phump ar hugein or barGneit 
pennaf aoed y gyt ac Gynfc, a llawer or marcliogyon 
bonhedickaf o nadnnt, wedy Had mGy no deg mil o 
wyr y brenhined, herwyd y dywaOt rei or g6yr a vu 
yny vrGydyr. A gftedy hynny o gyghor y gellygaGd 
y ieirll vrenhin Lloegyr gan garcliaru yrei ereill. Y 
vloydyn honno y trigyaOd y Kymry yn hedOch y gan 
Y.saeson, a Llywelyn ab Gruffud yn dywyssaGc ar 
lioll Gymry. Ac yna y bu uarO LiyOelyn ab Ry.s ab 
MaelgOn ' [ap yr arglwydd Rys ap Gruffydd ap Rys 
ap Tewdwr] yr Oythuet dyd or YstOyll. 



MCCLXV. Y uloydyn rac oyneb du6 leu kyn gGyl y 
DrindaOt y diegis Etwart uab Henri vrenhin o garchav 
Si 1 1 unit MGnford o gaxtell Henford drOy ystryO Roser 
Mortymer. A g&edy hynny y kynnullaGd Edwart 
diruaOr lu o ieirll a barOneit a marcliogyon aruaOc 
yn erbyn SimOnt MGnford ae gyt aruollOyr, a dufi 
MaOrth nessaf wedy ACst y doethant y gyt hyt ym 
maea Efsam. A gGedy bot a darestOg y' vrGydyr y 
rygtunt a Had Hater o bop tu y dygOydaOd SimOnt 
Mini ford ae vab, a HuossogrGyd or rei ereill. Y ulGyd- 
yn honno vis MaGrth y bu uarO Maredud ab Owein 
'[up Gruftudd ap yr arglwydd Rys/ 3 amdiffyn\vr 
I i.>ll Deheubarth achynghonvr holl Gymry] yn Llan 



a ' ,J garO dost 



1 E. \ v E. 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES, 833 

the earls and borons, who were seeking feo obtain the 
good laws ami customs of England. Yet, nevertheless, 
fate turned adverse; for the earls and barons there 
seized the kings and the two sons of kins Henrv. 

namely, Edward and Edmund, with twenty-live of 
the principal barons who were with them, and many 
of the noblest knights among them, after more than 
ten thousand men had been killed on the side of 
the kings, as some of the men who were in the 
battle say. And after that, by advice, the earls 
liberated the king of England, and imprisoned the 
others. That year, the Welsh enjoyed peace from the 
English ; Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, being prince of 
all Wales. And then, Llywelyn, son of Rhys, son 
of Maelgwn, ' son of the lord Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, son of Tewdwr/ died on the octave of 
Epiphany. 

1265. The ensuing year, the Thursday before tue 
feast of the Trinity, Edward, son of king Henry, 
escaped out of the prison of Simon Montford, in the 
castle of Hereford, through the scheme of Roger 
Mortimer. And after that, Edward collected a vast 
army of earls and barons and armed knights, against 
Simon Montford and his confederates ; and on the 
Tuesday next after August, they came together to the 
field of Esham. And when the battle between them 
had a abated, and many been killed on both sides, 
Simon Montford and his son fell, with a multitude 
of others. That year, the month of March, Mared- 
udd, son of Owain, -son of Gruffudd, son of the lord 
Rhys, the defender of all South Wales, and counsellor 



a4 been severely sharp, 



C. I ■ B. 



354 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Badarn Va6r ac y elad6yfc ' [ygkabidyldy ymyneich] 
yn Ystrat Fflur. Ac yna ydetholet 2 y pedwyryd 
Clemens' yn bap. 

MCCLXVX Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y dihegis deu vab 
SiniOnt MGnford o garchar y brenliin. A gOedy kad- 
arnliau castell Kelli 6>"da o wyr ac arueu ac ymborth 
:1 mordGyaO aGnaeth' y Freinc y geissaO nerth y gan y 
kereint ae 4 kedymdeithon. A phan gigleu Henri 
urenhin bynny kynnullaG diruaOr lu aoruc o boll 
Loegyr y ym lad ar castell wedy g(>y] Ieuan Vedydy6r. 
Ar castell wyr yn GraOl a gynhalassant y castell hyt 
nos Gyl Thomas ebostol. Ac yna 6 o eisseu ymborth y 
rodassant y castell drGy gael o honunt c [yn yach] y 
henoideu ae baelodeu ae harueu yn ryd. 



moclxvji. Y ulGydyn rac Oyneb yd ymaruolles 
Llywelyu ab Grufud a iarll Clar. Ac yna y a kyrch- 
a&d y iarll Lundein a diruaOr hi gantaO/ a fchrOy 
dOyll y bOrgeisseit y goresgynnaOd y dref. A phan 
gigleu Henri vrenhin ac Etwart y vab bynny kyn- 
nnllalj diruaOr lu aorugant achyrchu Llundein ac ymlad 
ahi, a thrGy amodeu kymell y iarll ar bOrgeisseit y 
ymrodi udunt. A gGedy bynny duO gGyl Galixto bab 
y ffuryfhaOyt hedOch y rOg Henri vrenhin a Llywelyn 
ab Gruffud drGy Octo Bonus legafc y pab yn T gym- 
odrodOr y rygtunt yg kastell Baldwin, a tbros y 
kyfundeb h6nn6 yd edewis Llywelyu ab Gruffud yr 



a ' B kynnyllaOd yiarll diruaGr lu, 



1 B. C. ' morGydaO nOnaethant, B. 

-' Clemens pedGeryd, B. | ' ketymeithori, B. 



THE CHEONICLE OF THE PRIN- 355 

of all Wales,' died at Llanbadarn the Great, and was 

buried 'in the chapter house of the monks.' a( Strata 
Florida. Then the fourth Clement was elected pope. 

liMU. Tin- ensuing year, the two sons of Simon 
Montford escaped from the prison of the king. And 
after fortifying the castle of Celli Wrda, and supply- 
ing it with men and arms and provisions, ho sailed 
for France, to seek aid from his relations and friends. 
And when king Henry had information of that, lie 
collected a vast army from all England to attack the 
castle, after the feast of St. John the Baptist ; and the 
garrison manfully defended the castle until the eve of 
the feast of St. Thomas the Apostle. And then, for 
want of provision, they delivered up the castle <>n 
their having their lives and limbs safe, and retain- 
ing their arms. 

.1207. The ensuing .year, Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 
confederated with earl Clare. And then :l tin' ear] 
marched with an immense army to London;' and 
through the treachery of the burgesses he possi i 
himself of the town. And when king Henry and his 
son Edward was informed of this, they collected an 
immense army, and marched to London, and attacked 
it; and upon conditions they compelled the earl and 
the burgesses to submit to them. After that, on the 
feast of pope Calixtus, pence was confirmed between 
king Henry and Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, by Octo- 
bonus, the pope's legate, as arbitrator between them 
at Castle Baldwin; and on account of that com- 
pact, Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, promised tin' king 



a' a 



the earl collected an immense army, 



6 rac, B. I ' <r)i)ienio<l\ t, IS. 

- Ii. I » B. 

/ 2 



350 BBUT Y TYWYSOOION. 

brenhin ft deg mil arhugeint o uorceu o ysterligot. Ar 

I > i • - 1 1 1 1 ii i agenhataaOd idad ynteu ghrogaeth holl varOn- 
c- it Kymry, ac ymgynhal or barOneit 1 yr eidunt y 
danaO ynteu bytli, ac eu gal6 yn dywyssogyon Kymry 
hynny allan. Ac yn tystyolacth ar liynny y ^kyn- 
fialya6d y brenhin y siartyr ef y Llywelyn o gytsya- 
ncdigaeth ac y etiuedyou yn rOymedic oe inseil ef, 
ac inseil y dywededic legat, a hynny a gadarnhaOyt 
o awdurdaOt y pap. Yny vlnydyn lionno y lladaGd 
Charles vrenhin Cisil Coradin wyr 2 [y] Flredric am- 
heraOdyr a mab Ffredric y myOn brOydyr ar Uaes 

II y POyl. Y uldydyn lionno y darestygadd SOdan 
Babilon dinas Antiocbia gOedy Had y gbyr ar g&raged 
:i difi'eithaO g&lat Armenia ac eu dGyn y geitbiwet. 



ICCCLXVm. 2 [Yn] y ul6ydyn rac 6yneb y bu uarO 
GronO ab Eidnyuet 4 [distein yr tywyssawc noswyl 
Luc' fl euengylwr gwr arderchawc yn arueu a bael o 
rodyon doeth y gyngor achywir y weithret adigrif 
y eiryeu] a Ioab abat Ystrat Flur. 

MCCLXix. Y uldydyn rac Oyneb " [y vii dydd] ym 
mis Racuyr y bu uarO Grufud ab " c [Madoc arglOyd 
MaelaOr a] MadaOc Uycban y uraOt' ac y cladhyt yn 
LJan EgOestyl. 

MCCLXX. Deg mlyned athrugeint a deu cant a mil 
oed oet Crist pan uu varO Maredud ab Grufud arglOyt 



• a7 dair b2 canliadaOd 

c '° GrufTydd ap Maredudd ap Gruffydd Maelor a 
Maredudd Vychan i vrawd 



1 or, B. I 8 yn, C. 

> 11. I " E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCES. 357 

a ten and twenty thousand sterling marks. And the 
king granted that he should have the homage of all 
the barons of Wales, and that the barons should 
hold under him their property for ever; and they 
were thenceforth to be called princes of Wales. And 
in testimony thereof, the king >> confirmed his charter 
to Llywelyn, with the consent of his heirs, bound by 
his .seal, and the seal of the said legate, and that was 
established by the authority of the pope. In that 
year Charles, king of Sicily, killed Conradin, the 
grandson of the emperor Frederick, and the son of 
Frederick, in a battle on the plain of Poland. That 
year, the soldan of Babylon reduced the city »>i' 
Antioch, after slaying the men and women, and 
ravaging the country of Armenia, and carrying the. 
inhabitants into bondage. 

1208. 2 In the ensuing year died Goronwy, son of 
Ednyved, 4 steward of the prinee's household, on the 
eve of St. Luke' 5 the Evangelist, a man illustrious in 
arms, and generous in gifts, wise in council, and 
upright in deed, and humorous in words/ and Joab, 
the abbot of Strata Florida. 

12(39. The ensuing year, "the seventh day' of the 
month of December, Gruffudd, son of '-' ( ' Madog. lord of 
Maelor, and' Madog the Little, his brother' died, and 
were buried at Llancgwestl. 

1270. One thousand two hundred and seventy was 
the year of Christ, when Maredudd, son of Gruffudd, 



u 7 three ],u granted 

°' ,J Gruffudd, son of Maredudd, son of Gruffudd 
Maelor, and Maredudd the Little, his brother, 



C, j ' E. 

C.E. I ■ C. E. 



358 BRUT Y TYWYSOGIOX. 

Hirvryn trannoeth o duO gOyl ' Lucy wyry ygkastell 
Llan Ymdyfri, ac y cladGyt a [ygkabidyldy y myneich] 
yn Ystrat Flur. Y ulGydyn lionno 3 [mis Hydrefj 
y goresgynnaGd Llywelyn ab Gruffud gastell Gaer 
Filii Yn y ulGydyn lionno y bu uarG Lowys vrenhin 
Freinc ae vab, alegat 4 [ypab] y gyt ac ef ar y ford 
yn mynet Ygaerussalem, ar Lowys hGimG yssyd sant 
enrydedus yny nef. 

MCCLXXI. 4 [Yn] y vlGydyn rac Gyneb y whechet dyd 
Gedy AGst y bu varG 5 Maredud ab' Rys Gryc ygkastell 
'[yn] y DryelGyn, ac y cladOyt yn y Ty GGynn 6 [yn 
yr eglwys vawr ar y gradeu] rac bron yr allaGr vaOr. 
Ym perm 4 [y] teir Oytlmos gGedy bynny 7 [yr wythved 
dydd wedy gwyl Sain Lowrans] y bu uarG Rys ieuanc 
uab Rys Mecyll 3 [ap Rys Gryc] ygkastell DinefOr, ac 
y cladGyt yn Tal y Llyclieu. 

MCCLXXii. 4 [Yn] y ulGydyn rac Gyneb y bu uarG 
Henri vrenhin duG gGyl 8 Filie wyry gGedy gGledycliu 
wytbnos amis ac vn vlGydyn arbymtliec adeugein, ac 
ycladOyt yny vanachlaGe neGyd yn Llmidein. A. gGedy 
ef y gGledychaOd y mab hynaf idaG 4 [el"J, a gGeith- 
redoed liOnnG yssyd 4 [yn] yscriuenedic ynystoryaeu y 
brenliined. Y ulGydyn lionno gGyl Sein Denis } 7 d 
-(In-let y decuet Gregori bap. 

MCCLXXIIL Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb yd atueraGd Owein 
a Grufiul veibon Maredud ab Owein 8 [ap Gruffydd 
ap yr arglwydd Rys] y kymGt perued y Gynan ! 'y 
braGt amgylch gGyl Veir y canhGylleu. 

mcl'F.xxiv. Y vlGydyn rac Gyneb amgylch y Pasc 
bychan y gofoyaGd LlyGelyn ab Gruffud gastell Dol 
VorGyn. A dyvynu attaG aoruc Rufiud ab GGenOyn- 



1 Luc, B. 

- II. C. 
:i E. 



1 /;. 

v Not in C. E. 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PR1NI ES. 359 

lord of Hirvryn, died, on the morrow of the roast of 

St. ' Lucy, Virgin, in the castle of Llanyinddyvri. and 
was buried - in the chapter house of the monks,' at 
Strata Florida. That year, 3 in the month of October/ 
Uywelvn, son of Gruffudd, possessed himself of the 
castle of Caerphili. The same year died Louis, king 
of France, and his son, ami "the pope's' legate with 
him, "ii the road going to Jerusalem ; and that Louis 
is an honourable saint in heaven, 

1271. *In the ensuing year, the sixth day after 
August, died 5 Maredudd, son of Rhys the Hoarse, in 
the castle at Dyryslwyn, and was buried at Whit- 
land, "in the great church, on the steps' in front of 
the high altar. At the end of three weeks afterwards, 
7 on the octave of the feast of St. Laurence,' young 
Rhys, son of Rhys Meehyll, :l son of Rhys the 
Hoarse,' died in the castle of Dinevwr. and was 
buried at Tal y Llychau. 

1272. 4 In the ensuing year, king Henry died, on 
the feast of St. Cicily, Virgin, after reigning fifty- six 
years, one month, and one week, and was buried in 
the new monastery in London. And after him his 
eldest son reigned; his acts arc written in the his- 
tories of the kings. The same year, on the feast of 
St. Denis, the tenth Gregory was elected pope. 

1273. The ensuing year, Owain and Gruffudd, sons 
of Maredndd, son of Owain, 3 son of Gruffudd, son of 
the lord Buys,' restored the middle comot to their 
brother Cynan, about Candlemas day. 

1274. The ensuing year, about Low Easter, Llyw- 
elyn, sou of Gruffudd, visited the castle of Dolvor- 
wyn. And he summoned to him Gruffudd, son of 



C. i " Cicilie, D. bissil, C. K. 

'CIS. ■■■ .-. P, 



.'300 JiRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

fivn, ac yinlio ac et* amy t(>3'll ar agkyOirdeb aOnath- 
oed LdaO, a dOyn y arnaO ArOystli !l atheir tref ar 
dec o GefeilaGc yssyd tu draO Ydyfi yn RiO Helyc,' 
a dala Owein y niab hynaf idaO ae dOyn y gyfc ac ef 
hyt YggGyned. Y ulGydyn honno y gOnaeth y decuet 
Gregori bap kyffredin gOnsli yn ' LiOn duO kalan Mei. 
Y ulGydyn honno duO Sul gOedy duO gOyl Veir yn 
AOst y kyssegrOyt yn Llundein Etwart nab y trydyd 
Henri yn vrenhin yn Lloegyr. Yn y nlOydyn honno 
amgylch gOyl Andraa ydanuones Llywelyn genadeu at 
Ruflfud ab GGcnnGynnfiyn hyfc ygkastell y TrallOg. Ac 
ynteu ae haruolles 2 6ynt yn llaGen ac aeduc yr castell, 
ac ae porthes yn anhOyl. 3 Ar nos honno ydaeth ef 
y AmOythic ac y gorchym}'nnaud yr castellwyr attal 
y kenadeu ygkarchar. A phan giglen y tywyssaOc 
hynny kynnnllaG lioll Gymry aOnaeth y ymlad ar 
cast* -11. A gOedy dyuot yno 4 [ef] ae hi y rodes y 
castellwyr LdaO y castell. A gOedy rydhau ohonaO y 
kastellwyr ar kenadeu y llosges y castell 4 [ac y dis- 
tryOaOd] hyt y lladr. Ac odyna y goresgynnaGd holl 
gynoeth Grufnd ab GOendynGyn heb 5 GrthGynebed, ac 
y gossodes y sdydogyon e hnn ynyr holl gyfoeth. 
Yny vldydyn honno y bu gyfnewit deu gymOt y 
rOg Kynan ° [ap Mredudd ap Owein] a Rys lj ieuanc 
| i vrawd] ac y cleutli 7 Pennard y Gynan, ar kymGt 
perued y Rys Vyclian. 



Jl ' 8 ac vn kantref ar ddec rwng Riw a Helygi a 
rami o Gyveilioc, 
b * Vychan. 



1 Unfa, n. i • Ac v, B. 

1 bOjr, 11. ■ B. ' 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PlUNiTK. 361 

Gwenwynwyn, whom ho upbraided for the deceit and 
disloyalty lie experienced from him; and he took from 

him Arwystli, "and thirteen townships of Cyveiliog. 
which arc on the farther side of the Dyvi, in Rbiw 
Helyg,' and took Owain, his eldest son. and carried 
him along with him to Gwynodd. That year, pope 
Gregory the tenth held a general council in Lyons, 
on the calends of May. That year, the Sunday after 
the feast of St. Mary in August, Edward, son of the 
third Henry, was consecrated king of England. In 
that year, about the feast of St. Andrew, Llywelyn 
sent messengers to GrulTudd, son of Gwenwynwyn, to 
the castle, of Trallwng ; who on his part received them 
joyfully, brought them into the castle, and entertained 
them lavishly. And on that night he went to Shrews- 
bury, and commanded the garrison to detain the mes- 
sengers in prison. And when the prince heard that, 
he assembled all Wales to fight against, the castle. 
And when he had arrived there with Ilia army the 
garrison delivered up the castle to him ; and when he 
had liberated the garrison and the messengers, he 
burned the castle, 4 and destroyed it' to the ground. 
After that he subdued all the territory of Grufludd, 
son of Gwenwynwyn, without opposition, and placed 
his own officers in all the territory. In the same 
year, there was an exchange of comots between Cynan, 
"son of Maredudd, son of Owain/ and ''young Rhys 
"his brother;' and thus Penardd came to Cynan, and 
the middle comot to Rhys the Little. 



iL ' 8 and eleven cantrevs between Rbiw and Helygi, 
and a portion of Cyveiliog, 

'» 4 little 



5 Grlhdyncp, 77. I ' Pennartli, B. 

*E. \ - C, K. 



362 BRUT V TYwTSOGJOK. 

MCCLXXV. ' | Yn] y vlOydyn rac Gyneb ycliydie -'ar 

[en ■' Kycbafel y gossodes Etwart vrenhin gOnsli yn 

Lhmdein. Ac yna y gossodes *ef gossodeu' neOyd 6 ar 

yr lioll deyrnas. Yny ulOydyn honno yny pymthec- 

uet dyd o Afet y bu narG " [YOcin] ab Maredud ab 

Owein 7 [ap Qruffydd ap yr arglwydd Rys] ac y 

cladGyt yn Ystrat Fflur 8 [yny cabidyldy yinyneich] 

geir llaO y dat. Y ulOydyn honno amgylcli gOyl Veil- 

Ymedi y deuth Etwart urenhin o Lundein hyt Ygkaer 

Lleoii, ac "a dyunnaOd attaO Lywelyn ab Gruffiul 

tywyssaOc Kyinry y wneuthur idaG gOrogaeth. Ar 

tyGyssaGc a dyfynnaGd attaG ynteu holl varOneit 

Kymry, ac o gyffredin gyghor nyt aetli ei" at y 

brenhin o achats vot y brcnhin yn kynlial y ffoodron 

cfj nyt anigen Dauyd ab Gniffud, a Grurfud ab GOenn- 

OynGyn. Ac or achaOs h Grind yd ymchoelaOd y brenhin 

yn llidyaGc y Loegyr, ac yd ymchoelaOd LlyGelyn y 

Gymiy. 1 [Yn | y ulOydyn honno yr Oythuet dyd o 

6yl Veir Ymedi y crynaOd y daear Ygkymry amgylcli 

aOr echOyd. Y ulOydyn honno 7 [wedy gwyl Vilhangel] 

y ,o mordwya0d P]mri nab SimGnt MGnford, ac Elianor 

ychwaer tu a GGyned. Ac ar yr hynt ll honno y delit 

'-' Gynt y gan porthmyn IS HaOlrrbrd. Ac y hanuonet 

ygkarchar EtOart urenhin. Ar Elianor honno a gym- 

erassei LyOelyn yn Greic priaGt idaO drOy eireu kyn- 

drychaOl. A honno drGy Avedien ac annoc Innosens 

bap a bonhedigyon Lloegyr a rydhaGyt. Ac yna 

14 [gwyl Saint Edwart] y gOnaethpGyt priodas Llywelyn 

ac Elianor Ygkaer Wynt, ac Etwart vrenhin Lloegyr 

yn costi y wled ar neithaOr ehun yn ehelaeth, Ac or 



1 n. 

- kynn. IS. 

3 kjfachaucl, B. 

'' gossodedigaetlii-'u, J>. 



1 yn, B. 

7 K. 
*£. C. 



THE CHBONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 368 

12,55. ' In the ensuing year, a little before Ascension 
Thursday, king Edward appointed a council in I, en 
don; and then he established m-w institutions over 
the whole kingdom. In that year, on the fifteenth 
day of August, "Owain, .son of Maredndd. son of 
Owain, 7 son of Grufludd, son of the lord Rhys/ died, 
and was buried at Strata Florida, B in (lie chapter 
house of the monks/ near his father. That year, about 
the least of St. Mary in September, king Edward 
came from London to Caerleon, and summoned to him 
Llywelyn, son of Grufludd, prince of Wales, to do 
homage to him. And tho prince summoned unto him 
all the barons of Wales ; and by general consent, he 
did not go to the king, because the king harboured 
his fugitives, namely, David, sun of Grufludd, and 
(Irufl'ndd, son of Gwenwynwyn. And on that account 
the king returned to England in anger, and Llywelyn 
returned fco Wales. ' In that year, the octave of the 
feast of St. Mary in September, there was an earth- 
quake in Wales, about the hour of evening tide. 
That year, 7 after the feast of St. Michael/ Emri, son 
of Simon Montford, with Eleanor his sister, sailed for 
Gwynedd. And upon that journey they were seized 
by i lie gate keepers of Haverford, and conveyed to 
the prison of king Edward. And this Eleanor had 
been betrothed to Llywelyn for his wife by represen- 
tative words. And she, through the intercession and 
advice of pope Innocent and the gentry of England, 
was set at liberty. And then, 14 on the feast of St. 
Edward/ the marriage of Llywelyn and Eleanor was 
solemnized at Winchester, Edward, king of England 
himself bearing the cost of the banquet and nuptial 



" y, B. '- l'6y, B. 

' 'mor&ydaGd, B. ' MaOrfibrth, B. 

11 Iionni., 7i. I l 'C.E. 



301- BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

Kilanor honno y bu y Lywelyn vercli aelwit GCen- 
llian. a Ac Eilanor a vn uarO y ar etiued. ac y 
1 cladOyt - [yinanaelieloe y brodyr troetnoeth] yn Linn 
Vaes Yinmon. Ar dywededic Wenllian wedy mart 
y that a ducpdyt ygkcitliiwet y Loegyr, a chyn 'hot 
yn' oet y gOnaethpOyt yn nanaches oe lianuod. Ac 
Emri a rydhaOyt o garchar y brenliin, ac aduc bynfc 
y lys Rufein. 

MCCLXXVl. Y vldydyn vac Gynefo yd anuones yr av- 
glGyd Lywelyn niynych genadeu y lys y brenliin with 
i'urlaO fcagnefed y rygtunfc, ac ny rymbaaCd idaG. Ac 
yny diwed amgylch gGyi c Ueir y kanGylleu' y gos- 
Bodes y brenliin gOnsli Ygkaer Wyragon. Ac 3 yno 
yd ansodes trillu yn erbyn Kyinry. Vn y Gaer Lleon 
ac ef clinii yn y blaen, arall y gastell Baldwin, ac 
yny blaen iarll Lincol, a Roser Movtyraer. •' Y rei 
hynny adodes Gruffud ab GGenGynOyn 4 y goreskyn 
oe gyfoebli agollassei kynno bynny, gan attal yr bren- 
liin Gedewein a Clieri a Gdertlirynyon a Buellt/ Ac 
yno y goresgynnaGd iarll Henford VreeheinaGc. Y 
trydyd llu a anuones y Gaer Vyrdin a CheredigyaGn, 
ac yn y blaen Paen 6 nab Padric DysaOs. 

mcclxxvi i. Y ulGydyn rac Gyneb y kylchynaGd iarll 
Lincol a Roser Mortymer gastell Dol VorGyn ac 



afl Ar dyOededic ,/ ° amser 

e' 7 Sanffraid, 

'•' s Ar llu hwnnw a oresgynnodd Powys i Ruflydd 
ap Gwenwynwyn. A Chydewain Aclieri a Gwerth- 
rynion a Built i Roclier Mortmcr. 



1 hagkladOyt, D. I 3 odyno. B. 

■ C. | ' yn, IJ. 



Till. CHBONICLE OF Till'. PRI.WKS. 863 

festivities liberally. Ami of that Eleanor there was a 
daughter to Llywelyn, called Gwenllian ; a and Eleanor 
died in childbirth, and -was buried '-'in the chapter 
house of the barefooted friars/ at Llanvaes in Mona. 

The said Gwenllian, after the death of her father, waa 
taken as a prisoner to England, and before h she was' 
of age, she was made a nun against her consent. 
Eniri was liberated from the king's prison, and he 
took a jounicy to the court of Rome. 

1270. The ensuing year, the lord Llywelyn sent 
frequent messengers to the court of the king about 
forming a peace between them, but he did not suc- 
ceed. And at length, about the feast of c Candlemas/ 
the king appointed a council at Worcester; and there 
he designed three armies against Wales ; one for 
Caerleon, and himself to lead it ; another for Castle 
Baldwin, led by the earl of Lincoln and Roger 
Mortimer. ll Grutfudd, son of Gwenwynwyn, had fixed 
upon them to reconquer his territory, -which he had 
previously lost, by refusing Cydewain and Ceri and 
Gwerthrynion and Buellt to the king/ And then the 
earl of Hereford got possession of Brecheiniog. The 
third army he sent to Caermarthen and Ceredigion, 
led by Pain, son of Patrick de Says. 

1277. The ensuing year, the earl of Lincoln and 
Roger Mortimer besieged the castle of Dolvorwyn, 



* Cl and the said ,J/C the time 

°" St. Bridget, 

(i ' 8 which host subdued Powys for Gruffudd, son of 
Gwenwynwyn, and Cydewain and Ceri and Gwerth- 
rynion and Buellt for Roger Mortimer. 



1 ap, B. I 7 E. 

D tf. I B C. E. 



M,C> BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

yrnpenn y pytheOnos y kadssant ef o eisseu dyftr. 
Yna y kyfunaOd Rys ab Maredud ' [ap Owain ap 
Gruffydd ap yr arglwydd Rys], a Rys WyndaOt 1 [ap 
Rys ievaiigk ap Rys Mechell a|) Rys Gryc ap yr 
arglwydd Rys] nei ' [ap chwaer] y tywyssaOc, a 
Phaen 2 uab Padric a LlyOelyn y vra6t a Howd 
Rys Gryc ' aadaOssant :) y kyuoetli ac a aethant y 
Wyned at Lywelyn. Rys ab MaelgOn 1 [ap yr 
arglwydd Rys] a aeth at Roser Mortymer ac arodes 
darestygedigaeth yr brenhin yn llaO Roser. Ac yn 
diwethaf oil o Deheubarth y kyfunaOd Gruffud a 
Chynan veibon Maredud ab Owein ' [ap Gruffydd 
ap yr arglwydd Rys a Llywelyn ab Owein y nei 
ar brenhin. Ac nelly y darestygOyt lioll Deheubarth 
yr brenhin. Ac yna y darestygaOd Paen uab Padric 
yr brenhin tri chymOt o Vch Aeron ; ° AnhunyaOc a 
Meuenyd ar kymOt Perued. Ac ydaeth Rys uab 
Maredud, a Rys WyndaOt, a deu uab Varedud ab 
Owein ' [ap Gruffydd ap yr arglwydd Rys 4 o Geredig- 
yawn] ylys y brenhin y hebrOg gOrogaeth a 110 
kywirdeb idaO. Ar brenhin aoedes gyinryt y gOro- 
gaeth hyt y kOnsli nessaf gan ellOg adref Rys ab 
Maredud a Grufud ab Maredud ac attal y gyt ac ef 
Gynan ab Maredud ' [ap Owain] a Rys WyndaOt. 
Ac yna y "doxies Paen Lywelyn ab Owein yn uab 



ft' 7 a Llvwelyn brawd Rys Wyndawd a Howel a]) 
Rys Gryc, 



1 E. 3 eu, B. 

■ ap, B. * C. 



THE CHRONICLE OP THE PRINCES. 367 

and at the end of a fortnight they obtained it, through 

want of water. Then Rhys, son of Maredudd, ' son 
of Owain, son of Gruil'udd, son of the lord llhys,' 
and Rhys Wyndod, ' son of young Rhys, son of 
Rhys Mechell, son of Rhys the Hoarse, Bon of the 
lord Rhys/ nephew, ' sister's son,' to the prince, be- 
came reconciled to Pain, son of Patrick. !l Llyw- 
elyn, his brother, and Howel, and Rhys the Hoarse,' 
quitted their territory, and went to Gwynedd, to 
Llywelyn ; Rhys, son of Maelgwn, ' son of the lord 
Rhys/ went to Roger Mortimer, and made submission 
to the king, by the hand of Roger. And last of all, 
from South Wales, Grufiudd, and Cynan, the sons of 
Maredudd, son of Owain, ' son of Grufiudd, son of 
the lord Rhys/ and Llywelyn, son of Owain, his 
nephew, became reconciled to the king. And thus 
all South Wales became subjected to the king. 
Then Pain, son of Patrick, subjugated to the king- 
three comots of Upper Aeron — '''Anhnnog, and Meven- 
ydd, and the middle comot. And. Rhys, son of 
Maredudd, and Rhys Wyndod, and the two sons of 
Maredudd, son of Owain, l son of Grufiudd, son of 
the lord Rhys,' '' from Ceredigion,' went to the court 
of the king, to offer their homage and oath of alle- 
giance to him. But the king delayed accepting their 
homage until the next council ; sending Rhys, son 
of Maredudd, and Grufiudd, son of Maredudd, home, 
and retaining with him Cynan, son of Maredudd, ' son 
of Owain/ and Rhys Wyndod. And then Pain placed 
Llywelyn, son of Owain, as a youth in guardianship, 



0/7 and Llywelyn, brother of Rhys Wyndod, and 
Howel, son of Rhys the Hoarse, 



'- Nanlivniawc. C. E. '■ C. E. 

' rodes, B, 






3fi8 BRUT Y TYWYSOGION. 

ygkad6ryaeth o achate diffyc oet. GOedy hynny yr 
Oythuet dyd o (>y\ Ieuan y gGnaeth llys ab Mael- 
gOn ar pedwar barOn vry Grogaeth yr breuhiu yny 
k(m li Ygkaer Wyragon. Y vlGydyn honno by] 
Iago ebosfcol ydeuth EtmOnt bra&t y brenhin allu 
gantaO hyt yn Llan Badarn, a dechreu adeilat 
castell Aber Ystwyth aGnaefch. Ac yna y deuth y 
tuvnhin fl ae gech-niit' gantaG yr Beruedwlat, a eliad- 
arnhau b llys idaG a ' Gnaefch yny Fflint o diraadr 
glodyeu yny chylch. Odyno y doeth hyt yn Rudlan 
ae chadarnhau hefyt o glodyeu yny chylch, a fchrigyafi 
yno dalym o amser a Gnaeth. Y ul6ydyn lionno duO 
SadGrn wedyAGst yd enkilyaGd Rys ab MaelgGn 8 [ap 
yr arglwydd Rys] y (jyned at Lywelyn rac ofyn y 
dala or Saeson :1 [a] oed yn Llan Badarn. Ac yna y 
goresgynnaGd y Saeson y holl gyfoeth. A cliyt ac ef 
yd enkilyaGd gGyr Geneu yr Glyn oil y 6yned, ac 
adaO y fcir ae liydeu oil yn diffeith. A nos wyJ 
Vatheu yd aeth EtniGnt a Phaen y Loegyr, ac adaG 
Ro er Mulus yn gGnstabyl yn Aber YstGyth ac y 
GarchadG y 6lat. A thrannoeth gGedy g6yl Seint Ynys 
yd ymchoelaOd Rys GyndaGt a Chynan ab Maredud o 
lys y brenhin 4 y eu gdlat. Y nlOydyn honno r 'yn 
dechreu y kynhayaf ydanuones y brenhin rami na&r 
oe In y Von y losgi 11a wer or wlafc "a dwyn Hater 
oe hydeu. A T [chalan gaiaf] gGedy hynny y deuth 
Llywelyn at y brenhin y lludlan, ac yd bedychaGd 



ft' a a diruaOr lu >» 8 kastell 



' oruc, B. I * yd, B. 

1 B. 5 vgkvlch, B. 

■ B. I 



THE CHRONICLE OF THE PRINCE& o(>9 

because of a deficiency of age. After that, on the 
octave of the feast of St. John, Rhys, son of Mael- 
gwn, and the four above named barons, did homage 
to the king in the council at Worcester. The same 
year, the feast of St. James the Apostle, Edmund, the 
king's brother, came with an army to Llanbadarn; 
and began to build a castle at Aberystwyth. Ami 
then the king, having ft his force' with him, came to 
llic Midland District, and fortified a '' court at Flint, 
surrounded with vast dykes. From thence lie pro- 
ceeded to Rhuddlan, and this he also fortified, by 
surrounding it with dykes ; and there he tarried some 
bima That year, the Saturday after August, Rhys, 
son of Maelgwn, 2 son of the lord Rhys,' retired to 
Gwynedd, to Llywelyn, for fear of being takes by 
the English who were at Llanbadarn ; ami thereupon 
(in: English took possession of his whole territory. 
And along with him the men of Genan y Clyn all 
.ted to Gwynedd, leaving the whole of their corn 
and land waste. On the eve of St. IVlathow, Edmund 
and Pain went to England, and left Roger Myles 
to be constable at Aberystwyth, and to protect the 
country. The day after the feast of St. Ynys, Rhys 
Wyndod, anil Cynan, son of Maredudd, returned from 
the court of the king to their own country. That 
year, in the beginning of harvest, the king sent a 
great part of his army into Mona, which burned much 
of the country, and took away much of the corn. 
And 7 on the calends of winter' after that, Llywelyn 
(■•line to the king at Rhuddlan, and made his peace 



'-""■' an immense army ,j8 castle 



ac v. H. " E. ' 



A A 



370 BRUT V TVWTSOGION. 

ac ef. Ac yna y gOahodea y brenhin ef y Nadolic 
y Lundein, ac ' ynteu aaeth yno. Ac yno y rodes 
y wrogaeth yr brenhin. A gOedy y drigyaG pyth- 
yn Llundein yd ymchoeladd y Gymry, Ac 
ygkylcb gOyl Andras y gollygdyt Owein Goch ac 
Owein ab Gruffnd 2 [ap Llywelyn ap Iorwerth a 
Gruffydd] ab GGen6yn&3 archar Llywelyn 

orchymyn y brenhin. Ac yna y canas Owein Goch y 
gan Ly welyn y vraOt oc g6byl uod gantref Llyyn. 

MCCLXXVUI. Y uldydyn rae Oyneb gnyl Etwart 
arenhin y rodes Etwart urenhin ac Etm6nt y uraOt 
Elianor y kefiritherO mercli SimGnt MGnford 2 [kanis 
Ellenor vcrch [evan vrenin oedd vam Simwnt Mwn- 
ffordd] y Lywelyn ar dr6s yr egltiys vaOr Ygkaer 
Oyragon, ac yno y priodes, ar nos lionno y gdnaeth- 
pOyt y neitbaOr. A thrannoeth yd ymclioelaOd 
Llywelyn ac Elianor yn UaOen y Gymry. 

mcclxxix. Y vlGydyn rac 6yneb y peris Etwart 
vreniiin IliiruaO mfmei newyd, a gdnenthur y dimeiot 
ar flyrlligot yn grynyon. Ac nelly y cOpkOyt pro- 
phOytolyaetb Vyrdin pan dywa&t. Ffuryf y gyfnewit 
aholltir, ar banner a vyd crGn. 

mcclxxx. Petwar ugeint mlyned adencant ami! oed 
oet Crisi pann uu uarO Kickert o Gaer Riu escob 
MynyO a duo kalan EbrilL' Ac yny 1c ynten ydurdOyt 
Thomas Beg yn escob. Y uloydyn lionno y bu uarG 



& s duw Llun nessaf kynn gwyl Seint Ambros 
kalan Ebrill. 



1 ef, B. I '-• E. 



THE Clii; OP THE PRINCES. 371 

with him j and then the king invited him to come 
to London at Christmas, and he went then', and 
there he made his homage to the king. An.l after 

he had remained in London a, fortnight, he returned 
feO Wall's. About the feast of St. Andrew, Owliin 
the Red, and Owain, soil of Gruffudd, -'son of Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, and Gruffudd/ son of Gwen- 
wynwvn were released from the prison of Llywelyn, 
by the command of the king. And then Owain the 
Red obtained from his brother Llywelyn the cant: 
Lleyn, with his full consent. 

1278. The ensuing year, the feast of St. Edward 
the king, king Edward and Edmund his brother, 
bestowed their cousin Eleanor, daughter of Simon 
Montford, 2 for Eleanor daughter of king John was 
the mother of Simon Montford,' on Llywelyn, at the 
door of the great church in Worcester, and there 
were the} 7- married ; and on that night the nuptials 
were solemnized. And the next day Llywelyn and 

i i or joyfully returned to Wales. 

1279. The ensuing year, Edward ordered the coin- 
ing of new money ; and that the halfpennies and 
farthings should be made round. And thus was ful- 
filled the prophecy of Myrddin 9 when he Bays, "The 
" symbol of the exchange shall lie split, and the half 
" shall he round." 

12S0. One thousand two hundred and eighty was 
the year of Christ, when Rickert, of Caer Rhiw, 
bishop of Menevia, died a on the calends of April ;' 
and in his stead Thomas Beck was consecrated bishop. 



a ' 3 on the Monday next before the feast of St. 
Ambrose, the calends of April ; 



c. 

A A 2 



372 BRUT Y TYWY80GI0N. 

Phylip Gocli y fcrydyd abat ardec o Ystrat Fflur. A 
gOedy ef y bu abat EinaOn Seis. Ac yn oes hGnnO 
y llosges y vanachlaOc. GOedy hynuy nos 6yl *Veir 
y kanhOylleu' y cant escob MynyO offeren yn Ystrat 
Fflur, a honno vu yr offeren gyntaf a ganaOd ynyr 
escobaftfc, a duti gOyl Dewi rac Oyneb yd eistedaOd yny 
gadeir yn eglOys VynyO. 

MCCLXXxr. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb y goresgynnaOd 
Dauyd ab Grufud gastell 1 Penhardlecli Gyl Scint Benet 
abat, ac y lladaOd y kastellwyr oil eitbyr Rosser 
Clifort arglOyd y castell a Phaen 2 Gameis. Y rei 
liynny a delis ac agarcharaOd. 

MCCLXXXII. Y vlOydyn rac Oyneb gOyl Ueir y 
gehyded y goresgynnaOd Gruffud ab Maredud s [ap 
Owein ap Gruffydd ap yr arglwydd Rys], a Rys ab 
MaelgOn 3 [ Vychan ap Maelgwn ap yr arglwydd 
Rys] dref Aber YstOyth arcastell, ac y llosgassant y 
dref ar castell, ac y distryOassant y gaer aoed ygkylch 
y castell ar dref drOy arbet y heneideu yr castellwyr, 
o acliaOs dydyeu y diodeucint aoedynt yn agos. Ar 
dyd liOnnO y goresgynnaOd Rys ab MaelgOn gantrcf 
Penwedic, a Gruffud ab Maredud gymOt Meuenyd. 



Benedicamus Domino. Deo gratia. 



ft' 3 Sanffraid 



1 Pennardd alavo, 77. 2 Dogomercs, /'. 



CHRONICLE OF THE PBINCES, 373 

That year died Philip the lied, the thirteenth abbot 

of Strata Florida ; and after liiin Einon the Saxon 
became abbot, and in Ilia lifetime the monastery was 
burned After that, on the eve of the feast of 
» Candlemas, the bishop of Menevia sang mass in 
Strata Florida; and that was the first mass that he 
sang in the diocese; and on the feast of St. David 
ensuing he sat in the chair in the church of Menevia. 

1281. The ensuing year, David, son of Qruffudd, 
reduced the castle of ' Penharddlech, on the feast of 
St. Benet the abbot, and slew the whole of the garri- 
son, except Roger Clifford, the lord of the castle, and 
Pain Gamagc ; those he took and imprisoned. 

1282. The ensuing year, the feast of St. Mary of 
the equinox, Grufrudd, son of Maredudd, 8 son of 
Owain, son of Gruffudcl, son of the lord Rhys/ and 
Rhys, son of Maelgwn 3 the Little, son of Maelgwn, 
son of the lord Rhys/ possessed themselves of the 
town and. castle of Aberystwyth ; and they burned the 
town and the castle, and destroyed the rampart that 
was round the castle and the town ; sparing the lives 
of the garrison, because the days of the passion were 
near. And on that day, Rhys, son of Maelgwn, con- 
quered the cantrev of Penwedig, and Gruffudd, son of 
Maredudd, the comot of Movenydd. 

Benedieamus Domino. Deo gratia. 



» 3 St. Bridget, 



X. 



GLO JSS AR Y. 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE. 



Tjiis Glossary may be useful to such as arc desirous 
of satisfying themselves as to the correctness of the 
translation. Tlic leading words arc written in the 
orthographical style of the present day, followed, how- 
ever, where any difference exists, by that form which 
they in general respectively assumed during the middle 
ages. This form, together with the etymological ana- 
lysis of the particular word explained, is enclosed within 
brackets. In old Welsh documents it is not generally 
an easy task to discover the iadical form of words, not 
only because of the mutation to which initial conso- 
nants, under certain circumstances, are subject, as well 
as of the changes of cases and tenses, but more espe- 
cially because of the way in which prepositions and 
other particles are prefixed to them. This last mode 
is peculiar to old writings, and it would require no 
inconsiderable time and practice to get familiar there- 
with, so as to be able to distinguish and separate the 
words. The rule for the formation of numbers and 
tenses was formerly much more capricious than that 
which prevails in our own times. On this point the 
Editor begs to refer the reader to Dosparth Edcyrn 
Davod Auv, or the Ancient Grammar of Wales, which 
was recently published under the auspices of the 



378 



INTRODUCTORY NOTE. 



b MBS. Society. As to mutable consonants, the 
subjoined table will show their modifications at one 
view. 



1st Class •{ P 



Radical. Soft. Nasal. Aspirate, 

T'ar G&x Nghar Char. 

Pen Ben Mhen l'hen. 

IT Tad Dftd Nfa&d Tlia.l. 



2nd Class -J D 

Lg 

ffj 

3rd Class < M 
llUi 



Brawd Frawd Mrawl. 

Dant Ddant Nant. 

Gwr Wr Ngwr. 

Llaw Law. 

Mam Fam. 

Rhaw Raw. 



Though this table is strictly applicable only to the 

present style of writing, nevertheless, as far as the 

orthographical capabilities of the ancients went, the 

tendency of their mutations was invariably in the 
same direction. 



GLOSSARY. 



A. 

A. And ; with ; who ; which. 

An (ap). A son. 

Ai'.ad (abat). An abbot 

Aber (ab-cr). A confluence of 
wuicr; a junction of rivers ; the 
fall of a Lesser river into a greater, 
or into the sea. 

Ai'.rr ( L. habitus). Habit ; dress. 

Absen (ab-sen). Absent. 

Ac = a (the former 1 icing used be- 
fore a vowel, the latter before a 
consonant). And. 

A( liAws (a-caws). Cause ; because. 

A< in ib (a-eub ; L. occupo). To 
save ; to defend ; to seize upon ; 
to intercept. 

Aciiwys (a-caws). A cause, or 
reason. 

Adkilaw (adeiliaO : nd-ail). To 
wattle ; io build. 

Aden (ad-en). A wing. 

Adfebu (atueru ; admcr). To re- 
store. 

Adgas (atcas ; ad-cas). Odious ; 
hateful ; unlucky. 

Adgyweiriaw (atgyOeirad ; ad- 
eywair). To repair. 

AjXLOSGEDIG (atloscedic ; adlosg). 
re-scorched ; burning again. 

Adnabod (adnabot ; ad-nabot). To 
know ; to recognize. 



Adnabodeotg (atnabodedie ; tvdna- 
bod). Known ; recognized. 

Adnewyddd (atneOydu; adne- 
wydd). To renew. 

Adjtewtddus (ataeuydusfl : adne- 
wydd). Ib newed. 

AdoreSGYN (aloreseyn, atoreskyu ; 

ad-goresgyn). To reconquer ; to 
repossess. 
Adimk (at-tref). Homewards ; 
home ; back again. 

Audas (adas ; a-das). Meel ; suit- 
able 

Addaw (adaO ; a-daw). To pro- 
mise ; to engage. 

Addef (adef ; a-def). To acknow- 
ledge ; to confess. 

Ajddewtd (ede&id ; addaw). A pro- 
mise. 

Addfed (aeduet ; add-med). Ripe; 
mature. 

Addfwyn (aduOyn ; ndd-mwyn). 
Meek : genii'' ; courteous. 

Ai)1)fwvni)i:k (aduOynder ; add- 
fwyn). Meekness ; courtesy. 

Addurn (adurn ; add-gurn). Or- 
nament. 

ADDunNAW (adurnaO ; adurn ; L. 
adorno). To adorn ; f<> orna- 
ment. 

ADDWTNDEi (ad6yndra; addfwyn). 
Meekness ; courtesy. 



380 



GLOSSARY. 



Ai'Kwvnwaitii (adoynueith ; add- 
wyn-gwaith). Elegant work- 
manship. 

An.. A brow ; a .skirt, or border. 

Aelawd (aelot; ael-awd); a 
limb. 

Ai:i:i a (aerua ; aer). A slaughter ; 
place of slaughter. 

Aflawen f an-llawen). Not merry; 
exceedingly. 

Afi.'.imdix; (aflonydu; aflonydd). 
To disquiet ; to disturb. 

Afon (auon ; aw-on). A river. 

Afreol (an-rheol). Irregularity ; 
ili order ; misrule. 

Agatfydd (agatuyd ; ag-at-bydd). 
Peradventure. 

AGAWB (egor ; Og). To open ; to 
expand ; to unfold. 

Aaos (a-caws). Near. 

Angen (aghen; an-geni). Neces- 
sity ; extreme unction. 

Angenbhaid (aghenreit ; angen= 
rliaid). Necessity. 

Angeu (agheu; ageu; ang). Libe- 
ration ; death. 

Anghlod (aglot ; an-clod). Dis- 
praise ; dishonour. 

Anghrynedig (angrynedic, agk- 
rynedic ; aughryn). Intrepid. 

Anghbynodeb (agkrynodeb ; angh- 
ryno). Incompactness ; diifu.se- 
ness. 

Anghyfiaith (agkyfyeith ; an-cyf- 
iaitli.) Of different speech. 

Anqhyfeaith (agkyfreith : an-cyf- 
raith.) Lawlessness : lawless. 

Axiiiiv TTiMir.i; (agkyttundeh; an = 
cy 1 1 undeb). Disagreement. 

Axgityweitiias (agkyGeithas ; an- 
cywaith.) Untoward ; uncivil. 



Anghywir (agkyOir; an-cywir). 

Incorrect ; unjust. 
Anghywirdeb (agkyOirdeb; nn- 

eywirdeb). Incorrectness j 

honesty. 
An. (eil). Second ; like. 
Albrysiwr (arlblastdr ; albrys- 

gwr). A cross-bow-man. 
Allan (all). Out ; without. 

ALLAWB (a-llawr). An altar. 

Alltddaw (alltud). To banish j 
to alienate, or reduce to the Btatc 
of a stranger. 

ALLWEDD (allOed ; all-gwedd). A 

key. 
Am. Round ; for. 
AMDDIFFYN (amdiffyn ; am-dilfyi,). 

1 >efcnee ; protection. 

Am ddi i-fyxu (amdiffynu ; amddiff- 
yn). To defend ; to protect. 

Amdmfi-ynwk (amdifiynOr ; am- 
ddiffyn-gwr). A defender ; a pro- 
tector. 

AltfBDlEIEDUS (amdircdus ; ani- 
ddiried). Confiding ; trusting. 

Amckx (can). Otherwise; on the 
contrary; different; also; but. 

AMGYLCH (am-cylcb). Around ; 
about. 

AmheRAWDE (amheraOdyr ; L. wi- 
perator). Emperor. 

Amiiehodraetii. Empire. 

Amhkuopkes (amherotres). Em- 
press. 

Ami.dkr (amylder ; ami). Fre- 
quency ; multitude. 

Ammiiaucii (amarch; an-parch). 
Disrespect ; disgrace ; reproach. 

Amminiawg (amhinaOg ; anunin). 
Abutting upon ; conjoining ; bor- 
dering. 



cjlossaux, 



381 



AaoiOD (amol ; am-bod). A cove- 
nant, or contract. 
Ammhih (ammod). To covenant. 
Amrafael (atnrauaol ; ymrauael ; 

amry-mal). Several. 

Amkvk.vl (amryuacl ; amryw-mal). 
Divers ; sundry. 

Amuvson (am-rhy-son). Conten- 
tion ; to contend. 

Amser (am-scr). A revolution of 
the stars ; time ; season. 

Amws (am-ws). A stallion ; a 
steed. 

Anai liwvui) (anafroyd ; anaf 
rli \vy il<l). Indecency. 

Anafds (annafus : annul"). Maim- 
ed ; mangled ; hurt. 

ANAMLDER (anamylder ; anaml). 
Paucity ; fewness. 

AsEIRlP (aneirvT; anneuryf; an-= 
eiriJ"). Innumerable; numberless. 

Anf.smwytii.uv (anesmwyth). To 
become uneasy ; to disturb. 

Am kii>i: awl (anueidraol ; an - 
meidrawl). Immense ; infinite. 

AjJFODD (auuod; an-bodd). Against 

Ollr's Will. 

Ammi.iaxxits (anuolyanus ; anfoli- 
:iut). Void of praise ; ignomi- 
nious. 

Axfox (imiion ; an-mon). To send. 

Ani-'ONEDIG (amumhedic). Sent. 

Ani'Y.v (anuhyn ; an-myn.) With- 
out gentleness ; morose. 

AxiiAwnn (anaOd ; an-hu\vdd). 
Not easy ; difficult. 

Axiikii.wxg (anhcilug; an-teihvug). 
Unworthy. 

Axhwvi. (an-hwyl). Out of order. 

Amu, (ynnyal ; an-ial). Wild ; 

uncultivated ; a desert. 



AxiAl.wen (ynvaUi di ; nnial). 

Wilderness. 

Axi.\x (any an ; an). Nature : na- 
tural instinct. 

Axii ah. (anifcil ; aniueil : L. ani- 
mal). Animal. 

Annhebygedig (anhybygedic ; an 
hehyg). Unlike; dissimilar. 

AxxmacAKAwii (anrugarauc; nn = 
trugarawg). Unmerciful. 

Annioddefedig (anniodefedic ; an- 
niodeuedic ; annioddef). Insuf- 
ferable. 

Axvct; (aiuioc; an-dog; t Jr.. dvuyu). 

To incite; to provoke; to exliort. 

Annogedigaeth (annogedig). lu- 
citemenl ; exhortation. 

Axxdsi'Aiiiiirs (annosparth). Un- 
ruly; void of system. 

Axxwvd (aiindyl ; an-nwyd). A 
cold ; a (dullness. 

Axxvi.i.his (anuyled). Undue. 

Annvxawi. (andynol ; an-dynawl). 

Inhuman; unmanly. 
Axoukitiiiaw (anobeithaOj anob- 

aith). To despair. 

Anorciifygedig (annorchfygedic ; 
an-gorchfygedig). Unconquered; 
invincible. 

Axorkoitkiui; (anoruodedic ■ an - 
gorf'odedig). I "nconquered ; in- 
vincible. 

Axuiiaitii (anreith ; an-rhaith). 
Spoil; pillage; illegal property. 

Anrheithiaw (aureithaO ; an- 
rhaith). To spoil; to plunder; to 
acl illegally. 

Axi;iivi)r.i)l)(enryd(.'d; an-rhydedd). 

Honour. 
Anriiydeddus (enrydedus; anrhyd- 
edd). Honourable. 



382 



GLOSSARY. 



Aitohtfedd (enryfed; an-rhyfedd). 

Withoui wonder; wonderful. 
A\s.vwi>t> (ansaOd ; an-sawdd). 

State; quality; condition. 
Ansoddi (ansodi ; ansawdd). To 

place; to establish. 
AvsvswrnAwr. = Ansvnwvim-.s 

(ansynwyr). Indiscreet ; unrea- 
sonable. 
Ani.ndku (annundeb; an-undeb). 

Disunion; disagreement. 
Awvii:i:i'i) (enOired; an-gwiredd). 

Falsehood; iniquity. 
Anwvi, (an-gwyl). Dear. 
Apostol (eboatol; L. apostolus). 

An apostle. 
Atostolawl (ebostolaul ; apostol). 

Apostolic. 
A ii. On; upon. 
A'u (ar; a yr). And the; with 

the. 

A 1; \i (a-rhaf ). Slow; soft; still. 

Arafhatj (araf-hau). To make 

slow; io assuage. 
Auai.i. (ar-all). Another; other; 

n,ii the same; different. 
Araws (aros; ar-aws). To stay; 

Io wail. 

Arbed (ar-ped). To spare; tosare. 

Arbenig (arbennic : arben). Prin- 
eipa) : special. 

Am hihaimn (archdiagon ; nrch = 
diacon). Archdeacon. 

Aitcn Kst ;<>u (arclu-scobj archescop; 
arch-esgob). Archbishop ; pri- 
mate. 

Akciiksgouawd (archeseobaOt ; 
arch-eseobawd). Archbishopric. 

Archoffetriad (arch-offeiriad). 
High priest. 



ArddeRCHA'WG (arderchaOc ; ar- 

dderch). Excellent ; exalted ; 

illustrious. 
Ardymher (ardymer ; ar-tymber). 

Temperature. 
Ai:i (aryf). A weapon; a tool. 
Arfaeth (aruaeth; ar-maeth). A 

lb- [gn; a purpose. 
Arfaethtj (aruaethu; arfaeth). To 

design, or purpi 
ArfaWG (arfauc, aruaGc ; arf). 

Armed. 
Arfeiddiaw (arueidau ; arfaidd). 

To adventure; to dare. 

Arfer (aruer ; ar-mer). Use ; 

torn. 
Akkkukdig (arueredic; arfer). Ac- 

customed; usual. 
ArfeRTJ (arueru; arfer). To use; 

to habituate. 
Arfolx (aruoll; ar-moll). Enter- 
tainment; a reception; aweleome; 

a contract. 
Arfolli (aruolli ; arfoll). To en- 

tertain hospitably; to weld. me; 

t«> make a contract. 
Ai:h>i,i,wk (aruollOrj arfoll-gwr). 

A confederate, or one who m 

himself to another. 

ARFORDIR faruordir ; arfor-(ir). 

Maril ime land. 
Arffed (ar-ffed). The lap. 
Arglwtdd (arglOyd ; ar-elwyd). 

Lord, governor; master. 
Arglwtddes (argluydcs ; ar- 

glwydd). Lady. 
Argi-wyddiaktii (argluydyaeth ; 

arglwydd). Lordship, dominion. 
Argyweddtj (argyOedu; argy- 

wedd). To oppress; to hurt. 
Arianx (aryant). Silver. 



GLOSSARY. 



888 



AbNADUNT (ar-nadunl). On, or 
upon then. 

Aknaf. Akno, Aknvnt (urn). 
Upon me. liim. them. 

Arutiideb (aruthr). Amazement; 
terror. 

Aruthr (aruthur; ar-uthr). Mar- 
vellous; prodigious; dire. 

Arwain (ar&ein; ar-gwain). To 

lead; to conduct ; to bear. 

Akwkmt (ardedu; arwedd). To 

: to lead. 
Arwest (ar-gwest). Music 
Aiavvi>i> (aiY,)'d; ar-gwydd). Sign; 

ensign. 
Arwyeiant (arOylant j arwyl). 

Funeral solemnities; a funeral. 

Astttorwydd (astudrGyd; asturl 
rhwydd). Studiousness ; dili- 
gence. 

At. To, 

Attathnt (at-at-nwynt). To thorn. 

ATTAL (ad-dal). To slop; lo re- 

strainj to retain. 

Attaw (at-o) To him. 

Attkb (at-ebu). To answer. 

Attin r (al-h\vyiif), To tliein. 

Atiikaw (athroj ad-traw). Teach- 
er; master. 

Arnr (aih). To go. 

Aiu (ear). Gold. 

Awm iti>A\\'i> (audurdaOt ; awdur; 
L. auctoritas). Authority. 

Awr.r. (aw-el). A gale; a current 
of air. 

A\vu. An hour. 

Awst (L. Augustas). August. 

Awvii (aw-yr ; Gr. aty, L. aer). 
Air; sky. 



r, 



Baedd (baod : oedcl ). A boar, 

Baeli. Bailiff. 

I', u ' ii ( bal). Prominent ; superb ; 

proud. 
BaLCIIDER ( lialch). Pride ; pomp. 

I>ai:di) (bard ; bar). A bard. 

Barn (bar). Judgment : sentence. 

Haunt (barn). To judge ; to ad- 
judicate. 

r.AuwvKi \r.Tir (barnOiyaeth ; bar- 
nwr). Judgment. 

Baron (bar6n ; bar). A baron. 

Bastardd (bastard j bas-tardd). A 
bastard. 

Hi.iu) (bed ; edd). A grave, or 

sepulchre. 

BeiDDIAW (beidad ; baidd). To 
dare ; to advent ure. 

Beil] (baeli j bal; L. hallivmi). 
An outlet ; a mound ; a bailey. 

Bendioatd (L. benedictus). Bles- 
sed. 

BlCRA (bickrc ; lucre). To skir- 

inisli ; to bicker. 

lii i.i.i n i.i.i (bilain-llu). A villain 
host. 

Blaen (bal). A i>oint ; the extre- 
mity ; the top ; the foremoi I 
pari ; priority. 

Blip (bal-if). A warlike engine to 

throw stones, or other things • a 

catapulta. 
Hi. in dial). Troublesome ; weary, 

tired. 
Blinaw (blin). To trouble ; to 

weary ; to become fatigued. 
Blodau (blodeu ; blawd). Flow- 

era ; blossoms. 



381 



GLOSSARY 



Br.wxo filler; bal-wng). A 
frown ; frowning ; angry; obdu- 
rate. 

Bi.wvi.dvn (blGydyn : blwydd). A 
year. 

Bi.vm'.imi (blyned ; Uynedd).— 
Blwyddyn. 

BocsAcnu (bocsach). To puff out 
the cheeks ; to boast ; to envy. 

Bod (bot). Existence ; residence : 
to be ; to exist. 

Boddi (bodi ; bawdd). To drown ; 
to immer 

Boxedd (boned; bon). Stock; 
pedigree ; nobleness of birth. 

Boxeddig (bonedic ; bonedd). 
Having a stem, or origin ; gen- 
teel ; noble. 

Brad (brat ; bar). Treachery ; 
perfidy ; treason. 

Bkadychu (bradweh). To betray ; 
to deceive. 

Bratcii (breicb; bar; L. brachium), 
An arm. 

BraIDD (breid ; bar). Near ; 

scarcely. 

Braixt (breint ; brai). Privilege; 
prerogative, [n the "Welsh Laws 
it is i lie rank, or condition of an 
individual ; so peers were deno- 
minated unfraint, of one dignity. 

Bras (bar). Fat; thick; large. 

Bkatii (bar-ath). A bite ; a stab. 

Brathedtg (brathedic ; brath). 
Bitten ; stung ; stabbed. 

Brathu (brath). To bite; to sting; 
to stab. 

BRAWD (brant ; rhawd). A bro- 
ther ; a friar. 

Brenhin (braint). A king. 



Brexhixawx (brenhin). Royal ; 

kingly. 

BrexiiixES (lii-enliiii). A queen. 

Brexhixiaeth (brenhinyaeth ; 
brenhin). A kingdom. 

Briwaw (briw). To bruise ; to 
hurt. 

Brox (bar). Abreast. Ger Iron, 
rhag bron ; in presence. 

I » i : i i > ( brul ; bar), A chronicle : 
also a prophecy. TJie word may 
have a reference to Prydain, 
Brut, or Brutus, from whose era 
the Britons formerly computed 
dates. "A hynny a elwir Am- 
ser Brut;" that is called the 
chronology of Brut. MS. 

Brwydyr (brwyd), A battle, 

Bry (bar). High ; above. 

Brycii (brwch). Brindled ; freck- 
led. 

Bkvd (brytj rhyd). Mind; thought; 
purpose ; resolution. 

Bryx (rhyn). A hill. 

Buys (rhys). Haste ; quick, hasty. 

BbYSIAW (brys). To make haste .- 
to hasten ; to shoot with a cross- 
how. 

Bkvt.wawl (Prydain). British. 

Br. A being ; a cow. 

BuciIKDl) (huched ; buch). Life; 
manner of living ; condition of 
life. 

BPCHEDDOCAu(buchedockaujbuch" 
edd). To lead a life. 

BCDDUGAWL (hudugaOl ; buddug). 
Victorious. 

Budduoot.iaeth (budugolyacth ; 
buddugawl). Victory. 

Bcgail (hugeil ; bu-cail). Aherds- 
man : n shepherd. 



QLOSSARY. 



]5\va (bw). A bow : an 
Bwovnrn (begGth ; bw-gwth), A 
threat : t<> threaten. 

A breach : a gap : 

a defile : » noteh. 

Bwm>Aza (bfirdeis ; bwr-tais). A 
man ; a citizen. 

BwRGAia (bGrgeis ; bwr-eai9)= 
Bwrdais. 

Bwbw i bwr i. To casl : to thrust : 
to sap] 

Bwtd : food. 

Bwi i '■. i b arj 1). To - i 

JJ vcn an (bach). Little, small. 

1 5 v 1 » i.liyt : bod). A world. 

BydAWX i. byd). Worldly; secular. 

Bvi'Kix (bydin : bydd). A snare; 
a party tor au ambuscade, or se« 
cret euterprize ; now a band, or 
troop, drawn up in array; an army. 

Bra (ys). A finger. 

Bvw (ytv). To live; alive. 
Uvwvi) (bydyt ; byw). Life, ex- 
i ■ : animation. 

G 

Cauiuvi.iiy (kabidyldy ; L. capi- 

tultim). A chapter-house. 
Cad (cat). A battle. 
C'adaiu (kadair : cad-goir). A 

chair ; a seal of authority. 
Cadabn (kadarn; ead-arnj. Strong; 

compact. 
Cadahnhau {kadarnhau ; cadarn). 

To Btrengtlien ; to fortify, toc< - 

firm. 
Caderxtd f'kedernyt ; eadara). 

Strength. 
Cadw (kadO; cad). To keep i lo 

guard. 



; c.i.lw I. 
lia\ : U) 
A wall OT 

a fortress : 
Bondman : 



Cadwji \i i .: (kadOryaeth 

Keepiug; guardianship. 
(' mm. (kael : cae). To 

obtain ; t<> find. 
(.' \i'i; (kaer j cae). 

mound for defence 

a city, 

i il (kaetll ; can. 

a captive ; bound, capth <•. 
C IlK iiiiwaw- (keitkiOaGj caeth). To 

>'n>la\ e : («• lead into captn ity. 
Caethiwed (keitbiOel ; caethiw). 

Bondage ; captivity. 
. i i. (kaffel)=Ca ■!. 
Caii.i. (keill ; eai). A testicle. 
Caixo (keig ; cang). A branch. 

CaLAN (kalan ; L. rti/c/u/ic). Ca- 
lends : the first of each month. 

Galon (kaloh j cal). The hearts 
the middle ; the womb. 

Oalldek (kallter ; call). Pru- 
dence ; circumspection. 

Cam (kam). Crooked ; wrong ; 
injury. 

Camltjitcs (kamlyryusj eamlwrw). 
Incurring a penalty. 

Campus (kampua : camp). Excel- 
lent. 

Camweddawg (kamOedaOc ; cam- 
wedd). Iniquitous. 

Can" (kan ). For ; funce. 

Caniattau (kanatau ; eaniad). To 
permit ; to consent : i<> concede. 

Canmawl (kanmaOl ; can-mawl). 
nendation; recommendation ; 
to commend ; to praise. 

Canwoledjg (kaumoledic : can- 
mawl). Commended j praised ; 
•worthy • 
Canmwvaf (kaumCynf; can 
inwyaf ). For the most purl. 
It It 



3SG 



GLOSSARY. 



Cawol (kanadl : cant-ol). Middle. 
Canonwr (kanhonOrj canon-gwr). 

A canon. 

A circle ; a hundred. 
Camtrbf (kautref; cant-tref), A 

canton, or hundred. "The num- 

'• 1 ><_- 1 - ni' acres in ii cantrev ia 
nty-fivc thousand six Iiun- 

■■ dred, not more, not less." — 

Welsh Laws. 
Caxtwk (kantor ; can-gwr). A 

er. 
Caxwvi.i. (kanhuyll; can-gwyll). A 

candle. Gtoyl Fairy Cankwyll- 

an : the Feasl of St. .Man of the 

Candles, Candlemas, Feb. 2. 
Caws (kanys ; can-ys). For, 

because ; since. 
Cai'an (kappan ; cap). A cap. 

i ''a pn a. cor; a canonical cap. 

CaRCHAR (kaichar ; curcli ; L. car- 

A prison. 
Carcharti (karcharu ; carehar). 
To Imprison. 

CarCHARWR ( karcliarOr ; carchar= 

gwr). A prisoner, 
Cardawd (kardaut ; car-dawd). 

Charity; alms. 
Cardinal (kardinal; L. cardinalis). 

A cardinal ; an ecclesiastical 

prince in the Romish church. 
Caredig (karedic ; car). Beloved ; 

kind. 

Caredigrwydd (karedicrOyd j car- 

. ) Kindness. 
CaregL (kurccyl ; car). A sacred 

\ essel. 
Carennydd (kerennyd 5 carant). 

Friendship : alliance of kindred. 
Cares (karcs ; car). Kinswoman. 



Cariad (karvut; car). Attachment; 

love ; charity. 
Cariadwraig (karatOreiej cariad= 

gwraig). A love- wife ; a concu- 

bine. 
CaRREG (karrcc ; car). A si 
Card (karu; car). To love. 
( ai;\\- (kar6 ; car). A stag. 
( IAS (kas). Hatred ; hateful. 
CASAWL (kassaOl; cas). Hateful. 
Castell (kastell; cae-asdell; L. 

castellu/n). A castle. 
C \>TKi.i.\vi: I kastellOr; castell-gwr), 

A castellan. 
C vii i k (katlivl; ca-tyl). A 

hymn ; melody. 
Cawawd (ka&adj caw). A shower. 
Ci.fx (kel'yn; caf). The hack ; a 

ridge ; the upper side. 
Cepnderw (kelynderO; cefn-derw). 

A cousin. 
CsmwAD (keitOat; cadw). Keep- 
er; guardian. 
Ceidwadaeth fkeitOataeth ; ceid- 

wad). Keeping ; guardianship. 
Ceinxawg (keinaOg ; cant). A 

penny ; ring money. 
Ceisiaw (keissaO ; cais), To seek. 
CELANEDD (kelaned ; celan). A 

heap of dead carcases; a carnage 
C'i.j.i'yddyd (keluydyt ; celfydd). 

Art. 
Celwtdd (kelOyd ; cel-gwydd). 

Falsehood. 

Cf.xad (kenad ; kennat ; can). A 
mission ; a messenger ; an ani- 
1 ia. -sudor. 

CeNADXJ (kanhadu ; ccnad). To 
permit ; to hear tidings. 

(..' r.\.\i>wi; i (kenadOri ; ccnad). Em- 
bassy ; mission. 



GLOSSARY. 



187 



(kenauj can). A cub or whelp. 

CeneDL fkenedyl ; can). A kin- 
dred ; clan or tribe- ; a nation. 

Cenhedlaeth (kenedlaeth j cen- 
odl). Race j generation. 

Cekixusg (kenllysc ; can-llusg). 
Hail. 

Ceeaint (kereint j car). Kindred; 
relatives. 

Cekdd (kerd ; cer). A song, 

\\v\i (kerdor ; eerdd). A 
songBter ; a minstrel. 

Cerdded (kerdet ; cerdd). To 

\v;ilk ; tO go. 

(ii g-ant (keugant ; can-cant). An 
enclosing circle ; vacuity ; in- 
finity ; a term used by the Bards 
to denote the vast expanse where 

Cud alone exists; certain. 
C.(ki). A dog. 

I [Q M.iri. Flesh. 

Cii.uw (kilv.-O : oil). To retreai ; 

retire ; to withdraw ; to go aw a\ . 
Ciniaw (kinyaO: cin). A meal; 

a dinner. 
CnnAWA (kinyaOa ; ciniaw). To 

dine. 
Ciwdodtor (kiGtadtOr ; ciwdawo' 

gwr). A citizen ; a member of 

society. 
CrwBD (ki6afit j eiw). A multitude, 

or rabble. 
Claddd (kladu j cladd). To bury. 
Clatjar (klaear ; clan). Lnke- 

wann j temperate; gentle j mild. 
Clawdd (claOd : cy-llawdd). A 

dyke ; an embankment. 
Cleddye (kledyf ; cledd). A 

Bword. 

OlefY< hi (kieuyclui ; clafwch). 
To faU ,->ick. 



Cj epi i> (klefyl : daf). Bicki 
disease. 

Clo (klo). A lock. 

Clod (klot). Praise ; commenda- 
tion. 

Clodforus (klotuoru : clodfawr). 
Commendable ; praiseworthy. 

Cli bod (klybol : cly-bod). To 

hear. 

Qlywed (klyOet ; clyw). To hear. 

Cnotau (knoiau j cnawd). To be 
accustomed, or used. 

Coddi (kodi ; cawild). To straiten; 
to vex. 

Coddiani (kodyanl ; cawdd). 
Straitness ; vexation. 

Coed (coet). Wood. 

Coeg (coec; co-ocg). Empty; vain ; 
saucy. 

Coelbben (koelbren ; coel-pren). 
A piece of wood used in ballot- 
ing, on w hicli w.i - cm the name 
of die candidate ; a lot. 

( Ioettib ( koetirj coed-tir). Wood- 
Land. 

CoPADWi (c.)uadOy ; cof). Memo- 
rable. 

Cofeint (koueint ; L. conventus). 
A convent ; a religions assembly, 

Coffhau (koffhau ; cof). To re- 
mind ; i" remembi 

Coxofn (kolouyn ; colof; L. co- 
lumna). A column, or pillar. 

Colb (kols ; L. decollated). A be- 
heading. Gwj/l Liiiiii 1/ ('oh; 

the Peasl of the beheading of 

St. John, August 2U. 
( ' . > 1 . 1 . r. 1 > (kollel : koll ). A 
Com. 1 (koll). To I 
( !i m ( kor). A choir. 
Cokit (korff; L. corpus). A body. 
B I'. 2 



388 



GLOSSARY. 



. A crown. 
Corohi (koroni ; coroii). To 

clown. 

Cobwtnt (kor&ynt ; cor-gwynt). 

A whirlwind. 
( !r m i ikrafl'; craf). Fas1 ; keen. 
Cb ug ( kreic ; erai ). A rock. 
Chair (kreir ; era ). A relic 
Ceeawdwb (kreaGdyr ; creawd 

gwr). Creator. 
Ched (kretj ere). Belief j credence. 
Credc (kredn ; cred). To believe; 

In I rust. 

Creftdd (kreuyd ; cref). Reli- 
gion. 

Crefxddus (kreaydiis j erefydd). 
Religious. 

( i:i.i \ DDWR ( krel'ydor ; erefydd 
gwr). A religions man; a devotee. 

'Li [GiAWtOcreigadijeraig). Rocky. 

Creu ( kreu : ere). To create ; i<> 
make. 

Crei i. awn (kreulaOn ; cran-Ilawn). 

Cruel. 

Creuloxder (kreulonder -. r-reu- 

Ijwii). Cruelly. 
Ci:ii;i>i>i.ii.iAw (eribdeilaO ; erib- 

ddail). To extort. 
Crist (Gr. XPI2T02). Christ. 
Cristionogaeth (kristonogaeth ; 

cristion). Christianity. 

OBOES (krees ; CTO). A cross ; 

adversity ; contrary. 
Croesawg (kroessaOc .- crocs). 

Crusader. 
Crogi (krogi j ci'og). To hang. 
Crogmth (kroglith ; crog-llith). 

The Bervice of the cross. 
Crogwydd (krocGyd; crog-gwydd). 

Gallows. 
C'kwn (krGn). Round, circular. 



I (kryno ; crwn). Compacl j 
compendious ; neat ; Well--, i. 
CrTNU (ki-yii). To quake : to 
(rem hie. 

Crtthwb (krythorj erwth-gwr). 

( >ne who ]ilays on a crwih : ;i 
crowder : a violinist. 

CnDDIAW (kudyaf) ; Cudd). To 

hide or conceal. 
{'( UUllJUr. (kudyedic ; Cudd). 
Hidden, concealed : secret. 

('win. (kObyl ; cwb). A whole; 

entire, all. 

Cwblhau (kuplao ; cwbl). 'J"«. 

fulfil ; to finish. 

Cwmwd (kyinf't .- cwm). A sub- 
division of a eanirev 01' hundred : 
a coniot ; a wapentake. "Twelve 

" manors and two hamlets there 

•• are in a coniot." — Welsh Linn. 
C'WNDIT (kOndit ; cwn ; L. cn/idi'i- 

t//s). Conduct. 
Cwns.u (kGnsli : L. consilium), 

Council. 
CwNSTAr.r. (kunstabyl ; L. cottsta* 

bularius). A constable. 
( Iwsg (k6sc). Sleep. 

CWTMT (kO\ nip ; c\'-gwy nip). A 

tall. 

Cwtmpwr (kOymp&r ; cwymp-gwr). 

Feller ; overthrower, 
Cwvxaw (kOynaw ; cwyn). To 

complain. 

CWTOfFAN (kuymnm ; cwyn-ba»\ 
A lamentation. 

Cwyxkaxis (kOynuanusj cwynfan). 
Complaining ; wailing. 

Cychyvyx (kyehnyn; cy-ewyn). To 
start ; to commence a journey. 

CTd (kyt). .Joint ; while ; foras- 
much. 



GLOSSARY, 



389 



i i dajifollj (kytaruoUij cyd-arfoll). 

To confederate. 
Cvi>ai:k('|.l\vi; (kytaruollOr ; ej d 

arfollwr). A confederate. 
Cydiaw (kytyaw ; cyd). To join ; 

to copulate. 

C'vdsvniaw (kvlsvuvM'.'p : cyd-syn- 

y.iw •'). To consent. 
Cydsynietogaeth (kytsynnedig- 

aeth ; cydsynied). Concurrence, 

or mutual accordance. 
Ch di Mi'Airii ( kedymdeith : cyd 

ymdaith). A companion, or fellow 

1 1 ;i \ filer. 
Cyfadkab (kyfadnab; cyd-aduob). 

Acquaintance. 
Cyfagos (eyuagoa s cyd-agos). 

Near ; adjoining. 
Cvkaill, CviAii.i.r (kyueill ; kyu- 

cillt ; cvil-nill, iiillt). A friend. 

Cyfam (kyuan ; cyfa). Whole, 

entire, complete. 
C'vrANNKDi) (kyuanned ; cyd-an- 

ncdd). Habitation, abode. 
Cviannkddi; (kyuanedu : cyfun- 

aedd). To inhabit. 
Ch-'aki -ii) (kyuaruot ; cyd-nrf). 

To meet. 
Ch fahsangedig (kyuarsagedic ; 

Cyfarsang). Mutually trodden, 

oppressed. 
Cyfarsangedigaeth (kyuarsaged- 
igaeth ; cyd-arsang), A mutu- 
ally treading ; a being oppressed 

or .-uhihu'il. 

C'viaksangu (kyuarsagu ; eyd 
arsaug). To mutually trend; to 
oppre is. 

CiFABWxa (kyuarOys ; cywar 
gwys). A gift, grant, or favour, 



conferred on a public occasion ; 
honorary reward ; a preseut. 

Cyfeillach (kyueillacli : cyfaill). 
Friendship : fellowship. 

Cypeilles (kyueillea ; cyfaill). A 
female friend. 

* 'j i SB ( k\ uer : cyd-ar). An op- 
posite siliialioii. 

Cyferbys (kyuerbyuj cyd-erbyn). 

Opposite. 
Cyferbynu (kyuerbynu ; cyd 

erbyn). To oppo 
Cviiawx (kyfyaun ; eyd-iawu ). 

Just. 
Cyfiawndeb (kyfiuOnder ; cyf- 

iawn). Justice; equity. 
C'vn.AKAN (kyflauan \ cyd-lkfau), 

A heinous drvd ; felony : also, 
massacre or slaughter. 

Cyflawn (kyuiaOu : cyd-llawu). 
Pull, complete. 

Cyflawni (kyfleOni ; cyflawn ; 
cyd-llawn). To fulfil. 

Cl*FLE (kvflc ; eyd-lle). Place ; 

convenience ; opportunity. 
C'vi'i. i:\wi (kyflenOi ; cyd-llenwi). 

To fulfil. 
Cyfnesafiad (kyfnessaiiad ; cyf- 

uesaf). The next of kin ; a 

near relation. 
Cvfnksai Kwvi'i' (kyfnessafrfiyd ; 

cyfnesaf). Nearness. 
Cyfnewtd (kefnedit : cyd-newid). 

To exchange. 

( vi \ri iiriiw (k* In it h« rO ; e\ [' 
niili ; cefn-nith). A female eoui in- 
german. 

Ch nun (kyuodi; cyd-bod). To arise. 

Cyfoeth (kyuocili : cy-moeth). 

Tower ; dominion ; wealth. 



300 



GLOSSARY. 



C'w oki iiAU'fi (kyuoethawc ; cyf- 
01 ill j. Mighty ; rich. 

< lioethogi ; cvloi ili- 

■ i idi ; ii> grow rich. 

C.'vi ■•]: \ii !i ( kyureith ; cyd-rhaith). 

Law. 
(.'vii;\\ (kyiiran j ryd-rluin). A 

portion. 

i '•, i • 1:1,1 iiii.vwi. (kyureithaul j cyf- 

raith). Legitimate. 
Cyfbwng (kyfrOg j cyd-rhwng). 

An interval; between. 

;i\0 ; cyd-rhyw). Si- 
milar ,• sach. 
Cyfucela w ( kyfuchaO 5 eyfuwch). 

To 1 

(kyun ; cyd-un). United, 

accordant. 
1 -, \ v: (kyuuiiitO ; cyfun). To 

unite, in join. 
Cyfundeb (kyundeb; cyd-undeb). 

I 'niiy ; confederacy. 

ro (kyuygj cyfwng). Narrow. 

straight. 
Cyffelyb (kyfferybj cyfal). Like. 

uilar. 
Cyffes (kyffea ; L. confessio). A 

confession. 
Cyffeedih (kyflredin j cyd-rhed). 

CTniversal, common. V ci/Jfred/i/; 

the commonalty. 
CvrrKKiMXA w ( kyfixedinaO ; cyft- 

redin). To make common ; to 

have intercourse. 
OlFFBOEDIG (kyl)'roedic ; cyflro). 

Moved, roused. 

Cyffroi (kyfiroi : cyffraw). To 
agitate, to nunc or stir. 

Ci pfhowb (kyffroGr j cyflro), Agi- 
tator, 



I kiglen ; cy-cly), To fa 
Ctnohor (kyghorj cyd-cor). 1 

1 l. advice. 

iiMiM vnnus (kygoruynnu- : 
eynghorfynt). Malicious : en- 

CynGHOKFXKT (kyglioriivii 

lior-myn). Malice ; envy. 
CvNi.iniiirvM (kyghorvynnu : 
tor-mynu). To bear nn 

in envy, 
Ctnghokwr (kyghorur ; cynghor= 

gwr). Counsellor. 
Cfngraib (kygreir ; cy-crair). A 

covenant or agreement by 1 

a treaty ; a truce ; an alliance. 
Cyhoeddedig (kyhoededic 1 

boedd). Publicj open, 
Cyhoeddi (kyhoedi; cyhoedd), To 

publish; to proclaims 
CYHUDDAW (knlmdaO; cy-kuddj. 

To accuse; to impeach. 
CviifDDWR (kyliudOr ; cyhudd). 

Accuser. 

Cyhwedu (kyliOrd; kehurd : 

liwrdd). To come in contact, to 

meet. 
Cvu n (kylch; eyl). A circle; a 

circuit ; a course or turn ; about; 

concerning. Cylch c/ylch; round 

about. 
Ctlciiynu (kylchynu; cylch). To 

surround. 
Ctlus (kylus ; cwl). Culpable ; 

blameworthy. 

CyiXEIX (kyllcll ; cwll). A knit'-. 
Cvllid (kyllit ; cwll). A coutri- 

bntion of provision; income, rent, 

or tax. 
CtMDEXTHAS (kctyiiideitluis ; ?y<l 

ymdaith). Society. 



GL< •SSABY. 



391 



CvMKnitAwi. (kymliodraOl; cymedr). 

Moderate! 
Otmedeoddwb (kymedrodGr ; cj 

medr-rhodd-gwr). A moderator, 

mi arbitrator. 
Cwiiiki.i. (kymellj cyd-pell). To 

(•iiiiipfl. 
Cthhobthatv (kymhorthaO ; cyin- 

horlh). To support. 
C'y.mhoktiii ah (kymhortliat ; cvd 

porth). A succouring; assist- 
ance : assistant. 

CvMHoirrinvi; (kymhorihOr ; cym- 

horth-gwr). An assistant. 
Cymm.uxt (kymeintj cyd-maint). 

So much ; bo many. 
Cymmkkkdk; (kymeredic ; cym- 

mcr). Accepted. 
CymhERYD (kymeryd ; cyd-mer). 

To take ; to accept. 

>i)i (kymodi ; cymod). To 

reconcile. 
Gymmodroddi (kymodrodi ; cym- 

mod-rhoddi). To reconcile. 
C/YMMODRODDTVR (kymodrodOr ; 

oymmod-rhodd-gwr). A i-econ- 

ciler, or mediator. 

Cymmix (kyniiin ; eyd-un). Com- 
munion. 

("'y.mwy.nasoar (kymuynasgar ; 
cynrwynas-car). Good oaturedj 
courteous. 

CymYHTJ (kymynu ; cymyii). To 

commend ; to bequeath. 
Cy\ (kyn). Before ; as. 
Cynudkyi hiawi. (kedrychaGlj eyn- 

ddrych). Present, face to face. 

Cyxiiai. (kynhal; kynnal ; cyd-dal). 
I'n BUStain ; to support ; to main- 
tain. 

CrxHAXEDiGAETn (knnhaledigaeth ; 



cynhal). Maintenance ; preser- 
vation. 
Cyxiiai af (kynhayafj kynbai 

cyn-gauaf). Autumn; harvest. 
Cynhwki (kynOrOf j kynnOryf ; 

cy-lwrf). Commotion ; tumuli : 

trouble. 
t'vMn i:i &a (kynliyruiis; eynhwrl'). 

I'ro\ ocation : agitated. 
Cynnieeb (keniuer : cyd-nifi i |. I H 

even number ; bo many, or as 

many. 
Cynnil (kynnil ; cyn-dil). Skilful; 
Frugal. 

Cy/NNoKTIIWY (kanlioi-tlidy ; evil- 
nortli). Succour ; help : BUpport. 

Cynnrychiawi (kyndrychaul j cyn- 

rych). Present. 
Cynnryohiolder (kendrycholdei 1 ; 

cynnrycli). Presence. 
( 'ysnti.i. (kynliull ; eyd-dull). To 

collect, to gather. 
CrNNULLElDFA (kynnulleitua ; eyn- 

null). An assembly ; a congre- 

ga1 ton. 
Cynnyc (kynigj cyn-dyg). To 

offer; to tender, propose, or make 

an overture ; to attempt. 
Cyntaf (kyiifaf : kynl). I 
CyRCH (kyrch ; ewr). A centre : 

tendency towards a centre ; an 
inroad or in\ asion ; an on ■ 

Cyrchapael (kyrchauol ; cyrch). 
Ascension, 

('ykiihj (kyrcliu ; cyrch). To ap- 
proach : to resort to : to b 

CySGB (kysgU ; CWSg). To sleep. 

Cyssefin (kysseuin ; cysaf). Pri- 
mary : Brat, or primitive. 

i i egredig (kyssegredic : i 
segr). Com ecrated. 



302 



GLOSSARY. 



Otssegbedigabth (kyssegredig- 
aeth ; cyssegr). Consecration ■. 
■a consecrated Btatc. 

i bu (kyssegru j ■ - egi ). To 

consecrate. 

CrSSTLLTtEDIG ( kvs- ylltcdic ; <-. 

swllr). Conjoined. 
( '■, - 1 1 -diii wv (kystudyau; cystudd). 

To nfilict ; to distress. 
Cv r 1 11: wv<; (kyttirauc ; cyd-tir). 

A partner that hath ii share of 

land in common with another ; :i 

borderer, one thai dweUeth hard 

by, ;i near neighbour. 
I i n\.wv (kyttunaO; cyttun). To 

coincide ; to agree : to assent to : 

to become pacified. 
( Ii iii ndi.i: (kyttundeb : cyd-un- 

deb). Unity; confederacy. 
Cvthkui. (kythreul ; cyd-traul). 

The devil. 
('v\v.\n:(ky(ii'ir: ey-gwair). Orderly. 

Cyv/eirdeb (kyueirdeb ; cyv/air). 
Correctness; completeness] good 
order. 

Cvwkikiaw (kyOeiraO ; cywair). 
'I'd pal in order ; to correct ; to 
equip ; i" prepare. 

Cyweieiwb (kyOeirOr ; cywaii'). 
( )in- w bo puts in order : an ar- 
ranger. 

Cyweithas (kyueithas ; eywaith). 

Society, fellowship, or alliance ; 

commerce or dealing ; courteous. 

CrwtR (kyOir ; cy-gwir). Sincere; 
true; faithful. 

Cywiraw (kyOiraO j cy-gwir). To 
perfect ; lo fulfil a promise or 
trust ; to be sincere. 

Cywirdeb (kyGirdeb; cywir). Per- 
fection ; sincerity ; uprightness. 



CrWREDfWElTH ( kvdr.iudi ii|, ; ,. v . 

wrain-gwaith). Curious work- 
manship. 

CH. 

( mvAKK. Sister. 

CuwANKcr (chwaneg). To in- 

crease; to add. 
CinvAN.VAAVc; (cliOannaOc ; ehwani i. 

Desirous, ambitious, covetous. 
Ciiwaxt (chwan). Desire, lon<*- 

ing, appetite, lust. 
C'liWAUi.i, fclnvar). A dart or 

javelin. 
Cmvi.< ii (Chech). Six. 
Ciiwixiiaxt (Ohechant ; chwecL 

cant ). Six hundred. 
Cinvr.< irr.D (Ohechet ; chwech). 

Sixth. 
Chwedl (chOedyl j chwed), A 

ing; a fable; a tale or 

port. 
ChWEEBAWH ('Ohefrakr ;, chwefr). 

February. 

('n\vi:<;u\vx (OhegrOn ; ehwegr). 
A father-in-law. 

Chwkmii. (Ohemil; chwech-mu"). 
Six thousand. 

Chwebw (chwar). Bitter; sharp, 
or severe. 

Chwerwdost (chwerw-tost). Ex- 
ceedingly severe. 

ChWI. Yon. 

ChwtddediS (chOydedie ; chwydd). 
Swollen ; pompous. 

D. 

Da. A produce ; a good ; wealth, 
goods, or chattels; good. 

U a in. amu (datlamu ; dad-llamu). 
To rebound. 



(M.OSSAKV. 



393 



Pmu i d (dadl). Ail--l.ni.' ; u plead- 
ing ; to argue ; to plead. 

Dadleuwk (dadleu-gwr). An ad- 
vocate : ••! pleader. 

Dakak (dayar ; daiar; dai-ar). 
Earth. 

Dagb (dag). A tear. 

Daxgaws (daghos ; dan-caws). To 
give proximity ; to show ; to ex- 
plain. 

])\i'.xi (dayoni : d;i). Goodness. 

Dai. (dy-al). To hold ; to detain ; 
to catch. 

Dall (all). Blind. 

lui.i.r (dall). To blind; to become 
blind. 

Damixaw (dam-unaw). To wish; 
in desire ; to ask. 

Damwaix (damOeiu ; dam-gwain). 
An accident ; chance. 

DAMWBINIAW (damwain). To hap- 



pen. 



To 



DANFON (danuoii ; dy-aiilon). 

Bend ; to convey. 
Daxt (dan). A tooth ; a disk. 
DaRFOD (daniot ; dar-bod). To 

cease ; to Conclude. 
Dakooax (dar-gogan). A fore- 
boding ; to predict ; to forebode. 
DabosXWNG (darcstwg ; dar-gost- 

wng). Tosnbdue; to subjugate ; 

to bring under. 
Dabostyngedig (darestygedic ; 

darostw Dg). Sul )j ect. 
Daeostxngedigaeth (darestyged- 

igaeth ; darostwng). Subjection. 
Darparu (dai'par). To prepare ; 

to provide. 
Dau (den). Two. 
Daw (da). A .son-in-law. 
DAWN (daw). A gift; virtue; grace. 



Deall (dyall ; de-gall I, To under- 
stand. 

Decem. Ten. Decern novennalis 
is a re\ olution ol* nineteen j < an . 
at the end "i' which time the 
various aspects of the moon arc, 

within an hour, the same a> they 
Were on the same days of the 

month nineteen years before. 

This cycle was adopted on the 

Kith of July, B.C. 433. 
1)i:i 111:1:1 (dcchre), A beginning ; 

in begin. 
I)i:nw von (detuyd ; dad-gwj dd ). 

Recovery of intelligence ; hli~s ; 

happy. 

DkfAAVD (deuadl ; del' ). Usage | 

manner; custom, or established 

rule. 
Dki-'xvdd (deiinyd ; det'n 1. Matter, 
or substance of which anything is 

made ; material ; element. 
DEG (dec). Ten. 

Degfed (d< cuel : deg). Tenth. 
Degwr (deg-gwr). 'fen men. 
Dkiiku (de-hen 1. The right ; the 
south; because thai quarter of the 

world is on the right hand l<> those 

that look towards Hie east, as the 

Hards used to do in their circles. 

Deheubabth (deheu-parth). The 

southern pan ; South Wales. 
DEHEUBABTHWit(deheu-parth-gwr). 

A South Walian. 
Di'.isvi 1 (deissyuu : deisyf). To 

request ; t" beseech ; to di sire. 
Di.i.w (del ). An image ; a form. 
Deol (dehol ; de-ol). Exile; to 

separate : to banish. 
Dethol (dy-ethol). To selecl : to 

choose ; to elect. 



394 



GLOSSARY. 



Diriioj.i.M', (dethol). Select ; 
Di i i. in., (deudec ; dau-deg). 

Twelve. 

Di.i DDEOi bd (deudecuet; deuddeg). 

iftli. 
Deufis (deuvisj dan-mis). Two 

months. 
I)i.i i, mv (deugein; deugeint; dau= 

again). Forty. 

I deugeinuet; deugain). 

Fortieth. 
|)i. \ A choice ; choice ; 

to clioose. 
Dewb (dew). Valianl . brave. 
Dewkedd (deOred; dewr). Valour. 
Dewrlew (dewr-glew). Brave 

and valiant. 
Dial (dy-al). Vengeance ; puniBh- 

ni.-ni ; revenge ; to avenge ; to 

punish ; to revenge. 

Di.w (diag ; di-anc). To escape j 
to avoid : to deliver ; to be de- 
li*, ered ; to retreat. 

Diannod (diannot ; di-annod). 
Without suspension or delay. 

Diareb (di-areb). What is incon- 
trovertible; n provcrh; unanswer- 
able. 

DiABEBoa (diareb). Proverbial. 

Diarf (diaryf j di-arf). Weapon- 
less ; unarmed. 

DlARFEREDIG ( diarueredie : diarfer). 
Unhabituated. 

DiARQRTKEDiQ (diargrynedic j di- 
argryn). Intrepid; anfermented. 

Diarwtbod (diarOybot ; di-arwy- 
bod). Unknowing ; nnknov n. 

Diasgellu (diasgell). To dives! 
of a wing or w 



DlAWD (diaOtj dy-iawd). Drink; 
beverage. 

Dii'.Miu.i (dihohl). To depopn 

Du ii awn (dig). To be able ; to 
effectuate. 

Diddanwch (didanOch j diddan). 
( Consolation. 

Dieflig (dieulic ; diafl). Devilish) 
diabolical. 

I.)iki tiii; (dieithyr; di-eithr). "With- 
out exception ; strange. 

Dh.i.w (di-elw). Worthless ; vile. 

Dif.lwi (dielw). To contemn ; to 
despise. 

DlENlG (diennic ; dien). Deadly. 

DlENTDDlAW (dihenydyaO ; dien- 
ydd). To disanimate ; to exi 

! )iki;<;i;v\Ki>i<; I diergryuedic ; dier- 

gryn). Intrepid ; undaunted. 

Difa (diua ; dif). To consume; 
to destroy ; to devour ; to waste 

Djeesur (diuessur; di-mesur). Im- 
mense ; without measure. 

DiPESTTREDD (diuessured ; difesur). 
Immensity. 

Difesuredig (diuessuredig ; di- 
fesur). Unmeasured; immense. 

DlPFAiTH (di-ffaith). Wilderness ; 
wild. 

Diffeitiiiaw (diffaith). To devas- 
tate ; to lay waste. 

Diffeithwoh (dilTaith). Wilder- 
ness. 

DlFFYG (diflye ; diff; L. defeclus). 
A deleft ; a want; an eclipse. 

Difftgiaw (diflygyaO j drflyg). To 
fail ; to he wearied. 

DiGAWN (dig). Enough; sufficient. 

Digrib (crif). Amusing; merry. 

Digrifwi n (digrif). Amusement; 
mirth. 



GLOSSARY. 



395 



NEDIG (digrynedic : di 
Intrepid, undaunted. 

|)ii;«ii.w«- (dygwyda&j digwydd). 

To fall ; to befal, i" happen. 
DiOYFOEtm (digyfoeth). To spoil 

nl" wealth. 
l)n;vi i k* \ w (digyflto ; di-cyflraw). 

Undisturbed, composed. 
DmDNAW (dyhunaGj dihun). To 

Wake : tO awake. 

Dilesg (dilesc : di-Ilesg). Not 

weak, unfeeble. 
D:i.i. r (dile). To divest of place ; 

to abolish ; to exterminate. 
Dii.i.ai) (dillal ; dill). Apparel or 

clothes. 
Dim. Nothing ; anything 
Dim a i (dimei; dim). A halfpenny. 
Djsab (din-as). A fortress ; a i^y- 

tified town ; a city. 
Dkmsd (dioet j di-oed). Withou! 

delay. 

. (diofyn; di-ofo). Fearless. 
Dim, i.i. (di-gogel) Unexposed ; 

Becure. 
Diogblrwydd (diogelruyd; diogel). 

Security ; safe conduct. 
DlOGELWOH (diogel). Security. 

Bafety. 
Diogelwk (diogel-gwr). A .securer; 

a protector. 
Dirajd (direit j di-rhaid). Usele 
Dikan (di-rhan). Portionless. 
Dikfawb (diruaOr ; dir-mawr). 

Very Large, vast. 

Dirgel (dir-cel). Secret. 
Dirgeledig (dirgeledic ; dirgel |. 

Concealed. 
DiKviu i>d (dirybud ; di-rhybydd). 

Withoul warning : Budden. 



Disarm (L. discipulus). A disciple. 
Disgtnu (diskynnu ; disgyn). To 
i end ; to dismount. 

I )i i bi w i(i\ -yiruv i. I destruction. 
Distri \\i dig \iin (distryw). I >e- 

s traction. 
Distrywiaw (distryw). To destroy. 
I)i>\ v\ i. (deissyuil ; di-syfyd i. \ oid 

of :iay : Budden. 
Diw \ rnod (diOarnaOl ; diw-arnod). 

A "lay. 

Dfwedd (diOed ; di-gwedd). Com- 
pletion ; end. 

Doni (dawd). To put ; to appoint; 

rive. 
Dodrefn (dotrefn : dy-godrefu). 
Furniture. 

Doktii (dy-oeth |. ^Yiso; prudent ; 

eloquent. 

DOETHINEB (docth). Wi 
DOFHAtJ (dof ). To lanie. 

I >qfi v.WDR(dofyaOdyrj dof). Tamer. 

DOL (dy-ol). A dale : a p. 

Dou'it (dy-golur). Anguish, pain; 

Borrow. 
Doltjriaw (doiuryaO ; dolur i. To 

ache; to be in pain ; to cane 

anguish or pain. 

DOS ; r. iniprr. ( io tliou. 

Dosbarthu (dosparthu ; dosbarth). 

To distribute ; to distinguish ; to 

analyse. 
DiiixnAw (drigaO, dring >. To climb. 
I >rwg (drOc; dy-rhwg). Evil; had. 
Diiws (dy-rliws). A passage ^ a 

doorway •. a door. 
I )i!v< ii (>\vx ). Aspect, form. 
Drygdrum (dryedrum; drwg-trum). 

Bad ridge, or urge. 
Drygwei i iiui.i' (drycOeithret ; 

drwg-gweithred). Evil deed. 






sAKY. 



DttYGYBPRrDOL ( dryrvspry (ol ; 

drwg-yspryd |. Evil -spirited. 
Dbyll (dj -rhvll). A piece; a frag* 

iiHiii , a part. 
Di . Black : dark. 
I) i aav (dn). To blacken j to darken; 

to become black; to become dark. 
]>( unsc (duruig ; durf.) Close ; 

hard; austere. 

l)l\v (dy-yw). God. 

I ) i rw i Efl ( i InyOes ; daw). A goddess. 
Duwioldeb (dyuawlder ; duwiol). 

( rodliness. 
Dwi 1: (dwfyr; dwf). Water. 
Dwbm (dy-gwrn). A fist, 
Dvnr (dy-wy). Two. 

I)\\ yiawi. (doyuaOl ; dwyf). Di- 

\ me, godly. 

DWYTEON (dOyuron ; dwy-bron). 

The breast. Cledry ddwyfron ; 

the chest. 
Dwyn (dy-gwyn). To bring; to 

take away; i" steal. 
Dwtwaith (dOyCeith; dwy-gwaith). 

Twice. 

])vi'.i.v<;i; (dyblyg). To doable ; to 

told. 

Dv< iiv.mv. (dechymic; dy-eymyg). 
Invention; imagination. 

DvciiYMv.r (dechymyga ; dy- 
ehymyg). To devise ; to conjec- 
ture. 

])voi)(dyd: dy-ydd). A day. 

Dtddgwaitb (dydg&eith; dydd= 
gwaath). A certain day. 

Dvial (dyual; dy-bal). Sedulous; 
diligent. 

Dtfetha (difetha; dyfeth). To 

destroy, to waste. 
])vioi) (dyuot; dy-bod). To be, to 

exist; to come to pats; to come. 



DrFODBDlttABTH (dy noted i-a,-f|, . 

dyfodedig ). Arrival. 

DYFODIAD (dyuodva! : dyfod). A 

coining ; arrival ; advent. 
Dvfbtsiaw (dyfryssyaO ; dyfiys). 

To hasten. 
Dtfd (dyuu; dwf). To -Hide, or 

lo ino\ c forward; to cnnie. 
DvFV.vr (dyfyn). To draw to ; („ 

eid-. 
Dvifkyx (dwfr-hynt). A vale 

through which a river il 
I >YG1 NM'i.J.AW (dygyi.mill;. To 

assemble ; to collect. 

Ihi.u.i. (dylyct ; dyly). Duty : 

debt ; claim. 
Dyi.ykdawi; (dylyedadc ; dyly 

Entitled to property ; noble 

proprietor. 
Dylvkoi's (dylyed). Due : obli- ' 

gatory. 
Dvi.vt: ( dyl ). To be bound in duly; 

to owe. 

Dv.v (dy-yn). A person ; a human 

being, a man or woman. 
Dvxr.su" (denessu; dy-nesau). To 

approach, to draw near. 
Dyoddtse (diodef; dy-goddef). To 

sutler, to endure, to allow. 
Dvodi'kiaint (diodeuaint ; dyodd- 

ef). Suffering, passion. 

Dvolavcii (diolCeh ; dy-golwcli). 

Gratitude. 

1)vi;i 11 a 1 ■■ a i-: i . (dyrchauel; dyrchaf). 
To elevate ; to ascend. 

Dykciiafu (derchafu ; dyrchaf). 
To raise ; to ascend. 

Dtrnaid (dyrneit; dwrn). A hand- 
ful. 

Dysg (dysc, dy-ysg). Learning. 



GLOSSARY. 



397 



Dysgediqaeth (dysgedig). Learn- 
ing. 
Dyson (dysg). To Irani: to teach. 
Dtsgwvl (disgOyl; dys-gwyl), To 

look for, to expect, (<> wail for. 
Dvmviii (dissycha ; dysyeh). To 

flry ; id become dry. 
Dvr.ww (duunaO : dyun). To 

agree ; to unite. 
DvwAi.r (dywal). To become 

furious. 
Dywededig (dyOededic ; dywed). 

Said. 
Dvwkdvi) (dyGedul : dy-gwedyd). 

To speak, to say. 

E. 

Ebargofi (ebrygofi : ebargof). To 

forget. 
EBRILL (i-li-rhill; L. Aprilis). April. 

Ebrwydd (ebruyd ; eb-rhwydd). 

Quick : hasty ; soon. 
Echrestr (ech-rhesfcr). A register. 
Echtywynwb (ech-tywynwr). An 

illustrator. 
]•'.( invvDi) (ecliOyd ; ecli-cwydd ). 

The evening. 
I"-i • 1 1 \w n (ccuvii). What is taken 

or given for use ; a loan. 
Iv iiwvvaw (ecdnvyn). To borrow; 

to lend. 
F.uii'AKii.vi: (ediuarhau; edifar). To 

repent. 
Ebifarwch (ediuarOch ; edifar). 

Penitence. 
Edrtcii (e-drych). To look; to 

Bee. 
Edrychedigaeth (edrychedig). 

Tin- acl or slate of looking 5 ap- 
pearance ; sight. 
Ep. Him. 



Efengylwh (euegylyOr ; 1 R ngj I 
gwr). Evangelist. 

EgLI i: (eg-lltir). Clear ; plain ; 

visible. 

Eglwys (glwys ; L. eeclesia). A 
church. 

Eglwysawx (eglwys). Ecclesi- 
astical : belonging to the church. 

Eglwys wb (eglwys-gwi |. A 

churchman : an ecclesiastic : a 
clergyman. 

Kuki.ak.th (helaeth). Extensive; 
large ; abundant. 

Mn. 1. aw (eidaw ; aidd), One's 

own ; possession ; chattel. 

Eildydd (eildyd ; ail-dydd). The 

second day. 

Eilwaith (eilOeith ; ail-gwaith). 

Twice. 
Kn.w (air). Snow. 
Eiriawl (eiryol; elraOl; air-iawl). 

To entreal ; to intercede ; to 

persuade. 
Eisewydd (esseOyd ; eisiw), A\ r nnt ; 

indigent. 
ElSIEO (es). Want. 

EisiWEDiG (eissiuedic ; eisiwed). 

Needy ; indigent ; poor. 
ElSOES (es-oes). Xeverl liele.-s ; 

however : moreover ; likewise : 

already. 

ErsTEDD (eisted : eiste). To sit. 

Eistedd u-rtli ; In Bit down l.y ; 

to besiege. 
Eistkdih a (eistedua ; eistedd-ma). 

A silling place; a ;-eaf ; a slalion. 
ElTHR (eithyr ; aith). Except J 

besides ; but. 
Elw (elj. Property ; profit, gain. 
Rmeixdigedig (emelldigetie; raell- 

digedig). Accursed. 






GLOSSARY. 



• (eneif ; en-aid). A soul ; 
life. 

I \\v (enkilyaw ; encil). To 
retreat ; t<> retire : to withdraw. 

Enmi.i. (en-nill). (.lain ; profil ; 
tin. 

Knnvm (ennyn). To kindle ; to 

inflame ; to be inflamed. 
A name. 
Enttawo (enOadc j enw). Having 

a iiiini" ; renowned. 

Ensvi (enw). 'I'd name 

Eoi '■ (ehofyn ; e-ofh). Fearl 

bold ; daring ; confident. 
En \ii.i. (ereill ; arall). Others. 
Ebbyh < ].vn). Againsi : opposite : 

to receive. 
Erbyniad (erbynyeit 5 erbyn). To 

ive. 
Eri ih (arch). To ask; to demand. 
i . fnied (eruynneil \ erfyn). To 

request ; to entreat. 
ri \v.\'\c. (ergrynedic ; ergryn). 

Made to tremble ; trembling. 
Ergrynu (ergryn). To tremble; 

to Pear. 
Eroi d (er-cyd ). A throw : a shol ; 

;i charge •. a stroke. 
Erioed i er-oed). From 

tin- beginning ; ever ; never. It 
of the tin!' 
Eki.ii> (erlH ; eryl). To pursue ; 

to pro cute ; to persecute ; to 

Eim.vm.wvi.wk (erlynyaGdur ; er- 
! vn «. ( )),.■ who pursues ; a per- 
secutor i a prosecutor. 

Ebmig (ermyg; er-mig). An in- 
strument. 

I'.uw (ar-w ). An acre ; a measure 

applied exclusively to arable lands; 



ii appears to have contained aboai 

4,320 yards. 
Esgair (eskefar; esg). A shank; 

a leg : a limb. 
Ex. <>n (escob; E. episcopui). A 

bishop. 
Esgobawd (<~coljaOt; csgob.) A 

bishopric ; a diocese. 
Esgi \ (eskyn; es-cyn; L. aseendo). 

To ascend ; to mount ; to rii 
Estratvn (es-trawn). One of a 

separate community ; a stranger; 

a foreigner. 
Emvx (es-tyn). To extend ; to 

reach ; to hold out. 
Etotedd (etiued; e-tifedd). A 

birth ; an infant ; an heir. 
Etwa (ed-gwa >. Yet; still; again. 

ExiI.MVl. (Cllml; e-!a\vl). To el, •■ -, : 

to choose ; to select. 

EthOLRDTG (elhawl). Elect ; clin- 

sen. 

E I EOLBDIGAETH (etholedig). Elec- 
tion. 

l'i . Their ; them. 

Ewch j imperative mood, second 
person plural o/'Mtned. Go; 

Ewyllts (ewyll)- Will ; inclina- 
tion : desire. 

V.w vrui: (ewythyr ; e-gwythr). An 
uncle. 

Ft: 

Fro. A flight, or retreat ; to flee. 
i'ri.Ai.ri!— F i (.awl) it (ffbaudyr ; 

liuad). A fugitive. 
FPOEDIG (flbedic; ffoi). Fled. 
Ffo i (fib). To flee. 
Fpordd (fford; ffor). A passage; 

a road, a way. 



GL0S8ABY. 



399 



i ily-os). A fosse, a ditch. 
!••, am in (ffrwy ; L. JruoHis). 
Fruit 

J'l i:\vyiiiaw (il'rwyth). To IVuclily, 

to bear fruit. 
1. 1 | i:l (ffuryf ; ffui'j L. forma). 
Form ; manner. 

I' i i i:i i aw (IbiruaG ; flurf). To 

form, to shape. 
Fbtjstiavv (ifustau ; ilust). To 

thresh, to beat. 
Fi-vdulawn (ilydlon; ilydd-llawn ). 

Faithful. 
Fl -vdulonder (ilydlonder ; Hydd- 

lawn). Fidelity. 
Fkvsg- (ffyse). A quick course ; 

impetuosity] sudden; quick; im- 

petuous. 

G. 

&ADAEL (gad). To part from, to 

|i;i\ c ; to forsake. 
(i.\i>AW (gad). To leave. 
1 1 ! ik (geir; ga-ir). A word. 
Gal (ga-al). An enemy. 
G ai.w (gal), To call ; to invoke : 

to name. 

Galled (gall). To be able ; to be 

possible. 
(bu.i.i: (gall). Power ; to be able. 
Galluus (gallu). Able; powerful. 
Gait (can). With ; by; because; 

since. 
Gau\v (gar). Hough; severe. 

Garwdqbt (garw-tost). Sharply 

severe. 
Gauai (gau-af). Winter. 
Gawh (awr). A shout; a tumult; 

a conflict. 
GEFYN(geuyns gaf). A fetter, a 

gyve ; a Bhackle. 



i (geuj nu ; gefyn }. To 

fel ter, to shackle. 
( 1 i.i s \ (gal). A foe, ov enenvj . 
Gem (fin; i.. in nana). A gem, b 

jewel. 

(gan). To be bom. 
( ! i.i: (cer). Bj . or al : near to. 
Get m (gau-tj >. A privy. 
(in.vi'h (cil ). Mutual seive : one 

and her, i ach other. 
G i.an (llan). Tin' brink, Bide, or 

bank of a river, or any v. ater. 
< Ilkisdid (gleindit; glan). Purity, 

holiness. 
Glew (Hew). A hero j brave, \a- 

liiini ; sharp, acute. 

( rLEWDEB (gleT( ). I!r;i\ cry: i-lmrp- 

B6I .-. 
(Il.o. Coal. 

(ii.w (llyn). A deep vale through 
which a river runs ; a glen. 

( rNOTAEDiG (gnotaedk : gnawd }, 
Accustomed, usual. 

Gobaith (gobeith : go-paith). 
I [ope j a common, or an open 
wild. 

Gobeithiaw (gobeithaO ; gobaith), 
To hope. 

Gochel (go-cel). To avoid; to be- 
ware. 

Goddef (godef; go-di f i, To bears 
to suffer. 

i'oiiKHi (gotric ; go-trig). A delay. 

Gofalus (goualusj gofal), Careful; 

BolicitOUS ; anxious. 

( rOPWYAW (gofwy ). To v'mt. 

Gopym (go-inyn). To ask, to in- 
quire. 

( rOGELu (gOeglu ; gogel). To ei - 
chew; to shelter; to protect, 

Gogledd (gogled ; go-cledd). The 



400 



GLOSSARY. 



north, which is to the lefl | cl i Id ) 
of a person looking eastwards 
( ;..(..n (ogof ). A cave, a cavern. 
oneddub (gogonedus 5 gogon- 
edd). Glorious; illustrious. 

GOGOXIAXT (^i»^oiiy:iiiL ; CO-COIl- 
iant). Glorj. 

Gohir (go-hir). A delay. 
Golas (go-glas.) Of a faint l>Iuo, 

bluish. 
< rOLEU (crawl). Light. 

Goleuad (goleuat ; goleu). Light. 

Golud (golut; go-llud). Wealth, 
or riches. 

( iiti.i.w.M; (gelKig ; go-lhvng). To 
loosen; to dismiss; to absolve. 

( ;<>i.i.v\<;i>A\vi> (gellygdaOt ; goll- 
wng). Dismissal; release; abso- 
lution. 

CioMMEDD (gomed; gom-medd). To 
refuse; to deny. 

Gobchfygu (gorchfyg). To over 
come, to conquer. 

Gobchtmmyn (gor-cymmyn). A 
command; to command. 

( rORDDERCH (gorderch; gordd-erch). 
A paramour; a concubine. 

CrORDDERGHAD (gorderchat; gordd- 
erch). A concubine. 

( rORDDERCirc (gorderehu ; gordd- 
erch ). To woo ; to play llie 
wanton. 

Gobesgvs (,L r oreskyn ; gor-esgyn). 
To super-ascend ; to come upon ; 

to take possession ; to Subdue. 

( tOREU (gor). Best. 

Goreugwr (goreu-gwr). Best 

man; principal man. 
( rORFOD ( goruol ; gor-bod). To 
gel superior; to cause submission; 
to overcome. 



< rORMOD (gorm \. Exces i; toi 

Gobphen (gorffen; gor-pen). To 
finish. 

Gobphowtsaw (gorffoOysaO ; gor^ 
powys). To rest, to repose. 

Gobphwysaw (gorff&ysaG ; gorph- 
\vy<) — ( 1-orphowys. 

Gobthrwm (gor-trwm). Yen- 
heavy ; depressive. 

Goijthkymi' (gurihrymu ; gorth- 

i-\viii.i To oppress. 

( rOBD (gor). To cause j !o aCCOQl' 
plisli. 

Gobuchel (gor-uchel). Supreme; 

very high. 

Gobitwoh (gor- u well). Above. 

Gobtvacj (gorOac : gor-gwag). Su- 
premely empty; vain; pompom. 

(iiisAwi) (gosot, gosaOt ; go-sawd). 
A staiule, or ordinance: to place: 
to appoint : to set upon. 

Gosodedig (gosodedic ; gosawd). 

Placed : appointed. 

Gosodbdigaeth (go&odedig). A 

position ; an ordinance; a con- 
stitution. 

Gostwkg (gestGg ; gos-twng). To 

lower; to humble ; to descend : 
to become low. 
Gkadd (grad ; L. g radii s). A Step; 

a degree. 
Gbatvys (gra-gwys). Lent. 

Gbe frhe). A flock ; a herd ; a 
stud, which consisted of fifty mares 
and a stallion. 

( Iwavxdwai. (grwnd-gwal ; S. 

grouudwall). A foundation. 
( iKwxpwAj.u (grwndwal ). To 

found. 
Gi;wm>waj.wi: (grwndwal-gwr). A 
founder. 



GLOSSARY. 



401 



CiRYMHAU (gryin). To avail ; («> be 
powerful ; (<i strengthen. 

Ckv.mis (grym). Powerful ; ener- 
getic 

Gbykusder (gryinuster; grymus). 
Strength ; mightiness. 

Gwadu (gwad.). To deny. 

Gwadd (gOad ; gwa). A mole. 

(Iwaki) (gOaet ; gwa-ed). Blood. 

Gwaedawl (gOaetaOl ; gwaed). 
Bloody. 

Gwakued (gOaeret ; gwaer). The 
bottom of a descent, or declivity. 
/ wacred ; downward. 

Gwaew (gOayO ; gwae). Pang, 
ajzony -, a lance, or spear. 

GrWAG (gOac ; gwa; L. vacuum). 
Empty. 

Gwaiiankedawl (gwuliaiired). Dis- 
tinctive ; particular. 

&WAHARDD (gOahard ; gwa-hardd) 
To forbid ; to prohibit. 

Gwaiiakddedig (guahardedic ; 
gwahardd). Forbidden. 

GwAnvwDD (gOahaOd; gwa-hawdd). 
To invite. 

Gwaith (gOcith ; gwai). Action ; 
work ; course, turn, or time. 

Gwallt (gwall). The hair of the 
head. 

Gwan (gwa). Weak ; faint ; pool'. 
Gwaxwyn (g\v:in-gwyn). Spring. 
Gwar (gwa-ar). Placid ; gentle 5 
mild, or tame. 

Gwakadwyddtjs (gGaratfiydus ; 

gwaradwydd). Scandalous ; dis- 
graceful. 

Gwaim iiadw (gwar-cadw). To 
keep ; to ward ; to look after. 



GwAiiciiAi. (gwar-cae). A si. 
n hemming in ; to Ucin in; to lie- 
siege ; to pound. 

Gwarciiakdig (gOarchacdic ; gwar- 
chao). Hemmed in; confined; 
besieged. 

Gwaiicheidwad (gOercheitOad ; 
gwarchadw). A guardian. 

Gwartheg (g6artb.ee ; gwarth). A 

medium of exchange ; cattle. 

Gwas (gwa-as). Whal isofo smooth 
or even quality ; a youth ; a ser- 
vant. 

( J WASANAKTII (gwasal) ). Service. 

Cwasaxaktiii (gwasanaeth). To 

serve. 

( '• WASANAETHWB(gwasanaeth-gwr). 
A Berver ; a minister. 

Gwabgabtj (gwasgar). To scatter j 

to disperse. 
Gwastad (gOastal ; gwawt). A 

plain ; even ; level, continued ; 

constant. 

GwASTADTIE (gGastatir ; gwastad- 
tir). Level ground ; plain. 

GWEBI (gOedy ; gwed). After, 
later than. 

('. weddi (gOedi ; gwedd). A 
prayer, a supplication. 

Gwkddiaw (gOediaO ; gweddi). To 
pray, to supplicate. 

Gweddtj (gOedu ; gwedd). To 
render orderly ; to submit ; to 
yoke ; to wed ; to become or- 
derly; to befit. 

Gwegil (gAve-cil). Tbe hinder 

])arl of the head ; tbe bottom id' 

the back pari of tbe skull. 
Gyveitiiiaw (gueithati ; gwaith). 
To work ; to labour. 

c: c 



402 



fJLOSSAHY. 



Gweitiired (gOeithret ; gwaith). 

An jut. 
Gwzladwh (gOelabdyr; gwel). A 

. a beholder. 
GrWELED (gGelet ; gwcl). To sec, 

to behold. 
Gwelediad (gOlediat ; gwcled). A 

seeing ; vision, sight. 
Gwki.y (gwai). A bed, or couch ; 

a family. 
G-WELL (gwe-el). Better. 
Gwener (gwen). Venus. Dydd 

dinner ; dies Veneris, Friday. 
Gwi.maitii (gOenycith ; gwen- 

iaith). Flattery. 
Gwk.vwvnaw (gwenwyn). To 

poison ; to fret ; to feel envious. 
(! wkwvvnh; (gOenOynic ; gwen- 

wyn). Poisonous. 
G-WEHa (gwer ; L. versus). A ies- 

. mi ; a verse. 
Gwi'.uTii ( truer). Value, worth, 

price ; suic. 
G msRTHFAWB (guerthuaOr ,• gwerth= 

niMwr). Precious; valuable. 
Gwi.iitiii: (gwerth). To sell ; to 

traffic. 
Gwkwvii (gwew). What is pim- 

genl ; whal causeth pain ; a spear. 
Gwir.i.wv (g&ibyaG ; gwib). To 

wander ; to hover. 
Gwin (gOyn ; gw-in ; L. vinum). 

Wine. 
Gwiu (gw-ir ; L. verum). Truth 5 

I rue. 
GrWTJUQNEDD (guiryoued ; gwiri- 

,'iwn). Verity, truth. 
Gwisr; (gwisc ; gw-isg). A gar- 
ment. 
GrWISQAW (gwiBg). To dress ; io 

wear. 



Gwlad (gOlat ; gw-llad). A coun- 
i'-y. 

GwLAPAWL (g61ata01; gwlad). Be- 
longing to a country; national 

( ■ wi.aw (gwl-aw). Ruin. 

(i wi.awiaw <; (gwlaw). Rainy. 

Gwlewohu (gwledwch). To ex- 
ercise dominion ; to reign. 

Gwledd (gOled ; gw-lledd). A 

banquet. 
Gw.vwrnr (pret. of Gwk). Has 

made ; has done. 
GrWOBH (gOobr ; gobr). A reward; 

a fee j a bribe. 
Gwobrwy (gwobr), A reward. 
Gwr (gw-wr ; L. vir). A 

endowed with power, will, or 

liberty ; a man ; a husband. 
G WBAIG (gOreicj gwr). A woman ; 

a wife. 
Gwkandaw (gwr-andaw). To 

listen, to hearken, to hear. 
G ukawi. (gwr). Manly ; valiant. 
Gwrda (gwr-da). A man of qua- 
lity ; a gcnileman. 
Gwriiau (gwr). To render homage; 

to be manly- 
Gwriogaetii (gOrogaeth ; gwr- 

iawg). Homage. 
Gwrtiiallt (gwrth-gallt). A cliff 

running contrary to another. 
Gwrtiienau (gOrtheneu ; gwrth= 

genau). Repulsive lips. 
Gwrthladd (gOrthlad ; gwrtho 

lladd). To oppugn ; to prevent; 

to drive off. 
Gwrthod (g&rthot ; gwrtb). To 

refuse ; to object. 
Gwrtiiwyxeb (gwrth-wyneb). A 

contrary face ; opposition ; con- 
trary ; adverse. 



(1LOKSAKY. 



403 



Gwrthwtnebem) (gGrthonebod ; 
gwrthwyneb). Contrariety ; op- 
position. 

(iu KiiiwvvKBU (gwrthwyneb). To 

confront ; to oppose. 
GWETHWYSnEBWB (gwrthwyneb 

»wr). An adversary. 

Gwyp.op (,LiO_yl.(.)t ; gwydd-bod). 
Knowledge ; to know. 

Gwvdi) (gwyd ; gwy-ydd). Trees; 
-diruhs; wood; presence. 

Gwvddaw (gOydad ; gwydd). To 
give knowledge ; to know. 

Gwyddfa (gOydua ; gwydd-ma). 
A place of presence; an eminence 
where Bardic meetings were 
held : an artificial mound, or feu- 
mulus, which served to teach the 
people from, and also as a sepul- 
chre. 

Own. (gwel; L. vigil). A feast, 
or festival. 

(iwvi.iA (gwyl-ma). A watching 
place : a watch. 

Gwyh (gwy). White ; fair ; bles- 
sed. 

Gwvxkjj (gwyn-eb). A face, aspect, 
or countenance. 

GWYKT (gwyn; L. ventus). Wind. 

Gwysti, (gOystyl ; gwysl). A 
pledge; surety; hostage. 

Gvd (mutate of Cvi>). Willi. 

(; 'iim (gyr). To drive; to en- 
force ; to send. 



H. 

IIakiuu; (Iiaedu; haedd). To dc- 

Berve. 
Hael (hy-ael). Generous, liberal. 



Haim.k.m (linelyoni ; haelion). 
( rcnerosity, liberality. 

ll.\r (ha). What spreads oul ; Bum- 
mer. 

i 1 \i .hi (hafot ; baf-bod). A i urn- 

mer dwelling ; a dairy. 

1 1 a i a ( ii (hayachj hai). An instant; 

instantly; almost. 
Eaiakn (bayarn; bai-arn). Iron. 
Hatnt (heint ; hain ). A di 

Bickness; pestilence. 
IIaxnkk (han-der). A half, a 

moiety; half. 
Hani (han). To proceed from, lo 

emanate. 
Hail (heul; lia-ul). The sun. 
Haw i.i) (haGd; hy-awdd). Feasible, 

easy. 

Heb (hy-eb). Without. 

Bebog ( bebauc ; heb). A hawk. 

HEBRWNG (hebrug ; heb-rhwng). 
To go with ; to conduct ; to 

accompany; to send onward. 

IIi'.DDwen (heducb ; hedd). Peace. 

IIkddvciiawi. (hedychaOl ; hedd- 
weh). Peaceable. 

IIkddvciiu (hedychu ; heddweh). 
To make peace ; to pacify. 

Beddychwb (hedychOr; heddwch= 
gwr). A peacemaker, a pacifier. 

IIkddvw (hedyO; hedd). To day. 

Hepyd (heuyt ; haf). Also, like- 
wise. 

IIki.a (hel). To gather; to hunt. 

Hllaktii (hel). Extensive, abund- 
ant. 

Ur.i.AKTiinwviti) (helaethrOyd; hel- 
aeth). Extensive ness, abund- 
ance. 

IIki.i A (helua ; hel). A collected 
heap ; a hunt. 

c e 2 



404 



GLOSSARY. 



Ufa- (hy-en; L. aenex.) Age; aged, 
old. " 

Henapqwu (henaf-gwr). The eld- 
est man, the chief man; an elder. 

Henafiad (henafyat; henaf). An- 
cestor; elder. 

IIkxaixt (henain). Old age. 

Hendad (hendal j hen-tod). A 
grandfather. 

Heol (he-ol), A course ; a street; 
a road. 

Herwyd© (hcruyd ; her-gwydd). 
Because, for, with respect to ; 

according to; by, with. 
Hi. SI,,-. 
IIindda (hinda ; liin-d:i). Fair 01' 

calm weather. 
IIim.x (bin). Serene weather, a 

clear atmosphere ; the weather, 

the atmosphere. 

IIir (hy-ir). Long ; prolix ; dila- 
tory. 
HlRGARCHAE ( hir-carchar ). Long 
imprisoned. 

IIikmawr (hir-mawr). Long and 
great. 

Hoedl (hocdcl ; hoed). Life, the 
duration of life. 

HOLL (oil). All, the whole of. 

HoLl.Ti (hollt). To split. 

Hon (hy-on). This, fem. 

Hoxof, Hon'OT, IIox.uv, Iloxia 
(honi), Hoxom, HOXOCII, Hi iX- 
vxr : following the preposition 
0. of. Me, thee, him, her, us, 
yon, them. 

IIonno (fem. of IIwxxw). That 
one. 

II ia wi)ii (huodr, hua&dyr ; hu= 
awdr). A gnidi' ; affable ; elo- 
quent. 



HuN(hy-un). Self, the same person, 
Huriaw (huryau j hur). To hire; 

to take hire. 
; Hwn (hy-wn). This one, ?nas. 
, IIwxxw (hwn). That one. 
IIwv (Oy ; hy-wy). They j them, 
IIwvi. (hwy). A course ; order ; 

progress ; a sail. 
IIwyuaw (hwylau ; hwyl). To di- 
rect ; to progress ; to sail. 
IIwvxt (Gynt)=IIwy. 
IIwyxtau (Oynteu ; hwynt). They 

Likewise ; them also. 
Hwtbhau (hwyr). To become 

late ; to delay. 
IIyd (hyt ; hy-yd). Length ; as 

far as ,• until. 
IIydkk (by). Confidence ; trust. 
IIyfuwyivd (hyurOyd; hyf-rhwydd). 

Unimpeded. 
1 1 vi i:yd (by fry t. ; hy-hryd). Hav- 
ing the mind at liberty ; happy : 

cheerful ; delightful. 
IIy'frydiiau (hyfrykui ; hyfiyd). 

To delight ; to cheer. 
IIygar (hegar ; hy-car). Amiable, 

lovely ; pleasing. 
IIyx. This. 
IIynaf (hyn). Ancestor ; an elder, 

a senator. 
IIyxaws (hy-naws). Good na- 

tured ; kind ; gentle. 
IIynawsdfr (hynaOster ; hynaws). 

Good nature; gentleness, 
llvxxv (hyn). That. 
IIyxt (hwnt). A way; a career; 

a journey. 
EFrOLDEB (huolder ; liyawl). Bold- 
ness; bravery. 
Hyuwyiu) (hyruyd ; hy-rhwydd)= 
Hyfrwydd. 



GLOSSARY. 



405 



I. 

I. I. 

I. To. 

Iacii (ia-aeh). Sane, sound, healthy; 

unhurt. 
Iak (i-ar). From off ; oil' the top ; 

off. 
Iabll (iar). An earl ; a noble. 
Iau (leu ; au). Jupiter. J)ydd 

law, dies Jo vis, Thursday. 
IawN (awn). Right ; satisfaction ; 

just, very. 
Iddaw, Iddi, Iddynt (idaO, idi, 

idynt). To liim, her, them. 
Ikciivd (iechytj tach). Soundness ; 

health. 
Ieuangc (ieuanc ; iau-anc). Young. 
Ieiknctid (ieuegtit ; ieuangc). 

You tli. 
Insel (inseil; in-sel). A mark, a 

seal. 
Ikad (irat j ir). Pungency ; afflic- 
tion ; pungent, grievous, terrible. 
Is. Lower ; below ; inferior to. 
IwTtCH (wrch). A roebuck. 

L 

Legat (L. legatus). A legate ; a 
cardinal or bishop, whom the 
pope sends as his ambassador to 
sovereign princes. 

LL. 

Lladd (Had ; lly-ad). To cut j to 
slay. 

Lladdfa (lladua ; lladd). Slaugh- 
ter. 



Li.aktii (lly-acth; L. Inc.) Milk. 

Llafasf (llauassu ; llal'as). 'I'o 
venture, to dare. 

Li.akku (llauur ; Uafj L. labor). 
Labour ; husbandry. 

Llapuriaw (UauuryaOj llaf'ur). To 
labour. 

Llafikis (llauurus ; llafur). La- 
borious. 

Li.ai.i, (lly-all). The other. 

i,i. ax (lly-an). An inclosure ; ;i 
village ; a church. 

Li.anw (llan). Fulness; the flow* 
ing in of the lido; the tide. 

Llaw (lly-aw). A hand. Rhag 
Ihuc ; henceforth. Ger liaic ; 
near, at hand. 

Llawex (lla-gwcn). Merry, joyful. 

Llawf.niiau ( Uawen). To gladden ; 
to rejoice. 

LXAWBNYDD (llaOenyd ; llawcn). 
Joy ; mirth; pleasure 

Llaweii (lla-gwer). Many ; a di- 
versity. 

Llawn (lly-awn). Full; complete. 

Li.awu (lly-awr). A floor, fho 
ground, the earth. 

Lee. A place; where; stead. 

Llechu (llech). To lurk. 

Lledfarw (lletuarO ; lled-marw). 

Half dead, partly dead. 
Lledbad (Iledrat ; lled-rhad). 

Stealth, or theft. 
Llef (lly-ef ). A voice, a cry. 
Llefain (llefein ; llef). A loud 

cry; to cry aloud; to weep. 
Lleiiau (He). To make a placo ; 

to place. 
Li.kidkvn (lleidr). A petty thief. 
Li.f.nwi (llauw). To fill; to become 

full; to flow, as the tide. 



406 



GLOSSARY. 



!.m. '. ' Uesc i lly-esg). Feeble, 
faint. 

1,1.1. TTVAW = Li. ETTYTJ (Hetty). To 

Lodge. 
Li.r.iAD (lleuatj lieu). The moon. 

Lleufeb (lleuucr ; Ueu-mer). 
Splendour. 

J, lew (Uy-ew). A lion. 

Lliawb (ili-aws). A multitude. 

Llid (Hit; lly-id). Wrath; anger; 
inflammation. 

Llimaw (llidyau; Hid). To i-ni.-o 
anger, to inllnmc ; to he angry, 
in bo enraged .- to be inflamed. 

I, i. id! \\v<; (IlidyaOc; llid). Wrath- 
ful, angry; inflamed. 

I. -.11 \\v (lliuaOj Hit';. To flow. 

DLiPDDwra (HifdGr \ liif-dor). A 
stream of water, ii torrent. 

Li,[ii:ii;rAXT (llifeireint; Uifer). A 

torrent ; an inundation. 
Llin (Ily-iii) A line, a lineage. 
Lutiikaw (llithr). To glide away; 

to Blip. 
Llithredeg (llithredie; llithred). 

Slippery; gliding. 
Luw ( Hi). Colour; form. 
Llong (Hog ; llwng). A ship. 
LlongWB (llogOr ; Uong-gwr). A 

ship-man; a sailor. 
Llonydd (llonyd ; llaAvn). Tran- 
quil, calm. 
Llosgedigaetii (Uosgedig). A 

burningj conflagration. 
Llosgfa (Uosgua; llosg). A burnt 

or burning place. 
Lr.osni (llosg). To burn ; to be 

burning. 
Llu. A ihrOUg ; ;iii army : a lio.it. 



LUJCHEDBN (lluchadrii ; Uuched). 

A Hash of lightning ; a tit of 

fever. 
I.i.i dw ( Hud). Ashes. 
Li. i x (llu-un). The moon. Dydd 

LI a a ; dies Lunai, Monday. 
Lluosoguwydd (lluossogrOyd ; llu- 

osawg). Multitude. 
Li.i kvcaavg (llurugaOc ; llnryg), 

Wearing a coat of mail, mailed. 
Llusgaav fllusg). To drag, to pull. 
Li.w. An oath. 
LLWTNOGAWL (lhvynog). Like a 

fox, foxy. 
Li.wvi: (llw-yr). Quite ; complete. 

\'n llwyr } utterly. 
Lltdan (lly-tan). Broad, wide. 
Li.yi Asu (llyuassu ; llyfas). To 

dare, or to attempt. 
Lr.vi r (llyuu; llyf). To lick with 

the tongue. 
Llyoad (llygat; 11 wg). The eye. 
Lly&RU (llwgr). To corrupt, to 

pollute, to spoil. 
Llyngcu (Uygku ; llwngc). To 

swallow. 
Li.ynges (Hygcs; llong). A fleet, 

a navy. 
Li.yxi;iiks\vi; (llyghesur ; Uynges= 

gwr). A navigator, a sailor. 
Li.yma (lly-ma). Lo here, behold. 
Llys (Uy-ys). A court ; a palace. 

Li.vnivn (llyth-yr ; L. litcra.) A 
letter. 

Li.vaviaav t HyOaO; llyw ). To guide; 
to rule, to govern. 

Li.ywiaavdr (HyOyaOdOr ; llywi- 
awd). A director ; a ruler. 

Llyavoih;ai;i'h (llywawdr). Go- 
vernment. 



LiLOSSAllY. 



107 



M. 

Mab I inii-ilb). A lioy ; a .son. 

Mai;.\\vi- (mab). Like a child; 

filial. 
Mvni (ma-ach). A bail, a surety. 

Maddau (madeo; madda). To dis- 
miss J to forgive. 

Maddeuant (niadenanl ; maddau). 
Forgiveness. 

M akn (ma-en). A stone. 

Maes (ma-es). A plain, a field. 
D m (maes-tir). Champaign 

land. 
.Maktu (my-acth). Cherishmcnt ; 
fosterage. Mab maeth ; foster 

boh. 
Magnel (maen). A warlike en- 
gine, a battering rain. 

Ma.m- (mag). To rear ; to breed. 
Mai (ma ; L. Mains). May. 
Main (mein ; nry-ain). Slender, thin. 
Maivt (meint ; main). Magnitude; 

quantity. 
Mai (my-al). Like ; as. 
Mam (ma-am). A mother. 
Man (my-an). A place, a spot. 
MARCH (my-arch). Ahorse. 
Mai;ciiaw<: (marchaOc; march). 

A horseman, a knight. 

Marchawolt] (niarehaOclu ; inarch- 
awg-llu). A mounted host ; ca- 
valry. 

Maeswe (mars-gwr). Marcher. 

MARW (mar). A dead one ; dead; 

to die. 
MaRWOL (marwj. Deadly; mortal. 
AlAinvoi.Ai.ni (marwol). Death ; 

0101 laliiy. 



Mawk (my-awr). Great, lai 
greatly. 

Mawrfrydig (maururydio ; mawr- 
fryd ). Magnanimous. 

Ma\yi;m;yi>i;\yi dd (maGrurydruyd ; 
mawrfryd). Magnanimity, 

MawivFiivius (maOrurydus ; mawr- 
fryd) = Mawrfrydig. 

Ma.wrha.ij (uiawr). To magnify. 

Mawrte (uwwr; L. Mars). March. 

Mawrwerthiawg (maurueirthaGc ; 
mawr-gwerthawg). Of great 

value. 

Mebtd (mebyt j mab). Childhood. 

MEDi(med). A reaping; September. 

Medr (medyrj med). Skill; capa- 
bility. 

Mi'.dim; (medr). To be able : to 
accomplish ; to lake aim ; to liii. 

Meddiannus (medyannus ; meddi- 
nnt). Possessive. 

Meddiant (medyant ; medd). Pos- 
session ; authority. 

Meddwi (medui ; meddw). To get 

drunk ; to make drunk. 
Mi:i)i>wi. (medOl ; medd). Mind ; 

to think ; to intend. 
Meddvi.iwv (mi.-dvlyaO ; nieddwl). 

= v. Meddwl. 
Me&ts (m< \s. like as. 

Meistr (meistyr j maist). A master. 
Mkitiiim.n (maeth-trin ). To nourii h, 

to rear. 

Mr.UN (nial ). A mill. 

Melyn (mel). Fellow 

M i i.i.'iK.v (nielli ). A lightening. 

Melldigedio (emelldigedic ; mell- 

diih. I., miih di< ins). Accuri ed. 
Mi.k.'h (iny-erch). A woman; a 

duughtei . 



108 



GLOSSARY. 



Mercuub (merchyr j march). Mer- 
cury. Dydd MerchuT; dies. Mer- 
eurii, Wednesday. 

Mesub (mes-ur). A measure ; a 
rule ; a metre. 

Mi..- 1 i: wv (mesur). To measure. 

Mewn (me-wn). Within, in. 

Mn. (my-il). A thousand. 

Mn.'ii (mil-ci). A grey-hound. 

Mn.i.Tin (mil- tir). A mile. 

Mis (my-is). A month. 

Modkyi; (modrup ; mod-rhyb). An 
mint. 

Mgdd (mod; my-od ; L. modus). 
A mode ; a form, or fashion. 

Moks (my-oes). Civility; manner. 

Mni'.i ins (moeth). Delicate ; nice ; 
dainty. 

Moi.iaxxis (molyannus ; moliant). 
Commendable. 

Moi.iaxkwydd (molyanrGyd ; moli- 
ant). Celebrity ; praieeworthi- 
ness. 

MiiLiAxr (molyaut ; mawl). Praise ; 
adoration. 

Mgr (mo-or). What i.s boundless ; 
the sea. 

Mo» (my-or). How, so, as. 

MORC. A mark. 

Moi:i»o.\ (mor-ton). Sea wave. 

Mordwyaw (mordwy). To sail. 

Mordw-ywr (mordwy-gwr). A 
sailor. 

Morddwyd (mordOyt ; mordd= 
gwyd). A thigh. 

Morgrug (raorgrue ; mor-erug). 

Ants. 
MoRTER (S. mortar). Mortar, 

crnii ut. 



Mihaw (mud). To remove; to 
change an abode. 

MllUmu-ur; L. niiinis). A wall, 
a rampart. 

Mwnai (mwnei ; mwn). Money, 
coin. 

MwNWdi. (mOnogyl; nwnwg). The 
neck. 

Mwyxwr (mwyn-gwr). A miner. 

Myi.k (mydyr ; myd). A metre. 

Myftr (myuyrj myr). Coutem- 
plation ; contemplative. 

Myxacii (inaiiach ; mwn ; L. 7)io- 
nachus). A monk. 

Mvxachlog (manachloc ; mynach= 
Jlog). A monastery. 

Myxkd (mwn-ed). To go ; to de- 
part. 

My'xegi (menegi ; mynag). To ex- 
press, to tell. 

Myxu (myn). To exercise the will; 
In seek; to insist; to will; to 
obtain. 

Myxwent (mynw ; L. monumrn- 
turn). A sepulchre ; a church- 
yard. 

Mynych (mwn). Frequent. 

Myxychu (mynych). To frequent 

Myxydd (mynyd; mwn). A moun- 
tain. 

N. 

Na=Nac. The former being used 
before consonant initials, the lat- 
ter before vowel initials. Nor ; 
neither ; cither. 

Nad (na). A conditional negative. 
That ; that not. 

Nadoi.k; (L. natalis). Christmas; 
the Nativity. 



GLOSSARY. 



400 



Nai (nei ; na). A nephew. 
Namvn (nam). Except; but. 
Nant (nan). A hollow formed by 

water ; a ravine ; ;i brook. 
Xwv (nv-aw). Nino. 

Nawcamt (naw-cant). Nine hun- 
dred. 
Xawdd (nawd ; naw). Refuge ; 

patronage ; privilege. 
Nawfed (naOet ; naw-med). Ninth. 
>'i:m:s (neg-es). An errand ; l.u- 

Xi'.ii'i.vw (ncidyaG ; naid). To 
leap. 

Nr.ii.i.DU (naill-tu.) One of two 
sides ; one side. 

Nkktii (ner). Might ; strength ; 
aid. 

NebthoccATJ (nerthoekau ; ncrth- 
awg). To strengthen. 

Nkhtih' (nerth). To strengthen. 

NESAF (nes). Nearest. 

Nf.wid (new). A change; cheap- 
ness. 

NBWTDD (neOyd; new). New. 

Nbwyddeb (ne6yder ; newydd). 
Newness. 

Nkwyv (ne-gwyn). Hunger ; fa- 
mine. 

Nn> (nyt ; ny-id). Not. 

NlFEB (niucr ; nif). A number ; 
a host. 

Nrni (ny-ith). A niece. 

Niwliawg (nyClaGc; niwl). Misty. 

No=Noc ; the former being used 
before consonant initials, the lat- 
ter before vowel initials. Than. 

NonDFA (nodna ; nawdd-ma). A 
place of refuge; a sanctuary , 

Noetii (ny-oeth). Naked. 



Nos (ny-os). Night. 

Nosawl (nos). Nightly; nocturnal. 

Nus\v,\mi (nosOeith ; nos-gwaith). 

A certain night-. 
Noswvi. (nos-gwyl ). Evej a vigil. 

Notaedig (uotaedic; nawd ). Usual ; 
accustomed. 

NOVENNALIS. See Dl".( l.M. 

Nyciia (nachaf ; na-ycha). Be- 
hold ! lo ! 
Nychdawd (nychdaOt ; nych). A 

lingering disorder; a pining 
away ; a consumption. 



(I. 



0. From ; of, out of; by. 
Oddivna (odyna ; oddi-yna). From 

there ; from thence. 
Odpivno (odyno; oddi-yno). From 

there ; from thence — speaking of 

a distant place or time. 
Oed (oet ; o-ed). Age ; a delay ; 

a day of assignation. 
OEDRAN (oet ran ; oedj. Age. 
OeS (o-cs). A period of time ; an 

age ; life. 
Ofek (of-er). Vain; useless. 
Okn (ofyn; of-yn). Fear, or dread. 
Ofnawg (ofnaOc j ofn). Timid; 

fearful. 
Ofniiau (ofynhan; ofh). To be- 
come fearful; 10 render fearful. 
Offeikiad (offeirat ; offer). A 

]>riest. 
Offeren (offeren; offer). Mass. 

OfFRYMU Coflrymad ; offrwui). To 

offer; to sacrifice. 
Ol.. A mark, trace ; the rear. 



410 



GLOSSARY. 



( )u:\v (ol-ew ; L. oleum). Oil. 
Oil. Ali; tin; whole of. 
On en (on). An ash tree. 



P. 

Pa. What; which. 

Pab (pa-ab; L. papa). A father; 

the pope. 
Pabell (pab-ell). A tent. 
Pa i. (S. pay). A pay ; wage. 
Pagan I L.paganus). A pagan. 
Paladr (paladyr j palad). A ray ; 

:i Bhafi ; a pole. 

I'ai.i (pal). Sal in ; velvet. 

I'Ai.i.f (pall). To i'uil ; to cease ; 
to perish. 

Pan- (pa-yn). When; whence; 
. ince : for which cause. 

PABAWD (paraut; par). Ready ; 
prepared. 

Pa i:« itti >i (parawd). To prepare. 

Paiith (par). A part; a division ; 
a division ; a region. 

Parthbed (parthret : parth). Dis- 
tinction; aside; a party. 

Paso (pasc ; II. nDD)- 'P ,1C P a8s_ 
ovcr, Easter. 

Pe. If. 

l'l-.iivi.i.iAw (pabell). To pitch 

frill !. 

pEBYLi,u=PebyHaw. 

l'l.riiAwi) (pechaut ; pech ; L. 

pi centum.) Sin. 
ri.i'W.u; (pet6ar; ped-gwar). Four. 
Pedwabgwr (petwarg&r ; pedwar= 

gwr). Four men. 
Pedwertdd (pet&eryd ; pedwar). 

fourth, 



I'l.i.vi) (pi-dyl; pedj L. pedes). The 

fool ; i!i'' infantry. 
Peidiaw (peidyaG; paid). Tocease, 

to desist. 
Pi.ikiant (par). An instrument, 

or tool. 
Pell (py-ell). An extreme limit ; 

far. 
Pen (py-en). An extremity, end; 

the head ; a chief ; a summit ; 

.supreme. 
Pknadur (penad). A sovereign. 
Pesaetii (pen). A chieftain. 
Penafdur (penaf). Chief-i 
Penctnghorwb (penkyghorOr ; 

pen-cynghorwr). Chief counsel- 

Jor. 
Pengocii (pen-coch). Bed-headed. 
Pengbych (pen-crych.) Rough- 
headed ; curly-headed. 
Penllongwr (penllogOr ; pen= 

llong-gwr). Head sailor ; cap- 
lain of a ship. 
Pr.xvD (penyt ; pan). Penance. 
Pkkerin (per-er). A pilgrim. 
Pererindawd (pererindaOt; percr- 

in). Pilgrimage. 
Pererlmaw (pererinaO; pererin). 

To go on a pilgrimage. 
Pereedd (pcrucd; per-medd). The 

middle region ; the bowels. 
Pebfeaith (perffeith ; per-ffaith : 

L. perfectus). Perfect. 
Peri (par). To cause; lo hid. 
Perllan (per-llan). An orchard. 
Person (per-son ; L. persona). A 

person. 
Pi in! (py-erth). A thorn hush. 
Pj-.kx.i. (perigl ; perig ; L. peri- 

culum ). Peril, danger. 



ULOSSAltY. 



■HI 



Pbbyglo (periglu ; peryg). To 
endanger ; to become dangerous. 

1'ktii (py-eth). A thing. 
PBfONTDB (pcunyd ; pac-dydd). 

Daily, every day. 
Piat (pieu ; pi). To own, to 

nOSSCSS. 

l'li.ii'OD (pieuot ; piau-bod). To 
lie possessed of. 

Pla (py-Ha). A plague. 

Plant (plan). Children. 

I'l.irn (py-llith). Tlie state of 
being blended or amongst. 

Pi/nvyf (plwy ; L. plebs). A 
complete body of people ; a par- 
ish; a diocese. 

Pob (po). Each, every. 

Pobl (pobyl ; pawb). A people. 

Pont (pon). A bridge. 

POBFA (porua; pawr-ma). Pasture. 

PORPHORAWL (porffbrol ; porphor). 
Purple. 

POBTH (por). Support; provision; 
a passage ; a porch, or gateway ; 

8 ferry. 

Portiiawr (porth). A porter. 

Portiha (portb.ua ; porth-ma). A 
port, a harbour. 

Poirrnr (porth). To aid ; to pro- 
vide with food. 

Portiimon (porth-mon). A dealer 
in provisions; a drover; a porter. 

PoatffWB (porth-gwr). A sup- 
porter ; a porter ; a provision er \ 
a ferry-m an. 

I'kai t (pra). Large, thick. 

Prelatj (prelat). A prelate, a 
bishop. 

Pken (pre). A < roc. 

Piuoswvi.iAW (preswyl). To dwell, 
i" reside. 



Priawd (priaOt ; pri). Peculiar, 

proper; a married per80n. 
1'iiik (pri). The first day cf the 

new moon ; the golden number •. 
prime ; principal. 
Priodawx (priawd). Appropriate \ 

peculiar: legitimate: married. 

PlllODl (priawd). To marry. 

PaiODOLDER (priodawl). Appro- 
priateness ; property ; the right 
or title to a thing. 

PrOFEDIG (pruuedic ; prawf). 

Proved, approved. 
Puofi (prawf). To prove j to try. 
Prophwydaw (ppoffDydaO ; proph- 

wyd). To prophesy. 
Pbophwydowaeth (proffOytol- 

yaeth ; prophwydawl). A pro- 
phecy. 

Pruddedd (pruded ; prudd). Dis- 
creetness; sadness. 

Puvd (pryt). Time ; the favour of 
the countenances an aspect; a) <> 
comeliness, beauty. 

Pryder (prw). Anxiety, solici- 
tude. 

Prydkru (pryder). To be anxious; 
to consider. 

Prydnawn (prytnaOn; pryd-nawn). 
Afternoon. 

Prvdvdd (prydyd; pryd). A port. 

Prtf (pry). A worm; a vermin. 

Pinwi; (pryu). To buy; to n 

I'tMi'.D (pumet; pump-med). Fifth. 

Pump (pum). Five. 

Pint (pun). A pound. 

PWT (pw). Who, what. 
Pwviii (pwy-ylh). A point ; a re- 
taliation. 

Pt. What, which. 



-112 



GLOSSARY. 



1'vj.gain (pylgein; pwl-cain). The 
morning twilight ; matins. 

Pymtheg (pymthec ; pump-deg). 
Fifteen. 

Pymthegfed (pymthecuel ; pym- 
theg-med). Fifteenth. 

Pvnag (pynac; py nag). Soever. 

Pysgawd (pyscaht; pysg). Fish. 

PlTTHEFXOS ' pvt hi'Onos ; pymtheg= 

no.-). A fortnight. 

R. 

IviiAD (rat ; rha-ad). Grace, fa- 
vour ; a blessing ,• free ; gratui- 
tous ; cheap. 

Rhag (rac). A front ; a van ; be- 
fore ; from ; for ; lest. 

RhagawD (ragot ; rhag). Togo 
before; to prevent; to go against ; 
to stop, to hinder. 

Rbagixdtwedyd (racdyOedyt ,• 

rhag-dywedyd). To predict. 

RhAGFLAEND (raculaenu ; rhag- 
llaeu). To anticipate. 

Rhagfyk (racuyr ; rhag-hyr). De- 
cember. 

RhAGOBI (ragori ; rliagor). To 
surpass, lo excel. 

Riiagweledigaetii (racOeledig- 
acth j rhagweled). Foresight; 
providence. 

Riiai (rei ; rha). Sonic. 

Riiaid (reit ; rha-id). Necessity ; 
it is necessary. 

Rhan (ran ; rha). A part ; divi- 
sion. 

Riiam (rami ; rhan). To part, to 
divide ; to distribute. 

RlIAWN (r;i(m ; rhy-awn). The hair 
of a horse's tail. 



RHEDEG (redec; rhed). To run. 
RheOLWB (reolOr ; rlieol). A ruler. 

Rhieni (rieni ; rhiant). Parents. 
Rhif (i if ; rhi-if). A number. 
Rhikwedd (rinded ; rhin). Virtues 

a sacrament. 
Rhobd (rod; rho). A gift. 
Riioddi (rodi ; rhodd). To give. 
RiiUTiiit (rutliyr ; rhuth). A rush] 

an assault. 
Rhuthkaw (ruthraO ; rhuthr). To 

rush ; to attack. 
Iviiw.ng (rOg ; rhy-wng). Between. 
Rhwymedig (ruy medic ; rliwyin). 

Bound, obliged. 
Rhv. Excess ; excessively. Also 

a verbal particle. 
Riiyd (ryt ; rhy-yd). A passage ; 

a ford. 
Rhydd (ryd ; rhy-ydd). Free. 
Rhi'Ddiiau (rydau ; rhydd). To 

free, to set at liberty. 
RiiYDDiD (rydit ; rhydd). Liberty; 

immunity ; licence. 
Rhtfedd (ryued ; rhy-medd). 

Wonderful, strange. 
Rhyfeddu (ryuedu ; rhyfedd). To 

wonder. 
Riiyfel (ryuel ; rhy-bel). War. M 

warfare. 
Rhyfela (ryuela; rhyfel). To war, 

to wage war. 
Riiyfelwh (ryuelOr; rhyfel-gwr). 

A warrior. 
Riiyfygu (ryuygu ; rhyfyg). To 

presume; to act arrogantly. 
Riiyxgu (rygu, regi ; rhwng). To 

intervene ; to content. 
RiiY\v(ryu; rhy-yw). A kind; a 

sex ; some. 



GLOSSARY. 



413 



S. 

Sadwrh (sad-gwrn ; L. Saturnus). 

Saturn. Dydd Sadwrn ; dies Sa- 

turni, Saturday. 
S \ i: ri i (sa-aetli). An arrow. 
Saktiivdi) (saethyd ; saeth). An 

livelier. 

Sai in (seith ; sa-ith). Seven. 
Saxt (san; L. scmctus). A saint. 
Saxtioidduwydi) (sancteidr&yd ; 

Bantaidd). Holiness. 
Sahhai) (saraat ; stirhau). An in- 
sult; a reproach. 
Saiuial - (sar). To insult; to affront. 
Satiiui" (sathr). To tread ; to 

trample. 
Sathrwb (sathr-gwr). A treader; 

:i trampler. 
Si'.i'Vi.i. (seuyll ; saf). A standing; 

to stand. 
m.:,ii; (cur; L. securus). Void of 

trouble; idle. 
Seiliaw (sail). To found ; to lay 

a foundation. 
Seithfed (seithuet ; saith-med). 

Seventh. 
Senedd (sened ; sen ; L. senalus). 

A senate ; a synod. 
SENESGAL (synyscul). A seneschal. 
Skntkns ( L. sentential). A sentence. 
Seres (ser). A star. 
Siakt (siartyr ; L. charta). A 

charter. 
Son (sy-or). Sullenness ; sullen. 
SitKi (<()V). To chafe; to displease; 

to become displeased ; to grow 
sullen. 

Sli. (su-ul ; 1,. sol). The sun. 
Dydd Si// • dies Sol is. Sunday. 



Sri.cwv.N (sul-gwyn). Whitsunday. 
SWLLT (swll ). Ashillingj money; 

treasure. 
Swm (sump ; sw-wm.) A sum. 
Sw.mku (swm). A sumpter horse. 
Swvdd (sOyd; swy). Office; shire. 
Swvddawg (sOydaOc ; swydd). An 

officer. 
SYBERW (syher). Stalely ; eour- 

teous ; haughty ; elegant. 
Sv, iidwi; (sych). Drought. 
SYMSfOT) (sy-mud). To move ; to 

remove. 

Svm.mi : DAW=:Syninniil. 
Svxwvi; (syn-gwyr). Sense. 
Syktiiiaw (syrtliyaO ; syrth). To 
fall. 

T. 

Taciiwkdi) (tachOed: tach-gwodd). 
November. 

Tad (lat ; la-ad). A father. 
Tadawi. (tail). Fatherly. 

Tadmaeth (tad-maeth). A foster 
lather. 

Tafawd (tauaOt ; taf). A tongue. 

Tagedig (tagedic ; tag). Stran- 
gled, ehoked. 

T.\<;t; (tag). To strangle, to choke, 

Tangnefedd (tagneued ; tangnef). 

Celestial tranquillity ; peace. 

Tangnefeudus (tagneuedus). 

Tranquil. 

Taii: (ta-ir). Three, of t he femi- 
nine gender. 

Taj. (ta-al). Pay ; reward, 

Tai.m (falym ; tal). A while. 

Tall' (tal). To pay : to reward : 

to he worth. 

Tan (I a- an). A fire. 



41 4- 



CiLOSSARY. 



Tarak (tar). A thunder. 

Takaw (tar). To strike. 

Taim.w (tar). A Bfaield. 

TBBrao Mel.yg). To render simi- 
lar ; to compare ; to presume ; 
to conjecture. 

Teg (tec j tc-eg). Fair 5 beauti- 
ful 

TegwCH (teg). Fairness ; beauty ; 
fine weather. . 

Tf.ilwno (teilug ; tal-wng). Wor- 
thy ; merited. 

Ti:ii.yn<,i>a\vi> (teilygdaut j tcil- 
wng). .Merit, worthiness. 

Tf.ik.mii. (t air-mil). Three thou- 
sand. 

Teibnos (tair-nos). Three nights. 

'I'iianawi: (lelyn). A harpist. 

Tk.ml (leinyl ; tern ; L. templum). 
A temple. 

Ti.Kivx (leruyn ; terfj L. termi- 
nus). An extremity ; a limit. 

Tekfynedig (teruynedic ; tcrfyn). 
Limited ; ended. 

Tkrfyxf (teruynu ; terfyn). To 
determine, to end. 

Tkkfvnwk (teruynDrj terryn-gwr). 
One who concludes ; a boundary 
man. 

TerptSG (teruyse; ter-mysg). Con- 
fuBion ; tumult. 

Terfysgtj (teruyscu ; terfysg). To 
raise a tumult ; to become tu- 
multuous. 

Tebfysgus (teruysgns ; terfyzg). 
Tumultuous. 

Teewtn (ter-gwyn). Ardent ; 
strong. 

TeSAWG (tesa(tC 5 tes). Sunny; hot. 

T 1.1 1.1 (lau-llu). A family ; a 
clan. 



Tkyrxas (tcyrn). A kingdom. 
Tetrnged (nyrnget; teyrn-ced). 

A tribute. 
Tie (ty-ir). Land ; earth. 
Tj.awo (tlaOt j tylawd). Poor. 
Ton (Jem. of Twn). A wave. 
Torf (toryf, torof ; tor). A crowd ; 

a multitude ; a host. 
Torri (tor). To break ; to cut ; 

to become broken. 
Tra (ty-rha). Beyond ; whilst. 
Traciiefx (tracheuyn ; tra-cefn). 

Behind the back j again. 
Tbaeth (tra-eth ; L. tractus). A 

tract ; shore, strand. 
Traetiiu (traeth). To treat, to 

relate. 
Tragywyddawl (tragyuydatil ; 

tragywydd). Eternal. 
Traiiaus (traha). AiTogant ; 

haughty. 
Tkaian (traean 5 fcri). The third 

part. 
Trais (treis ; tra-is). Violence ; 

oppression. 
Tramor (tra-mor). Transmarine ; 

foreign. 
Tranoeth (tra-noeth). The day 

after ; the next morning. 
Trasyched (tra-syched). Extreme 

drought. 
Tbaul (treul ; tra-ul). Waste; 

expense, charge, or disburse- 
ment. 
Traws (tra). Adverse ; cross. 
Trech (tre-ech). Of superior 

power. 
Tree (tee). A dwelling place ; a 

homestead ; a township; a town. 



< ; I .< ISSABY. 



41 5 



TrEFTAD (tref-tad). Patrimony ; 

heritage. 
Treilliaw (traill). To turn ; to 

roll ; to lravor.sc ; to dredge. 
Tiii'.MYi; (tremyc ; tram). Con- 

templ j disparagement. 
Ti:ioivi;i ( fcremyg). To contemn ; 

to slight. 
Tkktii (tre-eth). Rate, or tax ; 

tribute. 
Tebulgwaxth (trcilgOeith ; traul- 

gwaith). A certain day. 
Tin (ty-rhi). Three. 
Tkkiiant (trycliant ; tri-cant). 

Three hundred. 
Tkiihu (tridieu j tri-diau). Three 

days. 
TriGAW (trig). To stay ; to tarry ; 

to starve. 
Tbisx (ty-rhist; L. tristis). Sad; 

.sorrowful. 
Timstiiat (trist). To become sad ; 

to sadden. 
Tristvp ( 'trisiyt ; trist). Sadness, 

or sorrow. 
Tboed (troet ; tro). A foot. 
Troednqeth (troed-noeth). Bare- 
foot ed. 
Taos (tro-os). Over; for; instead of. 
' tros). To turn out; to send 

over; to move onward. 
Ti:oTii\vv (troth). A threshold. 

Truan (iruj. Wretched, miserable. 

'I'imkxi (truan). Misery. 

Tim lain (trugein; tri-ugain). 
Sixty. 

TrugabawG (trugar). Merciful. 

Trugaredd (trugared ; trugar). 
-Mercy. 

Trugarhau (trugar). To be mer- 
ciful, to commiserate. 



Tinvv (trw). Through ; by. 
Tkvciii (trwch). To cut; to lop. 
Teydydd (irydyd; tryd-ydd). 

Third. 
Tu. A side, a part. 
Twi.i. (tw-wll). A hole, a pit. 
Tyvno (tt»gj ty-wng). A plight, an 

oath ; a pledge of homage : a 

yearly acknowledgment, due l" 
the lord of the soil, according to 
the Welsh laws. Also a certain 
ration of corn due from the te- 
nant to the landlord. 

Twit (tw-wr). A heap ; :i tower. 

TWTLL (twy). Deceit, fraud. 

TwTLLAW (twyll). To deceive -. to 
cheat. 

Twyli.odrus (twyllawdr). Deceit- 
ful; fraudulent; crafty. 

Ty. A house. 

Tvi'.l.VW (tybyad; 1 y 1 > > . To suppose. 

Ttciaw (twg). To prosper, to 
sueceed. 

TYFD (twf). To grow; to cause to 

grow. 
Ttnqedfen (tyghetucn ; tynged= 

men). Fate, destiny. 
Tvngu (tygu ; twng). To swear, 

to adjure. 
Tvi.w'VTii (ty-llwylh). A house- 
hold, a family ; a tribe. 
Tv.vtiii.s'ii. (tymhestylj tymhest; L. 

tempestas). A Btorm, a tempest. 
Tymhestlawi ( iyinhe.-tl). Stormy, 

tempestuous. 
Tvnni: (tyn). To pull; to draw. 
TvsTioi.AKTii (tystyolaeth ; tyst- 

iawl). Testimony. 
TtwOD (tyOaOt; tyw). Sand. 
TvWYSAW<; (ty'iy— a''e: lyw , 

prince, a leader. 



410 



OLOSSART. 



i;. 

I Fch ("ych). Higher. 

I'r in.i.i.i'.K (uchel). Loftiness, 
height. 

Qchelwb (uchel-gwr). A gentle- 
man; a freeholder. 

QCHOD (uchot ; ucli). Abovo. 

I'm i»» (uiud ; uf-ydd). Humble, 
obedient. 

{'i riniii.vu (ufudhau ; ufudd). To 
obey. 

[JaAiN (agein ; ug). Twenty. 

[JoAisa (ugeint) zz Ugain. 

X J » ; l : i x I-" i". D (ugain-med). Twentieth. 

Ux. One. 

Unfed (unuel ; an-med). First. 

I'mawn (an-iawn). Right ; just. 

En'wkdduu) God ; un-gwedd). Si- 
milar ; alike. 

I'ki.ivwv (urdaG ; urdd). To or- 
dain ; to graduate. 

UltDDASAWG (urdassaOo ; urddas). 
A dignitary. 

Urddawl (urdaDl ; urdd). Digni- 

licl ; honourable. 

w. 

Wkdi (wedy ; gwedi). After ; 

afterwards. 
Wrth (wr). Close to ; by ; with ; 

compared with ; while. 
YYyi.aw (wyl). To wail, to weep. 
Wylofus (wylof). Wailing; doleful. 
Wvnki; iwyn-eb). A face. 
Wvr (wy-yr). A grandson. 
WYTH (wy yth). Eight. 

W'v nil i.D (wytli-med), Eighth. 
Wytiixos (wyth-nos). A week. 



Y. 

Y. The, being used before conso- 
nant Initials. It is also a verbal 

particle. 

Yen. An ox. 

Yohydig (ychydic ; cyd). A little ; 
a few. 

Yd. A verbal particle, answering 
to it, that, doth. 

Yd. Corn. 

Y .ma daw (gadaw). To depart ; 
mutually to leave. 

Ymadkawdd (yrnadraGd; adrawdd). 
Discourse; a sentence. 

Ymadkoddwu (ymadrodGr ; ymad- 
rawdd-gwr). A diseourser. 

Ymaith (ymcith ; maith). Hence. 
away. 

Y.mai:iai;i in- (yniaruaethu ; ymar- 
faeth). To form a design. 

Ymarfoll (ymaruoll ; arfoll). To 
receive one another ; to confede- 
rate. 

YMARFOLLi=Ymarfoll. 

Ymf.arottoi (parottoi). To pre- 
pare one's self. 

Ymijortii (porth). Sustenance, 
support. 

Ymchweltd (ymclnvel). To return. 

Ymdaitii (ymdeith ; taith). A jour- 
ney. 

YttDDANGOS (ymdagos ; dangos). 
To appear. 

Ymddiddan (ymdidan j diddan). To 
converse. 

Ymddifad (ymdiuat ; difad). Des- 
titute ; fatherless or motherless. 

Ymddiffyx (ymditfyn ; diffyn). A 
defence ; to defend, to protect. 



GLOSSARY. 



41 



Ymi'DIKH-!' (vmdiret ; diried). Mu- 
t u :il dependence ; confidence ; in 
trust. 

Vmi>i)ikii:ih's (yindiredus ; ym- 
ddiried). Confiding. 

Xmddyrchafael (ynidyrchauacl ; 
dyrchafael). A self-exalting ; to 
exall one's self ; to exalt mutually. 

Ymknvx (vincii). Butter. 

Ymi i:i;v\r (erbynu). To lie in 
opposition ; to receive mutually. 

V'.,m.\v (eadw). To keep one's 
self; t'» refrain, to forbear. 

Y.\n;r.i;Yi»m- (ymgerydu ; ymger- 
ydd). To self rebuke j to repre- 
hend mutually. 

Tmgkedu (ymgred). To enter into 
mutual belief; to give mutual 
pledge. 

Ymouddiatv (ymgudyao ; ymgudd). 
To hide one's self; to hide mu- 
tually. 

YMOvriYMni'.mi'.HVAU (ymgedym- 
dcifhoekau ; ynigydyinaith). To 
accompany, to participate. 

Ymcvi aim on (ymgyuaruofc j cyfar- 
i'i.'I i. To meet. 

Ym.jvi t.ii.i.iayv (ymgyucillad ; ym- 

gyfaill). To enter into friendship. 
Ymoykkukdina-w (ymgynredin). 

To intercommunicate. 
YMfivxrjiroKi (ymgyghori ; eyng- 

hori). 'I'o consult mutually ; to 

(•(insult one's sell'. 
Ymo ym dkiti i i a av( ynigedymdei t had : 

ymgydymaeth). To associate. 
Ymuynnai. (cynnal). Selfsuppori ; 

to support one's self. 
Vmi.ai.i. (ymlad ; lladd). A battle; 
to fight. 



Si* mi. a one, ah t'yinladgar ; ymladd 
car). Addicted to lighting ; pug- 
nacious. 

Y'mi.aiu'wk (ymladOrj yinladd-gwr). 
A tighter. 

Y.mi.ii) (vinlil ; Hid). A pursuit ; 
to pursue. 

Ymliw (lliw). A reproach ; to re- 
proach, to find fault, to expostu- 
late. 

Ymi.ym' (glynu). To cling : t<> ad- 
here. 

Ymosgrtn (ymoscryn ; gosgryn). 
To concuss mutually ; to give a 
shock. 

YnosGRYxc=Ymosgryn. 
Ymputd (ymprytj pryd). A fast. 
Y'^ii'kyiuaw (ymprydyaO; ympryd). 

To fast. 
Ymroddi (ymrodt ; rhoddi). To 

resign one's self; io surrender. 

YmRWXMAW (rhwyinaw). To hind 

one's self, to engage. 
Y.Mim>DiiAU (ymrydhaii : rhydd- 
hau). To liberate one's self. 

Ymkyson (rhyson). Mutual dis- 
pute ; conteiilion ; to dispute. 

YM3A.TSTHT3 (sarthu). To sllOOl liui- 
tually. 

Ymwki.KD (ymtielet ; gweled). A 
visitation ; to visit 

YmWISGAW (gwisgaw). To dress 
one r s sell'. 

YMWNEUB(ym6neut; gwneud). To 
have to do ; to interfere. 

YMWRTHLADD (yintirthlad ; gwrlh- 
ladd ). Self opposition ; to <>p- 
pOB6 one's self. 

Y.mwuthoi) (yin'rihot ; gwrthod). 
To renounce. 

n n 



418 



QLOSSAJtY. 



y.\m. (byl). 8ide ; a margin ; a 

brim. 
Yx. In, at ; in the way of; for, 

for the use of 5 into, 
(yn-a). There; then. 
D (yiniyt ; yn-myd). A foolj 

foolish. 
Ywi ( v.-n). Energy ; vigour. 
Y\r\r (yntea ; wm-tau). Him also. 
Ynvs (wn-ys). An inland. 
Yn. The. Used before vowel 

initials. 
Ysbtttx (ysbyd-ty ; L. hospitium). 

A hospital. 
Ym;i.vi aktii (yselyoaeth ; ysglyf). 

Depredation. 

<l). A ladder ; u school. 
Ysgolhaig (ysgolheic ; ysgol). A 

scholar. 

YSGRIFENEDIG (yscriuenedic ; ys- 
grifen). Written. 

iv (ys-crin). A shrine. 

Ysgrubl (yscrybyl ; crubl). A 
beast. 

Tsoubawb (yscubaOr ; ysgub). A 
barn. 

Ysgyhoton (ys-cymmun). Excom- 
municate ; accursed. 
Ysgymkundawd (yscymundaOt ; 
ysgymmun). Excommunication. 

YsGTNtJ (ysgyn). To ascend, lo 

mount. 



YsiG \w fysi«r). To bruise. 
Yspail (yspeil ; ys-pail ; L. spo- 

I'm hi ). A spoil, or prey. 
Yspelliaw (yspeilaG ; yspail). To 

spoil ; to ravaj 
Ybpiwh (yspio-gwr). A spy. 
Ybpryd (yspryt ; ys-pryd ; L. spi- 

ritus). A spirit, a ghost. 
YsPRTDAWL (ysprytaOl ; yspryd). 

Spiritual. 
Ystafbll (ystauell ; ystaf). A 

chamber, a room. 
Y.-iAWi. ( lawlj. A stool. 
Ysteki.im; (ysterlig ; S. sterling). 

Sterling. 

YSTIWARD (ysti6art ; S. steward). 

A steward. 

Ystiw aki'AKth (ystiOerdaeth ; ys- 
tiward). Stewardship. 

Ysn.vs (ystyl). A Bide, a flank. 

Ysi«»M)ai;i» ( S. standard). A stan- 
dard. 

Ystoria (ystoryaj ysdawrj L. 
Itistoria). A story, history. 

YsiMi.MAW (ystor). To store, to 
treasure up. 

Ystrad (ystrat ; ys-trad). A flat, 
a vale formed by the cours* 
river. 

Ystryw (ys-tryw). Subtilty; 

stratagem ; a trick. 
YSTWTLL (ys-twyll). Epiphany. 



IN I) EX. 



D l) 2 



INDEX. 



A. 

[77/e references are to the Welsh pages 
only.'] 

Aber, dame Joan, daughter of king Jolin, 
and wife of Llywelyn, son of 
Ionverth, dies at the court of, 324. 

David, son of Llywelyn, dies at, 332. 
Aberavan, the castle of, burnt by Mared- 
udd and Rhys, sons of Gruffudd, 
182. 
Aber Cavwy, Bledri, son of Cedivor, 
appointed to keep the castle of 
Robert the Crookhandecl at, 126. 
/.berconway, Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 
son of Owain, dies at, after taking 
the religious habit, 254. 

Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, insulted 
by king John's men in the new 
castle of, 270. 

llowel, son of Gruffudd, son of 
Cynan, dies and is buried at, 294. 

Llywelyn, son of Maelgwn, buried 
at, 318. 

Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, buried at, 
326. 

David, son of Llywelyn, buried at, 332. 

the abbot of, obtains permission of 
king Henry to have the body of 
Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, 334. 

the body of Gruffudd, son of Llyw- 
elyn, conveyed to, 334. 
Aber Corran, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
takes possession of the castle of, 234. 



Aberdaron, Gruffudd, son of Rhys, Hies 

for sanctuary to thf church of, 122. 

Aber Dyvi, (or Aberdovey,) Cadwgan and 

Owain lice to a ship at, 68. 

Owain and Cadwalader, sons of Gruf 

fudd, son of Cynan, with confederate 

princes, draw up their troops at, 158. 

Rhys, son of Gruffudd, comes to, 

with an army, to give battle to 

Owain Gwyncdd, 184. 

Roger, earl of Clare, stores the castle 

of, L90. 
partition of land at, between Maelgwn, 
son of Rhys, and Rhys the Hoarse 
and others, 288. 
Abereinion, the castle of, constructed by 

Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 262. 
Aberfraw, devastated, 24. 
Abergavenny, the castle of, obtained 
through treachery by Seisyll and 
others from the men of king Henry 
II., 218. 
Seisyll, son of Dyvnwai, slain in the 
castle of, through treachery of the 
lord of Brecheiniog, 226. 
the castle of, taken by Robert de 

Bruse, 282. 
reduced by Rickert Marshall and 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, 320. 
Abergeleu, lonathal, prince of, dies, 12. 
Aber Gwyli, battle of, between Llywelyn, 
son of Seisyll, and Rein the Scot; 
the latter defeated, 86. 
Aberhodni, Trahaiarn the Little, of Brech- 
einiog, is killed at, 25W. 
Liken by Giles dc Druse, 282. 



122 



INDEX. 



A-berhodni 

attacked by Llywelyn, son of Ior- 

wertb, 298. 
the men of, make peace -with Llyw- 

elyn, 300. 
burnt by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 

318. 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, fights 
against the castle of, 320. 
Aber Llech, the French cut oil at, by 
the sons of Idnerth, son of Cadw- 
gan, 58. 
Aber Lliennog, the French encamp and 

build a castle at, 60. 
Aberllychwr, the castle of, burnt by 
Maredudd and Rhys, sons of Gruf- 
fudd, son of Rhys, 180. 
Abermcnai, Cadwalader, son of Gruffudd, 
lands at, defending himself against 
his brother Owain, 164. 
Madog, prince of Powys, comes in 
ships to, 186. 
Aber Miwl, the barn of, burnt by John 
.Strange, on account of a great 
slaughter which had taken place in 
it. 350. 
Aber Mynyw, burnt by Rickert Marshal] 
and Owain, son of Gruffudd, 320. 
Aber Nedd and Aberdovey, the French 
from between, oppose Owain and 
Cadwalader, sons of Gruffudd, with 
their confederates, 158. 
Aber Rheidiol, the castle of, dismantled 
and burnt by Rhys, son of Gruf- 
fudd. 198. 
Aberrhiw, divided between Owain, son of 
Cadwgan, and Maredudd, son of 
Blcddyn, 112. 
Abertawy. a castle near to, attacked by 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys, belonging 
to Henry Beaumont, 122. 
the castle of, repaired by John do 
Brose, 310. 
Aberteivi, ravaged by Ilowel and ('yuan. 
sons (if Owain, 166. 
the walls and the castle of, attacked 

b) Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 202. 
ill castle of, rebuilt by Rhys, son 
of Gruffudd, 212. 



Aberteivi — rout. 

grand festival held in the castle of 

by Rhys, boh of Gruffudd, 
taken by Maelgwn, son of 111.- 
Maelgwn, son of Rhys, swears to 

deliver the castle of, to Gruffudd, 

his brother, 254. 
is sold by Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 

t<> the English, 254. 
the castle of, subjugated by Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, and his 

allies, 288. 
the castle of, allotted to young Rhys 

and owain, sons of Gruffudd, son 

Of Rhys, 290. 
put under the custody of Llywelm 

son of Iorwerth, 304. 
relinquished by Llywelyn, son of 

Iorwerth, in favour of young Rhys, 

308. 
the castle of, delivered up to William 

Marshall, 312. 
burnt by Maelgwn, son of Maelgwn, 

318. 
the burgesses of, slain, 318. 
the bridge of, broken down, 318. 
the English send Walter Marshall to 

fortify, 328. 
Aber Torran, the castle of, destroyed by 

Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 344. 
Aber Tywi, battle of, between Howel, son 

of Edwin, and Gruffudd, son of 

Llywelyn ; the latter victorious, 40. 
Aberystwyth, expedition of Gruffudd, son 

of Rhys, against the castle of, 130. 
the castle of, burnt by Owain and 

Cadwalader, sons of Gruffudd, 

son of ('yuan, 158. 
a castle at, belonging to Cadwalader, 

son of Gruffudd, burnt by Ilowel, 

son of Owain, 164. 
the town and castle of, subjugated by 

Maelgwn, son of Rhys, son of 

Gruffudd, 250. 
abundance offish at, 2f>2. 
burnt by Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 262. 
repaired by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 

262. 



INDEX. 



428 



Aberystwyth— eont. 

a castle at, built by Fonlko forking 

John, 27n. 
demolished by Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 

and lihys the Hoarse. 270. 
delivered up to Llywelyn, son of 

Iorwerth, 286. 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and his 
army, obtain possession of the 
castle of, 308. 
Edmund, the king of England's brother, 

begins to build a castle at, 368. 
taken and burnt by Grufludd, son 
of Maredudd, and Rhys, son of 
Maelgwn the Little, 372. 

Abloee, the sons of, devastate Gaer Gybi 
and Lleyu, 24. 

Abloyc, king. 'lies. 2U. 

Abraham, assumes the bishopric of Mc- 
ncvia, 50. 
his death, 50. 

Abraham, bishop of Llanehi v, dies, 320. 

Ahwcll. an Irishman, instigated by Mael- 
gwn, son of Rhys, to kill Cedivor, 
son of Griffri, 2C0. 

Achilles, the lord Rhys compared to, 246. 

Acre, the Christians conveyed to, 310. 

Louis, king of France, and his queen 
remain at, 336. 

Adam, bishop of Llanelwy, dies at Ox- 
ford. 230. 

Aedd, son of Mellt, dies, 16. 

Aeddan, son of Blegywryd, with his four 
sons, killed by Llywelyn, son of 
Seisyll, 34. 

Aeron, Lower, the district of, ravaged by 
Rhys and Owain, sons of Gruf- 
fudd, son of Rhys, 270. 

Ajax, the lord Rhys compared to, 246. 

Albanians (the people ofAlbanor Scot- 
laud), the French kill Malcolm, son 
of Dwnchatb, king of the Plots and, 
54, 56, 

Alexander, son of Malcolm, succeed-, his 
brother Edward, in the kingdom of 
Scotland, so. 
commands an army against the Bri- 
tons under king Henry I.. 1 14. 



Alexander, son of Malcolm — cont. 

sends messengers to Gruffudd, son of 

( 'yuan, to requesl him to make 
peace with king Henry I., 114. 

Alexander, pope, cites Henry 1. to appear 
at Kome. to make satisfaction for 
the death of archbishop Beckct, 20s. 
his death, 230. 

Alvrvd, king of the Gcwissi, dies, 18. 

Alvryd, at the head of the Saxons, ravages 

the kingdom of the sons of ldval. 

24. 
Anarawd, son of Einon, son of Owain, son 

of Cadwallon, slain, 253. 
Anarawd, son of (iruffudd, killed by the 

family of Cadwalader, 162. 
Anarawd, son of Gwriad, killed by the 

Pagans, 22. 
Anarawd, son of Ivhodri, comes to de- 
vastate Ceredigion and the vale of 

Tywi, 15. 
his death, 20. 
Anarawd, son of Rhys, deprives his 

brothers, Madog and llowel, of 

sight, 238. 
Aneellin, archbishop, consecrates Worgan, 

bishop of Llandaf, 80. 
Angharad, daughter of Owain, son of 

Edwin, her relationship. L52. 
her death, 196. 

Anhunog, the coinot of, subjugated by Pain, 
son of Patrick, 366. 

Anjou, king Henry IT. collects an army 
from, to oppose the Welsh, 200. 
king Henry HI. endeavours to esta- 
blish his right to, 316. 

Ansel m, archbishop of Canterbury, receives 
back his archbishopric, 66. 

Ansehn the I'at, bishop of Menevia, dies, 
332. 

Antioch, the soldan of Babylon, reduces 
the city of, 

Arberth, the castle near, burnt by Gruf- 
fudd, son of Bhys, 122. 
burnt by young Rhys, and Maelgwn, 

son of Rhys, 2*4. 
the castle of, won by Llywelyn, son 
of Iorwerth. 306. 



424 



INDEX. 



Arbt-rili — cimi. 

destroyed by Llywelyn, son of Gruf- 
fudd, 344. 
Archbishop, an, consecrated in the city of 

Damietta, 304. 
Archbishops, many, seized by the em- 
peror Frederick, 328. 
Ardudwy, the comot of, taken from Gruf- 

fudd, son of Llywelyn, 308. 
Armenia, the country of, ravaged by the 

soldan of Babylon, •'!.")(;. 
Annorica, called Little Britain, 2. 

earthquake in, 2. 
Aithen, king of Ceredigion, dies, 8. 
Aithmarcha, devastated and burnt, 32. 
Arundel, the castle of, seized by Hubert 
de Helesme, • arl of Shrewsbury, Gf. 
the castle of, invested by king Henry 
I., 08. 
Arwystli, the men of, under Hovel, son 
of Ieuan, pursue after the booty 
taken by Owain Gwynedd, 196. 
subjugated by Gwcnwynwyn, son of 

Owain Cy veiling, 250. 
taken by David, son of Llywelyn, 

from his brother, Gruffudd, 326. 
token from Gruffudd, son of Gwen- 
vynwyn, by Llywelyn, son of 
Gruffudd. 358, 300. 
Ash Hill, the battle of, 14. 
An-, archbishop of the Isle of Britain, 

dies, 18. 
Atropos, 244. 

Austria, the prince of, a leader of the 
armament of Christians sailing to 
Damietta, 304. 



B. 



Babylon, the army of the Christians of 

Damictta proceeds to attack, 30S. 
the soldan of, reduces the city of An- 

tioch, 35G. 
Bala, the castle of, conquered by Llywelyn, 

Mm of Iorwerth, 258. 
Laid" in. the half of Dyved given by king 

Henry I. tu the ton of, 70. 



Baldwin, the archbishop of Canterbury 
preaches a crusade, 234. 
leads an immense multitude to Jeru- 
salem, 230. 
his death, 236. 
Baldwin, the town and castle of, burnt by 

Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 318. 
Bangoleu, the battle of, in which Cynan 

was slain, 14. 
Bangor, laid waste by the Pagans, 40. 

king John incites some of his troops 
to bum, 268. 
Bangor, the bishop of, dies, 240. 

the bishop of, received into the monas- 
tery of Dor, 324, 
dies, and is buried, 324. 
Bar, the earl of, accompanies king John to 

Poictou, 278. 
Bardsey, llayarndrud, a monk of, dies, 34. 
Basingwerk, Owain, prince of Gwynedd, 
encamps at, 184. 
destroyed by him, 204. 
Bath, the bishop of, consecrates Henry III. 

king of England, 292,294. 
Beaumont, Henry, owner of a castle near 

Abertawy, 122. 
Bee, Walter dc, the castle of, burnt by 
Owain and Cadwalader, the sons of 
Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 158. 
Beck, Thomas, consecrated bishop of Mc- 

nevia, 372. 
Bede, the priest, dies, 4. 
Belcsme, Eobert de, carl of Shrewsbury, 
quarrels with king Henry I., 66. 
seizes upon the castles of Arundel, 
Bliv, Brygge, and Shrewsbury, 68. 
Beli, son of Elfin, dies, 4. 
Bell, the great, at Strata Florida, is bought, 
340. 
consecrated by the bishop of Bangor, 
340. 
Bernard, a man from Normandy, advanced 
by king Henry I. to be bishop of 
Menevia, 118. 
his death, 170. 
his great merit, 170. 
Berwyn mountains, king Henry II. leads 
his ami) to, andcccazips u 



INDEX. 



425 



Bethlehem, Robert, earl of, puts to flight 

the knights sent by Henry I. to sub- 
due Normandy, 78. 

Bishop, a, of G went, of coble lineage, dies, 
(A. IX 983), 28. 

Bishop, the, of Bangor, dies, (A.1X 1198), 
240. 

Black Mountain, Llywclj n, son of lor- 
wertli, leads his nnny over the, 300. 

Blaenllyvni, Giles de Bruse, bishop of 
Hereford, obtains possession of, 282. 
reduced by Rickert Marshall and 
Owain, son of Gniffudd, 320. 

Blaen Porth llodnant, attacked by Gruf- 
fudd, sou of Rhys, son of Tewdwr, 
128. 

Blcdri, son of Cedivor, appointed to keep 
the castle of Robert the Crook- 
handed, at Aber Cavwy, 126. 

Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn, action of Mech- 
ain between him and his brother 
Rhiwallon on one side, and Mared- 
udd aud Ithel, sons of Gniffudd, on 
the other side, 40. 
holds Gwynedd and I'owys, 46. 
killed by Rhys, son of Owain, 46. 
avenged by Trahaiarn, king of Gwyn- 
edd, 48. 
character of, 48. 

Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn G wyn, Maredudd, 
son of Ilowel, slain by the sons of, 
102. 

Bleiddud, bishop of Menevia, dies, 46. 

Blen, son of Ieuan, sends Lly welyn, son of 
Owain, to prison to the castle of 
Brygge, 154. 

Bliv, the castle of, seized by Robert de 
Belesnie, carl of Shrewsbury, 08. 
taken by king Henry I, 08. 

Blois, Stephen of, lakes the crown of Eng- 
land by force, 156. 

Blood, rains, in Britain and Ireland, 4. 
the milk and butter turned to, 4. 

Bloody colour, the moon turns of a, 4, 

Boleyn, the earl of, captured at Vernon, 280. 

Bourdeaux, king Henry III. and his queen 
tarry at, 328. 



Bourdeaux — eont 

king Henry III. returns from, 330. 

the same king sails again for, 338. 
Brabant, William of, is intercepted and 

killed, 102. 

Brecheiniog, Ithel, king of Gwent, slain 

by the men of, 12. 

devastated by the Normans, 16. 
devastated by the Saxons, 28. 
the French of, kill Rhys, son of Tew- 
dwr, 54. 
the Britons of, resist the domination 

of the French, 58. 
the nun of, kill I.lvweWn, sou of 

Cadwgan, 02. 
the lord of, causes Seisyll, son of 

Dyvnwal, to be slain in Aber- 
gavenny castle, 220. 
the men of, receive Robert de Bruac 

honourably, 282. 
they pay homage to Llywelyn, son of 

Gruffudd, 848. 
taken possession of by the earl of 

Hereford, 364. 
Brian, king of all Ireland, stirred up against 

Dublin.:.i. 
killed in battle with Sitruc, son of 

Abloec, 34. 
Bristol, the earl of, encamps at the castle of 

Dinweleir, against Rhys, sou of 

OrulTudd, 192. 
a man of, kills Owain, son of Icrwcrlh, 

218. 
Britain, Armorica called Little, 2. 

death of Asser, archbishop of, l v . 
Britons, lose the crown of the kingdom, 2. 
victorious in three battles, Ilcilin, 

Garthmaelog, and Pencoed, i. 
engage in the battle of Maesydog 

against the Picts,and kill Talargan, 

king of the Picts, 0. 
engage in the battle of Hereford 

against the Saxons. 6, 
their Faster altered, 0. 
spoiled by king < Mia, 8. 
their kingdom falls, on the death of 

Rhys, son of Tewdwr, 54. 



4-20 



INDEX. 



ISritoas—conL 

their land seized by the French, in 
Dyved and ( !eredigion, 54 . 

resist the domination of the French, 
56. 

demolish the castles of Ceredigion and 

I'VVrd, 56. 

fruitless campaign of William I. 

nst the, 58. 
resist rite domination of the French, 58. 
slay the French at Celli Carnant, 58. 
defeat the French again, 58. 
attacki 1 ;i second time by William I. 

with a great arm 
a third time, GO. 

the invasion of Magnus, king of 

Norway, 74. 

a bishop appointed for Menevia by 

kin- Henry I., in contempt of all 

tin- scholars of the, 1 18. 

a battle between the French in the 

reign of Henry I., and the, I'M. 
God's commiseration of the, 170. 
.V. /;. oifn ,- references to the Brih ns 
are classified under the hauls «f 
the various princes and chiefs, 
[iron yr Erw, the battle of, between Gruf- 
fudd, son of Cynan, and Trahaiarn, 
son of Caradog, 48. 
Brun, the battle of, 20. 
Bruse, Foulke, leads an army against the 
French and the North men in Lin- 
coln, 296, 
Bruse, Giles de, bishop of Hereford, sends 
his brother Robert on an expedition 
to Brecheiniog, 282. 
his own successes there, 282. 
makes peace with king John, 284. 
Bruse, John de, marries Margaret, daugh- 
ter of Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth. 
304. 
repairs the castle of Abertawy, and 

Senghenydd, 310. 
dies a cruel death, 320. 
Bruse, Mahalt de, mother of the sons of 

Gruffudd, dies at Llanbadarn, 266. 
Bruse, RheinaUt de, inherits the patrimony 
of his brother Giles, 2Sfi. 



Bruse, Rheinallt de — eont, 

marries a daughter of Llywelyn, son 

of [orwerth, 286. 
summoned to Hereford by king John 

292. 
is reconciled to king Henry III., 298. 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, becomes 

angry with him, 298. 
gives himself up to the disposal of 

Llywelyn, 
receives the eastle of Senghenydd, 300. 
Bruse, Robert de, sent by his brother Giles 

to Brecheiniog, 282. 
takes possession of several castles 

there, 282. 
Bruse, William, agrees with Ithys, son of 

Gruffudd, for the relinquishm 

the hitler of Pain's castle in Elvael, 

212. 

banished to Ireland, by king John. 
202. 

his wife and son captured, and put to 
death by John in "Windsor castle, 
264. 

gives himself up to Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwerth, 300. 

taken and imprisoned, 316. 

liberated for the castle of Buellt, with 
the district, and a sum of money, 
316. 

hanged by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
318. 
Bryan de Ville, joins the crusade to Jeru- 
salem, 304. 
Brygge, the castle of, seized by Robert de 
Belesme, earl of Shrewsbury, 68, 

king Henry I. encamps before, 68. 

Llywelyn, son of Owain, imprisoned 
in, 154. 
Bryn Derwin, Llywelyn awaits the hostile 

approach of his brothers at, 340. 
Buallt (or Buellt), devastated by the Nor- 
mans, 16. 

the castle of, fortified by Gelart,' senes- 
chal of Gloucester, 266. 

the castle -d', obtained by Giles de 
Bruse. 282. 



INDEX. 



m 



Itnallt (<>r Bnellt)— coni. 

■wrested from their ancle by young 
Rhys and Owain, sons of Gruffudd, 
298. 

the castle of, given for the liberation 
of William ]?ruse, .'11 0. 

the castle of, fortified by John. 330. 

given by Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 
to Maredudd, son of ( )\vain, 342. 

taken, except the castle, by Llywclvn, 
son of Gruffudd, from Uoger Mor- 
timer, 34(5. 
Bwlch y Dinas, reduced by Rickert Mar- 
shall and Owain, son of Gruffudd, 
820. 
Bydydon, the castle of, destroyed by 
Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 342. 



c. 



Cadell, son of Arthvael, poisoned, 20. 
Cadell, son of Gruffudd, reduces the castle 
of Dinweileir, 168. 
overcomes the castle of Caermarthen, 

WIS. 
conquers the castle of Llanstcpkan, 

108. 
raises an army against the castle of 

Gwys, 172. 
repairs the castle of Caermarthen, 

178. 
ravages Cydweli, 178. 
subdues Ceredigion as far as Aeron, 

178. 
takes the whole of Ceredigion, except 

one castle, from Ilowel, son of 

Owain, 178. 
conquers the castle of Llanrhystud, 

178. 
repairs the castle of Ystrad Mcurug, 

ISO. 

cruelly braised by the men of Tenby, 

while hunting, 180. 
goes on a pilgrimage, 182. 

and is buried at Strata Florida, 
220. 
Cadell, king of l'owys, dies, 8. 



Cadell, son of Hhodri, dies, IS. 

Cad van, son of Cadwalader, captured by 

tlowel, son of Owain, 178. 
Cadwalader the Blessed dies at Koine, 2. 
Cadwalader, son of Gruffudd, 

( 'yuan, Benl by his father on an 

expedition into Meiriouydd and 

Lleyn, 150. 

leads a large and cruel army into 

Ceredigion, 156, 158. 
eulogium of, and of his brother 

Owain, 158. 
hums the castle of Walter de Bee, 

158. 
bums the castle of Aberystwyth, of 

Rickert de la Mere, of Dinerth, 

and of C'aerwedros. l.">8. 
returns home, 158. 
comes a second lime into Ceredigion 

■with an army, 158. 
joined by other princes, 158. 
invests Aber Dyvi, 15S. 
routs tin- Flemings and Normans, Kin. 
returns home victorious, 160. 
his share of Ceredigion seized by 

Ilowel, son of Owain, 164. 
his castle at Aberystwyth burnt by 

the same, 10-1. 
collects a licet from Ireland, and 

lands at Abermenai, 164. 
reconciled io bis brother Owain, Hit. 
blinded by his incensed allies, 164, 
liberates himself from them by ran- 
som, lf.4. 
commotion ■with his nephews, Howt'l 

and ('yuan, sous of I 'wain. 17-1. 
his castle of Cynvacl taken by them, 

171. 
constructs a castle at Llanrhystud, 

170. 

his share of Ceredigion to his 

son, Cadwgan. 170. 
expelled from Mona by Owain, hi 

brother, 180. 

his territory restored to him, 188. 

encamps at the castle of Dinweleir, 

I!t2. 



428 



INDEX. 



Cadwalader, son of Gruffudd — COiU. 

defends Gwynedd against Henry II.. 

200. 
Unites with his brother Owain, and 
Rhys, son of Gruffudd, against 
( twain Cyveiliog, 204. 
invests the castle of Rhuddlan in 

Tegeingl, 201. 
l)iirns it, and the castle of Prestatyn 

also, 206, 
dies, in the month of March, 21G. 
Cadwalader, son of Rhys, privately killed 
in Dyved, 232. 
bnried in the White House upon 
Tav, 232. 
Cadwalader, son of Seisyll, son of Dyvn- 

ual, killed by the French, 226. 
Cadwallon, son of Gruffudd, son ofCynan, 
slays his three uncles, Goronwy, 
Hliirid, and Meilyr, 152. 
mutilated by his brother Owain, 180. 
Cadwallon, son <f Ieuav, kills Ionaval, 
son of Menrug, 28. 
killed by Maredudd, son of Owain, 28. 
Cadwallon, son of Madog, son of Idnerth, 
seizes Einon Clud, his brother, and 
imprisons him, 194. 
Cadwallon, sou of Madog, of Maelienydd, 
taken by Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
to the court of king Henry II., at 
Gloucester, 226. 
killed. 230. 
Cadwallon, son of Maelgwn.of Maelienydd, 

dies at Cwm Ilir, 322. 
Cadwallon, son of Maredudd, son of 

Owain, dies, 30. 
Cadwallon, son of Owain Cyveiliog, slays 
Owain, son of Madog, at Careg- 
hova, 232. 
Cadwallon, son of Owain, son of ITowel 

the Good, dies, 24. 
Cadwallon, son of Owain Gwynedd, de- 
prived of his sight by command 
of Henry II., king of England, 
202. 
Cadwallon. the .sons of, demolish t!i ca-tle 

of N'yvcr, 210. 



Cadwallon — emit 

the sons of, expelled by Roger Mor- 
timer, 240. 
the sons of, burn the castle of 
Rhaiadr Gwy, 240. 
Cadweithen, is driven away, 14. 
ravages Glywysig, l-l. 
his death, 10. 
Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, expels Rhys, 
son of Tewdwr, from his territory 
52. 
despoils Dyved, 54. 
goes against the French, attacks and 

conquers them, 56. 
many chieftains of his family fight 
against the castle of Pembroke, and 
ravage the whole country, f>8. 
retreats into Ireland for fear of the 

treachery of his own men, 60. 
returns from Ireland, 62. 
takes Ceredigion and a portion of 

Powys, 02. 
invited by Robert, earl of Shrews- 
bury, and his brother Ernulf, to 
assist them against king Henry I., 
08. 
is reconciled to his brother Iorwerth, 

74. 
prepares a great feast for the chief- 
tains of his country, 82. 
is displeased with his son Owain's 

conduct in respect of Nest, 86. 
endeavours to prevail upon Owain 
to restore his wife and spoil to 
Gerald the Steward, 80. 
makes his escape from Ithel and 
Madog, the sons of Rhirid, on 
board a ship that was at Aberdovey, 
88. 
goes privately to Towys, and des- 
patches messengers to Rickert, the 
steward of the king, with the 
view of making peace with the 
king, <>2. 
his portion of Powys seized by Madog 

and Ithel, sons of Rhirid, 92. 
having made his peace with the 
king, lie obtains his territory of 



INDEX. 



429 



Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn — rout. 

Ceredigion, on certain conditions, 

92, '.14. 
repairs to the court of the king, 102. 
is dispossessed of his territory by Gil- 
bert, son of Rickert, 104. 
obtains 1'owys of the king of Eng 

land, 108. 
is |iiit to death by Madog, sou of 

Khirid, 108. 
Cadwgan, son of Cadwalader, receives his 

father's share of Ceredigion, 17(1. 
Cadwgan, son of Goronwy, kills his cousin, 

Cadwgan, son of GrufFudd, 156. 
Cadwgan, son of Gruffudd, is killed by 

his cousin, Cadwgan, son of Go- 

ronwy, 15G. 
Cadwgan, of Llandyfai, abbot of Whit- 
land, made bishop of Bangor, 284. 
Cadwgan, son of Madog. is slain, 102. 
Cadwgan, son of Maredudd, slain by 

Walter, son of Khirid, 198. 
Cadwgan, son of Owain, killed by the 

Saxons, 22. 
C'aer Alclut, demolished by the Pagans, 14. 
Caereinion, divided between Owain. son of 

Cadwgan, and Maredudd, son of 

Lieddyn, 112. 
a castle made at, by Madog, son of 

Maredudd, lord of Powys, 184. 
taken from Owain Cyveiliog by ' )wain 

and Cadwalader, the sons of Gruf- 

fudd, and Khys, son of Grufiudd, 

and given to Owain the Little, 204. 
Owain Cyveiliog comes against the 

castle of, takes and destroys it, 

killing the garrison, 204. 
taken by David, son of Llywelyn, from 

his brother Gruffudd, 826. 
Caer Evrog, devastated in the battle of 

Dubkynt, 14. 
Caer Gybi, devastated by the sons of 

Abloec, 24. 
Caerleon (Chester), king Henry IT. en- 
camps in the plains of, 184. 
the land of, governed by Iorwerth, 

ron of Owain, 188. 



Cai rleon (Chester) — cont. 

king Henry II. encamps for many 

days at. 202. 
Caerleon (upon L'sk), Edgar, king of the 
Saxons, collects a large fleet ai, 2G 
king Henry II. takes the city of, from 

Iorwerth. son of Owain, 210. 

Iorwerth, son of Owain, destroys the 

town of, 212. 
attacked by Iorwerth, son of Owain, 

of Gwenllwg, 222. 
the French get possession of, 221. 
restored to [orwerth, sou of Owain, 

22G. 
the monastery of Detiuia established 

at. 203. 
is taken by William Marshall, 802. 
Caerleon, the earl of, builds the castle of 

Dyganwy, 264. 
builds the castle of Holywell, 204. 
goes to Jerusalem to tight the crusade, 

804. 
his death, 320. 
Caer Loyw, a Hank movement made from 

the army Of the earl of, 296. 

Caermarthen, the castle of. burnt by the 
sons of Gruffudd, 102. 
the castle of, erected by earl Gilbert, 

100. 
the castle of, subdued by Oadcll, son 

of Gruffudd, and Howel, son of 

Owain, 108. 
the castle of, repaired by Cadell, son 

of Gruffudd, 178. 
Rhys, son of Gruffudd, fights against, 

192. 
Rhys, son of GrufFudd, attacks and 

burns, 2l(i. 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and oth< r 

Welsh princes, collect a large army 

to, 286. 
placed under the custody of Llywelyn, 

son of [orwerth, 802. 
the castle of, repaired ?iy William 

Marshall, 312. 
Maelgwn the Little and others, fight 

against it for three months, 822. 



430 



INDEX 



taken bj Owain, son of Gruf- 
fudd, and Maredudd, son of Ilowel, 
196. 
Caerphili, the castle of, taken by Llywelyn, 

son of Gruff udd. 

castle of, burnt by < iwain 
and Cadwalader, the sons of Gruf- 
fudd, Bowel, sun of Maredudd, and 
Madog, son ofldnerth, 158. 
Calettwr, Ilowel, son of Owain. repairs the 
castle of the son of Humfrey, in the 
Vale of, 180. 
Camaron, Roger Mortimer builds the castle 

of, 240. 
Camddwr, a battle at, between Goronwy 
and Llywelyn, sons of Cadwgan, 
and Caradog, son of Grtiffudd, on 
the one side, and Rhys, son of 
Owain, and Rhydderch, son of Ca- 
radog, on the other side, 48. 
Canterbury, a dispute between the arch- 
bishop of, and the archbishop of 
York, 228. 
Louis, king of France, desists from 
attacking the castle of, 298. 
Canton, William, of Cemaes, dies, .'H 8. 
Cantrev Bychan, the castle of, reduced by 
Rhys and Maredudd, the BOOS of 
the lord Whys, 240. 
allotted to Rhys the IIoai-.se, 890. 
Cantrev Mawr, Rhys, son of Grufl'udd. in 
making peace with king Henry II. 
stipulates that he should receive, 
190. 
i~ taken possession of by llhy<, son of 

Gruffudd, 198. 
allotted to Rhys the Hoarse, 290. 
Caradog, son of Gruffudd, kills Maredudd, 
son of Owain. 46. 
kills Rhys, and Ilowel, his brother, 
5( I. 
Caradog, king of Gwynedd, killed by the 

Saxons, 8. 
Caradog, son of Rhiwallon, slain in the 
battle on Carn Mountain by Rhys, 
son of Tewdwr, 50. 
Caradog, .son of Rbydderch, killed by the 
Saxons, 38. 



Cardiff, is begun to be built, 50. 

sehal of, leads an army to 
Tenwedig, 268. 
reduced by Rickert Marshall, 320. 
Carreg, the castle of, fortified by Ilenrv 

' III . 
Carreg Cennen, the castle of, recovered by 

Rhys the Little. 384. 
Careghova, Owain, son of Madog, slain at, 

232, 
Cam Mountain, a battle on, 4, 50. 
Carno, the battle of, between the sons of 
Owain, son of Ilowel, and the son9 
of Idwal, 22. 
Carnwyllon, Maredudd, son of Rhys, slain 
at, 256. 
young Rhys obtains possession of, 

284. 
allotted to Rhys the Hoarse, 200. 
Castle Baldwin, the Black Normans come 
a second time to, 16. 
burnt by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 

318. 
peace formed at, between king Henry 
111. and Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 
354. 
Cedivor, son of Collwyn, dies, 54. 
Cedivor, son of Daniel, archdeacon of 

Ceredigion, dies, 198. 
Cedivor, son of Goronwy, invites Gruffudd, 

son of Rhys, to act lawlessly, 120. 
Cedivor, son of Griffri, killed by an Irish- 
man, 200. 
Cedivor, abbot of Strata Florida, dies, 314. 
Ceiriog, king Henry II. leads his army 

into the Vale of, 200. 
Celynog the Great, the grove of, devastated 
by Howel, son of Ieuav, and the 
Saxons, 20. 
Celli Carnant, the French slain by the 

Britons at, 58. 
Celli Wrda, the castle of, fortified by Simon 

Montford, 354. 
Cemaes, ravaged by the Welsh, 284. 

the men of, do homage to Llywelyn, 

son of Iorwerth, 280. 
the cantrev of, allotted to Maelgwn, 
son of Rhys, 288. 



INDEX. 



431 



Cemoyd, king of the Ticts, dies, G. 
Cemoyth, king of the Picts, dies, 12. 
Cennadlog, king Henry II. marches through 

tiie wood of, 18G. 
( '. mill", ravages the kingdoms of Dyved.10. 
Ccrball, death of, 16. 
Cen ligion, devastated by Anarawd, 10. 
the men of, kill Gruffudd, son of 

Owaiu, 20. 

devastated by die sons of Idwal, 22. 
Mmvdudd, son of Owain, goes to, 30. 
devastated by Edwin, son of Einon, 

and Eclis the Great, 30. 
devastated twice by the Erench, 4G. 
the French take possession of, 54. 
the Britons demolish the castles of, 

56. 
left a desert, 56. 

1 by king Henry I. to Iorwerth, 

son of Bleddyn, 70. 
given by Iorwerth to his brother, 

( :i<i\\gan, 7-1. 
Obtained of king Henry I. by Cadwgan, 

after purchasing it for a hundred 

pounds, 92. 
given by king Henry 1. to Gilbert, son 

of Kickert, 104. 
Gilbert, son of Kickert, takes possession 

of, and builds castles in, 104. 
Chrain and Cadwalader, the sons of 

Gruffudd, lead an army into, 156-8- 
they come a second time to, 158. 
David, son of Gerald, archdeacon of, 

made bishop of Menevia, 176. 
subdued as far as Aeron by Cadell, 

Maredadd, and Rhys, the sons of 

Gruffudd, 178. 
taken entirely by them, 178. 
reconquered by Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 

198. 
given by king Henry II. to the lord 

Rhys, 212. 
taken possession of by Gruffudd, son 

of Rhys, 250. 
above Aeron, given by Llywelyn, son 

of Iorwerth, to his nephews, the sons 

of Gruffudd, 262. 



Ceredigion — cant. 

the comots of Gwynionydd and Mah- 
wynion in, allotted to Maelgwn, sou 
of Rhys, 288 -290. 

three cantrows of, allotted to Rhys and 
Owain, the sous of Gruffudd, 890. 
t'eri, kiuv; Henry 111. encamps at. 31 6. 

taken by David, sou of Llvwelvn, 

from his brother Gruffudd, 386. 
attacked in the night by John Strange, 
348, 360. 

Cerwallt, son of Murcgan, king of Leinstor, 

dies, IS. 

Cetyll, the battle of, 12. 
Cevn Cynwarehan, messengers from the 
Flemings meet Llywelyn, son of 

Iorwerth, at, 300. 

Cevn Rhestr, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, assem- 
bles his men on the mountain of, 
192. 

Charles, king of Sicily, kills Conradin, 
35G. 

C'herulf, the son of, commands a 1 1 » ■ •. - 1 
Cinder Cadwalader, son of Gruffudd, 
164. 

Christianity, interdicted in England by the 
pope, 262, 
rendered free to the men of the South. 
302. 

Christians, Robert of Normandy goes to 

protect the, at Jerusalem, 56, 

a battle between the, and Sarai 

272. 
an armament of, sails to Damiettn, 

304. 
Cibon the fiddler, a son to, obtains the 

victory in Instrumental song at the 

grand festival held by the lord Whys 

in the castle of Aberieivi, 228. 
Cilcenin, Maelgwn, son of Rhys, encamps 

at, 264. 
Cilgerran, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 

the castle of, 202. 
the French from Pembroke and the 

Flemings make an attack upon the 

castle of. 2O8. 



432 



INDEX. 



Cilgerran— <"/,/. 

Oroffodd, son of Rhys, possesses him- 
self through treachery of the castle 
of, 254. 
subdued by William Marshall, 260. 
the castle of, delivered up to Elywel yn, 

son of [orwerth, 286. 
the castle of, allotted to Maelgwn, son 

Of Khys, 288. 
William Marshall begins to build the 
castle of, 312. 
Cil Owain, Owain Gwynedd retreats to, 

186. 
Chin-, the earl of, encamps at the castle 
of Dinwelelr, 192. 
confederates with Idywelyn, son of 
Gruffudd, 354. 
Cleddyv, the Flemings seize the country 

near the efflux of, 80, 
Clement IV"., elected pope, 354. 
Clifford, Walter, spoils the territory of 
Rhys, son of Gruffudd, and kills 
many men, 190. 
Clwytl, Peter, abbot, dies in the Vale of, 

232. 
( lydog, son of Cadell, killed by his brother 

M.-urug, 20. 
Cntite, son of Swain, takes possession of 
the kingdom of England, Denmark, 
and Germany, 34. 
his death, 38. 
t olunwy, the town of, burnt by Llywclyn. 

sou of [orwerth, 320. 
Colwyn, the castle of, repaired, 10c. 

Khys, sun of Cruffudd, attacks and 

burns the castle of, 242. 
the castle of, left by Giles de Druse 
for Walter, sou of Gruffudd, 282. 
Congalach, king of Ireland, is slain, 22. 
Conradin, killed by Charles, king of Sicily, 

350. 
Constantine, son of Iago, devastates Lleyn 
and Mona, 26. 
killed by Howel, son of Ieuav, in the 
battle of Ilirbarth, 26. 
Consyllt, the auxiliaries of Madog, son of 
Maredudd, slain at, 178. 



Conwy, the battle of, to avenge Rhodri, 
16. 
a great slaughter takes place between 
the sons of Idwal and the 
Howe! in the battle of, 22. 
Corvoc, king and bishop of all belaud, 
dies, 18. 
his virtues, 18. 
Corwen, Owen Gwynedd and Cadwalader, 
the sons of Kruff'udd, Khys, son of 
Gruffudd, Owen Cyveiliog, Iorwerth 
the Ked, the sons of Madog, son of 
Maredudd, and the two sons of 
Madog, son of Idnerth, encamp with 
their forces at, 200. 
Council, a, assembled in London, for the 
purpose of confirming the lair.- ,,■ 
the churches, 228. 
Cressy, Kheinallt de, constable of Caerleon, 

killed in battle, 298. 
Cricciaeth, David, son of Llywelyn, im- 
prisons his brother Gruffudd at, 
826. 
Crogen, the castle of, given to Gwcnwyn- 

wyn for his maintenance, 258. 
Crusaders, many, proceed to Jerusalem, 

304. 
Cryn Onen, the battle of; 14. 
Gilbert, abbot, dies, (I. 
Culeuan, a son of, slain in battle, IS. 
Cunedda, son of Cadwallon, mutilated by 

his uncle Owain Gwynedd, ISO. 
Cwm Hir, Meurug, abbot of, dies, 232. 
the conventual society of, rem o 
Cymmer in Meirionydd, 252. 
Cydewain, attacked by John Strange, 3-18, 

350. 
Cydweli, devastated by Edwin, son of 
Einon, with Eclis the Great, a 
Saxon prince, 30. 
devastated by the French, 56. 
given to the son of Baldwin, 70. 
granted by king Henry I. to Howel 

and (son of, C.JJ.), Goromvy, 71. 
ravaged by Cadell, son of Gruffudd, 

178. 
Rhys, son of Gruffudd, builds lie 
castle of, 236. 



INDEX. 



433 



Cydweli — runt. 

obtained possession of by young Rhys, 

2S4. 
the castle of, subjugated by Llywelyn, 
son of lorwerth, and his auxiliaries, 
288. 
allotted to Rhys the Hoarse, 290. 
Groffudd, son of Llywelyn, proceeds 

to, 312. 
Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, destroys 
the castle of, mis. 
Cymmer in Meirionydd, Kinon, son of 
Cadwgan, and GrutViuUl, son of 
Maredudd, make a joint attack upon 
the eastle of Uchtryd at, MO. 
the convent of Gwm ILir removes to, 
25 2 . 
Cynan, a battle takes place between liim 
and Hovel, 10. 
is expelled from Mona by his brother 
Howe!, 10. 
Cynan, is slain in the battle of Bangoleu, 

11. 
Cynan, son of Howel, reigns in Gwynedd, 
32. 
is killed, .32. 
Cynan, son of Howel, captured, 266. 
Cynan, son of Maredudd, obtains Penardd, 
360. 
is reconciled to king Edward I., 366. 
goes to the king to offer his homage 

and oath of allegiance, .300. 
is retained at the king's court, ,300. 
returns from the king's court, 308. 
Cynan, of Kant Nyvcr, dies, 14. 
Cynan, son of Owain, ravages Abcrteivi, 
106. 
a dispute between him and his uncle 

lader, 174. 
attacks and takes Cynvael, the castle 

ofCadwalader, 174. 
is imprison" 1, 178 
fights against king Henry IT. in the 

wood of Cennadlog, 186. 
encamps at the castle of Dinwelcir, 

192. 
Blays Gurgeneu, the abbot, 200. 
dies, 224. 



Cynan, son of Owain — cont. 

his sons way against Rhj s, • 

Gruffudd, ! 
they expel Rhodri, son of Owain, 238. 
the two sons of, combine with Llyw- 
elyn, son of lorwerth, and Rhodri, 
son of Owain, against David, son of 
Owain Gwynedd, 2 10. 
Cynan, son ofSeisyll, is killed, 38. 
Cynan. Maredudd, son of Edwin, killed by 

the sons of, .33. 
Cynan, abbot of the White House, dies, 

22G. 

Cyngen, is strangled by the Pagans, 12. 

Cyngen, son of Elised, is poisoned, 20. 
Cyngen, king of Powys, dies in Rome, 

12. 
Cynon, king of Gwynedd, dies. 10. 
Cynvael, Howel and Cynan, sons of O wain, 

attack the castle of, 1 7 I. 
Cynvrig, son of Owain, killed by the 

family of Sfadog, son of Maredudd, 

102. " 

Cynvrig, son of Owain Gwynedd, ordered 
to be deprived of his sight by king 
Henry II., 202. 

Cynvrig, son of Rhiwallon, killed by the 

Gwyneddians, 4 Q . 

Cynvrig, son of Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
■ lies, 326. 

Cynwraid, Robert de Bruse takes posses- 
sion of the isle of, 282. 

Cyveiliog, devastated by the Saxons, 'JO. 

obtained by Einon, son of Cadwgan, 
and Gruffudd, son of Maredudd, 
140. 

granted by Madog, BOO of Maredudd, 
to his nephews, Owain ami Meurug, 
the sons of Gruffudd, 176. 

ravaged a second time by Rhys, son 
of Gruffudd, I . 

taken by David, son of Llywelyn, 
from bis brother ' Iruffudd, 

thirteen townships of. tai.cn by Llyw- 
elyn. son of Gruffudd, from Gruf- 
fudd, son of Gwenwynwyn, 360. 

E E 



434 



INDEX. 



D. 

Daniielta, an armament of Christians sails 
to, 304. 

is delivered up to the Christians, 304. 

an archbishop consecrated in, 304. 

the Christian army of, proceeds to at- 
tack Babylon, 308. 

restored to the Saracens, 310. 

given up to Louis, king of France, 334. 

restored to the Saracens, 334. 

regained by Louis, king of France, 
33C. 
Damnan, Elfryt, king of the Saxous, buried 

at, 4. 
Daniel, son of Sullen, bishop of Menevia, 

dies, 152. 
David, son of Gerald, archdeacon of Cere- 
digion, is appointed bishop of Me- 
nevia, 176. 

his death, 226. 
David, son of Gruffudd, disputes with his 
brother Llywelyn, 339. 

takes to flight, 340. 

proceeds lo Emlyn to speak with 
Marcdudd, son of Rhys the Hoarse. 
and with Patrick de Sayes, 346. 

forsakes the society of his brother 
Lh welyn, and goes to England, 850. 

reduces the castle of Penharddlech, 
372. 
David, son of Lly welyn, receives the 
homage of all the princes of Wales, 
326. 

takes Arwystli, Ceri, Cyveiliog, 
Mawddwy, Mochnant, and Caer- 
einion from his brother Gruffudd, 
326. 
iie< Is his lather, 326. 

goes to Gloucester to do homage to 
king Henry III.. 328. 

gives hostages to the king, 328. 

is cited before a council in London, 328. 

summons to him all the princes of 
Wales, 330. 

causes many losses to Gruffudd, sou 
of Madog, Gruffudd, son of G wen- 



David, son of Lly welyn — cunt. 

wynwyn, and Morgan, son of 

Howel, who had disregarded his 

summons, 330. 
dies at A her, 332. 
David, sou of Malcolm, king of Prydyn 

dies, 182. 
David, bishop of Menevia, dies, 226. 
David, son of Owain, fights against king 

Henry H. in the wood of Cennad- 

log, 186. 
ravages Tegcingl, and removes the 

inhabitants and their cattle to the 

Vale of Chvyd, 198. 
kills his eldest brother, Dowel, 206. 
subdues the isle of Mona, having 

banished his brother Maelgwn to 

Ireland, 222. 
gets possession of all Gwynedd, having 

expelled his brothers and uncles, 

224. 
takes his brother Maelg>vn and im- 
prisons him, 224. 
takes his brother Rhodri and confines 

him in fetters, 224. 
marries Emma, sister of the king of 

England, 224. 
expelled from Mona and Gwynedd by 

his brother ilhodri, who had escaped 

from prisou, 224. 
combined against by Llywelyn, son of 

Iorwerth, Ilhodri, son of Owain, 

and the two sons of Cynan, son of 

Owain, 240. 
captured by Gwenwynwyn, 250. 
dies in England, 258. 
David, abbot of Strata Florida, dies, 232. 
Decem-novennaIis,32, 38, 44, 52, 66. 
Denmark, Cnute, son of Swain, takes pos- 
session of the kingdom of, 34. 
Harold, king of. meditates the sub- 

jeetion of the Saxons, 44. 
Derotyr, commands a fleet under Sitruc, 

son of Abloec, 34. 
Deuddwr, the third of, divided between 

Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, and 

(J wain, son of Cadwgan, 112. 



INDEX. 



135 



Dcuglcddyv, Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, 
puts many to the sword in, 306. 

Deuma, the religious society of, established, 

230. 

Dewi, certain persons take refuge in the 

sanctuary of, 90. 
Diermid, king, forms a friendship with 
Rickert, earl of Terstig, sou of 
Gilbert Strongbow, 208. 
Diermid, king of Leiuster, dies, 208. 
Diermid, son of Murchath, is banished 
from bis people, 204. 
gains the castle of Lough Gannon, 206. 
Dinas BJewydd, the battle of, 20. 
Dineir(Dinerth, Dineirth), the battle of, is. 
the castle of, burnt by Owain and Cad- 
walader, the sons of Gruffudd, son 
ofCynan. and their auxiliaries, 158. 
Roger, earl of Clare, stores the eastle 

of, 190. 
Maclgwn, son of Kliys, gets possession 

of the castle of, 254. 
Maelgwn, son of Rhys, completes the 

castle of, 258, 
burnt by him, 202. 
Dinevwr, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, takes 
possession of the castle of, 198. 
RhyS and Maredudd, the sons of the 
lord Rhys, reduce the castle of, 240. 
the youngest sons of the lord Rhys 
ion of the castle of, 252. 
won by Gruffudd, son of Rhys, from 

his brother Maelgwn, 260. 
young Rhys invests the castle of, 270. 
Rhys the Little, son of Rhys Mechyll, 

proceeds to, 342. 
young Rhys dies in the castle of, 358. 
Dingeraint, Gilbert, son of Rickert, builds 

a castle at, 104. 
Dinweleir (Dinweileir), Cadell, son of 
Gruffudd, minces the castle of, 108. 
Maredudd and Rhys, the sons of Gruf- 
fudd, sou of Rhys, repair the castle 
of, 180. 
earl Rheinallt, the earl of Bristol, the 
earl of Glare, two other earls, Cad- 
walader, son of Gruffudd, Ilowel and 
Cynan, encamp at the castle of, 194. 



Diserth in Tegeingl, king Henry III. for- 
tifies the castle of Carrcg, near, 

Dolvorwyn, Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 
visits the castle of, 358. 
the earl of Lincoln and Roger Mor- 
timer besiege the castle of, 364. 

Dor. the bishop of Bangor received into the 
monastery of, 324. 

Drought, excessive, 330. 

Dubk] nt, the battle of, 1 I. 
Dublin, the people of, devastate Lreland and 
Moua, 20. 
devastated by the Scots, 32. 

Brian, king of all Ireland, and Other 

kings, are stirred up against, 34. 
the Pagans of, capture Gruffudd, son 

of Llywelyn, 4<>. 

certain Germans make their escape 

from Owain, son of Gruffudd, to, 
166. 
king Henry II. awaits the arrival 1 I 

ships from, 2112. 
Rickert, carl of Terstig, son of Gilbert 

Strongbow, gel ; >ioii of, 208. 

Dunwallon, is slaiu by the men of Iago 
and leuav, sous of Idwal, 22. 

Dunwallon, king of Strath Clyde, goes lo 

Rome, 26. 
Dwnchath, son of Brian, dies on his way 

to Rome, 4 1. 
Dwrngarth, king of Cornwall, is drowned, 

14. 

Dyganwy, is burnt by lightnin 

the castle of, destroyed by the Saxons, 

10. 
the earl of Caerleon builds the castle 

Of, 204. 

Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, reducei 

the castle of, 278. 
king Henry HI. co 

the barons of England, siding with the 
Welsh Iward I., purpose 

to destroy the eastli of, 350. 
Dyryslwyn, Man of Rhys the 

Hoarse, dies in the castle at, 358. 
Dyved, devastated I ey, son of 

Harold, 

1: E 2 



43C 



INDEX. 



Dyved — coat. 

devastated by Edwin, son of Einon, 

and Kclis the < treat, 80. 
devastated by the 1'ugans, •'!:.', 40. 
devastated, 36. 
devastated by Gruffudd, son of Klyw- 

elyn, 42. 
ravaged by the French, 40. 
seized by the French, 54. 
the castles of, demolished by the 

Britons, 56, 
left a desert, 5G. 
the half of, given by king Henry I. 

to Iorwerth, son of Blcddyn, 70. 
taken by the- king from Iorwerth, 

and given to a certain cavalier 

named Saer, 74. 
king Henry I. sends the Flemings to 

inhabit, 80. 
pillaged by the companions of Owain, 

son of Cadwgan, 102. 
left by Cedivor, son of Goronwy, 

full of Flemings, French, and 

Saxons, 128. 
Cadwalader, son of Khys, killed in, 

2.'32. 
the Welsh get possession of, 282, 284. 
three eantrevs of, allotted to Maelgwn, 

son of Khys, 288. 
Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, leads his 

army against the Flemings of, 300. 
Dyvi and Acron, Khys and Owain, the 

sons of Gruffudd, consent that 

king John should have the territory 

between, 270. 
Dyvmval. obtains the castle of Aberga- 
venny through treachery from the 

men ofking Henry II.. 218. 
Dyvnwal, son of Ilowel, dies, 22. 
Dyvnwal, son of Tcwdwr, dies, C. 



E. 



Earthquake, a great, 2, 54, 256, 332, 36 S 

Easter, the time of, as observed in the 
British church, altered by the com- 
mand of Elbod, G. 



Fclipsc, of the moon, 8, 12. 

of the sun, 8, 162,232, 23G. 

Kclis the Great, a Saxon prince. 

tates the kingdoms of Maredudd, 
son of (twain, 30. 

Ed halt, king of the Saxons, dies, <;. 

Ivleltled, queen, dies, 20. 

Edelred, son of Edgar, expelled from his 
kingdom by Swain, son of Harold, 
34. 

Edelstan, king of the Saxons, dies, 20. 

Edeyrnion, Owain Gwynedd and Cadwal- 
ader, sons of Gruffudd, Iihys, son 
of Gruffudd, Owain Cyveiliog, Ior- 
werth the Ked, the sons of Madoir. 
son of Maredudd, and the two sons 
of Madog, son of Iduerth, move 
their armies to, 200. 

Edgar, king of the Saxons, collects a 
large fleet at Caerleou upon Usk, 
2G. 

his death, 20. 
Edmund, son of king Henry III., seized 
by the earls and barons of England, 
who were seeking the restoration 
of the good laws and customs of the 
land, 352. 

leads an army to Llanbadara, and 
begins to build a castle at Aberyst- 
wyth, 3G8. 

bestows his cousin Eleanor in mar- 
riage on Elywelyn, son of Gruffudd. 
370. 
Edward, son of king Henry III., born, 
326. 

the kingdom of England entrusted to 
his care, 338. 

left by his father in Gascony for the 
purpose of guarding it, 338. 

goes to survey his castle and lands in 
Gwynedd, 340. 

burns some of the towns in Gwynedd, 
350. 

falls out with the carls and barons of 
England, 350. 

i.- seized by the earls and barons, 



INDEX. 



437 



Edward, son of king Henry HL—cont, 
collects a vast army of carls, barons, 

and knights against Simon Montford, 

352. 
marches to London, and attacks it, 

354. 
reigns after his father, 358. 
consecrated king of England, 360. 
appoints a council in London, in 

which new institutions are esta- 
. 362. 
summons Llywelyn, son ofGruffudd, 

to do homage to him, 362. 
bears the charge of Llywelyn's nuptial 

festivities, .302. 
appoints a council at Worcester, in 

which lie designs au expedition 

against Wales, 364. 
is reconciled to Gruffudd and Cynan. 

sons of Marcdudd, and l.lywelyn, 

!-on of Owain, 300. 
retains Cynan, son of Maredudd, and 

Rhys Wyndod with him at court, 

366. 
receives the homage of Rhys, son of 

Maredudd, Rhys Wyndod, Gruffudd 

and Cynan, sons of Maredudd, and 

Rhys, sou of Maclgwn, 368. 
leads an army to the midland district, 

and fortifies a castle at Flint, 368. 
proceeds to Ehuddlan, and fortifies it, 

sends a part of his army to Mona, 

3G8. 
makes peace with Llywelyn, son of 

Gruffudd, and receives his homaj e, 

3G8, 370. 
orders Owain the Red, Owain, son 

of Gruffudd, and Gruffudd, s in of 

Gwenwynwyn, to he release I from 

prison, 370. 

bestows his cousin Eleanor in mar- 
riage on Llywelyn, 370. 
orders a new coinage, 370. 
Edward, son of Malcolm, killed by the 

French, 56. 
Edward, son of Malcolm, dies, 80. 



Edwin, son of Einon, devastates the king- 
doms of Mare, lu 1!, son of Owain, 
30. 
Edwin, son of Howel, d 
Edwin, son of Maredudd, is killed by the 
Bons of Cj aan, 38. 
n, in a time of dearth, sold for three 
halfpence, 
Eilad, arrives in Britain, 36. 
Einon, son of Anorawd, makes an attack 
upon the castle of llumlrey, 192. 
is slain in liis sleep by Walter, sun of 
Llywareh, his o<B D man. His. 
Einon, son of Cadwgan, holds a portion of 
his brother Owoin's share of Powys, 
alter the death of the said Owain, 
138. 
makes an attack upon the castle of 

L'ehtryd, 140. 
requested to come to the assistance of 
Howel, son of [thel, against the sons 
of ( twain, son of Edwin, 142. 
is made war upon by king Henry 1., 

146. 
Ids death, 150. 
Einon, son of Caradog, is slain, 266. 
Einon Chid, seized by his brother Cad- 
wallon. son of Madog, L94. 
goes with Rhys, son of Gruffudd, to 

the court of king Henry II. at 

Gloucester, 224. 
is slain, 230. 

Einon, son of Cynan, dies, 2.'S2. 

Einon, son of Howel, devastates Gower, 

24, 26. 
his territory devastated by the Saxons 

under the command of Alvryd,28. 

is t:\-aeherously killed by t I I nobles 

ofG 

Einon, son of < twain, kills Cadwgan, sou 

of Gruffudd, 156. 
:i, of forth, is killed by his brother, 

236. 
Einon, son of Rhys, of Gwerthrynion, goes 

to the court of king Henry II. at. 

clou •ester, 226. 
Einon the Saxon, made abbot of Strata 
Florida, 372. 



438 



INDEX. 



u-cbbisbop of Gwynedd, alters the 
tor, 6. 
his death, . 

. v. ho had been betrothed to 
elyn, son of Gruffudd, sails for 
Gwj oedd, 362. 
is married to Llywelyn at Worcester, 
870. 

birth to a daughter, who was 
named Gwenlliii 
dies ia childbirth, and is buried at 
Llanvaes in Moaa, 364. 
Elen, wife of Bowel 'he Good, dies, 20. 
Elfryt. king of the Saxons, dies and is 

buried at Dainnan, 4. 
Elise, son of Madog, endeavours to bring 
about a peace with Gwenwynwyn, 

Elisse, son of Cyngen, acts treacherously 
towards his brother Griffri, 10. 

Elstan, king of the Sa.vons, dies, 18. 

Elvael, subjected a second time by the 

French, 166, 

the cantrev of, left by Giles de 

Bruse, for Walter, son of Gruffudd, 

who had subdued it, -'82. 

king Henry III. builds Pain's castle 

in, 318. 
the men of, plundered by William, 
son of Gwrwared, 338. 

Emlyn, Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, fights 
against the castle of, 286. 
the cantrev of, allotted to Maelgwn, 
son of Rhys, 2* . 

Emma, dame, sister of the king of Eng- 
land, is married to David, son of 
Owain, 224. 

Empress, the, daughter of Henry L, arrives 
in England for the purpose of sub- 
duing the kingdom for Henry, her 
son, 162. 

Emri, son of Simon Mont ford, sails, with 

Eleanor his sister, for Gwynedd, 362. 

is seized and imprisoned by the gate 

keepers of Ilavcrford, 362. 
is released from the king's prison, and 
takes a journey to Rome, 864. 

England, devastated by the Normans, 10. 



Cnute, son of Swain, takes possession 
of the kingdom of, 34. 

William the Bastard gets possession 

of the kingdom of, 44, 
the south of, brought under the sway 

of Stephen of Blois, 156. 

. prince Henry, grandson of Henry I.. 

succeeds to the throne of, 182. 
Christianity interdicted in the whole- 
kingdom of, 262. 
king John makes the kingdom of, 

tributary to the pope, 278. 
English, the, attack the Welsh, and put 

them to flight, 252. 
Maelgwn, son of Rhys, sells Abertcivi, 

the key of all Wales, for a trifling 

value, to the, 254. 
of the North, quarrel with king John, 

280. 
a naval fight between them and the 

French, 298. 
upwards of twelve hundred killed by 

the Welsh in one day, 350. 
take possession of the territory of 

Rhys, son of Maelgwn, son of the 

lord Rhys, 363. 
Entris, devastates Menevia, 34. 
Ernulf, a disturbance between him and king 

Henry I., G6. 
tries to makepeace with the Gwyddel- 

ians, G8. 
demands the daughter of Marian, 

king of Ireland, in marriage, 68. 
goes with his men to receive his wife, 

72. 
delivers up his castle to the king, and 

quits the kingdom, 72. 
pats to flight the knights sent by king 

Henry I. to subdue Normandy, 78. 
Eryri, the mountains of, ravaged by the 

Saxons, 10. 
Owain, son of Cadwgan, retires to the 

mountains of, 114. 
Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, removes his 

property to the mountain of, 2G6. 
king John proceeds towards the moun- 
tain of, 2G8. 



INDEX. 



439 



1". ham (or Evesham)* the battle of, 352. 
Fuelvre, granted by king Henry II. to Rhys, 

son of Gruffudd. 212. 
Euerys, bishop of Menevia, dies, 20. 
Evilfre, death of, 40. 
Extreme unction, 156, 100, 1GS. 206. 



!'. 



F, a Sunday letter. "■'•2. 

Failure of provision, in Ireland, 10. 

in the camp of Henry II. on the Ber- 

wyn mountains, 200. 
compels Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, to 
return home after he had gone to 
meet William Marshall near ( !ai : 
niarthcn, .'312. 

Famine, -32. 

in the territory of Maredndd, son of 

Owain, 32. 
in Ireland. 316. 

Farthings, to be made round, by order of 
Edward I., 370. 

Fasting and prayer, the mole-like vermin 
in Ireland driven away by means of, 
18. 
the Britons, when threatened by Wil- 
liam Bufus. turn to God in, GO. 

Fat, Anselm the, bishop of Menevia, dies, 
:s.32. 
Hugh the, commands French troops 

against Gwyncdd, GO. 
Hugh the, (lies, 66. 

Ferers. earl, 314. 

Ferna, Diermid, king of Leinstcr, buried 
in the city of, 208. 

Fernvail. son of Idwal, dies, G. 

Feryll the hard, 244. 

Festival, a grand, given by the lord Rhys 
at the castle of Aberteivi, 228. 

Fiddler, a son toCibon the, obtains the vic- 
tory in instrumental song at the 
said festival, 228. 

Finant, the battle of, 12. 

Fine weather, extraordinary, 288. 

Fineable, lorwerth, son of Bleddyn, ad- 
judged to be, 76. 

Fish, abundance of, at Aberystwyth, 202. 



Fitz Waller, Robert, taken in battle. 2',";. 
Flanders, a nation from, scut to inlml.it 
I »yved by king Henry I 
hing Henry II. collects a \ast army of 
the choice warriors of, 200. 

the earl of, delivered by the king of 
England to the king of Pram 
pledge in respect of Thomas, arch- 
bishop of Cantcrhur\ 

the earl of, assists young Henry, son 

of Henry II., to harrass his father's 
territory, 222. 
the earl of, accompanies king John on 
his voyage to PoictOU, 278. 

a terrible war breaks out between it 

and Poicton, 27,^. 
Otho, emperor of Bome, driven to 

flight from, 280. 
the earl of, captured at Vernon, 280. 
Fleet, a, fails coming from Ireland to South 
Wales, -!2. 
from Ireland, endangers South Wales, 
42. 
Flemings, William Brabant, an old man of 
the, killed by some companions of 
(twain, son of Cadwgan, 102. 

attacked by Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 122. 
dwelling in Dyved, 121. 
dwelling in Blaen Forth Ilodnant, 128. 
pursue Owain, son of Cadwgan, and 

kill him, 138. 
oppose Owain and Cadwaladcr, sons of 

Gruffudd, and their confederates, in 

Ceredigion, 158. 
take to flight, according to their usual 

custom, Hi 1 '. 
attack the castle of Caermarllieii, 108. 
spoiled and slaughtered, 108. 
attack the castle oil |j]j rran, 202. 
attack Ilowel and Maelgwn, the sons of 

Khys, killing some of their men and 

putting others to flight, 238. 
opposed by Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, 

300. 
send messengers to Llywelyn, son of 

lorwerth, to sue for p 

Llywelyn concludes a truce with them, 
306. 



410 



INDEX. 



Flesh, horse, considered a dainty by the 
army of king John, when short of 
provisions at Dyganwy, 266, 

Flint, king Edward I. fortifies a castle at, 
308. 

Flood, a, in the Nile, which prevents the 
Christians from going to Babylon, 
308. 
a destructive, 

Foolish young men from all parts of the 
country join Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 

124, 120. 
Foulke, builds a castle for king John at 
Aberystwyth, 27-). 

seneschal of Cardiff', is ordered by the 
king to compel Rhys the Hoarse 
to deliver up the castle of Llan- 
ymddyvri and the district to the 
6ons of Gruffudd, son of Buys, or 
to retire into exile, 274. 

joins young Rhys, 274. 
Foulke Bruse, a flank movement made 
from the army commanded by, 296, 
France, Pepin the Elder, king of, dies, 4. 

a war between the king of, and Henry 
I., king of England, 142. 

peace concluded between them, 144. 

Louis, king of, goes to the holy war, 172. 

a contention between the king of, and 
Henry II., on account of the murder 
of Thomas, archbishop of Canter- 
bury, 2nS. 

the king of, sends messengers to 
Henry II., 21G. 

king Henry II. proceeds to, 2 IS. 

Philip, king of, goes to the holy war, 
234. 

war between Phillip, king of, and king 
John, 278. 

the former obtains the victory, 280. 

a truce concluded between the two 
kings, 280. 

Louis, son of Phillip, sends for assis- 
tance from, 208. 

peace concluded between Henry Iff. 
and Louis, son of the king of, 302. 

Louis sails for, 302. 

Louis, king of, dies, 314. 



France — coat 

Henry III. sails for, 31 G, 328. 
tin- king of, proceeds to Jerusalem, 
334. 

Henry III. sails for, to confer with the 
king, 346. 

■Simon Montford sails for, to seek aid 
from his relations and friends, 354. 

Louis, king of, and his son, die, 358. 
Frederick, the emperor, seizes cardinal 
Otto, and several other ecclesiastics, 
328. 
French, the, kill Maredudd,6on ofOwain,46. 

ravage Ceredigion and Dyved, 46. 

kill Uhys, son of Tcwdwr, jfi. 

take possession of Dyved, 5G. 

kill Malcolm, son of Dwnchath, king 
of the Scots, and Edward, bis son, 
54, 56. 

go against Dyved, and are slain bv 
the Britons at Celli Carnant, 58. 

lead their forces against Gwynedd for 
the third time, GO. 

enter the isle of Mona, GO. 

attacked by Magnus, king of Ger- 
many, on the coast of Mona, G2. 

reduce the country, G2. 

are opposed a second time by the 
Gwyneddians, under the command 
of Owain, son of Edwin, G2. 

flock to Henry, brother of 'William 
RufuS, and in conjunction with the 
Saxons appoint him king in Eng- 
land, 04. 

many of them killed by Ilowel, son of 
Goronwy, 70. 

treacherously kill Ilowel, son of 
Goronwy, < 6. 

a discord between them and Madog, 
son of L'hirid, 94. 

Owain, son of Cadwgan, and Madog, 
son of Ehirid, commit many crimes 
in the country of the, 96. 

an army of, under Gilbert, a - prince of 
Cornwall, scut against the Welsh, 
114. 

the manner of, to deceive people, 120. 

attacked by Gruffudd, son of Khys,122. 



INDEX. 



411 



French, the— con*. 

summon t<> them Owain, son of Carad- 
og, Maredudd, son of Rhydderch, 
and liis sons Maredudd and Owain, 
and test their fidelity to king Henry 
I.. 124. 

left in Dyvcd by Cedivor, son of 
Goronwy, 128. 

the manner of, to do every thing by 
stratagem, 132. 

attack a portion of the army that fol- 
lowed Gruffudd, son of Rhys, his 
uncle Rhydderch, son of Tewdwr, 
and his sous, Maredudd and Owain, 

134. 
from Caerleon assist the sons of Owain, 

son of Edwin, against ilowel, son 

of Ithel, 142. 
undeservedly accuse GrulTudd, son of 

Rhys, who is com-i.'iiuently driven 

from tlie land given to him by the 

king. 152. 
from Aber Nedd to Aber Pyvi, op- 
pose Owain and Cadwalader, sons of 

Gruffudd, 158. 
attack the castle of Cacrmarthen, 1G8. 
a battle between them and the men of 

Mona, who are victorious, 188. 
a large number of the, join Rhcinallt 

against Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 192. 
Einon C'lud delivered to the, 1!I4. 
garrison in Ceredigion expelled by 

the Welsh, 198. 
from Pembroke attack the castle of 

Cilgerran, 202. 
an army of, under Owain Cyveiliog, 

attack the castle of Caereinion, 204. 
get possession of Caerleon, and drive- 
away from there lorwerth and 

Ilowel his son, 224. 
seize Gwladus, the wife of Seisyll, and 

kill his son Cadwalader, 22G. 
an army of, collected by Maelgwn, son 

of Rhys, which is defeated by Rhys 

and Owain, sons of Gruffudd, 2C4. 
an army of, collected by young Rhys, 

with which he gains the castle of 

Llanymddyvri, 27G. 



French, the 

gel i issession ot' the city of Lincoln, 

294. 
are put lo flight, 296. 
a naval fight between thciu and the 
English near the ell'.ux of the 
Thames, in which the English are 
victorious. 
Fruit, great scarcity of 
Furnenale, Gerald de, killed in battle, 21)8. 



G. 



Gamago. Pain, taken and imprisoned by 

David, son of Gruffudd, ■S72. 
Garlhgrugyn, the castle of, fortified by 

Maelgwn the Little, 328. 
Garthmaclog, the battle of, I. 
Gascony. furni se warriors for the 

army of Henry II.. 200. 
Henry III. returns from, leaving his 

son Edward to guard it, 338. 
Gelart, seneschal of Gloucester, fortifies the 

castle of Buellt, 
Gelli, taken by Giles de Bra i 
king John proceeds to, 292. 
burnt by Llywelyn, son of lorwerth, 

31 i. 
Gemaron, the castle of, repaired by Hugh, 

son ofRaulf, 166. 
Gcnauy Glyn, the men of, retire to Gwyn- 

edd with Rhys, son of Maelgwn, 

3G8. 
Gerald de Furnetialc, killed in battle, 298. 
Gerald, the steward of Pembroke, ravages 

the boundaries of Mc:ie\ ia, 
sent to Ireland to demand the daughter 

of king Murtart in mania 

Ernulf, 68. 

the custody of the castle of Pembroke 

granted to him, 7G. 
founds the castle of Little I !enarch,82. 
his castle burnt, and his wife carried 

away by Owain, son of Cadwgan, 

84. 
incites an army of Flemings to pursue 

after Owain, 138. 



442 



INDEX. 



Gerald, the steward of Pembroke — cant. 
his sons fight against (twain and Cad- 
ofGruffadd, I "» s . 
command a large arm; of French 
and Flemings in their attack upon 
le of ' aiTinarthcn, 108. 
Gerard, bishop of Hereford, succeeds to the 

archiepiscopal Bee of York, 66. 
Germans, the, blind Cadwalader, son of 

Gruffudd, 104. 
Germany, Cnute, son of Swain, fake? pos- 
session of, 34. 
Li lav flees into, 38. 
Magnus, king of, comes as far as 
Mona, with the view of gaining the 
country, 62, 72. 
he makes depredations on the shores 

of Britain, 74. 
Henry I. marries the daughter of a 

prince of, 14G. 
the emperor of, takes the cross, and 

proceeds t<> Jerusalem, 172. 
the king of, and his two sons, support 
king Henry III. and his son Ed- 
ward on the plains of Lewes, 350. 
Gewissi, death of Alvryd, king of the, 18. 
Gilbert, earl of Clare, is killed in battle, 

296. 
Gilbert, a prince of Cornwall, commands an 

army against the Welsh, 114. 
Gilbert, sou of Gilbert, subdues Dyved, and 
erects the castle of Caermarthen and 
the castle of Mabudrnt, 166. 
his death, 176. 
Gilbert, abbot of Gloucester, consecrated 

bishop of Hereford, 176, 
Gibert, earl of Pembroke, obtains through 
treachery the castle of Morgan, son 
of Bowel, in Mecbain, 324. 
restores it, for fear of Llywelyn, son of 
lorwerth, 324. 
Gilbert, son of Uickcrt. his character. 101. 
Henry I. gives him the land of 

Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, 104. 
takes possession of the said land, 104. 
builds a castle near the efflux of the 
" river Ystwyth, and another near 
Aberteivi, 104. 



Gilbert, son of Riekert— cont. 

accuses Owaln, son of Cadwgan, be- 
fore the king, 112. 
his death, 142. 
Giles de Bruse, sends his brother Robert to 
Brecheiniog, 282. 
goes there himself, and obtains posses- 
sion of Aberhodni, Maes Hyveidd, 
Gelli, Blaenllyvni, and the castle of 
Buellt, without any opposition, 282. 
makes peace with the king, 284. 
his death, 286. 
Glamorgan, devastated by Maredudd, son 

of Owain, 30. 
Glasygrug, the followers of Gruffudd, son 

of Rhys, encamp at, 130. 
Glen of Teyrnon, a religious society esta- 
blished in the, 230. 
Gloucester, Gwalter, the high constable of, 
protects the people who fled before 
Ithel and Madog, sons of Rhirid, 
andLlywarch, son of Trahaiarn, 88. 
Rhys, son of Gruffudd, and other 
chieftains, go to the court of king 
Henry IT. at, 224. 
Gelart, seneschal of, fortifies the castle 

of Buellt, 266. 
Giles, bishop of Hereford, dies at, 266. 
David, son of Llywelyn, goes to, to do 
homage to Henry III., 328. 
Glumaen, son of Abloec, killed, 30. 
Glywysig, ravaged by Cadweitben, 14. 
Godfrey, son of Harold, devastates Mona, 
and by great craft subjugates the 
whole island, 24. 
devastates Lleyn and Mona, 26. 
devastates Dyved and Menevia. 28. 
at the head of the black host devastates 
Mona, 28. 
Godrich,king of Man, his sons aid Rhodri, 
son of Owain, in the subjugation of 
the isle of Mona, 238. 
Gorchwyl, death of bishop, 18. 
Goronwy, son of Cadwgan, engaged in 
the battle of Camddwr, 48. 
his death, 66. 
Goronwy, son of Ednyved, death of, 356. 
his character, 356. 



INDEX. 



-U3 



Goronwy and (father of, according to C. 
J).) Bowel, receive a grant of the 
Vale ofTywi, Cydweli, and Go-irer 
from king Henry I., 74. 

Goronwy- BOD of I twain, accused by the firm 

of Hugh, carl of Caerleon, 112. 

is requested by Owain, son of Cadw- 

gan, to combine ffith GrufFudd, 

son of Cynan, against their enemii b, 

114. 

killed by his nephew Cadwallon, son 

of GrufFudd, 152. 
Goronwy, son of Rhys, taken through 

treachery, and dies in prison, 74. 
Gorwennydd, devastated by Owain, 22. 
Gowcr, devastated by Einon, son of Owain, 
24. 
devastated by Edwin, son of Einon and 

Eelis the Great, 30. 
devastated by the French, 56. 

I id by king Henry I. to Iorwcrth, 

son of* Bleddyn, 70. 

is taken from Ionverth, and given to 

Hovel and (son of, CL£>.) Goronwy, 

74. 

a castle in, burnt by GrufFudd, son of 

Rhys, 126. 
devastated by Maredudd and Rhys, 

the sons of GrufFudd, 180. 
all its castles reduced by young Rhys, 

284. 
Llywelyn, son of Ionverth, leads an 

army to, 300. 
all its castles destroyed by Rhys the 
Hoarse, 302. 
Greece, pilgrims from Wales drowned on 

the sea of, 166. 
Gregory IX., pope, releases the bishop of 
Bangor from his diocese, 324. 
sends a legate to England, 320. 
the emperor Frederick makes war 
against, 328. 
Gregory X.. pope, holds a general council 

in Lyons, 360. 
GrifFri, son of Cyngen, slain through the 

treachery of his brother Elisse, 10. 
GrifFri, son of Gwyn, death of, 182. 
GrifFri, son of Trahaiarn, killed, 80. 



Grove of Celynog (Cyreiliog, C.) "the 
Great, the, i by Howcl, 

son of leuav, and the Saxons, 26. 

GrufFudd, son of Cadwgan, attacks the 
castle of Dchtryd, son of I 
140. 
1 1 is death. 236. 
Cruffudd, son of Cynan. fights against the 
men of lago and of Mona. 48. 
retreats to Ireland, for fear of til 

treachery of his own men, 60. 
returns from Ireland. 62. 

obtains Mona, 62. 

accused by the son of Hugh, earl of 
Caerleon, 1 1 2. 

enters into a mutual agreement with 
Goronwy, son of Owain, that no 
one should make reeoneilation with 
their enemies without the other. 1 1 I. 

Is desired by Alexander, son of Mal- 
colm, and the earl of Caerleon. to 
make peace with king Henry I., 
114. 

sends messengers to the king, to -eek 
peace from him. 116. 

is sent for by the king, and desil 
bring to him GrufFudd, son of Rhys, 
alive or dead, 1 20. 

sends men to force Gruffudd. son of 
Rhys, out of the church of Abcr- 
daron, whither he had fled for 
sanctuary, bul is prevented by the 
bishops, 122. 

requested by the men of Powya to 
join them against the king, 14G. 

sends his sons Cadwalader and Owain 
with a large army into Meirionydd, 
150. 

his death, 160. 

his power and greatness, I GO. 
GrufFudd, son of Cynan, son of Owain, 
dies at A hereon way . 

his renown, 254. 
Gruffudd, son of Cynan, captured in battle, 

266. 
Gruffudd, son of Gwcnwynwyn, refuses to 
unite with David, son of Llywelyn, 
330. 



411 



INDEX. 



Gruffudd, son of Gwenwynwyn— cant 

the whole of bis territory, except the 

| e of TraUwng, and pari of the 

Vale of Severn, with a little of 

Caereinion, subdued by Llywelyn, 

hoii of Gruffudd, and bis confede- 

. 342. 

is driven from his territory into ban- 

i.-huient, 34 1. 

, y s the castle of G« yddgrag, 

acts treacherously towards the mes- 
sengers of Llywelyn, 360. 

all his territory subdued by Llywelyn, 

.360. 
seeks to reconquer his territory by the 
help of the carl of Lincoln and 
Roger Mortimer, 364. 
released from the prison of Llywelyn, 
by the command of the king, 370. 
Gruffudd, son of Idnerth, cuts off the 

French at Aher Llecb, 58. 
Gruffudd, son of Ivor, son of Meurng, goes 
to the court of king Henry II., at 
Gloucester, 226* 
Gruffudd, son of Ivor, is slain, 270. 

his character, 270. 
Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
-werth, a dispute between him and 
his father, 306. 
having disposed his army in battle 
array, awaits the coming of his 
father, 306. 
is exhorted to deliver himself and his 
property np to the will of his father, 

308. 
deprived by his fiither of the eantrev 

of Meirionydd, and comot of Ar- 

dudwy, 

sent by his father with a large army 
to oppose William Marshall, .112. 

fights against William Marshall near 
Carmarthen, 312. 

lack of provision compels him to re- 
turn home. 312. 

is sent by his father to intercept Wil- 
liam Marshall at Carnwyllon, 314. 

is liberated, having been six years in 
prison, 322. 



Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn — ami. 

deprived of Arwystli. (Vri. < yveiliog, 
Mawddwy, Mochnant, and Caer- 
einion by his brother I 
attempts to escape from the king^ 

prison in London, 330. 
falls and l.reaks his neck, 330. 
his body removed from London to 
Ahercouway, and buried there, 334. 
Gruffudd, sou of Llywelyn, son of Seisjll, 
governs after CagO, king of Gwyn- 
edd, 38. 
overcomes the Saxons and other na- 
tions in many battles, : 
his victory at Rhyd y tiroes, 40, 
depopulates Llanbadarn, 40. 
obtains the government of South 
Wales, and dispossesses Hovel son 
of Edwin, of his territory 
overcomes Ilowel, and captures his 
wife in the battle of Pen Cadeir. 40. 
is himself captured by the Pagans of 

Dublin, 40. 
again opposes and defeats Howel, son 

of Edwin, 40, 
Gruffudd and Rhys, sons of Rhy Jdercb, 

act treacherously towards him, 42. 
revenges himself upon the men of the 

Vale of Tywi, 42. 
kills Gruffudd, son of P.hyddereb, 42. 
defeats the Saxons under lieinolf at 

Hereford, 42. 
destroys their fortress and burns the 

town, 42. 
allies himself with Magnus, king of 
Germany, and ravages the domi- 
nions of the Saxons, 44. 
slain through the treachery of his own 

men, 44. 
his character for bravery, 44. 
Gruffudd, son of Madog, son of Gruffudd 
Maelor, slain by his brother Mared- 
udd, 326. 
Gruffudd, son of Madog, declines joining 
David, son of Llywelyn, 330. 
is reconciled to Llywelyn, son of Gruf- 
fudd, 344. 
his death and burial 356. 



INDEX. 



415 



Gruffudd Maelor, king of Powys, dies ami 
is buried, 23fc 
his character, 236. 
Groffudd, son ofMaredudd, son of Bleddyn, 
attacks the castle of Uchtryd, 140, 

iCyveiliog, with Mawddwy and 
half of Penllyn, 140. 
kills his cousin Ithel, son of Rhirid. 

152. 
his death, 154. 
Gruffudd, son of Maredudd, son of the lord 
Rhys, archdeacon of Ceredigion, 
dies, ••!•'!<>. 
Gruffudd, son of Maredudd, son of Owain, 
restores the middle comot to his 
brother Cynan, 358. 
is reconciled to king Edward I., 366. 
takes the town and castle of Aber- 
ystwyth, 372. 
Groffudd, son of Owain, slain by the men 

of Ceredigion, 20. 
Gruffudd, son of Rhiwallon, slain by 

Rhys, son of 'IYwdwr, 50. 
Groffudd, son of Rhydderch, acts treache- 
rously towards Gruffudd, son of 
Llywelyn, 42. 
is slain by him, 42. 
Gruffudd, sou of Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
succeeds his father in the govern- 
ment of his dominions, 248. 
is seized by his brother Maelgwn, and 
sent to the prison of Gwenwynwyn, 
who sends him '.'■• an English prison, 
250. 
liberated by the English, 252. 
gets possession of his share of his 
territory, except the castles of Aber- 
teivi and Ysirad Meurug, 254. 
possesses himself through treachery of 

the castle of OiJgerran, 25 I. 
his death and burial, 256. 
his sons win I.lanymddyvri and Dine- 
vwr from their uncle Maelgwn, 260, 
they receive a portion of Ceredigion 
Aeron from their uncle Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, 2G2. 



Gruffudd, son of Rhys, son of 'IYwdwr. 
arrives in Dyved from Ireland, 118. 

is accused to king Henry 1.. 118. 

goes to Gruffudd, son of ('yuan, with 
the view (.!' saving bis life. 1 IS. 

flees for sanctuary to the church of 
Aberdaron, 1 22. 

makes an attack upon a castle near 
Arbcrth, and burns it, 122. 

burns the outwork of the easile of 
I.lanyinddyvri, 122. 

sends his companions to attack a castle 
near Aberteivy, who having burnt 
the outworks and killed a few men, 

are compelled to retreat, 122. 

is joined by young men from all parts 

of the country, 124. 
commits great depredations on every 

side, 124. 
attacks the castle of Caermarthen, 

and burns the outer ward, 12G. 
burns a castle in (lower, 12G. 

attacks Blaen Porth Hodnant, but 

without much success, 128. 

prepares to attack the castle of Aber- 
ystwyth, but is defeated by the 
French, 132, 134. 

Owain, son of Cadwgan, pursues after 
him, 136. 

hills Gruffudd, son of Trahaiarn, 150. 

having been unjustly accused by the 
French, is expelled from the land 
which the king had given him, 152. 

assists Owain and Cadwaladcr, the 
sons of Gruffudd, in their expedi- 
tion, 158. 

his death. 160. 
his character, 160. 
Grnfiudd, son of Seisyll, slain, l-20. 
Gruffudd, abbot of Strata Florida, settles 

with king Henry III. in respect of a 

debt which the monastery owed, 

334. 
Gruffudd, son of Trahaiarn, killed by 

Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 150. 
Gruffudd, abbot of Xstrad Marehell, death 

of, 24 l. 
Gwrgeneu, the abbot, death of, 20G. 



HG 



INDEX. 



Gwrgeneu, son of Scisyll, treacherously 
killed by the sons of Rhys the 
Saxon, 50. 

Gwalchmai, Ifaelgwn, son of Rhys, com- 
pared to, 236. 

(.v. alter, high constable of Gloucester, 
affords his protection to the country- 
people, when Ithel and Mado.ir. sons 
of J! hi rid, Ely w arch, son of Tra- 
haiarn, and Uchtryd, son of Edwin, 
■were hunting after Owain and 
Cadwgan his father, 88. 

Gwarthav, the cantrev of, alloted to Macl- 
gwn, son of lihys, 288. 

Gweitheii, the battle of, 14, 16. 

Gwenllian, daughter of Llywelyn, birth of, 
364. 
taken prisoner to England, 364. 
made a nun against her own will, 364. 

Gwenllian, daughter of young Maelgwn, 

death and burial of, 338. 
Ciwenllian, daughter of Rhys, son of Gruf- 

fudd, death of, 236. 

her character, 236. 

G v enllwg, devastated by the Normans, 16. 
the Britons of, resist the domination 

of the French, 58. 
Ionverth, son of Owain, of, attacks 
Caerleon, 222. 
Gwcnnottyll, the battle of, 48. 
Gwent, devastated by the Normans. 16. 
the Britous of, resist the domination 

of the French, 58. 
many ot the chieftains of, are slain, 
226. 

a great slaughter of the good people 

of, 22G. 
Gvrent tscoed, attacked by llowel, son of 

Ionverth, 222. 
Gwcuwynwyu, sun of Owain ( 'yvcilioir. 

kills Owain, son of Madog, 232. 
his castle in Trallwng Llywelyn 
attacked by Henry, archbishop of 

Canterbury and justice of 'ill Eng- 
land. 242. 
regains the castle, 244. 



Gwenwynwyn, son of Owain Cyveiliog— 
cont. 

his family accompany Maelgwn, son 
of Rhys, to Aberystwyth, and sob- 
jugate the town and castle, 250. 
sends Gruffudd, son of Rhys, to an 

English prison, 250. 
meditates the restoration of their 

ancient rights to the Welsh. 
certain hostages released from the 

prison of, 254. 
is opposed by Llywelyn, son of Ior- 

werth, 258. 
Elise, son of Madog, endeavours to 
bring about a peace with him, 258. 
terms of peace concluded between 

him and Llywelyn. 258. 
wins (loses, E.) the castle of Llan- 
ymddyvri and the castle of Llan- 
gadog, 258, 280. 
seized by king John at Shrewsbury, 

262. 
repossesses himself of his dominion by 

the assistance of king John, 264. 
is summoned by the king to aid him 
against Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
266. 
joins Llywelyn against the English, 

270. 
absolved by pope Innocent from his 
oath of fidelity to the king of Eng- 
land, 272. 
accompanies Llywelyn on his expe- 
dition, 288. 
makes peace with the king, 200. 
Gwerthrynion, the "Welsh fight against 
the castle of, 256. 
wrested from Roger Mortimer by 
Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 342. 
G-weun y Nygyl, battle of, 48. 
G wgawn, son of Gwriad, is slain, 22. 
Gwgawn, son of Meorug, is drowned, 14. 
Gwgawn, son of Meurug, forms a plot 
against llowel, son of Goronwy, 
76. 
takes him, 78. 
Gwiti, the black Normans come to, 16. 



INDEX. 



•±47 



Gwion, bishop of Bangor, dies, 236. 

his character, 230. 
Gwladus the Dark, daughter of Llywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth, and wife of Sir 
Randulph Mortimer, dies, 886. 
Gwladus, daughter of Gruffudd, son of 
Llywelyn, and wife of the lord 
(young, B.C.) Rhys, dies, 348. 
Gwladus. daughter of Hhiwallon, 82. 
Gwladus, wife of Seisyll, is captured by 

the French, 220. 
Gwlvae, deprived of his eyesight, 32. 
Gwrgant, son of Cadwgan, L38. 
Gwrgant, son of Rhys, a poet, slain by 
the men of Ivor, sou of Meurug, 
188. 
(iv.iiad, killed by the Saxons, 10. 
Gwriad, deprived of his eyesight, 32. 
Gwrinid, devastates Lleyn, 20. 
Gwyddelians, Rhys, son of Tewdwr, col- 
lects a fleet of the, .02. 
gives to them a large sum of money, 

52. 
Ernulf seeks assistance from them, 

68. 
their savage manners compel Madog, 
son of Hhirid, t> quit Ireland, 104. 
being disappointed of their hire, they 
make many captures, 104. 
Gwyddgrug, the castle of, destroyed by 
the men of Owain, son of Gruffudd, 
172. 
i he castle of, destroyed by Gruffudd, 
son of Gwenwynwyn, 350. 
< • i vn. the sons of, killed, 24. 
Gwynedd, the black Normans come to, 10. 
subdued by Maredudd, son of (twain, 

28. 
the sons of Meurug make an inroad 

into, 30. 
Cynan, son of Howel, reigns in, 32. 
Iago, son of Idwal, succeeds to the 
government of, 38. 

held by Dlcddyn, son of Cynvyn, 

40. 
the Britons demolish the castles of the 

French in, 50. 



Gwynedd — cont. 

the French lead their armies ini 

60. 
king llenn, I. collect.-. a:i army against, 

112. 
falls into the possession of David, son 

of Owain, 224, 
his brother Rhodri expels David out 

Of, 224. 
the men of, obtain the victory in vocal 

song at the festival in the castle of 

Aberteivi, 228, 
a religious society from Strata Florida 

removes to Rhed)*nog Velen in, 232, 
king John builds many castles in, 268. 
these are destroyed by Llywelyn, 80S 

of Iorwerth. except Dyganwy and 

Rhuddlan. 270. 
all the wise men of, summoned to 

Aberdovey about the partition of 

land. 288. 
Llywelyn. son of Maelgwn, dies on 

his estate in. .'! 18. 
king Henry III. takes hostages from 

David, son of Llywelyn. on aCCOUnl 

of, 328. 
Maelgwn the Little flees into. 331. 
Edward, sou of king Henry III., takes 

a survey of his castles and lands in, 

340. 
Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, returns 

from South Wales to, 346, 348. 
traversed by Edward, who burns sum, 

of the towns, 350. 
Emri, son of Simon Montfbrd. and 

Eleanor his sister, sail for, 302. 
Llywelyn, brother of Rhys Wyndod, 

and Howel and (son of, CD.) Rhys 

the Iloar.sc. ipiii their territories and 

retire into, 366, 
Rhys, sou of Maelgwn, retires into 

3G8. 
G wyueddians, bravery oft i 
pursue Rein the Scot. 36. 
their kingdom ruled over by Tra- 

baiaru. sun of < 'aradoj . 48. 
kill Cynvrig, son of Hhiwallon, 48. 
rise against the French, 62. 



448 



INDEX. 



Gwynion, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, dis- 
mantles and bams tin- castle of the 
the son of, 108. 
the comol oftbe son of ( Mabwynion) 
allotted to Maelgwn, son of Jlhys, 
288, 290. 
Gwynionydd, the comot of, allotted to 

Maelgwn. son of Kins, -jss. o'iu. 
Gwys, Cadell. son of Gruffudd, and his 
brothers, with "William, son of 
Gerald, and his brothers, raise an 
army against the castle of, 172, 
the castle of, obtained through trea- 
chery by Bowel the Saxon, 238. 
the castle of. destroyed, and the town 
burnt, by 1.1 vwelyn, son of lorwerth, 
306. 
Gwythcrin, the battle of, IG. 



H. 

Ilainault, the earl of, joins king John on 
his expedition to l'oictou, 278. 
Otlio, emperor of Rome, driven from, 

Harold, king of Denmark, meditates the 

subjection of the Saxons, 44. 
Harold, son of earl Godwin, puts him to 

death, 44. 
deprived of his kingdom and life by 

William the Bastard, 44. 
Haverford, invested by Llywelyn, son of 

lorwerth, 300. 
burnt by him, 306. 
the gate keepers of, seize and imprison 

Emri, son of Simon Moutford, and 

his sister Eleanor, 362. 
Hayarndrud, a monk of Bardsey, death of, 

34. 
Ilayarddtir. son of Mervyn, drowned, 22. 
Hector, the lord Rhys compared to, 246. 
Ileilin. the battle of, 4. 
lleinuth, son of Uledri, death of, IG. 
Helygi, 360, 

EIennyrth,son of Clydog, death of, 20. 
Henry, son of Arthen, an eminent teacher, 

dies, 1 38. 



Henry Beaumont, his castle near Abertawy 
attacked by the men of Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, 122. 
Henry, duke of Burgundy, delivered as a 
pledge by Henry 11. to the king of 
France in respect of the archbishop 
of Canterbury, 20S. 
Henry, son of Cadwgan, receives a hundred 

marks from king Henry I., 96. 
Henry I., king of England, succeeds to the 
throne, 64. 
marries Mahalt, daughter of Malcolm, 

king of Prydyn or Scotland, G4. 
raises Gerard, bishop of Hereford, to 

the archbishopric of York, 66. 
reinstates Anselm in the see of Can- 

terbury, 66. 
dissension between him and Robert, 
earl of Shrewsbury, aud his brother 
Ernulf, 66. 
assembles an army and invests the 

castle of Arundel, 68. 
takes the castle of Bliv, 68. 
proceeds to the castle of Brygge, 68. 
invites the Welsh princes to his as- 
sistance against the earls, 70. 
makes grants of territory to lorwerth, 

son of Bleddyn, 70. 
permits earl Robert to quit the king- 
dom, 72. 
breaks his engagement with lorwerth, 
and takes from him Dyved, which 
lie gives to the cavalier Saer, and 
the Vale of Tywi, Cydweli, and 
Gower, which he gives to Howel 
and (son of, C.D.) Goronwy, 74. 
expels the cavalier Saer from Pem- 
broke, and grants the custody of the 
castle to Gerald the steward, 76. 
sends knights to subdue Xormandy, 78. 
himself sails over, 80. 
captures earl Robert and his cousin 

William, 80. 

reduces the whole of Normandy, 80. 
sends a certain nation from Flanders 

to occupy Dyved, 80. 
receives Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, 

and suffers him to dwell in a hamlet 



INDEX. 



449 



Ilcnry I. — conl. 

which lie had obtained with his 
wife, 92. 

restores Ceredigion to Cadwgan, upon 
the payment <><" a hundred pounds, 
'j-i. 

offers on certain conditions to liberate 
[orwerth, son of Bleddyn, from 
prison, 9G. 

gives the land of Cadwgan, son of 
Bleddyn, to Gilbert, son of Kickert, 
104. 

retains Cadwgan at his court, and 
allows him twenty-four pence to- 
wards his expenditure, 104. 

gives Towys to Cadwgan, and is re- 
conciled to Owaiu his son, 108. 

grants to Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, 
the custody of the land of his bro- 
ther lorwerth, until Owaiu should 
return to the country, 110. 

gives the land to Owain on receiving 
pledges and the promise of much 
money, 1 1 0. 

seizes and imprisons carl Robert, 110. 

leads an army against Gwynedd and 
l'owys, 1 1 2. 

sends out three different armies, com- 
manded respectively by himself, 
Alexander, son of Malcolm, and the 
son of Hugh, earl of Caerleon, 114. 

arrives with his retinue at MurCastell, 
114. 

sends messengers to Owain, requiring 
him to make peace, 1 14. 

goes to Normandy, 118. 

returns from Normandy, 118- 

summons Gruffudd, son of Cynan, to 
him, and induces him with many 
promises to endeavour to secure 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 120. 

his great power and success, I 28. 

sends for Owain, son of Cadwgan, and 
persuades him to expel Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, 1 34. 

remain.'- in Normandy, because of the 
war between him and the king of 
Prance, 142. 



Henry I.— cont. 

having made peace with the king of 
France, he sets sail for England, 144. 

encounters a dreadful siorm at sen, in 

which his children anil retinue are 

shipwrecked and drowned, 146. 
marries the daughter of a prince of 

Germany. U6. 
raises an immense army against the 

men of Powya, 146. 
is struck by an arrow, 148. 
is alarmed, and proposes to enter into 

terms of peace with Maredudd, 

son of Bleddyn, and the sons ,,1 

Cadwgan, 148, 150. 
returns from Normandy, having made 

pence with his enemies, 132. 
his death in Normandy, 156. 
Henry II., king of England, obtains the 

throne, 182. 
leads an immense army to the plains 

of Caerleon, or Chester, 

Gwynedd, 184. 
proceeds through the wood of Cen- 

nadlog to meet Owain, prince of 

Gwynedd, 186. 
a battle fought between him and the 

sons of Owain. ISC. 
marches to Rhuddlan, 1S6. 
many of his warriors land in Mona, anil 

pillage several of the churches, 

188. 
makes peace with Owain, 188. 
is opposed by Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 

alone, 188. 
summons Rhys to him, and receives 

him into peace, 190. 
deceives Rhys as to his promises, I'JO. 
disregards Rhys's complaints 190. 
proceeds to South Wales against Rhys, 

192. 
re! urns to England, 192. 
proceeds beyond sen. 192. 
moves an army against South Wales, 

198. 
having received hostages from Rhys, 

he returns to England, 198. 
leads his army back into Wales, 200. 
F F 



450 



INDEX. 



Henry II. — cent. 

encamps for three days at Rhuddlan, 
200. 

returns to England, and collects a vast 
army of the choice warriors of Eng- 
land, Normandy, Flanders, Anjoii, 
Gascony. and Scotland, against the 
. 200. 

proceeds to Oswestry, 200. 

moves his army to the woods of the 
Vale of Ceiriog, 200. 

encamps on the Berwyn mountains, 
200. 

overtaken by a dreadful storm, 200, 
202. 

moves to the open plains of England, 
202. 

orders the hostages that had been 
previously delivered up to him to be 
blinded, 202, 

moves his army to Caerleon or Ches- 
ter, and encamps there for several 
days. 202. 

returns to England, 202. 

instigates the murder of Thomas, 
archbishop of Canterbury, 208. 

contention between him and the king 
of France on that account, 208. 

denies that it was by his counsel the 
murder was perpetrated, and refuses 
to go to Rome, 2lo. 

is alarmed on account of the apostolical 
excommunication, and returns to 

England, 210. 

gammons to him all the princes of 
England and Wales under the pre- 
text of subduing Ireland, 210. 

receives the lord Rhys into his friend- 
ship, 210. 

proceeds to South Wales, 210. 

captures Iorwerth, son of Owain, upon 
the river Usk, 210. 

proceeds with a large army into Fern- 
broke, 212. 

gives Ceredigion, the Vale of Tywi, 
Ystlwyv, and Euelvre to the lord 
Rhys, 212. 

goes on a pilgrimage to Menevia, 212. 



Henry II. — cont. 

makes there an offering of two choral 

caps for the singers, and a handful 

of silver, 214. 
dines with David, the bishop, 214. 
receives some horses from Rhys. 214, 
releases Howel, son of Rhys, who had 

been with him as hostage, 214. 
sets sail for Ireland, 2 1 ii. 
remains there during the winter, 216. 
returns from Ireland, 216. 
anises at Fembroke, where he remains 

during Easter, 216. 
has an interview with Rhys, 218. 
returns to England, 218. 
sends for Iorwerth, son of Owain, to 

come and speak to him about peace, 

218. 
promises a certain sum of monev to 

his son Henry for his private ex- 
penses, 220. 
appoints men to watch his son, 220. 
receives IIowcI, son of Rhys, honour- 
ably, whom his father had sent with 

the view of serving the king, 222. 
goes to the holy war, 234. 
his death, 234. 
Henry-, son of Henry II., slain in a battle 

with the men of Mona, 188. 
I lenry, son of 1 lenry II., desires a loan from 

his father, to meet his personal 

expenses, 220. 
is reconciled to his father, 224. 
his death, 232. 
Henry III., king of England, succeeds to 

the throne, 292. 
is consecrated king by the bishop of 

Rath, 294. 
his knights hold a council at Oxford 

to treat of peace with Louis, son of 

the king of France, and the men of 

the North, 294. 
having come to no agreement, his men 

attack his allies, 294. 
they prevail against the French and 

the North men at Lincoln, 296. 
is reconciled with Rheinallt de Bruse, 

298. 



INDEX. 



451 



Henry TU—cont 

peace declared between him and Louis 

of France, 302. 
the terms of the peace, .'SO:.'. 
leads a powerful army against Llyw- 
elyn, SOU of lorwerth, ami his con- 
federates, 316, 
encamps at Ceri, 31G. 
fights against the Welsh, 316. 
returns to England, having received 
the homage of some of the princes, 
and concluded terms of peace with 
Llywelyn, 31 G. 

sails for France with the view of 
asserting his right as to Normandy, 
Anjou, and l'oictou, -'JIG. 

returns to England, 318. 

builds Pain's Castle in Elvael, 318. 

a dispute between him and llickert 
Marshall, earl of Pembroke, 320. 

marries the daughter of the carl of 
Provence, 324. 

a son is born to him, who is named 
Edward, 326. 

receives the homage of David, son of 
Llywelyn, at Gloucester, 328. 

assembles an army with a view of 
subduing the princes of Wales, 328. 

fortifies the castle of Carreg, near 
Diserth, 328. 

takes hostages from David, son of 
Llywelyn, on account of Gwym idd, 
328. 

cites him to London, 328. 

sails for l'oictou, with the view of 
obtaining from the king of France 
his right as to his lands, 328. 

tarries with his queen at P-ourdeaux, 
328. 

returns from Hourdeaux, 330. 

assembles the power of England and 
Ireland for the purpose of conquer- 
ing Wales, 33(1. 

comes to Dyganwy. and fortifies the 
castle, 330. 

returns to England, having lost a vast 
portion of his army, 330. 



Henry 111 — ami. 

Bends Nicholas de Mylcs, Maredudd, 
son of Rhys the Hoarse, ami 

Maredudd, son of Owain, to <lis- 

jmsscss Maelgwn the Little. 332, 
settles wiili Gruffudd, abbot of Strain 

Florida, in respect of a debt which 
the monastery owed, 334. 
permits the abbot of Strata Florida 
and the abbot of Abereonway to 

remove the body of Gruffudd, son 
of Llywelyn, from London to the 

latter placet 33 i. 
sails for Bourdeaux, having com- 
mended the kingdom to the care "i 

Edward his son, Hickert earl of 

Cornwall, his brother, and the 

queen, 338. 
returns from Gascony, having left 

Edward there to guard it. 
brings a large army to Dyganwy, 34 I. 
returns to England, .'ill. 
sails for France to confer with the 

king, 34 G. 
a disturbance between him ami his 

son Edward on the one side and the 

earls and barons on the other, 350. 
arrives on the plains of Lewes with 

the view of Seizing the earls and 

barons, 350. 
he himself and bis two sons are 

seized by them, 352. 
is set at liberty. ■".."> 2. 
collects a large army from Kngland 

for the purpose of attacking the 

castle Of Celli Wrda, occupied |>y 

Simon Montford, 354. 
marches to London against Llywelyn. 

son of Gruffudd, who had takes 

possession of the city, 354. 
peace confirmed between him and 

Llywelyn. 354. 
the terms and conditions of peace, 356. 
his death, 358. 
Henry Pictot, lord of Ewias, 314. 
Henry, emperor of Koine, character and 

(hath of, 78. 
Hercules, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, compared 

to, 246. 

F F 2 



452 



INDEX. 



Hereford, the battle of, 6. 

Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, marshals 

his troops at, 42. 
Gerard, bishop of, succeeds to the see 

of York, 66, 
Milo, earl of, slain. 16 I. 
Gilbert, abbot of Gloucester, conse- 
crated bishop of, 170. 
Roger, earl of, dies, 1S4. 
the seneschal of, commanded by king 
John to compel Rhys the Hoarse 
to deliver up the castle of Llan- 
ymddyvri and the district to the 
sons of GrufFudd, son of Rhys, or 
to quit the country, 274. 
king John comes to, 202. 
Giles, bishop of. makes peace with 

king John, 284. 
the earl of, slain in battle, 296. 
the carl of, gets possession of Brech- 
einiog, 364. 
Herwald, bishop of l.landaf, death of, 80. 
Ilcunui. bishop of Menevia, death of, 40. 
Hiraethwy, the battle of, 38. 
Jlirbarth, Constantine, son of Iago, killed 

in the battle of, 28. 
Ilirmawr, killed by the Pagans, 22. 
llirvryn,tbe comet of, allotted to Maelgwn, 

son of Rhys, 288. 
Hoedlyw, son of Cadwgan, the son of 

Elstan, 140. 
Holywell, the earl of Caerleou build- the 

castle of. -ill. 
Honorius IH., succeeds as pope, 202. 
Horses, Rhys, son of GrufFudd, stipulates 
to give three hundred, to king Henry 
II., 210. 
he sends him eighty-six, of which the 
king selects thirty six, 212, 214. 
Hospital, master of the. leads an army of 

Christians to Danoietta, ."><>4. 
Hot summer, 4, 22. 

Howel, defeats his brother Cynan in 
battle, 10. 
subdues the isle of Mona, expelling 

his brother ('yuan therefrom, 10. 
driven from Mona. (Man, D.), 10. 
driven to Man, 10. 
dies at Rome, 16. 



Howel, slain by Caradog, son of GrufFudd, 

50. 
Howel, son of Cadwalader, hanged in Eng. 

land, 27 2. 

Howel, son of Edwin, holds the govern- 
imnt of South Wales, 38. 
dispossessed of his territory by Gruf- 

fudd, son of Llywelyn, 40. 
conquered by Gruffudd in the battle 

of Pen Cadeir, 40. 
his wife captured, 40. 
vanquishes the Pagans who were ra- 
vaging Dyved, 40. 
meditates the devastation of South 

Wales, 40. 
is slain, 40. 
Howel, son of Edwin (Owain, CD. E.), 

king of Glamorgan, death of. 4ft 
Howel the Good, goes to Rome, 20. 

death of, 22. 
Howel, son of Goronwy, fights against the 
ca.stle of Pembroke, 58. 
(CD.) receives the Vale of Tywi, 
Cydweli, and Gower from king 
Henry I., 74. 
driven from his dominions, 76. 
commits depredations and kills many 

of the French, 7(1. 
is killed through treachery by the 

French, 76. 
manner of his death, 78. 
Howel, son of Gruffudd, expels his uncle, 
Maredudd, son of Cynan, from 
Meirionydd, 2/56. 
summoned by Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
werth, to join him against the 
English, 266. 
takes a part in Llywelyn's expedition, 

286. 
lu< death and burial, 204. 
bis character, 294. 
Howel, son of Idnerth, urges Gruffudd. 
son of Rhys, to undertake an ex- 
pedition against Ceredigion, 120, 
12S. 
Howel, son of Ieuav, devastates the grove 
of Celynog (Cyveiliog, C.) the 
Great, 20. 



INDEX. 



453 



Hovel, son of Icuav — cont. 

conquers the territory of lago, e m of 
Idwal, 26. 

kills Constantinc, son of lago, in the 

baiilo ofHirbarth, 26. 
devastates Cyveiliog the Great, 26. 

kills many of Alvryd's men, 2S. 
killed by the Saxons, 28. 
Howel, son of Iennv, or Ieuan, son of 

Owain, gets possession of the eastle 

of Tavalwern in Cyveiliog, through 

treachery, 19G. 
commands the men of Arwystli in 

pursuit of Owain Gwynedd, 196. 
Ins death and burial, 232. 
his (son's. C.D.E.) death, 2. r >0. 
Sowel, son of Iorwerth, destroys the town 

of Caerfeon, and devastates the 

country. 212. 
destroys the territory of king Henry 

II. as far as Hereford and Glou- 
cester, 218. 
attacks Gwent [seoed, subdues the 

whole country, except the castle, 

and takes hostages of the thief men 

of the country, 222. 
seizes Owen Pencarwn, his uncle, 

blinds and castrates him, 224. 
is driven out of Caerleon by the 

French, 224. 
Howel, son of Ethel, goes to Ireland, 62. 
a dissension bctsveen him and the 

sons of Owain, son of Edwin, 142. 
death of, 144. 
Hovel, bishop of Llanelwy, death and 

burial of, 3-32. 
Howel, son of Madog, slain, 162. 
Howel, king of Man, death of, 10. 

Howel, son of Marcdudd, governs in S >uth 

Wales, 38. 
Howel, son of Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, 

killed by Some one unknown, 1G2. 
Howel, son of Maredudd of Drecheiniog, 

joins tlie expedition of Owain and 

Cadwalader, the sons of Gruffudd, 
158. 



Howel, son of Man du Id of Glami 

fugitive anion- the mountain . 
Howel, son of Maredudd, sou of Rhydd- 
ercb, slain by the machination of 
Rhys, son of Howel, 162. 
Howel, Mm ofMeurug, constable of Roger 
Mortimer's new castle i:i Maclien- 
ylil, slain, with his wife, sons, and 
daughters, 348. 
Howel, son of Owain, seizes Cadwalader, 
son of Gruff udd'6, share of Ceredig- 
ion, and burns his castle at A.ber- 
ystwytb, 164. 

ravages A.berteivi, 166. 

takes the castle of Caerniarthen, IG8. 

is invited to aid Cadeil, Maredudd, 
and Rhys, sons of Gruffudd, and 
William, son of Gerald, and his 
brothers, in their attack upon the 
castle of Gwys, 172. 

invited under the promise <<f a reward 
to fight for the king, (J).), 172. 

defends the castle, (I).), 172. 

is successful in his attack upon the 

castle, 174. 
a dissension between him and his 

uncle Cadwalader, 174. 
calls out the men of Meiiionydd, 174. 
attacks the eastle of Cadwalader in 

Cynvael, and takes it, 174. 
captures his cousin Cad van, son of 

Cadwalader, and seize- his land and 

castle, 178. 
the whole of i 

castle, taken from him (given to 

him, IJ.) by Cadeil. Maredudd, an 1 

Rhys, the sons of Gruffudd, 1 78. 
obtains by force the castle of I.lan- 

rhystud, and burns it, killing the 

garrison, 178. 
repairs the castle of the son of Ilum- 

frey in the Vale of Calcttwr, 180. 
encamps at the castle of Diuwcleir, 

Mi!, 
ordered by Ling Henry II. to be 

blinded, 202. 
killed by his brother David, 206. 



45 1 



INDEX. 



Ilowel, son of Rhys, goes with his brother 
Gruffudd to Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 
for protection from Henry II., 120. 
his former Imprisonment and snbse- 
i|uent escape, 120. 
Howel, son of Rhys the Hoarse, quits bis 
territory, and proceeds to Gw\ nedd 
i i 1.1 vwclyn, Bon of Gruffudd, 366. 
Howel the Saxon, son of Rhys, released 
by king Henry II., having been 
i-ly retained by him as 
. 214. 
Ben! by hi- father to serve the king 
!,.;. ond sea, 222. 

is honourably received by the king, 222. 
Obtains the castle of Gwys through 

treachery, 238. 
captures Philip, son of Gwys, the 

keeper of the castle, with his wife 

and two sons, 2.38. 

permits bis family and the family of 
Maelgwn, his brother, to demolish 
the castle of Llanuhadein, 238. 
releases bis father from prison, 240. 
stabbed at ( lemaes by the men of 

Maelgwn, his brother, 260. 
his death and burial, 260. 
Hubert, archbishop at Canterbury, dies, 
260. 
his dignity, 260. 
Hugh, his injuries to the Britons. TQ, 
Hugh, the castle of, taken by young Rhys, 

284. 

Hugh, earl of Caerleon, the son of, accuses 
Gruffudd, son of Cynan, and Gor- 
onwy, son of 1 twain, 1 12. 
purposes to exterminate all the Bri- 
tons. 1 12. 
commands an army under king Henry 
I., U4. 
Hugh the Fat, leads a troop of French 
againsl Gwynedd, 60. 
i- Mounded in the face by Magna-. 

king of Germany, 62. 
his death, 06. 
Hugh dc Lacy, king John takes their 
land and castles from the sons of, 
262, 264. 



Hugh de Mortimer, seizes Rhys, son of 

Howe], and puts him in prison. ]• . 
Hugh, son of Raulf, repairs the castle of 
Gemaron, and conquers Maelienvdd 
166. 
Hugli de Say, marshals his cavalry against 

the Welsh, 242. 
Humfrey, the castle of, burnt by the sons 
of Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 162. 
the castle of the son of, repaired by 

Howel, son of Owain, 180. 
the castle of, stored by Roger, earl 

of Clare, 190. 
the castle of, attacked by Einon, son 
of Anarawd, 192. 



1. 



Iago, Gruffudd, son of Cynan, fights against 

the men of, 48. 
lago, son of Idwal, ravages Pvvr'L 22. 
deprives his brother leuav of his eyes, 

24. 
expelled from his territory, 26. 
is captured and his territory con- 
quered. 26. 

[ago, son of Idwal, holds the government 

of Gwynedd, 38. 
is slain, .38. 
Idwal, the sons of, fight against the sons 

of Owain, son of Howel, in the 

battle of Carno. 22. 
his sons fight against the SOD 

Howel, in the battle of Conwy, 22. 
they devastate Ceredigion, 22. 
they reign at the time when the great 

snow happened, 24. 
their kingdoms ravaged by the Saxoi 

24. 
Idwal. is slain. 26. 
Idwal, son of Menrng, is slain, 32. 
Idwal, son of Rbodri, killed by the Saxons 

20. 
Idwal, son of Rhodri, killed, 24. 
Idwallon, death of, 12. 
ldwallon, son of Einon, death of, 26. 



INDEX. 



i:>.-) 



Icuan, car! of Caerleon, death of, 826. 
Icuan, son of Dwnwal, imprisoned in the 

castle of Abergavenny '218. 
Ieuan, bigb priest of Llanbadarn, dies, 

160. 
Ieuan, son of Owain, expels Marcdadd, son 
of Llywareh, from his country, 154. 
slain by the sons of Llywareh, son 
of Owain, his cousin, 154, 156. 
Ieuan, son of Seisyll, obtains the castle of 
Abergavenny, through treachery, 
from the men of king Henry II., 
218. 
leuav, son of Idwal, ravages Dyveri, 22. 
blinded by his brother Iago, 2-1. 
imprisoned and hanged, 2-1. 
Igmond, comes to the isle of Mona, and 
fights the battle of Rhos Meilon, 18. 
Innocent III., pope, absolves Llywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth, Gwcnwynwyn, 
and Maelgwn, son of Rhys, from 
their oath of fidelity to the king 
of England. i>72. 
releases the interdict of the kingdom, 

280. 
his death, 292. 
Innoeent/pope, intercedes for the liberation 

of Eleanor, 362. 
Insects, a destructive swarm of, 220. 
Ionathal, prince of Abergeleu, dies, 12. 
Ionaval, son of Meurng, killed by ( «ad- 

wallon, son of leuav, 28. 
Iorwerth, son of Elcddyn, invited by 
Robert, earl of Shrewsbury, and 
Ernulf. his brother, to aid them 
against Henry I., 68. 
invited by the promise of a larger 

reward to join the king, 70. 
receives from the king a grant of 
Powys, Ceredigion, and the hall' of 
Dyved, 70. 
despoils the territory of earl Robert. 

70. 
makes peace with his brothers, and 
shares the dominion between them, 
72. 
confines his brother Maredudd in the 
king's prison, 7 1. 



Eorwerth, son of Bleddj i 

bis brother Cadwgan the ter- 
ritory of Ceredigion, and o part of 

Powys, 7 1. 

is disappointed by the king, who de- 
parts from his engagement with 

him, 71. 
cited to Shrewsbury . lined, and cast 
into prison. 7ii. 

his character, 76, 

stipulates with the king for his release, 

96. 
his message to Owain and Madog, 96,98, 
takes measures to pursue them, '.is. 
repairs to the court of the king, 102. 
is plotted ogainsl by Madog, with the 

assistance of Llywnrch's accom- 
plices, and killed. 106, 108. 
Iorwerth, sou of Llywareh, killed by Llyw- 
elyn, son of Owain, in IVnvys, 154. 
Iorwerth, bishop of Menevia. proposes 
terms of peace to Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwerth, :ioo. 
buries (he body of Maredudd. son of 
Rhys, 316. 
Iorwerth, son of'Xudd, killed in battle, II I. 
Iorwerth, son of Owain. killed. 156. 
Iorwerth, son of Owain, governs the land 
of Caerleon. Isf. 
taken by king Henry II. on the river 

Usk, 210. 
destroys the town of Caerleon, and 

devastates the country, 210, 212. 
sent for by the king to confer with 

him on the subject of peac> 
destroys the territory of the king as 
far as Hereford and Gloucester, 2 I B. 
attacks Caerleon. 222. 

attacks Gwenl Iscoed, 222. 
subdues the whole country, 222. 
driven by the French from Caerleon, 

224. 

recovers Caerleon. 226. 
[orwerththe Red, son of Maredudd, burns 
the Castli 188. 

leads an army against lienry II.. 200. 

driven from his people and li is ter- 
ritory in Mochnant, 204. 



45C 



INDEX. 



Iorwtrth, abbot of Tal y Llycheu, made 

bishop of Menevia, 284. 
Ireland, a mortality in, 2. 
rains blood in, 4. 
arrival of the Pagans in, 8. 
failure of provisions in, 16. 
devastated by the people of Dublin, 

20. 
a fleet fails coming from, to South 

Wales, 42. 
a fleet from, endangers South Wales, 

42. 
Rhys, son of Twdwr, retreats into, 52. 
Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, and Gruf- 
fudd, son of Cynan, retreat into, GO. 
IIowcl, son of Ithel, goes to, (32. 
Cadwalader, son of Gruffudd, collects 
a fleet from, and lands at Aber- 
menai, 164, 
Kickcrt, earl of Terstig, sails for, 208. 
king Henry II. goes to, 21G. 
returns from. 21 0. 
king John goes to, 2G2. 
"William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, 
sails for, .310. 
Irish, a slaughter of the, at Aber Tywi, 

40. 
Iscocd, Gruffudd, son of Rhys, proceeds 

to, 128. 
Isles, the Pagans of the, demolish Me- 
nevia, 54. 
Ithel, son of Gruffudd, killed in the battle 

of Mcehain, 46. 
Ithelj king of Gwent, slain by the men of 

Brecheiniog, 12. 
Ithel, son of Rbirid, incited by Rickert, 
bishop of London, to seize Owain, 
son of Cadwgan, 86. 
seizes the portion of Powys belonging 
to Cadwgan and his son Owain. 92. 
demanded by king Henry L as hostage 
in respect of the release of lor wcrth, 
son of Bleddyn, 9G. 
liberated from the king's prison, 150. 
slain by his eon- in Gruffudd, son of 
Maredudd, 152. 
Ithel, abbot of Ystrad Marchell, death of, 
232. 



Ivor, son of Alan, king of Armorica, 
reigns as chief or prince in Bri- 
tain, 2. 
his death, 2. 

Ivor, son of Idnerth, cuts off the French 
at Aber Llech, 58. 

Ivor, son of Meurug, the men of, treach- 
erously kill Morgan, son of Owain 
Gwynedd, 188. 

Ivor, of Forth Talarthi, dies, ."52. 

Jweryd. mother of Owain and Uchtryd, 
the sons of Edwin, king of Tegeingl, 
140. 



•J. 



Jeffrey, bishop of Llandaf, death of, 184. 
Jeffrey, bishop of Menevia, death of, US. 
Jeffrey, bishop of Menevia, death of, 2S0. 
Jerusalem, Robert, brother of Henry I., 
returns victoriously from, G4. 
Morgan, son of Cadwgan, dies on his 

return from, 154. 
pilgrims to, are drowned, 1GG. 
Louis, king of France, proceeds to, 

172. 
subdued by the Saracens and the Jews, 

234. 
Baldwin, archbishop of Canterbury, 

goes to, 236. 
an earthquake at, 25G. 
several crusaders go to, 304. 
Jerusalem, king of, leads the Christians to 

Damietta, 304. 
Jerusalem, patriarch of, comes to England 
to request aid from king Henry II. 
against the Jews and Saracens, 232. 
leads the Christians to Damietta, 304. 
Jews and Saracens, threaten the destruction 
of Jerusalem, 232. 
take possession of the Cross, and sub- 
due Jerusalem, 234. 
Joan, dame, daughter of king John,, and 
wife of Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
dies at Aber, 324. 
is buried in a new cemetery on the side 
of the strand, 324. 



INDEX. 



457 



John, fortifies the castles of Menem and 

Ruellt. 330. 
John, cardinal, arrives in England, and 

holds a council, 2G0. 
John, king of England, succeeds to the 
throne, 254. 

banishes "William Bruse, his son "Wil- 
liam, and their wives and grandsons, 
to Ireland, 2C2. 

seizes Gwenwynwyn at Shrewsbury, 
2G2. 

goes with an immense army to Ireland, 
262. 

dispossesses the sons of Hugh de Lacy 
of their land and castles. 202, 204. 

having received homage of all in Ire- 
land, and captured the wife of 
William Erase, and young William, 
and his wife, sou, and daughter, he 
returns to England, 2G-I. 

makes preparations for the subjugation 
of Gwynedd, 266. 

comes to Dygamvy, 2GG. 

having suffered great privations and 
losses, he returns to England, 268. 

is deprived of the Midland district hy 
Llywclyn, son of Ionverth, Gwen- 
wynwyn, and Maelgwn, son of 
Rhys, 272. 

commands the seneschal of Hereford, 
and Eoulke, the seneschal of Cardiff, 
to compel fihyfi the Hoarse to de- 
liver up the castle of Llanymddyvri 
and the district to the sons of Gruf- 
fudd, son of Rhys, or to quit the 
country, 274. 

does penance for the wrongs which he 
had committed against the church, 
276. 
recalls the archbishop of Canterbury 
and the other bishops and scholars 
from exile, 278. 
makes his kingdom a tributary of the 

Roman see, 278. 
sails for Poietou with a large army, 

278. 
makes a truce of seven years with the 
king of France, 280. 



John, king of England— cont, 
returns to England, 280. 
pays many of th< I the clergy, 

280. 
a disturbance between bini and his 

barons, 
tlic Welsh rise a ainsi him, 282. 
loses London into the hands of the 

men <<f the North. 
makes peace with Gwenwynwyn, 25)0. 
secures the rivers and harbours Oj 

the approach of I. .mis, the son of the 

French kin;.', 292, 
ilees towards Winchester ami the Yale 

of the Severn, 292. 
hums the town of Winchester lest it 

should fall into the hands of Louis, 

and fortifies the castle, 292. 
proceeds to Hereford, 292. 
requires the Welsh princes to enter 

into terms of peace with him, 292. 
proceeds to Gelli and Maes Ilvveidd, 

burns the tow:,.-, and demolishes the 

castles, 292. 
ravages and destroys I tswestry, 292. 
dies at Newark, 292. 
his body conveyed to Worcester, wh< re 

it is buried, near the grave of St. 
Dunstan, 292. 
Joseph, bishop of 1 Jandaf, death of, 40. 

Joseph, bishop of Menevia, death of, 4-1. 



EC. 



Kent, Worgan consecrated in, by arch- 
bishop Ancellin, 80. 



L. 



Lacy, Hugh de. his sons dispossessed of 
their land and castles by king John, 
2G2. 

Latcran church, a general council held at, 
28G. 



■153 



INDEX. 



Leinster, the men of, oppose Brian, king of 
all Ireland, and his allies, 84. 
Diermld, king of, dies, 208. 

LeweB, the king of England and the king 
of Germany meet on the plains of, 

350. 

Lincoln, the North men and the French 
under Louis, take possession of the 
city of, 294. 
it is retaken by the English under 
William .Marshall, earl of Pembroke, 
and others, 296. 
Lincoln, the bishop of, dies, 324. 
Lincoln, the earl of, with Roger Mortimer. 
leads an army to Castle Baldwin, 
364. 
they besiege the castle of Dolvorwyn, 
and gain it. 364, 3G6. 
Little Cenarch (Cengarth, D.~), founded by 
Gerald, the steward of Pembroke, 
82. 
Llanarthiuii, capture of Rhys the Hoarse 

at, 310. 
Llanbadam, devastated by the Pagans, 
30. 
depopulated by G ruff udd, son oi'Llvw- 

elyn, son of Seisyll, 40, 
leuan, the high priest of, dies, 160. 
Mahalt de Brusedies at, 2CG. 
Maredudd, son of Owain, dies at, 
252. 
Llanbadam the Great, the church of, 

burnt, 344. 
Llandaf, Joseph, bishop of, dies at Rome, 
40. 
Ilerwald, bishop of, dies, 80. 
Uelitryd, bishop of, dies, 170. 
Jeffrey, bishop of, dies, 184. 
Llandeilo, burnt by Rhys the Hoarse, 

270. 
Llandeilo the Great, Rhys the Hoarse dies 

at. 320. 
Lhmdinam, Owain Gwyncdd moves an 

army as far as, 1 96. 
Llandydoch, devastated by the Pagans, 30. 
a battle near, between Rhys, son of 
Tewdwr, and GrufFudd, son of 
Maredudd, 54. 



Llanddewi Brcvi, the sanctuary of Dewi 

at, defiled and laid waste, 90. 
Llanegwad, the castle of, subdued by young 

Rhys, 258. 
Llanegwestl, the monastery of, founded by 

Madog, son of GrufFudd Maelor 

2.00. 
GrufFudd, son of Madog, buried at, 

356. 
Llanelwy, Adam, bishop of, dies, 230. 
Abraham, bishop of, dies, 320. 
Howel, bishop of, dies, 332. 
Llanerch Aeron, death of Maelgwn, son of 

Rhys, at, 318. 
Llangadog, the castle of, won by (from, E.) 

Maelgwn, son of Rhys, and Gwen- 

wynwyn, son of Owain Cyveiliog, 

258. 
taken possession of by Rhys the Little, 

262. 
burnt by Rhys and Owain, sons of 

GrufFudd. 202. 
Llangarvan, devastated by the Pagans, 30. 
Llan Geneu, the castle of, reduced and 

taken, 344. 
Llangi wg, Llywelyn, son of lor werth, en- 
camps at, 300. 
Llangors, Trabaiarn the Little seized on 

his passage through, 250. 
Llangwm, battle near, between the sons of 

Meurug and Maredudd, 32. 
Llaniiltud, devastated by the Pagans, 30. 
Llaurhystud, a castle at, constructed by 

Cadwalader, son of GrufFudd, 170. 
the castle conquered by the sons of 

GrufFudd, son of Rhys, 178. 
Llunrwst, the action of Conwy at, between 

the sons of Idwal and the sons of 

Howel, 22. 
L'.anstepban, the castle of, burnt by the 

sons of GrufFudd, son of Cynan, 

102. 
conquered by the sons of GrufFudd, 

son of Rhys, 108. 
taken possession of by Rhys, son of 

GrufFudd. 234. 
demolished by Llywelyn, son of Ior- 

werth, 286. 



INDEX. 



459 



Llanstephan — cont, 

destroyed by Llywelyn, son of Gmf- 

fudd, and his associates, 344. 
Lkmuhadcin. the castle of, taken by Rhys, 

sun of Gruffudd, 23G. 
demolished by permission of Howe! 

the Saxon, son of Rhys, son of 

( ; ruffudd, 238. 
Llanvaes, tlie battle of. in Mona, 10. 

the monastery of, built by Llywelyn, 

son of Iorwerth, in honour of his 

wife Joan, 326. 
Llanviltangel Gelynrod, death of Gwca- 

lliau, daughter of young Maelgwn. 

at, 338. 
Llanweithenog, devastated by Godfrey, son 

of Harold, 28. 
Llairwenog, the battle of, 28. 
Llanyniddyvri, the castle of, attacked by 

Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 122. 
suhdued by Rliys, sou of Gruffudd, 

l'.M). 

taken possession of by Gruffudd, son 

of Rhys, 25G. 
obtained by the family of young Rhys, 

son of Gruffudd, 2. 58. 
obtained through devices, by Gwen- 

wynwyn and Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 

won from Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 258, 

2G0. 
taken possession of by Rhys the 

Hoarse, 204. 
strengthened by Rhys the Hoarse. 

276. 
yielded to young Rhys, 270. 
allotted to Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 

288. 
Maredudd, son of Gruffudd, dies in, 

Llawddeii, nephew of Gurgeiieu the abbot, 
slain by Cynan and Owain Gwyn- 
edd, 206. 

Lle\ ii. devastated by the sons of Ablure. 2-1. 
devastated byGwrmid, 20. 
devastated by Constantine, son of 

[ago, and Godfrey, son of Harold. 

20. 



Lleyn cont. 

t 'adwala !er and I hv.tin. IOM of ' 

fudd, remove all their property from 
Meirionydd into, 160. 
subdued by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
258. 

tin' eantrev of, conceded to Owain the 
Red. 370. 

Llwyn Tina, Owain. prince ofGwynedd, 
encamps in front of, 186. 

Llych Crei, the battle of, 52. 

Llychwr, the castle of, reduced by young 
Rhys, 284. 

Llywarch, son ofHennyth, dies, 18. 

Llywarch, son of Owain, deprived of his 
eyes, 28. 

Llywarch, son of Owain, son of Edwin, 
a dissension between him with bis 
brothers, and Howel, son of Ithel, 
1-12. 
slaughtered in battle with Howel and 
his allies, 144. 

Llywarch, son of Trahaiarn, his aid pro- 
mised to Ithel and Madog, 
of lihirid, against Owain, son of 
Cadwgan, by Rickert, bishop of 
London, 86, 
plots with Madog, son of Rhirid, 
against Iorwerth, son of Bleddyn, 
106. 
his land invaded by the family of 

Maredudd, son of Bleddyn. 1 in. 
joined by king Henry I., with Owain, 

son of Cadwgan, in an i spcdition 

against Grull'udd, son of Rhys, 
184. 
his territory ravaged by Maredudd, 
son of Bleddyn, and others, l. r >2. 
Llywelyn, son of Cadwallon, unjust!) 

seized and blinded by his brothers, 
232, 

Llywelyn, son of Cadwgan, takes part in a 
battle at Camddwr, 48. 
and in the battle of Gwennottyll, 

killed by the men of Brecheiniog, 02. 
Llywelyn, son of Cedivor, defeated and 
slain by Rhys, sou of Tcwdwr, 54. 



460 



I.YDJ-X. 



Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, awaits the 
hostile arrival <>f his brothers, 
340. 

captures and imprisons (twain the 
Red, 340. 

takes possession of the territory of 
Owain and David, 340, 

listens to the complaints of the Welsh 

nobles, 340. 
in company with Maredudd, son of 

Rhys the IIoar.se, invades the Mid- 
land country, 340. 
takes Meirionydd to himself, ."342. 
gives the part of Ceredigion, which 

belonged to Edward, with Buellt, 

to Maredudd, son of Owaiu, 342. 
restores his territory to Maredudd, son 

ofKhys the Hoarse, 342. 
wrests Gwertbrynion from Roger 

Mortimer, 342. 
in company with Maredudd, son of 

Rhys the Hoarse, and Maredudd, 

son of Owain, invades the territory 

of Gruffudd, son of Gwenwyiiwyn, 

342. 
destroys the castle of Bydydon, 342. 
destroys the castle of Aber Torran, 

Llanstephan, Arberth, and M:a-n- 

clochog, 344. 
subdues Cemaes, 344. 
is reconciled to Gruffudd, son of 

Madog, 344. 
enters Buellt, 34G. 
takes it, with the exception of the 

castle, from Roger Mortimer, 346. 
returns to Gwyncdd, 34C. 
his men gain the castle of Buellt by a 

night onset, and destroy it, 31C>. 
receives Owain, son of Maredudd of 

Elvael, into peace, 3411. 
comes with a large army to Maelien- 

ydd, 348. 
receives the homage of the men of 

Maelienydd, 348. 
permits Roger Mortime to return 

back, 348. 
goes to Brecheiniog, 348. 
returns to Gwvnedd, 348. 



Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd — cant. 

becomes prince of all Wales, 352. 
confederates with earl Clare, 354. 
peace formed between him and kin<» 

Henry III., 354. 
terms of the compact, 356. 
visits the car !.'■■ of I loll 01 Tl J , 
upbraids Gruffudd, Bon of Gwenwyn- 

wyn, with his deceit and disloyalty, 

3C0. 
takes from hirn Arwystli and thirteen 

townships of Cyveiliog, and carries 

liis eldest son Owain with him to 

( ; wynedd, 360. 
sends messengers to Gruffudd, son of 

Gwenwyiiwyn, who orders them to 

be imprisoned, 360. 
fights against the castle of Trallwng, 

and subdues all the territory of 

Gruffudd, 3C0. 
summoned by the king to do homage 

to hirn, 362. 
refuses to go to the king, 362. 
returns to Wales, 362. 
espouses Eleanor, daughter of Simon 

Montford, 36-2. 
sends messengers in vain to the court 

of the king about forming peace, 

364. 
comes to the king at Rhuddlan, anl 

makes liis peace with him, 370. 
is invited to London, 370. 
does homage to the king, 370. 
having remained a fortnight in Lo.i- 

don, returns home, 370. 
marries Eleanor in the great church 

at Worcester, 370. 
returns with his wife to Wales, 370. 
Llywelyn, -son of Iorwerth, combines with 

Rhodri, son of Owain, and the sons 

of Cyman, against David, son of 

Owain Gwyncdd, 240. 
captured by Gwenwyiiwyn, 250. 
subdues the cantrev of Lleyn, 256. 
raises an army from l'owys, against 

Gwenwynwyn, 25S. 
peace concluded between him and 

G w e n \vy nwy n, 2 .", S . 



INDEX. 



4G1 



Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth — rout. 

returns happily after conquering the 

castle of Bala, 2J8. 
David, son of Owain, banished out of 

Wales by him, 258. 
takes possession of Gwenwynwyn'a 

territory, castles, and courts, 262. 
repairs Aberystwyth, and takes to 

himself the cantrev of Penwedig, 

262. 
gives the rest of Ceredigion above 

Aeron to the sons of Gruffudd, sou 

of Rhys, 2 G2. 
the castle of Dygamvy demolished by 

him, 2G4. 
ravages the territory of the earl of 

Caerleon, 204. 
makes cruel attacks upon the English, 

2GG. 
king John is enraged against him, 

2G6. 
disposes his army and property for the 

campaign with John, 2GG. 
sends his wife to make peace with the 

king, 2G8. 
confederates with the Welsh princes 

against the king, 270. 
is absolved by pope Innocent from the 

oath of fidelity to the king, 272. 
reduces the castles of Dyganwy and 

Rhuddlan, 278. 
invests Shrewsbury, and receives pos- 
session of the town and castle, 282. 
is joined by Maclgwn, and Owain, son 

of Gruffudd, in Gwyncdd, 284. 
his daughter married to Rheinallt de 

Bruse, 280. 
collects a vast army to Cacrmarthen, 

28G. 
razes its castle to the ground, 280. 
demolishes the castles of Llanstephan, 

and Talacharn and St. Clare, 286. 
fights against the castle of Emlyn in 

Ceredigion, 230. 
receives the homage of the men of 

Cemaes, 28G. 
the castle ofTrevdraeth is delivered to 
him, 28G. 



Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth— con*. 

and the castles of Aberystwyth and 
i 'ilgerran, 280. 

returns victorious, with the confede- 
rate princes, 286. 

witnesses a partition of land between 
Maclgwn, s.m <.( Rhys, and Rhys 

the Hoarse and others, 288. 

strives torccal Gwenwynwyn to his 
allegiance to him, 290. 

enters 1'owvs, ami makes war on 
< rwenwynwyn, 2'JO. 

becomes angry with Rheinallt de 
llruse. 298. 

invades Brecheiniog, and attacks 
Abcrhodni, 298. 

makes peace with the men of Abcr- 
hodni, and takes five hostages from 
them, 300. 

conducts his army to Gowcr, over the 
Black Mountain, 300. 

encamps at Llangiwg, 300. 

gives the castle of Scnghenvdd to 
Rheinallt de Bruse, who had surren- 
dered to him, 300. 

leads his army towards Dyvcd, against 
the Flemings. 300. 

met at Cevn Cynwarchan. by messen- 
gers from the Flemings, 300. 

invests Haverford, 300. 

receives terms of peace from Iorwerth, 
bishop of Mcnevia, 300. 

Caermarthen and Aberteivi put under 
his custody, 302. 

advises young Rhys, and all the 
princes, to do homage to the king, 
304. 

his daughter Margaret married to 
John de Bruse, 304. 

summons the princes of Wales, 300. 

collects a vast army against the Flem- 
ings of Rhos and Pembroke, 306. 

attacks the castle of Arberth, 3 16. 

obtains ii by force. 306. 

destroys the castle of Gwys, and burns 
the town, 30G. 

comes to Haverford, and burns the 
town, 30G. 



462 



INDEX. 



Llywelyn, son of lorwerlh— cont, 

goes round Khos and Deugleddyv, 

makes a truce with the Flemings, 30G. 
returns home joyful and happy, 306. 
a dispute engendered between him 

and his son Gruffudd, 306, 
collects an army against Gruffudd, 

306. 
threatens to take revenge upon him 

and his men, 306. 

is exhorted to receive his son in peace, 

303. 
is reconciled to him, 308. 
takes from him the cantrev of 

M.irionydd and comot of Ardudwy, 

308. 
begins to build a castle therein, 308. 
goes to Aberystwyth, 308. 
obtains possession of the castle and 

the territory attached to it, 308. 
is, with the earls and barons of the 

'marches, summoned by the king to 

Shrewsbury, 308. 
is reconciled to young Rhys, 308. 
relinquishes Aberu-ivi in his favour. 

308. 

gives a part of young Rhys's territory 
to Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 310. 

sends Gruffudd, his son, with a large 
army to oppose William .Marshall, 
earl of Pembroke, 312. 

proceeds to Mabudrud, 314. 

prepares to oppose the king, 316. 

attacks his enemies, 31 G. 

receives the castle of Buellt and a 
large sum of money for the libera- 
tion of young William Bruse, 316. 

peace formed between him and lin- 
king, 316. 

hangs William Bruse. 318. 

burns the town and castle of Baldwin, 
Maes Hyveidd, Gelli, and Abcr- 
hodni, 318. 
reduces Caerleon to ashes, 318. 
casts the castles of Nedd and Cydueli 

to the ground, 318. 
proceeds to Brecnehriog, 320. 



Llywelyn, son of lorwerth — cont. 

destroys all the castles and towns, 
320. 

fights against the castle of Aberhodni 

for a month, 320. 
bums the town of Colunwy, 320. 
subjugates the Vale of Teveidiog, 320. 
burns Trallwng and Oswestry, and 
razes the Red Castle to the ground, 
320. 
builds a monastery at Llanvaes, in 

honour of his wife, 326. 
divests Maredudd, son of Madog, of 

his territory, 320. 
dies and is buried at Aberconway, 

32G. 
his good works, 326. 
Llywelyn, son of Madog, kills Stephen, 
son of Baldwin, 180. 
is killed, 194. 
Llywelyn, son of Maelgwn, dies, 318. 

is buried at Aberconway, 318. 
Llvwelyu, son of Maredudd, a confederate 
prince with Llywelyn, son of lor- 
werth, in his expedition to South 
Wales, 288. 
Llvwelyu, son of Owain, blinded by his 
uncle, Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, 
1 54, bis. 
kills lorwerth, son of Llywarch, 154. 
kills Maredudd, son of Llywarch, 154. 
his death, 202. 
his character, 202. 
Llywelyn, son of Owain, reconciled to the 
king, 866. 
placed by Pain as a youth in ward, 
366, 368. 
Llywelyn, son of young Rhys, and Howel, 
son of Rhys the Hoarse, go to 
Gwynedd, 366. 
Llywelyn, son of Seisyll, kills Aeddan, son 
of Blegywryd, and his four sons. 
34. 
makes war against Rein the Scot, 36. 
signally defeats him at Aber Gwyli, 

36. 
extent of his dominion, and prosperity 
of his reign, 36. 



INDEX. 



463 



London, taken possession of by Henry I. on 

the death of William RuftJS, 64. 
a council held in, for the purpose of 

confirming the laws of the churches 

228. 
taken by the North men from king 

John. 282. 
the bishop of, dies, 324. 
David, son of Llywelyn, cited to, by 

king Henry III., 328. 
earl Clare marches with a vast army 

to, 354. 
takes it through the treachery of the 

burgesses, 354. 
is attacked by king Henry III.. 354. 
king Henry III. interred in the new 

monastery in, 358. 
king Edward I. appoints a council in, 

.•Hi-'. 
Lough Garmon, the castle at, gained by 

Robert, son of Stephen, and Dier- 

mid, son of Murchath, 206. 
Louis, king of France, joins a crusade to 

Jerusalem, 172. 
messengers from, come to king Henry 

II., 216. 
Louis, son of Phillip, king of France, is 

sent by his father to Foictou, to 

meet king John, 278. 
comes to England with a great multi- 
tude, 290. 
receives homage from the earls and 

barons, at London, 292. 
takes the castle of Winchester, 292. 
a treaty of peace and compact with 

him discussed in a council at Oxford, 

294. 
sails for France, 294. 
returns to England with a small re- 
tinue, -J!i-t. 
desists from attacking the castle of 

Canterbury, 298. 
comes to London, and sends to France 

for help, 298. 
pacification declared between him and 

Henry, king of England, 302. 
its terms, 302. 
sails for France, 302. 



Louis (supra), king of Prance, and his 
three brothers, proceed with an 
immense army towards Jerusalem, 
884. 

proceeds to the city of Damietta, 384. 

that city is given up to him. 33 1. 

taken by the Saracens, 334. 

compelled to restore Damietta to them. 
384. 

OS it, 886. 
returns Gram his pilgrimage, 388 
Lucius, succeeds Alexander in the pnpaey. 
2:io. „ 

his death, 232. 
Ludlow. Llywelyn, son of lorwertb, and 
William Marshall, appear before the 
council of the king and archbishop 
at, 314. 
Lwmbert, assumes the bishopric of Mene- 
vi;i. 14. 
his death, 20. 



M. 

Mabudrud, Llywelyn, son of lorwertb. pro- 
ceeds with his army to, 314. 

Mabwynion, (son of Gwynion), the castle 
of, dismantled and burnt by Rhys, 
son of Gruffudd, 198. 
the comot of, alloted t<> Maelgwn, son 
of Rhys, 290. 

Macmael Minbo, slain in a sudden onset, 
40. 
his fame and power, 48. 

Mactus the monk, death of, 40. 

Madog, son of Bleddyn. assists his brothers 

in expelling Rhys, son of Tewdwr, 

from his territory and kingdom. 52. 

slain, with his brothers, in the battle 

of Llych Crei, 62. 

Madog, son of Cadwgan, holds a share of 
Powys after his brother Owen'g 
death, 138. 

invited by Howe], son of Ithel, to 

assisl him against the sons of O wain, 

son of Edwin, 142. 



4C4 



INDEX. 



Madog, son of Cadwgan— emit. 

aids in the defeat of the latter, 144. 

is opposed by king Henry I., 14C. 
Madog, son of G ruffudd Maclor, founds the 
monastery of Llanegwestl in Yale, 
254,256. 

summoned by king John to Oaerleon, 
to join bis army against Llywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth, 266. 

confederates with Llywelyn against 
the king, 270. 

his death and burial, 324. 

his character, 324.* 
Madog, son of Idnerth, joins the expe- 
dition of O'vain and Cadwalader, 
sons of G ruffudd, 158. 

his death, 1G2. 

his two sons join Owain Gwynedd 
against Henry II., 200. 
Madog, son of Llywarch, killed by his 

cousin Meurug, son of Khirid, 156. 
Madog, son of Maelgwn, hanged in Eng- 
land, 272. 
Madog, son of Marcdudd, builds the castle 
of Oswestry, and gives Cyveiliog to 
his nephews, Owain and Meurug, 
the sons of Gruffudd, 170. 

prepares to rise against Owain Gwyn- 
edd, 178. 

constructs a castle at Caereinion in 
the vicinity of Cymmer, 184. 

encamps between the army of king 
Henry II. and the army of Owain 
Gwynedd, 186. 

his death, 194. 

his character, 194. 

his sons assist Owain Gwynedd 
against Henry n., 200. 
Madog, son of Khirid, requested by Rick- 
ert, bishop of London, to secure 
Owain, son of Cadwgan, or to 
expel him and his father out of the 
count l; 

encamps at Rhyd Cornnec, 88. 

seizes the portion of Powvs which 
belonged to Cadwgan and Owain, 
92. 



Madog, son of Rhirid — cont. 

a discord between him and the French, 

94. 
seeks and obtains the friendship of 

Owain, son of Cadwgan, 94. 
with Owain, commit many crimes, 96. 
remonstrated with by Iorwerth, son 

of Bleddyn, 98. 
6et upon by the men of Meirionydd, 

100. 
goes into Powys, 100. 
goes to Ireland with Owain, 104. 
returns from Ireland, not being able 

to endure the savage manners of the 

Gwyddelians, 104. 
proceeds to Powys, but is not received 

kindly by his uncle Iorwerth. 106. 
forms a plot against his uncle, and 

makes a nigbt attack upon him, 106. 
plots against Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, 

and slays him, 108. 
taken prisoner by the family of 

Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, 110. 
blinded by Owain, son of Cadwgan, 

112. 
Madog, son of Rhys, escapes from his 

father's prison, 236. 
blinded by Anarawd, his brother, 238. 
Mael Mordav, heads the men of Leinster 

against Brian, king of Ireland, 34. 
Maelgwn, son of Cadwalader, death of, 

2;J0. 
Maelgwn, son of Cadwallon, the sons of, 

take part in the expedition of Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, to .South 

Wales, 288. 
Maelgwn the Little, son of Maelgwn, fights 
against Caemiarthen, 322. 

completes the castle of Trev Iian, 322. 

fortifies the castle ot Garthgrugyn, 
328. 

compelled to flee into Gwynedd, 332. 

retires into the mountains and wilds, 
332. 
Maelgwn, son of Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 
burns Aberteivi, and slays the bur- 
gesses, 318. 

breaks down the bridge, 318. 



INDKX. 



4G5 



Maelgwn, sou of Maelgwn, son of Rhys— 
ami. 

comes to Owain, son of Gruffudd, and 

the men of Llywelyn, 318. 
accompanied by them, breaks the 

castle with engines, 318. 
dies, and is buried at Strata Florida, 

344. 
Maelgwn, son of Owain, banished into 

Ireland by his brother David, -I'll. 
taken and imprisoned by the same, 

224. 
Maelgwn, son of Rhys, ravages and burns 

Tenby, 234. 
his character, 234. 
seized by his father, and imprisoned, 

230. 
escapes from prison, 230. 
his family gain the castle of Ystrad 

Meurug, 238. 
and demolish the castle of Llanuhad- 

ein, 238. 
are attacked and put to flight by the 

Flemings, 238. 
gives the castle of Ystrad Meurug lo 

his brothers, 238. 
assists his brothers in imprisoning his 

father, 240. 
deceived by his brother Ilowel, who 

releases his father, 240. 
his castle of Nyver demolished by the 

sons of Cadwallon, 240. 
subjugates, with the family of Gwcn- 

wynwyn, the town and castle of 

Aberystwyth, 248, 250. 
imprisons his brother Gruffudd, 250. 
takes Aberteivi and the castle of 

Ystrad Meurug, after his brother 

GruH'udd had gone into an English 

prison. 252. 
swears to deliver Aberteivi castle to 

Gn.fFudd, 251. 
disregards his oath, 254. 
gets possession of the castle of Din- 

eirth, 254. 
sells Aberteivi for a trifling value to 

the English, 25 1. 



Maelgwn, son of Rhys— eon/. 

wins (loses, A'.) the castle of Lian- 
ymddyvri and the castle of Llan- 

. 258, 200. 
completes the castle of Dincirtb, 258. 

his men treacherously stab his bio: In r 

Ilowel, 260. 
loses Elanymddyvri and l>iiie\wr. the 

keys of nil his dominions, 260. 
instigates an Irishman to kill ('.•diver, 

son of Griffin, . B0, 
constructs the castle of Abetvinion. 

202. 

razes the castle of Ystrad Meurug to 

the ground, and burns Dineirlh and 

Aberystwyth, for fear of Llywelyn. 

son of Iorwerth, 202. 
makes peace with king John, 204. 
encamps at Cilceniu with a vast army 

of French and Welsh, 264. 
his army attacked and put to flight by 

Rhys and Owain, the sons of Gruf- 
fudd, 204. 
disgracefully flies on foot, 2C0. 
joins the army of the king, 266. 
is sent against the sons of Rhys, sou of 

Gruffudd, 208. 
repairs to 1'enwcdig, 20^. 
repents of his terms with the king, 

and demolishes the new castle at 

Aberystwyth, 270. 
his territory ravaged by Rhys and 

Owain, 270. 
is absolved by pope Innocent of his 

oath of fidelity to the kin: of 

England, 272. 
becomes reconciled with his nephew, 

young Rhys, and proceeds with him 

to Dyved, 282. 
proceeds to Gwynedd, to Llywelyn, 

son of Iorwerth, 284. 
joins the expedition of Llywelyn to 

South Wales. 2s-. 
a partition of land between him and 

his brother Rhys the Hoarse and 

Rhys and Owain, sons of Gruffudd, 

at Aberdovcy, 288. 
his allotments enumerated, 2P8. 
O G 



406 



INDEX. 



Maclgwn, son of Rhys — cont. 

obtains from Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
wrtli, a part of the territory of Rhys, 
son of GrufFudd, deceased, 310. 
dies at Llam-rch Aeron, and is buried 
at Strata Florida, 318. 
Maelieaydd, the men of, kill some persons 
who were fleeing to Arwystli, 88. 
conquered the second time by Hugh, 
of Kaulf, 1GG. 

Mortimer leads an army to, 240. 
the castle of, fortified by Roger Morti- 
mer, 330. 
the men of, pay homage to Llywelyn, 
son of Uruffndd, 348. 
Maelog the Crooked, slain in the battle of 

Dineirth, 18. 
Maelsalaeheu, death of, (A.D. SCO), 12. 
MaeQclochog, burnt by tlie Welsh, 284. 
burnt by Llyweiyn, son of GrufFudd, 
and his companions, 344. 
Macs Ilyveidd, devastated by Maredudd, 
(A.l). 99D), :!0. 
burnt by the lord Rhys, 242. 
obtained possession of by Giles de 

Bruse, 282. 
king John proceeds to, burns the 
town, and demolishes the castle, 
292. 
burnt by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 

318. 
the castle of, repaired by Riekert, carl 
of Pembroke, 320. 
Maesydog, the battle of, between the 

Britons and Picts, 6. 
Magnus, son of Harold, king of Germany, 
comes to Kngland, and ravages the 
dominions of the Saxons, 44. 
comes as far as Mona, with the view 
of possessing himself of the coun- 
tries of the Britons, B2. 
attacks the French, and then leaves 

the borders of the country, 62. 
comes a second time to Mona, and 

cuts down much timber, 72. 
returns to the isle of Man, and builds 
there three castles, which he fills 
with Iiis own men, 72. 



Magnus, son of Harold — cont 

sends to Ireland to demand the daugh- 
ter of Murchath for his son, 72. 
commits depredations on the coasts of 

Britain, 74. 
fights against the Britons, and is 

killed in battle, 74. 
Mahalt de Bruse, mother of the 60us of 

GrufFudd, dies at Llanbadarn the 

Great, 2GG. 
Mahalt, daughter of Malcolm, king of 

Prydyn, married to Henry I., 64. 
Maig, son of Ieuav, killed, 28. 
Malcolm, son of Dwnehath, king of the 

Picts and Albanians, or Scots, 

killed by the French, 54, 5G. 
Mallaen, the comot of, allotted to Maelgwn, 

son of Rhys, 288. 
Man, isle of, an earthquake iu, 2. 
Howel driven from (to, E.) Ma 
Howel, king of, dies, 10. 
devastated by Swain, son of Harold, 

32. 
GrufFudd, son of Cynan, fights against 

the men of, 48. 
Magnus, king of Germany, builds 

castles in, 72. 
his son set up as king in, 72. 
March, a great snow in the month of, 24. 
Maredudd, son of Bleddyn, invited to the 

assistance of Robert, earl of Shrews- 
bury, and his brother, against king 

Henry I., 68. 
confined by bis brother Iorwerth in 

the king's prison, 74. 
escapes from prison, and returns to 

his country, 80. 
requests the king to give him the 

land of his brother Iorwerth, 110. 
sends his family on an expedition to 

the land of Llywarch, son of Tra- 

baiaru. 1 10. 
delivers Madog, son of Rhirid, into the 

hands of Owain, son of Cadwgan, 

112. 
seeks the friendship of the king, 114. 
counsels Owain to repair to the king, 

116. 



INDEX. 



KIT 



Maredudd, son of Bleddyn— conl. 

is requested by Howel, son of libel 

to come to his assistance, 1-12. 
after a battle with tlic sons of Owain, 

son of Edwin, returns home, 144, 
opposed by king Henry I., 146. 
sends archers to intercept the king, 1 1 8. 
is reconciled to the king, 150. 
expels bis nephew Maredudd, son of 

Cadwgan, 150. 
ravages the territory of LI y war eh, son 

of Trahaiarn, 152. 
mutilates his nephew Llywelyn, son 

of Owain, 154. 
his death, 156. 
his character, UJ6. 
Maredudd, son of Cadwgan, expelled by 

his uncle Maredudd, son of Blcddyn, 

150. 
killed by his brother Morgan, 152. 
Maredudd, son of Caradog, dies, 270. 
Maredudd, son of Cynan, taken and im- 
prisoned, 252. 
expelled by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 

256. 
expelled from Mcirionydd, by his 

nephew Howel, son of Gruffudd,25G. 
Maredudd, king of Dyved, dies, 8. 
Maredudd, son of Edwin, holds the govern- 
ment of the South, 33. 
is killed by the sons of Cynan, 38. 
Maredudd, son of Grnffudd, killed in the 

battle of Mcehain, 1G. 
Maredudd, son of Grnffudd, custodian of 

the castle of Caermarthen, repels 

the French and Flemings who had 

come to attack the castle, 168. 
his courage, 170. 
raises an army against the castle of 

Gwys, 172. 
subdues Ceredigion as far as Aeron, 1 78. 
lakes the whole of Ceredigion from 

(grants it to, D.) Howel, son of 

Owain, 178. 
repairs the castle of Ystrad Meurug, 

180. 
fights against the castle of Aber- 

llychwr and burns it, 180. 



Maredudd, son of Gruffudd — cont. 

repairs the castle of Dinweileir, 180. 
leads his fort i to F 

: ihe castle of Howel, and 
demolishes it, 
attacks the castle of Aheravan, bums 

it. and kills the garrison 
his death, 182. 
his compassion, power, and justice, 

182, 18-1. 

Maredudd, son of Grnffudd, lord of Hir- 
vryn, dies, and is hurled at Btrata 

Florida, 856, •• 
Maredudd. sou of Howel, with others, burns 
the castle of Kiekert de la Merc, 
the castle of Dinerth. and tie 
wedros, 158. 
joins the second expedition of Owain 

and ( ladwalader, 158. 
slain by the sons of Blcddyn, BOD of 
Cynvyn, 162. 
(Sou of, /•;.), Maredudd, son of, (and, D.~), 

Howel, CaerOffa falls before, liiG. 
Maredudd, son of Ltywarch, expelled 

from his country by letian, .son of 

Owain, 154. 
killed by him. (by Llywelyn, son of 

Owain, 6'.), 154. 
his cruelty, 154. 
Maredudd, son of Llywelyn of Mcirionydd, 

i lies. 338. 
Maredudd, bod of Madog, killed by Hugh 

de Mortimer, 168. 
Maredudd, son of Madog, son of Grnf- 
fudd Maelor, kills his brother Gruf 

fudd, 320. 
divested of his territory by Llywelyn, 

son of Corwerth, 326. 
Maredudd, son of Owain, kills Cadwallon, 

son of Ieuav, 28. 
pays to the black Pagans a tribute of 

a penny for each person, 3d. 
devastates Maes Byveidd, 30. 
his kingdoms devastated by Edwin, 

sou of Einon. and Eclis the 

30. 
hires the Pagans, and devastates Gla- 
morgan, 30, 

G G 2 



408 



INDEX. 



Maredudd, son of O wain — cont. 

his son dies, 30. 

a great famine in his territory, 32. 

his death and renown, 32. 
M:tredudd, son of Owain, governs South 
Wales, 4G. 

killed by Caradog, son of Gruffudd, 46. 

Maredudd, son of Owain, receives from 

Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, the 

part of Ceredigion which belonged 

to Edward, son of Henry II I., 342. 

subdues the greater part of the ter- 
ritory of Gruffudd, son of Gwen- 
wynwyn, 342. 

invades Rhos, 344. 

goes to Emlyn to speak with Mared- 
udd, son of Rhys, and Patrick de 
Sayes, 34G. 

dies at Llanbadarn the Great, and is 
buried at Strata Florida, 352, 354. 

his dignity, 352. 
Maredudd Redhead, kills his cousin Meu- 
rug, son of Adam, in his sleep, 206. 
Maredudd, son of Rhyddereh, kindly re- 
ceives certain fugitives in the Vale 
of Tywi, 88. 

assists the garrison of Llanymddyvri 
castle against Gruffudd, son of 
Rhys, 122. 

summoned by the French, and his fide- 
lity to king Henry I. tested, 124. 

makes an indiscreet sally, 130. 
Maredudd, son of Rhys, ordered by king 
Henry II. to be deprived of his 
sight, 202. 

subjugates through treachery the 
castle of Dinevwr and the castle 
of t'antrev Bychan, 240. 

seized and imprisoned by his father 
at Ystrad Meurug, 240. 

dies, and is buried at Whitland, 320. 
Maredudd, son of Rbys, slain at Carn- 
wyllon, 256. 

his character, 256. 
Maredudd, son of the lord Rhys, arch- 
deacon of Ceredigion, dies at Pont 
Stephan, 316. 
buried at Menevia, 316. 



| Maredudd, son of Rhys the Hoarse, in- 
vades the midland country, 340. 
receives his territory from Llywelyn, 

son of Gruffudd, 342. 
subdues most of the territory of Gruf- 
fudd, son of Gwenwynwyn, 342. 
reconciled to his nephew, Rhys 

Mechyll the Little, 344. 
attacks Trevdraeth, and demolishes 

the castle, 344. 
invades Rhos, 344. 
takes and reduces the castle of Llan 

Geneu, 344. 
disregards his oath, 344, 346. 
seizes the men who had gone to speak 

with him at Emlyn, 346. 
dies in the castle at Dyryslwyn, and 
is buried at Whitland, 358. 
Maredudd, son of Robert, of Cydewain, 
joins the army of Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwerth, 266, 270, 288. 
dies, after taking the religious habit, 
at Strata Florida, 330. 
Margaret, daughter of Llywelyn, son of 
Iorwerth, married to Rhys the 
Hoarse, 304. 
Margaret, daughter of Maelgwn. and wife 

of Owain, sou of Kobert, dies, 340. 
Margaret, wife of Malcolm, prays that she 
may not survive her husband and 
son, 56. 
her death, 56. 
Mark, sou of Harold, devastate* and sub- 
jugates Mona, 24. 
Marshall, earl, goes to Jerusalem as a cru- 
sader, 304. 
Marshall, Rickert, earl of Pembroke, re- 
pairs the castle of Maes Ilyveidcl, 
320. 
a dispute between him and king 

Henry in., 320. 
enters into treaty with Llywelyn, son 
of Iorwerth, and joins his army, 
320. 
is stabbed in Ireland, 322. 
Marshall, Walter, sent by the English to 
fortify Aberteivi, 328. 



INDEX. 



4(39 



Marshall, William, fights against Cilgcrran, 

and snhduus it, 260. 
invited to assist the garrison of Lin- 
coln, 294. 
fights against Caerleon, and takes it, 

302. 
sails to Ireland, 310. 
returns with a vast fleet, 812. 
the castle of Aberteivi delivered up to 

him, 812. 
also the castle of Caermarthen, 312. 
fights against Gruffudd, son of Llyw- 
elyn, 312. 
repairs the castle of Caermarthen, and 

begins to build the castle of Cil- 

gerran, 312. 
appears at Ludlow before the council 

of the king and archbishop, 311. 
slain at Carnwyllon, 314. 
his heirs obtain their patrimony in 

peace, 330. 
Mathraval, in Powys, subdued by I.lyw- 

elyn, son of Iorwerth, and his con- 
federates, 27(i. 
Mawddwy, falls to the share of Gruffudd, 

son of Maredudd, 140. 
taken by David, son of Llywelyn, from 

his brother Gruffudd, 32C. 
Mechain. the battle of, -If.. 
Meilir, son of Rhiwallon, slain by Rhys, 

son of Tewdwr, 50. 
.Meilyr, son of Owain, killed by his nephew 

C'adwallon, son of Gruffudd, 152. 
Meirchion, son of Rhys, kills his cousin 

Rhydderch, son of Caradog, 48. 
Mcirionydd, subjugated by Maredudd, sou 

of Owain, 2S. 
the men of, oppose Owain and Madog, 

100. 
falls to the share of the sons of 

Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, 110. 
Einon. BOB of Cadwgan, holds a part 

of, 150. 
the men of, called out by Howe] and 

< 'ynan, sons of Owain, 174. 
a dispute about the cantrcv of, between 

Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, and his 

son Gruffudd, 306. 



Mcirionydd— con I. 

taken by Llywelyn from Gruffudd. 
3l IS. 
Meivod, the ehureh of St. -Mary at, conse- 
crated, 184. 
Madog, son of Maredudd, buried at, 

194. 
Gruffudd Maelor buried at. 836. 
Mencgyd, in Mona, the battle of, II. 
Menevia. burnt, 10. 
destroyed, IS. 
devastated by Godfrey, son of Harold, 

28. 
devastated by the Pagans, 30, 46, 50. 
devastated by Kdwin, son of Einon, 
and Eclis the Great. 30. 

depopulated by the Pagans, 32. 

devastated by the Saxons, 31. 

demolished, 3G. 

"William the Bastard goes on a pil 

grimage to, ."jo. 
its boundaries ravaged by Gerald the 

steward, 5S, Go. 
its ancient rights asserted bj bishop 

Bernard, 176. 
king Henry II. goes on a pilgrimage 

to, 212. 
makes an offering there. 211. 
Maredudd, son of Khys, buried in. 31 G. 
Rhys the Hoarse buried in, 322. 
the castle of, fortified by John, 330. 

A'.D. The hishaps of Menevia are 
referred t" undi r flu ir proper 
names. 
Mereia, the Gwyneddians pursue Rein the 

Scot, and destroy the coimtrv B I r 

as, 3G. 
Mere, Riekert de hi. the castle of, burnt 

by Owain and Cadwalader, sons of 

Gruffudd, and others, 158. 
Mervyn the Freckled, death of, 12. 

bis son killed by the Pagans, lw. 
Mcurug, killed by the Saxons. 12. 
Meurug, the sons of, make an inroad into 

Gwynedd, 30. 
a battle between the sons of, rod 

Maredudd, near Llangwm ; the 

former victorious, ■'■2. 



470 



INDEX. 



>n of Adam, of Bucilt, killed in 

his sleep by his cousin Maredudd 

Redhead, 
Meurug. son of Arthrael, killed, 84. 
Meorogi bishop of Bangor, dies, 196. 
Meurug Barach, hanged in England, 272. 
Meurug, son of Cadcll, kills his bTO 

Clydog, 20. 
Meurug, son of Cadvan, death of, 24. 
Meurug, abbol of Ctom llir, dies, 232. 
Meurug, boh of Gruffudd, receives Cyveil- 

iog from his uncle Madog, son of 

Maredudd, 1 76. 
escapes from prison, 184. 
Meurug, son of Howd, captured by the 

1 'agans, 38. 
Meurug, boh ofldwal, falls sick, 20. 
Meurug, son of Madog (Meurug Tyhodiad), 

killed through the treachery of bis 

own men, 1 68. 
Meurug, bishop of Meoevia (A.D. 840), 

12. 
Meurug, son of Rbirid, kills his cousin 
Madog, son of Ely wurch, 150. 
is mutilated, 156, 
Meurug, son of Rhys, born of the hitter's 
own niece, the daughter of his 
brother Maredudd, 220. 
Meurug, son of Trahaiarn, killed, so. 
Mevenydd, the comot of, subjugated by 
Pain, son of Patrick, 366. 
conquered by GrufFudd, son of Mared- 
udd, 372. 
Midland District, king Edward I. leads his 

army to the, 368. 
Milk and butter turned to blood, 1. 
Milo, earl of Hereford, killed by an arrow 

while hunting, 104. 
Mocbnant, divided between Owaiu Cyvcil- 
iog and Owain the Little, 204. 
taken by Elywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 
from his brother GrulTudd, :i2G. 
Mona, the isle of, subdued by Dowel, 10. 
Cynan, bis brother, expelled by him 

from, io. 
I f.v el driven from, 10. 
the battle of EJanvaes in, 10. 



Mona — cant 

ravaged by the black Pagans, 12. 
the battle of Menegyd in, 14. 
the battle on Sunday in, 11. 
devastated by the people of Dublin. 

20. 
subjugated by Godfrey, son of Harold, 

21. 
devastated by him, 20, 28. 
subjugated by Maredudd, son of Owain, 

28. 
devastated by the Pagans on Ascension 

Thursday, 32. 
Gruifudd, son of Cynan, fights against 

the men of, 48, 
the French encamp against, 00. 
Magnus, king of Germany, comes hi 

ships as far as, 62. 
obtained by GrufFudd, son of Cynan, 

02. 
Magnus comes a second time to, 72. 
Cadwallon expelled from, by bis 

brother Owain, 180. 
some of king Henry II.'s men land in, 

and pillage several of the churches, 

180, 188. 
a battle between them and the men of, 

188. 
subdued by David, son of Owain 

Gwynedd, 222. 
David is expelled out of, by his brother 

Rhodri, 224. 
subjugated by Rhodri, 238. 
king Edward I. sends a great part of 

his army into, which burns much of 

the country and takes away muc 

of the corn, 308. 
Montford, Simon, and his son, fall in the 

battle of Evesham, 352. 
his two sons escape from the king's 

prison, 854. 
Moon, turns of a bloody colour, 4. 

turns black on Christmas day, 8. 
Mor, son of €hryn, dies, 32. 
Morcheis, bishop of Bangor, dies, 20. 
Moretania, William of, opposes king Henry 

I., 78. 
Morgan, death of, 26. 



INDEX. 



471 



Morgan, son of Cadwgan, opposed by king 
Henry I., 146. 
kills Maredudd, his brother, 152. 
dies at Cyprus, 154. 
Morgan, son of Caradog, goes to the king's 

court at Gloucester, 226. 
Morgan, son of Hovrel, the castle of, ob- 
tained by Gilbert, earl of Pembroke, 
324. 
declines to join David, son of Llew- 
elyn, 330. 
Morgan, son of Maredudd, slain, 230. 
Morgan, son of Owain, kills Rickcrt, son 
of Gilbert, 156. 
is killed through treachery by the men 
of Ivor, son of Meurug, 188. 
Morgan, son of Rhys, dies after taking the 
religious habit at Strata Florida, 
336. 
Morgan, son of Seisyll, aids in destroying 
the town of Caerleon, and devas- 
tating the country, 212. 
Morgan wg, devastated by the Normans, 10. 
Morgeneu, bishop, killed by the Pagans, 

32. 
Morgeneu, bishop of Menevia, dies, 38. 
Mortality, in all Britain, 2, 176. 
in Ireland, 2. 

among the cattle in Britain, 10, 30. 
among the men through famine, 30. 
among the army of king Henry II. in 

Ireland, 216. 
in Britain and the borders of France, 

244. 
in Damietta, 304. 
Mortimer, Sir Hugh de, seizes Rhys, son 
of Hovel, and confines him in pri- 
son, 166. 
kills Maredudd, son of Madog, 168. 
Mortimer, Ralph, death of, 332. 
Mortimer, Sir Randulph, Gwladus the 

Dark, wife of, dies, 336, 
Mortimer, Roger, comes into Maelienydd, 
expels the 6ons of Cadwallon, and 
builds the castle of Camaron, 240. 
marshals his army against the Welsh, 

242. 
fortifies the castle of Maelienydd, 330. 



Mortimer, Roger — cotil. 

loses (iwcrihrynion, 342, 

Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, takes from 

him the whole of Buellt. GXCept the 

castle, 34 6. 
comes to the support of his castle in 

Maelienydd, 318. 

is permitted by Llywelyn to return 

back, 348. 
leads an army against Castle Baldwin, 

304. 

Morvran, abbot of Whitland, refuses to do 
homage to Hovel and Cytian. 17 1. 

Mur Castell, king Henry 1. comes i», 114, 

Murchath, the daughter of. demanded by 
Magnus, king of Germany, for his 
son, 72. 
kindly receives Owain, son of I lad 
wgan, 22. 

Murcherdach, (he supreme king of Ireland, 
dies, 144. 
his prosperity and success, 144. 

Muregan, king of Leinster, dies of a fetal 
disorder, 18. 

Murtarl, his daughter, demanded in mar- 
riage by Ernulf, 68. 
sends his daughter with aimed assis- 
tance to Ernulf, op. 

Mwrchath, sod of Brian, stirred ap against 
Dublin. 34. 

Myddvai, the manor of, allotted to Mael- 
gwn, son of Rhys, 288. 

Myles, Nicholas de, sent by king lb Dry III. 
to dispossess Maelgwn the Little, 
332. 

Myles, Roger, left by Edmund and Tain as 
constable at A!> rystv._\ ill, and to 
protect the country, 368. 

Myrddin, his prophecies, 2, 370. 



N. 

Nanheudwy, Cadwgan, bod ol Gruffudd, 

killed at. 156. 
Naunau of Meirionydd, the situation of 

Cymmer, 252. 



172 



INDEX. 



Nant yr Ariant, the castle of, allotted to 
young Khys and his brother Owain, 
the sons of Gruffudd, 290. 
Nant Nyver, death of Cynan of, 11. 
Nedd, the castle of, demolished by Llyn- 

elyn, son of lorwcrth, 318. 
Nest, and her two sons and daughter, taken 
away from her husband Gerald by 
Owain, son of Cadwgan, 84. 
her children restored to their father, 
8G. 
Nestor, Khys, son of Gruffudd, compared 

to, 2-1 G. 
New Castle upon Usk, Henry II. invites 
lorwerth, son of (twain, to an in- 
terview with him ;it, 218. 
Newark, King John dies at, 292. 
Niiliol, son of bishop Gwrgant, succeeds to 

the see of Llandaf, 17G. 
Nicholas de Myles, sent by king Henry III. 
todispossess Maelgwn the Little. 322. 
Night, becomes as light as day, -1. 
Nile, overflow of the, 308. 
Normandy, king William Rufusgoes to, 66. 
earl Robert goes to, "-'. 
king Henry I. sends knights to sub- 
due, 78. 
himself sails over and reduces the 

country, 80. 
Henry I. dies in, 156. 
king Henry II. collects nn army of 
the choice warriors of, against 
Wales, 200. 
his right to, asserted by king Heury 
III., 816. 
Normans, the, devastate England, Brech- 
einiog, Morganwg, Gwent, Buellt, 
and Qwenllwg, 16. 
defeated by Owain and Cadwalader, 

1G0. 
join the army of Rheinallt against the 
lord Rhys, 192. 
Normans, the black, come a second time 

to Castle Baldwin, ig. 
North, a disturbance between king John 
and the English of the, 280. 
they take from him the city of London, 
282. 



North — v,<mi. 

the men of the, and the French, get pos- 
session of the city of Lincoln, 294. 
are defeated and put to flight, 296. 
Nyver, the castle of, taken by the lord 
Rhys, 236. 
it is demolished by the sons of Cad- 
wallon, 240. 



0. 



Octobontis, the pope's legate, confirms 

peace between king Henry III. and 

Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, 354. 

Offa, king, destroys the South Males men, 

6. 

the South Wales mi-n devastate the 

island as far as, G. 
spoils the Britons in summer time, 8. 
his territory devastated by the Welsh, 

8. 
causes the Dyke bearing his name to 

be made, 8. 
bis death, 8. 
Osbric, king of the Saxons, dies, 4. 
Osney, Adam, bishop of Llauclwy, buried 

in the monastery of, 230. 
Oswestry, the castle of, built by Madog. 
son of Maredudd, 17G. 
king Henry TI. arrives at, 200. 
destroyed by king John, 292. 
Other, comes to Britain, 18. 
Otho, emperor of Rome, -wages war upon 
Philip, king of France, 278. 
is put to flight, 280. 
Otter, commands an Irish fleet, 1G4. 
Otto, the cardinal, seized by the emperor 

Frederick, 328. 
Owain of Brithdir, dies, 250. 
Owain, son of Cadwgan, kills (killed by 

Cadwgan, CD.), 80. 
< twain, son of Cadwgan. invited by his 
father to a Christmas feast, 82. 
visits Nest, wife of Gerald the steward. 

82. 
carries her and her two sons and 
daughter away, 84. 



INDEX. 



17:5 



Owain, son of Cadwgan— cont. 
restores the eliildren, 86. 
is pursued by Ithel and Madog, sons 

of lthirid, 88. 
flees to a ship at Aberdovcv, 88. 
goes to Ireland, 92. 
his portion of 1'owys seized by Madog 

and Ithel, 92. 
returns from Ireland, 94. 
enters into terms of friendship with 

Madog, 94. 
commits many crimes in the country 

of the French, and in England, 90. 
is pursued by Innverth, son of 

Bleddyn, 98. 
encounters the men of Meirionydd. 

and ravages their country, 100. 
proceeds to Ceredigion, 102. 
goes again to Ireland, 104. 
is reconciled to king Henry I., and 

recalled, 10S. 
receives the land of his uncle Ior- 

wertb, on certain conditions, no. 
deprives Madog, son of Rhirid, of his 

sight, U2. 
i.-. accused to the king, 1 12. 
removes to the mountains of Eryri, 

114. 
requested by the king to make peace 

with him, but he declines, 114, 1 16. 
he ultimately makes peace with him, 

116. 
accompanies the king to Normandy, 

118. 
is desired by the king to pursue Gruf- 

fudd, son of Rhys, 134. 
is pursued by the Flemings, and slain, 

138. 
I >« ain, son of Caradog, summoned by the 

French, 124. 
his fidelity to king Henry I. put to 

the test, 12-1. 
lain in an attack made upon the castle 

of Cacrmarthen by GrufTudd. son 

of Ehys, 120. 
Owain, son of Cynan, combines with 

Llywtlyu, son of lorwe-rth, against 

David, son of ' twain, 240. 



Owain Cyveiliog, advances against kin^ 
Henry II., Jin.. 
(d)tains Mochnant above tin- Cataract, 

204. 

is opposed and put to Bight by Owain 
and Cadwalader, the son of Gruf- 
fudd, and others, 20 1. 

conies with an army of the French 

against the castle of Cacreinion, 

20 1. 

is opposed by Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 
and compelled to suhinit, 210. 

dies at Ystmd Marchell, the monas- 
tery which he himself had founded, 

2.30. 
Owain, son of Dyvnwal, slain, no. 
Owain, son of Dyvnwal, slain. 34. 
Owain, sou of Edwin, commands 1 1 » ■ • 
Gwyncddian army against the 
French. 62. 
dies after a long illness, 76. 
( Iwain, son of Gruft'udd, dies. I 1. 
( hvain, son of Gruffudd, dii 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, son of Cynan, 
sent by his father with a large army 
to Meirionydd, anil removes (lie 
men and their property into Lleyn, 
150. 
undertakes an expedition into Cered- 
igion, 156, 158. 
his eulogy, 1 "i 1 -. 

burns the castles of Walter do ficc, 
.Aberystwyth, l.'ickert dc la Mere, 
Dinerth, and Caerwedros, 158. 
goes a second time to Ceredigion, 1.38. 
fights with the Flemings and Nor- 
mans, and conquers them, 1G0. 
returns with much spoil, 160. 
is opposed by his brother Cadwalader 

with an Irish fled. (64. 
they are reconciled, 164, 
attacks the Germans and pal them t.> 

flight, 164, 166. 
his grief for the loss of his son Khun, 

170. 
is consoled upon the fnll of the • 

oi Gwyddgrug or Mold, 172. 
builds a castle in Vide. )-r,. 



471- 



INDEX. 



Owain, son of Gruffudd, son of Cynan— 

his brother Cadwalader from 

. 
with his brother and llhys, son 
of Gruffudd, ion of Bhys, ag 
Owain Cyveiliog, and puts him to 
flight, 204. 
besieges the castle of Rhuddlan, and 
demolishes it, together with the 
f Prestatyn, 204, 206. 
Owain, eon of Gruffudd, Bon of Gwcnwyn- 
wyii. taken by Llywelyn, son of 
Gruffudd, with him to Cwyncdd, 
360. 
(./ ) released from the prison of Llyw- 
elyn by command of the king, 37. 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, son of Madog, 

wins Cacr Ofi'a, 198. 
Owain, son of Gruffudd Maelor, die-;, 250. 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, sou of Marcdudd, 
receives Cyveiliog from bis uncle 
Madog, son ofMaredndd, 176. 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, son of Bhys, at- 
tacks and hums the castle of Llan- 
gadng, 202. 
attacks and defeats the army of Mael- 

gwn, son of Rhys, 204. 
declines making peace with king John. 

268. 
consents to do so on certain conditions, 

270. 
repairs to the court of the king, and is 

received by him as a friend, 270. 
ravages the territory of Maelgwn, son 

of Rhys, 270. 
marshals his forces against Bhys the 

Hoarse, 271. 
proceeds to Gwynedd, to Llywelyn, 

son of lorwerth, 284. 
joins the expedition of Llywelyn, 288. 
a partition of land between him and 

others at Aherdovey, 288. 
the castles ofAberteivi and Kant yr 
Ariant, with three cantrevs of 
Ceredigion, allotted to him and his 
brother Rhys, 290. 



Owain, son of Gruffudd, son of Rhys— cont. 

rises against his uncle and wrests from 

him the whole of Buellt, except the 

castles, 298. 
obtains part of his deceased brother's 

territory, 310. 
fights against the castle of Aberteivi, 

320. 
proceeds against Aber Mynyw and 

bums it, slaying the garrison, 320. 
fights for three months against Caer- 

marthen, 322. 
dies at Strata Florida, 322. 
his good qualities, 322. 
Owain Gwynedd, imprisons his son Cynan, 

178. 
is opposed by Madog, son of Marcd- 
udd, king of Powys, 178. 
mutilates his nephew Cuncdda, 180. 
his nephew Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 

prepares to fight against him, 184. 
encamps at Basingwerk, with the view 

of fighting with king Henry II.. 184. 
retreats to Cil Owain, 180. 
makes peace with the king. 1S8. 
delivers Einon Clud to theFrench, 194. 
his grief at the loss of the castle of 

Tavalwern, which fell into the 

hands of How-el, son of Ieuav, 196. 
his joy at his victory over How el, son 

of leu an, 196. 
repairs the castle, 190. 
ravages Tegeing], and removes the 

people to the Vale of Ciwyd, 198. 
encamps at Corwen against the king, 

200. 
destroys Basingwerk, 204. 

proceeds against the castles of Rhudd- 
lan and Prestatyn, which he burns, 
204, 200. 

his death, 200. 

his character, 200. 

Owain, son of Howel, a battle between his 
sons and the sons of Idwal at Carno, 
22. 
devastates Gorweunydd, 22. 
his death, 30. 



INDEX. 



475 



Owain, son of Iorwerth, destroys the town 
of Cnerleon, and ravages the coun- 
try, 212. 
killed by a man attached to the earl of 

Bristol, 218. 
Owain the Little, son of Madog, drives 
Iorwerth the Bed from Ins territory 
in Mochnant, 204. 
obtains Moclmant below the Cataract, 

204. 
receives Caereinion from Owain and 
Cadwalader, the sous of Gruffudd, 
204. 
slain at Careghova, 2.'52. 
his character, 2.')2. 
Owain. son of Marcdudd, dies, 10. 
Owain, son of Marcdudd, lord of Cydewain. 

dies, 348. 
Owain, son of Marcdudd, of Elvael. makes 
peace with the lord Llywelyn, 
346. 
Owain. son of Marcdudd, son of Owain, 
restores the middle comot to his 
brother Cynan, 3.08. 
dies and is buried at Strata Florida, 
362. 
Owain, son of Marcdudd, son of Robert of 

( \ dewain, dies, 324. 
Owain Pencarwn, seized by Howel, son of 

Iorwerth, 224. 
Owain, king of the Picts, dies, G. 
( (wain the Red, son of Gruffudd, son of 
Llywelyn, reigns after David, son of 
Llywelyn, 
divides the dominion with his brother 

Llywelyn, 332 
a dissension between him and his 

brother Llywelyn, 338. 
seized and imprisoned, and his terri- 
tory taken by Llywelyn, 340. 
released from prison by command of 
king Edward L, .'171). 
Owain, son of Rhyddcrch, makes an in- 
discreet sally, 130. 
Owain (son of Gruffudd, D. M.% son of 

Rhys, dies at Strata Florida, 230. 
Owain, son of Robert, obtains Cydewain, 
335. 



Oxford, Adam, bishop of Llandwy, dies 
at, 230 
a council held at, in which il wai 
treated of peace between the knights 

Of king Henry III. and Lot 

of the French king, and the men of 
the North, 294. 



P 



Pagans, their first arrival in Ireland, B. 
strangle Cj ngen, 12. 
the black, ravage Mona, 12. 

demolish Caer Alclut. 14. 

kill the SOU of M'Tvyn, 18, 

kill Hirmawr and Anarawd, tht 

of 1 iwriad, 22. 
devastate Towyn, 22. 
devastate Llanhadarn, Mene\ in, 

Llanilltud, Llangarvan. and Llan- 

dydoch, 30. 
hired by Marcdudd to join him in 

Glamorgan, 80. 
devastate the tele of Mona, 92. 
depopulate Menevia, and kill bishop 

Morgeneu, 32. 

devastate Owed. .12. 

capture Meurug, son of Dowel. 38. 
vanquished by Bowel, son of Edwin, 
while they were devastating Dyved, 

40. 

of Dublin, capture Gruffudd, son of 
Llywelyn, 40. 

dcvai tatc Menevia and Itangor, 46, 60. 

of the Isles, demolish Menevia. 54. 
Pain, son of Patrick de Says, V 

army to Caermarthen and Cered- 
igion, .'164. 

is reconciled to Rhys, son of Marcd- 
udd. and Rhys Wyndod, 806. 

subjugates to king Edward L the 
comots of Anhiuio'j. Mcvenydd, 
and ihe middle comol in Qppei 
Ai-roii. 

places Llywelyn. SOU Of Owain. OS a 
youth in guardianship, 366. 

goes to England, 368. 



476 



INDEX. 



Pain's Castle, attacked and compelled to 

surrender by Rhys, son of Gritf- 

fudd, 242. 
fought against for nearly three weeks 

by Gweiiwynwyn, 252. 
left by Giles do Brose for Welter 

of Gruffudd, irho had subdued it, 

built by king Henry III., 318. 
Paris, Rhys, son of Gruffudd, compared to, 

216. 
Patrick de Says, the seneschal .of king 
Henry III. at Caermarthen, breaks 
the truce, and seizes the men 
who bed gone to Speak with him. 
.14 G. 
is slain, 346. 
Pembroke, Uchtryd, son of Edwin, and 
others, fight against the castle of, 
58. 
the builder of the eastle of, 66. 
seized upon by Ernulf, G8. 
built a second time by Gerald the 

steward, ^-'. 
king Henry II. proceeds to, 212. 
Penardd, fails to the share of Cynan, son 

of Maredudd, 360. 
Pi ncader ( Pen Cadeir), the battle of, 40. 

king Henry II. arrives at, 198. 
Pcncelli (Ten Gelli), Robert de Bntse 
takes possession of the castle of. 
282. 
Owain, son of Gruffudd, and other?, 
reduce the castle of, 320. 
l'cncocd, the fight of, 4. 
IYuharddlech, the castle of, reduced by 

David, son of Gruffudd, 372, 
I'eiillwynog, allotted to Maelgwn, son of 

Rhys, 288. 
Penllyn, half of it allotted to Gruffudd, 
son of Maredudd, and the other 
half to the sons of Cadwgan, son of 
Blcddyn, 140. 
Penmen, devastated by Mark, son of 

Harold. 24. 
Pennaeth Bachwy, Alexander, son of 
Malcolm, and the son of Hugh, earl 
of Caerleon, arrive at, 114. 



Penwedig, Maredudd and Rhys, sons of 

Gruffudd, lead their forces to, 180. 

the cantrev of, taken by Llywehn, 

son of lorwenb, for himself, 262. 
the seneschal of Cardiff, and Rhys and 
Maelgwn, sons of the lord Rhys, 
move their armies to, 268. 
the cantrev of, conquered by Rhys, 
son of Maelgwn, 372. 
Pepin, the elder, king of France, dies, 4. 
Percy, earl, killed in the battle of Lincoln, 

296. 
Peter, abbot, death of, 232. 
Philip, king of France, takes the cross, 
234, 236. 
Otlio, emperor of Rome, makes war 

upon, 278. 
sends his son Louis to Poictou, with 
an army to meet the king of Eng- 
land, 278. 
forms a truce for seven years with 
king John, 280. 
Philip, son of Gwys, keeper of the castle 
of Gwys, with his wife and two 
sons, captured by Ilowel the Saxon, 
■238. 
Philip the Red, the thirteenth abbot of 

Strata Florida, dies, .'5 72. 
l'ictot, Henry, lord of Ewias, 314. 
Pilgrimage, William the Rastard goo (■> 
Menevia on a, 50. 
king Henry II. goes to Menevia on a. 

212. 
Louis, king of France, returns from 
his, 838. 
Pilgrims from "Wales, drowned on the sea 
of Greece ingoing with the cross 
to Jerusalem, 1GG. 
1 'lague, a great, in the month of March, 24. 
Peer, Randulph de, killed by the youths of 

Winchester. 230. 
Poictou, king John sails for, 278. 

king Henry Iff. sails for France to 

assert his right to. 31 G. 
king Henry III. sails for, to obtain 
from the king of France his right 
as to the lands which he had taken 
from him, 328. 



INDEX. 



47' 



Port Laclii, taken in the first attack by 
Rickert, carl of Terstig, 20s. 

Powys, the kingdom of, taken by the 

SaxOQG into their possession, 10. 
held by Bleddyn, son of Cynvyn, 10. 
a portion of, taken by Cadwgan, son 

of Bleddyn, 02. 
given by king Henry I. to lorwertb, 

son of Bleddyn, during the king's 

life, 70. 
a part of it given by lorwertb to his 

brother Cadwgan, 74. 
given by the king, on the death of 

lorwertb, to Cadwgan, son of 

Bleddyn, 108. 
king Henry I. raises an immense 

army against the men of, 14G. 
he levies ten thousand head of cattle 

as a tribute upon, 150. 
Llywelyn, son of lorwertb, raises an 

army against Gwenwynwyn from, 

25S. 
Prestatyn, the castle of, burnt by Owain 

aud Cadwalader, and the lord Rhys, 

20G. 
Prodigies, raining blood, 4. 

milk and butter turned to blood, 4. 
the moon turns of a bloody colour, 4. 
the night becomes as light as day, 4. 
the moon turns black on Christmas 

day, 8. 
vermin of a mole-like form, fall from 

heaven, 1G, 18. 
a wonderful star, of immense light, 

emitting a beam behind as thick as 

a column, 78. 
Proverbs, British, 36, 136. 
Prydyn (or North Britain), men from, in 

the army of Henry II., 200. 
the grand festival at Aberteivi pro- 
claimed a year beforehand through- 
out Wales, England, Ireland, and, 

228. 
the king of, dies, 336. 
his only son succeeds to the dominion 

o£ 336. 
Pwll Dyvach, the battle of, 40. 
Pwll Gwdyg, the battle of, 48. 



1'yrs, succeeds David in flic tee of M< n<\ in. 
228. 

Ida death, 254. 



i; 



Recline, destroyed, 6. 
Rain of blood in Britain and Ireland, 4. 
Ralph Mortimer, death of, 332. 
Randulf, earl of Caerleon, prepares to rise 

against Ow;iin Gwyncdd, 17s. 

bin death, 182. 
Randulf (or Randulph) de Peer, killed by 

the youths of Winchester, 230. 

Razon the steward, his castle in Ystrad 
l'eithyll burnt. 130. 
solicits aid from the garrison of Ystrad 
Meurug, to enable him to defend 
the castle of Aberystwyth, against 
Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 130. 

Red Castle, razed to the ground by Llyw- 
elyn, son of lorwertb, 320. 

Rein, king of Dyved, dies, 8. 

Rein the Scot, pretends to be the sun of 
king Maredudd, and causes himself 
to be named king, 36. 
is received by the men of the South 

as their lord, 30. 
Llywelyn, son of Seisyll. makes wnr 

upon him, 36. 
defeated by the Gwyneddians at Aber 
Gwyli,36. 

Reinolf, commands a BaXOn arm\ against 
Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, 42. 

is defeated, 42. 
Remission, a general, to the churches of 

England and Wall I, S 0, 302. 
Rhaiadr Gwy. a castle erected at, by the 
lord Rhys, 230. 
a second time, 240. 
demolished by the sons of Cadwallon, 

240. 
Rhedynog Velen, the convent of Strata 

Florida removed to, 232. 
Rheims, Rickert, abbot of Clcryriaut, 

killed in a monastery near, 220. 



its 



INDEX. 



Rheinallt, son of king Henry II., encamps 
at Dinweleir against the lord Rhys, 
192. 

Qt dc Br use. See Br use, Rheinallt 
de. 

Rheinallt de Creasy, killed in the battle of 
Lincoln, 208. 

Rhirid, imprisoned in the castle of Aber- 
gavenny, 218. 

Rhirid, son of Bleddyn, with his brothers, 
Madog and Cadwgan, expel Rhys, 
son of Tewdwr, from his kingdom, 
52. 
killed in the battle of Uy ch Crei, 52. 

Rhirid, son of Iestio, slain, 252. 

Rhirid, son of Iorwerth, king Henry I. 
demands hostages from, in respect 
of the liberation of his father Ior- 
werth, 96. 

Rhirid, son of Owain, a dissension between 
him and Hovel, son of Ithel, 142. 
slain by his nephew Cadwallon, son of 
Gruffudd, 1 52. 

Khiwallon, son of Cynvyn, slain in the 
battle of Mechain, 46. 

Rhodri (the Great), killed by the Saxons, 
16. 
avenged in the battle of Conwy, 16. 

Rhodri, son of Hovel, dies, 22. 
Rhodri, son of Ilowel, slain, 252. 
Rhodri, son of Idwal, slain, 24. 

Rhodri Molwynog, sncceeds to the British 
throne after Ivor, son of Alan, 2. 

the battle of Heilin with, 4. 

his death, 6. 
Rhodri, son of Owain, taken and confined 
in fetters by his brother David, for 
seeking to obtain from him a share 
of his father's patrimony, 224. 

escapes finni prison, and expels David 
out of Mona and Gwynedd, 224. 

subjugates the isle of Mona, 238. 

is expelled by the sons of Cynan, son 
of Owain Gwynedd, 238. 

(sun of Cynan, D.) joins Llywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth, and others, against 
David, son of Owain Gwynedd, 24U. 



Rhos, the cantrcv of, seized by the Flem- 
ings, 80. 

the proprietary inhabitants of, expelled 

by them, 82. 
invaded by Llywelyn, son of Iorwerth, 

3D6. 
Rhoshir, a church in, pillaged by king 

Henry II.'s men, 188. 
Rhos Meilon in Mona, the battle of, 1 8. 
Khuddlan, a battle at, 8. 

king Henry II. proceeds to, 186. 

he purposes to erect a castle there, and 

encamps there three nights, 200. 
Owain and Cadwalader, princes of 
Gwynedd, and the lord Rhys, 
prince of South Wales, proceed 
against the castle of, which they 
demolish, 204, 206. 
the castle of, reduced by Llywelyn, 

son of Iorwerth, 278. 
king Edward proceeds to, and fortifies, 

368. 
Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, makes 
peace with the king at, 368. 
Rhun, son of Owain, dies, 170. 

his character and appearance, 1 70. 
Rhuvoniog, the kingdom of, taken by the 

Saxons, 10. 
Rhyd Cornnec, Madog and Ithel, sons of 

Rhirid, encamp at, 88. 
Rhyd y Gors, the founder of the castle of, 
58. 
the castle of, stored by Rickert, son 

of Baldwin, 76. 
under the conservancy and in the cus- 
tody of Howel, son of Goronwy, 
7G. 
Rhyd y Groes, a battle at, fought by Llyw- 
elyn, son of Seisyll, 38. 
R'nydderch, bishop, death of, 24. 
Rhyddereh, son of Caradog, rules over 
South Wales, 48. 
joins in the battle of Camddwr, 48. 
killed by his cousin Meirchion, 48. 
Rhyddereh, son of Ilennyth, beheaded in 
Arwystli, 18. 



INDEX. 



479 



Rhydderch, son of Iestin, assumes the 
government of South Wales, ;38. 
killed by the Scots, 38. 
his sons take part in the battle of 

Iliraethwy, 38. 
Rhydderch, son of Tewdwr, his fidelity to 

king IKu rv I. pat to the test, 124. 
makes an indiscreet sally. 180, 
Rhydderch, abbot Of the White House. 

dies, 232. 
Rhys, doctor, of Caer Rhiw, (Richard dc 

Caerin, C), consecrated by the pope 

bishop of Menevia, 342. 
Rhys, son of Gruffudd, (called frequently 

in the Chronicle the lord Rhys), 

fights against the castle of Llau- 

stephan, and conquers it, 1G8. 
raises an army against the castle of 

Gwys, 172. 
subdues Ceredigion as far as Aeron, 

178. 
takes the -whole of Ceredigion, ex- 
cept the castle of Pengwern, from 

Ilowel, son of OM'ain, 178. 
conquers the castle of Llanrhystud, 

178. 
repairs the castle of Tstrad Meurug, 

180. 
enters Gower, burns the castle of 

Aberllychwr, and devastates the 

country, 180. 
repairs the castle of Binweileir, 180. 
invades Penwedig, and demolishes the 

castle of Ilowel, 180. 
his sons attack the castle of Tenby, 

and deliver it to the keeping of 

William, son of Gerald, 182. 
lays waste the castle of Ystrad 

Cyngen, 182. 
attacks and burns the castle of Aber- 

avan, 182. 
ravages Cyveiliog, 182. 
holds, in trust with Maredudd, the 

possessions of his brother Cadell, 

182. 
leads an army to Aberdovey with the 

intention of fighting against Owain 

Gwynedd, 184. 



I!h_\<, BOI1 of GnitVudd — coitt. 
makes a i . 184. 

prepares alone to wage war with 
king [fenry II.. 

derates all Smith Wales and his 

Frti nd'. BS tar as the woods id' the 

Vale oi'Twvi, 188. 
repairs to the king's court. . 
willingly mal w ith him. 

11)0. 

Walter Clifford carries a booty out of 

his territory, 190. 
he is refused satisfaction by the king, 

190. 
subdues the Castle of Llaaymddyvri, 

190. 
makes an attack upon certain castles 

in Ceredigion, and hums them, 

192. 
frequently opposes the king, 192. 
subdues and burns the castles which 

the French had built across I >\ ved, 

102. 
fights against Caeimarthcn. 192. 
is opposed by Rheinallt, sou of Liii- 

Henry, 192. 
cables his men on the mountain 

of Cevn Rhestr, L92. 
concludes a truce with his enemies, 

104. 
delivers hostages to the king, 198. 
takes possession of Cantrev Mawr 

and the castle of Dinevwr, 108. 
enters the territory of Roger, earl of 

Clare, 108. 
dismantles and burns the castle of 

Aber Rheidiol and the castle of 

Mabwynion, and reconquers the 

whole of < leredigion, 108. 
s]ioils tie- Flemings, 198. 
joins the allied |irinees against the 

king at ( Iswestry, 200. 
encamps at t !orW6U, 200. 
attacks tie- v.- alls of Aberteivi and 

its castle, 202. 
seizes the castle of Cilgerran, and 

imprisons Robert, son of Stephen, 

202. 



480 



INDEX. 



Rhys, son of Grufludd — cant. 

vanquisher. Owain Cyveiliog, 20-1. 
recovers Tavalwcrn, 204. 
besieges the castle of Rhuddlan, 204. 
burns it, arid the castle of Prestatyn, 
•200. 

assembles an army against Owain 

Cyveiliog, 210. 
compels him to submit and to deliver 

hostages, 210. 
enters into friendship with the king, 

210. 
the king gives him Ceredigion, the 

Vale of Tywi, Ystlwyv, and Euel- 

vre, 212. 
builds the castle of Aberteivi with 

stone and mortar, 212. 
gives to the king several horses, 212, 

214. 
obtains favour with the king, 214. 
has an interview with him at Tal- 

acliarn, 218. 
appointed justice over the whole of 

South Wales, 218. 
sends his son Hovel to the king 

beyond sea, to abide at his court and 

to serve him, 222. 
goes to the court of the king at 

Gloucester, 22G. 
takes with him all the princes of South 

Wales who had been in opposition 

to the king, 226. 
holds a grand festival in the castle of 

Aberteivi, 228. 
erects the castle of Rhaiadr Gwy, 230. 
made war against by the sons of 

( 'yuan, son of Owain Gwynedd, 230. 
takes possession of the castles of St. 

Clare and Aber Corran and Llan- 

stephan, 234. 
sei7.es and imprisons his son Maelgwn, 

23G. 
builds the castle of Cydweli, 236. 
builds the castle of Ehaiadr (Ivy the 

second time, 240. 
seized by his sons and imprisoned, 240. 
released by his son, ITowel the Saxon. 

240. 



Rhys, son of Grufludd — cent. 

collects an army and attacks Caormar- 

then, which he burns to the ground, 

except the castle, 240. 
marches against the castle of Colwyn, 

subdues, and burns it, 2 12. 
moves his army to Maes Hyveidd, and 

burns it, 242. 
gains a signal victory over Roger 

Mortimer and Hugh de Say, 242. 
attacks Pain's castle in Klvael, and 

compels it to surrender, 242. 
relinquishes it by an agreement with 

William Br use, 242. 
his death, 244. 
his character, 244, 240. 
Latin verses composed upon his death, 

240. 
Latin verses on his tomb, 248. 
his youngest sons take possession of 

the castle of Dinevwr, 252. 
Rhys (young), son of Gruifudd, son of 

Rhys, subdues the castle of Llan- 

egwad, 258. 
attacks the castle of Llangadog, and 

burns it, 2C2. 
attacks the army of Maelgwn vic- 
toriously, 204. 
refuses to make peace with the king, 

208. 
the consequences thereof, 208. 
makes peace, and gives tip to the king 

the territory between the Dyvi and 

Aeron, 270. 
repairs to the court of king John, who 

receives him as a friend, 270. 
ravages Lower Aeron, the territory of 

Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 270. 
petitions the king for a share of his 

father's inheritance, 274. 
fails to obtain satisfaction from Rhys 

the Hoarse, in compliance with the 

king's command, 27 1. 
collects a vast army out of Brechein- 

iog against Rhys the JJoarse, 274. 
encamps at Trallwng Elgatt, 274. 
obtains a victory over him, 274. 



IXDKX. 



tsi 



Rhys (young), son of Gruffudd, son of 
Rhys — can I. 
proceeds to attack (he castle of l)i- 

nerrr, invests, and wins if, except 

one tower, 276. 
moves liis army to Llanymddvvri. and 

obtains the castle, 276. 
is reconciled to his uncle Maelgwn, 

282. 
collects an immense army, obtains 

possession of Cydwelt and Cam 

wyllon, and burns the castle, 284. 
reduces the castle of Llychwr, 284. 
also the castle of Hugh, 284. 
proceeds to the castle of Ystum 

Llwynarlh in Senghenydd, which 

he obtains, 284. 
having reduced all the castles of 

Govver, he returns home, 284. 
joins the expedition of Llywelyn, son 

of Iorwerth, 288. 
a partition of land between him and 

others at Aberdovey, 288. 
his allotment, 290. 
rises with his brother Owain against 

their uncle, and wrests from him 

the whole of Buclll, except the 

castle, 298. 
arbitrates between Llywelyn, son of 

Iorwerth, and the men of Aber- 

hodni, 300. 
leads a body of men through the river 

Cleddy v, with the view of attacking 

the town of Haverford, 300. 
goes to the court of the king to render 

him homage, 304. 
falls out with Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
werth, 308. 
separates from him, and joins William 

Marshall, carl of Pembroke, 308. 
repairs to the court of the king, and 

complains of the insult offered to 

him by Llywelyn, 308. 
is reconciled to Llywelyn, son of 

Iorwerth, 308. 
dies, and is buried in Strata Florida, 

310. 
his character, 310. 



Rhys the Hoarse, takes possession of ihe 

castle of Llangadog, 262. 
obtains possession of the cost! 

Llanymddj \ri. 264. 
summoned by king John to join bis 

army ngainsl Gwj nedd, 266. 
commanded by the kin;; to go against 

the sons of Kins, son of Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, to compel them to sur- 
render, or to retire out of the king 
dom, 268. 

repents <>f iiis terms with the king, 

and demolishes ilie new castle at 

Aberystwyth, '-'To. 
refuses to obey the king's commands, 

274. 
lights with Rhys and Owain, sons of 

Gruffudd, and Foulke, the seneschal 

of Cardiff, and is defeated, 274. 
strengthens the castle of Linevwr 

with men and arms, 276. 
burns Llandeilo, 276. 
strengthens the castle of Llanymddyvri 

and retires to his brother Maelgwn, 

27C. 
is seized at Caermarthen, ami put into 

the king's prison, 278. 
liberated upon giving hostages, 284. 
is one of the princes who took a pari 

in Uywelyn's expedition, 288. 

a partition of land between him and 
others at Aberdovey, 288. 

his allotment, 290. 

entrusted by Llywelyn, son of Ior- 
werth, with the custody of the 
castle of Senghenydd, 300. 

destroys the castle of Senghenydd, and 
all the castles of Gower, 302. 

expels the English out of that country, 
and replaces tie m with Welshmen, 
302. 

marries the daughter of the earl of 
Clare, 304. 

warns Gruffudd. son of Llywelyn, 
against the treachery of the bur- 
gesses of Cydw< n. 312. 

sent by Llywelyn to Carnwyllon to 
intercept William Marshall, 31 '. 
11 II 



482 



QTOEX. 



Rhys the Hoarse- 

captured at Llanarthnea by liis son 

Rhys the Little, 316. 
is liberated lor the castle of Llan- 
ymddyvri, .'110. 

i.landcilo the Great, 322. 
buried in Menevia, 322. 
Rhys, son of Ilowel, co-operates with 
Owain and Cadwalader, sons of 
Gruffudd, in burning the several 
castles of Btekert de la Mere, Di- 
nerth, and Caerwedros, 158. 
slays Hovel, son of Maredudd, son of 

Ithydderch, 162. 
seized and imprisoned by Sir Hugh 
de Mortimer, 166. 
Rhys the Little, son of Rhys Mechyll, 
recovers the castle of Carreg Cen- 
834. 
aided by the barons and knights of 
England, goes to Caerrasrfhen, 

nit' rs the castle of Dinevwr, and is 
seized by the garrison, 342. 

goes to F.inlyn to speak with Mared- 
udd, son of Rhys the Hoarse, and 
Patrick de Sayes, 346. 

dies iu the castle of Diaevwr, 358. 

is buried at Tal y Llycheu, 35S. 
Rhys, SOB of Mielgwn, hanged at .Shrews- 
bury by Robert Vepont, 272. 
Rhys, son of Maclgwn, dies, and is buried 

;,: Strata Florida, 338. 
Rhys, son of Maclgwn, makes his submis- 
sion to king Edward I. by the hand 
of Roger Mortimer, 36G. 

in company with four others, pays 
homage to the king at Worcester, 
868. 

ic! ires to Gwynedd, to Llywclyn, for 
fear of being taken by the English 
at Llanbadarn, 368. 

his territory taken possession of by 
the English, 868. 

takes possession of the town and 
1 Bstle of Aberystwyth, 372. 

conquers the cantrev of Penwedig, 
372. 



Rhys, son of Maredudd, exchanges comots 
with his brother Cynan, and obtains 
Penardd for himself, 360. 

reconciled to Pain, son of Patrick, 366. 

goes to the court of king Edward to 
oiler his homage and oath of alle- 
giance, 366. 
Rhys Mechyll the Little, reconciled to his 
uncle Maredudd, son of Rhys, 344. 

attacks Trevdraeth, and demolishes 
the castle, 844. 

invades Rhos, 344. 

inarches to Glamorgan, and reduces 
the castle of Llan Geneu, 344. 
Rhys, son of Owain, kills Bleddyn, son of 
Cyuvyn, 46. 

holds the government of South "Wales, 
48. 

is engaged in the battle of Camddwr, 48. 

also in the battle of Gwennottyll, 48. 

becomes a fugitive, 50. 

slain by Caradog, son of Gruffudd, 50. 

Rhys, son of Rhydderch, acts treacherously 

towards Gruffudd, son of Llywelyn, 

42. 

Rhys, son of Rhys, advises his father to 

imprison his brother Maelgwn. 23G. 

subjects the castles of Dinevwr and 
fan (rev Bychan, 240. 

imprisoned with Maredudd, by his 
fether, at Ystrad Meurug, 240. 

joins the expedition against Rhys 
and Owain, sons of Gruffudd, 2G8. 
Rhys the Saxon, treacherously kills Gur- 

geneu, son of Seisyll, 50. 
Rhys, son of Tewdwr, slays Caradog, 
Gruffudd, and Meilir, the sons of 
Rhiwallon, in the battle on Cam 
mountain, 50. 

expelled from his territory and king- 
dom by the sons of Rleddyn, son of 
Cynvyn, 52. 

is victorious at the battle of Llych 
Crei, 52. 

pays a vast sum of money to the 
Scottish and Irish mariners who 
had come to his assistance, 52. 

killed by the French of Brecheiuiog, 54. 



INDEX. 



483 



Rhys Wyndod, reconciled to Fain, son of 
Patrick, 366. 

goes to offer his honing: in Kiii ; r 

Edward I.. 366. 
retained by the king, 366. 
returns from the courl of the king, 368. 
Rhystud, the castle of, stored by Roger, 

earl of Clare, 190. 
Richard I., crowned king of England, 234. 
seized and put in prison by a certain 
carl as he was iviurning from Jeru- 
salem, 236. 
an extensive tax levied for his ransom, 

236. 
wounded and killed, 254. 
Rickert, son of Baldwin, stores the castle 

of Khyd y Gors, 7(1. 
Rickert, of Caer Rhiw, bishop of Menevia, 

dies, 370. 
Rickert, archbishop of Canterbury, dies, 

232. 
Rickert, earl of Clare, dies.. 348 
Rickert, abbot of Clerynaut, killed in a 

monastery near Rheims, 22(i. 
Rickert, earl of Cornwall, entrusted with 
the care of the kingdom by king 
Henry III., 338. 
Rickert, bishop of London, steward of the 
kingat Shrewsbury, seeks to rc\ • - j * ; ■ « 
an insult done to Gerald the steward, 
86. 
counsels Itliel and Madog, sons of 
Rhirid, to seize or expel Owain, sou 
of Cadwgan, 86. 
Cadwgan seeks to make peace with 

the king through, '.12. 
desires Madog to seize the men who 
had committed wrongs against the 
king, 94. 
is requested by Madog to give him 
certain lands, 108. 
Rickert Marshall Sec Marshall, Rickert. 
Rickert de la Mere, the castle of, burnt by 
Owain and Cadwalader, the sons of 
Gruffudd, and others, 158. 
Rickert, earl of Pembroke, repairs the 
castle of Macs Ilyveidd, 320. 
stabbed in battle, and dies. 322. 



Rickert, sun of Ponson, Gruffudd, son of 
Rhys, burns the outwork of the 
castle of, 122. 

Rickert, earl of Teretig, sou of Gilb rt 
Btrongbow, .sails for Ireland, 208. 
attends king Henry II. at Mem - 

Rites of the Church administered to the 
dying, 166, L60, 166, 194, 206, 266, 
310. 

Robert, bishop of Bangor, seized in his 
church, 268. 
ransomed for two hundred haw l.s, 268. 
Robert, earl of Bethlehem, encounters the 

knights sent by Ileiir\ [. to subdue 

Normandy, 7s. 
seized by the king, and imprisoned, 

1 10. 

bis sun makes war against the kinj ,110, 
Robert the Crookhanded, Bledri, son of 

Cedivor, appointed to keep the 

castle of, 126. 
Robert Fitz Walter, taken in the battle of 

Lincoln, 296. 
Robert, son of king Henry I., dies, 171. 
Robert, brother of king Henry 111., killed, 

334. 
Robert, bishop of Hereford, dies, 176. 

his character, i . 
Robert, son of Llywareh, di, 
Robert, son of Martin. Opposes Owain and 

Cadwalader, sons of I fruffudd, and 
their auxiliaries, 158. 

Robert de Kupel, killed in the battle of 

Lincoln, 296. 

Robert, earl of Shrewsbury 

between him and king Henrj I.. 66. 
Seizes upon the castles of Arundel, 

BHv, Brygge, and Shrewsburj', 68. 
his territory spoiled, 70. 

obtains permission from the kin," to 
quit the kingdom, 7l». 

opposes the knights sent by the king 
to subdue Normandy, 78. 
Robert, son of Stephen, taken and impri- 
soned by the lord Rhys, 202. 

relea ted from prison, 206. 

taken to Ireland by Diermid, son of 
Murchath, 206. 

M If 2 



48 1 



index. 



R »b -n Vepont, lianas Rhys, son of Mael- 
gwn, at Shrewsbury, 272. 
•. bod of William the Bastard, bis 
kingdom in Normandy defended by 
William Rnfoa daring bis absence 
in Jerusalem, 56. 
returns victorious from Jerusalem, 66. 
Knoli, Hugh de, killed in the battle of Lin- 
coln, 296. 
Roger, carl of Clare, his hostile expedition 
to Ceredigion, 190. 
his territory invaded by Rhys, son of 
Gruffodd, 198. 
Roger Clifford, lord of the castle of Ben- 
harddlceh, taken and Imprisoned by 
David, sun of GrufTndd, .'(72. 
Roger, carl of Hereford, dies, I 54. 
Roger, son of Hugh the Fat, succeeds his 

father as earl of Caerleon, go. 
linger Mortimer. See Mortimer, Roger. 
Mortimer, succeeds his lath v. 332. 
Roger Myles, left by Edmund and l'ain as 
constable of Aberystwyth, and to 
protect the country, 3 
Rome, Cadwalader the Blessed, dies at, 2. 
Cyngen, king of Powys, dies at, 12. 
Bowel dies at, 10. 
Btmwallon, king of Strath Clyde, goes 

to, 26. 
Joseph, bishop of Llandaf, dies at, 40. 
Dwnehath, son of Brian, dies on his 

way to, 4 1. 
Henry, emperor of, dies, 78. 
Henry II. ordered to appear at, to 
make satisfaction for the death of 
the archbishop of Canterbury 208. 
a cardinal from, attends a council in 
London for confirming the laws of 
the churches, 228. 
a general council held at the Lateran 

church in, 28G. 
a cardinal from, aids in the translation 
of the remains of Thomas the Mar- 
tyr, 304. 
a cardinal from, sent to England as 

the pope's legate, 32G. 
Thomas, bishop of Menevia, returns 

from the court of, .138. 
Emri takes ajourneytothe court of, 364. 



Ritfns, William, succeeds to the throne oj 
England, 52. 

goes to Normandy to defend the king- 
dom of his brother Robert, during 
his absence in Jerusalem, 5G. 

raises an army against the Britons, 58. 

is unsuccessful, 58. 

leads a large army a second time 
against the Britons, but is unsuc- 
cessful, GO. 

is killed, 60. 

his body ordered to be conveyed to 
Winchester for burial, 64. 
Rymney, Maredudd, son of Owain, killed 

on the banks of the river, 40. 
Rythmarch the Wise, son of bishop Stilicn, 
dies, 02. 

his character, 62. 



s. 

Sacr, receives Dyved from Icing Henry I.. 

74. 
expelled by the king from Pembroke, 

70. 
Saracens, the. threaten the destruction of 

JerusaleTii, 232. 
and the Jews subdue Jerusalem. 234. 
a battle in Spain between the Chris- 
tians and, 272. 
Damietta restored to, 310. 
convey the Christians to Acre, 310. 
take king Louis, 334. 
for his liberation he is constrained to 

restore Damietta to, 334. 
a great number of, killed by Louis, 

336. 
Sarur (Sayrebus, C), the earl of, invites 

Otho, emperor of Rome, his nephew, 

to his assistance, 278. 
captured at Vernon, 280. 
Satubin, bishop of Menevia, dies, 12. 
Saxons, the, gain the crown of Britain, 2. 
a battle at Hereford between the 

Britons and, G. 
kill Caradog, king of Gwynedd, 8. 
ravage the mountains of Eryri, and 

take the kingdom of Rhuvoniog, 10. 



INDEX. 






Saxons, the — conk 

destroy the castle ofDyganwy, 10. 

take the kingdom of l'owys, 10. 

kill Meurug, 12. 

kill Rhodri and his brother Gwriad, 

10. 
devastate Strath Clyde, 20. 
kill Cadwgan, son of Owain, 22. 
ravage the kingdoms of the sons of 

Idv.al, 24. 
devastate the Grove of Celynog (C'y- 

veiliog, C.) the (i real, 26, 
devastate Brecheiniog, and ail the 
territory of Einon, son of Owain, 
28. 
kill Howel, son of lenav, through 

treachery, 28. 
kill Caradog, son of Ithyddcrch, 88. 
pursued and destroyed by Gruffudd, 

son of Llywelyn, 38. 
vanquished in a battle with Gruffudd, 

son of Llywelyn, at Hereford, 12. 
their dominions ravaged by Magnus, 
son of Harold, king of Germany, 
44. 
appoint Henry I. king in England, 04. 
inhabit Dyved, 128. 
ravaged and killed by the men of 

Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 128. 
N.B. The kings of the Saxons are 
referred i« under their proper 
names, 
Scandinavia, Magnus, king of Germany, 
makes depredations on the shores 
of, 74. 
Scots, the, devastate Dublin, 32. 

kill Khydderch, son of Iestyn, .'18. 
auxiliaries to Traliaiarn, son of Car- 
adog, 50. 
receive a large sum of money from 
Rhys, son of'Tewdwr, for assistance 
rendered to him, 52. 
Seisyll, son of Dyvnwal, seized treach- 
erously by king Henry II. 's men, 
and imprisoned iu the castle of 
Abergavenny, 218. 
goes to the court of the king at Glou- 
cester, 226. 

» 



Seisyll, son of Dyvnwal — font. 

Slain through the treachery of the lord 

of Brecheiniog, in tin ■■■ 

Abergavenny, 226. 
Seughenydd, the castle of, destroyed in the 
expedition of Llywelyn, sou of 
forwerth, 288. 
the castle of, given to Kheinallt dc 

Brusc by Llywelyu, 800. 

it is destroyed by Rhys tie II 

302. 
Shrewsbury, the castle of, sci* Ibj : 

earl of Shrewsbury 
lorwerth. son of Bleddyn, cited t>>, 

74. 
king John seizes GweUWVUWyn at, 

262, 
Rhys, son of Maelgwn, banged at, 

272. 

iave ted by Llywelyn. son oflorwerth, 

282. 

king Henry III. summons Llywelyn 
and the earls and barons of the 
inarches to, 31 . 
Simon, archdeacon of Cyveiliog, dies, 180, 

his character, I •"• 
Sitruc, son of Abloec, king <>f Dublin, a 
ball!'- between him and Brian, king 
of all Ireland. 34. 
Snow, a great, in the month of March. 
24. 

on the calends of January, which re- 
mained until the feast "I Si. Patrick, 
12. 
Solomon, a maxim of, 126, 
South Wales, the men of, destroyed by 
king Ofia, fi. 

the devastation of, contemplated by 
Howel, son of Edwin, 40, 

laid waste, 42. 

endangered by a fleet from Ireland, 
42. 

held by Maredudd, son of Owain, son 
of Edwin, 4G. 

confederates with Rhys, son of Gruf- 
fudd. 188, 200. 

king Henry II. leads an army into, 
192, 198. 



486 



INDEX, 



Booth Wales — cant. 

the same king proceeds again to, 210. 
the lord Iiliys appointed justice of all, 

tianity rendered free to the men 
of, 302. 

subjected to king Edward I., 36';. 
St. Clare, the castle of, taken by the lord 
Rhys, 234. 
ili'- castie of, demolished by Llywclyn, 
son of lonrerth, 286. 
Si. }>.r:'nl (St. Devi), the shrine of, stolen 
out of the church, and completely 
>2, 54. 
certain wicked men carry away booty 

from the precincts of, 90, 92. 
king Henry II. makes an offering at 
Menevia for the singers in serving 
God and, 214. 
St. Dnnstan, king John buried at Wor- 
cester, near the grave of, 292. 

St. Mary's church at Meivod, consecrated, 
LS4. 

Si. Mary's chnrch in Mona, pillaged by the 
men of king Henry II., 188. 

St. Michael, the church of, consecrated, 4. 

St. Fadarn, booty carried ont of the pre- 
cincts of, 92. 
indecencies committed in the church 

of, 130. 
Snlien, an adopted son of the church 

of, 166. 
St. Paul, king John gives his kingdom to. 

278. 
Si. Peter, likewise to, 278. 

the church of, in Mona, pillaged by 

the men of king Henry II., 1SS. 
Star, a. of wonderful appearance, 78. 
Stephen, son of Baldwin, killed by Llyw- 

I'lyn, son of Madog, 180. 
Stephen, king, of Blois, takes the crown of 

England by force, 156. 
his death , 182. 
Stephen, archbishop of Canterbury, raises 

■In body "t fhomas the Martyr 

304. 



Stephen, the constable, opposes Owain and 

Cadwalader, 158. 
Storm, a violent and destructive, 220. 
Strange, John, the younger, bailiff of 
Castle Baldwin, makes a night 
attack upon Ceri and Cydewain, 
348, 350. 

pursued by the Welsh, 350. 

burns the barn of Aber Miwl, 350. 
Strata Florida, the monastery of, esta- 
blished, 202. 

monks of, removed to Rhedynog Velen 
in Gwynedd, 232. 

the abbot of, permitted by king Henry 
IH. to have the body of Gruffudd, 
son of Llywelyn, 334. 

he and the abbot of Aberconway re- 
move it to Aberconway, 334. 

the great hell of; bought, 340. 

the same consecrated by the bishop of 
Bangor, 340. 

the bishop of Menevia sings mass in, 
372. 

deaths and burials in, 22C, 232, 236, 

256,260,266,310, 314, 318, 322, 

330, 33G, 338, 344, 354, 356, 358, 

362, 372. 

Strath Clyde, devastated by the Saxons, 

Subin, the wisest of the Scots, dies, 16. 
Snlien, bishop of Menevia, assumes the 
bishopric, 46. 
resigns it, 50. 
takes it a second time, 50. 
resigns it again, 52. 
his death, 51. 
his character, 54. 
Snlien. son of Rythmarcb, dies, 166. 

his character, 166. 
Sunday, tin- battle on, in Mona, 14. 
Swain, son of Harold, devastates the isle of 
Man, 32. 
expels Edclred.son of Edgar, from his 
kingdom, and reigns in his stead, 
34. 
his death, 34. 



INDEX. 



4tf 



T. 



Tal y Llycheu, Iorwerth, abbot of, made 
bishop of Menevia, -284. 
young Rhys, son of Rhys Mechyll, 
buried at, 358. 
Talacbarn, interview between king Henry 
II. and Rhys, son of OrulVudd, at, 
218. 
the castle of, demolished by Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, and bis con- 
federates, 286, 288. 
Talargan, king of the Ticts, killed by 
the Britons in the battle of Maes- 
ydog, G. 
Tavalwern, the castle of, obtained through 
treachery by llowel, son of Ieuav, 
196. 
won by Owain and t.'ail « alader, the 
sons of Gruffudd, and their con- 
federates, 204. 
Tegeingl, ravaged by David, son of Owain 
Gwyncdd, 198. 
Owain and Cadwalader, sons of Gruf- 
fudd, and the lord Rhys, move 
their armies against the castle of 
Rhuddlan in, 204. 
king Henry III. fortifies the castle of 
Carreg in, 328. 
Temple, the master of, leads an army of 

Christians to Damietta, .304. 
Tenby, the men of, hurt Cadell, son of 
Gruffudd, 180. 
the castle of, attacked and taken by 

the sons of Hliys, 182. 
ravaged and burnt by Maelgwn. son 
of Rhys, 234. 
Terdeilach, king of Conach, dies, 184. 

Tcrdelach, king of the Scots or Gwyddol- 

ians, dies, 52. 
Tewdwr, son of I'eli, dies, G. 
Tewdwr, son of Einon, slain in a battle 

near Uangwm, 32. 
Teyrnon, a religious society established in 

the Glen of, 230, 



Theobald, son of Theobald, duke of Bur- 
gundy, delivered ige by 
Henrj 11.. to the king of l'mm-e, 
in respect of the archbishop of 
' tonterbury, 208. 

Theobald, earl of Burgundy, aids prince 
Henry in harassing the territory of 
his father the king, 222. 

Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, mur- 
dered, 208. 
his character, 208. 
translation of his remains, 

Thomas, bishop of Menevia, returns from 
the court of Borne, 

Thomas, archbishop of York, dii 

Thunderstorms, violent, 10, 220. 

Tours, Henry, son of king Henry II., 
borrows money (Vom the bargesses 
of, 220. 

Towyn. devastated bj the L'ag i 

Trahaiarn, son of I rules over 

Gwyncdd, 48. 
a battle between him and Gruffudd, 

at Bron yr Erw, 
wins die battle of Pwll Gwdyg, 48. 
slain in the battle on Carn Mountain, 
50. 

Trahaiarn, son of Iihel. invite'. Gruffudd, 
son of Rhys, to undertake an C3I 

pedition into Ceredigion, 128. 
Trahaiarn the Little, ofBrecheitiiog, seized 
and fettered, 250. 
his character, 
Trallwng Elgan, young Rhys encamps at, 

274. 
Trallwng Llywelyn, Cadwgan, son of 
a, arrive* in, 108. 
the castle of Gwenwynwyn in, al- 
tacked by Henry, archbishop of 
( lanterbury, and others, •.'•12. 
burnt by Llywelyn, son of ioi 

320. 
Llywelyn, son of Gruffudd, send 
messengers to Gruffudd, son of 
Gwen wynwy n, to the castle of, 
360. 
tin i d I'v Llywelyn, 

360 






I.MiJ.X. 



Trevdraetb, the 'castle of, destroyed by 

i.lywlyn, son of Iorwerth, and liis 

eoofedi r ■ \ 288. 
attacked, and the castle demolished 

by Llywclyn, son of Gruffudd, 

Maredudd, son of Rhys, and Rhys 

Mechyll the Little, 344. 
Tribute of ten thousand head of cattle, 

levied upon Powys, by king Henry 

I., 150. 
Tryffin, son of Rein, death of, 10. 
Turkyll, the son of, commands a Beet 

from Ireland, come to the assistance 

of Cadwalader, son of Grnffudd, 

104. 
TWO thousand men blinded, 28. 
XyreUj Walter, unwittingly kills William 

Rufus in hunting, 64. 
Tywi, William Marshall marches against 

Grnffudd, son of Llywelyn, through 

the, 312. 

a bridge made over it by Maelgwn 
the Little, Rhys the Hoarse, and 
Others, who were fighting against 
Caermarthc-n, 322. 
Tywi, Vale of. See Vale. 



U. 

I hi:, devastates Menevia, 34. 
Uchtryd, son of Edwin, fights against the 
castle of Pembroke, and ravages the 
whole country, 58. 

invites the country people to come to 
him for protection, when Ithel and 
Madog, the sons of llhirid, and 
Llywarch, son of Trahaiarn, were 
endeavouring to secure Owain and 
Cadwgan, 88. 

his address to Madog and his brother, 
88. 

they accuse him of flattery and cun- 
ning, 00. 

his sons invite the men of Mcirion- 
yud to assist them in expelling 
Owain and Madog out of their land, 
100. 



Uchtryd, son of Edwin— com/. 

the castle of, attacked by Einon, son 
of Cadwgan, and Grnffudd, son of 

Maredudd, 1 40. 
fights against Ilowel and Maredudd, 

and the sons of Cadwgan, 112. 
the building of the castle of the son 

of, 168. 
Uchtryd, bishop of Llandaf, dies, 176. 

his character, 176. 
Uercu, bishop, death of, 20. 
Ulysses, Rhys, son of Grnffudd, compared 

to, 246. 
Urbanus III., succeeds to the see of Rome, 

232. 
Usk, Iorwerth, son of Owain, taken by 

king Henry II. on the river, 210. 
Ussa, son of Llawr, dies, 20. 



V. 



Vale of Ceiriog, king Henry II. moves his 

army into the, 200. 
Vale of Clwyd, David, son of Owain 
Gwynedd, removes the people of 
Tegeingl, with their cattle, into the, 
198. 

Peter, abbot, dies in the, 232. 
Vale of Severn, king John retreats towards 

the, 292. 
Vale of Teveidiog, subjugated by Llyw- 
elyn, son of Iorwerth, 320. 
Vale of Tywi, devastated by Anarawd, 16. 

treachery of the men of, 42. 

devastated by Gruffudd, son of Llyw- 
elyn, 42. 

the chieftains and noblemen of, con- 
spire to the death of Bleddyn, son 
of Cynvyn, 46. 

devastated by the French, ">6. 

granted to the son of Baldwin, 70. 

granted to Ilowel and (son of, CD.) 
Goronwy, 74. 

Owain, son of Cadwgan, and Llywarch, 
son of Trahaiarn, lead their forces 
to it, against Gruffudd, son of Rhys, 
134, 



INDEX. 



1M) 



Vale of Tywi — cunt. 

I.'livs, son of Gruffudd, confederates 

with the South Walians as far as 

the woods of the, 188. 
granted hy king Henry II. to the lord 

Kins, 212. 
parts of, allotted to Maelgwn, son of 

Rhys, 288. 
Vepont, Robert, hangs Khys, son of Mael- 
gwn, at Shrewsbury, 272, 
Vermin of a mole-like form, devour the 

food in Ireland, 16, 18. 
Vernon, the earls of Flanders, Boleyn, and 

Sayrcbus, captured at, 28-3. 
Verses, Latin, on the death of Ithys, son of 

Gruffudd, 24G. 
on his tomb, 248. 
Vcsey, Simon de, slain in battle, 290. 
Villc, Bryan de, goes on a crusade to 

Jerusalem, 304. 
Vortigern of Repulsive Lips, Myrddin's 

prophecy to, 2. 



w. 

Wales, pilgrims from, drowned on the sea 

of Greece, 166. 
Aberteivi considered as the key of, 

•J 5-1. 
tlie expulsion of David, son of Owain, 

out of, 258. 
king John goes into, 2C8. 
the nobles of, swear fidelity to Llyw- 

elyn, son of Gruffudd, 344. 
king Henry III. allows Llywelyn to 

receive the homage of the barons of, 

356. 
and that they should henceforth be 

called princes of, 356. 
king Edward I. designs three armies 

against, 304. 
Wallis, Thomas, bishop of Menevia, death 

of, 340. 
Walter ilc Bee, the castle of, burnt by 

Owain and Cadwaladcr, sons of 

Gruffudd, 158. 



Walter, son of Gruffudd, retains Pain's 
castle, the castloof Colwyu, .ui.l the 

cantrcv of l.lvael, 282. 
Waller, son of l.ly\.»reh, kills Einon, eon 

of Anarawd, in his sleep, 198. 
Walter, son of Rhirid, kills Cadwgan, son 

of Maredudd, 198. 

Weather, extraordinarily tine, throughout 
the winter and spring, until Ascen- 
sion Thursday, when it became very 

tempestuous, 220. 

unusually fine, 288. 
Welsh, the, devastate the territory of Ofla, 8. 
soldiers in the army of Khciuallt, BOD 

of king Henry, 192. 
all the, combine to expel the French 

garrisons, 198. 
a few choseu. oppose king Henry II. 

in the Vale of L'eiriog, 200. 
distrustful of the French, 22G. 
they raze the castle of Llanuhadcia to 

the ground, 238. 
the restoration of their ancient rights 

contemplated by < Swenw ya« yn, 252. 
they fight against the castle of Gwerth- 

rynion, and burn it to the ground, 

■> ;,<;. 

they rise against king John, 282. 
obtain possession of nearly all Dyved, 

282, 284. 
men placed by lihys the Hoarse, to 

dwell in Gower, 802. 
pursue the English, and slay upward 

of twelve hundred, 350. 
are slain near Coluuwy by John 

Strange, 350. 
Welsh princes, make peace with king 

Henry IL, 188. 
make peace with king John, 268. 
collect a vast army to Caermarthen, 

280. 
return to their countries happy and 

victorious, 286. 
inviud to i»- pre. -mi! at a partition of 

land between Maelgwn, son of 

Khys, ami Rhys the Hoarse, his 

brothi r, and Rhys and Owain, bobs 

ofGruffudd,28 . 



490 



INDEX. 



Welsh princes — ami. 

most of them invited by Llywelyn, 
son of Iorwerth, to make war upon 
Gwemrynwyn, 290. 
summoned by king John, to enter • 
into compact with him, 292. 
While Castle, taken possession of by Robert 

de Bruse, 282. 
White House, the lord Ilbys arrives at 
the, 212. 
death of Cynan, abbot of the, 226, 
deatli of Rhydderch, abbot of the, 

232. 
burial of Cadwalader, son of Rhys, 

at the, 232. 
a religious society from, removes to 
Ireland, 31 i. 
Whitland (White House), Maredudd the 

Blind, buried at, 326. 
Whitland in Ireland, a religious society 
from the White House settles at, 
814. 
Wiciew, Einon Clud escapes from, 1 94. 
Wilfre, takes the bishopric resigned the 

third time by Sulien, 52. 
William, son of Aed, commands an army 
of French and Flemings against 
the castle of Caermartben, 168. 
William, son of Baldwin, dies, 58. 
William tin- Bastard, kills Harold and ob- 
tains the kingdom of England, 44, 
40. 
goes on a pilgrimage to Menevia. 50. 
his death, 52. 

his fame, power, and riches, 52. 
William Brabant, a Fleming, killed, 102. 
William, sou of Gerald, raises an army 
against the castle ofGwys, 172. 
the castle of Tenby delivered into 
his custody, 1 -•-'. 
William, son of Gwrwnred, seneschal to 
king Henry HI. over the land of 
young Maelgwn, spoils the men of 
Elvael, 338. 
William of London (de Londres), leaves 
hi- castle and property through 
fear of GrufFudd. son of Rhys, 120. 



William of Morctania (Brittany, C), op- 
poses and defeats the knights 

by Henry I. to subdue Normandy, 

78, 80. 
seized and imprisoned by the king, 

80. 
William, son of Ore, opposes Owain and 

Cadwalader, sons of Gruffudd, and 

their confederates, 153. 
William Rufus. See Kufus. 
William, son of William Eruse, banished 

into Ireland, by king John, 202. 
his wife, son, and daughter captured 

by the king, 2G4. 
put to death with his mother in the 

castle of Windsor, 264. 
Winchester, the body of William Rufus 

ordered to be conveyed to, 64. 
Henry, brother of William Rufus, 

secures the royal riches at, 64. 
the youths of, kill Randulf de Foer, 

and many knights with him, 230. 
the town of, burnt, and the castle 

fortified by king John, 292. 
the castle attacked, and taken by 

Louis, son of the king of France, 

292. 
retaken by the men of the king, 294. 
the bishop of, dies, 326. 
the marriage of Llywelyn and Eleanor 

solemnized at, :',GJ. 
Windsor, the wife and son of William 

Brnse put to deatli in the castle of, 

204. 
Worcester, king John buried at, 292. 

the bishop of, dies (A.D. 1236), 

324. 
a council appointed at, in which king 
Edward T. designs three armies 
against Wales, 364. 
king Edward L, and Edmund bis 
brother, bestow their cousin Eleanor 
on Llywelyn, at the door of the 
great church in, 370. 
Worgan, succeeds llerwald as bishop of 
Llandaf, SO. 






INDEX. 



•1-1) I 



Y. 

Yale, a castle in, built by Owain. son of 
Gruffudd, 176. 
the castle burnt by Iorwerth tbe Red, 

188. 
the monastery of Llanegwestl in, 
. founded by Madog, son of Gruffudd 
Maelor, 256. 
York, a dispute between the archbishop 
of, and the archbishop of Canter- 
bury. 228. 
Yspwys, a battle between the French and 
Cadwgan, son of Bleddyn, in the 
wood of, 56. 
Ystas the historian, 244. 
Ystlwyv, granted by king Henry II. tO 

Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 212. 
Ystrad Antarron, Gruffudd son of Rhys, 
and his uncle Rhydderch, arrive in 
disorder at, 132. 
Ystrad Cyngen, the castle of, devastated by 

Rhys, son of Gruffudd, 182. 
Ystrad Marchell, Ithel, abbot of, dies, 
232. 
Gruffudd, abbot of, dies, 244. 
Owain Cyveiliog dies at, 250. 



Ystrad Meurug, Uason, the eaateUainc of 
Aberystwyth castle, requests satis- 
tauec from the garrison of, [30. 

tli'' castle of, burnt l>y tin- sons of 
Gruffudd, son of * "\ nan, 16S. 

the castle of, repaired by Cadell, 
Maredudd, and Rhys, sons of Gruf- 
fudd, 1 80. 

Roger, earl of Clare, stores tbe e.istle 

of, 190. 
the castle of, taken by tin' f&nulj of 

Maelgwn, son of Rhys, 2:is. 
given by Maelgwn to his brothers, 

238. 
Rhys and Maredudd seized by their 

father, the lord Rhys, at, 240. 
tin' castle of, taken by Maelgwn 

of Rhys, 252. 
lie razes it to the ground, 202. 
Ystrad Peithyll.the castle of Kazon, situated 

at, ISO. 
Ystuin Llwynarth, young Khys marches 

towards the castle "!', 28 1. 
Ystwyth, a castle built by Gilbert, son of 

Kiekert, near the elllux of the river, 
104. 
the castle of Aberystwyth, situated on 

a hill shelving down to the river, 
132. 



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